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  • Henry IX (British pretender)

    Henry Stuart, cardinal duke of York, last legitimate descendant of the deposed (1688) Stuart monarch James II of Great Britain. To the Jacobites—supporters of Stuart claims to the British throne—he was known as King Henry IX of Great Britain for the last 19 years of his life. Shortly after his

  • Henry James Letters (work by Edel)

    Leon Edel: (1963–65), and Henry James Letters, 4 vol. (1974–84). In addition to teaching at the University of Hawaii (1972–78), Edel lectured in later years.

  • Henry James: The Conquest of London, 1870-1883 (work by Edel)

    Leon Edel: …second and third volumes (Henry James: The Conquest of London, 1870–1883 and Henry James: The Middle Years, 1882–1895, both published in 1962) of a definitive five-volume biography completed in 1972. He edited The Complete Tales of Henry James, 12 vol. (1963–65), and Henry James Letters, 4 vol. (1974–84). In…

  • Henry James: The Middle Years, 1882-1895 (work by Edel)

    Leon Edel: …Conquest of London, 1870–1883 and Henry James: The Middle Years, 1882–1895, both published in 1962) of a definitive five-volume biography completed in 1972. He edited The Complete Tales of Henry James, 12 vol. (1963–65), and Henry James Letters, 4 vol. (1974–84). In addition to teaching at the University of Hawaii…

  • Henry Kendall College (university, Tulsa, Oklahoma, United States)

    University of Tulsa, private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Tulsa, Oklahoma, U.S. It is affiliated with the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.). The university offers undergraduate degrees through the Henry Kendall College of Arts and Sciences, the College of Business Administration, and

  • Henry Merritt: Art Criticism and Romance (work by Merritt)

    Anna Lea Merritt: …supplied 23 small etchings for Henry Merritt: Art Criticism and Romance (1879).

  • Henry Mountains (mountains, Utah, United States)

    Henry Mountains, segment of the Colorado Plateau, extending for 40 miles (64 km) in a northwest–southeast direction across Garfield county, southern Utah, U.S. Mount Ellen, which ascends to 11,615 feet (3,540 metres), is the highest point. Named for Joseph Henry, a great American scientist and the

  • Henry of Anjou (king of England)

    Henry II, duke of Normandy (from 1150), count of Anjou (from 1151), duke of Aquitaine (from 1152), and king of England (from 1154), who greatly expanded his Anglo-French domains and strengthened the royal administration in England. His quarrels with Thomas Becket, archbishop of Canterbury, and with

  • Henry of Bavaria (bishop of Utrecht)

    Utrecht: …Holland until the Utrecht bishop Henry of Bavaria sold his temporal rights to Emperor Charles V in 1527, upon which Utrecht became part of the Habsburg dominions. Spanish domination prevailed until 1577, when the women of Utrecht scaled the local Spanish fortress and tried to pull it down. Thenceforth Utrecht…

  • Henry of Blois (British bishop)

    Henry Of Blois, bishop of Winchester (from 1129) and papal legate in England (1139–43), who was largely instrumental in having his brother Stephen recognized as king of England (1135). Henry was the fourth son of Stephen, count of Blois and Chartres, and of Adela, daughter of William I the

  • Henry of Bourbon (king of France)

    Henry IV, king of Navarre (as Henry III, 1572–89) and first Bourbon king of France (1589–1610), who, at the end of the Wars of Religion, abjured Protestantism and converted to Roman Catholicism (1593) in order to win Paris and reunify France. With the aid of such ministers as the Duke de Sully, he

  • Henry of Burgundy (king of Portugal [1057-1112])

    Afonso I: …of Portugal to Afonso’s father, Henry of Burgundy, who successfully defended it against the Muslims (1095–1112). Henry married Alfonso VI’s illegitimate daughter, Teresa, who governed Portugal from the time of her husband’s death (1112) until her son Afonso came of age. She refused to cede her power to Afonso, but…

  • Henry of Flanders (emperor of Constantinople)

