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  • Hermonthis (ancient town, Egypt)

    Armant, ancient town in Upper Egypt, near Thebes on the west bank of the Nile River. It was the seat of a sun cult and was a crowning place of kings. The war god Mont was worshiped there in hawk-headed human form and also in his epiphany, the bull Buchis. Armant was probably the original home of

  • Hermopolis Magna (ancient city, Egypt)

    Hermopolis Magna, ancient town of Upper Egypt, located on the Nile River south of Al-Minyā in Al-Minyā muḥāfaẓah (governorate). It was known as Khmunu (“City of the Eight”) and was the capital of the Hare nome (province), the 15th nome of Upper Egypt. The great deity worshiped there was Thoth, god

  • Hermopolis Parva (Egypt)

    Damanhūr, city, capital of Al-Buḥayrah muḥāfaẓah (governorate) in the western Nile River delta, Lower Egypt. Its name is derived from the ancient Egyptian Timinhor (“City of Horus”) and has historically applied to several centres in Egypt, mostly in the delta. The capital of a Ptolemaic nome,

  • Hermosillo (Mexico)

    Hermosillo, city, capital of Sonora estado (state), northwestern Mexico. It is situated in the west-central part of the state at an elevation of about 700 feet (210 metres) near the confluence of the Sonora and San Miguel rivers (which both descend from the western flank of the Sierra Madre

  • Hermoúpolis (Greece)

    Hermoúpolis, chief port of the island of Syros (part of the Cyclades group in the Aegean Sea), South Aegean (Modern Greek: Nótio Aigaío) periféreia (region), southeastern Greece. The seat of both a Greek Orthodox and a Roman Catholic archbishopric, it was founded in 1821 at the beginning of the War

  • Hermsprong (novel by Bage)

    novel: Proletarian: …Williams (1794) and Robert Bage’s Hermsprong (1796), although, like Hard Times, sympathetic to the lot of the oppressed worker, are more concerned with the imposition of reform from above than with revolution from within, and the proletarian novel is essentially an intended device of revolution. The Russian Maxim Gorky, with…

  • Hermunduri (people)

    Germany: Ancient history: … that in ad 59 the Hermunduri, in fulfillment of their vows, sacrificed defeated Chatti to one of these gods. This elite was also the basis of political organization. The Germanic peoples comprised numerous tribes that were also united in leagues centred on the worship of particular cults. These cults were…

  • Hern, Dick (British horse trainer)

    Maj. William Richard Hern, (“Dick”; “The Major”), British racehorse trainer (born Jan. 20, 1921, Holford, Somerset, Eng.—died May 22, 2002, Oxford, Eng.), saddled the winners of 26 classic thoroughbred races in England and abroad. Hern was named Trainer of the Year four times (1962, 1972, 1980, a

  • Hern, Major William Richard (British horse trainer)

    Maj. William Richard Hern, (“Dick”; “The Major”), British racehorse trainer (born Jan. 20, 1921, Holford, Somerset, Eng.—died May 22, 2002, Oxford, Eng.), saddled the winners of 26 classic thoroughbred races in England and abroad. Hern was named Trainer of the Year four times (1962, 1972, 1980, a

  • Hernád River (river, Europe)

    Hernád River, river in Hungary and Slovakia that rises on the northern slope of the Low Tatra (Nízké Tatry) mountains in Slovakia and flows east and south to join the Sajo, a tributary of the Tisza, after a course of 165 miles (265

  • Hernandarias (governor of Río de la Plata)

    Hernando Arias de Saavedra, Spanish-American explorer, soldier, and lieutenant governor (1591–93) and governor (1602–09, 1614–18) of the Spanish district of Río de la Plata in South America. Hernandarias was known for his protection of the Indian population, for establishment of closer ties between

  • Hernández Colón, Rafael (governor of Puerto Rico)

    Rafael Hernández Colón, Puerto Rican politician and lawyer, who served as governor of Puerto Rico (1973–77; 1985–93). Hernández Colón was a graduate of Johns Hopkins University (1956) and the University of Puerto Rico Law School (1959). He became a protégé of Governor Luis Muñoz Marín and joined

