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  • pinakotheca (gallery)

    Pinacotheca, a picture gallery in either ancient Greece or ancient Rome. The original pinacotheca, which housed the tablets or pictures honouring the gods, formed the left wing of the Propylaea of the Acropolis in Athens. Evidence from ancient manuscripts indicates that the pictures were separate

  • pinakotheke (gallery)

    Pinacotheca, a picture gallery in either ancient Greece or ancient Rome. The original pinacotheca, which housed the tablets or pictures honouring the gods, formed the left wing of the Propylaea of the Acropolis in Athens. Evidence from ancient manuscripts indicates that the pictures were separate

  • Pinal, Silvia (Mexican actress)

    Viridiana: …the beautiful Viridiana (played by Silvia Pinal), on the verge of taking her final vows as a nun. Before doing so, she is persuaded by her Mother Superior to visit her uncle (played by Fernando Rey), who has long been her benefactor. Once at his estate, Viridiana becomes the victim…

  • Pinang (island, Malaysia)

    Penang, island of Malaysia, lying in the Strait of Malacca off the northwest coast of peninsular Malaya, from which it is separated by a narrow strait whose smallest width is 2.5 miles (4 km). Penang Island is roughly oval in shape. It has a granitic, mountainous interior—reaching a high point of

  • pinang (plant)

    Betel, either of two different plants whose leaves and seeds are used in combination for chewing purposes throughout wide areas of southern Asia and the East Indies. The betel nut is the seed of the areca, or betel, palm (Areca catechu), family Arecaceae, and the betel leaf is from the betel

  • Pinang (Malaysia)

    George Town, leading port of Malaysia, situated on a triangular promontory in the northeastern sector of the island of Penang (Pinang). Its sheltered harbour is separated from the west coast of Peninsular (West) Malaysia by a 3-mile (5-km) channel through which international shipping approaches

  • Pinanga ridleyana (plant species)

    palm: Ecology: …crowns (Asterogyne martiana, Eugeissona minor, Pinanga ridleyana, and Daemonorops verticillaris), presumably trapping important nutrients. Some palms (Orbignya phalerata) contribute large amounts of dry matter, which, when recycled, adds to soil fertility.

  • Pinar del Río (Cuba)

    Pinar del Río, city, western Cuba. It is situated on the Guamá River, near the base of the Sierra de los Órganos. The city was founded in 1775. In 1800 it was officially named Nueva Filipina and was made capital of the western jurisdiction of Cuba. Its economic importance dates from about 1830,

  • pinaster pine (tree)

    pine: Major Eurasian pines: The cluster pine, or pinaster (P. pinaster), a vigorous grower in coastal sand, has been cultivated extensively for the purpose of stabilizing sand drifts, especially on the dunes of the Bay of Biscay and the Mediterranean. Growing to a height of 12 to 24 metres (39…

  • Pinatubo, Mount (volcano, Philippines)

    Mount Pinatubo, volcano, western Luzon, Philippines, that erupted in 1991 (for the first time in 600 years) and caused widespread devastation. Mount Pinatubo is located about 55 miles (90 km) northwest of Manila and rose to a height of about 4,800 feet (1,460 m) prior to its eruption. After two

  • Pinault, François (French businessman and art collector)

    François Pinault, French businessman and art collector who created a retail empire, especially noted for its luxury goods. Pinault’s earliest jobs were with his father’s timber company; in 1963 he founded Société Pinault, a timber and building materials firm (reorganized as Pinault SA in 1988).

