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  • Heinrich der Stolze (duke of Bavaria)

    Henry X, margrave of Tuscany, duke of Saxony (as Henry II), and duke of Bavaria, a member of the Welf dynasty, whose policies helped to launch the feud between the Welf and the Hohenstaufen dynasties that was to influence German politics for more than a century. Upon his father’s death in 1126

  • Heinrich der Vogler (king of Germany)

    Henry I, German king and founder of the Saxon dynasty (918–1024) who strengthened the East Frankish, or German, army, encouraged the growth of towns, brought Lotharingia (Lorraine) back under German control (925), and secured German borders against pagan incursions. The son of Otto the Illustrious,

  • Heinrich event (climatology)

    Heinrich event, any of a series of at least six large discharges of icebergs that carried coarse-grained rocky debris, apparently from North American ice sheets, into the North Atlantic Ocean at latitudes between 40° and 55° N, where the debris was later deposited on the ocean floor as the icebergs

  • Heinrich Julius (duke of Brunswick)

    Heinrich Julius, duke of Brunswick, a representative of early Baroque culture who was important in the development of German drama. His work incorporated the theatrical effect of English Elizabethan drama and the English clown, or fool, into German theatre. A gifted scholar, theologian, and patron

  • Heinrich Karl, Baron von Haymerle (Austrian diplomat)

    Heinrich, baron von Haymerle, diplomat and foreign minister of the Habsburg Empire (1879–81) who secured a treaty with Serbia giving Austria-Hungary virtual control over Serbian foreign policy. Entering the imperial diplomatic service in 1850, Haymerle served in Turkey, Greece (1857), and, after

  • Heinrich Stillings Jugend (work by Jung-Stilling)

    Johann Heinrich Jung-Stilling: …(and best) two volumes of Heinrich Stillings Jugend (1777; “Heinrich Stilling’s Youth”). This work’s piety and simplicity was influential in the pietistic tide opposed to the rationalism of the Enlightenment. In 1772 Jung-Stilling settled as a physician at Elberfeld and made a name for himself with his successful operations for…

  • Heinrich Stillings Leben (work by Jung-Stilling)

    Johann Heinrich Jung-Stilling: …best known for his autobiography, Heinrich Stillings Leben, 5 vol. (1806), the first two volumes of which give a vividly realistic picture of village life in an 18th-century pietistic family.

  • Heinrich von Andernach (work by Unruh)

    Fritz von Unruh: …to such later works as Heinrich von Andernach (1925), a festival play and a great plea for love among men.

  • Heinrich von dem Türlin (German poet)

    German literature: Post-Classical Middle High German literature: …of this post-Classical era are Heinrich von dem Türlîn, who wrote an obscure and lengthy baroque romance of Sir Gawain called Die Krône (c. 1220–30; The Crown); Rudolf von Ems, who authored various longer epics and a chronicle of world history; and Konrad von Würzburg, a versatile stylist who continued…

  • Heinrich von Melk (German satirist)

    Heinrich Von Melk, early Middle High German poet, the first satirist in German literature. A Benedictine lay brother of the Austrian monastery of Melk, he composed a vivid poem Von des Tôdes gehügede (c. 1150–60; “Remembrance of Death” or “Memento Mori”). The monkish theme is traditional, but the

  • Heinrich von Morungen (German poet)

    Heinrich Von Morungen, German minnesinger, one of the few notable courtly poets from east-central Germany. A native of Thuringia, he spent much of his later life in the service of Duke Dietrich of Meissen. His poems, of which some 33 are to be found in the Heidelberg manuscript, are all devoted to

  • Heinrich von Ofterdingen (work by Novalis)

    Novalis: His mythical romance Heinrich von Ofterdingen (1802), set in an idealized vision of the European Middle Ages, describes the mystical and romantic searchings of a young poet. The central image of his visions, a blue flower, became a widely recognized symbol of Romantic longing among Novalis’s fellow Romantics.…

  • Heinrich von Veldeke (German-Dutch poet)

