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  • PATA (computer science)

    SATA: …designed to replace the long-standing PATA (parallel ATA) interface.

  • Patachou (French singer and actress)

    Patachou, (Henriette Eugénie Jeanne Ragon), French cabaret singer and actress (born June 10, 1918, Paris, France—died April 30, 2015, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France), was one of the most-popular nightclub performers in post-World War II Paris. Her husky voice, bravura approach to the traditional

  • Patagona gigas (bird)

    hummingbird: Even the largest, the giant hummingbird (Patagona gigas) of western South America, is only about 20 cm (8 inches) long, with a body weight of about 20 g (0.7 ounce), less than that of most sparrows. The smallest species, the bee hummingbird (Mellisuga, sometimes Calypte, helenae) of Cuba and…

  • Patagonia (region, Argentina)

    Patagonia, semiarid scrub plateau that covers nearly all of the southern portion of mainland Argentina. With an area of about 260,000 square miles (673,000 square kilometres), it constitutes a vast area of steppe and desert that extends south from latitude 37° to 51° S. It is bounded,

  • Patagonia Ice Cap (geological formation, South America)

    Pleistocene Epoch: Glaciation: In the Southern Hemisphere, the Patagonia Ice Cap developed in the southern Andes, and ice caps and larger valley glaciers formed in the central and northern Andes. Glaciers also developed in New Zealand and on the higher mountains of Africa and Tasmania, including some located on the equator.

  • Patagonian Andes (mountains, South America)

    Andes Mountains: Physiography of the Southern Andes: The Patagonian Andes rise north of the Strait of Magellan. Numerous transverse and longitudinal depressions and breaches cut this wild and rugged portion of the Andes, sometimes completely; many ranges are occupied by ice fields, glaciers, rivers, lakes, or fjords. The crests of the mountains exceed…

  • Patagonian conure (bird)

    conure: …(to 50 cm [20 inches]) Patagonian conure, or burrowing parrot, Cyanoliseus patagonus, nests colonially in cliff holes in temperate regions of Chile and Argentina.

  • Patagonian cypress (tree, Fitzroya cupressoides)

    Alerce, (species Fitzroya cupressoides), coniferous tree that is the only species of the genus Fitzroya, of the cypress family (Cupressaceae), native to southern Chile and southern Argentina. In the wild it grows to become one of the oldest and largest trees in the world. The alerce is thought to

  • Patagonian Desert (desert, South America)

    Tehuelche: …Indians who formerly inhabited the Patagonian plains from the Strait of Magellan to the Negro River. They were divided into northern and southern branches. Each division had its own dialect; the northerners have been classified as horse nomads, the southerners as foot people. They became famous in European literature for…

  • Patagonian Indian (people)

    Argentina: Patagonia: …Europeans to the north, the Patagonian Indians thus remained unmolested until the mid-19th century, when European settlements encroached and warfare erupted. The Indian wars in northern Patagonia and the southern and western Pampas culminated in a campaign known as the Conquest of the Desert, which ended in 1879 with the…

  • Patagonian mara (rodent)

    mara: … of the cavy family, the Patagonian mara (D. patagonum) or the Chacoan mara (D. salinicola).

  • Patagonian opossum (marsupial)

    Patagonian opossum, (Lestodelphys halli), a small insectivorous and carnivorous marsupial (family Didelphidae, subfamily Didelphinae) found only in south-central Argentina, occurring farther south than other American marsupials. Adults reach 24.5 cm (10 inches) in length and weigh up to 90 grams

  • Patagonian possum (marsupial)

    Patagonian opossum, (Lestodelphys halli), a small insectivorous and carnivorous marsupial (family Didelphidae, subfamily Didelphinae) found only in south-central Argentina, occurring farther south than other American marsupials. Adults reach 24.5 cm (10 inches) in length and weigh up to 90 grams

  • Patagonian seedsnipe (bird)

    seedsnipe: …is the least, pygmy, or Patagonian seedsnipe (Thinocorus rumicivorus). It covers its eggs with sand when it leaves the nest. The largest (about 30 cm, or 12 in.) is Gay’s seedsnipe (Attagis gayi), which nests high in the Andes.