    Henry of Hainault, second and most able of the Latin emperors of Constantinople, who reigned from 1206 to 1216 and consolidated the power of the new empire. Son of Baldwin V, count of Hainaut, and younger brother of Baldwin I, the first Latin emperor, Henry began the conquest of Asia Minor in 1204

  • Henry of Ghent (French philosopher)

    Henry of Ghent, Scholastic philosopher and theologian, one of the most illustrious teachers of his time, who was a great adversary of St. Thomas Aquinas and whose controversial writings influenced his contemporaries and followers, particularly postmedieval Platonists. After studying at Tournai, w

  • Henry of Guise (French noble)

    Henri I de Lorraine, 3e duc de Guise, popular duke of Guise, the acknowledged chief of the Catholic party and the Holy League during the French Wars of Religion. Henri de Lorraine was 13 years old at the death of his father, François, the 2nd duke (1563), and grew up under the domination of a

  • Henry of Hainault (emperor of Constantinople)

    Henry of Hainault, second and most able of the Latin emperors of Constantinople, who reigned from 1206 to 1216 and consolidated the power of the new empire. Son of Baldwin V, count of Hainaut, and younger brother of Baldwin I, the first Latin emperor, Henry began the conquest of Asia Minor in 1204

  • Henry of Hainaut (emperor of Constantinople)

    Henry of Hainault, second and most able of the Latin emperors of Constantinople, who reigned from 1206 to 1216 and consolidated the power of the new empire. Son of Baldwin V, count of Hainaut, and younger brother of Baldwin I, the first Latin emperor, Henry began the conquest of Asia Minor in 1204

  • Henry of Lancaster (king of England)

    Henry IV, king of England from 1399 to 1413, the first of three 15th-century monarchs from the house of Lancaster. He gained the crown by usurpation and successfully consolidated his power in the face of repeated uprisings of powerful nobles. However, he was unable to overcome the fiscal and

  • Henry of Navarre (king of France)

    Henry IV, king of Navarre (as Henry III, 1572–89) and first Bourbon king of France (1589–1610), who, at the end of the Wars of Religion, abjured Protestantism and converted to Roman Catholicism (1593) in order to win Paris and reunify France. With the aid of such ministers as the Duke de Sully, he

  • Henry of Oatlands (English noble)

    Henry Stuart, Duke of Gloucester, Protestant brother of Charles II of England. The third son of Charles I, he visited his father the night before his execution and for three years thereafter was confined by the Commonwealth regime. In 1652 Oliver Cromwell gave him permission to go abroad, and he

  • Henry of Speyer (German count)

    Conrad II: …was the son of Count Henry of Speyer, who had been passed over in his inheritances in favour of a younger brother. Henry was descended, through the marriage of his great-grandfather Conrad the Red to a daughter of Emperor Otto, from the Saxon house. Left poor, Conrad was brought up…

  • Henry of Susa (bishop of Ostia)

    decretal: …manual of ecclesiastical procedural law; Henry of Susa (d. 1271), cardinal bishop of Ostia, known as the “king of law” and author of a “Golden Summary” (Summa Aurea) of the titles of the decretals; St. Raymond of Peñafort (d. 1275), a Spanish Dominican who compiled the Decretals of Gregory IX…

  • Henry of Trastámara (king of Castile)

    Henry II, king of Castile from 1369, founder of the house of Trastámara, which lasted until 1504. The illegitimate son of Alfonso XI of Castile, Henry rebelled against his younger half brother, Peter I (Peter the Cruel), invaded Castile with French aid in 1366, and was crowned king at Burgos. Peter

  • Henry of Valois (king of France and Poland)

    Henry III, king of France from 1574, under whose reign the prolonged crisis of the Wars of Religion was made worse by dynastic rivalries arising because the male line of the Valois dynasty was going to die out with him. The third son of Henry II and Catherine de Médicis, Henry was at first e

  • Henry Puyi (emperor of Qing dynasty)