    Heinrich von Veldeke, Middle High German poet of noble birth whose Eneit, telling the story of Aeneas, was the first German court epic to attain an artistic mastery worthy of its elevated subject matter. While at the court of the landgrave Hermann of Thuringia, Heinrich completed the Eneit, modeled

  • Heinrich, Martin (United States senator)

    Martin Heinrich, American politician who was elected as a Democrat to the U.S. Senate in 2012 and began representing New Mexico in that body the following year. He previously served in the U.S. House of Representatives (2009–13). Though born in Nevada, Heinrich grew up in Cole Camp, Missouri, where

  • Heinrich, Martin Trevor (United States senator)

    Martin Heinrich, American politician who was elected as a Democrat to the U.S. Senate in 2012 and began representing New Mexico in that body the following year. He previously served in the U.S. House of Representatives (2009–13). Though born in Nevada, Heinrich grew up in Cole Camp, Missouri, where

  • Heinrich, Sankt (Holy Roman emperor)

    Henry II, ; canonized 1146; feast day July 13), duke of Bavaria (as Henry IV, 995–1005), German king (from 1002), and Holy Roman emperor (1014–24), last of the Saxon dynasty of emperors. He was canonized by Pope Eugenius III, more than 100 years after his death, in response to church-inspired

  • Heinrichs, Rick (American production designer and art director)
  • Heinrichs, Wolfhart (German scholar)

    Islamic arts: Early Islamic criticism: …studied by the German scholar Wolfhart Heinrichs in Arabische Dichtung und griechische Poetik (1969). This study analyzes al-Qarṭājannī’s theories in relation to Aristotle’s theories of poetics. (Heinrichs, who was at the time his study was published one of the few Islamic scholars specializing in the study of literary problems, showed…

  • Heins, Daniël (Dutch poet)

    Daniël Heinsius, Dutch poet, famous in his day as a classical scholar. At Leiden, Heinsius produced classical editions, verses, and orations from an early age. He annotated many Latin poets and Greek writers from Hesiod to Nonnus, and the popularity of his lectures dazzled his colleagues. By 1614

  • Heinse, Johann Jakob Wilhelm (German writer)

    Wilhelm Heinse, German novelist and art critic whose work combined grace with the stormy fervour that is characteristic of literature of the Sturm und Drang period and exerted a strong influence on the Romanticists. A law student at Erfurt, Heinse met the writer Christoph Martin Wieland and through

  • Heinse, Wilhelm (German writer)

    Wilhelm Heinse, German novelist and art critic whose work combined grace with the stormy fervour that is characteristic of literature of the Sturm und Drang period and exerted a strong influence on the Romanticists. A law student at Erfurt, Heinse met the writer Christoph Martin Wieland and through

  • Heinsius, Anthonie (Dutch statesman)

    Anthonie Heinsius, statesman who as councillor pensionary of Holland (1689–1720) and the leading Dutch adviser of William III, prince of Orange, guided the Dutch Republic’s campaigns against France in the War of the Grand Alliance (1687–97) and the War of the Spanish Succession (1701–14). A scion

  • Heinsius, Daniël (Dutch poet)

    Daniël Heinsius, Dutch poet, famous in his day as a classical scholar. At Leiden, Heinsius produced classical editions, verses, and orations from an early age. He annotated many Latin poets and Greek writers from Hesiod to Nonnus, and the popularity of his lectures dazzled his colleagues. By 1614

  • Heinsius, Nicolaus (Dutch scholar)

    textual criticism: From Politian to Cobet: Gronovius and N. Heinsius were informed by Bentleian principles. Under his influence there grew up what may be called an Anglo-Dutch school of criticism, the two most typical representatives of which were Richard Porson and C.G. Cobet. Its strength lay in sound judgment and good taste rooted…

  • Heinsohn, Tom (American basketball player)

    Boston Celtics: ball-handling wizard Bob Cousy, Tom Heinsohn, dominating centre Bill Russell (five times the league’s Most Valuable Player), and later Sam Jones, K.C. Jones, and John Havlicek, the “Celts” won eight consecutive NBA titles between 1958–59 and 1965–66—a record for the four major North American team sports—and triumphed again