  • Patagonian Theatre (theatre, London, United Kingdom)

    puppetry: Styles of puppet theatre: …of Irish wits ran the Patagonian Theatre in London from 1776 to 1781 with a program of ballad operas and literary burlesques. In France there was a great vogue for the puppet theatre among literary men during the second half of the 19th century. This seems to have begun with…

  • Patagonian weasel (mammal)

    weasel: The Patagonian weasel (Lyncodon patagonicus) is a larger mustelid of the South American Pampas. It is about 30–35 cm (12–14 inches) long, excluding the 6–9-cm (2.5–3.5-inch) tail. That weasel is grayish with dark brown underparts and a white stripe running across the forehead to the sides…

  • Pataki, George (American politician)

    Lenny Bruce: …his death, New York Governor George Pataki issued him an unprecedented posthumous pardon.

  • Patala (ancient city, India)

    Alexander the Great: Invasion of India: On reaching Patala, located at the head of the Indus delta, he built a harbour and docks and explored both arms of the Indus, which probably then ran into the Rann of Kachchh. He planned to lead part of his forces back by land, while the rest…

  • Pāṭaliputra (India)

    Patna, city, capital of Bihar state, northern India. It lies about 290 miles (470 km) northwest of Kolkata (Calcutta). Patna is one of the oldest cities in India. During the Mughal period it was known as Azimabad. Patna is a riverside city that extends along the south bank of the Ganges (Ganga)

  • Patan (India)

    Patan, city, northern Gujarat state, west-central India. It is situated on the Saraswati River in the lowlands between the Aravalli Range and the Gulf of Khambhat (Cambay). Patan was once the capital of the Chavada and Solanki dynasties (720–1242), but it was sacked in 1024 by Maḥmūd of Ghazna. The

  • Patan (Nepal)

    Lalitpur, town, central Nepal, in the Kathmandu Valley near the Baghmati River, about 3 miles (5 km) southeast of Kathmandu. According to Nepalese chronicles, Lalitpur was founded by King Varadeva in 299 ce. Some scholars believe that it was the capital of the Licchavi, Thakuri, and Malla

  • Patan-Somnath (ancient city, India)

    Somnath, ancient ruined city, southwestern Gujarat state, west-central India. It is the site of the temple of Shiva as Somanatha (“Lord of the Soma,” a sacred intoxicating drink, and, by extension, “Lord of the Moon”). The temple was sacked by the Turkic Muslim invader Maḥmūd of Ghazna in 1024–25

  • Patángoro (people)

    Patángoro, Indian people of western Colombia, apparently extinct since the late 16th century. They spoke a language of the Chibchan family. The Patángoro were agricultural, raising corn (maize), sweet manioc (yuca), beans, avocados, and some fruit. Land was cleared by slash-and-burn methods, and p

  • Patani (Thailand)

    Pattani, town, southern Thailand, on the east coast of the Malay Peninsula. The town is located at the mouth of the Pattani River. Pattani was an independent Muslim city-state, ruling a large portion of the surrounding region until the 16th century, when it became a vassal state of Siam (now

  • Patanjali (Hindu author, mystic, and philosopher)

    Patanjali, author or one of the authors of two great Hindu classics: the first, Yoga-sutras, a categorization of Yogic thought arranged in four volumes with the titles “Psychic Power,” “Practice of Yoga,” “Samadhi” (state of profound contemplation of the Absolute), and “Kaivalya” (separateness);

  • Patapoufs et filifers (work by Maurois)

    children's literature: The 20th century: Patapoufs et filifers, by André Maurois, a gentle satire on war, has lasted (Eng. trans. Pattypuffs and Thinifers, 1948; reissued 1968). His fantastic Le Pays des 36,000 volontés is almost as popular. The famous dramatist Charles Vildrac has done much to advance the cause of…

  • Patapsco Female Institute (school, Ellicott’s Mills, Maryland, United States)

    Almira Hart Lincoln Phelps: …husband business manager of the Patapsco Female Institute in Ellicott’s Mills, Maryland. In her 15 years at that school, Phelps created an institution of high academic standards, with a curriculum rich in the sciences, mathematics, and natural history and designed in particular to train highly qualified teachers. The polite attainments…

  • Patarene (medieval reform group)

    Patarine, member of a medieval group of lay craftsmen, tradesmen, and peasants organized in Milan about 1058 to oppose clerical concubinage and marriage; the group later widened its attack to oppose generally the papacy’s moral corruption and temporal powers. The Patarine movement was so called

