• 0-9
  • a
  • b
  • c
  • d
  • e
  • f
  • g
  • h
  • i
  • j
  • k
  • l
  • m
  • n
  • o
  • p
  • q
  • r
  • s
  • t
  • u
  • v
  • w
  • x
  • y
  • z
  • potato beetle (insect)

    Potato beetle, (Lema trilineata), one of the most destructive potato beetles until the advent of the Colorado potato beetle (q.v.) in the 1850s. The potato beetle belongs to the subfamily Criocerinae of the leaf beetle family Chrysomelidae (order Coleoptera). About 6 mm (less than 0.25 inch) long,

  • potato blight (plant disease)

    Late blight, disease of potato and tomato plants that is caused by the water mold Phytophthora infestans. The disease occurs in humid regions with temperatures ranging between 4 and 29 °C (40 and 80 °F). Hot dry weather checks its spread. Potato or tomato plants that are infected may rot within two

  • potato bread (food)

    baking: Potato bread: Potato bread, another variety that can be leavened with a primary ferment, was formerly made with a sourdough utilizing the action of wild yeasts on a potato mash and producing the typical potato-bread flavour. It is now commonly prepared from a white bread…

  • potato bug (insect)

    Colorado potato beetle, (Leptinotarsa decemlineata), insect pest that attacks the leaves of potato plants. This leaf beetle belongs to the subfamily Chrysomelinae of the family Chrysomelidae (order Coleoptera). It is native to western North America and originally fed on buffalo bur, a wild plant of

  • Potato Eaters, The (painting by Gogh)

    Vincent van Gogh: The productive decade: , Weavers and The Potato Eaters. Eventually, however, he felt too isolated in Nuenen.

  • potato family (plant family)

    Solanaceae, the nightshade, or potato, family of flowering plants (order Solanales), with 102 genera and nearly 2,500 species, many of considerable economic importance as food and drug plants. Among the most important of those are potato (Solanum tuberosum); eggplant (S. melongena); tomato (S.

  • potato famine (European history)

    population: Modern mass migrations: …the failure of the potato crop in Ireland and in the lower Rhineland, where millions had become dependent upon this single source of nutrition. These flows eventually subsided, but in the 1880s a second and even larger wave of mass migration developed from eastern and southern Europe, again stimulated in…

  • potato flour (food)

    cereal processing: Starch from tubers: Potato flour is also produced in Germany and other countries, slices of cleaned potatoes being dried, ground, and sieved. In Germany a “potato sago” is produced. The starch cake obtained from the potatoes is crumbled to produce reasonably uniform-size particles that are rounded by tumbling…

  • potato leafhopper (insect)

    leafhopper: The potato leafhopper (Empoasca fabae) is a destructive potato pest that causes that plant’s leaves to turn brown and curl; the insect plugs the plant’s xylem and phloem vessels, thus interfering with the transportation of food products. Adult potato leafhoppers are green with white spots on…

  • potato order (plant order)

    Solanales, potato order of flowering plants, including five families with 165 genera and more than 4,080 species. Two of the families are large and contain some of the most highly cultivated plants: Solanaceae (nightshades) and Convolvulaceae (morning glories). Solanales belongs to the core asterid

  • potato tuberworm (insect)

    gelechiid moth: The potato tuberworm (Phthorimaea operculella) attacks potatoes, tomatoes, tobacco, and related plants, boring into tubers, burrowing in stems, and mining leaves. Pupation occurs in silken, dirt-covered cocoons, often found in plant litter. The adults are a dark mottled grayish brown.

  • Potato War (European history)

    War of the Bavarian Succession, (1778–79), conflict in which Frederick II the Great of Prussia blocked an attempt by Joseph II of Austria to acquire Bavaria. After losing Silesia to the Prussians in the 1740s (see Austrian Succession, War of the), the Austrian emperor Joseph II and his chancellor

  • potato-root eelworm (species of nematode)

    plant disease: Nematode diseases: The golden nematode of potatoes (Heterodera rostochiensis) is a menace of the European potato industry. Great efforts have been made to control it. The speck-sized golden cysts that dot infested plant roots are the remains of female bodies. Each cyst may contain up to 500 eggs,…

  • Potawatomi (people)

