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  • post-traumatic stress syndrome (psychology)

    Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), emotional condition that sometimes follows a traumatic event, particularly an event that involves actual or threatened death or serious bodily injury to oneself or others and that creates intense feelings of fear, helplessness, or horror. The symptoms of

  • Post-Urban Period (Indian history)

    India: The Post-Urban Period in northwestern India: …bce, may be considered as Post-Harappan or, perhaps better, as “Post-Urban.”

  • post-Washington Consensus (economics)

    Washington Consensus: …to be known as the post-Washington Consensus.

  • postage stamp

    philately: … “that which is tax-free”; the postage stamp permitted the letter to come free of charge to the recipient, rendering it untaxed.

  • postal chess (chess)

    chess: Correspondence chess: Chess games have been conducted by move-carrying messengers since at least the 17th century, but the introduction of low-cost mail service created a small boom for postal chess in the early 19th century.

  • postal code

    postal system: Great Britain: …to mechanization is an alphanumeric postal code that provides for sorting by machine at every stage of handling, including the carrier’s delivery route. The coding equipment translates the postal code into a pattern of dots by means of which machines can sort mail at eight times the speed of manual…

  • postal order

    Money order, order on the issuer to pay a certain sum of money upon demand to the person named in the money order. Money orders provide a means of safe, fast, and convenient transmission of small sums of money. They are issued by sovereign governments (usually postal authorities), banks, and other

  • Postal Reorganization Act (American law)

    postal system: United States: Congress approved the Postal Reorganization Act of 1970, signed into law August 12, 1970. The act transformed the Post Office Department into a government-owned corporation, called the United States Postal Service. Congress no longer retains power to fix postal tariffs (although changes may be vetoed) or to control…

  • Postal Savings Bank (building, Vienna, Austria)

    Otto Wagner: …of Vienna (1894–97) and the Postal Savings Bank (1904–06). The latter, which had little decoration, is recognized as a milestone in the history of modern architecture, particularly for the curving glass roof of its central hall.

  • postal savings system

    Fremont Lawson: His advocacy of a U.S. postal savings bank caused him to be called the father of the law that established it (1910). Lawson was also a leading benefactor of the Congregational church and the Young Men’s Christian Association.

  • postal system

    Postal system, the institution—almost invariably under the control of a government or quasi-government agency—that makes it possible for any person to send a letter, packet, or parcel to any addressee, in the same country or abroad, in the expectation that it will be conveyed according to certain

  • postal voting (politics)

    Absentee voting, electoral process that enables persons who cannot appear at their designated polling places to vote from another location. The usual method of absentee voting is by mail, although provision is sometimes made for voting at prescribed places in advance of the polling date. Absentee v

  • Postăvarul, Mount (mountain, Romania)

    Brașov: …located at the foot of Mount Postăvarul (5,912 feet [1,802 metres]). Other tourist areas are found in the Bucegi mountain range and on Mount Piatra Craiului. Teutonic Knights built a citadel on the summit of Mount Timpa (3,150 feet [960 metres]) during the 13th century. The citadel was destroyed by…

  • postcard (postal correspondence)

    Postcard, a card for transmitting a message that can be mailed without an envelope. The first government-issued cards were the straw-coloured Austrian Korrespondenz Karte (with a two-kreuzer stamp included) issued in October 1869. In the United States John P. Charlton of Philadelphia obtained a

  • Postcards from the 6th Mass Extinction (audio series)

    Postcards from the 6th Mass Extinction: …purpose of the audio series Postcards from the 6th Mass Extinction is to document this extinction as it happens—and, more importantly, to identify solutions that may slow its pace.