    Puyi, last emperor (1908–1911/12) of the Qing (Manchu) dynasty (1644–1911/12) in China and puppet emperor of the Japanese-controlled state of Manchukuo (Chinese: Manzhouguo) from 1934 to 1945. Puyi succeeded to the Manchu throne at the age of three, when his uncle, the Guangxu emperor, died on

  • Henry Raspe (antiking of Germany)

    Henry Raspe, landgrave of Thuringia (1227–47) and German anti-king (1246–47) who was used by Pope Innocent IV in an attempt to oust the Hohenstaufen dynasty from Germany. On the death of his elder brother Landgrave Louis IV, in 1227, Henry seized power (thus excluding his nephew Hermann II from the

  • Henry Street Settlement (settlement house complex, New York City, New York, United States)

    Henry Street Settlement, settlement house complex in New York City, founded in 1893 by American nurse and social worker Lillian D. Wald as a nursing service for immigrants. Initially composed of several properties on Henry Street, the settlement later expanded throughout the Manhattan’s Lower East

  • Henry system (police technology)

    fingerprint: The Galton-Henry system of fingerprint classification, published in June 1900, was officially introduced at Scotland Yard in 1901 and quickly became the basis for its criminal-identification records. The system was adopted immediately by law-enforcement agencies in the English-speaking countries of the world and is now the…

  • Henry the Bastard (king of Castile)

    Henry II, king of Castile from 1369, founder of the house of Trastámara, which lasted until 1504. The illegitimate son of Alfonso XI of Castile, Henry rebelled against his younger half brother, Peter I (Peter the Cruel), invaded Castile with French aid in 1366, and was crowned king at Burgos. Peter

  • Henry the Cardinal-King (king of Portugal [1512–1580])

    Henry, king of Portugal and Roman Catholic ecclesiastic whose brief reign (1578–80) was dominated by the problem of succession. His failure to decisively designate a successor left the Portuguese throne at his death prey to its Spanish claimant, King Philip II. Henry, son of Manuel I, chose a

  • Henry the Child (ruler of Hesse)

    Hessen: History: …the territory to her son, Henry I (the Child), who founded the Brabant dynasty of Hessen and in 1292 was raised to the rank of a prince of the Holy Roman Empire.

  • Henry the Elder (duke of Lower Bavaria)

    Louis IV: Struggle with the Habsburgs: …by the marriage of Duke Henry the Elder of Lower Bavaria with a Luxembourg the following year, or by the acquisition, by way of collateral, of the Egerland. Luxembourg finally allied itself with France, and this move, in turn, led to an increased hostility toward Louis on the part of…

  • Henry the Fat (king of Navarre)

    Henry I, king of Navarre (1270–74) and count (as Henry III) of Champagne. Henry was the youngest son of Theobald I of Navarre by Margaret of Foix. He succeeded his eldest brother, Theobald II (Thibaut V), in both kingdom and countship in December 1270. By his marriage (1269) to Blanche, daughter o

  • Henry the Fowler (king of Germany)

    Henry I, German king and founder of the Saxon dynasty (918–1024) who strengthened the East Frankish, or German, army, encouraged the growth of towns, brought Lotharingia (Lorraine) back under German control (925), and secured German borders against pagan incursions. The son of Otto the Illustrious,

  • Henry the Fratricide (king of Castile)

    Henry II, king of Castile from 1369, founder of the house of Trastámara, which lasted until 1504. The illegitimate son of Alfonso XI of Castile, Henry rebelled against his younger half brother, Peter I (Peter the Cruel), invaded Castile with French aid in 1366, and was crowned king at Burgos. Peter

  • Henry the Great (king of France)

    Henry IV, king of Navarre (as Henry III, 1572–89) and first Bourbon king of France (1589–1610), who, at the end of the Wars of Religion, abjured Protestantism and converted to Roman Catholicism (1593) in order to win Paris and reunify France. With the aid of such ministers as the Duke de Sully, he

  • Henry the Impotent (king of Castile)