    Potawatomi, Algonquian-speaking tribe of North American Indians who were living in what is now northeastern Wisconsin, U.S., when first observed by Europeans in the 17th century. Their name means “people of the place of the fire.” Like many other Native peoples, the Potawatomi had slowly moved west

  • potbellied stove

    stove: Its design influenced the potbellied stove, which was a familiar feature in some homes well into the 20th century. The first round cast-iron stoves with grates for cooking food on them were manufactured by Isaac Orr at Philadelphia, Pa., in 1800. The base-burning stove for burning anthracite coal was…

  • Potchefstroom (South Africa)

    Potchefstroom, town, North West province, South Africa, on the Mooi River, southwest of Johannesburg. It was founded in 1838 as the first capital of the Transvaal and remained the capital until Pretoria displaced it in 1855. British troops held the town in the First Boer War (1880–81) and the South

  • Potemkin (film by Eisenstein [1925])

    Battleship Potemkin, Soviet silent film, released in 1925, that was director Sergey M. Eisenstein’s tribute to the early Russian revolutionaries and is widely regarded as a masterpiece of international cinema. The film is based on the mutiny of Russian sailors against their tyrannical superiors

  • Potemkin (Russian warship)

    Russian Revolution of 1905: …the crew of the battleship Potemkin mutinied in the harbour at Odessa.

  • Potemkin, Grigory (Russian statesman)

    Grigory Potemkin, Russian army officer and statesman, for two years Empress Catherine the Great’s lover and for 17 years the most powerful man in the empire. An able administrator, licentious, extravagant, loyal, generous, and magnanimous, he was the subject of many anecdotes. Educated at the

  • Potemkin, Grigory Aleksandrovich (Russian statesman)

    Grigory Potemkin, Russian army officer and statesman, for two years Empress Catherine the Great’s lover and for 17 years the most powerful man in the empire. An able administrator, licentious, extravagant, loyal, generous, and magnanimous, he was the subject of many anecdotes. Educated at the

  • potential (mathematics)

    principles of physical science: Potential: A potential function ϕ(r) defined by ϕ = A/r, where A is a constant, takes a constant value on every sphere centred at the origin. The set of nesting spheres is the analogue in three dimensions of the contours of height on a map,…

  • potential (mathematics)

    gravity: Potential theory: …Newton was the development of potential theory, which provides the mathematical representation of gravitational fields. It allows practical as well as theoretical investigation of the gravitational variations in space and of the anomalies due to the irregularities and shape deformations of Earth.

  • potential difference (electronics)

    analog computer: …analog computers operate by manipulating potential differences (voltages). Their basic component is an operational amplifier, a device whose output current is proportional to its input potential difference. By causing this output current to flow through appropriate components, further potential differences are obtained, and a wide variety of mathematical operations, including…

  • potential energy (physics)

    Potential energy, stored energy that depends upon the relative position of various parts of a system. A spring has more potential energy when it is compressed or stretched. A steel ball has more potential energy raised above the ground than it has after falling to the Earth. In the raised position

  • potential energy curve

    chemical bonding: The quantum mechanics of bonding: …used to construct a molecular potential energy curve, a graph that shows how the energy of the molecule varies as bond lengths and bond angles are changed. A typical curve for a diatomic molecule, in which only the internuclear distance is variable, is shown in Figure 10. The energy minimum…

  • potential evapotranspiration (hydrology)

    hydrologic sciences: Evapotranspiration: The concept of potential evapotranspiration—the possible rate of loss without any limits imposed by the supply of water—has been an important one in the development of hydrology. Most direct measurements of rates of potential evapotranspiration are made using standard evapotranspiration pans with an open water surface. Such measurements…

  • potential flow (fluid mechanics)

    fluid mechanics: Potential flow: This section is concerned with an important class of flow problems in which the vorticity is everywhere zero, and for such problems the Navier-Stokes equation may be greatly simplified. For one thing, the viscosity term drops out of it. For another, the nonlinear…

  • potential function (mathematics)

    principles of physical science: Potential: A potential function ϕ(r) defined by ϕ = A/r, where A is a constant, takes a constant value on every sphere centred at the origin. The set of nesting spheres is the analogue in three dimensions of the contours of height on a map,…

  • potential of hydrogen (chemistry)

    PH, quantitative measure of the acidity or basicity of aqueous or other liquid solutions. The term, widely used in chemistry, biology, and agronomy, translates the values of the concentration of the hydrogen ion—which ordinarily ranges between about 1 and 10−14 gram-equivalents per litre—into

  • potential Pareto-efficiency (economics)

    efficiency: A system is called Kaldor-Hicks efficient if resources are put in the hands of those that value them the most, measured by whether one person could theoretically compensate another for the same resources at a cost that would be worth it to them but worth more than the traded…

  • potential sweep method (electrochemistry)

    electrochemical reaction: Experimental studies: A third method, called the potentiodynamic, or potential sweep, method involves observations of the current as a function of the potential, while the latter is varied at a constant, known rate.