  • Postcards from the 6th Mass Extinction

    Species die-offs are common. For most of Earth’s history, the rate of speciation (the creation of new species) has outpaced the rate of extinction (the dying out of existing species). This has led to the tremendous biodiversity we see today. During certain periods, however, the extinction rate has

  • Postcards from the Edge (film by Nichols [1990])

    Meryl Streep: A devil, Julia Child, and Margaret Thatcher: …a handful of comedies, including Postcards from the Edge (1990) and Death Becomes Her (1992), and in the action-adventure film The River Wild (1994). For the most part, these films were not well received, and Streep returned to dramatic films that required more technical skill and less personal charisma. She…

  • Postcards from the Edge (novel by Fisher)

    Carrie Fisher: …in 1987 her first novel, Postcards from the Edge, was published. The book, based on her own experiences as the daughter of an actress and with drug addiction, was insightful, candid, and humorous and won critical acclaim. She wrote the screenplay for the 1990 film version, which starred Meryl Streep.…

  • postcava (anatomy)

    animal development: Circulatory organs: The postcaval vein, present in terrestrial vertebrates, is a late acquisition, both in evolution and in embryogenesis; it is a result of the intercommunication of several venous channels, including the anterior portion of the vitelline veins.

  • postcaval vein (anatomy)

    animal development: Circulatory organs: The postcaval vein, present in terrestrial vertebrates, is a late acquisition, both in evolution and in embryogenesis; it is a result of the intercommunication of several venous channels, including the anterior portion of the vitelline veins.

  • postcholecystectomy syndrome (pathology)

    digestive system disease: Other biliary tract disorders: Postcholecystectomy syndrome is characterized by painful attacks, often resembling preoperative symptoms, that occasionally occur following the surgical removal of gallstones and the gallbladder. These attacks may be related to biliary stricture, gallstones, or intermittent muscular spasms of the sphincter of Oddi (hepatopancreatic sphincter). Drugs are…

  • Postclassic Period (Mesoamerican history)

    pre-Columbian civilizations: Postclassic period (900–1519): The final period of pre-Columbian Meso-American history is referred to as the Postclassic. Its beginning is usually placed at 900, and it terminates with the arrival of the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés in 1519 or with his conquest…

  • postcolonialism (historical period)

    Postcolonialism, the historical period or state of affairs representing the aftermath of Western colonialism; the term can also be used to describe the concurrent project to reclaim and rethink the history and agency of people subordinated under various forms of imperialism. Postcolonialism signals

  • postconventional moral reasoning (psychology)

    human behaviour: A moral sense: …the third level, that of postconventional moral reasoning, the adult bases his moral standards on principles that he himself has evaluated and that he accepts as inherently valid, regardless of society’s opinion. He is aware of the arbitrary, subjective nature of social standards and rules, which he regards as relative…

  • postconviction procedure (law)

    procedural law: Postconviction procedure: In Anglo-American legal systems, a convicted defendant may move in the trial court to arrest judgment, or he may file a motion for a new trial. The legality of the conviction may also be challenged by appeal to a higher court.…

  • Poste des Attakapas (Louisiana, United States)

    Saint Martinville, city, seat (1811) of St. Martin parish, southern Louisiana, U.S. It lies on Bayou Teche, about 10 miles (16 km) southeast of Lafayette. Originally known as Poste des Attakapas (for a local Indian tribe), it was settled about 1760. A colony of Acadians, expelled by the British

  • Postel, Christian Heinrich (German composer)

    Passion music: …to this trend came with Christian Heinrich Postel’s version of the St. John Passion, set by Handel in 1704, and with the St. John and St. Matthew Passions by J.S. Bach. Bach’s Passions made the texts important and dignified and wedded to them music of remarkable fervour, heightening the drama…

  • Postel, Guillaume (French philosopher)

    Judaism: Modern Jewish mysticism: …Cabbalistica, 1517); and the visionary Guillaume Postel (1510–81) in France. The occult philosophy of the 16th century, the “natural philosophy” of the 17th and 18th centuries, and the occult and theosophic theories that are cultivated even today and that have coloured the ideology of Freemasonry—all of these continue to borrow…

  • Postel, Jonathan Bruce (American computer scientist)

    Jonathan Bruce Postel, American computer scientist (born Aug. 6, 1943, Altadena, Calif.—died Oct. 16, 1998, Santa Monica, Calif.), was lauded for his work as a creator and manager of the Internet. In the late 1960s, when correspondence was sent via "snail mail" rather than E-mail and no one had e

  • postencephalitic parkinsonism (pathology)

    encephalitis: Epidemics of encephalitis: …rarely exhibit residual symptoms (postencephalitic parkinsonism). The causative agent of sleeping sickness was never established, although the influenza virus was suspected.