  • pataria (medieval reform group)

    Patarine, member of a medieval group of lay craftsmen, tradesmen, and peasants organized in Milan about 1058 to oppose clerical concubinage and marriage; the group later widened its attack to oppose generally the papacy’s moral corruption and temporal powers. The Patarine movement was so called

  • Patarines (medieval reform group)

    Patarine, member of a medieval group of lay craftsmen, tradesmen, and peasants organized in Milan about 1058 to oppose clerical concubinage and marriage; the group later widened its attack to oppose generally the papacy’s moral corruption and temporal powers. The Patarine movement was so called

  • Patarino (medieval reform group)

    Patarine, member of a medieval group of lay craftsmen, tradesmen, and peasants organized in Milan about 1058 to oppose clerical concubinage and marriage; the group later widened its attack to oppose generally the papacy’s moral corruption and temporal powers. The Patarine movement was so called

  • Patarkatsishvili, Arkady Shalovich (Georgian businessman)

    Badri Patarkatsishvili, (Arkady Shalovich Patarkatsishvili), Georgian oligarch (born Oct. 31, 1955, Tbilisi, Georgia, U.S.S.R. [now in Georgia]—died Feb. 12, 2008, Leatherhead, Surrey, Eng.), made a fortune in labyrinthine business dealings during the post-Soviet period of privatization of

  • Patarkatsishvili, Badri (Georgian businessman)

    Badri Patarkatsishvili, (Arkady Shalovich Patarkatsishvili), Georgian oligarch (born Oct. 31, 1955, Tbilisi, Georgia, U.S.S.R. [now in Georgia]—died Feb. 12, 2008, Leatherhead, Surrey, Eng.), made a fortune in labyrinthine business dealings during the post-Soviet period of privatization of

  • patas monkey (primate)

    Patas monkey, (Erythrocebus patas), long-limbed and predominantly ground-dwelling primate found in the grass and scrub regions of West and Central Africa and southeast to the Serengeti plains. The adult male patas monkey has shaggy fur set off by a white mustache and white underparts, and its build

  • Patassé, Ange-Félix (president of Central African Republic)

    Ange-Félix Patassé, Central African Republic politician (born Jan. 25, 1937, Paoua, Ubangi-Shari, French Equatorial Africa [now Paoua, Central African Republic]—died April 5, 2011, Douala, Cameroon), figured prominently in the Central African Republic (C.A.R.) as a government minister and prime

  • Patau’s syndrome (pathology)

    Trisomy 13, human chromosomal disorder that results from an extra (third) copy of chromosome 13. Infants born with this disorder have profound mental retardation and severe developmental malformations that include a small head, a cleft palate and lip, tiny eyes and eye openings, extra digits on h

  • Patavium (Italy)

    Padua, city, Veneto region, northern Italy, on the River Bacchiglione, west of Venice. The Roman Patavium, founded, according to legend, by the Trojan hero Antenor, it was first mentioned in 302 bce, according to the Roman historian Livy, who was born there (59 bce). The town prospered greatly and,

  • Patawomeck (American Indian tribe)

    Jamestown Colony: Peace and the onset of the tobacco economy (1613–14): …Japazeus, the chief of the Patawomeck tribe. The Patawomeck were located along the Potomac River, beyond Chief Powhatan’s empire. In March 1613 Argall chanced to learn that Powhatan’s daughter Pocahontas was staying with Japazeus. Argall resolved to kidnap her and ransom her for English prisoners held by the Powhatan Indians…

  • Patay, Battle of (Hundred Years’ War)

    St. Joan of Arc: Victories and coronation: …came face to face at Patay on June 18, 1429. Joan promised success to the French, saying that Charles would win a greater victory that day than any he had won so far. The victory was indeed complete; the English army was routed and with it, finally, its reputation for…

  • patch box (clothing accessory)

    Patch box, small, usually rectangular, sometimes oval box used mostly as a receptacle for beauty patches, especially in the 18th century. During the days of Louis XV, black patches of gummed taffeta were popular with fashionable women (and sometimes men) who wanted to emphasize the beauty or

  • patch dynamics (ecology)

    Patch dynamics, in ecology, a theoretical approach positing that the structure, function, and dynamics of an ecological system can be understood and predicted from an analysis of its smaller interactive spatial components (patches). In addition to its significance as a theoretical approach, the

  • Patch of Blue, A (film by Green [1965])

    Sidney Poitier: Hollywood trailblazer: …blind girl (Elizabeth Hartman) in A Patch of Blue (1965); the moving drama also starred Shelley Winters as her abusive mother.