  • potential temperature (Earth science)

    isentropic chart: …also a surface of constant potential temperature (the temperature a parcel of dry air would have if brought from its initial state to a standard pressure [1,000 millibars] without exchange of heat with its environment). The isentropic surface varies in height from place to place over the Earth, the variation…

  • potential theory (mathematics)

    gravity: Potential theory: …Newton was the development of potential theory, which provides the mathematical representation of gravitational fields. It allows practical as well as theoretical investigation of the gravitational variations in space and of the anomalies due to the irregularities and shape deformations of Earth.

  • potential well (physics)

    quantum mechanics: Tunneling: …inner region of a one-dimensional potential well V(x), as shown in Figure 1. (A potential well is a potential that has a lower value in a certain region of space than in the neighbouring regions.) In classical mechanics, if E < V0 (the maximum height of the potential barrier), the…

  • potential, electric (physics)

    Electric potential, the amount of work needed to move a unit charge from a reference point to a specific point against an electric field. Typically, the reference point is Earth, although any point beyond the influence of the electric field charge can be used. The diagram shows the forces acting on

  • potentiality (philosophy)

    ethics: Aristotle: …things, Aristotle held, have inherent potentialities, which it is their nature to develop. This is the form of life properly suited to them and constitutes their goal. What, however, is the potentiality of human beings? For Aristotle this question turns out to be equivalent to asking what is distinctive about…

  • potentially hazardous asteroid (astronomy)

    Earth impact hazard: Determining the hazard potential of an NEO: …the object is called a potentially hazardous asteroid (PHA). As of 2019 there were about 2,000 identified PHAs. Observations of PHAs are continued until their orbits are refined to the point where their future positions can be reliably predicted.

  • Potentilla (plant)

    Cinquefoil, (genus Potentilla), genus of more than 300 species of herbaceous flowering plants of the rose family (Rosaceae). The common name, which means “five-leaved,” refers to the number of leaflets in the compound leaf, though some species have three or seven (or more) leaflets. Most of the

  • Potentilla fruticosa (plant)

    cinquefoil: D. fruticosa (formerly P. fruticosa) has provided many dwarf shrubs used in landscaping.

  • potentiodynamic method (electrochemistry)

    electrochemical reaction: Experimental studies: A third method, called the potentiodynamic, or potential sweep, method involves observations of the current as a function of the potential, while the latter is varied at a constant, known rate.

  • potentiometer (electrical instrument)

    resistor: …may be called rheostats, or potentiometers.

  • potentiometric analysis (chemistry)

    chemical analysis: Potentiometry: This is the method in which the potential between two electrodes is measured while the electric current (usually nearly zero) between the electrodes is controlled. In the most common forms of potentiometry, two different types of electrodes are used. The potential of the indicator…

  • potentiometric titration (chemical process)

    titration: Potentiometric titrations involve the measurement of the potential difference between two electrodes of a cell; conductometric titrations, the electrical conductance or resistance; amperometric titrations, the electric current passing during the course of the titration; and coulometric titrations, the total quantity of electricity passed during the

  • potentiometry (chemistry)

    chemical analysis: Potentiometry: This is the method in which the potential between two electrodes is measured while the electric current (usually nearly zero) between the electrodes is controlled. In the most common forms of potentiometry, two different types of electrodes are used. The potential of the indicator…

  • potentiostatic method (chemistry)

    electrochemical reaction: Experimental studies: …function of time constitutes the potentiostatic method. A third method, called the potentiodynamic, or potential sweep, method involves observations of the current as a function of the potential, while the latter is varied at a constant, known rate.