  • Hernández Creus, Xavier (Spanish athlete)

    Xavi, Spanish football (soccer) player who was widely regarded as one of the best midfielders in the world in the early 21st century. At age 11 Xavi joined the youth squad of FC Barcelona, a first-division football club near his hometown. He advanced through the club’s various junior ranks before

  • Hernández de Córdoba, Francisco (Spanish conquistador)

    Yucatán Peninsula: History: …began with the expedition of Francisco Hernández de Córdoba, a Spanish adventurer from Cuba, who discovered the east coast of the Yucatán in February 1517 while on a slave-hunting expedition. In 1518 Juan de Grijalva followed the same route. In 1519 a third expedition, under the conquistador Hernán Cortés, clashed…

  • Hernandez del Castillo, Ana (American poet and author)

    Ana Castillo, American poet and author whose work explores themes of race, sexuality, and gender, especially as they relate to issues of power. Castillo studied art education at Northeastern Illinois University (B.A., 1975), where she became involved in Hispanic American artistic, activist, and

  • Hernández Martínez, Maximiliano (president of El Salvador)

    El Salvador: Military dictatorships: Maximiliano Hernández Martínez as president in December 1931 and initiated a succession of military governments that controlled the country through 1979.

  • Hernandez v. Texas (law case)

    United States: Latino and Native American activism: In 1954, in Hernandez v. Texas, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled unanimously that the conviction of an agricultural labourer, Pete Hernandez, for murder should be overturned because Mexican Americans had been barred from participating in both the jury that indicted him and the jury that convicted him. In…

  • Hernández, Amalia (Mexican choreographer and dancer)

    Amalia Hernández, Mexican folk dancer and choreographer (born 1917, Mexico City, Mex.—died Nov. 4, 2000, Mexico City), was founder of the internationally renowned Ballet Folklórico de México. Although she was trained in classical ballet, Hernández decided to specialize in native Mexican dance. S

  • Hernández, Felisberto (Uruguayan writer)

    Felisberto Hernández, one of the most original Latin American short-story writers. Hernández is known for his bizarre tales of quietly deranged individuals who inject their obsessions into everyday life. Hernández became a kind of cult figure not only because of his writing but also because of his

  • Hernandez, Felix (baseball player)

    Seattle Mariners: …by its longtime pitching ace Felix Hernandez and new free-agent second baseman Robinson Cano—won 87 games and finished one game outside of playoff qualification. Nevertheless, the team’s postseason drought extended to a major-league worst of 16 seasons in 2017. After another unexpected playoff chase in 2018 with 89 wins, the…

  • Hernández, Gregorio (Spanish sculptor)

    Gregorio Hernández, Spanish sculptor whose works are among the finest examples of polychromed wood sculpture created during the Baroque period. His images are characterized by their emotional intensity, spiritual expressiveness, and sense of dramatic gravity, as well as by their illusionistic

  • Hernández, José (Argentine poet)

    José Hernández, Argentine poet, best known for his depiction of the gauchos. At the age of 14, because of illness, he left Buenos Aires to live in the pampas, where he learned the ways of the gauchos. From 1853 to 1868 he took part in the provinces’ political struggle with Buenos Aires. After the

  • Hernández, Juan Orlando (president of Honduras)

    Honduras: The 21st century: In late November 2013 Juan Orlando Hernández of the National Party was declared the winner of the presidential election held on November 24. He captured more than 36 percent of the vote, while about 29 percent was for the second-place finisher, Xiomara Castro, the candidate of the Freedom and…

  • Hernández, María Julia (El Salvadoran human rights activist)

    María Julia Hernández, El Salvadoran human rights activist (born Jan. 30, 1939 , Honduras—died March 30, 2007 , San Salvador, El Salvador), devoted her life to chronicling and investigating the abuses and massacres committed by right-wing paramilitary death squads, which were believed supported by

