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  • Hephaistos (Greek mythology)

    Hephaestus, in Greek mythology, the god of fire. Originally a deity of Asia Minor and the adjoining islands (in particular Lemnos), Hephaestus had an important place of worship at the Lycian Olympus. His cult reached Athens not later than about 600 bce (although it scarcely touched Greece proper)

  • Hephthalite (people)

    Hephthalite, member of a people important in the history of India and Persia during the 5th and 6th centuries ce. According to Chinese chronicles, they were originally a tribe living to the north of the Great Wall and were known as Hoa or Hoadun. Elsewhere they were called White Huns or Hunas. They

  • Hepialidae (insect)

    Swift, (family Hepialidae), any of approximately 500 species of insects in the order Lepidoptera that are some of the largest moths, with wingspans of more than 22.5 cm (9 inches). Most European and North American species are brown or gray with silver spots on the wings, whereas the African, New

  • Hepialoidea (moth superfamily)

    lepidopteran: Annotated classification: Superfamily Hepialoidea 520 species; females with two genital openings; adult mouthparts reduced and nonfunctional, antennae very short. Family Hepialidae (swifts, or ghost moths) Almost 500 species found worldwide but chiefly in Australia and New Zealand; medium-size to very large moths, some brilliantly coloured;

  • Heppenstall, Rayner (British writer)

    novel: Antinovel: …antinovel as Christine Brooke-Rose and Rayner Heppenstall (both French scholars, incidentally) are more empirical than their French counterparts. They object mainly to the falsification of the external world that was imposed on the traditional novel by the exigencies of plot and character, and they insist on notating the minutiae of…

  • Hepplewhite, George (British cabinetmaker)

    George Hepplewhite, English cabinetmaker and furniture designer whose name is associated with a graceful style of Neoclassicism, a movement he helped to formulate in the decorative arts. Little is known of Hepplewhite’s life except that he was apprenticed to the English furniture maker Robert

  • Hepsetidae (fish)

    ostariophysan: Annotated classification: Family Hepsetidae (African pikes) Pikelike; large canine teeth; carnivorous. Food fishes. Size to 100 cm (40 inches), 55 kg (120 pounds). Africa. 1 species (Hepsetus odoe). Family Lebiasinidae (pencil fishes) Lateral line and adipose fin usually absent. Small to moderate-sized predators. South and Central America. 7 genera,…

  • heptachlor (chemical compound)

    Heptachlor, insecticide closely related to chlordane

  • heptahelical receptor (biochemistry)

    G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR), protein located in the cell membrane that binds extracellular substances and transmits signals from these substances to an intracellular molecule called a G protein (guanine nucleotide-binding protein). GPCRs are found in the cell membranes of a wide range of

  • Heptameron, The (work by Margaret of Angoulême)

    Margaret of Angoulême: …own literary works is the Heptaméron (published posthumously, 1558–59). It is constructed on the lines of Boccaccio’s Decameron, consisting of 72 tales (out of a planned 100) told by a group of travellers delayed by a flood on their return from a Pyrenean spa. The stories, illustrating the triumphs of…

  • heptameter (poetry)

    prosody: Syllable-stress metres: …six hexameter, and of seven heptameter. Lines containing more than seven feet rarely occur in English poetry.

  • heptane

    octane number: …iso-octane, which resists knocking, and heptane, which knocks readily. The octane number is the percentage by volume of iso-octane in the iso-octane–heptane mixture that matches the fuel being tested in a standard test engine. See also knocking.

  • heptane, commercial (chemistry)

    fat and oil processing: Processes: …especially the various grades of petroleum benzin (commonly known as petroleum ether, commercial hexane, or heptane). In large-scale operations, solvent extraction is a more economical means of recovering oil than is mechanical pressing. In the United States and increasingly in Europe, there are many instances of simple petroleum benzin extraction…

  • Heptanesos (islands, Greece)

    Ionian Islands, island group off the west coast of Greece, stretching south from the Albanian coast to the southern tip of the Peloponnese (Modern Greek: Pelopónnisos), and often called Heptanesos (“Seven Islands”). The islands are Corfu (Kérkyra), Cephallenia (Kefaloniá), Zacynthus (Zákynthos),