  • poster (art and advertisement)

    Poster, printed paper announcement or advertisement that is exhibited publicly. Whether promoting a product, an event, or a sentiment (such as patriotism), a poster must immediately catch the attention of the passerby. There is no set way to accomplish this; success can stem, for example, from the

  • poster paint (painting technique)

    Gouache, painting technique in which a gum or an opaque white pigment is added to watercolours to produce opacity. In watercolour the tiny particles of pigment become enmeshed in the fibre of the paper; in gouache the colour lies on the surface of the paper, forming a continuous layer, or coating.

  • Posterior Analytics (work by Aristotle)

    epistemology: Aristotle: In the Posterior Analytics, Aristotle (384–322 bce) claims that each science consists of a set of first principles, which are necessarily true and knowable directly, and a set of truths, which are both logically derivable from and causally explained by the first principles. The demonstration of a…

  • posterior blepharitis (medical condition)

    blepharitis: …edge of the eyelid, and posterior, which affects the inner part of the eyelid (the surface that touches the eye). Anterior blepharitis can result from either an infectious or a noninfectious process, while posterior blepharitis is caused by dysfunction of the meibomian glands, which are oil-secreting glands located along the…

  • posterior column (anatomy)

    human sensory reception: Nerve function: …along the back (in the dorsal columns) of the spinal cord. Afferent fibres enter the cord from the cutaneous nerves and ascend without synaptic break in one (the ipsilateral) dorsal column. This is a very rapidly conducting pathway shared by fibres that mediate sensations of deep pressure and kinesthesis. Other…

  • posterior distribution (probability)

    statistics: Bayesian methods: …Bayes’s theorem to provide a posterior probability distribution for the parameter. The posterior distribution provides the basis for statistical inferences concerning the parameter.

  • posterior fontanel (anatomy)

    fontanel: The posterior fontanel is triangular and lies at the apex of the occipital bone. The largest fontanel, the anterior, is at the crown between the halves of the frontal and the parietals. It is diamond shaped and about 2.5 centimetres by 4 centimetres (about 1 by…

  • posterior horn (anatomy)

    nerve: …the posterior gray column (dorsal horn) of the cord or ascend to nuclei in the lower part of the brain. Immediately lateral to the spinal ganglia the two roots unite into a common nerve trunk, which includes both sensory and motor fibres; the branches of this trunk distribute both…

  • posterior longitudinal sulcus (anatomy)

    human cardiovascular system: External surface of the heart: …surface, a groove called the posterior longitudinal sulcus marks the division between the right and left ventricles; it contains another branch of a coronary artery. A fourth groove, between the left atrium and ventricle, holds the coronary sinus, a channel for venous blood.

  • posterior pituitary hormone

    pituitary gland: Posterior pituitary hormones: The posterior lobe of the pituitary gland consists largely of extensions of processes (axons) from two pairs of large clusters of nerve cell bodies (nuclei) in the hypothalamus. One of those nuclei, known as the supraoptic nuclei, lies immediately above the optic…

  • posterior pituitary lobe (anatomy)

    hormone: Hormones of the pituitary gland: One is the neurohypophysis, which forms as a downgrowth of the floor of the brain and gives rise to the median eminence and the neural lobe; these structures are neurohemal organs. The other is the adenohypophysis, which develops as an upgrowth from the buccal cavity (mouth region) and…

  • posterior probability (genetics)

    human genetic disease: Estimating probability: Bayes’s theorem: …of all joint probabilities, the posterior probability is arrived at. Posterior probability is the likelihood that the individual, whose genotype is uncertain, either carries the mutant gene or does not. One example application of this method, applied to the sex-linked recessive disease Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), is given below.