  • Hernández, Melba (Cuban revolutionary)

    Melba Hernández, (Melba Hernández Rodríguez del Rey), Cuban revolutionary (born July 28, 1921, Las Cruces, Cuba—died March 9, 2014, Havana, Cuba), joined fellow lawyer Fidel Castro in his crusade to overthrow dictator Fulgencio Batista, and she remained a trusted member of Castro’s inner circle

  • Hernández, Miguel (Spanish author)

    Miguel Hernández, Spanish poet and dramatist who combined traditional lyric forms with 20th-century subjectivity. A goatherd in his youth, Hernández joined the Spanish Communist Party in 1936 and fought in the Civil War (1936–39). Condemned to death by the Nationalists after the war, his sentence

  • Hernández, Orlando (Cuban baseball player)

    Orlando Hernández, Cuban baseball pitcher who amassed a won-lost record of 129–47, the best winning percentage in the history of the Cuban League. After defecting from Cuba in 1997, he pitched in the major leagues, where he gained a reputation as a “big game” pitcher, posting a 9–3 record and a

  • Hernandez, Peter Gene (American singer-songwriter and producer)

    Bruno Mars, American singer and songwriter who was known for both his catchy pop music—which often featured upbeat lyrics, blended different genres, and had a retro quality—and his energetic live performances. He was the son of Pete (“Dr. Doo-Wop”) Hernandez, a Latin percussionist of Puerto Rican

  • Hernandia (plant genus)

    Laurales: Distribution and abundance: The largest genus, Hernandia (22 species), is distributed in Central and South America, the West Indies, West Africa, Indo-Malaysia (a region comprising India, South China, and Southeast Asia), and the Pacific Islands. Atherospermataceae includes 6 or 7 genera and 16 species, which are native to Australia, New Guinea,…

  • Hernandiaceae (plant family)

    Laurales: Other families: Hernandiaceae shares a number of features with Lauraceae, including alternate leaves (which are sometimes lobed or palmately compound) and a single carpel per flower. Members of the family also have inaperturate pollen and develop stamens with valvular dehiscence and nectariferous appendages. Hernandiaceae differ in having…

  • Hernani (play by Hugo)

    Hernani, poetic tragedy in five acts by French author Victor Hugo, first performed and published in 1830. Because it renounced the unities of time and place, Hernani was in the vanguard of the new, more naturalistic Romantic drama. The story is set in 16th-century Spain and extols the Romantic hero

  • Herndon v. Lowry (law case)

    Owen Josephus Roberts: …famous decision that he wrote, Herndon v. Lowry (1937), Roberts set aside the conviction of an African American communist organizer convicted under a law that provided no clear standard of guilt. In the area of economic and commerce law, Roberts’s opinion in Nebbia v. New York (1934) upheld the price-setting…

  • Herndon, Ellen Lewis (wife of Chester Arthur)

    Ellen Arthur, wife of Chester A. Arthur, 21st president of the United States. She never served as first lady because she died of pneumonia before her husband assumed office. The president’s sister, Mary Arthur McElroy, acted as White House hostess. Ellen Lewis Herndon was the daughter of naval

  • Herndon, William H. (American lawyer)

    Abraham Lincoln: Prairie lawyer: …and finally, from 1844, of William H. Herndon. Nearly 10 years younger than Lincoln, Herndon was more widely read, more emotional at the bar, and generally more extreme in his views. Yet this partnership seems to have been as nearly perfect as such human arrangements ever are. Lincoln and Herndon…

  • Herndon, William Lewis (American explorer)

    Amazon River: Early European exploration: , William Lewis Herndon published the report that he and Lardner Gibbon—both lieutenants in the U.S. Navy—had made to Congress under the title of Exploration of the Valley of the Amazon.

