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  • Pasión según San Marcos, La (work by Golijov)

    Osvaldo Golijov: …2000 Golijov received acclaim for La Pasión según San Marcos, a Latin American setting of the Passion commissioned by the Bach Academy in Stuttgart, Ger., to commemorate the 250th anniversary of Johann Sebastian Bach’s death. Upshaw sang and recorded Ayre (2004), a cycle that included Arab, Hebrew, and Spanish songs,…

  • Pasionaria, La (Spanish political leader)

    Dolores Ibárruri, Spanish Communist leader, who earned a legendary reputation as an impassioned orator during the Spanish Civil War, coining the Republican battle cry, “No pasarán! ” (“They shall not pass!”). Born the eighth of 11 children of a Viscayan miner, Ibárruri was compelled by poverty to

  • Pasiphae (Greek mythology)

    Minotaur: It was the offspring of Pasiphae, the wife of Minos, and a snow-white bull sent to Minos by the god Poseidon for sacrifice. Minos, instead of sacrificing it, kept it alive; Poseidon as a punishment made Pasiphae fall in love with it. Her child by the bull was shut up…

  • Pasiphae (astronomy)

    Jupiter: Other satellites: group—made up of Ananke, Carme, Pasiphae, and Sinope— has retrograde orbits around Jupiter. The closer group—Leda, Himalia, Lysithea, and Elara—has prograde orbits. (In the case of these moons, retrograde motion is in the direction opposite to Jupiter’s spin and motion around the Sun, which are counterclockwise as viewed

  • Pasiteles (Greek sculptor)

    Pasiteles, Greek sculptor notable for having written a book, in five volumes, about works of art throughout the world. None of Pasiteles’ own sculpture has survived. Little is known about Pasiteles. He was born in a Greek city in southern Italy and became a Roman citizen in 90/89. He made an ivory

  • Pasithea (Greek mythology)

    Hypnos: …his services, Hypnos is given Pasithea, one of the Graces, to wed. In Book XVI of the Iliad, Hypnos and Thanatos carry the body of Sarpedon home to Lycia after he is slain by Patroclus, a scene depicted in the 6th century bc by the Greek artist Euphronius and others.

  • Paskalis, Kostas (Greek singer)

    Kostas Paskalis, Greek operatic baritone (born Sept. 1, 1929 , Levadeia, Greece—died Feb. 9, 2007, Athens, Greece)), was admired for his vocal artistry, acting skills, and compelling stage presence, especially in Giuseppe Verdi operas. Paskalis made his principal debut with the Greek National Opera

  • Paskevich, Ivan Fyodorovich, Graf Yerevansky, Knyaz Varshchavsky (Russian military officer)

    Ivan Fyodorovich Paskevich, military officer and administrator in the Russian government who suppressed the Polish insurrection of 1830–31. Having entered the Russian Army through the imperial institution for pages in 1800, Paskevich gained combat experience fighting against the Turks (1806–12) and

  • Pasmore (novel by Storey)

    David Storey: …power in a homosexual relationship; Pasmore (1972), on the regeneration of a man who had given himself up for lost; and Saville (1976, Booker Prize), an autobiographical account of the breaking away of a coal miner’s son from village life. Later novels include A Prodigal Child (1982), Present Times (1984),…

  • PASO (international organization)

    Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), organization founded in December 1902 to improve health conditions in North and South America. The organization, which is headquartered in Washington, D.C., is the oldest international health agency in the world and was the first international organization

  • paso de brabante (dance)

    Saltarello, medieval and Renaissance court dance and a folk dance of present-day Rome. In the 14th century the saltarello followed the estampie as an afterdance; a few examples survive in manuscript. In the 15th century it followed the basse danse and was sometimes called paso de brabante. It was

  • paso doble (music and dance)

    bullfighting: Act one: …a spirited bullring march (paso doble); many pasos dobles have been written in honour of and named after famous matadors. The spectacle begins with a trumpeter blowing a fanfare and the opening of a large gate at one end of the arena. One or two mounted bailiffs (alguaciles) in…

  • Paso, Fernando del (Mexican author and artist)

    Fernando del Paso, Mexican novelist and artist known for his long, experimental, often humorous novels covering the breadth and history of Mexican culture. After studying biology and economics at the National University of Mexico, del Paso published Sonetos de lo diario (1958; “Everyday Sonnets”).