  • Pinault-Printemps-Redoute (French company)

    François Pinault: …formed Pinault-Printemps-Redoute in 1994 (renamed PPR in 2005). Working through his holding company, Artémis SA (founded in 1992), he added a wide range of firms. Pinault’s purchase of a nearly 30 percent stake in British auction house Christie’s in 1998 signaled his shift toward expensive brands—and affirmed his interest in…

  • Pinax theatri botanica (book by Bauhin)

    Gaspard Bauhin: In his Pinax theatri botanica (1623; “Illustrated Exposition of Plants”), the most celebrated of the early attempts to name and catalog all known kinds of plants, he listed and described briefly about 6,000 species, while introducing the practice of naming plants by their genus and species (binomial…

  • Pinay, Antoine (prime minister of France)

    Antoine Pinay, leader of the Republican Independents in France and premier from March to December 1952. Pinay, the director of a tannery from 1919 to 1948, began his career in politics with election in 1929 as mayor of Saint-Chamond, a position he held until he retired in 1977. He was a politically

  • pinball (game)

    Pinball machine, earliest of the coin-activated popular electromechanical games, usually found in candy stores, pool halls, drinking establishments, and amusement arcades, some of which, at the height of the game’s popularity, were exclusively devoted to pinball. Pinball originated in its modern f

  • pinball game (game)

    Pinball machine, earliest of the coin-activated popular electromechanical games, usually found in candy stores, pool halls, drinking establishments, and amusement arcades, some of which, at the height of the game’s popularity, were exclusively devoted to pinball. Pinball originated in its modern f

  • pinball machine (game)

    Pinball machine, earliest of the coin-activated popular electromechanical games, usually found in candy stores, pool halls, drinking establishments, and amusement arcades, some of which, at the height of the game’s popularity, were exclusively devoted to pinball. Pinball originated in its modern f

  • Pincas, Julius (Bulgarian-born American painter)

    Jules Pascin, Bulgarian-born American painter, renowned for his delicate draftsmanship and sensitive studies of women. Born of Italian Serbian and Spanish Jewish parents, Pascin was educated in Vienna before he moved to Munich, where he attended art school in 1903. Beginning in 1904, his drawings

  • pincer (zoology)

    crustacean: Appendages: …which may bear pincers, or chelae. In crabs there is a single obvious pair of chelae, but in some of the prawns there may be up to three pairs of less conspicuous pincers. The decapod abdomen normally bears six pairs of biramous appendages, which are used in swimming in many…

  • pincers (tool)

    hand tool: Tongs, pincers, and pliers: Tongs, pincers, tweezers, and pliers have the common task of holding or gripping objects so that they may be handled more easily. The early use of fire created a new problem, that of handling hot coals. Two sticks probably served as the…

  • pinch effect (physics)

    Pinch effect, self-constriction of a cylinder of an electrically conducting plasma. When an electric current is passed through a gaseous plasma, a magnetic field is set up that tends to force the current-carrying particles together. This force can compress the plasma so that it is heated as well

  • pinch hitter (baseball)

    baseball: Substitutions: …commonly involves sending in a pinch hitter—that is, taking a hitter out of the lineup and substituting another player whose likelihood for driving the ball for a hit or a fly to the deep outfield is greater. Such a pinch hitter must be a player not already in the lineup…

  • Pinchback, Pinckney Benton Stewart (American politician)

    Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback, freeborn black who was a Union officer in the American Civil War and a leader in Louisiana politics during Reconstruction (1865–77). Pinchback was one of 10 children born to a white Mississippi planter and a former slave—whom the father had freed before the boy’s

  • pincher (zoology)

    crustacean: Appendages: …which may bear pincers, or chelae. In crabs there is a single obvious pair of chelae, but in some of the prawns there may be up to three pairs of less conspicuous pincers. The decapod abdomen normally bears six pairs of biramous appendages, which are used in swimming in many…

  • Pincher Martin (novel by Golding)

    William Golding: …death are the subject of Pincher Martin (1956). Two other novels, Free Fall (1959) and The Spire (1964), also demonstrate Golding’s belief that “man produces evil as a bee produces honey.” Darkness Visible (1979) tells the story of a boy horribly burned in the London blitz during World War II.…

  • Pincher, Chapman (British journalist)

