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  • phaeomelanin (biology)

    melanocyte: … and pale red or yellowish phaeomelanin. Both are formed within the melanocytes by the initial oxidation of the amino acid tyrosine with the aid of the enzyme tyrosinase; subsequently their synthetic pathways diverge.

  • Phaeophyceae (class of algae)

    Brown algae, (class Phaeophyceae), class of about 1,500 species of algae in the division Chromophyta, common in cold waters along continental coasts. Species colour varies from dark brown to olive green, depending upon the proportion of brown pigment (fucoxanthin) to green pigment (chlorophyll).

  • Phaeothamniophyceae (protist)

    protozoan: Annotated classification: Phaeothamniophyceae Filamentous, coccoid, capsoid, or palmelloid. Chloroplasts possess girdle lamella; chloroplast endoplasmic reticulum has a direct membrane connection to the nuclear envelope; plastid DNA has a ring-type genophore. Eyespots present. Flagellated cells have 2 flagella, the anteriorly directed flagellum with tripartite hairs. Pinguiochrysidales

  • Phaeozem (FAO soil group)

    Phaeozem, one of the 30 soil groups in the classification system of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Phaeozems are characterized by a humus-rich surface layer covered in the natural state with abundant grass or deciduous forest vegetation. They are highly arable soils and are used for

  • Phaestos (ancient city, Crete)

    Phaestus, ancient city on the western end of the southern plain of Crete, about 3.5 miles (5.6 km) from the sea. The site was occupied from the 4th millennium bc, and its importance grew in the Early and Middle Bronze ages (c. 3000–c. 1600 bc). In the latter period its palace was first built and

  • Phaestus (ancient city, Crete)

    Phaestus, ancient city on the western end of the southern plain of Crete, about 3.5 miles (5.6 km) from the sea. The site was occupied from the 4th millennium bc, and its importance grew in the Early and Middle Bronze ages (c. 3000–c. 1600 bc). In the latter period its palace was first built and

  • Phaethon (asteroid)

    infrared astronomy: …formed and an object, designated 1983TB, thought to be the parent body for the swarm of meteoroids known as Geminids.

  • Phaethon (Greek mythology)

    Phaethon, (Greek: “Shining” or “Radiant”) in Greek mythology, the son of Helios, the sun god, and a woman or nymph variously identified as Clymene, Prote, or Rhode. The most influential extant version of the story, found in Ovid’s Metamorphosis, Books I–II, seems to echo the plot of Euripides’

  • Phaethon rubricauda (bird)

    tropic bird: …the three species is the red-tailed tropic bird, Phaethon rubricauda (to 50 cm [20 inches], excepting the red streamers), of the Indian and Pacific oceans.

  • Phaethontes (bird suborder)
  • Phaethontidae

    Tropic bird, any member of three seabird species that constitute the family Phaethontidae (order Pelecaniformes or Phaethontiformes). Tropic birds are characterized by pairs of streaming central tail feathers, which may be as long as the bird’s body. Sailors call them marlin-spikes and bosun birds.

  • Phaethornis (hummingbird)

    Hermit, any of several hummingbird species of the genus Phaethornis. See

  • Phaeton (English ship)

    Japan: The growth of the northern problem: In 1808 the English warship Phaeton made an incursion on Nagasaki, and three years later the Russian naval lieutenant V.M. Golovnin landed on Kunashiri Island, where he was arrested by bakufu authorities. When these various incidents were resolved, peace continued for a time in the northern regions; the bakufu relaxed…

  • phaeton (carriage)

    Phaeton, open, four-wheeled, doorless carriage, popular in the 18th and 19th centuries. It contained one or two seats, usually had a folding, or falling, top, and was owner-driven (i.e., it had no outside driver’s seat). The most spectacular phaeton was the English four-wheeled high-flyer, the

  • Phag-mo-gru family (Tibetan history)

    Phag-mo-gru family, Tibetan family that in the 14th century liberated Tibet from Mongol control. The Phag-mo-gru had begun to extend its power over the surrounding countryside in the 13th century at a time when the country was being governed by a series of lamas from the Sa-skya monastery, residing

  • Phagan, Mary (American murder victim)

    Leo Frank: …1913 for the murder of Mary Phagan resulted in his lynching. His trial and death shaped the nascent Anti-Defamation League (ADL) and spurred the first resurgence of the Ku Klux Klan (KKK). Frank was pardoned in 1986.

