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  • Holarctic realm (faunal region)

    Holarctic region, one of the six major land areas of the world defined on the basis of its characteristic animal life. It encompasses all the nontropical parts of Europe and Asia, Africa north of the Sahara, and North America south to the Mexican desert region. This vast region is often subdivided

  • Holarctic region (faunal region)

    Holarctic region, one of the six major land areas of the world defined on the basis of its characteristic animal life. It encompasses all the nontropical parts of Europe and Asia, Africa north of the Sahara, and North America south to the Mexican desert region. This vast region is often subdivided

  • Holbach, Paul-Henri Dietrich, baron d’ (French philosopher)

    Paul-Henri Dietrich, baron d’Holbach, French encyclopaedist and philosopher, a celebrated exponent of atheism and Materialism, whose inherited wealth allowed him to entertain many of the noted philosophers of the day, some of whom (comte de Buffon, J.-J. Rousseau, d’Alembert) reportedly withdrew

  • Holbæk (Denmark)

    Holbæk, city and port, northern Sjælland (Zealand), Denmark, on Holbæk Fjord. An old-established market town chartered in 1250, it is a rail junction with small industries and a modern harbour, which contains a large marina. The local museum comprises farmsteads, workshops, and merchants’ houses of

  • Holbein rug (decorative arts)

    Holbein rug, any of several types of 15th- to 17th-century Anatolian floor coverings, the patterns of which appear in paintings by the German painter Hans Holbein the Younger (1497/8–1593). The best-known of these have, in diagonal rows, small octagons with interlaced outlines and a group of

  • Holbein, Hans, the Elder (German painter)

    Hans Holbein, the Elder, German painter associated with the Augsburg school. He was the senior member of a family of painters that included his brother Sigmund and his sons Ambrosius (c. 1494–1519/20) and the famous Hans Holbein the Younger. Nothing is known of Holbein’s early life and training,

  • Holbein, Hans, the Younger (German painter)

    Hans Holbein the Younger, German painter, draftsman, and designer, renowned for the precise rendering of his drawings and the compelling realism of his portraits, particularly those recording the court of King Henry VIII of England. Holbein was a member of a family of important artists. His father,

  • Holberg International Memorial Prize (international prize)

    Bruno Latour: …2013 he was awarded the Holberg International Memorial Prize, which is given for outstanding achievement in the arts, humanities, social sciences, law, and theology. The award recognized Latour for his influential ethnographic and theoretical studies of science and technology in society.

  • Holberg Prize (international prize)

    Bruno Latour: …2013 he was awarded the Holberg International Memorial Prize, which is given for outstanding achievement in the arts, humanities, social sciences, law, and theology. The award recognized Latour for his influential ethnographic and theoretical studies of science and technology in society.

  • Holberg, Ludvig, Friherre Holberg (Scandinavian author)

    Ludvig Holberg, Baron Holberg, the outstanding Scandinavian literary figure of the Enlightenment period, claimed by both Norway and Denmark as one of the founders of their literatures. Orphaned as a child, Holberg lived with relatives in Bergen until the city was destroyed by fire in 1702, when he

  • Holborn (neighbourhood and former borough, London, United Kingdom)

    Holborn, neighbourhood and former metropolitan borough (until 1965) of London. Now part of the borough of Camden, it lies northwest of the City of London and south of the Islington neighbourhood of Clerkenwell. Gray’s Inn and Lincoln’s Inn, two of the four Inns of Court, are central features of the

  • Holbrook, Hal (American actor)

    Hal Holbrook, American actor best known for his exacting portrayal of author Mark Twain in his one-man show, Mark Twain Tonight!, which ran for more than six decades. Holbrook’s parents abandoned him and his siblings when he was two years old, and the children were raised thereafter by their

  • Holbrook, Harold Rowe, Jr. (American actor)

    Hal Holbrook, American actor best known for his exacting portrayal of author Mark Twain in his one-man show, Mark Twain Tonight!, which ran for more than six decades. Holbrook’s parents abandoned him and his siblings when he was two years old, and the children were raised thereafter by their