  • Heintze, Johann Georg (German painter)

    pottery: Porcelain: … (cousin to the Obermaler) and J.G. Heintze. Perhaps the most important early wares are the chinoiseries, which appear in great variety. The first work of the kind, much of it painted by the Hausmaler Bartholomäus Seuter, is in gold silhouette followed by polychrome painting after designs by the Obermaler. The…

  • Heinu yutianlu (work by Lin Shu)

    huaju: …an adaptation of Lin Shu’s Heinu yutianlu (1901; “The Black Slave Cries Out to Heaven”), itself a version of Uncle Tom’s Cabin; it was produced by a group of Chinese students in Japan in 1907. At first the huaju plays consisted exclusively of translations or adaptations of Western works intended…

  • Heinz (American corporation)

    Heinz, division and brand of the Kraft Heinz Company, a major manufacturer of processed foods and beverages that was formed by the 2015 merger of H.J. Heinz Holding Corporation and Kraft Foods Group. Heinz is known for its “57 Varieties” slogan, which was devised in 1896, though it marketed more

  • Heinz Field (stadium, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States)

    Heinz: In 2015 Heinz’s holding company merged with Kraft Foods to form Kraft Heinz. Heinz subsequently became a division and brand within the newly formed conglomerate.

  • Heinz, H. J. (American manufacturer)

    Henry John Heinz, U.S. manufacturer whose highly successful prepared-foods company, H.J. Heinz Company, Inc., became famous for its slogan “57 Varieties.” Heinz became interested in selling foods when he was a child; by the age of 16, he had several employees working to cultivate the hotbeds he had

  • Heinz, Henry John (American manufacturer)

    Henry John Heinz, U.S. manufacturer whose highly successful prepared-foods company, H.J. Heinz Company, Inc., became famous for its slogan “57 Varieties.” Heinz became interested in selling foods when he was a child; by the age of 16, he had several employees working to cultivate the hotbeds he had

  • Heinz, Jerome Albert Link (American singer)

    Jerome Hines, (Jerome Albert Link Heinz), American opera singer (born Nov. 8, 1921, Hollywood, Calif.—died Feb. 4, 2003, New York, N.Y), was a respected bass who sang for 41 years at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City. He made his professional debut in the role of Monterone in Verdi’s R

  • Heinz, W. C. (American journalist and novelist)

    W.C. Heinz, American journalist and novelist (born Jan. 11, 1915, Mount Vernon, N.Y.—died Feb. 27, 2008, Bennington, Vt.), helped usher in New Journalism, which emerged in the 1970s and combined traditional reporting with fiction. Heinz developed an understated yet penetrating writing style that

  • heir (law)

    Heir, one who succeeds to the property of a person dying without a will or who is legally entitled to succeed by right of descent or relationship. In most jurisdictions, statutes of descent determine transfer of title to property if there is no will naming the legatee. In English common law,

  • heir apparent (law)

    heir: One may be either heir apparent or heir presumptive during the lifetime of the property holder. The heir apparent is one whose right to inherit is indefeasible as long as he or she outlives the property holder. The heir presumptive is one whose right may be defeated by the…

  • Heir at Law, The (work by Colman the Younger)

    George Colman, the Younger: Pangloss, the elderly pedant in The Heir at Law (first performed 1797), is his only outstanding comic creation. But the comic opera Two to One (1784), his first success; the quasi-operatic Inkle and Yarico (1787); the melodramas The Battle of Hexham (1789) and The Iron Chest (1796), the latter based…

  • heir presumptive (law)

    heir: …be either heir apparent or heir presumptive during the lifetime of the property holder. The heir apparent is one whose right to inherit is indefeasible as long as he or she outlives the property holder. The heir presumptive is one whose right may be defeated by the birth of a…

  • Heir to Genghis Khan, The (film by Pudovkin [1928])

    history of the motion picture: The Soviet Union: …Heir to Genghis Khan, or Storm over Asia, 1928), which is set in Central Asia during the Russian Civil War. Both mingle human drama with the epic and the symbolic as they tell a story of a politically naive person who is galvanized into action by tsarist tyranny. Although Pudovkin…