    (Henry) Chapman Pincher, British journalist (born March 29, 1914, Ambala, British India [now in Haryana state, India]—died Aug. 5, 2014, Kintbury, Berkshire, Eng.), unraveled Cold War-era secrets as an investigative reporter for the London newspaper Daily Express; he besieged the British government

  • Pincher, Henry Chapman (British journalist)

    (Henry) Chapman Pincher, British journalist (born March 29, 1914, Ambala, British India [now in Haryana state, India]—died Aug. 5, 2014, Kintbury, Berkshire, Eng.), unraveled Cold War-era secrets as an investigative reporter for the London newspaper Daily Express; he besieged the British government

  • Pincherle, Alberto (Italian writer)

    Alberto Moravia, Italian journalist, short-story writer, and novelist known for his fictional portrayals of social alienation and loveless sexuality. He was a major figure in 20th-century Italian literature. Moravia contracted tuberculosis of the bone (a form of osteomyelitis usually caused by

  • pinching bug (insect)

    Stag beetle, (family Lucanidae), any of some 900 species of beetles (insect order Coleoptera) in which the mandibles (jaws) are greatly developed in the male and resemble the antlers of a stag. In many species the elaborately branched and toothed mandibles may be as long as the beetle itself. If

  • pinching claw (zoology)

    crustacean: Appendages: …which may bear pincers, or chelae. In crabs there is a single obvious pair of chelae, but in some of the prawns there may be up to three pairs of less conspicuous pincers. The decapod abdomen normally bears six pairs of biramous appendages, which are used in swimming in many…

  • pincho (food)

    Pintxo, (Basque: “spike”) an appetizer similar to tapas (although more typically served on top of bread), especially common in Spain’s northern Basque Country. They are often served with a skewer or toothpick, hence the name. The small plates of food are usually displayed on the tops of

  • Pinchot, Gifford (American conservationist)

    Gifford Pinchot, pioneer of U.S. forestry and conservation and public official. Pinchot graduated from Yale in 1889 and studied at the National Forestry School in Nancy, France, and in Switzerland, Germany, and Austria. Upon his return home in 1892, he began the first systematic forestry work in

  • Pincio (hill, Rome, Italy)

    Rome: Other hills: During the Roman Empire the Pincio was covered with villas and gardens, but it was made into a public park only in the 19th century. Toward sunset many Romans arrive to stroll along the Pincio promenade.

  • Pinckney plan (United States history)

    Charles Pinckney: …for a new government—called the Pinckney plan—were largely incorporated into the federal Constitution drawn up in 1787.

  • Pinckney’s Treaty (United States-Spain [1795])

    Pinckney’s Treaty, (Oct. 27, 1795), agreement between Spain and the United States, fixing the southern boundary of the United States at 31° N latitude and establishing commercial arrangements favourable to the United States. U.S. citizens were accorded free navigation of the Mississippi River

  • Pinckney, Charles (American statesman)

    Charles Pinckney, American Founding Father, political leader, and diplomat whose proposals for a new government—called the Pinckney plan—were largely incorporated into the federal Constitution drawn up in 1787. During the American Revolution, Pinckney was captured and held prisoner by the British.

  • Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth (American statesman)

    Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, American soldier, statesman, and diplomat who participated in the XYZ Affair, an unsavory diplomatic incident with France in 1798. Pinckney entered public service in 1769 as a member of the South Carolina Assembly. He served in the first South Carolina Provincial

  • Pinckney, Clementa (American politician)

    Barack Obama: Baltimore riot, Charleston shooting, Supreme Court approval of same-sex marriage, and agreement with Iran: Clementa Pinckney, a South Carolina state senator—Obama addressed gun control, race relations, and the symbolic impact of the Confederate flag, which he said represented more than just “ancestral pride” because for many it was a “reminder of systemic oppression and racial subjugation.” (In the wake…

  • Pinckney, Eliza (British-American plantation manager)

