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  • Hervieu, Paul-Ernest (French author)

    Paul Hervieu, French novelist and playwright, most of whose dramas were tragedies centring on family conflicts and relationships, intended to teach some moral lesson. After training as a lawyer, Hervieu entered the diplomatic service. Later, he began writing novels and short stories, of which the

  • Herwegh, Georg (German poet)

    Georg Herwegh, poet whose appeal for a revolutionary spirit in Germany was strengthened by a lyric sensitivity. Herwegh was expelled from the theological college at Tübingen and began his literary career as a journalist. Called up for military duty, he tactlessly insulted an officer and was forced

  • Herwyck, Steven van (Flemish sculptor)

    medal: The Netherlands: …regular professional medalists some, like Steven van Herwyck (c. 1530–67) and Jacob Jonghelinck (1530–1606), who worked in Italy for Leoni, adopted the Italian style, somewhat more idealized than the German. The war with Spain (1568–1648) stimulated the production of propaganda medals, which became a popular vehicle of nationalist sentiment. The…

  • Herz, Henri (Austrian musician)

    Henri Herz, brilliant Austrian pianist, teacher, and composer. Herz studied with his father and Daniel Hünten, then went to the Paris Conservatoire, where his teachers included Antonín Reicha and Victor Dourlen. He toured extensively in Europe, Russia, South America, and the United States, where he

  • Herz, Henriette (German patroness)

    Rahel Varnhagen von Ense: …such women as Levin and Henriette Herz became the centres of social activity for writers and their followers in Berlin. A sudden loss of fortune in 1806 interrupted Levin’s salon activity, but she was able to resume it after she met Karl August Varnhagen von Ense, a writer and literary…

  • Herz-Sommer, Alice (Austrian-born musician)

    Alice Herz-Sommer, Austrian-born pianist (born Nov. 26, 1903, Prague, Austria-Hungary [now in Czech Republic]—died Feb. 23, 2014, London, Eng.), survived the Holocaust and two years (1943–45) in the Nazi concentration camp Theresienstadt (present-day Terezin, Cz.Rep.) in large part because of her

  • Herzberg, Frederick (American psychologist)

    two-factor theory: …of worker motivation, formulated by Frederick Herzberg, which holds that employee job satisfaction and job dissatisfaction are influenced by separate factors. For example, bad working conditions are likely to be a source of dissatisfaction, but excellent working conditions might not produce correspondingly high rates of satisfaction, whereas other improvements such…

  • Herzberg, Gerhard (Canadian physicist)

    Gerhard Herzberg, Canadian physicist and winner of the 1971 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his work in determining the electronic structure and geometry of molecules, especially free radicals—groups of atoms that contain odd numbers of electrons. His work provided the foundation for molecular

  • Herzegovina

    Bosnia and Herzegovina, country situated in the western Balkan Peninsula of Europe. The larger region of Bosnia occupies the northern and central parts of the country, and Herzegovina occupies the south and southwest. These historical regions do not correspond with the two autonomous political

  • Herzen, Aleksandr Ivanovich (Russian writer)

    Aleksandr Ivanovich Herzen, political thinker, activist, and writer who originated the theory of a unique Russian path to socialism known as peasant populism. Herzen chronicled his career in My Past and Thoughts (1861–67), which is considered to be one of the greatest works of Russian prose. Herzen

  • Herzenberg, Leonard (American immunologist)

    Leonard Arthur Herzenberg, American immunologist (born Nov. 5, 1931, Brooklyn, N.Y.—died Oct. 27, 2013, Stanford, Calif.), was best known for his development in the 1960s of the fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS), a device that is able to identify individual living cells among trillions of

  • Herzenberg, Leonard Arthur (American immunologist)

    Leonard Arthur Herzenberg, American immunologist (born Nov. 5, 1931, Brooklyn, N.Y.—died Oct. 27, 2013, Stanford, Calif.), was best known for his development in the 1960s of the fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS), a device that is able to identify individual living cells among trillions of