  • Potenza (Italy)

    Potenza, city, capital of Basilicata region, southern Italy, 2,684 ft (819 m) above sea level in the Apennines near the upper Basento River, east of Salerno. The Roman Potentia (founded 2nd century bc), which stood on a lower site than the modern city, was an important road junction and became a

  • Poterat, Edme (French potter)

    pottery: Faience, or tin-glazed ware: …at Rouen about 1656 by Edme Poterat, introduced a decoration of lambrequins, ornament with a jagged or scalloped outline based on drapery, scrollwork, lacework ornament, and the like. Lambrequins were extremely popular and were copied at other porcelain and faience factories. The faience of Nevers, too, is extremely important and…

  • potestà (Italian official)

    Podesta, (“power”), in medieval Italian communes, the highest judicial and military magistrate. The office was instituted by the Holy Roman emperor Frederick I Barbarossa in an attempt to govern rebellious Lombard cities. From the end of the 12th century the communes became somewhat more

  • Potgieter, Andries Hendrik (Boer leader)

    Andries Hendrik Potgieter, Boer leader in the Great Trek who took his party from the Cape Colony to settle the Transvaal and became a prominent figure in the early history of that state. Potgieter was a well-to-do sheep farmer from the Tarka district of eastern Cape Colony before the vacillating

  • Potgieter, Everhardus Johannes (Dutch author)

    Everhardus Johannes Potgieter, Dutch prose writer and poet who tried to set new standards and encourage national consciousness in his journal De gids (“The Guide”), which was founded in 1837, and who anticipated the literary revival of the 1880s. Potgieter was a thoroughgoing Romantic who eulogized

  • pothead (mammal)

    Pilot whale, (genus Globicephala), either of two species of small, slender toothed whales of the dolphin family Delphinidae. They are characterized by a round bulging forehead, a short beaklike snout, and slender pointed flippers. The short-finned pilot whale (Globicephala macrorhynchus) and the

  • potherb (culinary and medicinal plant)

    spice and herb: herb, parts of various plants cultivated for their aromatic, pungent, or otherwise desirable substances. Spices and herbs consist of rhizomes, bulbs, barks, flower buds, stigmas, fruits, seeds, and leaves. They are commonly divided into the categories of spices, spice seeds, and herbs.

  • Pothia (Greece)

    Kálymnos: The town of Kálymnos, located at the head of an inlet in the southeast, is the chief port and a prominent Aegean commercial centre with the bulk of the island’s population. As in Classical times, sponge fishing remains the chief industry, with the sponge fleet away to the…

  • Pothier, Dom Joseph (French composer)

    Dom Joseph Pothier, French monk and scholar who, together with his contemporaries, reconstituted the Gregorian chant. Pothier took vows as a Benedictine monk at Solesmes in 1860, was prior of Ligugé in 1893, and in 1898 was appointed abbot of Saint-Wandrille. Soon after he entered Solesmes he

  • Pothier, Robert Joseph (French judge)

    legal profession: Teaching and scholarship: …18th-century teacher, advocate, and judge Robert Joseph Pothier, whose commentaries provided the foundation for the Napoleonic Code of civil law. Much law teaching in the new university law schools that sprang up in the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Commonwealth in the 19th and 20th centuries was initially…

  • pothos (plant species, Epipremnum aureum)

    Pothos, (Epipremnum aureum), hardy indoor foliage plant of the arum family (Araceae) native to southeastern Asia. It resembles, and thus is often confused with, the common philodendron. Pothos is an evergreen plant with thick, waxy, green, heart-shaped leaves with splashes of yellow. As a

  • Poti (Georgia)

    Poti, city, Georgia, on the Black Sea at the mouth of the Rioni River and on the site of the ancient Greek colony of Phasis. The modern city developed in the 1880s, when an artificial harbour and a rail link were built. The city has a fishing fleet, a fish-processing works, and a dredger-building

  • Poti River (river, Brazil)

    Piauí: …confluence of the Parnaíba and Poti rivers. The state’s small Atlantic coastline is only about 40 miles (64 km) long.

  • Potiche (film by Ozon [2010])

    Gérard Depardieu: Catherine Deneuve in the comedy Potiche (2010).