    Elizabeth Pinckney, British-American plantation manager known for the first successful cultivation of indigo in the United States, an accomplishment that subsequently helped to sustain the Carolina economy for 30 years. When her father, George Lucas, was called to military duty in Antigua in the

  • Pinckney, Elizabeth (British-American plantation manager)

    Elizabeth Pinckney, British-American plantation manager known for the first successful cultivation of indigo in the United States, an accomplishment that subsequently helped to sustain the Carolina economy for 30 years. When her father, George Lucas, was called to military duty in Antigua in the

  • Pinckney, Thomas (American statesman)

    Thomas Pinckney, American soldier, politician, and diplomat who negotiated Pinckney’s Treaty (Oct. 27, 1795) with Spain. After military service in the American Revolutionary War, Pinckney, a younger brother of the diplomat Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, turned to law and politics. He served as

  • Pinctada (oyster genus)

    conservation: Freshwater mussels and clams: Margaritiferidae. Of these, 21 have become extinct in the past century, and 70 percent are in danger of extinction. During this same period, engineers have extensively dammed and channeled North America’s rivers. The Tennessee River, for example, is dammed along its entire length from Knoxville,…

  • Pinctada fucata (oyster)

    cultured pearl: Immature pearl oyster shells (usually Pinctada fucata or Pteria penguin in Japan and Pinctada maxima in Australia) are reserved in barrels until maturation (2 to 3 years) and, when the shells reach certain size, are implanted with a tiny polished sphere of mother-of-pearl. The implanted oysters are suspended in wire…

  • Pinctada maxima (oyster)

    cultured pearl: …Pteria penguin in Japan and Pinctada maxima in Australia) are reserved in barrels until maturation (2 to 3 years) and, when the shells reach certain size, are implanted with a tiny polished sphere of mother-of-pearl. The implanted oysters are suspended in wire nets from floating rafts or contained in some…

  • Pincus, Barry Alan (American singer)

    Barry Manilow, American pop singer and songwriter who specialized in elaborately orchestrated romantic ballads, which first won him a wide audience in the 1970s. Barry Pincus grew up in a lower-class neighbourhood in Brooklyn. When he was two years old, his father left the family, and several years

  • Pincus, Gregory (American endocrinologist)

    Gregory Pincus, American endocrinologist whose work on the antifertility properties of steroids led to the development of the first effective birth-control pill. Pincus was educated at Cornell University and Harvard University (M.S., Sc.D., 1927) and also studied in England and Germany. He was a

  • Pincus, Gregory Goodwin (American endocrinologist)

    Gregory Pincus, American endocrinologist whose work on the antifertility properties of steroids led to the development of the first effective birth-control pill. Pincus was educated at Cornell University and Harvard University (M.S., Sc.D., 1927) and also studied in England and Germany. He was a

  • pincushion distortion (optics)

    aberration: …distance from the axis, and pincushion distortion, in which magnification increases with distance from the axis.

  • pincushion flower (plant, Scabiosa atropurpurea)

    scabious: Major species: Pincushion flower, also called sweet scabious, mourning bride, or garden scabious (Scabiosa atropurpurea), a southern European annual with deeply cut basal leaves and feathery stem leaves, produces fragrant 5-cm (2-inch) flower heads in white, rose, crimson, blue, or deep mahogany purple. It is about 1…

  • Pind Mountains (mountains, Europe)

    Pindus Mountains, principal range and backbone of mainland Greece, trending north-northwest–south-southeast from Albania to central Greece north of the Peloponnese (Modern Greek: Pelopónnisos). In antiquity, the name Pindus applied to ranges south of the Aracynthus (Zygós) Pass west of Thessaly

  • Pindar (Greek poet)

    Pindar, the greatest lyric poet of ancient Greece and the master of epinicia, choral odes celebrating victories achieved in the Pythian, Olympic, Isthmian, and Nemean games. Pindar was of noble birth, possibly belonging to a Spartan family, the Aegeids, though the evidence for this is inconclusive.