  • heptapterid (fish)

    ostariophysan: Annotated classification: Family Heptapteridae (heptapterids) Superficially similar to Pimelodidae. Mexico to South America. About 25 genera, 175 species. Family Pseudopimelodidae (bumblebee catfishes) Wide mouth, small eyes. South America. 5 genera, 26 species. Family Aspredinidae (

  • Heptapteridae (fish)

    ostariophysan: Annotated classification: Family Heptapteridae (heptapterids) Superficially similar to Pimelodidae. Mexico to South America. About 25 genera, 175 species. Family Pseudopimelodidae (bumblebee catfishes) Wide mouth, small eyes. South America. 5 genera, 26 species. Family Aspredinidae (

  • Heptarchy (medieval English history)

    Heptarchy, word used to designate the period between the establishment of Anglo-Saxon kingdoms in England toward the end of the 5th century ce and the destruction of most of them by the Danes in the second half of the 9th century. It is derived from the Greek words for "seven" and "rule." The seven

  • Heptastadion (promontory, Alexandria, Egypt)

    Alexandria: City site: …up of a mole (the Heptastadion), which was built soon after Alexandria’s founding, links the island of Pharos with the city centre on the mainland. Its two steeply curving bays form the basins for the Eastern Harbour and the Western Harbour.

  • Heptateuch (work by Aelfric)

    Aelfric: …nickname Grammaticus, he also wrote Lives of the Saints, Heptateuch (a vernacular language version of the first seven books of the Bible), as well as letters and various treatises.

  • heptathlon (athletics)

    Heptathlon, athletics competition in which contestants take part in seven different track-and-field events in two days. The heptathlon replaced the women’s pentathlon in the Olympic Games after 1981. The women’s heptathlon consists of the 100-metre hurdles, high jump, shot put, and 200-metre run on

  • heptatonic scale (music)

    Heptatonic scale, musical scale made up of seven different tones. The major and minor scales of Western art music are the most commonly known heptatonic scales, but different forms of seven-tone scales exist. Medieval church modes, each having its characteristic pattern of whole and half steps,

  • heptomino (game)

    number game: Polyominoes: …hexominoes and 108 types of heptominoes, if the dubious heptomino with an interior “hole” is included.

  • Heptulla, Najma (Indian politician, social advocate, and writer)

    Najma Heptulla, Indian politician, government official, social advocate, and writer, who occupied prominent positions in both the Indian National Congress (Congress Party) and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and long served in the Rajya Sabha (upper chamber of the Indian parliament). Heptulla was

  • Heptullah, Najma (Indian politician, social advocate, and writer)

    Najma Heptulla, Indian politician, government official, social advocate, and writer, who occupied prominent positions in both the Indian National Congress (Congress Party) and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and long served in the Rajya Sabha (upper chamber of the Indian parliament). Heptulla was

  • Hepworth, Barbara (British sculptor)

    Barbara Hepworth, sculptor whose works were among the earliest abstract sculptures produced in England. Her lyrical forms and feeling for material made her one of the most influential sculptors of the mid-20th century. Fascinated from early childhood with natural forms and textures, Hepworth

  • Hepworth, Cecil (British director)

    history of the motion picture: Edison and the Lumière brothers: …important early British filmmaker was Cecil Hepworth, whose Rescued by Rover (1905) is regarded by many historians as the most skillfully edited narrative produced before the Biograph shorts of D.W. Griffith.

  • Hepworth, Dame Jocelyn Barbara (British sculptor)

    Barbara Hepworth, sculptor whose works were among the earliest abstract sculptures produced in England. Her lyrical forms and feeling for material made her one of the most influential sculptors of the mid-20th century. Fascinated from early childhood with natural forms and textures, Hepworth

  • heqi (Daoist ritual)

    Daoism: Communal ceremonies: …the Union of Breaths (heqi), a communal sexual ritual said to have been celebrated at each new moon. Later Buddhist sources described this as a riotous orgy of outrageous and disgusting license. Several cryptic manuals of instruction for the priest in charge of these proceedings are preserved in the…

  • Heqing (Chinese educator)

    Cai Yuanpei, educator and revolutionary who served as head of Peking University in Beijing from 1916 to 1926 during the critical period when that institution played a major role in the development of a new spirit of nationalism and social reform in China. Cai passed the highest level of his

  • Her (Egyptian god)