  • Holbrook, Josiah (American educator)

    lyceum movement: …1826 in Millbury, Massachusetts, by Josiah Holbrook, a teacher and lecturer. The lyceum movement, named for the place where Aristotle lectured to the youth of ancient Greece, was led by voluntary local associations that gave people an opportunity to hear debates and lectures on topics of current interest. The American…

  • Holbrooke, Josef (British composer)

    Josef Holbrooke, composer whose works were popular in England in the early 20th century. His operas, of Wagnerian proportions, include the trilogy The Cauldron of Annwyn, based on Welsh legends: The Children of Don, 1912; Dylan, 1914; and Bronwen, 1929. Holbrooke was a prolific composer, but his

  • Holbrooke, Richard (American diplomat)

    Richard Holbrooke, American diplomat who brokered the Dayton Accords (1995) to end the conflict in Bosnia and Herzegovina, served as U.S. ambassador to the United Nations (UN; 1999–2001), and was the special representative to Afghanistan and Pakistan (2009–10) in the administration of Pres. Barack

  • Holbrooke, Richard Charles Albert (American diplomat)

    Richard Holbrooke, American diplomat who brokered the Dayton Accords (1995) to end the conflict in Bosnia and Herzegovina, served as U.S. ambassador to the United Nations (UN; 1999–2001), and was the special representative to Afghanistan and Pakistan (2009–10) in the administration of Pres. Barack

  • Holcomb (Illinois, United States)

    Mundelein, village, Lake county, northeastern Illinois, U.S. A suburb of Chicago, it lies 35 miles (55 km) north-northwest of downtown. Before settlement the area was inhabited by Potawatomi Indians. The village was founded in 1835 and was successively known as Mechanics Grove, for the English

  • Holcomb, Steven (American athlete)

    Steven Holcomb, American bobsled pilot whose impressive results include a gold medal in the four-man event at the 2010 Olympic Winter Games in Vancouver. As a youth growing up in Park City, Utah, Holcomb spent many years Alpine skiing before deciding in 2002 to try professional bobsledding. That

  • Holcroft, Thomas (English dramatist)

    Thomas Holcroft, English dramatist, novelist, journalist, and actor. The son of a peddler, Holcroft worked as a stableboy, cobbler, and teacher before he was able to make his living as a writer. He is remembered for his melodrama The Road to Ruin (performed 1792, often revived); his translation of

  • Holcus lanatus (plant)

    Velvet grass, (Holcus lanatus), perennial grass in the family Poaceae, native to Europe and Africa. Velvet grass, so called because the entire plant has a velvety feel when touched, was introduced into Australia and North America as a forage species. It now grows as a weed in damp places such as

  • hold (phonetics)

    stop: …beginning of the blockage; the hold (occlusion); and the release (explosion), or opening of the air passage again. A stop differs from a fricative (q.v.) in that, with a stop, occlusion is total, rather than partial. Occlusion may occur at various places in the vocal tract from the glottis to…

  • Hold Back the Dawn (film by Leisen [1941])

    Billy Wilder: Early life and work: …during this period was Leisen’s Hold Back the Dawn (1941), a compelling drama about a suave European refugee (played by Charles Boyer) stranded in Mexico who uses his wiles to entice an American schoolteacher (Olivia de Havilland) into marriage so that he can gain entry into the United States.

  • Hold Everything (film by Del Ruth [1930])

    Roy Del Ruth: Early films: …which was the boxing comedy Hold Everything, which starred Joe E. Brown. He made a bigger impact a year later with The Maltese Falcon, the first film adaptation of Dashiell Hammett’s famed novel, with Ricardo Cortez as Sam Spade. Although initially praised, the movie was largely forgotten after John Huston’s…

  • Hold On (song by Alabama Shakes)

    Alabama Shakes: … nominations, and the single “Hold On” topped Rolling Stone magazine’s list of best songs of 2012.