  • Herzensergiessungen eines kunstliebenden Klosterbruders (work by Wackenroder)

    Western painting: Germany: …as elsewhere, theory preceded practice: Herzensergiessungen eines kunstliebenden Klosterbruders (“Effusions of an Art-Loving Monk”), by Wilhelm Heinrich Wackenroder, had an immediate and widespread influence upon its publication in 1797. Wackenroder advocated a Christian art closely related to the art of the early German masters and provided the artist with a…

  • Herzfeld, Helmut Franz Josef (German artist)

    John Heartfield, German artist best known for his agitprop photomontages—collages of text and imagery found in mass-produced media—and his role in the development of the Dada movement in Berlin. The child of politically active socialist parents, Heartfield (who retained the name Herzfeld until

  • Herzl, Mount (mountain, Israel)

    Theodor Herzl: Later accomplishments: …the city now known as Mount Herzl.

  • Herzl, Theodor (Austrian Zionist leader)

    Theodor Herzl, founder of the political form of Zionism, a movement to establish a Jewish homeland. His pamphlet The Jewish State (1896) proposed that the Jewish question was a political question to be settled by a world council of nations. He organized a world congress of Zionists that met in

  • Herzliyya (Israel)

    Herzliyya, city, west central Israel, on the Plain of Sharon and the Mediterranean Sea, at the north of the Tel Aviv–Yafo metropolitan area. Founded in 1924 with the financial backing of American Zionists, it was named for Theodor Herzl, the founder of modern political Zionism. The original

  • Herzmaere, Daz (work by Konrad von Würzburg)

    romance: The Tristan story: 1280) and again in Daz Herzmaere by the late 13th-century German poet Konrad von Würzburg. The theme of the outwitting of the jealous husband, common in the fabliaux (short verse tales containing realistic, even coarse detail and written to amuse), is frequently found in 13th-century romance and in lighter…

  • Herzog (novel by Bellow)

    Herzog, novel by Saul Bellow, published in 1964. The work was awarded the National Book Award for fiction in 1965. Moses Herzog, like many of Bellow’s heroes, is a Jewish intellectual who confronts a world peopled by sanguine, incorrigible realists. Much of the action of the novel takes place

  • Herzog (title)

    Duke, a European title of nobility, having ordinarily the highest rank below a prince or king (except in countries having such titles as archduke or grand duke). The title of dux, given by the Romans to high military commanders with territorial responsibilities, was assumed by the barbarian

  • Herzog August Bibliothek (library, Wolfenbüttel, Germany)

    library: Emergence of national collections: …1604 that later became the Herzog August Bibliothek at Wolfenbüttel, one of the finest libraries in Europe (Leibniz was its librarian from 1690 to 1716). A library assembled by the elector Friedrich Wilhelm of Brandenburg was founded in 1659 and later became the Prussian State Library. The collections of the…

  • Herzog, Chaim (president of Israel)

    Chaim Herzog, Irish-born Israeli politician, soldier, lawyer, and author. He was an eloquent and passionate spokesman for the Zionist cause and was instrumental in the development of Israel, both as a soldier and as the country’s longest-serving president (1983–93). The son of Rabbi Isaac Halevi

  • Herzog, Émile (French author)

    André Maurois, French biographer, novelist, and essayist, best known for biographies that maintain the narrative interest of novels. Born into a prosperous family of textile manufacturers, Maurois came under the influence of the French philosopher and teacher Alain (Émile-Auguste Chartier). He was

  • Herzog, Isaac Halevi (Israeli rabbi)

    Isaac Halevi Herzog, scholar, author, religious philosopher, lecturer, chief rabbi of the Irish Free State (1925–36), and chief rabbi of Palestine (later Israel) from 1936. Herzog made significant contributions to reconciling the necessities of modern living with the demands of the Talmud. For more

  • Herzog, Jacques (Swiss architect)

    Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron: Friends and schoolmates during childhood, Herzog and de Meuron began at an early age to work together on drawings and models. Neither initially studied architecture in college. Herzog studied commercial design before attending the University of Basel to study biology and chemistry, and de Meuron pursued a degree in civil…

  • Herzog, Jacques; and de Meuron, Pierre (Swiss architects)

    Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron, Swiss architects who, as founders (1978) of the firm Herzog & de Meuron, were known for their reappropriation of traditional architectural elements and their inventive use of both natural and artificial materials. The pair was jointly awarded the Pritzker

  • Herzog, Johann Jakob (German theologian)

    Johann Jakob Herzog, German Protestant theologian, professor of church history (University of Halle, 1847–54) and New Testament exegesis (University of Erlangen, 1854–77), and authority on the Hussite-Waldensian church. He compiled and edited the standard theological reference work

  • Herzog, Milan (Croatian-born American filmmaker)

    Milan Herzog, Croatian-born American filmmaker who produced hundreds of instructional films for Encyclopædia Britannica Educational Corp. on a wide range of subjects; those films were shown in classrooms across the United States and overseas. Herzog studied law in Paris and served as a foreign

  • Herzog, Richard (German physicist)

    mass spectrometry: Combined electric and magnetic field analysis: …were built by Mattauch and Richard Herzog in West Germany and by the American physicist Alfred O. Nier and his collaborators. The Mattauch-Herzog geometry is shown in Figure 4. Ions of all masses focus along a line that coincides with the second magnetic field boundary. Many versions of this design…

  • Herzog, Roman (president of Germany)

    Roman Herzog, German politician who served as the second president of reunified Germany (1994–99). Herzog was born and educated in the German state of Bavaria. He earned (1958) a doctorate in law at the University of Munich, where he then served as a teaching assistant and lecturer. By 1966 he was

  • Herzog, Werner (German director)

    Werner Herzog, German motion-picture director whose unusual films captured men and women at psychological extremes. With Rainer Werner Fassbinder and Volker Schlöndorff, Herzog led the influential postwar West German cinema movement. During his youth, Herzog studied history, literature, and music

  • Herzonenbusch (concentration camp, Netherlands)

    Vught, small German Nazi concentration camp in the town of Vught, 2 miles (3 km) south of the city of Hertogenbosch, North Brabant, Neth. Set up in early 1943, it was essentially a transit camp for Dutch Jews, who were worked in slave-labour projects and then shipped east to the extermination

  • Herztier (novel by Müller)

    Herta Müller: …Ever the Hunter), Herztier (1994; The Land of Green Plums), and Heute wär ich mir lieber nicht begegnet (1997; The Appointment). In 1998 Müller received the International IMPAC Dublin Literary Award (the world’s richest literary prize) for The Land of Green Plums. The novel Atemschaukel (The Hunger Angel) was published…

  • Hesbaye (plateau, Belgium)

    Belgium: Relief, drainage, and soils: …southern Flemish Brabant, and the Hesbaye plateau region of Liège. The area is dissected by the Dender, Senne, Dijle, and other rivers that enter the Schelde (Escaut) River; it is bounded to the east by the Herve Plateau. The Brussels region lies within the Central Plateaus.

  • Hesburgh, Theodore M. (American priest and educator)

    Theodore M. Hesburgh, American Roman Catholic priest and educator under whose presidency (1952–87) the University of Notre Dame in South Bend, Indiana, became as respected for its academic record as for its athletic one and who achieved national prominence through his public service work. Hesburgh,

  • Hesburgh, Theodore Martin (American priest and educator)

    Theodore M. Hesburgh, American Roman Catholic priest and educator under whose presidency (1952–87) the University of Notre Dame in South Bend, Indiana, became as respected for its academic record as for its athletic one and who achieved national prominence through his public service work. Hesburgh,

  • Heschel, Abraham Joshua (Jewish theologian)