  • patch reef (coral reef)

    Platform reef, a coral reef found on continental shelves and characterized by a primarily radial growth pattern. A platform reef may or may not lie behind a barrier reef and may undergo elongation if established on a sandbank. Reefs grow actively outward as well as upward, especially in the stable

  • patch test (medicine)

    Patch test, controlled application of biological or chemical substances to the skin in order to detect if the subject has an allergic hypersensitivity to one of them. The test was originally developed to test new chemical compounds for their allergic potential on animals but has since become

  • Patch, The (essays by McPhee)

    John McPhee: … (2017) and the essay collection The Patch (2018).

  • patch-clamp technique (biology)

    Erwin Neher: …for the development of the patch-clamp technique, a laboratory method that can detect the very small electrical currents produced by the passage of ions through the cell membrane.

  • Patchen, Kenneth (American artist)

    Kenneth Patchen, American experimental poet, novelist, painter, and graphic designer. Itinerant in his youth and only occasionally a student, Patchen worked at many jobs before beginning to write and paint. He published many collections of verse from 1936 on, notably Collected Poems (1968), and

  • Patchett, Ann (American author)

    Ann Patchett, American author whose novels often portray the intersecting lives of characters from disparate backgrounds. When Patchett was six years old, her family moved to Nashville, Tennessee, where she grew up and where she made her home. She obtained a B.A. degree (1984) from Sarah Lawrence

  • Patchett, Jean (American model)

    Jean Patchett, American model (born Feb. 16, 1926, Preston, Md.—died Jan. 22, 2002, La Quinta, Calif.), became a photographic icon during the 1950s and appeared on over 40 magazine covers. Her defining images were the ones in which Irving Penn captured her seated in a café chewing pensively on a s

  • patchouli (plant)

    Patchouli, (Pogostemon cablin), aromatic flowering plant of the mint family (Lamiaceae), the leaves of which are a source of essential oil that is used as a fragrance in perfumes, cosmetics, and incense. Patchouli is native to tropical Asia, where it is widely cultivated and has been used for

  • patchouli oil (essential oil)

    patchouli: Uses: Patchouli essential oil is obtained from the shade-dried leaves by steam distillation. The oil is widely used in the manufacture of soaps, perfumes, detergents, cosmetics, and deodorants, although patchouli is not the dominant fragrance in many of these products. Patchouli essential oil has pleasing musky…

  • patchwork (decorative arts)

    Patchwork, the process of joining strips, squares, triangles, hexagons, or other shaped pieces of fabric (also called patches), by either hand or machine stitching, into square blocks or other units. It is one of the primary construction techniques of quilting and is often combined with appliqué.

  • PATCO (American organization)

    Ronald Reagan: First days: …of air traffic controllers, the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization (PATCO)—one of the few unions to endorse Reagan in the 1980 election—walked off their jobs, demanding higher pay and better working conditions. As federal employees, the PATCO members were forbidden by law to strike, and Reagan, on the advice of…

  • Pate (Kenya)

    eastern Africa: The Shirazi migration: …very substantial town, as did Pate, in the Lamu islands. The ruling classes of these towns were Muslims of mixed Arab and African descent who were mostly involved in trade; beneath them were African labourers who were often slaves and a transient Arab population. The impetus in this society was…

  • pâté (French cuisine)

    Pâté, (French: “paste”), in French cuisine, a filled pastry, analogous to the English pie. The term pâté is also used, with modifiers, to denote two other distinct preparations: pâté en terrine, a meat, game, or fish mixture wrapped in suet or other animal fat or lining and cooked in a deep oval or

  • pâté à viande (food)

    Tourtière, a double-crusted meat pie that is likely named for a shallow pie dish still used for cooking and serving tourtes (pies) in France. The ground or chopped filling usually includes pork and is sometimes mixed with other meats, including local game, such as rabbit, pheasant, or moose. It is

  • pâté de foie gras (European cuisine)
  • pâté en croûte (French cuisine)

    pâté: …pastry, and served cold; and pâté en croûte, a meat, game, or fish filling cooked in a crust and served hot or cold. It is from pâté en terrine, more properly abbreviated terrine, that the pâté of British and American usage derives.