    Horus, in ancient Egyptian religion, a god in the form of a falcon whose right eye was the sun or morning star, representing power and quintessence, and whose left eye was the moon or evening star, representing healing. Falcon cults, which were in evidence from late predynastic times, were

  • Her (film by Jonze [2013])

    Amy Adams: …system in director Spike Jonze’s Her. For her work in the former film, Adams won a Golden Globe Award for best actress in a comedy or musical and earned an Academy Award nomination for best actress. She next starred in director Tim Burton’s Big Eyes (2014) as painter Margaret Keane,…

  • Her Eyes (novel by Alavi)

    Bozorg Alavi: …for his novel Chashmhāyash (1952; Her Eyes), an extremely controversial work about an underground revolutionary leader and the upper-class woman who loves him. Alavi also wrote a number of works in German, among them, Kämpfendes Iran (1955; “The Struggle of Iran”) and Geschichte und Entwicklung der modernen Persischen Literatur (1964;…

  • Her Infinite Variety (novel by Auchincloss)

    Louis Auchincloss: …of the wealthy, Auchincloss published Her Infinite Variety (2000), a novel set in 1930s New York about a woman fighting her way up the social ladder, and The Scarlet Letters (2003), a moral fable set in contemporary New England. East Side Story (2004) is loosely based on Auchincloss’s father’s family.…

  • Her Majesty The Decemberists (album by The Decemberists)

    The Decemberists: In 2003 the group released Her Majesty The Decemberists, which built on the first album’s sound to include prominent horn and string sections. Their EP (a format intermediate in length between a single and an album) The Tain (2004) consisted of a single song broken into multiple movements and foreshadowed…

  • Her Majesty’s Stationery Office (British publishing agency)

    history of publishing: University and government presses: In England, Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, which was originally created in 1786 to coordinate office supplies for government departments, came to issue a wide range of excellent books and pamphlets in connection with museums, galleries, and the advisory function of ministries, besides official papers, before its privatization…

  • Her Sister’s Secret (film by Ulmer [1946])

    Edgar G. Ulmer: Later films: Better was Her Sister’s Secret (1946), a well-made melodrama about an unmarried woman (Nancy Coleman) who asks her married sister (Margaret Lindsay) to adopt her baby. Ulmer finally ascended to a major studio when he was hired to direct the expensive film noir The Strange Woman (1946)…

  • Her Smoke Rose Up Forever (story collection by Tiptree)

    James Tiptree, Jr.: Her Smoke Rose Up Forever (1990) is a collection of Tiptree’s and Racoona Sheldon’s most important short stories.

  • Her Son’s Wife (work by Fisher)

    Dorothy Canfield Fisher: Her Son’s Wife (1926) is one of the best regarded of her longer works; the story of a perfectionist mother who learns to accept her son’s ill-bred wife, it may contain her best characterization. In the 1940s and ’50s, Fisher worked for numerous environmental, children’s,…

  • Her’s maple (tree)

    maple: capillipes), the Her’s maple (A. hersii), and the David’s maple (A. davidii). The chalk maple, with whitish bark, is sometimes classified as A. leucoderme, although some authorities consider it a subspecies of sugar maple.

  • HER2 (pathology)

    breast cancer: Causes and symptoms: Specific mutations in genes called HER2, BRCA1, BRCA2, CHEK2, and p53 have been linked to breast cancer; these mutations may be inherited or acquired. Mutations that are inherited often substantially increase a person’s risk for developing breast cancer. For example, whereas some 12 percent of women in the general population…

  • Hera (Greek mythology)

    Hera, in Greek religion, a daughter of the Titans Cronus and Rhea, sister-wife of Zeus, and queen of the Olympian gods. The Romans identified her with their own Juno. Hera was worshipped throughout the Greek world and played an important part in Greek literature, appearing most frequently as the

  • HERA (particle accelerator)

    DESY: …the laboratory’s newest facility, the Hadron-Electron Ring Accelerator (HERA), which was completed in 1992. HERA is the only particle accelerator capable of bringing about collisions between beams of electrons or positrons and beams of protons. HERA consists of two rings in a single tunnel with a circumference of 6.3 km…

  • Hera I, Temple of (temple, Paestum, Italy)

    Western architecture: France: …is now known as the Temple of Hera I at Paestum was not a temple but a civil assembly hall. His drawings showing the building in use, with transitory adornments such as trophies, inscriptions, paintings, and even graffiti, shocked the members of the Academy of Fine Arts to whom he…