    Abraham Joshua Heschel, Jewish theologian and philosopher, noted for his presentation of the prophetic and mystical aspects of Judaism and for his attempt to construct a modern philosophy of religion on the basis of the ancient and medieval Jewish tradition. After a traditional Jewish education,

  • Hesdin (France)

    Hesdin, town, Pas-de-Calais département, Hauts-de-France région, northern France, 20 miles (32 km) north-northeast of Abbeville. It was founded in 1554 by the Holy Roman emperor Charles V and was the birthplace of 18th-century French novelist the Abbé Prévost. It is now an agricultural market

  • Hesdin (garden, Picardy, France)

    garden and landscape design: Western European: …significant was the garden of Hesdin in Picardy, which became famous throughout France for its automata and water tricks. It was made by a Crusader who, having returned to France by way of Palermo in 1270, no doubt incorporated in his garden what he had seen of Saracenic gardens there…

  • Heseltine, Philip (British composer)

    Peter Warlock, English composer, critic, and editor known for his songs and for his exemplary editions of Elizabethan music. He used his real name chiefly for his literary and editorial work, reserving his assumed name for his musical works. Warlock was largely self-taught but received

  • Heshen (Chinese courtier)

    Heshen, infamous Chinese courtier whose influence with the aged Qianlong emperor (reigned 1735–96) allowed him to monopolize major governmental posts and oppress the people. At the age of 25, Heshen was an imperial bodyguard. His handsome features, affable manner, and clever wit made a great

  • Hesher (film by Susser [2010])

    Natalie Portman: …a dowdy supermarket cashier in Hesher (2010) and a scientist in the action fantasies Thor (2011) and Thor: The Dark World (2013). She also took on lighter fare, appearing opposite Ashton Kutcher in the romantic comedy No Strings Attached (2011) and portraying a warrior princess in the bawdy period comedy…

  • Ḥeshvan (Jewish month)

    Judaism: Lunisolar structure: …30 days each (except for Ḥeshvan and Kislev, which sometimes have either 29 or 30 days) and totals 353, 354, or 355 days per year. The average lunar year (354 days) is adjusted to the solar year (36514 days) by the periodic introduction of leap years in order to assure…

  • Hesilrige, Sir Arthur, 2nd Baronet (Scottish statesman)

    Sir Arthur Hesilrige, 2nd Baronet, a leading English Parliamentarian from the beginning of the Long Parliament (1640) to the founding of Oliver Cromwell’s Protectorate (1653). He emerged briefly as a powerful figure during the confusion that followed the fall of the Protectorate in 1659. A native

  • Hesiod (Greek poet)

    Hesiod, one of the earliest Greek poets, often called the “father of Greek didactic poetry.” Two of his complete epics have survived, the Theogony, relating the myths of the gods, and the Works and Days, describing peasant life. Not a great deal is known about the details of Hesiod’s life. He was

  • Hesiodos (Greek poet)

    Hesiod, one of the earliest Greek poets, often called the “father of Greek didactic poetry.” Two of his complete epics have survived, the Theogony, relating the myths of the gods, and the Works and Days, describing peasant life. Not a great deal is known about the details of Hesiod’s life. He was

  • Hesiodus (Greek poet)

    Hesiod, one of the earliest Greek poets, often called the “father of Greek didactic poetry.” Two of his complete epics have survived, the Theogony, relating the myths of the gods, and the Works and Days, describing peasant life. Not a great deal is known about the details of Hesiod’s life. He was

  • Hesione (polychaete genus)

    annelid: Annotated classification: Hesione, Nereis, Glycera (bloodworm), Nephtys, Halosydna. Order Eunicida Free-moving; head with or without appendages and eyes; proboscis with dorsal maxillae (upper jaws) of 1 to many paired pieces, a ventral pair of mandibles

  • Hesire, Tomb of (archaeological site, Ṣaqqārah, Memphis, Egypt)

    Egyptian art and architecture: Relief sculpture and painting: …dynasty, such as that of Hesire at Ṣaqqārah; it contained mural paintings of funerary equipment and wooden panels carrying figures of Hesire in the finest low relief. Generally speaking, mural decorations were in paint when the ground was mud brick or stone of poor quality and in relief when the…

  • Hesitation Marks (album by Nine Inch Nails)

    Nine Inch Nails: …major record label, however, for Hesitation Marks (2013), on which he continued to build dynamic songs from tense textured grooves. Nine Inch Nails later dropped the EP Not the Actual Events (2016), praised as a return to form. It was followed by Add Violence (2017) and Bad Witch (2018).