  • pâté en terrine (French cuisine)

    pâté: …other distinct preparations: pâté en terrine, a meat, game, or fish mixture wrapped in suet or other animal fat or lining and cooked in a deep oval or oblong dish, without pastry, and served cold; and pâté en croûte, a meat, game, or fish filling cooked in a crust and…

  • pâte feuilletée (food)

    pastry: …extreme of flaky pastry is pâte feuilletée, which is formed by folding and refolding a butter-filled pastry to form hundreds of layers of flour and butter that rise in the oven to 12 times the height of the uncooked pastry. A yeast dough is layered with butter in a similar…

  • pâte-de-riz (glass)

    opaline glass: …of crystal, semicrystal, glass, and pâte-de-riz (glass made by firing glass powder in a mold), the latter a Bohemian innovation. Sky blue—a colour invented in Bohemia in 1835—was copied at Baccarat and Saint-Louis about 1843; the glass used was generally pâte-de-riz. Ultramarine blue was most frequently used between 1845 and…

  • pâte-sur-pâte (pottery)

    Pâte-sur-pâte, (French: “paste on paste”), method of porcelain decoration in which a relief design is created on an unfired, unglazed body by applying successive layers of white slip (liquid clay) with a brush. The technique was first employed by the Chinese in the 18th century. It was introduced

  • Pategi (Nigeria)

    Pategi, town, Kwara state, west-central Nigeria. It lies on the south bank of the Niger River opposite the town of Mureji and the mouth of the Kaduna River. Founded in the late 16th century by the king of the Nupe peoples, the town, the name of which means “small hill,” became the capital of the

  • Patel, Bhikaiji (Indian activist)

    Bhikaiji Cama, Indian political activist and advocate for women’s rights who had the unique distinction of unfurling the first version of the Indian national flag—a tricolour of green, saffron, and red stripes—at the International Socialist Congress held at Stuttgart, Germany, in 1907. Born to an

  • Patel, Dev (British actor)

    Slumdog Millionaire: …opens, Jamal Malik (played by Dev Patel) is being tortured in a police station in Mumbai. The 18-year-old orphan, who grew up in Mumbai’s slums and works as a chai wallah (tea server) in a call centre, is one question away from winning the grand prize on the next episode…

  • Patel, Keshubhai (Indian politician)

    Narendra Modi: Political ascent and term as chief minister of Gujarat: …chief minister, fellow BJP member Keshubhai Patel, after Patel had been held responsible for the state government’s poor response in the aftermath of the massive Bhuj earthquake in Gujarat earlier that year that killed more than 20,000 people. Modi entered his first-ever electoral contest in a February 2002 by-election that…

  • Patel, Marilyn Hall (American jurist)

    Bernstein v. the U.S. Department of State: Ninth Circuit District Court Judge Marilyn Hall Patel ruled in the instructor’s favour in 1996, citing First Amendment grounds to declare that free-speech rights protected the software’s source code.

  • Patel, Priti (British politician)

    Theresa May: Cabinet resignations: …earlier in his career, and Priti Patel, the international development secretary, resigned after it was revealed that she had held unauthorized meetings with Israeli politicians. In December, Damian Green, the first secretary of state, quit his position as a consequence of allegations that he had downloaded pornography onto his House…

  • Patel, Vallabhbhai (Indian statesman)

    Vallabhbhai Patel, Indian barrister and statesman, one of the leaders of the Indian National Congress during the struggle for Indian independence. During the first three years of Indian independence after 1947, he served as deputy prime minister, minister of home affairs, minister of information,

  • Patel, Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai (Indian statesman)

    Vallabhbhai Patel, Indian barrister and statesman, one of the leaders of the Indian National Congress during the struggle for Indian independence. During the first three years of Indian independence after 1947, he served as deputy prime minister, minister of home affairs, minister of information,

