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  • Po-ai language (Northern Tai dialect)

    Tai languages: Differences in vocabulary: …in the Northern dialects (Buyei mɯn). Similarly, the word for ‘beard’ is shared by the Central group (Longzhou mum) and the Northern group (Buyei mum) but is replaced by another word in the Southwestern group (Thai nùat). In another instance the term for ‘knife’ is shared by the Southwestern…

  • Po-hai (historical state, China and Korea)

    Parhae, state established in the 8th century among the predominantly Tungusic-speaking peoples of northern Manchuria (now Northeast China) and northern Korea by a former Koguryŏ general, Tae Cho-Yŏng (Dae Jo-Yeong). Parhae was the successor state to Koguryŏ, which had occupied most of northern

  • po-keno (gambling game)

    Keno, gambling game played with cards (tickets) bearing numbers in squares, usually from 1 to 80. A player marks or circles as many of these numbers as he wishes up to the permitted maximum, after which he hands in, or registers, his ticket and pays according to how many numbers he selected. At

  • po-shan hsiang-lu (Chinese incense burner)

    Boshan xianglu, Chinese bronze censer common in the Han dynasty (206 bc–ad 220). Censers (vessels made for burning incense) of this type were made to represent the form of the Bo Mountain (Bo Shan), a mythical land of immortality. Typically, the censer has a round pedestal base with molded patterns

  • Poa (plant)

    Bluegrass, (genus Poa), in botany, the largest genus in the grass family (Poaceae), comprising more than 500 species. Bluegrasses are found in temperate and tropical climates worldwide, and several have naturalized in areas outside their native range. Many species are useful as lawn, pasture, and

  • Poa annua (plant)

    bluegrass: Annual bluegrass (P. annua), a small, light-green species, is a European introduction that has spread throughout North America; it is considered a pest in lawns.

  • Poa arachnifera (plant)

    bluegrass: Texas bluegrass (P. arachnifera), mutton grass (P. fendleriana), and plains bluegrass (P. arida) are important western forage grasses. Annual bluegrass (P. annua), a small, light-green species, is a European introduction that has spread throughout North America; it is considered a pest in lawns.

  • Poa arida (plant)

    bluegrass: fendleriana), and plains bluegrass (P. arida) are important western forage grasses. Annual bluegrass (P. annua), a small, light-green species, is a European introduction that has spread throughout North America; it is considered a pest in lawns.

  • Poa compressa (plant)

    bluegrass: Canada bluegrass (P. compressa), originally native to Europe, is a wiry plant with flat stems, similar to Kentucky bluegrass in appearance and use. Texas bluegrass (P. arachnifera), mutton grass (P. fendleriana), and plains bluegrass (P. arida) are important western forage grasses. Annual bluegrass (P. annua),…

  • Poa fendleriana (plant)

    bluegrass: arachnifera), mutton grass (P. fendleriana), and plains bluegrass (P. arida) are important western forage grasses. Annual bluegrass (P. annua), a small, light-green species, is a European introduction that has spread throughout North America; it is considered a pest in lawns.

  • Poa pratensis (plant)

    bluegrass: …species found in North America, Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis) is among the best-known. It was introduced from Eurasia. It is a popular lawn and pasture grass and is common in open areas and along roadsides. It is 30 to 100 cm (12 to 40 inches) tall, with soft, blue-green leaves;…

  • Poaceae (plant family)

    Poaceae, grass family of monocotyledonous flowering plants, a division of the order Poales. The Poaceae are the world’s single most important source of food. They rank among the top five families of flowering plants in terms of the number of species, but they are clearly the most abundant and

  • poacher (fish)

    Poacher, (family Agonidae), any of the marine fishes of the family Agonidae (order Scorpaeniformes), a group of approximately 50 species that also includes alligatorfishes, sea poachers, and starsnouts. Poachers live in cold water, on the bottom, and are found mainly in the northern Pacific Ocean.