  • Heslov, Grant (American actor, producer, and director)
  • Hespeler (Ontario, Canada)

    Cambridge: …of Galt, the towns of Hespeler and Preston, and parts of the townships of Waterloo and North Dumfries. Galt was founded about 1816 and, along with Dumfries Township, became the home of large numbers of Scottish immigrants. Hespeler and Preston were settled in the early 1800s, largely by Mennonites from…

  • Hesperides (Libya)

    Benghazi, city and major seaport of northeastern Libya, on the Gulf of Sidra. It was founded by the Greeks of Cyrenaica as Hesperides (Euesperides) and received from the Egyptian pharaoh Ptolemy III the additional name of Berenice in honour of his wife. After the 3rd century ce it superseded Cyrene

  • Hesperides (work by Herrick)

    Robert Herrick: …book that Herrick published was Hesperides (1648), which included His Noble Numbers, a collection of poems on religious subjects with its own title page dated 1647 but not previously printed. Hesperides contained about 1,400 poems, mostly very short, many of them being brief epigrams. His work appeared after that in…

  • Hesperides (Greek mythology)

    Hesperides, (Greek: “Daughters of Evening”) in Greek mythology, clear-voiced maidens who guarded the tree bearing golden apples that Gaea gave to Hera at her marriage to Zeus. According to Hesiod, they were the daughters of Erebus and Night; in other accounts, their parents were Atlas and Hesperis

  • hesperidium (plant anatomy)

    Sapindales: Characteristic morphological features: …a thick rind called a hesperidium, after the golden apples of the Hesperides. In the myth of the Greek hero Heracles, one of Heracles’ 12 labours was the fetching of the golden apples kept by the Hesperides. These mythical apples may well have been based upon oranges, which were not…

  • Hesperiidae (lepidopteran family)

    Skipper, (family Hesperiidae), any of the approximately 3,500 species of insects (order Lepidoptera) that occur worldwide and are named for their fast, darting flight. Skippers are considered an intermediate form between butterflies and moths. The head and small, stout body of the adult tend to

  • hesperinos (religious liturgy)

    Vespers, evening prayer of thanksgiving and praise in Roman Catholic and certain other Christian liturgies. Vespers and lauds (morning prayer) are the oldest and most important of the traditional liturgy of the hours. Many scholars believe vespers is based on Judaic forms of prayer and point to a

  • Hesperioidea (insect superfamily)

    lepidopteran: Annotated classification: Superfamily Hesperioidea 3,500 species worldwide in 1 family; similar to true butterflies, distinguished from moths by diurnal habits, clubbed antennae, a functional proboscis, and lack of ocelli; adults are fast-flying, with short, usually pointed forewings, broad heads, and antennae usually hooked beyond the club; larvae usually…

  • Hesperis (Greek mythology)

    Hesperides, (Greek: “Daughters of Evening”) in Greek mythology, clear-voiced maidens who guarded the tree bearing golden apples that Gaea gave to Hera at her marriage to Zeus. According to Hesiod, they were the daughters of Erebus and Night; in other accounts, their parents were Atlas and Hesperis

  • Hesperis matronalis (plant)

    Dame’s rocket, (Hesperis matronalis), herbaceous plant of the mustard family (Brassicaceae). Native to Eurasia, dame’s rocket is often cultivated as an ornamental and has naturalized in North America, where it is now considered an invasive species. The plant is a biennial or short-lived perennial