    Henry IV, king of Castile from 1454 to 1474, whose reign, though at first promising, became chaotic. Henry’s weak father, John II, was entirely under the control of his constable, Álvaro de Luna, who gave the young Henry a separate court at Segovia, hoping to control him. Instead, Henry became the

  • Henry the Liberal (king of Castile)

    Henry IV, king of Castile from 1454 to 1474, whose reign, though at first promising, became chaotic. Henry’s weak father, John II, was entirely under the control of his constable, Álvaro de Luna, who gave the young Henry a separate court at Segovia, hoping to control him. Instead, Henry became the

  • Henry the Lion (duke of Bavaria and Saxony)

    Henry III, duke of Saxony (1142–80) and of Bavaria (as Henry XII, 1156–80), a strong supporter of the emperor Frederick I Barbarossa. Henry spent his early years recovering his ancestral lands of Saxony (1142) and Bavaria (1154–56), thereafter founding the city of Munich (1157), enhancing the

  • Henry the Minstrel (Scottish writer)

    Harry The Minstrel, author of the Scottish historical romance The Acts and Deeds of the Illustrious and Valiant Champion Sir William Wallace, Knight of Elderslie, which is preserved in a manuscript dated 1488. He has been traditionally identified with the Blind Harry named among others in William

  • Henry the Navigator (prince of Portugal)

    Henry the Navigator, Portuguese prince noted for his patronage of voyages of discovery among the Madeira Islands and along the western coast of Africa. The epithet Navigator, applied to him by the English (though seldom by Portuguese writers), is a misnomer, as he himself never embarked on any

  • Henry the Proud (duke of Bavaria)

    Henry X, margrave of Tuscany, duke of Saxony (as Henry II), and duke of Bavaria, a member of the Welf dynasty, whose policies helped to launch the feud between the Welf and the Hohenstaufen dynasties that was to influence German politics for more than a century. Upon his father’s death in 1126

  • Henry the Scarred (French noble)

    Henri I de Lorraine, 3e duc de Guise, popular duke of Guise, the acknowledged chief of the Catholic party and the Holy League during the French Wars of Religion. Henri de Lorraine was 13 years old at the death of his father, François, the 2nd duke (1563), and grew up under the domination of a

  • Henry the Sufferer (king of Castile)

    Henry III, king of Castile from 1390 to 1406. Though unable to take the field because of illness, he jealously preserved royal power through the royal council, the Audiencia (supreme court), and the corregidores (magistrates). During his minority, the anti-Jewish riots of Sevilla (Seville) and

  • Henry the Young King (king designate of England)

    Henry The Young King, second son of King Henry II of England by Eleanor of Aquitaine; he was regarded, after the death of his elder brother, William, in 1156, as his father’s successor in England, Normandy, and Anjou. In 1158 Henry, only three years of age, was betrothed to Margaret, daughter of

  • Henry the Younger (duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel)

    Henry II, duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, one of the leading Roman Catholic princes attempting to stem the Reformation in Germany. Always a loyal supporter of the Habsburg emperors, Henry tried to restore Roman Catholicism in his realm but was defeated by John Frederick I the Magnanimous of Saxony

  • Henry V (film by Branagh [1989])

    Kenneth Branagh: In 1989 Branagh brought Henry V to the screen. The movie received critical acclaim, and Branagh was nominated for an Academy Award for best director and another for best actor. Emma Thompson, whom Branagh married in 1989, costarred. The two appeared together in many film and stage productions until…

  • Henry V (film score by Walton)

    Henry V, film score by English composer William Walton for the 1944 Laurence Olivier film of the same name. Walton composed music for about a dozen films, including three adaptations of Shakespeare plays for film by Olivier (Hamlet [1948] and Richard III [1955] were the other two). For Henry V,

  • Henry V (work by Shakespeare)

    Henry V, chronicle play in five acts by William Shakespeare, first performed in 1599 and published in 1600 in a corrupt quarto edition; the text in the First Folio of 1623, printed seemingly from an authorial manuscript, is substantially longer and more reliable. Henry V is the last in a sequence