  • Pasoeroean (Indonesia)

    Pasuruan, city, East Java (Jawa Timur) propinsi (or provinsi; province), Java, Indonesia. It is situated on Madura Strait. The Dutch first established a fort at Pasuruan in 1707. It was the capital of a residency from 1811 to 1934, which, by transferring to Malang in 1934, precipitated the

  • PASOK (political party, Greece)

    Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK), social democratic political party in Greece. The Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK) was founded in 1974 as a radical Marxist-inspired party that called for the dissolution of the country’s military alliances and for tighter government regulation of the

  • Pasolini, Pier Paolo (Italian author and director)

    Pier Paolo Pasolini, Italian motion-picture director, poet, and novelist, noted for his socially critical, stylistically unorthodox films. The son of an Italian army officer, Pasolini was educated in schools of the various cities of northern Italy where his father was successively posted. He

  • pasos perdidos, Los (work by Carpentier y Valmont)

    Alejo Carpentier: …novel Los pasos perdidos (1953; The Lost Steps), his best-known work, is the first-person account of a character who travels to the Orinoco jungle in search of the meaning of life and the origins of time.

  • Paspalum (plant genus)

    Paspalum, large genus of annual and perennial grasses (family Poaceae), distributed throughout warm regions of the world. Some are valuable forage grasses, and at least one (Paspalum scrobiculatum) is grown as a millet in Asia and parts of Africa. Several plants are considered invasive species in

  • Paspalum dilatatum (plant)

    Paspalum: Dallis grass (P. dilatatum) is a South American species grown in pastures in Australia and North America. Vasey grass (P. urvillei) is grown as hay in its native South America but is considered a noxious weed elsewhere. Water couch, or knotgrass (P. distichum), forms large…

  • Paspalum distichum (plant)

    Paspalum: Water couch, or knotgrass (P. distichum), forms large flat mats along shores and in ditches in North and South America and Europe; it is used as a lawn grass in Australia.

  • Paspalum scrobiculatum (plant)

    Paspalum: …and at least one (Paspalum scrobiculatum) is grown as a millet in Asia and parts of Africa. Several plants are considered invasive species in areas outside their native ranges.

  • Paspalum urvillei (grass)

    Paspalum: Vasey grass (P. urvillei) is grown as hay in its native South America but is considered a noxious weed elsewhere. Water couch, or knotgrass (P. distichum), forms large flat mats along shores and in ditches in North and South America and Europe; it is used…

  • paspy (dance)

    Passepied, (French: “passing feet”) lively dance of Brittany adopted c. 1650 by French and English aristocrats, who, during the century of its popularity, frequently danced it dressed as shepherds and shepherdesses. As a court dance the passepied lost its original chain formations and became, like

  • Pasqua, Charles (French politician)

    Charles Pasqua, French businessman and politician who served as interior minister of France (1986–88; 1993–95). Pasqua was born to Corsican parents. His father, a policeman, was a member of the Resistance during World War II, as was an uncle who was deported by the Nazis in 1942. By age 15 Pasqua

  • Pasqualino settebellezze (film by Wertmüller [1975])

    Lina Wertmüller: …island, and Pasqualino settebellezze (1975; Seven Beauties), a film about an Italian dandy who must betray all moral values while trying to survive World War II and his internment in a Nazi death camp. For the latter, Wertmüller made history with her Academy Award nomination for best director. She also…

  • Pasqualis, Martinez (founder of Martinism)

    illuminati: Later illuminati: …Martinists, founded in 1754 by Martinez Pasqualis and propagated by Louis-Claude de Saint-Martin. By 1790 Martinism had been spread to Russia by Johann Georg Schwarz and Nikolay Novikov. Both strains of “illuminated” Martinism included elements of Kabbalism and Christian mysticism, imbibing ideas from

  • pasqueflower (plant)

    Anemone, (genus Anemone), any of more than 100 species of perennial plants in the buttercup family (Ranunculaceae). Many colourful varieties of the tuberous poppylike anemone, A. coronaria, are grown for the garden and florist’s trade. Popular spring-flowering anemones, especially for naturalizing,

  • Pasquier (work by Duhamel)

    Georges Duhamel: In the Pasquier cycle, Duhamel relates the history of a French middle-class family from the 1880s to the 1920s. In this work, critics have found his gifts of humour, sympathy, and observation particularly apparent. Duhamel became a member of the Académie Française in 1935.