  • poaching (cooking)

    boiling: …eggs and fish, may be poached. At the simmering point, variously specified but generally approaching the boiling temperature, the surface of the water breaks into small bubbles; simmering, in a covered or open pan, is commonly used to prepare soups, stews, and pot roasts. In blanching, boiling water is poured…

  • poaching (crime)

    Poaching, in law, the illegal shooting, trapping, or taking of game, fish, or plants from private property or from a place where such practices are specially reserved or forbidden. Poaching is a major existential threat to numerous wild organisms worldwide and is an important contributor to

  • Poage’s Settlement (Kentucky, United States)

    Ashland, city, Boyd county, northeastern Kentucky, U.S. It lies along the Ohio River just below the mouth of the Big Sandy River. The city of Ashland forms a tristate industrial complex with Ironton, Ohio, and Huntington, West Virginia. Settled in 1815 as Poage’s Settlement, it was renamed (1854)

  • Poale Zion (Jewish political organization)

    Itzhak Ben-Zvi: …to the formation of the Poale Zion World Federation in 1907. He settled in Palestine and in 1908 helped found ha-Shomer, a self-defense organization for Jewish agricultural settlements. In 1909 he founded in Jerusalem the first Hebrew high school in Palestine.

  • Poale Zion World Federation (Jewish political organization)

    Itzhak Ben-Zvi: …to the formation of the Poale Zion World Federation in 1907. He settled in Palestine and in 1908 helped found ha-Shomer, a self-defense organization for Jewish agricultural settlements. In 1909 he founded in Jerusalem the first Hebrew high school in Palestine.

  • Poales (plant order)

    Poales, grass order of flowering plants, containing the grass family (Poaceae), economically the most important order of plants, with a worldwide distribution in all climates. Poales contains more than 18,000 species of monocotyledons (that is, flowering plants characterized by a single seed leaf).

  • Poás (volcano, Costa Rica)

    Costa Rica: Relief: … (11,260 feet [3,432 metres]) and Poás (8,871 feet [2,704 metres]), have paved roads reaching to the rims of their active craters. These volcanoes, overlooking the Valle Central, pose a serious natural hazard, as do earthquakes for most of the country. Arenal Volcano (5,358 feet [1,633 metres]), about 56 miles (90…

  • Pobedonostsev, Konstantin Petrovich (Russian statesman)

    Konstantin Petrovich Pobedonostsev, Russian civil servant and conservative political philosopher, who served as tutor and adviser to the emperors Alexander III and Nicholas II. Nicknamed the “Grand Inquisitor,” he came to be the symbol of Russian monarchal absolutism. The youngest son of a Russian

  • Pobedy Peak (mountain, Asia)

    Victory Peak, mountain in the eastern Kakshaal (Kokshaal-Tau) Range of the Tien Shan, on the frontier of Kyrgyzstan and China. It was first identified in 1943 as the tallest peak (24,406 feet [7,439 metres]) in the Tien Shan range and the second highest peak in what was then the Soviet Union; it is

  • Poberezny, Paul H. (American aviator)

    Experimental Aircraft Association: …group was the idea of Paul H. Poberezny, a young officer in the Wisconsin Air National Guard who enjoyed building and designing airplanes. He and other local aviation enthusiasts had been meeting at his home on an irregular basis to share information on aircraft construction and restoration when they decided…

  • pobrecito hablador, El (Spanish newspaper)

    Mariano José de Larra: He later published another paper, El pobrecito hablador (1832–33), and then became drama critic for the nation’s finest newspaper, La revista española, under the pen name Fígaro. In 1834 his play Macías was produced and he published his only novel, El doncel de Don Enrique el doliente.

  • Pocahontas (animated film by Gabriel and Goldberg [1995])

    Alan Menken: …with lyricist Stephen Schwartz on Pocahontas (1995) and The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1996). Pocahontas won Menken his seventh and eighth Oscars, in the categories of best musical or comedy score and best original song (“Colors of the Wind”). Menken later worked with David Zippel on the score for Hercules…

  • Pocahontas (Powhatan princess)

    Pocahontas, Powhatan Indian woman who fostered peace between English colonists and Native Americans by befriending the settlers at the Jamestown Colony in Virginia and eventually marrying one of them. Among her several native names, the one best known to the English was Pocahontas (translated at

  • Pocałunki (poem by Pawłikowska-Jasnorzewska)

    Maria Pawlikowska-Jasnorzewska: …volumes of her lyric poetry—including Pocałunki (1926; “Kisses”) and Surowy jedwab (1932; “Raw Silk”)—in which she dealt with such subject matter as the loves, the disenchantments, and the carefree life of a sophisticated modern woman.

