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  • Hai (Jewish scholar)

    Hai ben Sherira, last outstanding Babylonian gaon, or head, of a great Talmudic academy, remembered for the range and profundity of the exceptionally large number of responsa (authoritative answers to questions concerning interpretation of Jewish law) he wrote. Though the office of gaon was not

  • Hai ben Sherira (Jewish scholar)

    Hai ben Sherira, last outstanding Babylonian gaon, or head, of a great Talmudic academy, remembered for the range and profundity of the exceptionally large number of responsa (authoritative answers to questions concerning interpretation of Jewish law) he wrote. Though the office of gaon was not

  • Hai Duong (Vietnam)

    Hai Duong, city, northern Vietnam. It is located along the Thai Binh River in the Red River delta, about midway between Haiphong (southeast) and Hanoi (northwest). A rail line links it to the two larger cities, and it is a market centre for a rich rice-growing region; litchi, watermelons, jute,

  • Hái Falls (waterfall, Iceland)

    Hái Falls, waterfall in southern Iceland. It is on the Fossá (a tributary of the Thjórs), upstream from Búrfell. Iceland’s second highest cataract, Hái Falls has a 400-foot (122-metre) vertical

  • Hai He shuixi (river system, China)

    Hai River system, extensive system of tributary streams in northern China that discharge into the sea through the Hai River. The name Hai properly belongs only to the short river that flows from Tianjin into the Bo Hai (Gulf of Chihli) at Tanggu, a distance of some 43 miles (70 km). The system has

  • Hai Ho shui-hsi (river system, China)

    Hai River system, extensive system of tributary streams in northern China that discharge into the sea through the Hai River. The name Hai properly belongs only to the short river that flows from Tianjin into the Bo Hai (Gulf of Chihli) at Tanggu, a distance of some 43 miles (70 km). The system has

  • Hai Phong (Vietnam)

    Haiphong, city and province-level municipality, northeastern Vietnam. It lies on the northeastern edge of the Red River delta, beside a distributary of the Thai Binh River, 10 miles (16 km) from the Gulf of Tonkin. It is the outport of the capital, Hanoi, 37 miles (60 km) west, and is the country’s

  • Hai River system (river system, China)

    Hai River system, extensive system of tributary streams in northern China that discharge into the sea through the Hai River. The name Hai properly belongs only to the short river that flows from Tianjin into the Bo Hai (Gulf of Chihli) at Tanggu, a distance of some 43 miles (70 km). The system has

  • Hai Rui Dismissed From Office (play by Wu Han)

    Gang of Four: …1965 when Wu Han’s play Hai Rui Dismissed from Office was banned as a direct result of an investigation by Jiang into its political character, which resulted in a published denunciation of the play by Yao. This case set a precedent for radicalizing the arts and, in effect, signaled the…

  • Hai San (Chinese secret society)

    Hai San, Chinese secret society that was influential in commerce and tin mining in 19th-century Malaya. The Hai San had its origins in southern China and was transmitted to Malaya by immigrant labourers. Cantonese originally dominated the society, but, between 1845 and 1860, Hakka immigrants

  • Hai Thu (Vietnamese patriot)

    Phan Boi Chau, dominant personality of early Vietnamese resistance movements, whose impassioned writings and tireless schemes for independence earned him the reverence of his people as one of Vietnam’s greatest patriots. Phan Boi Chau was the son of a poor scholar, who stressed education and

  • Hai-k’ou (China)

    Haikou, city and capital of Hainan sheng (province), southern China. It is situated on the north coast of Hainan Island, facing the Leizhou Peninsula, across the Hainan (Qiongzhou) Strait (9.5 miles [15 km] wide). Haikou originally grew up as the port for Qiongshan, the ancient administrative

  • Hai-kuo t’u-chih (work by Wei Yuan)

    Wei Yuan: …published his best-known work, the Haiguo tuzhi (“Illustrated Gazetteer of the Countries Overseas”), on the geography and material conditions of foreign nations. Although handicapped by the ignorance and superstition with which the Chinese viewed the West, this work was the first to make use of translations from Western sources. Wei…

  • Hai-la-erh (China)

    Hailar, city, northeastern Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China. It lies on the south bank of the Hailar River, at its junction with the Yimin River. Since 2001 Hailar has served as the urban district of the newly created Hulunbuir city. The area was occupied by the Chinese in the 7th century ce

  • Hai-nan (province and island, China)