  • Henry V (film by Olivier [1944])

    Henry V, British dramatic film, released in 1944, that was an adaptation of William Shakespeare’s historical play of the same name. It marks the triumphant directorial debut of Laurence Olivier, who also coproduced and starred in the film. It is widely considered among the best film adaptations of

  • Henry V (Holy Roman emperor)

    Henry V, German king (from 1099) and Holy Roman emperor (1111–25), last of the Salian dynasty. He restored virtual peace in the empire and was generally successful in wars with Flanders, Bohemia, Hungary, and Poland. As son of Henry IV, he continued his father’s Investiture Controversy with the

  • Henry V (king of England)

    Henry V, king of England (1413–22) of the house of Lancaster, son of Henry IV. As victor of the Battle of Agincourt (1415, in the Hundred Years’ War with France), he made England one of the strongest kingdoms in Europe. Henry was the eldest son of Henry, earl of Derby (afterward Henry IV), by Mary

  • Henry V, King (fictional character)

    Prince Hal, fictional character, based on the English monarch, who first appears in William Shakespeare’s play Henry IV, Part 1, where he is portrayed as an irresponsible, fun-loving youth. In Shakespeare’s Henry V he proves to be a wise, capable, and responsible king and wins a great victory over

  • Henry VI (Holy Roman emperor)

    Henry VI, German king and Holy Roman emperor of the Hohenstaufen dynasty who increased his power and that of his dynasty by his acquisition of the kingdom of Sicily through his marriage to Constance I, posthumous daughter of the Sicilian king Roger II. Although Henry failed in his objective of

  • Henry VI (Holy Roman emperor)

    Henry III, duke of Bavaria (as Henry VI, 1027–41), duke of Swabia (as Henry I, 1038–45), German king (from 1039), and Holy Roman emperor (1046–56), a member of the Salian dynasty. The last emperor able to dominate the papacy, he was a powerful advocate of the Cluniac reform movement that sought to

  • Henry VI (king of England)

    Henry VI, king of England from 1422 to 1461 and from 1470 to 1471, a pious and studious recluse whose incapacity for government was one of the causes of the Wars of the Roses. Henry succeeded his father, Henry V, on September 1, 1422, and on the death (October 21, 1422) of his maternal grandfather,

  • Henry VI (fictional character)

    Henry VI, Part 1: …forming around the boy king, Henry VI. The chief rivalry is between Henry’s uncle Humphrey, duke of Gloucester, the Lord Protector, and his great-uncle, Henry Beaufort, bishop of Winchester. The peace Henry V had established in France is shattered as Joan la Pucelle (Joan of Arc) persuades the newly crowned…

  • Henry VI, Part 1 (work by Shakespeare)

    Henry VI, Part 1, chronicle play in five acts by William Shakespeare, written sometime in 1589–92 and published in the First Folio of 1623. Henry VI, Part 1 is the first in a sequence of four history plays (the others being Henry VI, Part 2, Henry VI, Part 3, and Richard III) known collectively as

  • Henry VI, Part 2 (work by Shakespeare)

    Henry VI, Part 2, chronicle play in five acts by William Shakespeare, written sometime in 1590–92. It was first published in a corrupt quarto in 1594. The version published in the First Folio of 1623 is considerably longer and seems to have been based on an authorial manuscript. Henry VI, Part 2 is

  • Henry VI, Part 3 (work by Shakespeare)

    Henry VI, Part 3, chronicle play in five acts by William Shakespeare, written in 1590–93. Like Henry IV, Part 2, it was first published in a corrupt quarto, this time in 1595. The version published in the First Folio of 1623 is considerably longer and seems to have been based on an authorial

  • Henry VII (king of England)

    Henry VII, king of England (1485–1509), who succeeded in ending the Wars of the Roses between the houses of Lancaster and York and founded the Tudor dynasty. Henry, son of Edmund Tudor, earl of Richmond, and Margaret Beaufort, was born nearly three months after his father’s death. His father was

  • Henry VII (king of Germany)

