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  • Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (novel by Rowling)

    Harry Potter: Series summary: In the fourth volume, Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (2000), Voldemort regains his body and former strength through a magic ritual, and thereafter his army greatly increases in number. Harry and those who side with him—including some of his teachers, several classmates, and other members of the…

  • Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (work by Rowling)

    J.K. Rowling: …of the Phoenix (2003), and Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (2005)—also were best sellers, available in more than 200 countries and some 60 languages. The seventh and final novel in the series, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, was released in 2007.

  • Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film by Yates [2007])

    science fiction: SF cinema and TV: Rowling’s Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone (1997; U.S. title Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone) and succeeding volumes brought wildly successful film adaptations of the Harry Potter books (2001–11) as well as of J.R.R. Tolkien’s Lord of the Rings (2001–03).

  • Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (work by Rowling)

    J.K. Rowling: …the Goblet of Fire (2000), Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (2003), and Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (2005)—also were best sellers, available in more than 200 countries and some 60 languages. The seventh and final novel in the series, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, was…

  • Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone (work by Rowling)

    Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone, the first novel in the immensely popular Harry Potter series by British writer J.K. Rowling. It was first published in Britain in 1997 and appeared in the United States the following year under the title Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone. The book’s

  • Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone (film by Columbus [2001])

    Richard Harris: … (2000) and Albus Dumbledore in Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone (2001; also released as Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone) and Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (2002).

  • Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (film by Cuarón [2004])

    Alfonso Cuarón: …of another beloved children’s book, Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, the third installment in J.K. Rowling’s Harry Potter series. Not only did the 2004 film nearly match the enormous profits of its predecessors—both of which had been overseen by American director Chris Columbus—but many critics found it more…

  • Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (work by Rowling)

    J.K. Rowling: …the Chamber of Secrets (1998), Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (1999), Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (2000), Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (2003), and Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (2005)—also were best sellers, available in more than 200 countries and some 60…

  • Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone (film by Columbus [2001])

    Richard Harris: … (2000) and Albus Dumbledore in Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone (2001; also released as Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone) and Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (2002).

  • Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone (work by Rowling)

    Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone, the first novel in the immensely popular Harry Potter series by British writer J.K. Rowling. It was first published in Britain in 1997 and appeared in the United States the following year under the title Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone. The book’s

  • Harry S. Truman Dam and Reservoir (dam, Missouri, United States)

    Lake of the Ozarks: The Harry S. Truman Dam and Reservoir began operation in 1979 and impounds the Osage and Grand rivers to extend facilities at the lake’s western end.

  • Harry S. Truman Library and Museum (presidential library, Independence, Missouri, United States)

    Independence: The Harry S. Truman Library and Museum (1957), housing the former president’s private papers and mementos, has a Thomas Hart Benton mural, Independence and the Opening of the West; Truman’s grave is in the courtyard. His mid-19th-century Victorian home and his courtroom and office are preserved.…

  • Harry the Minstrel (Scottish writer)

    Harry The Minstrel, author of the Scottish historical romance The Acts and Deeds of the Illustrious and Valiant Champion Sir William Wallace, Knight of Elderslie, which is preserved in a manuscript dated 1488. He has been traditionally identified with the Blind Harry named among others in William

  • Harry, Debbie (American singer)

    Blondie: …formed in 1974 by vocalist Debbie Harry (b. July 1, 1945, Miami, Florida, U.S.) and guitarist Chris Stein (b. January 5, 1950, Brooklyn, New York). The pair—also longtime romantic partners—recruited drummer Clem Burke (byname of Clement Bozewski; b. November 24, 1955, Bayonne, New Jersey), bassist Gary Valentine (byname of Gary…

  • Harry, Deborah (American singer)

    Blondie: …formed in 1974 by vocalist Debbie Harry (b. July 1, 1945, Miami, Florida, U.S.) and guitarist Chris Stein (b. January 5, 1950, Brooklyn, New York). The pair—also longtime romantic partners—recruited drummer Clem Burke (byname of Clement Bozewski; b. November 24, 1955, Bayonne, New Jersey), bassist Gary Valentine (byname of Gary…

  • Harry, Prince, Duke of Sussex (British prince)

    Prince Harry, duke of Sussex, younger son of Charles, prince of Wales, and Diana, princess of Wales. Because of Princess Diana’s desire that Harry and his elder brother, Prince William, experience the world beyond royal privilege, she took them as boys on public transportation and to fast food