  • phage (virus)

    Bacteriophage, any of a group of viruses that infect bacteria. Bacteriophages were discovered independently by Frederick W. Twort in Great Britain (1915) and Félix d’Hérelle in France (1917). D’Hérelle coined the term bacteriophage, meaning “bacteria eater,” to describe the agent’s bacteriocidal

  • phage display (laboratory technique)

    bacteriophage: Role in laboratory research: … developed a technology known as phage display, which allowed for the generation of engineered proteins. Such proteins were produced by fusing foreign or engineered DNA fragments into phage gene III. Gene III encodes a protein expressed on the phage virion surface. Thus, gene III fusion proteins taken up by phages…

  • phage therapy (medicine)

    bacteriophage: Phage therapy: Phage therapy was not successful, and after the discovery of antibiotics in the 1940s, it was virtually abandoned. With the rise of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, however, the therapeutic potential of phages has received renewed attention.

  • phagocyte

    Phagocyte, type of cell that has the ability to ingest, and sometimes digest, foreign particles, such as bacteria, carbon, dust, or dye. It engulfs foreign bodies by extending its cytoplasm into pseudopods (cytoplasmic extensions like feet), surrounding the foreign particle and forming a vacuole.

  • phagocytosis (biology)

    Phagocytosis, process by which certain living cells called phagocytes ingest or engulf other cells or particles. The phagocyte may be a free-living one-celled organism, such as an amoeba, or one of the body cells, such as a white blood cell. In some forms of animal life, such as amoebas and

  • phagostimulant (chemistry)

    chemoreception: Food additives: Sugars are phagostimulants; however, sugars and especially complex carbohydrates (e.g., starch), from which simple sugars may be derived in the oral cavity, are a source of fats, the primary storage form of carbohydrates. The accumulation of these fats can lead to obesity. As a result, humans have…

  • phagotrophic nutrition (biology)

    digestion: Ingestion: …a method of feeding called phagotrophic nutrition. Many protozoans also are osmotrophic to a lesser degree. Some organisms, such as amoebas, have pseudopodia (“false feet”) that flow around the food particle until it is completely enclosed in a membrane-bounded chamber called a food vacuole; this process is called phagocytosis. Other…

  • phagotrophy (biology)

    digestion: Ingestion: …a method of feeding called phagotrophic nutrition. Many protozoans also are osmotrophic to a lesser degree. Some organisms, such as amoebas, have pseudopodia (“false feet”) that flow around the food particle until it is completely enclosed in a membrane-bounded chamber called a food vacuole; this process is called phagocytosis. Other…

  • ’Phags-pa (ruler of Tibet)

    ’Phags-pa, Tibetan scholar-monk who set up a Buddhist theocracy in Tibet. ’Phags-pa was a member of the Sa-skya-pa school of Buddhism, which was based at the Sa-skya monastery and which was noted for its emphasis on scholarship. After the Mongols had established suzerainty over his country,

  • ʿPhags-skyes-po (Hindu and Buddhist mythology)

    lokapāla: …Buddhist lokapālas are Dhṛtarāṣṭra (east), Virūḍhaka (south), and Virūpākṣa (west).

  • Phagun (film [1958])

    Madhubala: …poor itinerants in the comedy Phagun (1958), popular for its songs; an intrepid reporter in Kala Pani (1958), costarring Dev Anand; and an independent woman whose car has broken down in the comedy Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi (1958). She was also remembered for her songs in the thriller Howrah Bridge…

  • Phainias (Greek philosopher)

    Phanias, Greek philosopher of Eresus on the island of Lesbos, a pupil of Aristotle and a friend of Theophrastus, whom he joined in the Peripatetic school. Phanias is mentioned as the author of works on logic, in which he probably followed Aristotle’s doctrine. He also wrote, as Theophrastus did, on

  • Phainomena (book by Eudoxus)

    constellation: …is certain knowledge, is the Phainomena of Eudoxus of Cnidus (c. 395–337 bce). The original is lost, but a versification by Aratus (c. 315–245 bce), a poet at the court of Antigonus II Gonatas, king of Macedonia, is extant, as is a commentary by Hipparchus