  • herabol myrrh (gum resin)

    myrrh: Herabol myrrh is obtained from C. myrrha, which grows in Ethiopia, Arabia, and Somalia, while bisabol myrrh is obtained from C. erythraea, which is an Arabian species of similar appearance. Myrrh trees are found on parched rocky hills and grow up to 3 m (9…

  • Heraclas (bishop of Alexandria)

    Origen: Life: …at whose lectures he met Heraclas, who was to become his junior colleague, then his rival, and who was to end as bishop of Alexandria refusing to hold communion with him. Origen invited Heraclas to assist him with the elementary teaching at the Catechetical school, leaving himself free for advanced…

  • Heraclea Cybistra (Konya province, Turkey)

    Ereğli, town, south-central Turkey. It stands near the foot of the central Taurus Mountains on the northern approach to the Cilician Gates, a major pass. A frontier fortification of the Byzantine Empire, then known as Heraclea Cybistra, the town lay in the way of invading armies and was captured by

  • Heraclea Pontica (Zonguldak province, Turkey)

    Ereğli, town, northern Turkey. It is situated on the Black Sea coast about 20 miles (32 km) southwest of Zonguldak. The town was founded about 560 bce as Heraclea Pontica by a colony of Megarians who soon subjected the native Mariandynians and extended their control over most of the coast. In 74

  • Heracleides of Pontus (Greek philosopher and astronomer)

    Heracleides Ponticus, Greek philosopher and astronomer who first suggested the rotation of the Earth, an idea that did not dominate astronomy until 1,800 years later. A pupil of Plato, who left the Academy temporarily in his charge, Heracleides is known to have correctly attributed the apparent

  • Heracleides Ponticus (Greek philosopher and astronomer)

    Heracleides Ponticus, Greek philosopher and astronomer who first suggested the rotation of the Earth, an idea that did not dominate astronomy until 1,800 years later. A pupil of Plato, who left the Academy temporarily in his charge, Heracleides is known to have correctly attributed the apparent

  • Heracleitus (Greek philosopher)

    Heraclitus, Greek philosopher remembered for his cosmology, in which fire forms the basic material principle of an orderly universe. Little is known about his life, and the one book he apparently wrote is lost. His views survive in the short fragments quoted and attributed to him by later authors.

  • Heracleon (Gnostic philosopher)

    Heracleon, leader of the Italian school of Gnosticism, a dualistic doctrine of rival deities conceiving of salvation as an elitist enlightenment by secret knowledge, with fulfillment in the soul’s eventual release from the body. Diverging from his contemporaries Valentinus and Ptolemaeus, Heracleon

  • Heracleonas (Byzantine emperor)

    Heraclonas, Byzantine emperor for a brief period in 641 who was accused, probably falsely, of complicity in the death of his half brother, Constantine III. Heraclonas was the son of the Byzantine emperor Heraclius and his second wife, Martina. In 638, through his mother’s influence, he obtained t

  • Heracleopolis (ancient city, Egypt)

    ancient Egypt: The 10th (c. 2080–c. 1970 bce) and 11th (2081–1938 bce) dynasties: …rival dynasties at Thebes and Heracleopolis. The latter, the 10th, probably continued the line of the 9th. The founder of the 9th or 10th dynasty was named Khety, and the dynasty as a whole was termed the House of Khety. Several Heracleopolitan kings were named Khety; another important name is…

  • Heracles (classical mythology)

    Heracles, one of the most famous Greco-Roman legendary heroes. Traditionally, Heracles was the son of Zeus and Alcmene (see Amphitryon), granddaughter of Perseus. Zeus swore that the next son born of the Perseid house should become ruler of Greece, but—by a trick of Zeus’s jealous wife,

  • Heracles at Sicyon (sculpture by Lysippus)

    Lysippus: …colossal, but exhausted and melancholy, Heracles at Sicyon was the original of the Farnese Heracles, signed by Glycon as copyist. The Glycon copy has many copies extant, including one in the Pitti Palace, Florence, with an inscription naming Lysippus as the artist.