  • Pasquier, Étienne (French author and lawyer)

    Étienne Pasquier, French lawyer and man of letters who is known for his Recherches de la France, 10 vol. (1560–1621), which is not only encyclopaedic but also an important work of historical scholarship. Pasquier studied under the great Humanist legal scholars François Hotman, Jacques Cujas, and

  • Pasquier, Étienne, duc de (French statesman)

    Étienne, duc de Pasquier, French statesman who was the last chancellor of France. A descendant of the celebrated 16th-century lawyer and man of letters Étienne Pasquier, he became a counsellor in the Paris Parlement in 1787. During the Revolution his father, also a counsellor, was guillotined, and

  • Pasquier, Étienne-Denis, duc de (French statesman)

    Étienne, duc de Pasquier, French statesman who was the last chancellor of France. A descendant of the celebrated 16th-century lawyer and man of letters Étienne Pasquier, he became a counsellor in the Paris Parlement in 1787. During the Revolution his father, also a counsellor, was guillotined, and

  • pasquinade (literary genre)

    Pasquinade, brief and generally anonymous satirical comment in prose or verse that ridicules a contemporary leader or national event. Pasquinade is derived from “Pasquino,” the popular name for the remains of an ancient Roman statue unearthed in Rome in 1501. “Pasquino,” supposedly named after a

  • pass (sports)

    basketball: Pass: Throwing, batting, or rolling the ball to another player. The main types are (1) the chest pass, in which the ball is released from a position in front of the chest, (2) the bounce pass, in which the ball is bounced on the floor to…

  • Pass Catcher (racehorse)

    Canonero II: …stretch and gave way to Pass Catcher, the eventual winner. Canonero II finished in fourth place, nearly five lengths behind the winner. He ran eight races after the Belmont but won only once. Canonero II died in 1981.

  • Pass Christian (Mississippi, United States)

    Pass Christian, city, Harrison county, southern Mississippi, U.S., just west-southwest of Gulfport, on Mississippi Sound (an embayment of the Gulf of Mexico). It is named for the nearby deepwater channel known as Christian’s Pass, which runs through the sound along the Gulf Coast, supposedly

  • Pass Christian, Battle of (War of 1812)

    Bay Saint Louis: …the British known as the Battle of Pass Christian. In the late 20th century, casino gambling fueled the growth of the city, significantly increasing tourism’s importance to the local economy. Bay Saint Louis, along with most of Hancock county, sustained severe storm damage in 2005 from Hurricane Katrina; the neighbouring…

  • pass law (South African law)

    apartheid: …government strengthened the existing “pass” laws, which required nonwhites to carry documents authorizing their presence in restricted areas. Other laws forbade most social contacts between the races, authorized segregated public facilities, established separate educational standards, restricted each race to certain types of jobs, curtailed nonwhite labour unions, and denied…

  • Pass, Joe (American musician)

    Joe Pass, (JOSEPH ANTHONY JACOBI PASSALAQUA), U.S. guitarist (born Jan. 13, 1929, New Brunswick, N.J.—died May 23, 1994, Los Angeles, Calif.), was a technically skilled jazz virtuoso who overcame drug addiction to become an internationally renowned sideman, performing with such jazz greats as O

  • passacaglia (musical form and dance)

    Passacaglia, (Italian, from Spanish passacalle, or pasacalle: “street song”), musical form of continuous variation in 34 time; and a courtly dance. The dance, as it first appeared in 17th-century Spain, was of unsavoury reputation and possibly quite fiery. In the French theatre of the 17th and 18th

  • Passacaglia (work by Webern)

    Anton Webern: Life and works: …of Richard Dehmel, the orchestral Passacaglia (1908), and the choral canon Entflieht auf leichten Kähnen (1908). These still adhere to traditional tonality, but, with the Stefan George songs (1908–09), Webern entered the realm of music no longer based on a fixed tonal centre.

  • Passacaglia and Fugue in C Minor (work by Bach)

    Dietrich Buxtehude: Bach’s Passacaglia in C Minor is indebted. The preludes are usually brief, and, with one exception, they are unlike Bach’s in having no thematic connection with the fugues that follow them. Most of the harpsichord music has been lost.

  • Passacaglia in C Minor (work by Bach)

    Dietrich Buxtehude: Bach’s Passacaglia in C Minor is indebted. The preludes are usually brief, and, with one exception, they are unlike Bach’s in having no thematic connection with the fugues that follow them. Most of the harpsichord music has been lost.