  • Pindar (river, India)

    Ganges River: Physiography: Mandakini, the Dhauliganga, and the Pindar—all rise in the mountainous region of northern Uttarakhand state. Of those, the two main headstreams are the Alaknanda (the longer of the two), which rises about 30 miles (50 km) north of the Himalayan peak of Nanda Devi, and the Bhagirathi, which originates at…

  • Pindar River (river, India)

    Ganges River: Physiography: Mandakini, the Dhauliganga, and the Pindar—all rise in the mountainous region of northern Uttarakhand state. Of those, the two main headstreams are the Alaknanda (the longer of the two), which rises about 30 miles (50 km) north of the Himalayan peak of Nanda Devi, and the Bhagirathi, which originates at…

  • Pindar, Peter (British writer)

    Peter Pindar, English writer of a running commentary in satirical verse on society, politics, and personalities, 1778–1817. After studying medicine at Aberdeen, Scotland, Wolcot went to Jamaica as physician to the governor in 1767. He was ordained in 1769 but then forsook the church. He returned to

  • Pindari (Indian history)

    Pindari, historically, an irregular horseman, plunderer, or forager attached to a Muslim army in India who was allowed to plunder in lieu of pay. The name is Marathi and probably derives from two words, meaning “bundle of grass” and “who takes.” The Pindaris followed the Maratha bands who raided

  • Pindari War (Indian history)

    Francis Rawdon-Hastings, 1st marquess of Hastings: …with the British against the Pindaris or war. The peshwa (titular ruler of the Maratha confederacy), the raja of Nagpur, and the army under Holkar II, ruler of Indore, chose war and were defeated. The Pindari bands were broken up, and, in a settlement, the peshwa’s territories were annexed and…

  • Pindaric ode (poetic form)

    Pindaric ode, ceremonious poem by or in the manner of Pindar, a Greek professional lyrist of the 5th century bc. Pindar employed the triadic structure attributed to Stesichorus (7th and 6th centuries bc), consisting of a strophe (two or more lines repeated as a unit) followed by a metrically

  • Pindarics (poetic form)

    Pindaric ode: …a looser version known as Pindarics. These are irregular rhymed odes in which the length of line and stanza is capriciously varied to suggest, but not reproduce, the style and manner of Pindar. These spurious Pindarics are some of the greatest odes in the English language, including John Dryden’s “Alexander’s…

  • Pindarique Odes (work by Cowley)

    Abraham Cowley: His Pindarique Odes (1656) try to reproduce the Latin poet’s enthusiastic manner through lines of uneven length and even more extravagant poetic conceits.

  • Pindaros (Greek poet)

    Pindar, the greatest lyric poet of ancient Greece and the master of epinicia, choral odes celebrating victories achieved in the Pythian, Olympic, Isthmian, and Nemean games. Pindar was of noble birth, possibly belonging to a Spartan family, the Aegeids, though the evidence for this is inconclusive.

  • Pindarus (Greek poet)

    Pindar, the greatest lyric poet of ancient Greece and the master of epinicia, choral odes celebrating victories achieved in the Pythian, Olympic, Isthmian, and Nemean games. Pindar was of noble birth, possibly belonging to a Spartan family, the Aegeids, though the evidence for this is inconclusive.