  • Harryhausen, Ray (American filmmaker)

    Ray Harryhausen, American filmmaker best known for his pioneering use of stop-motion animation effects. Harryhausen grew up in Los Angeles, acquiring a love of dinosaurs and fantasy at a young age. His parents encouraged his interests in films and in models, and he was inspired by the cinematic

  • Harryhausen, Raymond Frederick (American filmmaker)

    Ray Harryhausen, American filmmaker best known for his pioneering use of stop-motion animation effects. Harryhausen grew up in Los Angeles, acquiring a love of dinosaurs and fantasy at a young age. His parents encouraged his interests in films and in models, and he was inspired by the cinematic

  • Harṣa (Indian emperor)

    Harsha, ruler of a large empire in northern India from 606 to 647 ce. He was a Buddhist convert in a Hindu era. His reign seemed to mark a transition from the ancient to the medieval period, when decentralized regional empires continually struggled for hegemony. The second son of

  • Harṣa Dynasty (Indian history)

    chronology: Reckonings dated from a historical event: … 395), founded by Aṃśuvarman; the Harṣa era (ad 606), founded by Harṣa (Harṣavardhana), long preserved also in Nepal; the western Cālukya era (ad 1075), founded by Vikramāditya VI and fallen into disuse after 1162; the Lakṣmaṇa era (ad 1119), wrongly said to have been founded by the king Lakṣmaṇasena of…

  • Harsanyi, John C. (American economist)

    John C. Harsanyi, Hungarian-American economist who shared the 1994 Nobel Prize for Economics with John F. Nash and Reinhard Selten for helping to develop game theory, a branch of mathematics that attempts to analyze situations involving conflicting interests and to formulate appropriate choices and

  • Harsanyi, John Charles (American economist)

    John C. Harsanyi, Hungarian-American economist who shared the 1994 Nobel Prize for Economics with John F. Nash and Reinhard Selten for helping to develop game theory, a branch of mathematics that attempts to analyze situations involving conflicting interests and to formulate appropriate choices and

  • Harsch, Joseph Close (American journalist)

    Joseph Close Harsch, American newspaper and broadcast journalist who, during his 60-year career with The Christian Science Monitor, was noted for his presence at many of the period’s most historic events and for his vivid reporting of those events; Great Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II made him an

  • Harsdörfer, Georg Philipp (German poet)

    Georg Philipp Harsdörfer, German poet and theorist of the Baroque movement who wrote more than 47 volumes of poetry and prose and, with Johann Klaj (Clajus), founded the most famous of the numerous Baroque literary societies, the Pegnesischer Blumenorden (“Pegnitz Order of Flowers”). Of patrician

  • Harsdorff, Caspar Frederik (Danish architect)

    Western architecture: Scandinavia and Finland: In Denmark, Jardin’s pupil Caspar Frederik Harsdorff built the austere royal mortuary chapel of Frederick V in Roskilde Cathedral (1774–79), while in Sweden Desprez was responsible for the Botanical Institute in Uppsala (1791–1807), with a Greek Doric portico. The Danish architect Christian Frederik Hansen, a pupil of Harsdorff, turned…

  • Harsdörffer, Georg Philipp (German poet)

    Georg Philipp Harsdörfer, German poet and theorist of the Baroque movement who wrote more than 47 volumes of poetry and prose and, with Johann Klaj (Clajus), founded the most famous of the numerous Baroque literary societies, the Pegnesischer Blumenorden (“Pegnitz Order of Flowers”). Of patrician

  • Harsha (Indian emperor)

    Harsha, ruler of a large empire in northern India from 606 to 647 ce. He was a Buddhist convert in a Hindu era. His reign seemed to mark a transition from the ancient to the medieval period, when decentralized regional empires continually struggled for hegemony. The second son of

  • Harshacharita (work by Bana)

    Harsha: …the works of Bana, whose Harṣacarita (“Deeds of Harsha”) describes Harsha’s early career, and of the Chinese pilgrim Xuanzang, who became a personal friend of the king, though his opinions are questionable because of his strong Buddhist ties with Harsha. Xuanzang depicts the emperor as a convinced Mahayana Buddhist, though…