  • passado e o presente, O (film by Oliveira [1972])

    Manoel de Oliveira: …from works by Portuguese writers: O passado e o presente (1972; “The Past and the Present”) from a play by Vicente Sanches; Benilde; ou, a Virgem Mãe (1975; “Benilde; or, The Virgin Mother”) from a play by José Régio; Amor de perdição (originally presented as a TV miniseries, 1978; “Doomed…

  • passage (horsemanship)

    horsemanship: Dressage: …the impulse being upward; the passage, high-stepping trot in which the impulse is more upward than forward; the levade, in which the horse stands balanced on its hindlegs, its forelegs drawn in; the courvet, which is a jump forward in the levade position; and the croupade, ballotade, and capriole, a…

  • Passage de la Vierge à la Mariée, Le (painting by Duchamp)

    Marcel Duchamp: Farewell to art: Some of these, notably Le Passage de la Vierge à la Mariée and Mariée, both done in Munich, are among the finest works of the period. Again they were neither Cubist, nor Futurist, nor Abstract, but they expressed Duchamp’s typical vision of the body perceived in its inmost impulses.

  • passage grave (archaeology)

    megalith: …from the dolmen: one, the passage grave, was formed by the addition of a long stone-roofed entrance passage to the dolmen itself; and the other, the long, coffinlike cist or covered gallery grave, consisted of a long, rectangular burial chamber with no distinct passageway. Hybrid versions have also been discovered,…

  • passage rite

    Rite of passage, ceremonial event, existing in all historically known societies, that marks the passage from one social or religious status to another. This article describes these rites among various societies throughout the world, giving greatest attention to the most common types of rites;

  • Passage to India, A (novel by Forster)

    A Passage to India, novel by E.M. Forster published in 1924 and considered one of the author’s finest works. The novel examines racism and colonialism as well as a theme Forster developed in many earlier works, namely, the need to maintain both ties to the earth and a cerebral life of the

  • Passage to India, A (film by Lean [1984])

    David Lean: His last film, A Passage to India (1984), based on the E.M. Forster novel, was regarded as his best work since Lawrence of Arabia. Lean was knighted by Queen Elizabeth that year, and in 1990 he was awarded the American Film Institute’s Lifetime Achievement Award. At the time…

  • passage tomb (megalithic tomb)

    Ireland: Neolithic Period: …the Irish Neolithic is the passage tomb. This megalithic tomb, unlike the long-barrow types, is set in a round mound, sited usually on a hilltop and grouped in cemeteries. The rich grave goods of these tombs include beads, pendants, and bone pins. Many of the stones of the tombs are…

  • passage, right of (law)

    property law: Private land-use control: servitudes: The classic case is the right-of-way, whereby an owner agrees to allow a neighbour to cross his land in order to allow the neighbour to reach his own land. What distinguishes the right-of-way and similar interests from the myriad types of enforceable agreements not to sue is that the right-of-way…

  • Passage, The (novel by Palmer)

    Vance Palmer: Of his novels, The Passage (1930), set in the Caloundra area of Queensland, is considered the best. It describes the life of a family and the subtle links between its members and their environment. Golconda (1948) describes the conflict between miners and management in the Mount Isa area…

  • passager (hawk)

    falconry: Terms and equipment: …the wild is called a passager, and a hawk trapped in its adult plumage is termed a haggard. The female peregrine falcon is properly called a falcon, and the male—which, in common with most species of raptors, is smaller than the female—is known as a tiercel. Indoor housing for hawks…

  • Passaic (county, New Jersey, United States)

    Passaic, county, northeastern New Jersey, U.S., bordered by New York state to the north and the Pequannock and Pompton rivers to the south; the Passaic River, which crosses the southeastern portion of the county, forms part of the southern and eastern borders. The terrain of the rural northwestern

  • Passaic (New Jersey, United States)

    Passaic, city, Passaic county, northeastern New Jersey, U.S., on the Passaic River, 9 miles (14 km) north of Newark. It was established by the Dutch in 1678 as a fur-trading post. In 1685 Hartman Michielson purchased the site, then called Acquackanonk, from the Delaware Indians. It was renamed for

  • Passaic River (river, New Jersey, United States)

    Passaic River, river, rising near Morristown, southeastern Morris county, northeastern New Jersey, U.S. It flows south past Millington, then north and east to Paterson and its Great Falls (70 feet [21 metres] high), at which point it turns south and east past Passaic and Newark and into Newark Bay.