  • Pocasset (Rhode Island, United States)

    Portsmouth, town (township), Newport county, southeastern Rhode Island, U.S. Portsmouth lies on the northern end of Rhode (Aquidneck) Island and along the Sakonnet River. It was founded in 1638 by William Coddington, John Clarke, Anne Hutchinson, and associates from the Massachusetts Bay colony and

  • Pocatello (Idaho, United States)

    Pocatello, city, seat (1893) of Bannock county, southeastern Idaho, U.S., in the Portneuf River valley. Originally an intermontane stopover point on the Oregon Trail, it was settled in 1882 and named for a Shoshone Bannock Indian leader who granted rights-of-way to the railroads, surrendering a

  • Pocci, Franz (German writer)

    puppetry: Styles of puppet theatre: …encourage this development was Count Franz Pocci, a Bavarian court official of the mid-19th century, who wrote a large number of children’s plays for the traditional marionette theatre of Papa Schmid in Munich. Important also was Max Jacob, who developed the traditional folk repertoire of the German Kasperltheater, between the…

  • Poch’ŏngyo (Korean religion)

    Poch’ŏngyo, (Korean: “Universal Religion”), indigenous Korean religion, also popularly called Humch’igyo from the distinctive practice of chanting humch’i, a word said to have mystical significance. Poch’ŏngyo was founded by Kang Il-sun (1871–1909), who initially gained a following by offering to

  • pochade (art)

    sketch: The second—a pochade—is one in which he records, usually in colour, the atmospheric effects and general impressions of a landscape. The third type is related to portraiture and notes the look on a face, the turn of a head, or other physical characteristics of a prospective sitter.

  • pochard (bird)

    Pochard, (tribe Aythyini), any of the 14 to 16 species of diving ducks of the tribe Aythyini (family Anatidae, order Anseriformes), often called bay ducks. Pochards are round-bodied, big-headed, rather silent birds of deep water; they dive well, with closed wings, to feed chiefly on aquatic plants.

  • Pochen (card game)

    poker: History of poker: …which Edmond Hoyle wrote) and pochen (its name meaning “to bluff”) in Germany. From the latter the French developed a similar game called poque, first played in French America in 1803, when the Louisiana Purchase made New Orleans and its environs territories of the United States. During the next 20…

  • pochoir (art)

    stenciling: Pochoir (French: “stencil”), as distinguished from ordinary stenciling, is a highly refined technique of making fine limited editions of stencil prints. It is often called hand colouring, or hand illustration. The 20th-century artists Pablo Picasso and Joan Miró made prints in this technique for book…

  • pochteca (Aztec armed merchants)

    Mexico: The rise of the Aztecs: …ancient tradition, the merchants (pochteca) of Aztec society were organized in powerful guilds, which even started wars on their own and sent trading expeditions as far as Central America. It was on the basis of the geographic data collected by their merchants, often wandering through hostile territory, that the…

  • Pochutec language

    Mesoamerican Indian languages: The classification and status of Mesoamerican languages: In addition to these languages, there is a very long list of names identified in colonial and other early sources that are generally thought to represent extinct Uto-Aztecan groups, most in northern Mexico. No information

  • Pockels effect (physics)

    electricity: Electro-optic phenomena: …and is known as the Pockels effect (after the German physicist F. R. Pockels).

  • Pockels, F. R. (German physicist)

    electricity: Electro-optic phenomena: …effect (after the German physicist F. R. Pockels).

  • pocket billiards (game)

    Pocket billiards, a billiards game, most popular in the United States and Canada, played with a white cue ball and 15 consecutively numbered coloured balls on a rectangular table with six pockets (one at each corner and one at the midpoints of both longer sides). The dimensions of the table are

  • pocket borough (British history)

    Pocket borough, election district that is controlled by, or “in the pocket” of, one person or family. The term was used by 19th-century English parliamentary reformers to describe the many boroughs in which a relatively small population was either bribed or coerced by the leading family or l

  • pocket calculator (electronics)

    Jack Kilby: Career at Texas Instruments: …at the heart of all pocket calculators. The Pocketronic required dozens of ICs, making it too complicated and expensive to manufacture for consumers, but by 1972 TI had reduced the number of necessary ICs to one. The introduction in that year of the TI Datamath pocket calculator marked the beginning…

  • pocket edition (publishing)

    history of publishing: Italy: …of bringing out inexpensive “pocket editions” for the new readers produced by the humanist movement. Beginning in 1501 and continuing with six titles a year for the next five years, he issued a series of Latin texts that were models of scholarship and elegance. To keep down the cost,…

  • pocket gopher (rodent)