  • Pindemonte, Ippolito (Italian writer)

    Ippolito Pindemonte, Italian prose writer, translator, and poet, remembered for his pre-Romantic lyrics and particularly for his highly prized translation of the Odyssey. Born into a noble and cultivated family, Ippolito Pindemonte was educated at a college in Modena and then traveled in Europe. He

  • Pinder, Mike (British musician)

    the Moody Blues: The original members were Mike Pinder (b. December 27, 1941, Birmingham, England), Ray Thomas (b. December 29, 1941, Stourport-on-Severn, Hereford and Worcester, England), Graeme Edge (b. March 30, 1941, Rochester, Kent, England), Denny Laine (original name Brian Hines; b. October 29, 1944, near Jersey, Channel Islands), and Clint Warwick…

  • Píndhos Óros (mountains, Europe)

    Pindus Mountains, principal range and backbone of mainland Greece, trending north-northwest–south-southeast from Albania to central Greece north of the Peloponnese (Modern Greek: Pelopónnisos). In antiquity, the name Pindus applied to ranges south of the Aracynthus (Zygós) Pass west of Thessaly

  • Pindhou Mountains (mountains, Europe)

    Pindus Mountains, principal range and backbone of mainland Greece, trending north-northwest–south-southeast from Albania to central Greece north of the Peloponnese (Modern Greek: Pelopónnisos). In antiquity, the name Pindus applied to ranges south of the Aracynthus (Zygós) Pass west of Thessaly

  • Pindling, Lynden (prime minister of The Bahamas)

    Lynden Pindling , Bahamian politician who, as prime minister (1967–92), guided the Bahamas to independence in 1973 and was considered the country’s founding father. Pindling studied at the Bahamas Government High School (1943–46) and at King’s College, University of London (1948–52), from which he

  • Pindling, Sir Lynden Oscar (prime minister of The Bahamas)

    Lynden Pindling , Bahamian politician who, as prime minister (1967–92), guided the Bahamas to independence in 1973 and was considered the country’s founding father. Pindling studied at the Bahamas Government High School (1943–46) and at King’s College, University of London (1948–52), from which he

  • Pindos Mountains (mountains, Europe)

    Pindus Mountains, principal range and backbone of mainland Greece, trending north-northwest–south-southeast from Albania to central Greece north of the Peloponnese (Modern Greek: Pelopónnisos). In antiquity, the name Pindus applied to ranges south of the Aracynthus (Zygós) Pass west of Thessaly

  • Pindus Mountains (mountains, Europe)

    Pindus Mountains, principal range and backbone of mainland Greece, trending north-northwest–south-southeast from Albania to central Greece north of the Peloponnese (Modern Greek: Pelopónnisos). In antiquity, the name Pindus applied to ranges south of the Aracynthus (Zygós) Pass west of Thessaly

  • pine (plant genus)

    Pine, (genus Pinus), genus of about 120 species of evergreen conifers of the pine family (Pinaceae), distributed throughout the world but native primarily to northern temperate regions. The chief economic value of pines is in the construction and paper-products industries, but they are also sources

  • Pine Bluff (Arkansas, United States)

    Pine Bluff, city, seat (1832) of Jefferson county, central Arkansas, U.S., about 40 miles (64 km) south-southeast of Little Rock. It is situated on high bluffs overlooking the Arkansas River. Settled in 1819 as a trading post by Joseph Bonne and known as Mount Marie, it was renamed in 1832 for its

  • Pine Creek (California, United States)

    mineral deposit: Skarns: …King Island, Tasmania, Australia; and Pine Creek, California, U.S.

  • pine family (tree family)

    Pinaceae, the pine family of conifers (order Pinales), consisting of 11 genera and about 220 species of trees (rarely shrubs) native to northern temperate regions. Fir (Abies), Keteleeria, Cathaya, Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga), hemlock (Tsuga), spruce (Picea), golden larch (Pseudolarix), larch (or

  • pine grosbeak (bird)

    grosbeak: The pine grosbeak (Pinicola enucleator) of northern Eurasia and North America forages in small flocks and sometimes flies great distances in winter in search of its natural food (in Europe, mainly mountain ash berries). Adult males are a bright reddish colour, and females are mostly brown.