  • Passalaqua, Joseph Anthony Jacobi (American musician)

    Joe Pass, (JOSEPH ANTHONY JACOBI PASSALAQUA), U.S. guitarist (born Jan. 13, 1929, New Brunswick, N.J.—died May 23, 1994, Los Angeles, Calif.), was a technically skilled jazz virtuoso who overcame drug addiction to become an internationally renowned sideman, performing with such jazz greats as O

  • Passalidae (insect)

    Bess beetle, (family Passalidae), any of approximately 500 species of beetles (insect order Coleoptera) mostly found in the tropics, with a few species found in North America. They are characterized by their large size, ranging between 30 and 40 mm (1.2 and 1.6 inches) in length. Because of their

  • Passamaquoddy (people)

    Passamaquoddy, Algonquian-speaking North American Indians who lived on Passamaquoddy Bay, the St. Croix River, and Schoodic Lake on the boundary between what are now Maine, U.S., and New Brunswick, Can. At the time of European contact, the Passamaquoddy belonged to the Abenaki Confederacy, and

  • Passamaquoddy Bay (bay, Atlantic Ocean)

    Passamaquoddy Bay, inlet of the Bay of Fundy (Atlantic Ocean), between southwestern New Brunswick, Can., and southeastern Maine, U.S., at the mouth of the St. Croix River. Deer Island and Campobello Island are in its southern part. The bay has an immense tidal flow, with about 70,000,000,000 cu ft

  • Passandridae (insect family)

    coleopteran: Annotated classification: Family Passandridae Few species; mostly in warm climates. Family Phalacridae (shining flower beetles) Larvae develop in certain flower heads (e.g., goldenrod), about 500 species; widely distributed; example Olibrus. Family Propalticidae

  • Passaneto family (Italian family)

    Italy: The southern kingdoms and the Papal States: Passaneto—men so powerful that contemporaries described them as “semi-kings,” having below them some 200 lesser, poor, and violent vassals. In these years, with an economy dominated largely by Catalan merchants, Sicily looked to Aragon (which in 1326 had also gained control of the island of…

  • Passant, Le (play by Coppée)

    Sarah Bernhardt: Early life and training: …François Coppée’s one-act verse play Le Passant (“The Passerby”)—a part that she played again in a command performance before Napoleon III.

  • Passarge, Siegfried (German geographer and geomorphologist)

    Siegfried Passarge, geographer and geomorphologist known for his studies of southern Africa. A professor at Breslau and Hamburg universities (1908–35), Passarge studied the climate and physical morphology of Africa. He wrote Die Kalahari (1904), Südafrika (1908), Physiologische Morphologie (1912),

  • Passarowitz, Peace of (Europe [1718])

    Treaty of Passarowitz, (July 21, 1718), pact signed at the conclusion of the Austro-Turkish (1716–18) and Venetian-Turkish (1716–18) wars at Passarowitz (now Požerevac, Serb.). By its terms the Ottoman Empire lost substantial territories in the Balkans to Austria, thus marking the end of Ottoman

  • Passarowitz, Treaty of (Europe [1718])

    Treaty of Passarowitz, (July 21, 1718), pact signed at the conclusion of the Austro-Turkish (1716–18) and Venetian-Turkish (1716–18) wars at Passarowitz (now Požerevac, Serb.). By its terms the Ottoman Empire lost substantial territories in the Balkans to Austria, thus marking the end of Ottoman

  • Passau (Germany)

    Passau, city, Bavaria Land (state), southeastern Germany. It lies at the confluence of the Danube, Inn, and Ilz rivers, on the Austrian border. Originally the Celtic settlement of Bojodurum, it was later the site of a Roman camp, Castra Batava, and was made an episcopal see in 739. The bishops

  • Passavanti, Jacopo (Italian author)

    Italian literature: Religious and historical literature: …author of religious literature was Jacopo Passavanti, whose Specchio di vera penitenza (“The Mirror of True Penitence”) is a collection of sermons preached in 1354. Less polished but of greater literary value are the translations of Latin legends concerning St. Francis and his followers collected in the anonymous Fioretti di…

  • Passchendaele, Battle of (World War I [1917])

    Battle of Passchendaele, (July 31–November 6, 1917), World War I battle that served as a vivid symbol of the mud, madness, and senseless slaughter of the Western Front. The third and longest battle to take place at the Belgian city of Ypres, Passchendaele was ostensibly an Allied victory, but it

  • Passe Crassane (fruit)

    pear: varieties include Curato, Coscia, and Passe Crassane, the latter also being popular in France. In Asian countries the pear crop comprises primarily local varieties of native species, such as the Asian, or Chinese, pear (P. pyrifolia).