  • Herne (Germany)

    Herne, city, North Rhine–Westphalia Land (state), western Germany. It lies at the junction of the Rhine-Herne and the Dortmund-Ems canals, about 10 miles (16 km) west of Dortmund, in the industrial Ruhr district. Known as Haranni in the 10th century, it remained a small village until the discovery

  • Herne Bay (England, United Kingdom)

    Herne Bay, town, Canterbury city (local authority), on the north (Thames estuary) coast of the administrative and historic county of Kent, southeastern England. The town grew rapidly after the railway linked it with London in 1833. Reculver, 3 miles (5 km) east, is the site of the Roman station

  • Herne the Hunter (English folklore)

    Herne The Hunter, phantom hunter who haunts Windsor Great Park, impersonated by Falstaff in Shakespeare’s The Merry Wives of Windsor. Though Herne may have been an actual keeper of the forest, he is probably a local manifestation of the Wild Huntsman myth known throughout the world. The usual s

  • Herne’s Egg, The (play by Yeats)

    William Butler Yeats: …his last plays, he completed The Herne’s Egg, his most raucous work, in 1938. Yeats’s last two verse collections, New Poems and Last Poems and Two Plays, appeared in 1938 and 1939 respectively. In these books many of his previous themes are gathered up and rehandled, with an immense technical…

  • Herne, James A. (American author)

    James A. Herne, American playwright who helped bridge the gap between 19th-century melodrama and the 20th-century drama of ideas. After several years as a traveling actor, Herne scored an impressive success with his first play, Hearts of Oak (1879), written with the young David Belasco. Subsequent

  • hernia (medical condition)

    Hernia, protrusion of an organ or tissue from its normal cavity. The protrusion may extend outside the body or between cavities within the body, as when loops of intestine escape from the abdominal cavity into the chest through a defect in the diaphragm, the muscular partition between the two

  • herniated disk

    Herniated disk, displacement of part of the rubbery centre, or nucleus, of a cartilaginous disk from between the vertebrae so that it presses against the spinal cord. Pain occurs in the arms if the protrusion occurs at the level of the neck (between the fifth and sixth or sixth and seventh cervical

  • Hernici (people)

    Hernici, ancient people of Italy, whose territory was in Latium between the Fucine Lake (modern Fucino) and the Trerus (modern Sacco) River, bounded by the Volsci on the south and by the Aequi and the Marsi on the north. In 486 bc they were still strong enough to conclude a treaty with the Romans

  • Herning (Denmark)

    Herning, city, west central Jutland, Denmark. Large-scale reclamation of surrounding heaths stimulated its growth from a rural village in the 1870s to a commercial city. A road and rail junction, its manufactures include textiles and machinery. Local lignite deposits were worked extensively during

  • Hero (film by Zhang Yimou [2002])

    Zhang Yimou: Yingxiong (2002; Hero) was nominated for an Oscar for best foreign-language film, and it became the highest-grossing film in China. His subsequent action films included Shimian mai fu (2004; House of Flying Daggers) and Man cheng jin dai huangjinjia (2006; Curse of the Golden Flower). Zhang shifted…

  • Hero (fictional character)

    Much Ado About Nothing: …between the conventional Claudio and Hero, who have the usual expectations of each other, and Beatrice and Benedick, who are highly skeptical of romance and courtship and, seemingly, each other. Claudio is deceived by the jealous Don John into believing that Hero is prepared to abandon him for Claudio’s friend…

  • Hero (Greek mathematician)

    Heron of Alexandria, Greek geometer and inventor whose writings preserved for posterity a knowledge of the mathematics and engineering of Babylonia, ancient Egypt, and the Greco-Roman world. Heron’s most important geometric work, Metrica, was lost until 1896. It is a compendium, in three books, of

  • Hero (Greek mythology)

    Hero and Leander, two lovers celebrated in Greek legend. Hero, virgin priestess of Aphrodite at Sestos, was seen at a festival by Leander of Abydos; they fell in love, and he swam the Hellespont at night to visit her, guided by a light from her tower. One stormy night the light was extinguished,

  • hero (literary and cultural figure)