  • patella (bone)

    knee: …the femur; the kneecap, or patella, rests upon the ends of the femur and serves to prevent the tibia from moving too far forward when the leg is bent. The articulating (meeting) surfaces of the femur and tibia condyles are very smooth and are separated by a slight gap. The…

  • Patellacea (gastropod superfamily)

    gastropod: Classification: Superfamily Patellacea (Docoglossa) Conical-shelled limpets, without slits or holes, found in rocky shallow waters (Acmaeidae and Patellidae). Superfamily Trochacea Small to large spiral shells in shallow to deep ocean waters, often brightly coloured, with or without heavy shell ornamentation; Trochidae

  • patellar reflex (medical test)

    Knee-jerk reflex, sudden kicking movement of the lower leg in response to a sharp tap on the patellar tendon, which lies just below the kneecap. One of the several positions that a subject may take for the test is to sit with knees bent and with one leg crossed over the other so that the upper foot

  • Patellariales (order of fungi)

    fungus: Annotated classification: Order Patellariales (incertae sedis; not placed in any subclass) Parasitic and saprotrophic; flask-shaped (perithecium-like) fruiting bodies; example genus is Patellaria. Order Trypetheliales (incertae sedis; not placed in any subclass) Forms lichen; most have hyaline ascospores. Class

  • Patellidae (gastropod family)

    gastropod: Classification: …rocky shallow waters (Acmaeidae and Patellidae). Superfamily Trochacea Small to large spiral shells in shallow to deep ocean waters, often brightly coloured, with or without heavy shell ornamentation; Trochidae (top shells), Turbinidae (turban shells), and Phasianellidae (pheasant shells).

  • Patelliformia (gastropod superfamily)

    gastropod: Classification: ) Superfamily Patelliformia Brackish water or marine limpets with (Siphonariidae) gill-like structures or with a lung (Gadinidae). Superfamily Amphibolacea Operculum present; shell conical; with pulmonary cavity; brackish water; burrow in sand; 1 family. Superfamily

  • Pateman, Carole (political scientist and educator)

    Carole Pateman, British political scientist and educator known for her contribution to democratic theory and feminist political theory. After leaving school at 16 years of age and working in lesser clerical positions, Pateman decided to complete her education and entered Ruskin College in Oxford

  • Patenier, Joachim de (Flemish painter)

    Joachim Patinir, Flemish painter, the first Western artist known to have specialized in landscape painting. Little is known of his early life, but his work reflects an early knowledge of the painting of Gerard David, the last of the Early Netherlandish painters. He may have studied under Hiëronymus

  • patent (law)

    Patent, a government grant to an inventor of the right to exclude others from making, using, or selling an invention, usually for a limited period. Patents are granted for new and useful machines, manufactured products, and industrial processes and for significant improvements of existing ones.

  • patent anchor (nautical device)

    anchor: The stockless anchor (Figure 2), which was patented in England in 1821, came into wide use principally because of its ease of handling and stowing. The crown, arms, and flukes of a stockless anchor are cast in one piece and can pivot slightly from side to…

  • Patent Cooperation Treaty (1970)

    patent: The 1970 Patent Cooperation Treaty simplified the filing of patent applications on the same invention in different countries by providing centralized filing procedures and a standardized application format. The European Patent Convention, which was implemented in 1977, created a European Patent Office that can issue a European…

  • patent ductus arteriosus (pathology)

    Patent ductus arteriosus, congenital heart defect characterized by the persistence of the ductus arteriosus, a channel that shunts blood between the pulmonary artery and the aorta. Normally, after birth the pulmonary artery carries blood depleted of oxygen and laden with carbon dioxide from the

  • patent flour

    cereal processing: Milling: …the mill, is often called patent flour. It has very low mineral (or ash) content and is remarkably free from traces of branny specks and other impurities. The bulk of the approximately 72 percent released is suited to most bread-making purposes, but special varieties are needed for some confectionery purposes.…

  • patent law (law)

    Patent, a government grant to an inventor of the right to exclude others from making, using, or selling an invention, usually for a limited period. Patents are granted for new and useful machines, manufactured products, and industrial processes and for significant improvements of existing ones.

  • patent leather

    shoe: Materials: Patent leather, usually made from cattle hide, is given a hard, glossy surface finish. Suede is made from any of several leathers (calf, kid, or cattle hide) by buffing the inner surface to produce a napped finish.