  • Heracles, Labours of (classical mythology)

    girdle: For his ninth labour, Heracles was tasked with obtaining the enchanted girdle of Hippolyte, queen of the Amazons. In Sir Gawayne and the Grene Knight, the Arthurian knight Gawain accepts the gift of a girdle of invulnerability, but he forsakes his honour as a Christian knight to…

  • Heracleum (plant)

    Cow parsnip, (genus Heracleum), genus of about 60 species of flowering plants in the parsley family (Apiaceae), distributed throughout the North Temperate Zone and on tropical mountains. Cow parsnips are perennials, often several feet high, with large compound leaves and broad clusters of white or

  • Heracleum lanatum (plant)

    cow parsnip: Common cow parsnip (H. lanatum or H. maximum) is a weedy plant native to North America. It grows to more than 2 metres (7 feet) in height and produces white flower clusters that are nearly 20 cm (8 inches) in diameter.

  • Heracleum mantegazzianum (plant)

    cow parsnip: Giant hogweed (H. mantegazzianum) is native to the Caucasus but is considered an invasive species in many areas outside its native range. That striking plant can attain a height of 4 metres (about 13 feet) and has a stout red-spotted stem and a white inflorescence…

  • Heracleum maximum (plant)

    cow parsnip: Common cow parsnip (H. lanatum or H. maximum) is a weedy plant native to North America. It grows to more than 2 metres (7 feet) in height and produces white flower clusters that are nearly 20 cm (8 inches) in diameter.

  • Heracleum sphondylium (plant)

    cow parsnip: Common hogweed, or eltrot (H. sphondylium), is native to Eurasia and has naturalized in eastern North America. Giant hogweed (H. mantegazzianum) is native to the Caucasus but is considered an invasive species in many areas outside its native range. That striking plant can attain a…

  • Heraclitus (Greek philosopher)

    Heraclitus, Greek philosopher remembered for his cosmology, in which fire forms the basic material principle of an orderly universe. Little is known about his life, and the one book he apparently wrote is lost. His views survive in the short fragments quoted and attributed to him by later authors.

  • Heraclius (Byzantine emperor)

    Heraclius, Eastern Roman emperor (610–641) who reorganized and strengthened the imperial administration and the imperial armies but who, nevertheless, lost Syria, Palestine, Egypt, and Byzantine Mesopotamia to the Arab Muslims. Heraclius was born in eastern Anatolia. His father, probably of

  • Heraclius Constantine (Byzantine emperor)

    Constantine III, Byzantine emperor from January to April or May 641. He was coemperor with his father, Heraclius, from 613 and with his brother Heraclonas from 638. During his reign, court intrigues nearly led to civil war, which was prevented by his death. It was rumoured that he was poisoned by

  • Heraclonas (Byzantine emperor)

    Heraclonas, Byzantine emperor for a brief period in 641 who was accused, probably falsely, of complicity in the death of his half brother, Constantine III. Heraclonas was the son of the Byzantine emperor Heraclius and his second wife, Martina. In 638, through his mother’s influence, he obtained t

  • Heraea Games (sporting contest, ancient Greece)

    athletics: Origin and early development: …to have formed their own Heraea Games, which, like the Olympics, were held every four years.

  • Heraeum (Greek religious architecture)

    Heraeum, in ancient Greece, a temple or sanctuary dedicated to Hera, queen of the Olympian gods. The most important of these was the Argive Heraeum, five miles (eight kilometres) northeast of Argos, Greece, where Hera’s cult was established at an early date (c. 750 bc). A number of successive

  • Hērakleidai (work by Euripides)

    Children of Heracles, minor political play by Euripides, performed in 430 bce. It concerns the Athenians’ defense of the young children of the dead Heracles from the murderous King Eurystheus of Argos. The play is essentially a simple glorification of

  • Herákleion (Greece)

    Heraklion, largest city, a dímos (municipality), and principal port of the Greek island of Crete and capital of the pereferiakí enótita (regional unit) Heraklion (Irákleio). It lies on the island’s north coast along the Sea of Crete, just northwest of the ancient Minoan capital of Knossos. The

  • Herakles (classical mythology)

    Heracles, one of the most famous Greco-Roman legendary heroes. Traditionally, Heracles was the son of Zeus and Alcmene (see Amphitryon), granddaughter of Perseus. Zeus swore that the next son born of the Perseid house should become ruler of Greece, but—by a trick of Zeus’s jealous wife,