    Pocket gopher, (family Geomyidae), any of 38 species of predominantly North and Central American rodents named for their large, fur-lined cheek pouches. The “pockets” open externally on each side of the mouth and extend from the face to the shoulders; they can be everted for cleaning. The lips can

  • Pocket Hercules (Turkish athlete)

    Naim Suleymanoglu, Bulgarian-born Turkish weightlifter who dominated the sport in the mid-1980s and ’90s. Suleymanoglu, the son of a miner of Turkish descent, began lifting weights at age 10, and at age 14 he came within 2.5 kg (5.5 pounds) of a world record. At age 15 he set his first world

  • pocket magazine (periodical)

    history of publishing: Types of pocket magazines: The success of Reader’s Digest also had an influence through its format; it popularized the pocket magazine as a type. Several of the self-improving variety, such as Your Life (founded 1937) and Success Today (1946–50), were started by Wilfred J. Funk on the…

  • Pocket Money (film by Rosenberg [1972])

    Stuart Rosenberg: Films of the 1970s: The slight comedy Pocket Money (1972) had Newman again, now as a modern-day cowboy who, desperate for money, agrees to drive cattle from Mexico to the United States, though things do not go as planned; Lee Marvin was cast as a friend who joins him. The Laughing Policeman…

  • pocket mouse (rodent)

    Pocket mouse, any of 36 species of American rodents having fur-lined external cheek pouches that open alongside the mouth. The pouches are used for storing food, particularly seeds, as the animal forages. Like “true” mice and rats (family Muridae), pocket mice travel on all four limbs along the

  • pocket radio (electronic device)

    Sony: Rice cookers to transistor radios: Sony’s pocket radios were a tremendous success and brought international recognition of the company’s brand name.

  • pocket shark (fish)

    Pocket shark, (genus Mollisquama), genus of enigmatic small deepwater sharks known from only two specimens, collected in 1979 and 2010 from different marine environments. The pocket shark is most closely related to the kitefin sharks (Dalatias licha), another typically deepwater species classified

  • pocket veto (government)

    Pocket veto, the killing of legislation by a chief executive through a failure to act within a specified period following the adjournment of the legislature. In the United States, if the president does not sign a bill within 10 days of its passage by Congress, it automatically becomes law. However,

  • pocketbook flower (plant)

    Slipper flower, any of some 240 to 270 species of flowering plants native from Mexico to South America and named for their flowers’ pouchlike shape. They belong to the genus Calceolaria and the family Calceolariaceae. Many large-flowered and showy varieties of slipper flower exist in the florist

  • Pocketful of Miracles (film by Capra [1961])

    Frank Capra: The 1950s and beyond: …custody of his son, and Pocketful of Miracles (1961), a musical remake of Lady for a Day with Bette Davis, which failed to earn back its cost. As he revealed in his autobiography, The Name Above the Title (1971), Capra chose to retire after Pocketful of Miracles rather than adapt…

  • Pocketronic (electronic calculator)

    Jack Kilby: Career at Texas Instruments: …first IC-based electronic calculator, the Pocketronic, gaining himself and TI the basic patent that lies at the heart of all pocket calculators. The Pocketronic required dozens of ICs, making it too complicated and expensive to manufacture for consumers, but by 1972 TI had reduced the number of necessary ICs to…

  • Poco (American rock group)

    Poco, American band of the 1970s and ’80s that strongly influenced the development of country rock. The original members were Richie Furay (b. May 9, 1944, Yellow Springs, Ohio, U.S.), George Grantham (b. November 20, 1947, Cordell, Oklahoma), Randy Meisner (b. March 8, 1946, Scottsbluff,

  • Pocock, Lena Margaret (British actress)

    Lena Ashwell, British actress and theatrical manager well known for her work in organizing entertainment for the troops at the front during World War I. In 1917 she was awarded the Order of the British Empire. Reared and educated in Canada, Ashwell studied music at Lausanne, Switz., and at the

  • Pocock, Reginald Innes (English zoologist)

    Reginald Innes Pocock, zoologist, one of the first mammalogists to use external features, such as feet and ears, in the classification of higher animals. In 1904 Pocock became superintendent of the Zoological Garden at Regent’s Park, London. During this period (1904–23) he wrote a series of papers

  • Pocomam (people)

    Pocomam, Mayan Indians of the highlands of eastern Guatemala. The Pocomam are primarily agriculturists; they cultivate corn (maize) and beans and manufacture pottery and charcoal. Houses are built of poles or adobe, with thatch, tile, or tin roofs. The houses are scattered over the countryside, w

  • Pocomoke River (river, United States)

    Delaware: Relief: So does the Pocomoke River, which drains the Cypress Swamp, or so-called “Burnt Swamp,” in the extreme south of Delaware, athwart the Maryland line.