  • Hesperornis (fossil bird genus)

    Hesperornis, (genus Hesperornis), extinct birds found as fossils in Late Cretaceous Period deposits dating from 99.6 million to 65.5 million years ago; this bird is known mostly from the Great Plains region of the United States, but some remains have been found as far north as Alaska. Hesperornis

  • Hesperorthis (fossil brachiopod genus)

    Hesperorthis, extinct genus of brachiopods, or lamp shells, which as fossils are especially characteristic of Ordovician marine rocks (438 to 505 million years old). The plano-convex shell of Hesperorthis consists of two units (or valves), the brachial valve being flat and the pedicle valve

  • Hesperos (Greco-Roman mythology)

    Hesperus, in Greco-Roman mythology, the evening star; although initially considered to be the son of Eos (the Dawn) and the Titan Astraeus, he was later said to be the son or brother of Atlas. He was later identified with the morning star, Phosphorus, or Eosphorus (Latin: Lucifer), the bringer of

  • Hesperus (Greco-Roman mythology)

    Hesperus, in Greco-Roman mythology, the evening star; although initially considered to be the son of Eos (the Dawn) and the Titan Astraeus, he was later said to be the son or brother of Atlas. He was later identified with the morning star, Phosphorus, or Eosphorus (Latin: Lucifer), the bringer of

  • Hess Oil and Chemical Corporation (American company)

    Amerada Hess Corporation: …in 1969 by merging with Hess Oil and Chemical Corporation (founded 1925).

  • Hess’s law of heat summation (chemistry)

    Hess’s law of heat summation, rule first enunciated by Germain Henri Hess, a Swiss-born Russian chemist, in 1840, stating that the heat absorbed or evolved in any chemical reaction is a fixed quantity and is independent of the path of the reaction or the number of steps taken to obtain the

  • Hess, András (printer)

    Chronica Hungarorum: …issued from the press of András Hess in Buda, now Budapest, on June 5, 1473. Hess, who was probably of German origin, dedicated the book to his patron, László Karai, provost of Buda, who had invited him to Hungary from Rome.

  • Hess, Dame Myra (British pianist)

    Dame Myra Hess, English pianist known for her interpretations of the works of Bach, Mozart, Beethoven, and Robert Schumann. Hess studied at the Guildhall School of Music and at the Royal Academy of Music under Tobias Matthay. She made her concert debut in London in 1907 and in the United States in

  • Hess, Germain Henri (Russian chemist)

    Germain Henri Hess, chemist whose studies of heat in chemical reactions formed the foundation of thermochemistry. After practicing medicine for several years in Irkutsk, Russia, Hess became professor of chemistry in 1830 at the Technological Institute, University of St. Petersburg. His early

  • Hess, Harry Hammond (American scientist)

    continental drift: …early 1960s, the American geophysicist Harry H. Hess proposed that new oceanic crust is continually generated by igneous activity at the crests of oceanic ridges—submarine mountains that follow a sinuous course of about 65,000 km (40,000 miles) along the bottom of the major ocean basins. Molten rock material from Earth’s…

  • Hess, Leon (American entrepreneur)

    Leon Hess, American oil tycoon and owner of the National Football League’s New York Jets; his oil production and exploration company, Amerada Hess Corp., was the foundation of a personal fortune estimated at $720 million in 1998; part owner of the Jets from 1963, he became sole owner of the team in

  • Hess, Moritz (German author and Zionist)

    Moses Hess, German journalist and socialist who influenced Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels and who was an important early proponent of Zionism. Hess’s first published work, Heilige Geschichte der Menschheit von einem Jünger Spinozas (1837; “The Holy History of Mankind, by a Young Spinozist”),

  • Hess, Moses (German author and Zionist)

    Moses Hess, German journalist and socialist who influenced Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels and who was an important early proponent of Zionism. Hess’s first published work, Heilige Geschichte der Menschheit von einem Jünger Spinozas (1837; “The Holy History of Mankind, by a Young Spinozist”),