    Hero, in literature, broadly, the main character in a literary work; the term is also used in a specialized sense for any figure celebrated in the ancient legends of a people or in such early heroic epics as Gilgamesh, the Iliad, Beowulf, or La Chanson de Roland. These legendary heroes belong to a

  • Hero Ain’t Nothin’ but a Sandwich, A (film by Nelson [1978])

    Ralph Nelson: …Tyson and Paul Winfield, in A Hero Ain’t Nothin’ but a Sandwich (1978), an adaptation of Alice Childress’s novel about a troubled teen in Los Angeles. His last two films were made-for-television productions: Christmas Lilies of the Field, with Billy Dee Williams in the Poitier role, and You Can’t Go…

  • Hero Ain’t Nothin’ but a Sandwich, A (novel by Childress)

    A Hero Ain’t Nothin’ but a Sandwich, novel for young adults by Alice Childress, published in 1973. The work is presented in 23 short narratives and tells the story of an arrogant black teenager whose fragmented domestic life and addiction to heroin lead him into

  • Hero and Leander (work by Marlowe)

    Christopher Marlowe: Works.: …nondramatic work includes the poem Hero and Leander. This work was incomplete at his death and was extended by George Chapman: the joint work of the two poets was published in 1598.

  • Hero of Alexandria (Greek mathematician)

    Heron of Alexandria, Greek geometer and inventor whose writings preserved for posterity a knowledge of the mathematics and engineering of Babylonia, ancient Egypt, and the Greco-Roman world. Heron’s most important geometric work, Metrica, was lost until 1896. It is a compendium, in three books, of

  • Hero of Currie Road, The (work by Paton)

    Alan Paton: The Hero of Currie Road (2008) collected his short fiction. The Alan Paton Centre & Struggle Archives at the University of KwaZulu-Natal houses his papers as well as a major collection of apartheid-related manuscripts.

  • Hero of Our Time, A (work by Pratolini)

    Vasco Pratolini: …A Hero of Today, or, A Hero of Our Time) attacks fascism.

  • Hero of Our Time, A (novel by Lermontov)

    A Hero of Our Time, novel by Mikhail Lermontov, published in Russian in 1840 as Geroy nashego vremeni. Its psychologically probing portrait of a disillusioned 19th-century aristocrat and its use of a nonchronological and fragmented narrative structure influenced Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Leo Tolstoy, and

  • Hero of Today, A (work by Pratolini)

    Vasco Pratolini: …A Hero of Today, or, A Hero of Our Time) attacks fascism.

  • Hero of Upper Canada (British soldier and administrator)

    Sir Isaac Brock, British soldier and administrator in Canada, popularly known as the “Hero of Upper Canada” during the War of 1812 against the United States. Brock entered the British army as an ensign in 1785. He was made lieutenant colonel of the 49th Regiment in 1797, and in 1802 he was sent to

  • hero sandwich (food)

    Hoagie, a submarine sandwich filled with Italian meats, cheeses, and other toppings. The name likely comes from the Philadelphia area where, during World War I, Italian immigrants who worked at the Hog Island shipyard began making sandwiches; they were originally called “hoggies” before the name

  • Hero with a Thousand Faces, The (work by Campbell)

    Joseph Campbell: Works: …of Zimmer, Campbell was writing The Hero with a Thousand Faces (1949), which remains his best-known work. In an approach that contrasted with that of subsequent books, Campbell tied the meaning of myth to its plot and claimed to have deciphered the common plot of all hero myths. He understood…

  • hero worship

    miracle: Holy persons: …to distinguish between saints and hero gods, because great people of renowned virtue can be deified and venerated and even receive officially approved state cults. Miracles occur as a matter of course at their tombs and relics. In certain Islamic traditions as well as in Christian belief, the occurrence of…

  • Hero’s Life, A (work by Strauss)

    Richard Strauss: Life: …Quixote and Ein Heldenleben (A Hero’s Life). In 1904 he and Pauline, who was the foremost exponent of his songs, toured the United States, where in New York City he conducted the first performance of his Symphonia Domestica (Domestic Symphony). The following year, in Dresden, he enjoyed his first…