  • Pine Islands (islands, Spain)

    Balearic Islands: …group is known as the Pitiusas and includes the islands of Ibiza (Eivissa) and Formentera. The archipelago is an extension of the sub-Baetic cordillera of peninsular Spain, and the two are linked by a sill near Cape Nao in the province of Alicante. The Balearic Islands autonomous community was established…

  • pine marten (mammal)

    marten: The American marten (M. americana) is a North American species of northern wooded regions. It is also called pine marten; its fur is sometimes sold as American, or Hudson Bay, sable. Its adult length is 35–43 cm (14–17 inches), exclusive of the 18–23-cm (7–9-inch) tail. It…

  • pine marten (mammal, Martes martes)

    marten: The pine marten (M. martes) of European and Central Asian forests is also called baum marten and sweet marten. It has a dark brown coat with an undivided yellowish throat patch. Its head-and-body length is 42–52 cm (about 16.5–20.5 inches), with a 22–27-cm (about 9–11-inch) long…

  • Pine Meadow (Connecticut, United States)

    Windsor Locks, urban town (township), Hartford county, north-central Connecticut, U.S., on the Connecticut River. Originally settled as part of Windsor in 1663, it was known as Pine Meadow and Enfield Falls (for the rapids on its east side). Commercial development began after 1829 with the

  • Pine Mountain (mountain ridge, United States)

    Pine Mountain, ridge on the Cumberland Plateau, a section of the Appalachian Mountains in the United States, extending for 125 miles (200 km) across southeastern Kentucky, along the Virginia border, and into northern Tennessee. With average heights of 2,100 to 2,800 feet (640 to 850 m), the ridge

  • Pine Mountain Settlement School (school, Dillon, Kentucky, United States)

    Katherine Pettit: In 1913 Pettit established the Pine Mountain Settlement School near Dillon, Harlan county, a task that she carried through from the clearing of a parcel of donated timberland to the erection of buildings from the lumber. While organizing classes and extension work, as well as clinics for the treatment of…

  • pine nut (seed)

    pine: …which are sold commercially as pine nuts, piñons, or pinyons, are produced by several species. Many pines are cultivated as ornamentals, including black, white, Himalayan, and stone pines, and some are planted in reforestation projects or for windbreaks. Pine-leaf oil, used medicinally, is a distillation product of the leaves; charcoal,…

  • pine oil

    Pine oil, essential oil consisting of a colourless to light amber liquid of characteristic odour obtained from pine trees, or a synthetic oil similar in aroma and other properties. Pine oil is used as a solvent for gums, resins, and other substances. It has germicidal properties and is employed

  • Pine Point (Northwest Territories, Canada)

    Hay River: …miles (56 km) east at Pine Point. The 103-foot (32-metre) Alexandra Falls on the Hay River are 34 miles (55 km) south of the town. Pop. (2006) 3,648; (2011) 3,606.

  • Pine Ridge (South Dakota, United States)

    Wounded Knee Massacre: Context: Others rushed to Pine Ridge, where the Oglala chief Red Cloud was attempting to negotiate the preservation of Lakota traditions without bloodshed. Miniconjou Lakota chief Sitanka, known to the white Americans as Big Foot, hoped to join those at Pine Ridge and help find a peaceful resolution to…

  • Pine River (Michigan, United States)

    Charlevoix, city, seat (1869) of Charlevoix county, northwestern Michigan, U.S. It is located between Lake Charlevoix and Lake Michigan, about 50 miles (80 km) southwest of Mackinaw City and the Straits of Mackinac. Settled by fishermen by 1852, it was built on the site of an Indian village and was

  • pine siskin (bird)

    siskin: 5-inch) pine siskin (C. pinus) of North America has yellow wing and tail bars. The common siskin (C. spinus) of Europe has a black cap and yellow-tinged breast.