  • Harshat Mātā (temple, India)

    South Asian arts: Medieval temple architecture: North Indian style of Rājasthān: The ruined Harshat Mātā temple at Ābānerī, of a slightly later date (c. 800), was erected on three stepped terraces of great size and is remarkable for the exquisite quality of the carving. Some of the finest temples of the style date from the 10th century, the…

  • Harshavardhana (Indian emperor)

    Harsha, ruler of a large empire in northern India from 606 to 647 ce. He was a Buddhist convert in a Hindu era. His reign seemed to mark a transition from the ancient to the medieval period, when decentralized regional empires continually struggled for hegemony. The second son of

  • Harshaw, Margaret (American singer)

    Margaret Harshaw, American opera singer celebrated especially for her Wagnerian performances at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City for 22 seasons beginning in November 1942; singing both soprano and mezzo-soprano roles, she performed in more Wagner operas than any other singer in the history

  • Harsusi (language)

    South Arabian languages: Ḥarsūsī, and Baṭḥarī on the Arabian shore of the Indian Ocean and Soqoṭrī on Socotra. Ḥarsūsī has been influenced by Arabic, a northern Arabian language, to a greater extent than have the other dialects. These languages lack a tradition of writing, and thus almost nothing…

  • Hart (district, England, United Kingdom)

    Hart, district, administrative and historic county of Hampshire, southern England. It occupies an area in the northeastern part of the county and lies south of the unitary authority of Reading. Fleet, in the eastern part of the district, is the administrative centre. The district is drained by the

  • Hart brothers (German critics and writers)

    Hart brothers, brothers who, as critics and writers, were key figures of the Berlin group that introduced Naturalism into German literature. In Berlin, Heinrich Hart (b. Dec. 30, 1855, Wesel, Westphalia [Germany]—d. June 11, 1906, Tecklenburg, Ger.) and Julius Hart (b. April 9, 1859, Münster,

  • Hart Memorial Trophy (sports award)

    Jean Béliveau: … as leading scorer (1956), the Hart Trophy as most valuable player (1956, 1964), and the Conn Smythe Trophy as most valuable player in the play-offs (1965). He also participated in 13 All-Star Games and was named the league’s All-Star centre six times.

  • Hart Trophy (sports award)

    Jean Béliveau: … as leading scorer (1956), the Hart Trophy as most valuable player (1956, 1964), and the Conn Smythe Trophy as most valuable player in the play-offs (1965). He also participated in 13 All-Star Games and was named the league’s All-Star centre six times.

  • Hart, Almira (American educator)

    Almira Hart Lincoln Phelps, 19th-century American educator and writer who strove to raise the academic standards of education for girls. Almira Hart was a younger sister of Emma Hart Willard. She was educated at home, in district schools, for a time by Emma, and in 1812 at an academy in Pittsfield,

  • Hart, Charles (British actor)

    Charles Hart, English actor, probably the son of the actor William Hart, nephew of William Shakespeare. Hart is first heard of as playing women’s parts at Blackfriars Theatre, London, as an apprentice. During the Commonwealth he played surreptitiously at the Cockpit, Holland House, and other

  • Hart, Charley (American outlaw)

    William C. Quantrill, captain of a guerrilla band irregularly attached to the Confederate Army during the American Civil War, notorious for the sacking of the free-state stronghold of Lawrence, Kan. (Aug. 21, 1863), in which at least 150 people were burned or shot to death. Growing up in Ohio,

  • Hart, Doris (American tennis player)

    Doris Jane Hart, American tennis champion (born June 20, 1925, St. Louis, Mo.—died May 29, 2015, Coral Gables, Fla.), used finesse and superb racquet control to collect 35 Grand Slam titles—29 doubles (15 of them in mixed doubles) and 6 singles—between 1947 and 1955. She was one of three women (the

  • Hart, Doris Jane (American tennis player)

    Doris Jane Hart, American tennis champion (born June 20, 1925, St. Louis, Mo.—died May 29, 2015, Coral Gables, Fla.), used finesse and superb racquet control to collect 35 Grand Slam titles—29 doubles (15 of them in mixed doubles) and 6 singles—between 1947 and 1955. She was one of three women (the

  • Hart, Emily (British mistress)