    Hainan, sheng (province) in southern China. Its name means “south of the sea.” The main land territory of the province is coextensive with Hainan Island and a handful of nearby offshore islands located in the South China Sea and separated from the Leizhou Peninsula of southern Guangdong province to

  • Hai-nan Tao (province and island, China)

    Hainan, sheng (province) in southern China. Its name means “south of the sea.” The main land territory of the province is coextensive with Hainan Island and a handful of nearby offshore islands located in the South China Sea and separated from the Leizhou Peninsula of southern Guangdong province to

  • Haia (god)

    Ninlil: She was the daughter of Haia, god of the stores, and Ninshebargunu (or Nidaba). The myth recounting the rape of Ninlil by her consort, the wind god Enlil, reflects the life cycle of grain: Enlil, who saw Ninlil bathing in a canal, raped and impregnated her. For his crime he…

  • Haida (people)

    Haida, Haida-speaking North American Indians of Haida Gwaii (formerly the Queen Charlotte Islands), British Columbia, Canada, and the southern part of Prince of Wales Island, Alaska, U.S. The Alaskan Haida are called Kaigani. Haida culture is related to the cultures of the neighbouring Tlingit and

  • Haida Gwaii (archipelago, Canada)

    Haida Gwaii, (Haida: “Islands of the People”) archipelago of western British Columbia, Canada, south of the Alaskan Panhandle. Extending in a north–south direction for roughly 175 miles (280 km) and with a land area of 3,705 square miles (9,596 square km), the islands (about 150 in number) are

  • Haida language

    Na-Dené languages: Tlingit and Haida are each single languages making up separate families; they are spoken, respectively, in southeastern Alaska and British Columbia. The major language of the Na-Dené group is Navajo, spoken by large Indian populations in Arizona and New Mexico. It is one of the few North…

  • Haidalla, Mohamed Khouna Ould (president of Mauritania)

    Mauritania: Struggle for postindependence stability: Mohamed Khouna Ould Haidalla.

  • Ḥaidar ʿAlī (emperor of India)

    Hyder Ali, Muslim ruler of Mysore princely state and military commander who played an important part in the wars in southern India in the mid-18th century. After studying the military tactics of the Frenchman Joseph-François Dupleix, Hyder induced his older brother, a brigade commander in the

  • Ḥaidar ʿAlī Khān (emperor of India)

    Hyder Ali, Muslim ruler of Mysore princely state and military commander who played an important part in the wars in southern India in the mid-18th century. After studying the military tactics of the Frenchman Joseph-François Dupleix, Hyder induced his older brother, a brigade commander in the

  • Haidari, Buland al- (Iraqi poet)

    Buland al-Haidari, Kurdish Iraqi poet who was a pioneer of free verse in the 1950s. His realistic verse, which helped modernize Arabic poetry, often ran afoul of the Iraqi government, and he spent much of his adult life in exile. Haidari’s last anthology was published just days before his death (b.

  • haiden (Japanese religious architecture)

    jinja: …it away; and (3) the haiden (hall of worship), where the devotees worship and offer prayers. Large shrines may have additional structures, such as the kagura-den (stage for ceremonial dance), shamusho (shrine office), temizu-ya (ablution basin for washing hands and mouth before worshiping), and also komainu (statues of guardian animals)…

  • Haiden, Hans (German artisan)

    keyboard instrument: Related stringed keyboard instruments: …made by the Nürnberg builder Hans Haiden, who described them at length in pamphlets published in 1605 and 1610. These instruments had a series of rosined wheels that rubbed the strings when they were drawn against them by the action of the keys. According to Haiden, the instrument, which he…

  • Haider, Jörg (Austrian politician)

    Jörg Haider, controversial Austrian politician who served as leader of the far-right Freedom Party of Austria (1986–2000) and Alliance for the Future of Austria (2005–08) and as governor of the Bundesland (federal state) of Kärnten (1989–91; 1999–2008). Haider studied at the University of Vienna,

  • Haider, Qurratulain (Indian writer)

    Qurratulain Hyder, Indian writer, editor, scholar, and translator who helped the novel become a serious genre of hitherto poetry-oriented Urdu literature. Her masterwork, Aag ka darya (1959; River of Fire), has been compared to those of Colombian novelist Gabriel García Márquez and Czech novelist

  • haiduk (guerrilla-outlaw)

    Hajdúság: This militarized population, called haiduk (“brigand,” or “bandit”) by the Turks, were granted lands, privileges, and title exemptions by Bocskay. The region’s fortified towns and their citizens played a role in the struggles against both the Turks and the Habsburgs. Hajdúböszörmény was the capital of these military settlements until…

  • Haidushki Kopneniya (work by Yavorov)

    Peyo Yavorov: …reminiscences of his fighting days, Haidushki Kopneniya (1908). He committed suicide at the age of 36.