  • Passé simple, Le (work by Chraïbi)

    Driss Chraïbi: His first novel—Le Passé simple (1954; “Simple Past”), published shortly before the outbreak of hostilities in Algeria—is a powerful, bitter, ironic cry of revolt against oppressive traditionalism. Les Boucs (1955; The Butts) shifted the author’s accusatory finger from a paternalistic Islamic formalism to the oppressed condition of…

  • Passé, Le (play by Porto-Riche)

    Georges de Porto-Riche: …his best plays, Amoureuse (1891), Le Passé (1897), and Le Vieil Homme (1911), all of which examine the eternal triangle of the wife, the husband, and the lover. The so-called théâtre d’amour that Porto-Riche innovated was highly influential and was much imitated for some years. He was elected to the…

  • Passe, Simon van de (Flemish engraver)

    medal: The Netherlands: Simon van de Passe produced similar work and went to London, where he created a series of Tudor and Stuart portraits.

  • passed ball (baseball)

    baseball: The scorecard: …to catch it) or a passed ball (a pitch that should have been handled by the catcher). Members of the media and fans often choose to keep score of the game also. Official scorers and media professionals use detailed forms to record every pitch. Fans, who typically buy a simple…

  • passenger car (railroad vehicle)

    railroad: Passenger cars: The first passenger cars were simply road coaches with flanged wheels. Almost from the beginning, railroads in the United States began to use longer, eight-wheel cars riding on two four-wheel trucks. In Britain and Europe, however, cars with more than six wheels were…

  • passenger carrier (ship)

    ship: Passenger carriers: Most passenger ships fall into two subclasses, cruise ships and ferries.

  • passenger pigeon (extinct bird)

    Passenger pigeon, (Ectopistes migratorius), migratory bird hunted to extinction by humans. Billions of these birds inhabited eastern North America in the early 1800s; migrating flocks darkened the skies for days. As settlers pressed westward, however, passenger pigeons were slaughtered by the

  • passenger ship

    ship: Cruise ships: Cruise ships are descended from the transatlantic ocean liners, which, since the mid-20th century, have found their services preempted by jet aircraft. Indeed, even into the 1990s some cruise ships were liners built in the 1950s and ’60s that had been adapted to…

  • passenger terminal (aviation)

    airport: Passenger terminal layout and design: As passenger throughput at airports increases, the passenger terminal becomes a more important element of the airport, attaining a dominant status in the largest facilities. The passenger terminal may amount to less than 10 percent of the total…

  • passenger transportation

    airport: Passenger requirements: As passenger throughput at airports increases, the passenger terminal becomes a more important element of the airport, attaining a dominant status in the largest facilities. The passenger terminal may amount to less than 10 percent of the total investment in a small airport,…

  • Passengers (film by Tyldum [2016])

    Jennifer Lawrence: …credit was the sci-fi romance Passengers, in which she played a writer who was among 5,000 hibernating intergalactic travelers heading to another planet. In 2017 Lawrence starred in the psychological thriller Mother! as the second wife of a famous poet, whose peaceful life in a secluded mansion is disrupted by…

  • Passepa writing system

    Indic writing systems: …inhabitants of Sikkim, India—and the Passepa writing system of the Chinese Imperial chancery under the Yuan dynasty (1206–1368); the Passepa system is no longer in use.

  • passepied (dance)

    Passepied, (French: “passing feet”) lively dance of Brittany adopted c. 1650 by French and English aristocrats, who, during the century of its popularity, frequently danced it dressed as shepherds and shepherdesses. As a court dance the passepied lost its original chain formations and became, like

  • passer (gambling)

    dice: Cheating with dice: Loaded dice (called tappers, missouts, passers, floppers, cappers, or spot loaders, depending on how and where extra weight has been applied) may prove to be perfect cubes when measured with calipers, but extra weight just below the surface on some sides will make the opposite…

  • Passer domesticus (bird)

    House sparrow, (Passer domesticus), one of the world’s best-known and most abundant small birds, sometimes classified in the family Passeridae (order Passeriformes). It lives in towns and on farms, worldwide, having accompanied Europeans from its original home—most of Eurasia and northern Africa.