  • patent log (navigational instrument)

    navigation: Distance and speed measurements: …Humphry Cole, invented the so-called patent log, in which a vaned rotor was towed from the stern, and its revolutions were counted on a register. Logs of this kind did not become common until the mid-19th century, when the register was mounted on the aft rail, where it could be…

  • Patent Office Building (building, Washington, District of Columbia, United States)

    National Portrait Gallery: …building, now known as the Donald W. Reynolds Center for American Art and Portraiture, reopened in 2006 after undergoing renovations to emphasize its strongest architectural features, including porticos, vaulted ceilings, and a curving double staircase.

  • patent sail

    energy conversion: Windmills: These so-called patent sails, however, found acceptance only in England and northern Europe.

  • patent theatre (English theatre)

    Patent theatre, any of several London theatres that, through government licensing, held a monopoly on legitimate dramatic production there between 1660 and 1843. In reopening the theatres that had been closed by the Puritans, Charles II issued Letters Patent to Thomas Killigrew and William

  • patent troll (business)

    Patent troll, pejorative term for a company, found most often in the American information technology industry, that uses a portfolio of patents not to produce products but solely to collect licensing fees or settlements on patent infringement from other companies. The term patent troll arose in the

  • patent-note hymnal (music)

    Shape-note hymnal, American hymnal incorporating many folk hymns and utilizing a special musical notation. The seven-note scale was sung not to the syllables do–re–mi–fa–sol–la–ti but to a four-syllable system carried with them by early English colonists: fa–sol–la–fa–sol–la–mi. Differently s

  • Patents and Designs Act (United Kingdom [1907])

    David Lloyd George: Early life: …on newly constructed ships; the Patents and Designs Act (1907), preventing foreign exploitation of British inventions; and the Port of London Act (1908), setting up the Port of London Authority. He also earned a high reputation by his patient work in settling strikes. He suffered a cruel bereavement in November…

  • pater (kinship)

    parent: …a biological father, and a “pater” is a social one.

  • pater (Mithraism)

    Mithraism: Worship, practices, and institutions: …of (and to) the Sun; pater, Father. To each rank belonged a particular mask (Raven, Persian, Lion) or dress (Bridegroom). The rising of the Mithraist in grade prefigured the ascent of the soul after death. The series of the seven initiations seems to have been enacted by passing through seven…

  • Pater Noster (Christianity)

    Lord’s Prayer, Christian prayer that, according to tradition, was taught by Jesus to his disciples. It appears in two forms in the New Testament: the shorter version in the Gospel According to Luke 11:2–4 and the longer version, part of the Sermon on the Mount, in the Gospel According to Matthew

  • pater patratus (ancient Roman priest)

    fetial: Another member, called the pater patratus, served as the group’s representative. Upon reaching the border of the offending state, the pater patratus first announced his mission and addressed a prayer to Jupiter in which he affirmed the justness of his errand. Crossing the border, he repeated the same form…

  • pater patriae (ancient Roman title)

    Pater patriae, (Latin: “father of the Fatherland”) in ancient Rome, a title originally accorded (in the form parens urbis Romanae, or “parent of the Roman city”) to Romulus, Rome’s legendary founder. It was next accorded to Marcus Furius Camillus, who led the city’s recovery after its capture by

  • Pater, Walter (English author)

    Walter Pater, English critic, essayist, and humanist whose advocacy of “art for art’s sake” became a cardinal doctrine of the movement known as Aestheticism. Pater was educated at King’s School, Canterbury, and at Queen’s College, Oxford, where he studied Greek philosophy under Benjamin Jowett. He

  • Pater, Walter Horatio (English author)

    Walter Pater, English critic, essayist, and humanist whose advocacy of “art for art’s sake” became a cardinal doctrine of the movement known as Aestheticism. Pater was educated at King’s School, Canterbury, and at Queen’s College, Oxford, where he studied Greek philosophy under Benjamin Jowett. He

  • Patera, Jack (American football player and coach)

    Seattle Seahawks: …in 1978, earning head coach Jack Patera NFL Coach of the Year honours. The early Seahawks teams were led by quarterback Jim Zorn, running back Curt Warner, and wide receiver Steve Largent, who retired as the NFL’s all-time leading receiver and in 1995 was the first Seahawk inducted into the…

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