  • Haier, Richard (psychologist)

    human intelligence: Blood-flow studies: …emission tomography (PET), the psychologist Richard Haier found that people who perform better on conventional intelligence tests often show less activation in relevant portions of the brain than do those who perform less well. In addition, neurologists Antonio Damasio and Hannah Damasio and their colleagues used PET scans and magnetic…

  • Haieren

    Armenian language, language that forms a separate branch of the Indo-European language family; it was once erroneously considered a dialect of Iranian. In the early 21st century the Armenian language is spoken by some 6.7 million individuals. The majority (about 3.4 million) of these live in

  • Haifa (Israel)

    Haifa, city, northwestern Israel. The principal port of the country, it lies along the Bay of Haifa overlooking the Mediterranean Sea. Haifa is first mentioned in the Talmud (c. 1st–4th century ce). Eusebius, the early Christian theologian and biblical topographer, referred to it as Sykaminos. The

  • Haifanggou Formation (rock deposit, China)

    Castorocauda: Castorocauda was found in the Jiulongshan Formation (which is also called the Haifanggou Formation) of China, which preserved a nearly complete skeleton and skull, along with carbonized impressions of the skin and hair. Like living mammals, it had integument with an undercoat and guard hairs. Although it was not directly…

  • Háifoss (waterfall, Iceland)

    Hái Falls, waterfall in southern Iceland. It is on the Fossá (a tributary of the Thjórs), upstream from Búrfell. Iceland’s second highest cataract, Hái Falls has a 400-foot (122-metre) vertical

  • Haig, Al (United States army officer and public official)

    Alexander Meigs Haig, Jr., American general and government official (born Dec. 2, 1924, Philadelphia, Pa.—died Feb. 20, 2010, Baltimore, Md.), achieved prominence as White House chief of staff (May 1973–September 1974) under U.S. Pres. Richard Nixon, as commander in chief of American forces in

  • Haig, Alexander (United States army officer and public official)

    Alexander Meigs Haig, Jr., American general and government official (born Dec. 2, 1924, Philadelphia, Pa.—died Feb. 20, 2010, Baltimore, Md.), achieved prominence as White House chief of staff (May 1973–September 1974) under U.S. Pres. Richard Nixon, as commander in chief of American forces in

  • Haig, Alexander Meigs, Jr. (United States army officer and public official)

    Alexander Meigs Haig, Jr., American general and government official (born Dec. 2, 1924, Philadelphia, Pa.—died Feb. 20, 2010, Baltimore, Md.), achieved prominence as White House chief of staff (May 1973–September 1974) under U.S. Pres. Richard Nixon, as commander in chief of American forces in

  • Haig, Douglas Haig, 1st Earl (British military leader)

    Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, British field marshal, commander in chief of the British forces in France during most of World War I. His strategy of attrition (tautly summarized as “kill more Germans”) resulted in enormous numbers of British casualties but little immediate gain in 1916–17 and made

  • Haig, Douglas Haig, 1st Earl, Viscount Dawick, Baron Haig of Bemersyde (British military leader)

    Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, British field marshal, commander in chief of the British forces in France during most of World War I. His strategy of attrition (tautly summarized as “kill more Germans”) resulted in enormous numbers of British casualties but little immediate gain in 1916–17 and made

  • Haig, The (American golfer)

    Walter Hagen, American professional golfer, one of the most colourful sports personages of his time, who is credited with doing more than any other golfer to raise the social standing of his profession. He was exceptionally self-confident. He dressed stylishly, lived extravagantly, played more than

  • Haig-Simons definition of income (economics)

    income tax: The meaning of income: …and capricious results is “accrued income,” which is the money value of the goods and services consumed by the taxpayer plus or minus any change in net worth during a given period of time. (Tax experts commonly call this the Haig-Simons definition of income, based on work by American…

  • Haight, the (district, San Francisco, California, United States)