  • Pocomtuc (people)

    Pocomtuc, Algonquian-speaking Indians who lived in what is now western Massachusetts and adjoining parts of Connecticut and Vermont in the United States. In 1600 they were estimated to number 1,200. Like other New England tribes they were semisedentary, moving seasonally between relatively

  • Pocono Mountains (mountains, Pennsylvania, United States)

    Pocono Mountains, highland region in Wayne, Pike, Monroe, and eastern Carbon counties of northeastern Pennsylvania, U.S. The Poconos are bounded on the west by the Lehigh River; on the northwest by river valleys containing the cities of Scranton and Wilkes-Barre; and on the east by the Delaware

  • Poconos (mountains, Pennsylvania, United States)

    Pocono Mountains, highland region in Wayne, Pike, Monroe, and eastern Carbon counties of northeastern Pennsylvania, U.S. The Poconos are bounded on the west by the Lehigh River; on the northwest by river valleys containing the cities of Scranton and Wilkes-Barre; and on the east by the Delaware

  • Poços de Caldas (Brazil)

    Poços de Caldas, city, southern Minas Gerais estado (state), southeastern Brazil. It lies along a stream called Poços de Caldas, near the Pardo River. Known principally for its thermal baths, the city has resort hotels and casinos. The local soils are rich in minerals and yield thorium, zirconium,

  • pod (fruit of Fabaceae plants)

    Legume, fruit of plants in the pea family (Fabaceae). Most legumes are dehiscent fruits that release their seeds by splitting open along two seams, though some, such as peanuts (Arachis hypogaea) and carobs (Ceratonia siliqua), do not naturally open. The fruits come in a variety of sizes and

  • pod (animal behaviour)

    killer whale: Natural history: …in small groups, usually called pods, that number fewer than 40 individuals each. Resident pods and transient pods have been differentiated within the populations of British Columbia and Washington. Sound production and diet differ between them, with resident pods (that is, those that inhabit Puget Sound and nearby coastal waters)…

  • podagra (disease)

    Gout, metabolic disorder characterized by recurrent acute attacks of severe inflammation in one or more of the joints of the extremities. Gout results from the deposition, in and around the joints, of uric acid salts, which are excessive throughout the body in persons with the disorder. Uric acid

  • Podargidae (bird)

    Frogmouth, (family Podargidae), any of numerous birds, comprising the family Podargidae in the order Caprimulgiformes, named for their characteristic broad, froglike gape. Frogmouths inhabit the forests of southeastern Asia and Australia. Unlike the weak bill of the nightjars, that of the

  • Podargus (bird genus)

    caprimulgiform: Reproduction: In the genus Podargus the nest is of twigs and other plant matter and the two or three eggs are white. In Batrachostomus the nest is a pad of the birds’ own down, bound and camouflaged externally with cobwebs and lichens, one white egg being laid. Both sexes…

  • Podargus strigoides (bird)

    frogmouth: The tawny frogmouth (Podargus strigoides), of the Australian mainland and Tasmania, is about 20 inches (50 cm) long. It lays two or three eggs on a flimsy nest of twigs in the crotch of a tree. Other species occur in the Philippines, New Guinea, and the…

  • podcast

    Podcast, a “radio-style” program, usually in the MP3 digital format, disseminated over the Internet, that includes a system for subscribing to it on a World Wide Web page in such a manner that future programs are automatically downloaded. Subscribers typically transfer downloaded files to their

  • Poddar, Hanumanprasad (Indian publisher)

    Gita Press: …joined several years later by Hanumanprasad Poddar (1892–1971). This nonprofit organization made nominally priced copies of Hindu sacred texts accessible on an unprecedented scale, with “neutral,” simple-to-follow translations, abridgments, and commentaries written in the Hindi vernacular. The Gita Press’s religious-text publication program has been the version of the Hindu canon…

  • poder moderador (Brazilian history)

    Acto Adicional of 1834: …emperor, referred to as the poder moderador (“mediative power”), included the appointment of the members of the upper house of Parliament for life from lists of nominees prepared by special electors; the convening and dissolving of the lower house of Parliament, composed of popularly elected representatives; and the right to…