  • Hold That Ghost (film by Lubin [1941])

    the Andrews Sisters: Privates, In the Navy, and Hold That Ghost (all 1941), and appearing in their own series of musical comedies, which included Private Buckaroo (1942), What’s Cookin’? (1942), and Swingtime Johnny (1943). The trio’s many hits from these years included “Hold Tight,” “Don’t Sit Under the Apple Tree,” “Rum and Coca-Cola,”…

  • Holden v. Hardy (law case)

    Lochner v. New York: Majority and dissenting opinions: ” Citing Holden v. Hardy (1898)—in which the court had upheld an hours law that applied to workers in dangerous occupations, including mining—Peckham then asked whether any proof existed to show that baking was a dangerous or unhealthful trade, and he concluded that none did (here he…

  • Holden, Stanley (British dancer and ballet teacher)

    Stanley Holden, (Stanley Waller), British dancer and ballet teacher (born Jan. 27, 1928, London, Eng.—died May 11, 2007, Thousand Oaks, Calif.), combined strong dance technique with a natural sense of fun to create memorable comic characters, notably Pierrot in John Cranko’s Harlequin in April, Dr.

  • Holden, Thomas (English puppeteer)

    puppetry: Marionettes or string puppets: …century, when the English marionettist Thomas Holden created a sensation with his ingenious figures and was followed by many imitators. Before that time, the control of marionettes seems to have been by a stout wire to the crown of the head, with subsidiary strings to the hands and feet; even…

  • Holden, William (American actor)

    William Holden, American film star who perfected the role of the cynic who acts heroically in spite of his scorn or pessimism. Beedle grew up in South Pasadena, California. While attending Pasadena Junior College, he acted in local radio plays and became involved with the Pasadena Playhouse. He was

  • Holdenville (Oklahoma, United States)

    Holdenville, city, seat (1907) of Hughes county, central Oklahoma, U.S. Founded in 1895 and originally called Fentress, the town site was renamed for J.F. Holden, general manager of the Choctaw, Oklahoma and Gulf Railroad. The city lies on the edge of the Greater Seminole Oil Field and is a market

  • Holder of the World, The (novel by Mukherjee)

    Bharati Mukherjee: …later novels, Jasmine (1989) and The Holder of the World (1993). The former work, among her best known, centres on a Punjabi woman living in Florida, and the latter tells of a contemporary American woman drawn into the life of a Puritan ancestor who ran off with a Hindu raja.

  • Holder v. Humanitarian Law Project (United States law case)

    USA PATRIOT Act: Criticism: In Holder v. Humanitarian Law Project (2010), the U.S. Supreme Court held that the act’s definition of “material support” as including expert advice or assistance did not violate the freedoms of speech and association.

  • Holder, Alfred Theophil (Austrian language scholar)

    Alfred Theophil Holder, Austrian-born language scholar of astonishing productivity in classical and medieval Latin, Germanic, and Celtic studies who produced the monumental Altceltischer Sprachschatz, 3 vol. (1891–1913; “Old Celtic Vocabulary”). One of Holder’s first major efforts was a two-volume

  • Holder, Charles Frederick (American fisherman)

    fishing: Big-game fishing: …was pioneered in 1898 by Charles Frederick Holder, who took a 183-pound (83-kg) bluefin tuna off Santa Catalina Island, California. Fish usually caught by big-game anglers include tuna, marlin, swordfish, and shark. Big-game fishing spread to the Atlantic, and catches of increasing size were made on relatively light tackle and…

  • Holder, Eric (American lawyer and official)

    Eric Holder, American lawyer who was the first African American to serve as U.S. attorney general (2009–15). Holder grew up in Queens, New York, and attended the prestigious Stuyvesant High School before enrolling at Columbia University. After graduating with a degree in American history (1973), he

  • Holder, Eric Himpton., Jr. (American lawyer and official)