    Henry (VII), German king (from 1220), son of the Holy Roman emperor Frederick II. After apparently spending most of his youth in Germany, Henry was crowned king of Sicily in 1212 and made duke of Swabia in 1216. Pope Innocent III had favoured his coronation as king of Sicily in the hope that the

  • Henry VII (Holy Roman emperor)

    Henry VII, count of Luxembourg (as Henry IV), German king (from 1308), and Holy Roman emperor (from 1312) who strengthened the position of his family by obtaining the throne of Bohemia for his son. He failed, however, in his attempt to bind Italy firmly to the empire. Henry succeeded his father,

  • Henry VII (fictional character)

    Richard III: An army led by Henry Tudor, earl of Richmond, challenges Richard’s claim to the throne. On the night before the Battle of Bosworth Field, Richard is haunted by the ghosts of all whom he has murdered. After a desperate fight, Richard is killed, and Richmond becomes King Henry VII.

  • Henry VII’s Chapel (chapel, London, United Kingdom)

    Western architecture: Late Gothic: …prelude to the ornateness of Henry VII’s Chapel, Westminster Abbey. Some of the best late Gothic achievements are bell towers, such as the crossing tower of Canterbury Cathedral (c. 1500).

  • Henry VIII (king of England)

    Henry VIII, king of England (1509–47) who presided over the beginnings of the English Renaissance and the English Reformation. His six wives were, successively, Catherine of Aragon (the mother of the future queen Mary I), Anne Boleyn (the mother of the future queen Elizabeth I), Jane Seymour (the

  • Henry VIII (work by Shakespeare)

    Henry VIII, chronicle play in five acts by William Shakespeare, produced in 1613 and published in the First Folio of 1623 from a transcript of an authorial manuscript. The primary source of the play was Raphael Holinshed’s Chronicles. As the play opens, the duke of Buckingham, having denounced

  • Henry VIII (fictional character)

    Henry VIII: …Wolsey, lord chancellor to King Henry VIII, for corruption and treason, is himself arrested, along with his son-in-law, Lord Abergavenny. Despite the king’s reservations and Queen Katharine’s entreaties for justice and truth, Buckingham is convicted as a traitor on the basis of the false testimony of a dismissed servant. As…

  • Henry VIII (Holy Roman emperor)

    Henry IV, duke of Bavaria (as Henry VIII; 1055–61), German king (from 1054), and Holy Roman emperor (1084–1105/06), who engaged in a long struggle with Hildebrand (Pope Gregory VII) on the question of lay investiture (see Investiture Controversy), eventually drawing excommunication on himself and

  • Henry VIII and the English Monasteries (work by Gasquet)

    Francis Aidan Gasquet: …works on monastic history, including Henry VIII and the English Monasteries (1888–89), which has considerable value but is regarded by some as biased and occasionally inaccurate. Other works include A History of the Church in England, 2 vol. (1897), and Parish Life in Medieval England (1909).

  • Henry Wood Promenade Concerts, the (British music festival)

    BBC Proms, large-scale British music festival, sponsored by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). The festival focuses on Western classical tradition and is held over an eight-week period each summer. In 1894 Robert Newman, the manager of London’s newly constructed Queen’s Hall, conceived of

  • Henry X (duke of Bavaria)

    Henry X, margrave of Tuscany, duke of Saxony (as Henry II), and duke of Bavaria, a member of the Welf dynasty, whose policies helped to launch the feud between the Welf and the Hohenstaufen dynasties that was to influence German politics for more than a century. Upon his father’s death in 1126

  • Henry XII (duke of Bavaria and Saxony)

    Henry III, duke of Saxony (1142–80) and of Bavaria (as Henry XII, 1156–80), a strong supporter of the emperor Frederick I Barbarossa. Henry spent his early years recovering his ancestral lands of Saxony (1142) and Bavaria (1154–56), thereafter founding the city of Munich (1157), enhancing the

  • Henry’s law (chemistry)