  • Heir to the Glimmering World (novel by Ozick)

    Cynthia Ozick: Heir to the Glimmering World (2004; also published as The Bear Boy) tells the story of a young woman hired as a nanny in the home of two Jewish-German academics exiled to New York City in the 1930s. Diction: A Quartet, a collection of four…

  • Heiress, The (film by Wyler [1949])

    The Heiress, American dramatic film, released in 1949, that was adapted from the play of the same name by Ruth Goetz and Augustus Goetz. Both the play and the film were based on the Henry James novel Washington Square (1881). Set in New York City before the Civil War, The Heiress features Olivia de

  • Heiress, The (play by Ruth and Augustus Goetz)

    Moisés Kaufman: …of Ruth and Augustus Goetz’s The Heiress, a play based on Henry James’s novel Washington Square; and a revival of Torch Song (2018–19), which was written by Harvey Fierstein. In 2016 Kaufman received the National Medal of Arts.

  • heirloom (law)

    Heirloom, an item of personal property that by immemorial usage is regarded as annexed by inheritance to a family estate. The owner of such an heirloom may dispose of it during his lifetime, but he cannot bequeath it by will away from the estate. If he dies intestate (without a will), the object

  • Heirs of All the Ages (ballet by Alexander)

    Dorothy Alexander: …1933, she wrote and staged Heirs of All the Ages, using 3,000 performers.

  • Heisei (emperor of Japan [born 1933])

    Akihito, emperor of Japan from 1989 to 2019. As scion of the oldest imperial family in the world, he was, according to tradition, the 125th direct descendant of Jimmu, Japan’s legendary first emperor. Akihito was the fifth child and eldest son of Emperor Hirohito and Empress Nagako. During his

  • Heisei period (Japanese history)

    Heisei period, in Japan, the period (1989–2019) corresponding to the reign of Akihito. It began when Akihito ascended the throne on the death of his father, Hirohito (the Shōwa emperor). The two Chinese characters (kanji) constituting the period’s name are translated, respectively, as “peace” and

  • Heisenberg (fictional character)

    Bryan Cranston: …his comedic turns to play Walter White. At the beginning of Breaking Bad, White is a nebbishy high-school chemistry teacher who, spurred by a cancer diagnosis, decides to produce methamphetamine to support his family. Cranston won raves for realistically portraying both the vulnerable White of the early episodes and the…

  • Heisenberg uncertainty principle (physics)

    Uncertainty principle, statement, articulated (1927) by the German physicist Werner Heisenberg, that the position and the velocity of an object cannot both be measured exactly, at the same time, even in theory. The very concepts of exact position and exact velocity together, in fact, have no

  • Heisenberg, Werner (German physicist and philosopher)

    Werner Heisenberg, German physicist and philosopher who discovered (1925) a way to formulate quantum mechanics in terms of matrices. For that discovery, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics for 1932. In 1927 he published his uncertainty principle, upon which he built his philosophy and for

  • Heisenberg, Werner Karl (German physicist and philosopher)

    Werner Heisenberg, German physicist and philosopher who discovered (1925) a way to formulate quantum mechanics in terms of matrices. For that discovery, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics for 1932. In 1927 he published his uncertainty principle, upon which he built his philosophy and for

  • Heising, Raymond A. (American physicist)

    modulation: Pulse-duration modulation.: …devised by the American physicist Raymond A. Heising in 1924. Besides its use in telegraphic communications by means of microwave radio relay systems, its chief application is telemetering.

  • Heiskanen hypothesis (geology)

    isostasy: The Heiskanen hypothesis, developed by Finnish geodesist Weikko Aleksanteri Heiskanen, is an intermediate, or compromise, hypothesis between Airy’s and Pratt’s. This hypothesis says that approximately two-thirds of the topography is compensated by the root formation (the Airy model) and one-third by Earth’s crust above the boundary…

  • Heiskanen model (geology)

    isostasy: The Heiskanen hypothesis, developed by Finnish geodesist Weikko Aleksanteri Heiskanen, is an intermediate, or compromise, hypothesis between Airy’s and Pratt’s. This hypothesis says that approximately two-thirds of the topography is compensated by the root formation (the Airy model) and one-third by Earth’s crust above the boundary…