  • posterior semicircular canal (anatomy)

    human ear: Semicircular canals: position: superior, horizontal, and posterior. The superior and posterior canals are in diagonal vertical planes that intersect at right angles. Each canal has an expanded end, the ampulla, which opens into the vestibule. The ampullae of the horizontal and superior canals lie close together, just above the oval window,…

  • posterior speech area (anatomy)

    Wernicke area, region of the brain that contains motor neurons involved in the comprehension of speech. This area was first described in 1874 by German neurologist Carl Wernicke. The Wernicke area is located in the posterior third of the upper temporal convolution of the left hemisphere of the

  • posterior uveitis (pathology)

    uveitis: Anatomical forms of uveitis: …portion of the eye); and posterior uveitis refers to inflammation of the retina, choroid, or the optic disk (where the optic nerve enters the retina). Diffuse uveitis (panuveitis) implies inflammation of the entire uveal tract.

  • posterior vagal trunk (anatomy)

    human nervous system: Vagus nerve (CN X or 10): …colon converge to form the posterior (right) and anterior (left) vagal nerves. Right and left vagal nerves are joined in the thorax by cardiac, pulmonary, and esophageal branches. In addition, general visceral afferent fibres from the larynx below the vocal folds join the vagus via the recurrent laryngeal nerves, while…

  • posterior vena cava (anatomy)

    animal development: Circulatory organs: The postcaval vein, present in terrestrial vertebrates, is a late acquisition, both in evolution and in embryogenesis; it is a result of the intercommunication of several venous channels, including the anterior portion of the vitelline veins.

  • Posteritati (letter by Petrarch)

    Petrarch: Later years (1353–74): …added new sections to his Posteritati, an autobiographical letter to posterity that was to have formed the conclusion to his Seniles; he also composed the final sections of the Trionfi. Petrarch died in 1374 while working in his study at Arquà and was found the next morning, his head resting…

  • postes périphériques (French radio stations)

    broadcasting: Pirate and offshore stations: …of competition from the so-called postes périphériques, which include Europe No. 1 in the Saar and Radio Andorra in the Pyrenees, not to mention the French-language broadcasts of Monaco, Belgium, Luxembourg, and Switzerland. The strongest competition came from Europe No. 1, in which the French government finally purchased a controlling…

  • postfix (computer science)

    PostScript: PostScript uses postfix, also called reverse Polish notation, in which an operation name follows its arguments. Thus, “300 600 20 270 arc stroke” means: draw (“stroke”) a 270-degree arc with radius 20 at location (300, 600). Although PostScript can be read and written by a programmer, it…

  • postganglionic fibre (anatomy)

    human nervous system: The peripheral nervous system: These postganglionic cells, in turn, send their processes to visceral structures.

  • postganglionic neuron (anatomy)

    human nervous system: The autonomic nervous system: …set, called ganglion cells or postganglionic neurons, lies outside the central nervous system in collections of nerve cells called autonomic ganglia. Parasympathetic ganglia tend to lie close to or within the organs or tissues that their neurons innervate, whereas sympathetic ganglia are located at more distant sites from their target…

  • Postgate, Oliver (British television writer and producer)

    Oliver Postgate, British children’s television writer and producer (born April 12, 1925, Hendon, Middlesex, Eng.—died Dec. 8, 2008, Broadstairs, Kent, Eng.), was cocreator—with puppeteer and animator Peter Firmin—of some of Britain’s most beloved children’s programming. Postgate held a variety of

  • Postgate, Richard Oliver (British television writer and producer)

    Oliver Postgate, British children’s television writer and producer (born April 12, 1925, Hendon, Middlesex, Eng.—died Dec. 8, 2008, Broadstairs, Kent, Eng.), was cocreator—with puppeteer and animator Peter Firmin—of some of Britain’s most beloved children’s programming. Postgate held a variety of

  • postglossator (medieval European history)

    legal glossator: …14th century, the commentators or postglossators, to effect a closer liaison between the revived Roman law and the law of the Italian cities and to find a way to apply Roman law to the practical legal needs of the day.

  • Posthomerica (work by Quintus)

    Quintus Smyrnaeus: …the city (and hence called Ta met’ Homeron or Posthomerica).

  • Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club, The (novel by Dickens)

    The Pickwick Papers, novel by Charles Dickens, first published serially from 1836 to 1837 under the pseudonym Boz and in book form in 1837. This first fictional work by Dickens was originally commissioned as a series of glorified captions for the work of caricaturist Robert Seymour. His witty,

  • Posthumus (fictional character)

    Cymbeline: …Imogen is secretly married to Posthumus, he banishes Posthumus, who heads for Rome. In a conversation with a villainous Italian, Iachimo, Posthumus finds himself drawn unwisely into betting Iachimo that Imogen’s fidelity to her marriage is unassailable. Journeying to England, Iachimo furtively obtains from the sleeping Imogen a token that…

  • Posthumus Leonatus (fictional character)

    Cymbeline: …Imogen is secretly married to Posthumus, he banishes Posthumus, who heads for Rome. In a conversation with a villainous Italian, Iachimo, Posthumus finds himself drawn unwisely into betting Iachimo that Imogen’s fidelity to her marriage is unassailable. Journeying to England, Iachimo furtively obtains from the sleeping Imogen a token that…

  • posthypnotic amnesia (psychology)

    hypnosis: Applications of hypnosis: This “posthypnotic amnesia” can result either spontaneously from deep hypnosis or from a suggestion by the hypnotist while the subject is in a trance state. The amnesia may include all the events of the trance state or only selected items, or it may be manifested in…

  • posthypnotic suggestion (psychology)

    hypnosis: Applications of hypnosis: …hypnotic trance is that of posthypnotic suggestion and behaviour; that is, the subject’s execution, at some later time, of instructions and suggestions that were given to him while he was in a trance. With adequate amnesia induced during the trance state, the individual will not be aware of the source…

  • postiche (metal false beard)

    dress: Ancient Egypt: …a metal false beard, or postiche, which was a sign of sovereignty, was worn by royalty. This was held in place by a ribbon tied over the head and attached to a gold chin strap, a fashion existing from about 3000 to 1580 bce.

  • Postillae perpetuae in universam S. Scripturam (work by Nicholas of Lyra)

    Nicholas Of Lyra: …work is his monumental 50-volume Postillae perpetuae in universam S. Scripturam (“Commentary Notes to the Universal Holy Scripture”), a commentary on the whole Bible that became a leading manual of exegesis. The importance of the Postillae lies in its emphasis on a literal, rather than a mystical or an allegorical,…

  • postindustrial society

    Postindustrial society, society marked by a transition from a manufacturing-based economy to a service-based economy, a transition that is also connected with subsequent societal restructuring. Postindustrialization is the next evolutionary step from an industrialized society and is most evident in

  • posting (horsemanship)

    trot: This latter action, termed posting, reduces the impact of the trot on rider and horse. Trotters are also tried in harness racing.

  • Postini (American company)

    Google: Gmail: In 2007 the company acquired Postini, an e-mail services firm, for $625 million in order to improve Gmail’s security, especially in Google’s efforts to sign up businesses. In 2009 Google removed the beta status of Gmail, increasing its appeal to business users.

  • postino, Il (film by Radford [1994])

    Antonio Skármeta: …Italian film Il postino (1995; The Postman).

  • Postlethwaite, Pete (British actor)

    Pete Postlethwaite, (Peter William Postlethwaite), British character actor (born Feb. 7, 1946, Warrington, Cheshire, Eng.—died Jan. 2, 2011, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, Eng.), was best known for In the Name of the Father (1993), in which he portrayed Giuseppe Conlon, the father of Gerry Conlon (played

  • Postlethwaite, Peter William (British actor)

    Pete Postlethwaite, (Peter William Postlethwaite), British character actor (born Feb. 7, 1946, Warrington, Cheshire, Eng.—died Jan. 2, 2011, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, Eng.), was best known for In the Name of the Father (1993), in which he portrayed Giuseppe Conlon, the father of Gerry Conlon (played

  • Pöstling Hill (hill, Austria)

    Linz: …the left bank beneath the Pöstling Hill (1,768 feet [539 m]).