  • Potidaea (ancient city, Greece)

    Alcibiades: They served together at Potidaea (432) in the Chalcidice region, where Alcibiades was defended by Socrates when he was wounded, a debt that he repaid when he stayed to protect Socrates in the flight from the Battle of Delium (424), north of Athens. Yet before he was 30 he…

  • Potiorek, Oskar (Austro-Hungarian military governor)

    Bosnia and Herzegovina: Bosnia and Herzegovina under Austro-Hungarian rule: Oskar Potiorek, declared a state of emergency, dissolved the parliament, closed down Serb cultural associations, and suspended the civil courts. The following year the heir to the Habsburg throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, traveled to Bosnia and Herzegovina to review a military exercise. He was killed…

  • Potisarat (king of Lan Xang)

    Photisarath, ruler (1520–47) of the Lao kingdom of Lan Xang whose territorial expansion embroiled Laos in the warfare that swept mainland Southeast Asia in the latter half of the 16th century. Photisarath was a pious Buddhist who worked to undermine animism and Brahmanic religious practices and

  • potlatch (North American Indian custom)

    Potlatch, ceremonial distribution of property and gifts to affirm or reaffirm social status, as uniquely institutionalized by the American Indians of the Northwest Pacific coast. The potlatch reached its most elaborate development among the southern Kwakiutl from 1849 to 1925. Although each group

  • potline (smelting cell)

    aluminum processing: Smelting: …rows of reduction pots, called potlines, are electrically connected in series. Normal voltages for pots range from four to six volts, and current loads range from 30,000 to 300,000 amperes. From 50 to 250 pots may form a single potline with a total line voltage of more than 1,000 volts.…

  • Potnia (ancient Greek religion)

    Aegean civilizations: Religion: …extant texts refer to a Potnia (“Lady” or “Mistress”), to whom they give several epithets like “horse” or “grain.” Most mainland palaces have paintings of processions in which people bring gifts to a goddess. On Thera, frescoes show girls picking saffron crocus and offering it in baskets to a seated…

  • Potocki, Ignacy (Polish statesman)

    Ignacy Potocki, statesman, political reformer, grand marshal of Lithuania, count, and a member of one of Poland’s oldest aristocratic families. Potocki played a prominent part from 1773 in the Polish Commission of National Education; from 1781 to 1784 he was the grand master of Polish Freemasonry.

  • Potocki, Stanisław Szczęsny (Polish statesman)

    Stanisław Szczęsny Potocki, Polish statesman and general during the breakup of the elective Kingdom of Poland. The son of Franciszek Salezy Potocki, palatine of Kiev, of the Tulczyn line of the Potocki family, he entered public service in 1774, became palatine of Russia in 1782, and lieutenant

  • Potocki, Wacław (Polish poet)

    Wacław Potocki, Polish poet well known for his epic poetry and for his collection of epigrams. Potocki, a country squire with little formal education, wrote most of his verse (about 300,000 lines) to please himself. A Unitarian, he was given a choice between exile and conversion to Roman

  • Potok, Chaim (American rabbi and author)

    Chaim Potok, American rabbi and author whose novels introduced to American fiction the spiritual and cultural life of Orthodox Jews. The son of Polish immigrants, Potok was reared in an Orthodox home and attended religious schools. As a young man, he was drawn to the less restrictive Conservative

  • Potok, Herman Harold (American rabbi and author)

    Chaim Potok, American rabbi and author whose novels introduced to American fiction the spiritual and cultural life of Orthodox Jews. The son of Polish immigrants, Potok was reared in an Orthodox home and attended religious schools. As a young man, he was drawn to the less restrictive Conservative

  • Potomac Guardian, The (American newspaper)

    Shepherdstown: The state’s first newspaper, The Potomac Guardian, was published by Nathaniel Willis in the town in 1790. President George Washington reportedly considered it as a possible site for the national capital.

  • Potomac Park (national park, Maryland, United States)

    Washington, D.C.: Parks and open spaces: Potomac Park, along the east bank of the Potomac, was created by Congress in 1897, when more than 700 acres (280 hectares) of reclaimed river flatland and tidal reservoirs were set aside for recreation as part of the Army Corps of Engineers’ flood-control project, which…

  • Potomac River (river, United States)

    Potomac River, river in the east central United States, rising in North and South branches in the Appalachian Mountains of West Virginia. The two branches (95 mi [150 km] and 130 mi long, respectively) flow generally northeast and unite southeast of Cumberland, Md., to continue southeast through

  • Potomac, Army of the (United States history)

    Ambrose Everett Burnside: …from the command of the Army of the Potomac (Nov. 7, 1862), Burnside (over his own protests) was chosen to replace him. After a crushing defeat at the Battle of Fredericksburg (December), Burnside was replaced by General Joseph Hooker (Jan. 26, 1863). Transferred to Ohio, Burnside helped to crush General…

  • Poton language

    El Salvador: Languages: …region of the country, and Poton, spoken in the east. After the initial conquest, Spanish became the official language, and the indigenous dialects slowly fell into disuse. A government effort was made to preserve Nahuatl, but it proved unsuccessful.