  • Heiskell, Andrew (American publisher)

    Andrew Heiskell, American publishing executive and philanthropist (born Sept. 13, 1915, Naples, Italy—died July 6, 2003, Darien, Conn.), had a 43-year career at Time Inc., joining the editorial department of Life magazine in 1937, becoming its publisher in 1946, and being named chairman of the e

  • Heisler, Stuart (American director and editor)

    Stuart Heisler, American director and editor whose career spanned the silent and sound eras. Heisler first worked in Hollywood as a prop man at Famous Players. By the early 1920s he was a film editor, working for various studios. Among his credits were Condemned (1929), The Kid from Spain (1932),

  • Heisman Trophy (college football award)

    Heisman Trophy, award given annually to the outstanding college gridiron football player in the United States as determined by a poll of sportswriters. The trophy was instituted in 1935 by the Downtown Athletic Club of New York City and the next year was named in honour of its first athletic

  • Heisman, John (American coach)

    John Heisman, U.S. collegiate gridiron football coach for 36 years and one of the greatest innovators of the game. He was responsible for legalizing the forward pass in 1906, and he originated the centre snap and the “hike,” or “hep,” count signals shouted by the quarterback in starting play. He

  • Heisman, John William (American coach)

    John Heisman, U.S. collegiate gridiron football coach for 36 years and one of the greatest innovators of the game. He was responsible for legalizing the forward pass in 1906, and he originated the centre snap and the “hike,” or “hep,” count signals shouted by the quarterback in starting play. He

  • Heiss, Carol (American figure skater)

    Carol Heiss, American figure skater who from 1956 through 1960 dominated women’s competition. Heiss began to skate at age six, and she won the world championships in 1956, a title she held for four more years. She also captured the North American championship in 1957 and 1959 and the U.S. national

  • Heiss, Carol Elizabeth (American figure skater)

    Carol Heiss, American figure skater who from 1956 through 1960 dominated women’s competition. Heiss began to skate at age six, and she won the world championships in 1956, a title she held for four more years. She also captured the North American championship in 1957 and 1959 and the U.S. national

  • Heissenbüttel, Helmut (German author)

    Helmut Heissenbüttel, German avant-garde novelist and poet whose works, notably D’Alemberts Ende, reflected his belief that the only real subject of literature was language itself (b. June 21, 1921--d. Sept. 19,

  • Heiteretei und ihr Widerspiel, Die (work by Ludwig)

    Otto Ludwig: …Heiteretei und ihr Widerspiel (1851; The Cheerful Ones and Their Opposites) and Zwischen Himmel und Erde (1855; Between Heaven and Earth). His Shakespeare-Studien (1891) showed him to be a discriminating critic, but his preoccupation with literary theory proved something of a hindrance to his success as a creative writer.

  • heiti (poetic device)

    skaldic poetry: …their language was ornamented with heiti and kennings. Heiti (“names”) are uncompounded poetic nouns, fanciful art words rather than everyday terms; e.g., “brand” for “sword,” or “steed” for “horse.” Kennings are metaphorical circumlocutions such as “sword liquid” for “blood” or “wave-horse” for “ship.” Sometimes kennings are extremely indirect; for example,…

  • Heitkamp, Heidi (United States senator)

    Heidi Heitkamp, American Democratic politician who represented North Dakota in the U.S. Senate from 2013 to 2019. She was the first woman elected senator from the state. Heitkamp, who was one of seven siblings, grew up in the small town of Mantador, North Dakota. Her mother was a school custodian

  • Heitkamp, Mary Kathryn (United States senator)

    Heidi Heitkamp, American Democratic politician who represented North Dakota in the U.S. Senate from 2013 to 2019. She was the first woman elected senator from the state. Heitkamp, who was one of seven siblings, grew up in the small town of Mantador, North Dakota. Her mother was a school custodian

  • Heizer, Michael (artist)