  • Pine Tree Hill (South Carolina, United States)

    Camden, city, seat (1791) of Kershaw county, north-central South Carolina, U.S. It was founded by English settlers along the Wateree River about 1733 and was originally known as Pine Tree Hill. It changed its name in 1768 to honour Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden, a British supporter of the colonial

  • Pine Tree State (state, United States)

    Maine, constituent state of the United States of America. The largest of the six New England states in area, it lies at the northeastern corner of the country. Its total area, including about 2,300 square miles (6,000 square km) of inland water, represents nearly half of the total area of New

  • pine weevil (insect)

    Pine weevil, any wood-boring beetle of the insect family Curculionidae (order Coleoptera). Their most unusual physical characteristic is an elongated beak, or snout. The white pine weevil (Pissodes strobi) of North America kills the central growth shoot of white pine trees, forcing one of the side

  • Pine, John (English engraver)

    John Pine, English engraver who published a number of notable illustrated books. It is not known where Pine learned his art, although he may have studied under the Frenchman Bernard Picart. He operated a printshop in London and thus was able to publish books illustrated with his own engravings. His

  • Pine, Robert Edge (British painter)

    Robert Edge Pine, English artist who painted portraits of many of the Founding Fathers of the United States. Little is known about Pine’s artistic education, but it is likely that his father, the engraver John Pine, instructed him in his youth. In 1760 his painting The Surrender of Calais won first

  • pine-flower snout beetle

    coleopteran: Annotated classification: Family Nemonychidae (pine-flower snout beetles) Small group sometimes placed in Curculionidae or Attelabidae. Superfamily Dascilloidea Forecoxae projecting; abdomen with 5 visible segments; wing with radial cell short; anal cell of wing, if present, with 1 apical vein. Family Dascillidae

  • pine-wood tar

    wood tar: Pine-wood tar, commonly called Stockholm, or Archangel, tar, is made extensively in the forests of Russia, Sweden, and Finland. It is the residue after the turpentine has been distilled, usually with the aid of steam. It is widely used in manufacturing tarred ropes and twine…

  • pineal body (anatomy)

    Pineal gland, endocrine gland found in vertebrates that is the source of melatonin, a hormone derived from tryptophan that plays a central role in the regulation of circadian rhythm (the roughly 24-hour cycle of biological activities associated with natural periods of light and darkness). The

  • pineal eye (biology)

    crustacean: The nervous system: Single median eyes are also found in crustaceans, particularly in the nauplius larvae. Only three or four simple units are usually found in the nauplius eye, which is innervated by a median nerve from the forebrain. The median eye also may persist through to the adult…

  • pineal gland (anatomy)

    Pineal gland, endocrine gland found in vertebrates that is the source of melatonin, a hormone derived from tryptophan that plays a central role in the regulation of circadian rhythm (the roughly 24-hour cycle of biological activities associated with natural periods of light and darkness). The

  • pineal organ (anatomy)

    Pineal gland, endocrine gland found in vertebrates that is the source of melatonin, a hormone derived from tryptophan that plays a central role in the regulation of circadian rhythm (the roughly 24-hour cycle of biological activities associated with natural periods of light and darkness). The

  • pineal tumour (pathology)

    Pineal tumour, mass of abnormal tissue arising in the pineal gland and occurring most often in children and young adults. Pineal tumours are rare. The most frequently occurring of these are germ cell tumours (germinomas and teratomas), which arise from embryonic remnants of germ cells (precursors

  • pineapple (plant and fruit)

    Pineapple, (Ananas comosus), perennial plant of the family Bromeliaceae and its edible fruit. Pineapple is native to tropical and subtropical America and has been introduced elsewhere. The fruit has become a characteristic ingredient in the meat, vegetable, fish, and rice dishes of what is loosely

  • Pineapple Express (film by Green [2008])

    Judd Apatow: …Will Ferrell; the buddy movie Pineapple Express (2008), featuring Rogen and James Franco; and the Jason Segel-starring romantic comedies Forgetting Sarah Marshall (2008) and The Five-Year Engagement (2012). In a change for Apatow, the movie Bridesmaids (2011) and the HBO TV series Girls

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