  • potoo (bird genus)

    Potoo, (genus Nyctibius), any of seven species of solitary, nocturnal birds of the American tropics. Its name imitates the wailing cry, “po-TOO,” made by some species. The potoos’ complex patterns of gray, black, and brown plumage resemble tree bark. During the day, the birds sleep, vertically

  • Potoroidae (marsupial family)

    marsupial: Classification: Family Potoroidae (rat kangaroos, potoroos, and bettongs) 10 or so species in 4 genera. Similar to the macropodids but smaller, shorter-footed, and living mainly in undergrowth. Includes potoroos (Potorous) and bettongs (Bettongia). Family Burramyidae (pygmy possums)

  • Potoroinae (marsupial)

    Rat kangaroo, any of the 11 living species of Australian and Tasmanian marsupials constituting the families Potoroidae and Hypsiprymnodontidae, related to the kangaroo family, Macropodidae. Other potoroids are known only as fossils; the Potoroidae were already separated from the Macropodidae by the

  • potoroo (marsupial)

    rat kangaroo: The potoroos (Potorous) have shorter tails and ears and pointier faces than other rat kangaroos have. The long-nosed potoroo (P. tridactylus) lives in the underbrush of forests in Tasmania and on the eastern mainland from the border between South Australia and Victoria to southern Queensland. A…

  • Potoroo Regime (geology)

    Australia: Principal regimes: …97 million years ago), and Potoroo (the past 97 million years). Each regime, a complex of uniform plate-tectonic and paleoclimatic events at a similar or slowly changing latitude, generated a depositional sequence of distinct facies separated by gaps in deposition.

  • Potorous (marsupial)

    rat kangaroo: The potoroos (Potorous) have shorter tails and ears and pointier faces than other rat kangaroos have. The long-nosed potoroo (P. tridactylus) lives in the underbrush of forests in Tasmania and on the eastern mainland from the border between South Australia and Victoria to southern Queensland. A…

  • Potorous gilbertii (marsupial)

    rat kangaroo: A closely related species, Gilbert’s potoroo (P. gilbertii), of southwestern Australia, was long thought to be extinct, but in the 1990s a tiny population was rediscovered near Albany, Western Australia. Another Western Australian species, the broad-faced potoroo (P. platyops), has been listed as an extinct species on the IUCN…

  • Potorous longipes (marsupial)

    rat kangaroo: The largest species, the long-footed potoroo (P. longipes), was described in 1980; it is very rare, and the IUCN considers it an endangered species. The long-footed potoroo’s habitat is limited to a handful of forested areas in northeastern Victoria and southeastern New South Wales.

  • Potorous tridactylus (marsupial)

    rat kangaroo: The long-nosed potoroo (P. tridactylus) lives in the underbrush of forests in Tasmania and on the eastern mainland from the border between South Australia and Victoria to southern Queensland. A closely related species, Gilbert’s potoroo (P. gilbertii), of southwestern Australia, was long thought to be extinct,…

  • Potos flavus (mammal)

    Kinkajou, (Potos flavus), an unusual member of the raccoon family (see procyonid) distinguished by its long, prehensile tail, short muzzle, and low-set, rounded ears. Native to Central America and parts of South America, the kinkajou is an agile denizen of the upper canopy of tropical forests. The

  • Potosí (Bolivia)

    Potosí, city, southern Bolivia, 56 miles (90 km) southwest of Sucre. One of the world’s highest cities (elevation 13,290 feet [4,050 metres]), it stands on a cold and barren plateau in the shadow of fabled Potosí Mountain (also called Cerro Rico [“Rich Mountain”]), which is honeycombed with

  • Potosí Mountain (mountain, Bolivia)

    Potosí: …in the shadow of fabled Potosí Mountain (also called Cerro Rico [“Rich Mountain”]), which is honeycombed with thousands of mines. Legend attributes its name to potojchi or potocsi, a Quechua word meaning “deafening noise,” or “crash.”