    Haight-Ashbury, district within the city of San Francisco, California, U.S., adjacent to Golden Gate Park. The district became famous as a bohemian enclave in the 1950s and ’60s and was the centre of a large African American population. By the mid-1960s the district was becoming a centre of the

  • Haight-Ashbury (district, San Francisco, California, United States)

    Haight-Ashbury, district within the city of San Francisco, California, U.S., adjacent to Golden Gate Park. The district became famous as a bohemian enclave in the 1950s and ’60s and was the centre of a large African American population. By the mid-1960s the district was becoming a centre of the

  • Haight-Ashbury Switchboard

    The Flower Children: Anatomy of a Subculture: …free store operations, started a HIP Switchboard telephone exchange to locate runaways and lost friends and to put people in contact with needed services.

  • Haightville (Illinois, United States)

    Rockford, city, seat (1836) of Winnebago county, northern Illinois, U.S. It lies on the Rock River, about 90 miles (145 km) northwest of Chicago. Rockford was founded by New Englanders in 1834 as separate settlements (commonly known as Kentville and Haightville, for the founders of each) on each

  • Haigneré, Claudie (French cosmonaut, doctor, and politician)

    Claudie Haigneré , French cosmonaut, doctor, and politician who was the first French woman in space (1996). Haigneré graduated as a rheumatologist from Faculté de Médecine and Faculté des Sciences in Paris and completed a doctorate in neurosciences in 1992. From 1984 to 1992 she worked at the

  • haigon (Japanese language)

    Japanese literature: Early Tokugawa period (1603–c. 1770): …by the presence of a haigon—a word of Chinese or recent origin that was normally not tolerated in classical verse.

  • haik (clothing)

    dress: The Middle East from the 6th century: These included the haik, which was an oblong piece of material (generally striped) that the Arabs used to wrap around their bodies and heads for day or night wear; the material measured about 18 feet by 6 feet (5.5 by 1.8 metres). A similar mantle was the burnous,…

  • haikai (verse form)

    Haikai, a comic renga, or Japanese linked-verse form. The haikai was developed as early as the 16th century as a diversion from the composition of the more serious renga

  • haikai no renga (verse form)

    Haikai, a comic renga, or Japanese linked-verse form. The haikai was developed as early as the 16th century as a diversion from the composition of the more serious renga

  • Haikou (China)

    Haikou, city and capital of Hainan sheng (province), southern China. It is situated on the north coast of Hainan Island, facing the Leizhou Peninsula, across the Hainan (Qiongzhou) Strait (9.5 miles [15 km] wide). Haikou originally grew up as the port for Qiongshan, the ancient administrative

  • Haikouella (fossil animal genus)

    chordate: Evolution and paleontology: …animals—such as Yunnanozoon lividum and Haikouella (both of which date to 530 million years ago and possess several chordate features)—should be considered chordates. An extensive vertebrate fossil record begins about 400 million years ago.

  • haiku (Japanese literature)

    Haiku, unrhymed poetic form consisting of 17 syllables arranged in three lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables respectively. The haiku first emerged in Japanese literature during the 17th century, as a terse reaction to elaborate poetic traditions, though it did not become known by the name haiku until

  • hail (meteorology)

    Hail, precipitation of balls or pieces of ice with a diameter of 5 mm (about 0.2 inch) to more than 15 cm (about 6 inches). In contrast, ice pellets (sleet; sometimes called small hail) have a diameter less than 5 mm. Because the formation of hail usually requires cumulonimbus or other convective

  • Hail and Farewell (work by Moore)

    biography: Specialized forms of autobiography: …in favour of Irish art, Hail and Farewell (1911–14), illustrate the variations of intellectual autobiography. Finally, somewhat analogous to the novel as biography (for example, Graves’s I, Claudius) is the autobiography thinly disguised as, or transformed into, the novel. This group includes such works as Samuel Butler’s Way of All…

  • Hail Mary (prayer)

    Hail Mary, a principal prayer of the Roman Catholic Church, comprising three parts, addressed to the Virgin Mary. The prayer is recited in the Rosary of the Blessed Virgin (see rosary) and is often assigned as penance during the sacrament of reconciliation (confession). The following is the Latin

  • Hail Mary (film by Godard [1985])

    Jean-Luc Godard: Later work and awards: …Je vous salue, Marie (1985; Hail Mary)—that served as personal statements on femininity, nature, and Christianity.