    Eric Holder, American lawyer who was the first African American to serve as U.S. attorney general (2009–15). Holder grew up in Queens, New York, and attended the prestigious Stuyvesant High School before enrolling at Columbia University. After graduating with a degree in American history (1973), he

  • Holder, Geoffrey (American actor, director and painter)

    Geoffrey Lamont Holder, American actor, singer, dancer, choreographer, costume designer, and artist (born Aug. 1, 1930, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago—died Oct. 5, 2014, New York, N.Y.), possessed a Caribbean-inflected mellifluous bass voice and an array of talents that he used to forge a

  • Holder, Geoffrey Lamont (American actor, director and painter)

    Geoffrey Lamont Holder, American actor, singer, dancer, choreographer, costume designer, and artist (born Aug. 1, 1930, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago—died Oct. 5, 2014, New York, N.Y.), possessed a Caribbean-inflected mellifluous bass voice and an array of talents that he used to forge a

  • Hölderlin, Friedrich (German poet)

    Friedrich Hölderlin, German lyric poet who succeeded in naturalizing the forms of classical Greek verse in German and in melding Christian and classical themes. Hölderlin was born in a little Swabian town on the River Neckar. His father died in 1772, and two years afterward his mother married the

  • Hölderlin, Johann Christian Friedrich (German poet)

    Friedrich Hölderlin, German lyric poet who succeeded in naturalizing the forms of classical Greek verse in German and in melding Christian and classical themes. Hölderlin was born in a little Swabian town on the River Neckar. His father died in 1772, and two years afterward his mother married the

  • Holderness (peninsula and region, England, United Kingdom)

    Holderness, low-lying peninsula and geographic region, geographic county of East Riding of Yorkshire, historic county of Yorkshire, England, between the River Humber estuary and the North Sea. The plain of Holderness terminates in a line of unstable clay cliffs along the coast of the North Sea to

  • holdfast (anatomy)

    echinoderm: Locomotion: …ends of the stalks called holdfasts. Some fossil and living forms release themselves to move to new attachment areas. The unstalked crinoids (feather stars) generally swim by thrashing their numerous arms up and down in a coordinated way; for example, in a 10-armed species, when arms 1, 3, 5, 7,…

  • holdfast (carpentry)

    hand tool: Workbench and vise: …what are variously known as bench stops, holdfasts, or dogs. The stems of these T-shaped iron fittings were set into holes in the workbench, and a sharp end of the horizontal part of the T was turned to engage the wood.

  • Holdheim, Samuel (German rabbi)

    Samuel Holdheim, German rabbi who became a founder and leader of radical Reform Judaism. His theological positions were radical even within the Reform movement. From 1836 to 1840 Holdheim officiated as a rabbi at Frankfurt an der Oder. In 1840 he went as Landesrabbiner (rabbi of a whole province)

  • holding company (business)

    Holding company, a corporation that owns enough voting stock in one or more other companies to exercise control over them. A corporation that exists solely for this purpose is called a pure holding company, while one that also engages in a business of its own is called a holding-operating company.

  • holding gain (accounting)

    accounting: Problems of measurement and the limitations of financial reporting: …include all of the company’s holding gains or losses (increases or decreases in the market values of its assets). For example, the construction of an expressway nearby may increase the value of a company’s land, but neither the income statement nor the balance sheet will reflect this holding gain. Similarly,…

  • holding loss (accounting)

    accounting: Problems of measurement and the limitations of financial reporting: …the company’s holding gains or losses (increases or decreases in the market values of its assets). For example, the construction of an expressway nearby may increase the value of a company’s land, but neither the income statement nor the balance sheet will reflect this holding gain. Similarly, the introduction of…

  • holding stack (air-traffic control)

    traffic control: Traffic elements: Traditional approach control using stacks (see below) placed a heavy burden on the airport traffic controllers to monitor many planes in the air. After the 1981 air traffic controller strike in the United States and the subsequent dismissal of approximately 10,000 controllers, the Federal Aviation Administration instituted a policy…