  • Hess, Orvan Walter (American gynecologist)

    Orvan Walter Hess, American obstetrician and gynecologist (born June 18, 1906, Margaretville, N.Y.—died Sept. 6, 2002, New Haven, Conn.), developed the first fetal heart monitor, at the Yale University Medical School, in 1957. The device, which allowed monitoring to continue during labour, b

  • Hess, Rudolf (German Nazi leader)

    Rudolf Hess, German National Socialist who was Adolf Hitler’s deputy as party leader. He created an international sensation when in 1941 he secretly flew to Great Britain on an abortive self-styled mission to negotiate a peace between Britain and Germany. The son of a merchant, Hess served in the

  • Hess, Victor Francis (Austrian physicist)

    Victor Francis Hess, Austrian-born physicist who was a joint recipient, with Carl D. Anderson of the United States, of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1936 for his discovery of cosmic rays—high-energy radiation originating in outer space. Educated at the University of Graz, Hess received his Ph.D.

  • Hess, Walter Richard Rudolf (German Nazi leader)

    Rudolf Hess, German National Socialist who was Adolf Hitler’s deputy as party leader. He created an international sensation when in 1941 he secretly flew to Great Britain on an abortive self-styled mission to negotiate a peace between Britain and Germany. The son of a merchant, Hess served in the

  • Hess, Walter Rudolf (Swiss physiologist)

    Walter Rudolf Hess, Swiss physiologist, who received (with António Egas Moniz) the 1949 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for discovering the role played by certain parts of the brain in determining and coordinating the functions of internal organs. Originally an ophthalmologist (1906–12),

  • Hesse (state, Germany)

    Hessen, Land (state) in the west-central part of Germany. Hessen is bounded by the states of Lower Saxony to the north, Thuringia to the east, Bavaria to the southeast, Baden-Württemberg to the south, Rhineland-Palatinate to the west, and North Rhine–Westphalia to the northwest. Its capital is

  • Hesse, Eva (American artist)

    Eva Hesse, German-born American painter and sculptor known for using unusual materials such as rubber tubing, fibreglass, synthetic resins, cord, cloth, and wire. Hesse had a prolific yet short career, and her influence since her death at age 34 has been widespread. Born into a German Jewish

  • Hesse, Hermann (German writer)

    Hermann Hesse, German novelist and poet who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1946. The main theme of his work is the individual’s efforts to break out of the established modes of civilization so as to find an essential spirit and identity. Hesse grew up in Calw and in Basel. He

  • Hesse-Cassel (former landgraviate, Germany)

    Hesse-Kassel, former landgraviate of Germany, formed in 1567 in the division of old Hesse. In 1567 Hesse was partitioned among four sons of Landgrave Philip the Magnanimous, Hesse-Kassel going to William IV the Wise. Hesse-Kassel was the largest, most important, and most northerly of the four

  • Hesse-Darmstadt (former landgraviate, Germany)

    Hesse-Darmstadt, former landgraviate, grand duchy, and state of Germany. It was formed in 1567 in the division of old Hesse; after Hesse-Kassel was absorbed by Prussia in 1866, Hesse-Darmstadt was usually known simply as Hesse. Hesse-Darmstadt was originally only the small territory of Upper K

  • Hesse-Kassel (former landgraviate, Germany)

    Hesse-Kassel, former landgraviate of Germany, formed in 1567 in the division of old Hesse. In 1567 Hesse was partitioned among four sons of Landgrave Philip the Magnanimous, Hesse-Kassel going to William IV the Wise. Hesse-Kassel was the largest, most important, and most northerly of the four

  • Hessel, Johann F. C. (German mineralogist)

    point group: …demonstrated by a German mineralogist, Johann F.C. Hessel, in 1830. Each possible combination is called a point group, or crystal class. A crystal can be assigned to one of these point groups on the basis of its external shape, or morphology. The addition of translational changes will yield a total…

  • Hessel, Stéphane (French author)