  • phainopepla (bird species, Phainopepla nitens)

    silky flycatcher: …known of the group, the phainopepla (Phainopepla nitens), the male is black and the female gray; both parents incubate the dark-spotted pale gray eggs and help care for the young. Ptilogonys species are gray with yellow sides, and the black-and-yellow silky flycatcher (Phainoptila melanoxantha) is similar, but the male has…

  • Phainopepla nitens (bird species, Phainopepla nitens)

    silky flycatcher: …known of the group, the phainopepla (Phainopepla nitens), the male is black and the female gray; both parents incubate the dark-spotted pale gray eggs and help care for the young. Ptilogonys species are gray with yellow sides, and the black-and-yellow silky flycatcher (Phainoptila melanoxantha) is similar, but the male has…

  • Phair, Venetia (British amateur astronomer)

    Venetia Phair, (Venetia Katharine Douglas Burney), British amateur astronomer (born July 11, 1918, Oxford, Eng.—died April 30, 2009, Banstead, Surrey, Eng.), suggested the name Pluto in 1930 for the newly identified planet located beyond Neptune. Eleven-year-old Venetia Burney was living with her

  • Phaistos (ancient city, Crete)

    Phaestus, ancient city on the western end of the southern plain of Crete, about 3.5 miles (5.6 km) from the sea. The site was occupied from the 4th millennium bc, and its importance grew in the Early and Middle Bronze ages (c. 3000–c. 1600 bc). In the latter period its palace was first built and

  • Phak Phuea Thai (political party, Thailand)

    Yingluck Shinawatra: …the For Thais Party (Phak Puea Thai; PPT), was formed in late 2008. Parliamentary elections were announced in early May 2011 for July 3, and Yingluck declared her candidacy for office shortly thereafter. Yingluck, seen as a fresh face in Thai politics and aided considerably by being Thaksin’s sister,…

  • Phak Puea Thai (political party, Thailand)

    Yingluck Shinawatra: …the For Thais Party (Phak Puea Thai; PPT), was formed in late 2008. Parliamentary elections were announced in early May 2011 for July 3, and Yingluck declared her candidacy for office shortly thereafter. Yingluck, seen as a fresh face in Thai politics and aided considerably by being Thaksin’s sister,…

  • Phal, Louis (African boxer)

    boxing: Africa: …win a world championship was Louis Phal (better known as “Battling Siki”) of Senegal, who knocked out Georges Carpentier in Paris in 1922 to capture the world light-heavyweight crown. Six months later Siki lost his title on a controversial decision to Mike McTigue, an Irishman, in Dublin on St. Patrick’s…

  • phala (Indian philosophical concept)

    Phala, (Sanskrit: “fruit”) in Indian philosophy, the fruit or consequence of a particular action (karma). The widely held conviction among Indian philosophers that this life is but one in a chain of lives and that social class and personal character are the result of deeds in a previous life

  • Phalaborwa (South Africa)

    Phalaborwa, mining town, Limpopo province, South Africa, located east of the Drakensberg mountains and north of the Olifants River near Kruger National Park. It is built on top of an old black African mining centre of iron and copper ore; traces of their workings and clay smelting ovens have been

  • Phalacridae (insect)

    coleopteran: Annotated classification: Family Phalacridae (shining flower beetles) Larvae develop in certain flower heads (e.g., goldenrod), about 500 species; widely distributed; example Olibrus. Family Propalticidae About 20 species in Old World warm regions. Family Protocucujidae 2 species; Chile and

  • Phalacrocoracidae (bird)

    Cormorant, any member of about 26 to 30 species of water birds constituting the family Phalacrocoracidae (order Pelecaniformes or Suliformes). In the Orient and elsewhere these glossy black underwater swimmers have been tamed for fishing. Cormorants dive for and feed mainly on fish of little value

  • Phalacrocorax aristotelis (bird)

    pelecaniform: Survival and mortality: In the European shag (P. aristotelis), more than half the young die during this period, although among adults annual mortality is only about 15 percent in males and 20 percent in females. In the British population of the gannet, about 80 percent of the fledglings die before…

  • Phalacrocorax capillatus (bird)

    cormorant: It and the slightly smaller Japanese cormorant, P. capillatus, are the species trained for fishing. The most important guano producers are the Peruvian cormorant, or guanay, P. bougainvillii, and the Cape cormorant, P. capensis, of coastal southern Africa.