  • Holding the Line: Women in the Great Arizona Mine Strike of 1983 (work by Kingsolver)

    Barbara Kingsolver: Kingsolver also wrote the nonfictional Holding the Line: Women in the Great Arizona Mine Strike of 1983 (1989), which records the endeavours of a group of women fighting the repressive policies of a mining corporation. Essay collections such as High Tide in Tucson: Essays from Now or Never (1995) and…

  • Holding, Michael (West Indian cricketer)

    Michael Holding, West Indian cricketer, a dominant fast bowler who starred on the powerful West Indian international team of the 1970s and ’80s. In 60 Tests he earned 249 wickets, and in 102 one-day internationals, he took 142 wickets. In 1981 Holding bowled what many cricket historians regard as

  • Holding, Michael Anthony (West Indian cricketer)

    Michael Holding, West Indian cricketer, a dominant fast bowler who starred on the powerful West Indian international team of the 1970s and ’80s. In 60 Tests he earned 249 wickets, and in 102 one-day internationals, he took 142 wickets. In 1981 Holding bowled what many cricket historians regard as

  • Holding, Thomas Hiram (British camping enthusiast)

    camping: History: …of modern recreational camping was Thomas Hiram Holding, who wrote the first edition of The Camper’s Handbook in 1908. His urge to camp derived from his experiences as a boy: in 1853 he crossed the prairies of the United States in a wagon train, covering some 1,200 miles (1,900 km)…

  • holding-operating company (business)

    holding company: …its own is called a holding-operating company. A holding company typically owns a majority of stock in a subsidiary, but if ownership of the remaining shares is widely diffused, even minority ownership may suffice to give the holding company control. A holding company provides a means of concentrating control of…

  • hole (chess)

    chess: Steinitz and the theory of equilibrium: He originated the term “hole” to mean a vulnerable square that has lost its pawn protection and can be occupied favourably by an enemy piece.

  • hole (solid-state physics)

    Hole, in condensed-matter physics, the name given to a missing electron in certain solids, especially semiconductors. Holes affect the electrical, optical, and thermal properties of the solid. Along with electrons, they play a critical role in modern digital technology when they are introduced into

  • Hole (American rock band)

    Courtney Love: In 1989 Love formed Hole with the guitarist Eric Erlandson, the bassist Jill Emery, and the drummer Caroline Rue. Hole was known for its intense raw sound and unpredictable live shows, and the band quickly gained wide acclaim for its debut album, Pretty on the Inside (1991), produced by…

  • Hole in Texas, A (novel by Wouk)

    Herman Wouk: His later novels included A Hole in Texas (2004) and The Lawgiver (2012). The memoir Sailor and Fiddler: Reflections of a 100-Year-old Author was published in 2015.

  • Hole in the Head, A (film by Capra [1959])

    Frank Capra: The 1950s and beyond: Capra’s final two films were A Hole in the Head (1959), in which Frank Sinatra starred as hotelier whose irresponsibility nearly costs him custody of his son, and Pocketful of Miracles (1961), a musical remake of Lady for a Day with Bette Davis, which failed to earn back its cost.…

  • Hole in the Wall (canyon, Wyoming, United States)

    Wild Bunch: Their chief hideouts were Hole in the Wall, a nearly inaccessible grassy canyon and rocky retreat in north-central Wyoming; Brown’s Hole (now Brown’s Park), a hidden valley of the Green River, near the intersection of the borders of Wyoming, Colorado, and Utah; Robbers’ Roost, a region of nearly impenetrable…

  • Hole in the Wall Gang Camp (camp, Connecticut, United States)

    Paul Newman: Philanthropy: In 1988 he founded the Hole in the Wall Gang Camp in northeastern Connecticut for children with serious medical conditions. At the beginning of the 21st century, Hole in the Wall had expanded to 14 camps located around the world. Newman later helped establish (2006) a gourmet restaurant to support…

  • Hole in the Wall, The (film by Florey [1929])

    Claudette Colbert: …made her first talking picture, The Hole in the Wall, with Edward G. Robinson in an early gangster role. Colbert did not return to Broadway for more than 25 years.