    Henry’s law, statement that the weight of a gas dissolved by a liquid is proportional to the pressure of the gas upon the liquid. The law, which was first formulated in 1803 by the English physician and chemist William Henry, holds only for dilute solutions and low gas pressures. In a very dilute

  • Henry, Aaron E. (American activist)

    Aaron E. Henry, American civil rights leader who was head of the Mississippi branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People from 1960 to 1993; he persevered in the fight against racism through some 38 arrests, the firebombing of his home and business, and an unsuccessful

  • Henry, Alice (Australian journalist)

    Alice Henry, Australian journalist who promoted trade unionism, women’s suffrage, and social reform in Australia and the United States. In 1884 Henry began a 20-year career writing for the Melbourne Argus and the Australasian and also lectured throughout the country on labour problems, juvenile

  • Henry, Buck (American screenwriter)

    The Graduate: Buck Henry, who cowrote the screenplay, made a cameo appearance as a hotel clerk.

  • Henry, Cape (cape, Virginia, United States)

    Cape Henry, promontory at the southern entrance to Chesapeake Bay, on the Atlantic coast in the northeast corner of the city of Virginia Beach, southeastern Virginia, U.S. Cape Henry Memorial, a stone cross put up by the Daughters of the American Colonists in 1935, marks the site of the landing on

  • Henry, duc d’Anjou (king of France and Poland)

    Henry III, king of France from 1574, under whose reign the prolonged crisis of the Wars of Religion was made worse by dynastic rivalries arising because the male line of the Valois dynasty was going to die out with him. The third son of Henry II and Catherine de Médicis, Henry was at first e

  • Henry, duc d’Orléans (king of France)

    Henry II, king of France from 1547 to 1559, a competent administrator who was also a vigorous suppressor of Protestants within his kingdom. The second son of Francis I and Claude of France, Henry was sent with his brother Francis, the dauphin, as a hostage to Spain in 1526 and did not return to

  • Henry, Hubert Joseph (French military officer)

    Alfred Dreyfus: …spreading rumours, and of Major Hubert Joseph Henry, discoverer of the original letter attributed to Dreyfus, in forging new documents and suppressing others. When Esterhazy was brought before a court martial, he was acquitted, and Picquart was arrested. This precipitated an event that was to crystallize the whole movement for…

  • Henry, Jodie (Australian swimmer)

    Libby Trickett: …freestyle, previously eclipsed by teammate Jodie Henry, in 2006 with a time of 53.42 sec, only to lose it again seven months later to Germany’s Britta Steffen, who posted 53.30 sec at the 2006 European championships. Trickett improved upon her own record with a historic 52.99-sec swim at the 2007…

  • Henry, John (folk hero)

    John Henry, hero of a widely sung U.S. black folk ballad. It describes his contest with a steam drill, in which John Henry crushed more rock than did the machine but died “with his hammer in his hand.” Writers and artists see in John Henry a symbol of man’s foredoomed struggle against the machine

  • Henry, John W. (American businessman)

    The Boston Globe: …Times sold the paper to John W. Henry, a businessman from the Boston area; the $70 million deal also included several other properties.

  • Henry, Joseph (American physicist)

    Joseph Henry, one of the first great American scientists after Benjamin Franklin. He aided and discovered several important principles of electricity, including self-induction, a phenomenon of primary importance in electronic circuitry. While working with electromagnets at the Albany Academy (New

  • Henry, Lenny (British actor and comedian)

    Lenny Henry, British comedian, actor, and writer. As a teenager, Henry performed a comedy act in local nightclubs, which led to a successful appearance on the television talent program New Faces when he was 16 years old. The national exposure he gained from that show helped to secure him a role in

  • Henry, Lenworth George (British actor and comedian)

    Lenny Henry, British comedian, actor, and writer. As a teenager, Henry performed a comedy act in local nightclubs, which led to a successful appearance on the television talent program New Faces when he was 16 years old. The national exposure he gained from that show helped to secure him a role in

  • Henry, Lou (American first lady)