  • Postman Always Rings Twice, The (film by Rafelson [1981])

    Anjelica Huston: …lion tamer opposite Nicholson in The Postman Always Rings Twice (1981) and made several guest appearances on Laverne & Shirley in 1982–83. The producer of the sci-fi comedy The Ice Pirates (1984)—in which Huston played one of the titular buccaneers—gave her a copy of the novel Prizzi’s Honor by Richard…

  • Postman Always Rings Twice, The (work by Cain)

    The Postman Always Rings Twice: …in 1946, based on the crime novel of the same name by James M. Cain. The film features all the elements of an enduring noir classic: sexy leading players, tight script and direction, and a shocking climax.

  • Postman Always Rings Twice, The (film by Garnett [1946])

    The Postman Always Rings Twice, American film noir, released in 1946, based on the crime novel of the same name by James M. Cain. The film features all the elements of an enduring noir classic: sexy leading players, tight script and direction, and a shocking climax. Frank Chambers (played by John

  • Postman, Leo (American psychologist)

    collective behaviour: Rumour-creating situations: Allport and Leo Postman offered the generalization that rumour intensity is high when both the interest in an event and its ambiguity are great. The U.S. sociologist Tamotsu Shibutani agreed, contending that rumour abounds when the demand for news is greater than is the supply provided through…

  • Postman, Neil (American educator, media theorist, and social critic)

    Neil Postman, American educator, media theorist, and social critic who made contributions to the discipline of media studies, the critical analysis of technology, and the philosophy of education. He is best known for his social critique of mass communication, especially television, with respect to

  • Postman, The (film by Radford [1994])

    Antonio Skármeta: …Italian film Il postino (1995; The Postman).

  • postmarketing adverse drug event (pharmacology)

    pharmaceutical industry: Postmarketing adverse drug events: Although there may have been several thousand patients enrolled in Phase 1, 2, and 3 clinical trials, some adverse drug events may not be identified before the drug is marketed. For example, if 3,000 patients participated in the clinical trials and…

  • postmaterialism (philosophy)

    Postmaterialism, value orientation that emphasizes self-expression and quality of life over economic and physical security. The term postmaterialism was first coined by American social scientist Ronald Inglehart in The Silent Revolution: Changing Values and Political Styles Among Western Publics

  • postmature birth (medicine)

    Postmature birth, in humans, any birth that occurs more than 42 weeks after conception, at which time placental transfer begins to fail and the fetus receives decreased amounts of oxygen and nutrients. If birth does not occur naturally or is not induced, the fetus will die. Postmature newborns are

  • postmillennialism (religion)

    Christian fundamentalism: The late 19th to the mid-20th century: …the question of premillennialism and postmillennialism. While Machen defended the more conventional postmillennialism of the Princeton theology, the opposite view was taken by New Jersey minister Carl McIntire, who later founded the rival Bible Presbyterian Church.

  • Postminimalism (art)

    Martin Puryear: …and wire are associated with Postminimalism.

  • Postmodern Condition, The (work by Lyotard)

    Jean-François Lyotard: …best-known and most influential work, The Postmodern Condition (1979), Lyotard characterized the postmodern era as one that has lost faith in all grand, totalizing “metanarratives”—the abstract ideas in terms of which thinkers since the time of the Enlightenment have attempted to construct comprehensive explanations of historical experience. Disillusioned with the…

  • postmodern literature

    Latin- American literature blossomed and received international acclaim in the 1960s and 1970s with the so-called boom in the novel, a movement signaled by the publication of major works by the Colombian Gabriel García Márquez, the Mexican Carlos Fuentes, the Peruvian Mario Vargas Llosa, the

  • postmodernism (philosophy)

    Postmodernism, in Western philosophy, a late 20th-century movement characterized by broad skepticism, subjectivism, or relativism; a general suspicion of reason; and an acute sensitivity to the role of ideology in asserting and maintaining political and economic power. This article discusses

  • postmodernism (art)

    United States: The visual arts and postmodernism: …the idea of the “postmodern,” and in no sphere has the argument been as lively as in that of the plastic arts. The idea of the postmodern has been powerful in the United States exactly because the idea of the modern was so powerful; where Europe has struggled with…

  • postmolt (zoology)

    crustacean: Exoskeleton: (3) Metecdysis, or postmolt, is the stage in which the soft cuticle gradually hardens and becomes calcified. At the end of this stage the cuticle is complete. (4) Intermolt is a period of variable duration, from a few days in small forms to a year or…