  • Phalacrocorax carbo (bird)

    cormorant: …the common, or great, cormorant, Phalacrocorax carbo; white-cheeked, and up to 100 cm (40 inches) long, it breeds from eastern Canada to Iceland, across Eurasia to Australia and New Zealand, and in parts of Africa. It and the slightly smaller Japanese cormorant, P. capillatus, are the species trained for fishing.…

  • Phalaenopsis (plant)

    Moth orchid, (genus Phalaenopsis), genus of about 60 species of orchids (family Orchidaceae), native to southeastern Asia and part of Australia. Some species are cultivated for the commercial flower trade and are crossed to produce hybrids with beautiful white, purple, and pink flowers. Many of the

  • Phalaenoptilus nuttallii (bird)

    Poorwill, (species Phalaenoptilus nuttallii), nocturnal bird of North America belonging to the nightjar family (Caprimulgidae). The poorwill, named for its call, is about 20 cm (8 inches) long and has mottled gray plumage, a short tail with a bit of white at the corners, and a narrow bib, white in

  • phalange (government)

    Charles Fourier: …associations of producers known as phalanges (phalanxes). His system came to be known as Fourierism.

  • Phalange (Lebanese militia group)

    Gemayel family: …authoritarian youth movement called the Phalange. He became the leader of the Phalange Party (also called Kataeb Party) in 1937, retaining that position until 1980. This party became the political arm of the largest Christian community in Lebanon, the Maronites. Pierre was first elected to the Lebanese Parliament in 1960…

  • phalanger (marsupial)

    Phalanger, any of several species of Australasian marsupial mammals. They are called possums in Australia and Tasmania. True phalangers are of the family Phalangeridae, which includes the cuscus. They are tree-dwelling animals: the clawless innermost hind digit and, sometimes, the first and second

  • Phalanger (marsupial)

    Cuscus, any of the seven species of Australasian marsupial mammals of the genus Phalanger. These are the marsupial “monkeys.” The head and body are 30 to 65 cm (12 to 25 inches) long, the tail 25 to 60 cm (10 to 24 inches). The big eyes are yellow-rimmed, and the nose is yellowish; the ears are

  • Phalanger maculatus (marsupial)

    cuscus: In the spotted cuscus (P. maculatus) of Australia and New Guinea, the male usually is brown, with large pale blotches; the female is plain-coloured. Some other cuscuses are nearly black, with faint spotting (males); still others are plain whitish.

  • Phalangeridae (marsupial)

    Phalanger, any of several species of Australasian marsupial mammals. They are called possums in Australia and Tasmania. True phalangers are of the family Phalangeridae, which includes the cuscus. They are tree-dwelling animals: the clawless innermost hind digit and, sometimes, the first and second

  • phalanges (bone)

    digit: …consists of small bones called phalanges. The tips of the digits are usually protected by keratinous structures, such as claws, nails, or hoofs, which may also be used for defense or manipulation. Digits are numbered one through five, beginning with the inside digit (thumb) when the palm (paw) is face…

  • Phalangist Party (political party, Lebanon)

    Israel: The beginning of the peace process: …Christian militia known as the Phalange, who benefited from Israeli weapons and training.

  • phalanstère (government)

    Charles Fourier: …associations of producers known as phalanges (phalanxes). His system came to be known as Fourierism.

  • Phalanx (German art group)

    Wassily Kandinsky: Munich period: …all over Europe—with the Munich Phalanx group (of which he became president in 1902), with the Berlin Sezession group, in the Paris Salon d’Automne and Salon des Indépendants, and with the Dresden group that called itself Die Brücke (“The Bridge”). In 1903 in Moscow he had his first one-man show,…

  • phalanx (government)

    Charles Fourier: …associations of producers known as phalanges (phalanxes). His system came to be known as Fourierism.