    Emma, Lady Hamilton, mistress of the British naval hero Admiral Horatio (afterward Viscount) Nelson. The daughter of a blacksmith, she was calling herself Emily Hart when, in 1781, she began to live with Charles Francis Greville, nephew of her future husband, Sir William Hamilton, British envoy to

  • Hart, Emma (American educator)

    Emma Willard, American educator whose work in women’s education, particularly as founder of the Troy Female Seminary, spurred the establishment of high schools for girls and of women’s colleges and coeducational universities. Emma Hart was the next-to-last of 17 children; her younger sister was

  • Hart, Gary (United States senator)

    Gary Hart, American politician who served as a U.S. senator from Colorado (1975–87). He ran for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1984 and again in 1988; he suspended the latter campaign soon after the Miami Herald newspaper reported that he was having an extramarital affair. Hart earned

  • Hart, Grant (American musician)

    Hüsker Dü: …1959, Rock Island, Illinois), and Grant Hart (in full Grantzberg Vernon Hart; b. March 18, 1961, St. Paul, Minnesota—d. September 13/14, 2017).

  • Hart, Grantzberg Vernon (American musician)

    Hüsker Dü: …1959, Rock Island, Illinois), and Grant Hart (in full Grantzberg Vernon Hart; b. March 18, 1961, St. Paul, Minnesota—d. September 13/14, 2017).

  • Hart, H. L. A. (English philosopher, teacher, and author)

    H.L.A. Hart, English philosopher, teacher, and author who was the foremost legal philosopher and one of the leading political philosophers of the 20th century. Hart pursued his undergraduate education at the University of Oxford, and, after graduating in 1929, he went on to qualify as a barrister.

  • Hart, Heinrich (German critic and writer)
  • Hart, Herbert Lionel Adolphus (English philosopher, teacher, and author)

    H.L.A. Hart, English philosopher, teacher, and author who was the foremost legal philosopher and one of the leading political philosophers of the 20th century. Hart pursued his undergraduate education at the University of Oxford, and, after graduating in 1929, he went on to qualify as a barrister.

  • Hart, John (British lexicographer)

    dictionary: From Classical times to 1604: In 1569 one such reformer, John Hart, lamented the greatness of the “disorders and confusions” of spelling. But a few years later the phonetician William Bullokar promised to produce such a work and stated, “A dictionary and grammar may stay our speech in a perfect use for ever.”

  • Hart, Johnny (American cartoonist)

    Johnny Hart, (John Lewis Hart), American cartoonist (born Feb. 18, 1931 , Endicott, N.Y.—died April 7, 2007, Nineveh, N.Y.), created a formidable following of more than 100 million readers as the creator in 1958 of the comic strip B.C., which focused on prehistoric cave dwellers and anthropomorphic

  • Hart, Julia Catherine Beckwith (Canadian author)

    Canadian literature: From settlement to 1900: …France provided the setting for Julia Catherine Beckwith Hart’s melodramatic St. Ursula’s Convent; or, The Nun of Canada (1824) and William Kirby’s gothic tale The Golden Dog (1877), while Rosanna Leprohon’s romance Antoinette de Mirecourt; or, Secret Marrying and Secret Sorrowing (1864) depicted life in Quebec after the English conquest…

  • Hart, Julius (German critic and writer)
  • Hart, Kevin (American actor and comedian)

    Will Ferrell: …to a black employee (Kevin Hart) for assistance on learning how to survive in prison. He played a hapless stepfather whose relationship with his stepchildren is challenged by the arrival of their father (Mark Wahlberg) in Daddy’s Home (2015). In 2017 he reprised the role in Daddy’s Home 2…

  • Hart, Kevin Darnell (American actor and comedian)

    Will Ferrell: …to a black employee (Kevin Hart) for assistance on learning how to survive in prison. He played a hapless stepfather whose relationship with his stepchildren is challenged by the arrival of their father (Mark Wahlberg) in Daddy’s Home (2015). In 2017 he reprised the role in Daddy’s Home 2…

  • Hart, Leon (American football player)

    Leon Hart, American football player (born Nov. 2, 1928, Turtle Creek, Pa.—died Sept. 24, 2002, South Bend, Ind.), in 1949 became the second of the only two linemen to have won the Heisman Trophy, the highest honour in college football. In his four seasons (1946-49) on the University of Notre Dame t