    Lou Hoover, American first lady (1929–33), the wife of Herbert Hoover, 31st president of the United States. A philanthropist who was active in wartime relief, she was also the first president’s wife to deliver a speech on radio. Daughter of Charles Henry, a banker, and Florence Weed Henry, Lou

  • Henry, Marguerite (American author)

    Marguerite Henry, American author of some 50 children’s books that featured tales about animals, notably the classic novel Misty of Chincoteague (1947), a story about a wild horse and one of the most popular children’s books of all time; Henry received numerous awards, including the Newbery Medal

  • Henry, O. (American author)

    O. Henry, American short-story writer whose tales romanticized the commonplace—in particular the life of ordinary people in New York City. His stories expressed the effect of coincidence on character through humour, grim or ironic, and often had surprise endings, a device that became identified

  • Henry, Patrick (American statesman)

    Patrick Henry, brilliant orator and a major figure of the American Revolution, perhaps best known for his words “Give me liberty or give me death!” which he delivered in 1775. He was independent Virginia’s first governor (serving 1776–79, 1784–86). Patrick Henry was the son of John Henry, a

  • Henry, Pierre (French composer)

    electronic music: Establishment of electronic studios: French composers, Pierre Schaeffer and Pierre Henry, and their associates at Radiodiffusion et Télévision Française in Paris began to produce tape collages (analogous to collages in the visual arts), which they called musique concrète. All the materials they processed on tape were recorded sounds—sound effects, musical fragments, vocalizings, and other…

  • Henry, prince de Béarn (king of France)

    Henry IV, king of Navarre (as Henry III, 1572–89) and first Bourbon king of France (1589–1610), who, at the end of the Wars of Religion, abjured Protestantism and converted to Roman Catholicism (1593) in order to win Paris and reunify France. With the aid of such ministers as the Duke de Sully, he

  • Henry, prince of Wales (fictional character)

    Prince Hal, fictional character, based on the English monarch, who first appears in William Shakespeare’s play Henry IV, Part 1, where he is portrayed as an irresponsible, fun-loving youth. In Shakespeare’s Henry V he proves to be a wise, capable, and responsible king and wins a great victory over

  • Henry, Saint (Holy Roman emperor)

    Henry II, ; canonized 1146; feast day July 13), duke of Bavaria (as Henry IV, 995–1005), German king (from 1002), and Holy Roman emperor (1014–24), last of the Saxon dynasty of emperors. He was canonized by Pope Eugenius III, more than 100 years after his death, in response to church-inspired

  • Henry, Saint (patron of Finland)

    Church of Finland: …and in the 12th century Henry, bishop of Uppsala (Sweden), began organizing the church there. He suffered a martyr’s death and eventually became Finland’s patron saint. Through the influence of Sweden (which ruled in Finland from the 13th century until 1809), Finland gradually accepted Christianity.

  • Henry, Thierry (French football player)

    Thierry Henry, French football (soccer) player and manager who scored more international goals than any other player in France’s history and who is considered one of the most prolific goal scorers of his time. Henry, of French West Indian ancestry, spent his childhood in low-income housing in Les

  • Henry, Thierry Daniel (French football player)

    Thierry Henry, French football (soccer) player and manager who scored more international goals than any other player in France’s history and who is considered one of the most prolific goal scorers of his time. Henry, of French West Indian ancestry, spent his childhood in low-income housing in Les

  • Henry, Thomas (British apothecary)

    soft drink: History of soft drinks: To Thomas Henry, an apothecary in Manchester, England, is attributed the first production of carbonated water, which he made in 12-gallon barrels using an apparatus based on Priestley’s design. Swiss jeweler Jacob Schweppe read the papers of Priestley and Lavoisier and determined to make a similar…

  • Henry, William (British chemist)

    William Henry, English physician and chemist who in 1803 proposed what is now called Henry’s law, which states that the amount of a gas absorbed by a liquid is in proportion to the pressure of the gas above the liquid, provided that no chemical action occurs. Henry took his doctor of medicine

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