  • Phalanx (military technology)

    rocket and missile system: Antiship: 20-millimetre Phalanx. Advances in missile-defense systems had to keep up with the natural affinity of antiship missiles for stealth technology: the visual and infrared signatures and radar cross sections of Western antiship missiles became so small that relatively minor modifications in shape and modest applications of…

  • phalanx (bone)

    digit: …consists of small bones called phalanges. The tips of the digits are usually protected by keratinous structures, such as claws, nails, or hoofs, which may also be used for defense or manipulation. Digits are numbered one through five, beginning with the inside digit (thumb) when the palm (paw) is face…

  • phalanx (military formation)

    Phalanx, in military science, tactical formation consisting of a block of heavily armed infantry standing shoulder to shoulder in files several ranks deep. Fully developed by the ancient Greeks, it survived in modified form into the gunpowder era and is viewed today as the beginning of European

  • Phalaris (tyrant of Acragas)

    Phalaris, tyrant of Acragas (modern Agrigento), Sicily, notorious for his cruelty. He is alleged to have roasted his victims alive in a bronze bull, their shrieks representing the animal’s bellowing. A statue of a bull of some kind seems to have existed, but the facts surrounding its use have been

  • Phalaris (plant)

    reed: …donax), sea reed (Ammophila arenaria), reed canary grass (Phalaris), and reedgrass, or bluejoint (Calamagrostis). Bur reed (Sparganium) and reed mace (Typha) are plants of other families.

  • phalarope (bird)

    Phalarope, (Greek: “coot-foot”), any of three species of shorebirds that are part of the family Scolopacidae (order Charadriiformes). They are lightly built, slim-necked birds, about 15 to 25 cm (6 to 10 inches) long, and have lobed toes, adapted to swimming. Phalaropes are noted among birds for

  • Phalaropodidae (bird)

    Phalarope, (Greek: “coot-foot”), any of three species of shorebirds that are part of the family Scolopacidae (order Charadriiformes). They are lightly built, slim-necked birds, about 15 to 25 cm (6 to 10 inches) long, and have lobed toes, adapted to swimming. Phalaropes are noted among birds for

  • Phalaropus fulicarius (bird)

    phalarope: …the Arctic Circle are the red phalarope (Phalaropus fulicarius), called gray phalarope in Britain, and the northern phalarope (P. lobatus), called red-necked phalarope in Britain. Both species winter on tropical oceans, where they are known as sea snipe. Wilson’s phalarope (P. tricolor) breeds primarily in interior western North America and…

  • Phalaropus lobatus (bird)

    phalarope: …phalarope in Britain, and the northern phalarope (P. lobatus), called red-necked phalarope in Britain. Both species winter on tropical oceans, where they are known as sea snipe. Wilson’s phalarope (P. tricolor) breeds primarily in interior western North America and migrates chiefly to the Argentine pampas.

  • Phalaropus tricolor (bird)

    phalarope: Wilson’s phalarope (P. tricolor) breeds primarily in interior western North America and migrates chiefly to the Argentine pampas.

  • Phalium (snail)

    Bonnet shell, any of certain small marine mollusks of the helmet shell (q.v.)

  • Phalke, Dadasaheb (Indian director)

    Dadasaheb Phalke, motion picture director who is considered the father of the Indian cinema. Phalke was credited with making India’s first indigenous feature film and spawning the burgeoning Indian film industry today chiefly known through Bollywood productions. As a child, Phalke displayed great

  • Phalke, Dhundiraj Govind (Indian director)

    Dadasaheb Phalke, motion picture director who is considered the father of the Indian cinema. Phalke was credited with making India’s first indigenous feature film and spawning the burgeoning Indian film industry today chiefly known through Bollywood productions. As a child, Phalke displayed great

  • Phallales (fungus order)

    Stinkhorn, any fungus of the order Phallales (phylum Basidiomycota, kingdom Fungi), typified by a phalluslike, ill-smelling fruiting body. Stinkhorns produce odours that attract the flies and other insects that assist in dispersing the reproductive bodies (spores). Their appearance is often

  • phallic stage (psychology)

    human behaviour: Psychoanalytic theories: …Freud called this stage the phallic stage. The half dozen years before puberty are called the latency stage. During the final and so-called genital stage of development, mature gratification is sought in a heterosexual love relationship with another. Freud believed that adult emotional problems result from either deprivation or excessive…

  • phallic symbol (representation)

    comedy: Origins and definitions: …states that comedy originated in phallic songs and that, like tragedy, it began in improvisation. Though tragedy evolved by stages that can be traced, the progress of comedy passed unnoticed because it was not taken seriously. When tragedy and comedy arose, poets wrote one or the other, according to their…

  • phallicism (religious worship)