  • Hole, Harry (fictional character)

    Jo Nesbø: …crime novels featuring hard-boiled detective Harry Hole (pronounced Hoo-la in Norwegian).

  • hole-electron pair (physics)

    materials science: Photovoltaics: The electron motion, and the movement of holes in the opposite direction, constitute an electric current. The force that drives electrons and holes through a circuit is created by the junction of two dissimilar semiconducting materials, one of which has a tendency to give up electrons…

  • Holectypus (fossil echinoderm genus)

    Holectypus, genus of extinct echinoids, animals much like the modern sea urchins and sand dollars, found as fossils exclusively in marine rocks of Jurassic to Cretaceous age (between 200 million and 65.5 million years ago). Holectypus was bun shaped with a flat bottom and arched

  • Holes (film by Davis [2003])

    Patricia Arquette: …Dead (1999), the children’s film Holes (2003), and Linklater’s Fast Food Nation (2006). She acted in the latter film while already working with Linklater on Boyhood. Arquette’s later movies included Permanent (2017), a coming-of-age tale set in 1983, and Otherhood (2019), a comedy in which three empty nesters attempt to…

  • Holger Danske (Danish legendary figure)

    Ogier The Dane, an important character in the French medieval epic poems called chansons de geste. His story is told in a cycle of these poems known as Geste de Doon de Mayence, which deals with the wars of the feudal barons against the emperor Charlemagne. The character of Ogier has a historical

  • Holger Danske (opera Kunzen and Baggesen)

    Jens Baggesen: …the first major Danish opera, Holger Danske (1789; “Ogier the Dane,” music by Friedrich Kunzen), received adverse criticism (mainly because of its supposed lack of nationalism), Baggesen traveled through Germany, Switzerland, and France. The journey became the basis of his most important book, the imaginative prose work Labyrinten (1792–93; “The…

  • Holguín (Cuba)

    Holguín, city, southeastern Cuba. Founded in the early 16th century, it became a centre of insurgency movements and suffered intensely the effects of the Ten Years’ War (1868–78) and the 1895–98 struggle for independence. Holguín, located on fertile rolling plains, is now an important

  • Holi (Ndebele social class)

    Ndebele: …and a lower class (Lozwi, or Holi), derived from the original inhabitants. Men of all classes were organized into age groups that served as fighting units. The men of a regiment, after marriage, continued to live in their fortified regimental village.

  • Holi (Hindu festival)

    Holi, Hindu spring festival celebrated throughout North India on the full-moon day of Phalguna (February–March). Participants throw coloured water and powders on one another, and, on this one day only, license is given for the usual rankings of caste, gender, status, and age to be reversed. In the

  • Holi (Hindu demon)

    Holi: …the burning of the demoness Holika (or Holi), who was enlisted by her brother, Hiranyakashipu, in his attempt to kill his son Prahlada because of the latter’s unshakable devotion to Vishnu. The burning of Holika prompts worshippers to remember how Vishnu (in the form of a lion-man, Narasimha) attacked and…

  • holiday (social practice)

    Holiday, (from “holy day”), originally, a day of dedication to religious observance; in modern times, a day of either religious or secular commemoration. Many holidays of the major world religions tend to occur at the approximate dates of more ancient, pagan festivals. In the case of Christianity,

  • Holiday (film by Cukor [1938])

    George Cukor: The films of the mid- to late 1930s: …conventions to be together in Holiday (1938), Cukor’s adaptation of Philip Barry’s play. The theme of lovers and friends divided by social class or circumstance recurred frequently in Cukor’s work.