  • Hart, Lorenz (American lyricist and librettist)

    Lorenz Hart, U.S. song lyricist whose commercial popular songs incorporated the careful techniques and verbal refinements of serious poetry. His 25-year collaboration with the composer Richard Rodgers resulted in about 1,000 songs that range from the simple exuberance of “With a Song in My Heart”

  • Hart, Marvin (American boxer)

    Marvin Hart, American boxer who was the world heavyweight champion from July 3, 1905, to February 23, 1906. Hart’s claim to the championship has not been universally accepted, although that of Tommy Burns, who defeated Hart in a title match, is not seriously challenged. After James Jackson

  • Hart, Michael Stern (American e-book pioneer publisher)

    Michael Stern Hart, American e-book publisher (born March 8, 1947, Tacoma, Wash.—died Sept. 6, 2011, Urbana, Ill.), was a student at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign when on July 4, 1971, he typed the Declaration of Independence into the university’s mainframe computer system for

  • Hart, Mickey (American musician)

    Grateful Dead: Later members included drummer Mickey Hart (b. September 11, 1943, Long Island, New York, U.S.), keyboard player Tom Constanten (b. March 19, 1944, Longbranch, New Jersey, U.S.), keyboard player Keith Godchaux (b. July 19, 1948, San Francisco—d. July 21, 1980, Marin county, California), vocalist Donna Godchaux (b. August 22,…

  • Hart, Moss (American playwright)

    Moss Hart, one of the most successful U.S. playwrights of the 20th century. At 17 Hart obtained a job as office boy for the theatrical producer Augustus Pitou. He wrote his first play at 18, but it was a flop. He then worked as director of amateur theatre groups, spending his summers as

  • Hart, Nancy (American Revolution heroine)

    Nancy Hart, American Revolutionary heroine around whom gathered numerous stories of patriotic adventure and resourcefulness. Ann Morgan grew up in the colony of North Carolina. She is traditionally said to have been related to both Daniel Boone and General Daniel Morgan, although with no real

  • Hart, Nancy (Confederate spy)

    Summersville: During the American Civil War, Nancy Hart, the noted Confederate spy, led an attack upon the town (July 1861), capturing a Union force and burning most of the buildings. She was later captured but escaped to Confederate lines; she returned to settle in the area after the war. Carnifex Ferry…

  • Hart, Oliver (British-born American economist)

    Oliver Hart, British-born American economist who, with Bengt Holmström, was awarded the 2016 Nobel Prize for Economics for his contributions to contract theory. His groundbreaking research on what came to be known as “incomplete contracts,” in which the rights and responsibilities of the

  • Hart, Oliver Simon D’Arcy (British-born American economist)

    Oliver Hart, British-born American economist who, with Bengt Holmström, was awarded the 2016 Nobel Prize for Economics for his contributions to contract theory. His groundbreaking research on what came to be known as “incomplete contracts,” in which the rights and responsibilities of the

  • Hart, Pro (Australian artist)

    Pro Hart, (Kevin Charles Hart), Australian artist (born May 30, 1928, Broken Hill, N.S.W., Australia—died March 28, 2006, Broken Hill), crafted richly coloured oil and acrylic paintings, notably naive rural landscapes inspired by Australia’s Outback. Hart was a sheep farmer, miner, and s

  • Hart, Roderick P. (American scholar)

    Roderick P. Hart, American scholar noted for his work in the areas of political language, media and politics, presidential studies, and rhetorical analysis. He invented a computer-aided text-analysis program called DICTION to assist in his work. The program measures a text’s certainty (number of

  • Hart, Roderick Patrick (American scholar)

    Roderick P. Hart, American scholar noted for his work in the areas of political language, media and politics, presidential studies, and rhetorical analysis. He invented a computer-aided text-analysis program called DICTION to assist in his work. The program measures a text’s certainty (number of

  • Hart, Sir Robert, 1st Baronet (British statesman)

    Sir Robert Hart, 1st Baronet, Anglo-Chinese statesman employed by the Qing dynasty (1644–1911/12) to direct the Chinese customs bureau and thus satisfy Western demands for an equitable Chinese tariff. A British consular official in China (1854–59), Hart became customs inspector at Guangzhou