  • Postmortem (work by Cornwell)

    Patricia Cornwell: …as a medical examiner in Postmortem (1990), and with this book Cornwell’s writing career was launched. The series continued with Body of Evidence (1991), All That Remains (1992), Cause of Death (1996), Black Notice (1999), Blow Fly (2003), Book of the Dead (2007), Scarpetta (2008), The Scarpetta Factor (2009), Port…

  • postmortem

    Autopsy, dissection and examination of a dead body and its organs and structures. An autopsy may be performed to determine the cause of death, to observe the effects of disease, and to establish the evolution and mechanisms of disease processes. The word autopsy is derived from the Greek autopsia,

  • postmortem examination

    Autopsy, dissection and examination of a dead body and its organs and structures. An autopsy may be performed to determine the cause of death, to observe the effects of disease, and to establish the evolution and mechanisms of disease processes. The word autopsy is derived from the Greek autopsia,

  • postmortem inspection (quality control)

    meat processing: Antemortem and postmortem inspection: Postmortem inspection of the head, viscera, and carcasses helps to identify whole carcasses, individual parts, or organs that are not wholesome or safe for human consumption.

  • postmortem muscle

    meat processing: Postmortem muscle: Once the life of an animal ends, the life-sustaining processes slowly cease, causing significant changes in the postmortem (after death) muscle. These changes represent the conversion of muscle to meat.

  • postnatal care

    medicine: Family health care: Postnatal care services are designed to supervise the return to normal of the mother. They are usually given by the staff of the same unit that was responsible for the delivery. Important considerations are the matter of breast- or artificial feeding and the care of…

  • postnatal depression (psychology)

    Postpartum depression, depressive disorder sometimes occurring in mothers following childbirth (parturition). Postpartum depression is associated with various risk factors and can have serious consequences for affected women and their infants. Mothers affected by postpartum depression may, for

  • postnatal growth (physiology)

    human development: Types and rates of human growth: The later fetal and the postnatal growth of the muscle consists chiefly of building up the cytoplasm of the muscle cells; salts are incorporated and the contractile proteins formed. The cells become bigger, the intercellular substance largely disappears, and the concentration of water decreases. This process continues quite actively up…

  • Postojna (Slovenia)

    Postojna, city, western Slovenia, on the Pivka River northeast of Trieste (Italy). Long a local market centre, it is on the rail line and road from Trieste to Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia. Its prime importance is as a tourist centre for its Postojna Cave, an internationally famous cave system

  • Postojna Cave (cave system, Slovenia)

    Postojna: …a tourist centre for its Postojna Cave, an internationally famous cave system considered to be Europe’s best example of karst phenomena—heavily and irregularly eroded limestone structures and underground streams. References to the town date from the 13th century, and it became a borough in 1432. It became a city in…

  • Poston, Thomas Gordon (American actor)

    Tom Poston, (Thomas Gordon Poston), American actor (born Oct. 17, 1921 , Columbus, Ohio—died April 30, 2007, Los Angeles, Calif.), was best remembered for TV roles in which he portrayed a bumbling funnyman, beginning with his Emmy Award-winning role as one of the interviewees (the man who could not

  • Poston, Tom (American actor)

    Tom Poston, (Thomas Gordon Poston), American actor (born Oct. 17, 1921 , Columbus, Ohio—died April 30, 2007, Los Angeles, Calif.), was best remembered for TV roles in which he portrayed a bumbling funnyman, beginning with his Emmy Award-winning role as one of the interviewees (the man who could not

  • postoperative care (medicine)

    surgery: Present-day surgery: Preoperative and postoperative care both have the same object: to restore patients to as near their normal physiologic state as possible. Blood transfusions, intravenous administration of fluids, and the use of measures to prevent common complications such as lung infection and blood clotting in the legs are…

  • postpartum depression (psychology)

    Postpartum depression, depressive disorder sometimes occurring in mothers following childbirth (parturition). Postpartum depression is associated with various risk factors and can have serious consequences for affected women and their infants. Mothers affected by postpartum depression may, for

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