  • Passerat, Jean (French poet)

    Jean Passerat, French poet who composed elegant and tender verse and was one of the contributors to the “Satire Ménippée,” the manifesto of the moderate Royalist party in support of Henry of Navarre’s claim to the throne. Passerat studied at the University of Paris, became a teacher at the Collège

  • Passerculus sandwichensis (bird)

    sparrow: …birds with reddish-brown caps; the savanna sparrow (Passerculus sandwichensis) and the vesper sparrow (Pooecetes gramineus), finely streaked birds of grassy fields; the song sparrow (Melospiza melodia) and the fox sparrow (Passerella iliaca), heavily streaked skulkers in woodlands; and the white-crowned sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys) and

  • Passerella iliaca (bird)

    sparrow: …sparrow (Melospiza melodia) and the fox sparrow (Passerella iliaca), heavily streaked skulkers in woodlands; and the white-crowned sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys) and the white-throated sparrow (Z. albicollis), larger species with black-and-white crown stripes. The rufous-collared sparrow (Z. capensis) has an exceptionally wide breeding distribution: from Mexico and Caribbean

  • Passeri

    Passeri, bird suborder (order Passeriformes) that includes all songbirds. Birds belonging to the suborder Passeri are also referred to as oscines. See

  • Passeri (bird)

    Songbird, any member of the suborder Passeri (or Oscines), of the order Passeriformes, including about 4,000 species—nearly half the world’s birds—in 35 to 55 families. Most cage birds belong to this group. Songbirds are alike in having the vocal organ highly developed, though not all use it to

  • Passeridae (bird family)

    Passeridae, sparrow weaver family of small gregarious birds, based on the genus Passer, the well-known sparrows. In this work these birds are classified as a subfamily (Passerinae) in the weaverfinch family (Ploceidae), order

  • passeriform (bird)

    Passeriform, (order Passeriformes), any member of the largest order of birds and the dominant avian group on Earth today. The passeriform birds are true perching birds, with four toes, three directed forward and one backward. Considered the most highly evolved of all birds, passerines have

  • Passeriformes (bird)

    Passeriform, (order Passeriformes), any member of the largest order of birds and the dominant avian group on Earth today. The passeriform birds are true perching birds, with four toes, three directed forward and one backward. Considered the most highly evolved of all birds, passerines have

  • Passerina (bird genus)

    bunting: …species in two other genera, Passerina and Plectrophenax. In some species, males are very brightly coloured.

  • Passerina ciris (bird)

    bunting: The painted bunting (P. ciris), native to the American Southeast, is sometimes called the “nonpareil” because of the male’s unrivaled colouring—indigo head and neck, scarlet breast, and lemon back.

  • Passerinae (bird subfamily)

    Passeridae: …classified as a subfamily (Passerinae) in the weaverfinch family (Ploceidae), order Passeriformes.

  • passerine (bird)

    Songbird, any member of the suborder Passeri (or Oscines), of the order Passeriformes, including about 4,000 species—nearly half the world’s birds—in 35 to 55 families. Most cage birds belong to this group. Songbirds are alike in having the vocal organ highly developed, though not all use it to

  • passerine (bird)

    Passeriform, (order Passeriformes), any member of the largest order of birds and the dominant avian group on Earth today. The passeriform birds are true perching birds, with four toes, three directed forward and one backward. Considered the most highly evolved of all birds, passerines have

  • Passetyme of Pleasure, The (poem by Hawes)

    Stephen Hawes: …is a long allegorical poem, The Passetyme of Pleasure, the chief theme of which is the education and pilgrimage through life of the knight Graunde Amoure. Completed in 1506, it was printed by Wynkyn de Worde in 1509. Another allegory by Hawes, The Example of Vertu, is simpler and shorter.…

  • Passfield of Passfield Corner, Sidney James Webb, Baron (British economist)

    Sidney and Beatrice Webb: Sidney Webb also helped reorganize the University of London into a federation of teaching institutions and served in the government as a Labour Party member. Pioneers in social and economic reforms as well as distinguished historians, the Webbs deeply affected social thought and institutions in…

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