    Western painting: Land art: Michael Heizer’s Double Negative (1969–70) involved the removal of thousands of tons of earth in order to produce two “cuts” that faced each other across the chasm of the Mormon Mesa in Nevada. Bulgarian-born artist Christo and Jeanne-Claude, his Moroccan-born wife, specialized throughout the 1960s…

  • Hejaz (region, Saudi Arabia)

    Hejaz, region of western Saudi Arabia, along the mountainous Red Sea coast of the Arabian Peninsula from Jordan on the north to Asir region on the south. The northern part of the province was occupied as early as the 6th century bce, when the Chaldean kings of Babylon maintained Taymāʾ as a summer

  • Hejaz Railway (railway, Middle East)

    Hejaz Railway, railroad between Damascus, Syria, and Medina (now in Saudi Arabia), one of the principal railroads of the Ottoman Turkish Empire. Its main line was constructed in 1900–08, ostensibly to facilitate pilgrimages to the Muslims’ holy places in Arabia but in fact also to strengthen

  • Hejaz-Jordan Railway (railway, Middle East)

    Hejaz Railway, railroad between Damascus, Syria, and Medina (now in Saudi Arabia), one of the principal railroads of the Ottoman Turkish Empire. Its main line was constructed in 1900–08, ostensibly to facilitate pilgrimages to the Muslims’ holy places in Arabia but in fact also to strengthen

  • Hejduk, John Quentin (American architect)

    John Quentin Hejduk, American architect and educator (born July 19, 1929, New York, N.Y.—died July 3, 2000, New York), attracted attention with austere designs that were often intended to evoke dark psychological states or to explore the relationship between public and private space. After s

  • Hejira (Islam)

    Hijrah, (Arabic: “Migration” or “Emigration”) the Prophet Muhammad’s migration (622 ce) from Mecca to Yathrib (Medina) upon invitation in order to escape persecution. After arriving, Muhammad negotiated the Constitution of Medina with the local clans, thereby establishing the Muslim community as a

  • heka (Egyptian religion)

    Heka, in ancient Egyptian religion, the personification of one of the attributes of the creator god Re-Atum; the term is usually translated as “magic,” or “magical power,” though its exact meaning pertains to cult practice as well. Heka was believed to accompany Re in his solar boat on its daily

  • Hekabe (Greek legendary figure)

    Hecuba, in Greek legend, the principal wife of the Trojan king Priam, mother of Hector, and daughter, according to some accounts, of the Phrygian king Dymas. When Troy was captured by the Greeks, Hecuba was taken prisoner. Her fate was told in various ways, most of which connected her with the p

  • Hekaton Kephalaia Gnōstika (work by Diadochus)

    Diadochus Of Photice: …asceticism in his principal work, Hekaton Kephalaia Gnōstika (“The Hundred Chapters, or Maxims, of Knowledge”). Major themes in the work include man’s creation in the image of God, the restoration of fallen man by grace, free will, mastery of human passions, and mystical contemplation through love. “The Hundred Chapters” also…

  • hekhalot (Judaism)

    Judaism: Early stages to the 6th century ce: …descriptions of the “dwellings” (hekhalot) located between the visible world and the ever-inaccessible Divinity, whose transcendence is paradoxically expressed by anthropomorphic descriptions consisting of inordinate hyperboles (Shiʿur qoma, “Divine Dimensions”). A few documents have been preserved that attest to the initiation of carefully chosen persons who were made to…

  • Hekigan-roku (Buddhist work)

    koan: …two major collections are the Pi-yen lu (Chinese: “Blue Cliff Records”; Japanese: Hekigan-roku), consisting of 100 koans selected and commented on by a Chinese priest, Yüan-wu, in 1125 on the basis of an earlier compilation; and the Wu-men kuan (Japanese: Mumon-kan), a collection of 48 koans compiled in 1228 by…

  • Hekinan (Japan)

    Hekinan, city, southwestern Aichi ken (prefecture), central Honshu, Japan. It is located at the mouth of the Yahagi River, facing the eastern side of Chita Bay on the Pacific Ocean. The city was formed in 1948 by the merger of the towns of Ohama, Shinkawa, and Tarao. During the Edo (Tokugawa)

  • Hekla (volcano, Iceland)