  • hail pellet (meteorology)

    climate: Showers, thunderstorms, and hail: The hailstones that fall from deep, vigorous clouds in warm weather consist of a core surrounded by several alternate layers of clear and opaque ice. When the growing particle traverses a region of relatively high air temperature or high concentration of liquid water, or both, the…

  • hail stone (meteorology)

    climate: Showers, thunderstorms, and hail: The hailstones that fall from deep, vigorous clouds in warm weather consist of a core surrounded by several alternate layers of clear and opaque ice. When the growing particle traverses a region of relatively high air temperature or high concentration of liquid water, or both, the…

  • Hail the Conquering Hero (film by Sturges [1944])

    Preston Sturges: Films of the mid-1940s to mid-1950s: …also at the centre of Hail the Conquering Hero (1944), Sturges’s incisive satire on America’s propensity for hero worship. This time Backen played a Marine who, having been discharged from the service because he suffered from hay fever, returns home to family and friends who not only believe that he…

  • Hail to the Emperor! (work by Yi)

    Yi Munyŏl: Hwagje-rŭl wihayŏ (1982; Hail to the Emperor!), a jeu d’esprit, is a rambunctious satire on imperial delusions that showcases the author’s incredible erudition. In Yŏngung sidae (1984; The Age of Heroes), Yi imaginatively reconstructed what he imagined his father’s life might have been like after his defection to…

  • Hail to the Thief (album by Radiohead)

    Radiohead: …roots on the much-anticipated album Hail to the Thief (2003), which reached number three on the U.S. album charts. In 2006 Yorke, who had reluctantly become for some the voice of his generation, collaborated with the group’s modernist producer, Nigel Godrich, on a solo album, The Eraser.

  • Hail, Caesar! (film by Joel and Ethan Coen [2016])

    George Clooney: …brothers for the Hollywood comedy Hail, Caesar! (2016), in which he played a kidnapped movie star. His character in Jodie Foster’s Money Monster (2016) is a finance pundit who is taken hostage by a former devotee of his advice. In 2017 Clooney directed and adapted a screenplay by the Coen…

  • Hailar (China)

    Hailar, city, northeastern Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China. It lies on the south bank of the Hailar River, at its junction with the Yimin River. Since 2001 Hailar has served as the urban district of the newly created Hulunbuir city. The area was occupied by the Chinese in the 7th century ce

  • Haile Malakot (king of Shewa)

    Menilek II: Early life: Menilek’s father was Haile Malakot, later negus (king) of Shewa. His mother was a court servant who married Haile Malakot shortly after Sahle Miriam was born. His forefathers had been rulers of Menz, the heartland of Shewa, since the 17th century, and it has been claimed that further…

  • Haile Selassie I (emperor of Ethiopia)

    Haile Selassie I, emperor of Ethiopia from 1930 to 1974 who sought to modernize his country and who steered it into the mainstream of post-World War II African politics. He brought Ethiopia into the League of Nations and the United Nations and made Addis Ababa the major centre for the Organization

  • Haile Selassie I University (university, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia)

    Ethiopia: Education: The country’s oldest university, Addis Ababa University, was founded in 1950 as University College of Addis Ababa. In 1961 it was restructured and renamed Haile Selassie I University, and in 1975 it adopted its present name. Other universities in Ethiopia include Alemaya University in Dire Dawa, Debub University in…

  • Hailemariam Desalegn (prime minister of Ethiopia)

    Ethiopia: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia since 1995: …and minister of foreign affairs, Hailemariam Desalegn.

  • Hailey National Park (national park, India)

    Corbett National Park, natural area in southern Uttarakhand state, northern India. It was established as Hailey National Park in 1936 and was first renamed Ramganga in the mid-1950s, before the name was changed to Corbett later that decade in memory of Jim Corbett, a well-known British sportsman

  • Hailey, Arthur (British writer)

    Arthur Hailey, British-born writer (born April 5, 1920, Luton, Bedfordshire, Eng.—died Nov. 24, 2004, Lyford Cay, New Providence Island, Bahamas), helped launch the disaster-movie genre when his novel Airport (1968) was made into a motion picture in 1970. Hailey’s meticulously researched 11 b

  • Hailsham (England, United Kingdom)

    Wealden: Hailsham, in the south-central part of the district, is the administrative centre.