    Phallicism, worship of the generative principle as symbolized by the sexual organs or the act of sexual intercourse. Although religious activities that involve sexuality or the symbolism of the male or female sexual organs are sometimes called phallic cults, there is no evidence that any cult is

  • phallostethoid (zoology)

    atheriniform: Natural history: …relatives) and the more specialized phallostethoids. The silversides are mainly freshwater fishes and show some reproductive specializations in courtship behaviour and sexual dimorphism (coloration and fin shape). They breed near the shore, attaching the eggs to plants. The grunion (Leuresthes tenuis) breeds on the California coast, schooling in the surf…

  • Phallus (genus of fungus)

    stinkhorn: …in the temperate zone include Phallus, Mutinus, Dictyophora, Simblum, and Clathrus.

  • phallus (representation)

    comedy: Origins and definitions: …states that comedy originated in phallic songs and that, like tragedy, it began in improvisation. Though tragedy evolved by stages that can be traced, the progress of comedy passed unnoticed because it was not taken seriously. When tragedy and comedy arose, poets wrote one or the other, according to their…

  • phallus (embryonic structure)

    human reproductive system: The scrotum: …of the base of the phallus, the precursor of the penis or clitoris in the embryo. The swellings are also referred to as the labioscrotal swellings, because in females they remain separate to form the labia majora and in males they unite to form the scrotum.

  • Phalodi (India)

    Phalodi, town, west-central Rajasthan state, northwestern India. It lies in a sandy upland region of the Thar (Great Indian) Desert about 70 miles (110 km) northwest of Jodhpur. Phalodi is an old caravan centre, believed to have been founded in the 15th century. Architectural monuments include a

  • Pham Hung (prime minister of Vietnam)

    Pham Hung, Vietnamese politician who served briefly as prime minister (1987–88) and was the first southern Vietnamese to reach the highest level of the Communist Party Central Committee, the Politburo. Hung, an early follower of Ho Chi Minh, joined the Revolutionary Youth League soon after his

  • phamsana (Indian architecture)

    South Asian arts: Medieval temple architecture: North Indian style: …types are called latina and phāmsanā. Curvilinear in outline, the latina is composed of a series of superimposed horizontal roof slabs and has offsets called latās. The edges of the śikhara are interrupted at intervals with grooved discs, each one demarcating a “story.” The surface of the entire śikhara is…

  • Phan Boi Chau (Vietnamese patriot)

    Phan Boi Chau, dominant personality of early Vietnamese resistance movements, whose impassioned writings and tireless schemes for independence earned him the reverence of his people as one of Vietnam’s greatest patriots. Phan Boi Chau was the son of a poor scholar, who stressed education and

  • Phan Chau Trinh (Vietnamese leader)

    Phan Chau Trinh, nationalist leader and reformer who played a vital role in the movement for Vietnamese independence and who was the leading proponent of a reformist program that joined the aims of expelling the French and of restructuring Vietnamese society. Trained in military skills by his f

  • Phan Chu Trinh (Vietnamese leader)

    Phan Chau Trinh, nationalist leader and reformer who played a vital role in the movement for Vietnamese independence and who was the leading proponent of a reformist program that joined the aims of expelling the French and of restructuring Vietnamese society. Trained in military skills by his f

  • Phan Dinh Khai (Vietnamese politician)

    Le Duc Tho, Vietnamese politician who, acting as an adviser to North Vietnam, negotiated a cease-fire agreement with U.S. official Henry Kissinger during the Vietnam War. The two men were jointly awarded the 1973 Nobel Prize for Peace, but Tho declined it. Le Duc Tho was one of the founders of the

  • Phan Dinh Phung (Vietnamese rebel leader)

    Phan Dinh Phung, Vietnamese government official who opposed French expansion in Vietnam and became a leader of the nationalist resistance movement. Phan was a mandarin at the court of the Vietnamese emperor Tu Duc. After Tu Duc’s death in 1883, Phan opposed the succession of the emperor’s nephew

  • Phan Khoi (Vietnamese intellectual)

    Phan Khoi, intellectual leader who inspired a North Vietnamese variety of the Chinese Hundred Flowers Campaign, in which scholars were permitted to criticize the Communist regime, but for which he himself was ultimately persecuted by the Communist Party of Vietnam. Phan Khoi was a dedicated

  • Phan Thang Giang (Vietnamese diplomat and government official)