    Hekla, active volcano, southern Iceland, lying within the country’s East Volcanic Zone. It is Iceland’s most active and best-known volcano. The volcano is characterized by a 3.4-mile- (5.5-km-) long fissure called Heklugjá, which is active along its entire length during major eruptions. Lava flows

  • hektēmor (Athenian tenant-farmer)

    ancient Greek civilization: Solon: …horoi were called “sixth-parters” (hektēmoroi) because they had to hand over one-sixth of their produce to the “few” or “the rich” to whom they were in some sense indebted. Solon’s change was retrospective as well as prospective: he brought back people from overseas slavery who no longer spoke the…

  • hektēmoroi (Athenian tenant-farmer)

    ancient Greek civilization: Solon: …horoi were called “sixth-parters” (hektēmoroi) because they had to hand over one-sixth of their produce to the “few” or “the rich” to whom they were in some sense indebted. Solon’s change was retrospective as well as prospective: he brought back people from overseas slavery who no longer spoke the…

  • Hektorović, Petar (Dalmatian poet)

    Petar Hektorović, poet and collector of Dalmatian songs, an important figure in the Ragusan (Dubrovnik) Renaissance in South Slavic literature. An aristocratic landowner, Hektorović was impressed by the Italian humanist adaptation of classical forms for vernacular literature. Although he wrote

  • Hel (Norse deity)

    Hel, in Norse mythology, originally the name of the world of the dead; it later came to mean the goddess of death. Hel was one of the children of the trickster god Loki, and her kingdom was said to lie downward and northward. It was called Niflheim, or the World of Darkness, and appears to have

  • HeLa cell (biology)

    HeLa cell, a cancerous cell belonging to a strain continuously cultured since its isolation in 1951 from a patient suffering from cervical carcinoma. The designation HeLa is derived from the name of the patient, Henrietta Lacks. HeLa cells were the first human cell line to be established and have

  • Helaeomyia petrolei (insect)

    shore fly: …interesting species is the carnivorous petroleum fly (Helaeomyia petrolei), which lives and breeds in pools of crude petroleum and feeds on trapped insects. At one time, Indians in the western United States gathered the aquatic larvae of shore flies for food.

  • Helags Mountain (mountain, Sweden)

    Sweden: Relief: …southernmost of which is on Helags Mountain (Helagsfjället), near the Norwegian border. At the region’s far northern edge, north of the Arctic Circle, are Sweden’s highest peaks: Mount Kebne (Kebnekaise), which is 6,926 feet (2,111 metres) in elevation, and Mount Sarek (Sarektjåkkå), which rises 6,854 feet (2,089 metres), in the…

  • Helagsfjället (mountain, Sweden)

    Sweden: Relief: …southernmost of which is on Helags Mountain (Helagsfjället), near the Norwegian border. At the region’s far northern edge, north of the Arctic Circle, are Sweden’s highest peaks: Mount Kebne (Kebnekaise), which is 6,926 feet (2,111 metres) in elevation, and Mount Sarek (Sarektjåkkå), which rises 6,854 feet (2,089 metres), in the…

  • Helan Mountains (mountains, China)

    Ningxia: Land: …of the plain are the Helan Mountains. These mountains serve as a shelter against the sandstorms from the Tengger (Tengri) Desert, which lies to the west of the mountains.

  • Helarctos (genus of mammals)

    bear: Evolution and classification: Genus Helarctos (sun bear) 1 species of Southeast Asia. Genus Melursus (sloth bear) 1 species of the Indian subcontinent. Genus

  • Helarctos malayanus (mammal)

    Sun bear, smallest member of the family Ursidae, found in Southeast Asian forests. The bear (Helarctos, or Ursus, malayanus) is often tamed as a pet when young but becomes bad-tempered and dangerous as an adult. It weighs only 27–65 kg (59–143 pounds) and grows 1–1.2 m (3.3–4 feet) long with a

  • Helchis, Jakobus (painter)

    Vienna porcelain: …many artists employed at Vienna, Jakobus Helchis (fl. 1740) was distinguished for cupids drawn delicately but strongly in a range of pink, mauve, and orange. The State period, until 1784, had Johann Josef Niedermayer, who produced porcelain figures of distinction from 1747 to 1784 as Modellmeister. In the period from…