  • podesta (Italian official)

    Podesta, (“power”), in medieval Italian communes, the highest judicial and military magistrate. The office was instituted by the Holy Roman emperor Frederick I Barbarossa in an attempt to govern rebellious Lombard cities. From the end of the 12th century the communes became somewhat more

  • podestà (Italian official)

    Podesta, (“power”), in medieval Italian communes, the highest judicial and military magistrate. The office was instituted by the Holy Roman emperor Frederick I Barbarossa in an attempt to govern rebellious Lombard cities. From the end of the 12th century the communes became somewhat more

  • Podesta, John (United States government official)

    Donald Trump: Politics: …hackers from the account of John Podesta, Clinton’s campaign manager. On the same day, the U.S. intelligence community publicly announced its assessment that the Russian government had directed efforts by hackers to steal and release sensitive Democratic Party e-mails and other information in order to bolster the Trump campaign and…

  • Podestà, Palazzo del (palace, Bergamo, Italy)

    Donato Bramante: Lombard period: …for the facade of the Palazzo del Podestà (later altered) in Bergamo showing Classical figures of philosophers in a complex architectural setting. Vasari (though poorly informed on this period) says that Bramante, after working in various cities on “things of no great cost and little value,” went to Milan “to…

  • Podgorica (national capital, Montenegro)

    Podgorica, city, administrative centre of Montenegro. It is situated in southern Montenegro near the confluence of the Ribnica and Morača rivers. The first recorded settlement was Birziminium, a caravan stop in Roman times, though it probably was an Illyrian tribal centre earlier. As a feudal state

  • Podgorny, Nikolay (Soviet statesman)

    Nikolay Podgorny, Soviet statesman and Communist Party official. As a youth, Podgorny served as secretary in his district’s Komsomol committee. He attended the Kiev Technological Institute for the Food Industry, graduating in 1931 and subsequently working in engineering jobs in the sugar industry.

  • Podgorny, Nikolay Viktorovich (Soviet statesman)

    Nikolay Podgorny, Soviet statesman and Communist Party official. As a youth, Podgorny served as secretary in his district’s Komsomol committee. He attended the Kiev Technological Institute for the Food Industry, graduating in 1931 and subsequently working in engineering jobs in the sugar industry.

  • Podhoretz, John (American journalist)

    Commentary: John Podhoretz, Norman Podhoretz’s son, took over as editor in 2009.

  • podiatry (medicine)

    Podiatry, medical specialty dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the human foot. The ancient Egyptian Ebers medical papyrus (c. 1500 bc) records some of the earliest remedies for foot problems, and other references to foot treatment are found in the medical l

  • Podica senegalensis (bird)

    finfoot: The African finfoot (Podica senegalensis) is the largest species, 46–53 cm (18–21 inches) long. It occurs from Senegal to the Congo basin and from Ethiopia to the Cape of Good Hope. It has bright red feet and a slate-gray neck with an ill-defined whitish stripe down…

  • Podicipediformes (bird)

    Grebe, (order Podicipediformes), any member of an order of foot-propelled diving birds containing a single family, Podicipedidae, with about 20 species. They are best known for the striking courtship displays of some species and for the silky plumage of the underparts, which formerly was much used

  • Podicipitiformes (bird)

    Grebe, (order Podicipediformes), any member of an order of foot-propelled diving birds containing a single family, Podicipedidae, with about 20 species. They are best known for the striking courtship displays of some species and for the silky plumage of the underparts, which formerly was much used

  • Podil (district, Kiev, Ukraine)

    Kyiv: City layout: …former trading and Jewish quarter, Podil, with a rectangular pattern of streets and the old merchants’ trading exchange, the House of Contracts, built in 1817. Also north of the old centre is the river port. South of the centre is the Pecherskyy district, along the top of the riverbank. This…

  • Podillya (region, Ukraine)

    Podolia, region, western Ukraine, south of Volhynia and extending between the rivers Dniester and Southern Buh. The name Podolia appeared in the 14th century when the Poles began to colonize the area. Except for a period in the late 17th century when it was held by the Ottoman Turks, it was under

  • Podilymbus podiceps (bird)

    grebe: Mating behaviour: …secretive species, such as the pied-billed grebe (Podilymbus podiceps) and the dabchicks (a name given to several of the smaller grebes in genus Tachybaptus), vocalizations are relatively more important than visual displays.