  • Holiday (novel by Middleton)

    Stanley Middleton: …basis for a relationship; and Holiday (1974; cowinner of a Booker Prize), which concerns remembered childhood summer vacations and a hiatus taken from a marriage. Middleton’s other novels include The Other Side (1980), about marital infidelity, Valley of Decision (1985), Changes and Chances (1990), Beginning to End (1991), and A…

  • Holiday House (book by Sinclair)

    children's literature: From T.W. to Alice (1712?–1865): …“realistic” children’s family novel is Holiday House (1839), by Catherine Sinclair, in which at last there are children who are noisy, even naughty, yet not destined for purgatory. Though Miss Sinclair’s book does conclude with a standard deathbed scene, the overall atmosphere is one of gaiety. The victories in the…

  • Holiday in Mexico (film by Sidney [1946])

    George Sidney: Bathing Beauty and Anchors Aweigh: Sidney followed that hit with Holiday in Mexico (1946), a popular musical comedy that featured Jane Powell as a teenager who falls in love with pianist José Iturbi (playing himself) while trying to find a spouse for her father (Walter Pidgeon).

  • Holiday Inn (film by Sandrich [1942])

    Mark Sandrich: …Sandrich made the bucolic musical Holiday Inn, an enormous box-office success that featured Irving Berlin’s Oscar-winning song “White Christmas.” That film starred Bing Crosby as an entertainer who retires and opens an inn; Astaire was cast as his former stage partner.

  • Holiday Morning at the Suleymaniye Mosque, A (poem by Beyatlı)
  • Holiday on Ice (ice show)

    figure skating: Ice shows: The Holiday on Ice shows were presented on ingenious mobile rinks, complete with portable refrigeration equipment that could be set up indoors or out. In northern European countries, especially in Great Britain, Russia, and the Scandinavian countries, elaborate pantomimes with stories portrayed on ice have been…

  • Holiday, Billie (American jazz singer)

    Billie Holiday, American jazz singer, one of the greatest from the 1930s to the ’50s. Eleanora (her preferred spelling) Harris was the daughter of Clarence Holiday, a professional musician who for a time played guitar with the Fletcher Henderson band. She and her mother used her maternal

  • Holiday, The (film by Meyers [2006])

    Nancy Meyers: In the crowd-pleaser The Holiday (2006), two women (Kate Winslet and Cameron Diaz) switch homes after undergoing painful break-ups and subsequently find new love interests. Meyers then directed It’s Complicated (2009), about a divorced bakery owner (Meryl Streep) who has an affair with her ex-husband (Alec Baldwin) while…

  • Holies, Holy of (Judaism)

    Holy of Holies, the innermost and most sacred area of the ancient Temple of Jerusalem, accessible only to the Israelite high priest. Once a year, on Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, he was permitted to enter the square, windowless enclosure to burn incense and sprinkle sacrificial animal blood. B

  • Holika (Hindu demon)

    Holi: …the burning of the demoness Holika (or Holi), who was enlisted by her brother, Hiranyakashipu, in his attempt to kill his son Prahlada because of the latter’s unshakable devotion to Vishnu. The burning of Holika prompts worshippers to remember how Vishnu (in the form of a lion-man, Narasimha) attacked and…

  • Holiness Church (American Pentecostal church)

    Church of God, any of several Pentecostal churches that developed in the U.S. South from the late 19th- and early 20th-century Latter Rain revival, based on a belief that a second rain of the gifts of the Holy Spirit would occur similar to that of the first Christian Pentecost. They adhere to an

  • Holiness Church of Christ (church, United States)

    Church of the Nazarene: In 1908 the Holiness Church of Christ (with origins in the southwestern states from 1894 to 1905) joined the denomination. Later mergers brought in other groups. The term Pentecostal, increasingly associated with glossolalia (“speaking in tongues”), a practice foreign to the Nazarenes, was dropped from the name of…

  • Holiness movement (American history)

    Holiness movement, religious movement that arose in the 19th century among Protestant churches in the United States, characterized by a doctrine of sanctification centring on a postconversion experience. The numerous Holiness churches that arose during this period vary from quasi-Methodist sects to

  • Holiness, Code of (biblical regulations)

    Code of Holiness, collection of secular, ritualistic, moral, and festival regulations in the Old Testament Book of Leviticus, chapters 17–26. The code stresses that the people of Israel are separated from the rest of the world because Yahweh (God) has chosen them. They are to demonstrate their

  • Holinshed, Raphael (English chronicler)

    Raphael Holinshed, English chronicler, remembered chiefly because his Chronicles enjoyed great popularity and became a quarry for many Elizabethan dramatists, especially Shakespeare, who found, in the second edition, material for Macbeth, King Lear, Cymbeline, and many of his historical plays.