  • Herod (king of Judaea)

    Herod, Roman-appointed king of Judaea (37–4 bce), who built many fortresses, aqueducts, theatres, and other public buildings and generally raised the prosperity of his land but who was the centre of political and family intrigues in his later years. The New Testament portrays him as a tyrant, into

  • Herod Agrippa I (king of Judaea)

    Herod Agrippa I, king of Judaea (41–44 ce), a clever diplomat who through his friendship with the Roman imperial family obtained the kingdom of his grandfather, Herod I the Great. He displayed great acumen in conciliating the Romans and Jews. After Agrippa’s father, Aristobulus IV, was executed by

  • Herod Agrippa II (king of Chalcis)

    Herod Agrippa II, king of Chalcis in southern Lebanon from 50 ce and tetrarch of Batanaea and Trachonitis in south Syria from 53 ce, who unsuccessfully mediated with the rebels in the First Jewish Revolt (66–70 ce). He was a great-grandson of Herod I the Great. Agrippa II was raised and educated at

  • Herod Antipas (ruler of Galilee)

    Herod Antipas, son of Herod I the Great who became tetrarch of Galilee and ruled throughout Jesus of Nazareth’s ministry. In The Gospel According to Luke (13:32), Jesus is reported as having referred to him with contempt as “that fox.” About 4 bc Herod Antipas inherited part of his father’s kingdom

  • Herod Archelaus (king of Judaea)

    Herod Archelaus, son and principal heir of Herod I the Great as king of Judaea, deposed by Rome because of his unpopularity with the Jews. Named in his father’s will as ruler of the largest part of the Judaean kingdom—Judaea proper, Idumaea, and Samaria—Archelaus went to Rome (4 bc) to defend his

  • Herod Philip (king of Judaea)

    Philip, son of Herod I the Great and Cleopatra of Jerusalem (not to be confused with another Herod Philip, son of Herod I the Great by Mariamne II). He ruled ably as tetrarch over the former northeastern quarter of his father’s kingdom of Judaea. When the Roman emperor Augustus adjusted Herod’s

  • Herod the Great (king of Judaea)

    Herod, Roman-appointed king of Judaea (37–4 bce), who built many fortresses, aqueducts, theatres, and other public buildings and generally raised the prosperity of his land but who was the centre of political and family intrigues in his later years. The New Testament portrays him as a tyrant, into

  • Herod’s Gate (gate, Jerusalem)

    Jerusalem: Architecture: …wall: the New, Damascus, and Herod’s gates to the north, the St. Stephen’s (or Lion’s) Gate to the east, the Dung and Zion gates to the south, and the Jaffa Gate to the west. An eighth gate, the Golden Gate, to the east, remains sealed, however, for it is through…

  • Herodas (Greek poet)

    Herodas, Greek poet, probably of the Aegean island of Cos, author of mimes—short dramatic scenes in verse of a world of low life similar to that portrayed in the New Comedy. His work was discovered in a papyrus in 1890 and is the largest collection of the genre. It is written in rough iambic metre

  • Herodes Atticus (Greek orator and author)

    Herodes Atticus, most celebrated of the orators and writers of the Second Sophistic, a movement that revitalized the teaching and practice of rhetoric in Greece in the 2nd century ce. Herodes was born into an immensely wealthy Athenian family that had received Roman citizenship during the reign of

  • Herodes Magnus (king of Judaea)

    Herod, Roman-appointed king of Judaea (37–4 bce), who built many fortresses, aqueducts, theatres, and other public buildings and generally raised the prosperity of his land but who was the centre of political and family intrigues in his later years. The New Testament portrays him as a tyrant, into

  • Herodes, Lucius Vibullius Hipparchus Tiberius Claudius Atticus (Greek orator and author)

    Herodes Atticus, most celebrated of the orators and writers of the Second Sophistic, a movement that revitalized the teaching and practice of rhetoric in Greece in the 2nd century ce. Herodes was born into an immensely wealthy Athenian family that had received Roman citizenship during the reign of

  • Hérodiade (poem by Mallarmé)

    Stéphane Mallarmé: …in 1864 and 1865, respectively, Hérodiade (“Herodias”) and L’Après-midi d’un faune (“The Afternoon of a Faun”), the latter being the work that inspired Claude Debussy to compose his celebrated Prélude a quarter of a century later.