  • Podişul Olteniei (plain, Romania)

    Romania: Relief: …the Olt River and the Oltenian Plateau to the west. The whole region is covered by deposits of loess, on which rich black chernozem soils have developed, providing a strong base for agriculture. The Danube floodplain is important economically, and along the entire stretch of the river, from Calafat in…

  • Podisus (stinkbug genus)

    stinkbug: The genus Podisus feeds on the Colorado potato beetle larvae and other plant pests. Zicrona caerulea, a species that occurs in China, preys on beetle larvae and adult beetles. In some areas of Mexico, Africa, and India, stinkbugs are eaten by humans.

  • podium (architecture)

    Podium, in architecture, any of various elements that form the “foot,” or base, of a structure, such as a raised pedestal or base, a low wall supporting columns, or the structurally or decoratively emphasized lowest portion of a wall. Sometimes the basement story of a building may be treated as a

  • podium (zoology)

    circulatory system: Echinodermata: …sac (or ampulla) and a tube foot (podium), which commonly has a flattened tip that can act as a sucker. Contraction of the sac results in a valve in the lateral canal closing as the contained fluid is forced into the podium, which elongates. On contact with the substratum, the…

  • Podkamennaja Tunguska River (river, Russia)

    Podkamennaya Tunguska River, tributary of the Yenisey River in western Siberia, Irkutsk oblast (province), Russia. It has a total length of 1,159 miles (1,865 km) and a drainage basin of 96,100 square miles (249,000 square km). Known in its upper section as the Katanga, it rises on the Central

  • Podkamennaya Tunguska River (river, Russia)

    Podkamennaya Tunguska River, tributary of the Yenisey River in western Siberia, Irkutsk oblast (province), Russia. It has a total length of 1,159 miles (1,865 km) and a drainage basin of 96,100 square miles (249,000 square km). Known in its upper section as the Katanga, it rises on the Central

  • Podkarpackie (province, Poland)

    Podkarpackie, województwo (province), southeastern Poland. It is bounded by the provinces of Lubelskie to the north, Małopolskie to the west, and Świętokrzyskie to the northwest and by the countries of Ukraine to the east and Slovakia to the south. Created in 1999, it is composed of the former

  • Podkopayeva, Lilia (Ukrainian athlete)

    Olympic Games: Atlanta, Georgia, U.S., 1996: …individual contests were dominated by Lilia Podkopayeva (Ukraine), who won two gold medals and one silver, including the title in the all-around. Aleksey Nemov (Russia) was the standout in the men’s gymnastics competition. His six medals, including two gold, were the most won at the 1996 Games.

  • Podlasian Lowlands (region, Poland)

    Poland: The lake region and central lowlands: …and the Mazovian (Mazowiecka) and Podlasian (Podlaska) lowlands, which lie in the middle Vistula basin. Lower Silesia and Great Poland are important agricultural areas, but many parts of the central lowlands also have large industrial centres. Warsaw, the capital, situated on the middle Vistula, is the most prominent.

  • Podlaskie (province, Poland)

    Podlaskie, województwo (province), northeastern Poland. It is bordered by Lithuania to the north and Belarus to the east, as well as by the Polish provinces of Lubelskie to the south, Mazowieckie to the southwest, and Warmińsko-Mazurskie to the northwest. As one of 16 provinces created in the

  • Podlesny, Mary (American educator)

    Nabozny v. Podlesny: At one point, Mary Podlesny, the school’s principal, allegedly stated that “boys will be boys” and that if he was going to be openly gay, then he should expect to be subjected to harassment. After completing the eighth grade, Nabozny moved on to the local high school, where…

  • podocarp (tree family)

    Podocarpaceae, family of 17 or more genera and 125–165 species of conifers (division Pinophyta, order Pinales), ornamental and timber evergreen trees and shrubs distributed mainly in the Southern Hemisphere. The seven main genera are Pherosphaera, Microcachrys, Saxegothaea, Dacrydium, Acmopyle,

  • Podocarpaceae (tree family)

    Podocarpaceae, family of 17 or more genera and 125–165 species of conifers (division Pinophyta, order Pinales), ornamental and timber evergreen trees and shrubs distributed mainly in the Southern Hemisphere. The seven main genera are Pherosphaera, Microcachrys, Saxegothaea, Dacrydium, Acmopyle,

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