  • Hailsham of Hailsham, Douglas McGarel Hogg, 1st Viscount (British lawyer and politician)

    Douglas McGarel Hogg, 1st Viscount Hailsham of Hailsham, British lawyer and politician, a prominent member of the Conservative Party in both the House of Commons and the House of Lords. Hogg was the son of Quintin Hogg, founder of the Polytechnic in Regent Street, London. On leaving Eton, Hogg

  • Hailsham of St. Marylebone, Quintin McGarel Hogg, Baron (British politician)

    Quintin McGarel Hogg, Baron Hailsham of St. Marylebone, British politician (born Oct. 9, 1907, London, Eng.—died Oct. 12, 2001, London), between 1938 and 1987 served six Conservative governments in a variety of posts, most notably 12 years (1970–74, 1979–87) as lord high chancellor (head of the B

  • hailstone (meteorology)

    climate: Showers, thunderstorms, and hail: The hailstones that fall from deep, vigorous clouds in warm weather consist of a core surrounded by several alternate layers of clear and opaque ice. When the growing particle traverses a region of relatively high air temperature or high concentration of liquid water, or both, the…

  • Hainan (province and island, China)

    Hainan, sheng (province) in southern China. Its name means “south of the sea.” The main land territory of the province is coextensive with Hainan Island and a handful of nearby offshore islands located in the South China Sea and separated from the Leizhou Peninsula of southern Guangdong province to

  • Hainan Dao (province and island, China)

    Hainan, sheng (province) in southern China. Its name means “south of the sea.” The main land territory of the province is coextensive with Hainan Island and a handful of nearby offshore islands located in the South China Sea and separated from the Leizhou Peninsula of southern Guangdong province to

  • Hainan Island (province and island, China)

    Hainan, sheng (province) in southern China. Its name means “south of the sea.” The main land territory of the province is coextensive with Hainan Island and a handful of nearby offshore islands located in the South China Sea and separated from the Leizhou Peninsula of southern Guangdong province to

  • Hainanese language (Chinese dialect)

    Hainan: People: The lingua franca of Hainan, Hainanese, is a variant of the Southern Min language (Minnan). Mandarin is also widely spoken, as is Cantonese.

  • Hainault (province, Belgium)

    history of the Low Countries: Unification after Alba: …in the south among Artois, Hainaut, and the town of Douay, based on the Pacification of Ghent but retaining the Roman Catholic religion, loyalty to the king, and the privileges of the estates. As a reaction to the accommodation of Artois and Hainaut, the Union of Utrecht was declared, at…

  • Hainaut (province, Belgium)

    history of the Low Countries: Unification after Alba: …in the south among Artois, Hainaut, and the town of Douay, based on the Pacification of Ghent but retaining the Roman Catholic religion, loyalty to the king, and the privileges of the estates. As a reaction to the accommodation of Artois and Hainaut, the Union of Utrecht was declared, at…

  • Hainaut (historical region, Belgium)

    history of the Low Countries: Struggle for independence: …such other territories as Brabant, Hainaut, Namur, and Holland began to expand and form principalities, helped by the weakening of the German crown during the Investiture Contest (a struggle between civil and church rulers over the right to invest bishops and abbots). The Concordat of Worms (1122) ruled that bishops…

  • Haines (Alaska, United States)

    Haines, city, southeastern Alaska, U.S. Located at the northern end of North America’s longest fjord, it also lies at the northern end of the Alexander Archipelago on a peninsula between the Chilkoot and Chilkat rivers. Situated near the point where the Taiya Inlet meets the Chilkoot Inlet, Haines

  • Haines, Connie (American singer)

    Connie Haines, (Yvonne Marie Antoinette JaMais), American singer (born Jan. 20, 1921, Savannah, Ga.—died Sept. 22, 2008, Clearwater Beach, Fla.), was a petite but powerful vocalist who performed with Frank Sinatra in the big swing bands of Harry James and Tommy Dorsey and went on to make more than

  • Haines, Jackson (American figure skater)

    Jackson Haines, American skater known as the father of figure skating. A ballet dancer, he adapted ballet styles and techniques to a sport that had previously comprised a limited number of figures executed in a tight, awkward manner. Having won the U.S. men’s figure-skating championship, he went to

  • Haines, John Meade (American poet and writer)

    John Meade Haines, American poet and writer (born June 29, 1924, Norfolk, Va.—died March 2, 2011, Fairbanks, Alaska), created vivid and haunting images of his life in Alaska as a homesteader in dreamlike verse that drew on his experiences as a hunter, trapper, and resident of a self-built 3.7 ×

  • Haines, Randa (American director)

    Marlee Matlin: …performance won notice, and when Randa Haines, the director of the film adaptation, saw a video of that production, she chose to cast Matlin in the lead role of her movie, opposite William Hurt. Matlin earned a Golden Globe Award as well as an Oscar for her portrayal.