  • Herakles (work by Euripides)

    classical scholarship: Late 19th-century developments in German scholarship: …was his commentary on the Herakles of Euripides (1st edition, with a remarkable introduction to Attic tragedy, 1889; 2nd edition, 1895). Wilamowitz-Moellendorff produced many more texts and commentaries, besides important work on Greek history, religion, metre, and the history of scholarship. As a professor in Greifswald, Göttingen, and finally Berlin,…

  • Herakles (sculpture by Bourdelle)

    Antoine Bourdelle: …triumph in the Salon with Herakles (also called Hercules Archer), which again owes much to Archaic art, although the pose is far more sinuous and the musculature more exaggerated; he made several sculptures of this subject. Also in 1910 he created the full-length portrait Rodin at Work, the head of…

  • Hēraklēs mainomenos (work by Euripides)

    The Madness of Heracles, drama by Euripides, performed about 416 bce. The action of the play occurs after Heracles performed the 12 labours. Temporarily driven mad by the goddess Hera, Heracles kills his wife and children. When he recovers his reason, he fights suicidal despair and then is taken to

  • Heraklion (Greece)

    Heraklion, largest city, a dímos (municipality), and principal port of the Greek island of Crete and capital of the pereferiakí enótita (regional unit) Heraklion (Irákleio). It lies on the island’s north coast along the Sea of Crete, just northwest of the ancient Minoan capital of Knossos. The

  • herald (medieval officer)

    Herald, originally, an officer in medieval Europe charged with carrying messages to and from the commanders of opposing armies; in modern times, a professional authority on armorial history and genealogy. In the 12th century heralds formally announced and conducted tournaments, including the

  • herald (printed advertising)

    circus: The parade: Following the bugle brigade heralding the grand event, there was a long procession of horses, flag bearers, bands on magnificent wagons, allegorical tableaux, clowns, knights in armour, beautiful ladies on steeds, Roman chariots, chimes, bells, a band organ, cage after cage of wild animals (some open to view and…

  • Herald American (American newspaper)

    Rupert Murdoch: Acquisitions: News of the World, The Sun, and The Times: …changed the name to the Boston Herald (sold 1994). He bought TV Guide in 1988 (sold 2008). Overall in the 1980s and ’90s he bought and later sold a number of American publications—such as the Chicago Sun-Times, the New York City Village Voice, and New York magazine. Among Murdoch’s diverse…

  • Herald of Freedom (newspaper, Danbury, Connecticut, United States)

    P.T. Barnum: …a Danbury, Connecticut, weekly newspaper, Herald of Freedom. Arrested three times for libel, he enjoyed his first taste of notoriety.

  • Herald Tribune (newspaper, New York City, New York, United States)

    Marie Mattingly Meloney: …of what became an annual Herald Tribune Forum on Current Problems, a prestigious event that soon drew statesmen from around the world to its platform. In 1935 she became editor of This Week, an experimental Sunday magazine published by the Herald Tribune and distributed with it and a number of…

  • Herald, Heinz (German screenwriter)
  • Herald, The (newspaper, New York City, New York, United States)

    Noah Webster: …Minerva, and a semi-weekly paper, The Herald, which was made up of reprinted selections from the daily. He sold both papers in 1803.

  • Herald, The (newspaper, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia)

    Theodore Fink: He was chairman of The Herald of Melbourne and helped make it one of the most influential newspapers in Australia.

  • heraldic design

    Heraldry, the science and the art that deal with the use, display, and regulation of hereditary symbols employed to distinguish individuals, armies, institutions, and corporations. Those symbols, which originated as identification devices on flags and shields, are called armorial bearings. Strictly

  • heraldic memorial

    Heraldic memorial, commemorative work of art decorated with the armorial bearings of the deceased. Memorials, whether in the form of stained-glass windows, effigies, monumental brasses, or tablets on church walls and in graveyards, provide an heraldic education of great value, contributing to the

  • Heraldic Visitation (heraldry and English history)

    heraldry: Records and grants: …important development came with the heraldic visitations. From 1530 in the reign of Henry VIII to 1686 in the reign of James II, commissions were issued by the sovereign to the heralds directing them to proceed to a county in England or Wales and to inspect the arms in use…

  • heraldos negros, Los (work by Vallejo)

    César Vallejo: Vallejo’s first book of poems, Los heraldos negros (1918; “The Black Heralds [or Messengers]”), showed him still under the stylistic influence of Parnassianism and Modernism in his exploration of what were to be his major themes: his loss of security when his mother and an older brother died; his resulting…