  • holism (philosophy)

    Holism, In the philosophy of the social sciences, the view that denies that all large-scale social events and conditions are ultimately explicable in terms of the individuals who participated in, enjoyed, or suffered them. Methodological holism maintains that at least some social phenomena must be

  • holistic medicine (philosophy)

    Holistic medicine, a doctrine of preventive and therapeutic medicine that emphasizes the necessity of looking at the whole person—his body, mind, emotions, and environment—rather than at an isolated function or organ and which promotes the use of a wide range of health practices and therapies. It

  • Holkar dynasty (Indian dynasty)

    Holkar dynasty, Maratha rulers of Indore in India. The family, of peasant origin and of shepherd caste, was said to have migrated from the Mathura region to the Deccan village of Hol, or Hal, the name of which, coupled with kar (“inhabitant of”), became the family surname. The dynasty’s founder,

  • Holkeri, Harri Hermanni (prime minister of Finland)

    Harri Hermanni Holkeri, Finnish politician (born Jan. 6, 1937, Oripää, Fin.—died Aug. 7, 2011, Helsinki, Fin.), devoted his life to a political career that culminated in his service as prime minister of Finland (1987–91) and his role in brokering (alongside Canadian Gen. John de Chastelain and

  • Holkham Hall (house, Norfolk, England, United Kingdom)

    Palladianism: Holkham Hall, Norfolk (begun 1734), was built by Kent, who is also credited with having invented the English landscape garden. The other notable English Palladian architects were Henry Flitcroft, Isaac Ware, James Paine, Roger Morris, and John Wood the Elder.

  • Holl, Steven (American architect and artist)

    Steven Holl , American architect and artist whose built work draws on contemporary theories of phenomenology. Instead of imposing a style on a site, he argued, the site itself should generate the “architectural idea” applied to it. After attending the University of Washington (B.A., 1971), Holl

  • Holladay, Ben (American businessman)

    William George Fargo: …the Pony Express, stagecoach king Ben Holladay—Wells Fargo’s chief competitor—stepped in and acquired that eastern leg from Russell, Majors & Waddell. That splintered competition continued for several years until the “grand consolidation” of 1866, when Wells Fargo gained control of all Holladay and Overland Mail routes, making it the undisputed…

  • Holland (historical region, Netherlands)

    Holland, historical region of the Netherlands, divided since 1840 into the provinces of Noord-Holland (North Holland) and Zuid-Holland (South Holland). It constitutes the flat, low-lying northwestern portion of the modern country. Holland originated in the early 12th century as a fief of the Holy

  • Holland (submarine)

    Holland, submersible vessel considered the principal forerunner of the modern submarine, designed by John Holland for the United States Navy and accepted by the Navy in 1900. It was 53 feet (16 metres) long, displaced 74 tons, and was armed with a gun that could fire a 100-pound (45-kilogram)

  • holland (cloth)

    Holland, plainwoven unbleached or dull-finish linen used as furniture covering or a cotton fabric that is made more or less opaque by a glazed or unglazed finish (called the Holland finish), consisting of oil and a filling material. Originally the name was applied to any fine, plainwoven linens

  • Holland (former division, England, United Kingdom)

    Parts of Holland, formerly one of the three separately administered divisions of the historic county of Lincolnshire, England. It now forms two county districts; the borough of Boston, the northern portion, includes the ancient port and its rural surroundings, while the mainly rural South Holland

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