  • held ball (sports)

    basketball: Held ball: Called when two opponents have one or two hands so firmly upon the ball that neither can gain possession without undue roughness. It also is called when a player in the frontcourt is so closely guarded that he cannot pass or try for a…

  • Held des Nordens, Der (work by Fouqué)

    Friedrich Heinrich Karl de la Motte, Baron Fouqué: His dramatic trilogy, Der Held des Nordens (1808–10; “Hero of the North”), is the first modern dramatic treatment of the Nibelung story and a precedent for the later dramas of Friedrich Hebbel and the operas of Richard Wagner. His most lasting success, however, has been the story of…

  • Held in Bondage (novel by Ouida)

    Ouida: …novel, Granville de Vigne (renamed Held in Bondage, 1863), was first published serially in 1861–63. Her stirring narrative style and a refreshing lack of sermonizing caught the public’s fancy and made her books extraordinarily popular. Strathmore (1865) and Chandos (1866) were followed by Under Two Flags (1867). After traveling in…

  • Held, Al (American artist)

    Al Held, (Alvin Jacob Held), American artist (born Oct. 12, 1928, Brooklyn, N.Y.—died July 26, 2005, Todi, Italy), painted black-and-white canvases that featured cubes, pyramids, and circles that seemingly floated in space; in later years his works were infused with vibrant colour. Held became i

  • Held, Anna (French actress)

    Florenz Ziegfeld, Jr.: …promotion of a French beauty, Anna Held, with press releases about her milk baths brought her fame and set a pattern of star making through publicity. In 1907 he produced in New York City his first revue, The Follies of 1907, modeled on the Folies-Bergère of Paris but less risqué.…

  • Held, David (British political theorist)

    antiglobalization: Definitions of globalization: scientists such as Anthony Giddens, David Held and colleagues, and Roland Robertson shows that they concentrate on quite similar aspects. Giddens portrayed globalization in 1990 as intensified worldwide social relations where local events are shaped by distant occurrences. Held and colleagues wrote in 1999 that globalization exemplifies interconnectedness of regions…

  • Held, John, Jr. (American cartoonist)

    John Held, Jr., cartoonist whose work epitomized the “jazz age” of the 1920s in the United States. At the age of 16 he was drawing sports and political cartoons for the Salt Lake Tribune, and at 19 he sold his first cartoon to a national magazine. Shortly afterward he went to New York City, where

  • Held, Richard (American psychologist)

    perception: Information discrepancy: In work reported by Richard Held (Scientific American, November 1965), actively moving kittens developed visually guided movements normally. When each of these was yoked to a littermate that was pulled passively over the same path, the passive partner failed to develop normal perceptual function. Yet both kittens apparently received…

  • Helden des Alltags (work by Zahn)

    Ernst Zahn: …Bergvolk (1896; “Mountain Folk”) and Helden des Alltags (1906; “Weekday Heroes”), and the novels Albin Indergand (1901), Herrgottsfäden (1901; Golden Threads), Frau Sixta (1926), and Die grosse Lehre (1943; “The Large Lesson”). Zahn’s Was das Leben zerbricht (1912; “What Life Breaks”) is about the middle-class society of Zürich.

  • Heldenbriefe (work by Hofmannswaldau)

    Christian Hofmann von Hofmannswaldau: His most characteristic work is Heldenbriefe (1663; “Heroes’ Letters”), a collection of prose and verse love letters giving full rein to his lascivious, extravagant style. He also published another collection of verse, Grabschriften (1643; “Epitaphs”), and Deutsche Übersetzungen und Gedichte (1673; “German Translations and Poetry”); his translations include Guarini’s famous…

  • Heldenbuch, Das (German literature)

    Das Heldenbuch, collection of German metrical romances of the 13th century. The individual poems deal with heroic themes of the struggles and conquests of the Germanic tribes during the great migrations. The poems of the Heldenbuch belong to two cycles. One group deals with the Ostrogothic sagas of

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