  • Potovsky, Ernestine Louise (American social reformer)

    Ernestine Rose, Polish-born American reformer and suffragist, an active figure in the 19th-century women’s rights, antislavery, and temperance movements. Born in the Polish ghetto to the town rabbi and his wife, Ernestine Potowski received a better education and more freedom than was typical for

  • Potowski, Ernestine Louise (American social reformer)

    Ernestine Rose, Polish-born American reformer and suffragist, an active figure in the 19th-century women’s rights, antislavery, and temperance movements. Born in the Polish ghetto to the town rabbi and his wife, Ernestine Potowski received a better education and more freedom than was typical for

  • potpourri (pottery)

    Potpourri, (French : “miscellaneous mixture”) in pottery, a decorative ceramic vessel with a perforated cover originally made to hold a moist mixture of aromatic spices, fruits, and the petals of flowers that was intended to produce a pleasant scent as the mixture mouldered. The vessel was later

  • Potrerillos (mining area, Chile)

    Potrerillos, former mining centre in northern Chile. The defunct underground copper mine lies in the Atacama Desert, 9,440 feet (2,877 metres) above sea level and 75 miles (120 km) inland from the port of Chañaral. Although its deposits were smaller and its ores of poorer quality than those at

  • Potresov, Aleksandr Nikolayevich (Russian politician)

    Aleksandr Nikolayevich Potresov, Russian Social Democrat, one of the leaders of the Mensheviks, who opposed the Bolsheviks in the political struggle leading up to the Russian Revolution of 1917. Potresov, the son of a general, joined the Marxists in the early 1890s and was briefly exiled in 1898.

  • Pots and Pans Revolution (Icelandic history)

    Iceland: Political developments: …banged kitchenware, igniting the “Pots and Pans Revolution.” In April 2010 a special investigative commission examining the financial sector collapse issued a report that revealed an array of dubious business practices and concluded that both banks and prominent individuals had speculated in the stock market with borrowed funds. Following…

  • Potsdam (Germany)

    Potsdam, city, capital of Brandenburg Land (state), eastern Germany. Lying on the southwest border of Berlin, it is sited where the Nuthe River flows into the Havel River, the confluence becoming a series of lakes. First mentioned in 993 as a Slavic settlement known as Poztupimi, it received its

  • Potsdam (New York, United States)

    Potsdam, village and town (township), St. Lawrence county, northern New York, U.S., on the Raquette River, 30 miles (48 km) east of Ogdensburg. The village was settled in 1803–04 as a cooperative community (disbanded 1810). The State University of New York College at Potsdam (founded 1816 as St.

  • Potsdam Conference (World War II)

    Potsdam Conference, (July 17–August 2, 1945), Allied conference of World War II held at Potsdam, a suburb of Berlin. The chief participants were U.S. President Harry S. Truman, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill (or Clement Attlee, who became prime minister during the conference), and Soviet

  • Potsdam Declaration (World War II)

    Potsdam Declaration, ultimatum issued by the United States, Great Britain, and China on July 26, 1945, calling for the unconditional surrender of Japan. The declaration was made at the Potsdam Conference near the end of World War II. Two months after Germany surrendered, Allied leaders gathered in

  • Potsdam, Edict of (German history)

    Frederick William: Later policies.: …with the issuance of the Edict of Potsdam on Nov. 8, 1685, in which he granted asylum to all Huguenots expelled from France by Louis XIV after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. Thus, at the end of his life, the Great Elector returned to the political ties of…

  • Potsdamer Platz (area, Berlin, Germany)

    Germany: Architecture: After unification the long-deserted Potsdamer Platz in the heart of Berlin, once a focus of Berlin’s economic and administrative life, came alive with the construction of an array of public and private buildings by internationally renowned architects such as Renzo Piano, Helmut Jahn, and Richard Rogers. After somewhat acrimonious…

  • Pott disease

    Pott disease, disease caused by infection of the spinal column, or vertebral column, by the tuberculosis bacillus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Pott disease is characterized by softening and collapse of the vertebrae, often resulting in a hunchback curvature of the spine. The condition is named

  • Your preference has been recorded
    Check out Britannica's new site for parents!
    Subscribe Today!