    Phan Thanh Gian, Vietnamese government official and diplomat whose conservatism and strict adherence to the political and ethical tenets of Confucianism may have contributed to the French conquest of Vietnam. The son of a low-ranking administrative employee, Phan Thanh Gian was outstanding in s

  • Phan Thanh Gian (Vietnamese diplomat and government official)

    Phan Thanh Gian, Vietnamese government official and diplomat whose conservatism and strict adherence to the political and ethical tenets of Confucianism may have contributed to the French conquest of Vietnam. The son of a low-ranking administrative employee, Phan Thanh Gian was outstanding in s

  • Phan Thiet (Vietnam)

    Phan Thiet, seaport, southern Vietnam. It lies along the South China Sea at the head of a broad crescent bay, 112 miles (180 km) east-northeast of Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon). Originally a fishing village, it had resort facilities under the French colonial administration. It is one of

  • Phan Van Hoa (prime minister of Vietnam)

    Vo Van Kiet, (Phan Van Hoa), Vietnamese politician (born Nov. 23, 1922, Trung Hiep, French Indochina [now in Vietnam]—died June 11, 2008, Singapore), as Vietnam’s prime minister (1991–97), strongly advocated doi moi (renovation), the economic plan that encouraged entrepreneurial initiative and

  • Phanariot (Ottoman official)

    Phanariote, member of one of the principal Greek families of the Phanar, the Greek quarter of Constantinople (Istanbul), who, as administrators in the civil bureaucracy, exercised great influence in the Ottoman Empire in the 18th century. Some members of these families, which had acquired great

  • Phanariote (Ottoman official)

    Phanariote, member of one of the principal Greek families of the Phanar, the Greek quarter of Constantinople (Istanbul), who, as administrators in the civil bureaucracy, exercised great influence in the Ottoman Empire in the 18th century. Some members of these families, which had acquired great

  • Phanerinae (primate subfamily)

    primate: Classification: and mouse lemurs) Subfamily Phanerinae (fork-crowned lemurs) Family Lemuridae (“true” lemurs) 5 genera, about 18 species from Madagascar. 1 Holocene fossil genus. Family Megaladapidae (sportive and koala lemurs) 1

  • phaneritic texture (geology)

    rock: Classification by grain or crystal size: …term for small crystals, and phaneritic for larger ones. Very coarse crystals (those larger than 3 centimetres, or 1.2 inches) are termed pegmatitic.

  • Phanerosorus (plant genus)

    Matoniaceae: …genera (Matonia, two species; and Phanerosorus, two species). Although once widespread in the tropics, the family’s members now occur only in the Malayan region, mainly on open ridgetops at higher elevations, on mountain summits, and on limestone.

  • Phanerozoic Eon (geochronology)

    Phanerozoic Eon, the span of geologic time extending about 541 million years from the end of the Proterozoic Eon (which began about 2.5 billion years ago) to the present. The Phanerozoic, the eon of visible life, is divided into three major spans of time largely on the basis of characteristic

  • Phanerozoic Eonothem (geology and stratigraphy)

    Australia: Tectonic framework: …to a younger cover of Phanerozoic sediment (deposited during the past 541 million years); for example, all the sedimentary basins west of the Tasman Line are underlain by Precambrian basement. The third is as relicts in younger orogenic belts, as in the Georgetown Inlier of northern Queensland and in the…

  • Phanerozonia (echinoderm order)

    sea star: Edged sea stars, order Phanerozonia, have distinct marginal plates and therefore tend to be rigid. Members of the order have suction-tube feet; the anus may be lacking. Most of the deep-sea sea stars belong to this order, and many are burrowers. Albatrossaster richardi has been…

  • Phanes (Greek general)

    Cambyses II: …from Polycrates of Samos; from Phanes, a Greek general in the Egyptian army who gave him valuable military information; and from the Arabs, who provided water for the crossing of the Sinai Desert. After Cambyses had won the Battle of Pelusium (525) in the Nile Delta and had captured Heliopolis…

  • Phang Xi Pang (mountain, Vietnam)

    Fan Si Peak, highest peak (10,312 feet [3,143 metres]) in Vietnam, lying in Lao Cai tinh (province) and forming part of the Fan Si–Sa Phin range, which extends northwest-southeast for nearly 19 miles (31 km) between the Red River (Song Hong) and the Black River (Song Da). Along most of the range

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