  • Herodian (Jewish history)

    Herodian, one of a party of influential Jewish supporters of the Herodian dynasty (c. 55 bc–c. ad 93), which ruled in all or parts of Palestine and neighbouring areas. Noted in the New Testament as opponents of Jesus, they probably were not a political party or a religious sect. They probably

  • Herodian (Greek grammarian)

    Herodian, Greek grammarian of Alexandria who is important primarily for his work on Greek accents. A son of the grammarian Apollonius Dyscolus, Herodian settled in Rome under the emperor Marcus Aurelius, to whom he dedicated a treatise on accentuation and quantity entitled Katholikē prosōdia

  • Herodian dynasty (Judaean history)

    biblical literature: Rule by the Herods: The Herods who followed were under the control of Rome. Herod the Great, son of Antipater of Idumaea, was made king of Judaea, having sided with Rome, and he ruled with Roman favour (37–4 bc). Though he was a good statesman…

  • Herodianus, Aelius (Greek grammarian)

    Herodian, Greek grammarian of Alexandria who is important primarily for his work on Greek accents. A son of the grammarian Apollonius Dyscolus, Herodian settled in Rome under the emperor Marcus Aurelius, to whom he dedicated a treatise on accentuation and quantity entitled Katholikē prosōdia

  • Herodias (queen of Galilee)

    Herodias, the wife of Herod Antipas, who was tetrarch (ruler appointed by Rome) of Galilee, in northern Palestine, from 4 bc to ad 39. She conspired to arrange the execution of John the Baptist. Her marriage to Herod Antipas (himself divorced), after her divorce from his half-brother, was censured

  • Herodotus (work by Kokoschka)

    Oskar Kokoschka: World War II and after: …are perhaps best characterized by Herodotus (1960–63), a luminously painted picture of the Greek historian as he is inspired by visions of historical figures that appear above his head; it is Kokoschka’s tribute to the importance of memory. His late style is calmer and brighter than that of his early…

  • Herodotus (Greek historian)

    Herodotus, Greek author of the first great narrative history produced in the ancient world, the History of the Greco-Persian Wars. Scholars believe that Herodotus was born at Halicarnassus, a Greek city in southwest Asia Minor that was then under Persian rule. The precise dates of his birth and

  • Heroes (album by Bowie)

    David Bowie: …Low and its sequels, “Heroes” (1977) and Lodger (1979), would prove to be Bowie’s most influential and lasting, serving as a blueprint for a later generation of techno-rock. In the short run, they marked the end of his significant mass audience impact, though not his sales—thanks mostly to Rodgers.

  • Heroes of Telemark, The (film by Mann [1965])

    Anthony Mann: The 1960s: epics: The Heroes of Telemark (1965) had large-scale World War II action, with Douglas and Richard Harris as resistance fighters battling Norway’s Nazi occupiers. Mann started the Cold War spy thriller A Dandy in Aspic (1968) but died in the midst of production, and it was…

  • Heroes of the Frontier (novel by Eggers)

    Dave Eggers: …to diagnose contemporary societal ills; Heroes of the Frontier (2016), which chronicles a recently divorced dentist’s efforts to heal from the effects of a series of misfortunes by taking her children on a road trip to Alaska; and The Monk of Mokha (2018), about an aspiring coffee entrepreneur in San…

  • Heroes, Book of (German literature)

    Das Heldenbuch, collection of German metrical romances of the 13th century. The individual poems deal with heroic themes of the struggles and conquests of the Germanic tribes during the great migrations. The poems of the Heldenbuch belong to two cycles. One group deals with the Ostrogothic sagas of