    Stéphane Hessel, German-born French diplomat and social activist (born Oct. 20, 1917, Berlin, Ger.—died Feb. 26, 2013, Paris, France), became an overnight sensation among left-leaning activists with the publication of his slim political pamphlet Indignez-vous! (2010; Time for Outrage!, 2011), in

  • Hesselberg, Melvyn Edouard (American actor)

    Alexander Hall: The Columbia years: The comedy featured Melvyn Douglas and Joan Blondell as a husband-and-wife crime-fighting team who spar in the best William Powell–Myrna Loy tradition. I Am the Law (1938) cast Edward G. Robinson against type as a special prosecutor who fights corruption in city government, while Douglas and Blondell reteamed…

  • Hessen (state, Germany)

    Hessen, Land (state) in the west-central part of Germany. Hessen is bounded by the states of Lower Saxony to the north, Thuringia to the east, Bavaria to the southeast, Baden-Württemberg to the south, Rhineland-Palatinate to the west, and North Rhine–Westphalia to the northwest. Its capital is

  • Hessen-Cassel (former landgraviate, Germany)

    Hesse-Kassel, former landgraviate of Germany, formed in 1567 in the division of old Hesse. In 1567 Hesse was partitioned among four sons of Landgrave Philip the Magnanimous, Hesse-Kassel going to William IV the Wise. Hesse-Kassel was the largest, most important, and most northerly of the four

  • Hessen-Darmstadt (former landgraviate, Germany)

    Hesse-Darmstadt, former landgraviate, grand duchy, and state of Germany. It was formed in 1567 in the division of old Hesse; after Hesse-Kassel was absorbed by Prussia in 1866, Hesse-Darmstadt was usually known simply as Hesse. Hesse-Darmstadt was originally only the small territory of Upper K

  • Hessen-Kassel (former landgraviate, Germany)

    Hesse-Kassel, former landgraviate of Germany, formed in 1567 in the division of old Hesse. In 1567 Hesse was partitioned among four sons of Landgrave Philip the Magnanimous, Hesse-Kassel going to William IV the Wise. Hesse-Kassel was the largest, most important, and most northerly of the four

  • hessian (textile)

    jute: …of finer quality being called burlap, or hessian. Burlap bags are used to ship and store grain, fruits and vegetables, flour, sugar, animal feeds, and other agricultural commodities. High-quality jute cloths are the principal fabrics used to provide backing for tufted carpets, as well as for hooked rugs (i.e., Oriental…

  • Hessian fly (insect)

    Hessian fly, (Mayetiola destructor), small fly in the gall midge family, Cecidomyiidae (order Diptera), that is very destructive to wheat crops. Though a native of Asia it was transported into Europe and later into North America, supposedly in the straw bedding of Hessian troops during the American

  • hessite (mineral)

    sulfide mineral: …and selenides among which is hessite (Ag2Te), the ore mineral of silver.

  • Hessling, Catherine (French actress)

    Jean Renoir: Early years: …one of his father’s models, Andrée Heurschling, a few months after the painter’s death, and went with her to live in Marlotte, a village near Paris in which his father had once painted.

  • hessonite (mineral)

    Hessonite, translucent, semiprecious, reddish-brown variety of grossular (q.v.), a garnet

  • Hester, Devin (American football player)

    Deion Sanders: …in 2014 by kick returner Devin Hester.)

  • Hestia (Greek mythology)

    Hestia, in Greek religion, goddess of the hearth, daughter of Cronus and Rhea, and one of the 12 Olympian deities. When the gods Apollo and Poseidon became suitors for her hand she swore to remain a maiden forever, whereupon Zeus, the king of the gods, bestowed upon her the honour of presiding over

  • Heston, Charlton (American actor)

    Charlton Heston, American actor who was known for his chiseled features and compelling speaking voice and for his numerous roles as historical figures and famous literary characters. Heston decided to become an actor after impulsively auditioning for a high-school play. His stage experience in high

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