  • heraldry

    Heraldry, the science and the art that deal with the use, display, and regulation of hereditary symbols employed to distinguish individuals, armies, institutions, and corporations. Those symbols, which originated as identification devices on flags and shields, are called armorial bearings. Strictly

  • Heralds’ College (heraldic institution, London, United Kingdom)

    College of Arms, corporation of the royal heralds of England and Wales. After the Court of Lord Lyon (the heraldic corporation of Scotland), it is the oldest active heraldic institution in Europe. The college investigates, records, and advises on the use of coats of arms (armorial bearings), royal

  • Herapath, John (scientist)

    atom: Kinetic theory of gases: Herapath, an English amateur physicist ignored by his contemporaries, published his version of the kinetic theory in 1821. He also derived an empirical relation akin to Boyle’s law but did not understand correctly the role of heat and temperature in determining the pressure of a…

  • Herāt (Afghanistan)

    Herāt, city in western Afghanistan, lying on the Harīrūd River, south of the Sefīd Kūh (Paropamisus Range), at an elevation of 3,026 feet (922 metres). Herāt is the focus of one of the country’s most densely populated and fertile agricultural areas, irrigated from the Harīrūd. It is a highway

  • Herāt (province, Afghanistan)

    Herāt, velāyat (province) in western Afghanistan, 23,668 sq mi (61,301 sq km) in area, with its capital at Herāt city. It is bounded by Iran (west), by Turkmenistan and the Afghan province of Bādghīsāt (north), by Ghowr Province (east), and by Farāh Province (south). Herāt is relatively flat except

  • Herāt carpet

    Herāt carpet, handwoven floor covering thought to have been woven in Herāt, the Timurid capital in the 15th century, an important city in the 17th century, and now a provincial capital in western Afghanistan. Classic Herāt carpets, made in the 16th and early 17th centuries, are known for their

  • Herāt school (painting)

    Herāt school, 15th-century style of miniature painting that flourished in Herāt, western Afghanistan, under the patronage of the Timurids. Shāh Rokh, the son of the Islāmic conqueror Timur (Tamerlane), founded the school, but it was his son Baysunqur Mīrzā (died 1433) who developed it into an

  • Hérault (department, France)

    Languedoc-Roussillon: départements of Lozère, Gard, Hérault, Aude, and Pyrénées-Orientales and was roughly coextensive with the former province of Languedoc. In 2016 the Languedoc-Roussillon région was joined with the région of Midi-Pyrénées to form the new administrative entity of Occitanie.

  • Hérault de Séchelles, Marie-Jean (French noble)

    Marie-Jean Hérault de Séchelles, nobleman and magistrate who became a member of the Committee of Public Safety that ruled Revolutionary France during the period of the Jacobin dictatorship (1793–94). Hérault de Séchelles came from an ancient and distinguished noble family. Wealthy, handsome, and

  • herb (culinary and medicinal plant)

    spice and herb: herb, parts of various plants cultivated for their aromatic, pungent, or otherwise desirable substances. Spices and herbs consist of rhizomes, bulbs, barks, flower buds, stigmas, fruits, seeds, and leaves. They are commonly divided into the categories of spices, spice seeds, and herbs.

  • herb (plant form)

    plant: Classification of angiosperms: Herbaceous plants have soft, flexible aerial portions and commonly die back each year.

  • herb Christopher (plant species)

    baneberry: The cohosh, or herb Christopher (A. spicata), native to Eurasia, is approximately 30 to 60 cm (12 to 24 inches) tall and bears purplish black berries that sometimes are used to make dye. The red baneberry, or red cohosh (A. rubra), native to North America, closely…

  • herb garden

    gardening: Herb and vegetable gardens: …first botanical gardens were largely herb gardens containing plants used for medicinal purposes or herbs such as thyme, parsley, rosemary, fennel, marjoram, and dill for savouring foods. The term herb garden is usually used now to denote a garden of herbs used for cooking, and the medicinal aspect is rarely…

  • herb mercury (plant)

    mercury: Herb mercury (M. annua) grows as a weed in cultivated areas and shaded woods. Dog’s mercury (M. perennis), which is malodorous and poisonous to livestock, grows wild in European woodlands. Its leaves are the source of an unstable blue dye. The clusters of small, green,…

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