  • Heroes, Songs of (German literature)

    Heldenlieder, body of short, poignant poetic songs celebrating dramatic, and usually tragic, episodes in the lives of the Germanic heroes. Other themes concerned pagan religious ritual, battle songs, and laments for the dead. The heroic lay originated c. 375–500, during the period of the great

  • Héroët, Antoine (French poet)

    Antoine Héroët, Renaissance court poet whose works are representative of the amalgam of Platonism and Christian humanism that produced the modern concept of Platonic love. A member of the court surrounding Margaret of Angoulême, sister of Francis I and later queen of Navarre, Héroët is chiefly

  • Heroic (symphony by Beethoven)

    Eroica Symphony, symphony by Ludwig van Beethoven, known as the Eroica Symphony for its supposed heroic nature. The work premiered in Vienna on April 7, 1805, and was grander and more dramatic than customary for symphonies at the time. It was Beethoven’s largest solely instrumental work. It has

  • heroic abandon school (Chinese literature)

    Su Shi: …as the founder of the haofang (“heroic abandon”) school of writing. The optimism Su demonstrated in his private and political life can be seen also in his poems, many of which vividly describe his own experiences.

  • heroic age (literature)

    heroic poetry: …to a dimly defined “heroic age” when a generation of superior beings performed extraordinary feats of skill and courage. The heroic age varies in different native literatures. The epics of Homer created in the 8th century bc centre on a war with Troy that may have occurred about 1200…

  • heroic couplet (poetry)

    Heroic couplet, a couplet of rhyming iambic pentameters often forming a distinct rhetorical as well as metrical unit. The origin of the form in English poetry is unknown, but Geoffrey Chaucer in the 14th century was the first to make extensive use of it. The heroic couplet became the principal

  • heroic drama (drama)

    Heroic play, a type of play prevalent in Restoration England during the 1660s and 1670s. Modeled after French Neoclassical tragedy, the heroic play was written in rhyming pentameter couplets. Such plays presented characters of almost superhuman stature, and their predominant themes were exalted

  • heroic era (Antarctic history)

    Antarctica: The heroic era of exploration: During the first two decades of the 20th century, commonly called the “heroic era” of Antarctic exploration, great advances were made in not only geographic but also scientific knowledge of the continent. At the turn of the century, expeditions scrambled to…

  • Heroic Frenzies, The (work by Bruno)

    Giordano Bruno: Works: …De gli eroici furori (1585; The Heroic Frenzies), Bruno, making use of Neoplatonic imagery, treats the attainment of union with the infinite One by the human soul and exhorts man to the conquest of virtue and truth.

  • heroic line (prosody)

    Heroic verse, the verse form in which the heroic poetry of a particular language is, or according to critical opinion should be, composed. In classical poetry this was dactylic hexameter, in French the alexandrine, in Italian the hendecasyllabic line, and in English iambic

  • heroic metre (prosody)

    Heroic verse, the verse form in which the heroic poetry of a particular language is, or according to critical opinion should be, composed. In classical poetry this was dactylic hexameter, in French the alexandrine, in Italian the hendecasyllabic line, and in English iambic

  • heroic play (drama)

    Heroic play, a type of play prevalent in Restoration England during the 1660s and 1670s. Modeled after French Neoclassical tragedy, the heroic play was written in rhyming pentameter couplets. Such plays presented characters of almost superhuman stature, and their predominant themes were exalted

  • heroic poetry

    Heroic poetry, narrative verse that is elevated in mood and uses a dignified, dramatic, and formal style to describe the deeds of aristocratic warriors and rulers. It is usually composed without the aid of writing and is chanted or recited to the accompaniment of a stringed instrument. It is

  • Heroic Polonaise (solo piano piece by Chopin)

    Heroic Polonaise, solo piano piece by Polish French composer Frédéric Chopin, known and nicknamed for its forthright “heroic” character, cast rhythmically as a polonaise—a Polish court dance in waltz time. The piece was probably begun in 1842 and was published the following year. Since its

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