  • Hainisch, Michael Arthur Josef Jakob (president of Austria)

    Michael Hainisch, Austrian economist and statesman who served as first president of the federal republic of Austria (1920–28). A liberal scholar and political-social activist with many public interests, he vigorously supported universal and female suffrage and popular education during the last

  • Hainuwele (mythology)

    creation myth: Creation and sacrifice: … (Molucca Islands), a beautiful girl, Hainuwele, has grown up out of a coconut plant. After providing the community with their necessities and luxuries, she is killed and her body cut into several pieces, which are then thrown over the island. From each part of her body a coconut tree grows.…

  • Haiphong (Vietnam)

    Haiphong, city and province-level municipality, northeastern Vietnam. It lies on the northeastern edge of the Red River delta, beside a distributary of the Thai Binh River, 10 miles (16 km) from the Gulf of Tonkin. It is the outport of the capital, Hanoi, 37 miles (60 km) west, and is the country’s

  • Haiphong cyclone (tropical cyclone, Pacific Ocean [1881])

    Haiphong cyclone, (Oct. 8, 1881), one of most catastrophic natural disasters in history and the third deadliest tropical cyclone ever recorded. The cyclone smashed into the Gulf of Tonkin, setting off tidal waves that flooded the city of Haiphong in northeastern Vietnam, caused widespread

  • Hair (film by Forman [1979])

    Miloš Forman: Hair (1979) was Forman’s much-anticipated version of the Broadway musical, but it was a disappointment at the box office, despite receiving generally positive reviews. The director then made Ragtime (1981), a handsomely mounted, expensive adaptation of E.L. Doctorow’s best-selling novel about early 20th-century America. The…

  • hair (anatomy)

    Hair, in mammals, the characteristic threadlike outgrowths of the outer layer of the skin (epidermis) that form an animal’s coat, or pelage. Hair is present in differing degrees on all mammals. On adult whales, elephants, sirenians, and rhinoceroses body hair is limited to scattered bristles. In

  • Hair (rock musical by Ragni and Rado)

    musical: …of the rock musical was Hair (1967), which found its social dissent in a combination of loud music, stroboscopic lighting, youthful irreverence, and nudity. In a few cases, rock music was combined with biblical stories, as in Godspell (1971) by Stephen Swartz and Jesus Christ Superstar (1971) by Andrew Lloyd…

  • hair (plant anatomy)

    angiosperm: Dermal tissue: The trichomes (pubescences) that often cover the plant body are the result of divisions of epidermal cells. Trichomes may be either unicellular or multicellular and are either glandular, consisting of a stalk terminating in a glandular head, or nonglandular, consisting of elongated tapering structures. Leaf and…

  • hair cell (anatomy)

    acoustic trauma: The hair cells that line the inner ear and take part in the process of hearing can be irreversibly damaged by excessive noise levels. Intense sound blasts can rupture the tympanic membrane and dislocate or fracture the small bones of the middle ear. Hearing loss that…

  • hair dressing

    Hairdressing, custom of cutting and arranging the hair, practiced by men and women from ancient times to the present. Early records indicate that the ancient Assyrians wore elaborate curly hair styles; by contrast, the ancient Egyptians, men and women alike, shaved their heads and wore wigs.

  • hair feather (avian anatomy)

    bird: Feathers: Filoplumes are hairlike feathers with a few soft barbs near the tip. They are associated with contour feathers and may be sensory or decorative in function. Bristlelike, vaneless feathers occur around the mouth, eyes, and nostrils of birds. They are especially conspicuous around the gape…

  • hair follicle (anatomy)

    sebaceous gland: …glands are usually attached to hair follicles and release a fatty substance, sebum, into the follicular duct and thence to the surface of the skin. The glands are distributed over the entire body with the exception of the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet; they are…

  • hair follicle receptor (anatomy)

    senses: Mechanical senses: …first three, free nerve endings, hair follicle receptors, and Meissner corpuscles, respond to superficial light touch; the next two, Merkel endings and Ruffini endings, to touch pressure; and the last one, Pacinian corpuscles, to vibration. Pacinian corpuscles are built in a way that gives them a fast response and quick

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