  • Hart, Tony (American actor)

    Edward Harrigan: …formed a new partnership with Tony Hart (original name Anthony Cannon; 1857–91), and Harrigan and Hart remained together until 1885. In 1876 they became comanagers of the Theatre Comique in New York City. After a new theatre was destroyed by fire in 1884, Harrigan became sole manager of Harrigan’s Park…

  • Hart, William S. (American actor)

    William S. Hart, American stage and silent motion-picture actor, who was the leading hero of the early westerns. Hart was brought up in the Dakotas, where he lived until he was 16. He made his first appearance on the stage in 1889 and soon made a name for himself, especially for his performances in

  • Hart-Rudman Commission (United States congressional committee)

    U.S. Commission on National Security/21st Century (USCNS/21), U.S. congressional committee established in 1998 to examine how best to ensure U.S. national security in the first quarter of the 21st century. The U.S. Commission on National Security/21st Century (USCNS/21) became widely known as the

  • Hart-Rudman Task Force on Homeland Security (United States congressional committee)

    U.S. Commission on National Security/21st Century (USCNS/21), U.S. congressional committee established in 1998 to examine how best to ensure U.S. national security in the first quarter of the 21st century. The U.S. Commission on National Security/21st Century (USCNS/21) became widely known as the

  • Hartack, Bill (American jockey)

    Bill Hartack, American jockey who was the second, after Eddie Arcaro, ever to win five Kentucky Derbies and the first, in 1956, to win $2 million in a single year, a record he broke the following year by earning $3 million. For three consecutive years—1955, 1956, and 1957—he was the national

  • Hartack, William John, Jr. (American jockey)

    Bill Hartack, American jockey who was the second, after Eddie Arcaro, ever to win five Kentucky Derbies and the first, in 1956, to win $2 million in a single year, a record he broke the following year by earning $3 million. For three consecutive years—1955, 1956, and 1957—he was the national

  • hartal (Ceylonese labour strike)

    Hartal, in Ceylon, general strike, organized in 1953 by Marxist parties to express public dissatisfaction over the rise in the cost of living, especially the cost of rice. (Generically, the word hartal means “strike” in most North Indian languages.) Because of a chronic shortage of rice, the

  • Harte, Bret (American writer)

    Bret Harte, American writer who helped create the local-colour school in American fiction. Harte’s family settled in New York City and Brooklyn in 1845. His education was spotty and irregular, but he inherited a love of books and managed to get some verses published at age 11. In 1854 he left for

  • Harte, Francis Brett (American writer)

    Bret Harte, American writer who helped create the local-colour school in American fiction. Harte’s family settled in New York City and Brooklyn in 1845. His education was spotty and irregular, but he inherited a love of books and managed to get some verses published at age 11. In 1854 he left for

  • hartebeest (mammal)

    Hartebeest, (Alcelaphus buselaphus), large African antelope (family Bovidae) with an elongated head, unusual bracket-shaped horns, and high forequarters sloping to lower hindquarters—a trait of the tribe Alcelaphini, which also includes wildebeests, the topi, and the blesbok. DNA studies indicate

  • Harteck, P. (German chemist)

    tritium: Oliphant, and Paul Harteck, who bombarded deuterium (D, the hydrogen isotope of mass number 2) with high-energy deuterons (nuclei of deuterium atoms) according to the equation D + D → H + T. Willard Frank Libby and Aristid V. Grosse showed that tritium is present in natural water,…

  • Hartel, Lis (Danish equestrian)

    Lis Hartel: Beating Polio: That Danish equestrian Lis Hartel was competing at all in the 1952 dressage competition was perhaps more surprising and impressive than the fact that she won the silver medal. She had faced two major obstacles in the years before the 1952 Olympic Games in Helsinki,…

  • Hartenfels Castle (castle, Torgau, Germany)

    Western architecture: Germany: …example of the latter is Hartenfels Castle (c. 1532–44) at Torgau by Konrad Krebs, which is completely medieval in design but has occasional fragments of Classical ornament applied to the surface. The rear portion of the Residence (c. 1537–43) at Landshut is exceptional in that its architecture and decoration are…

  • Hartford (Connecticut, United States)

    Hartford, capital of Connecticut and city coextensive with the town (township) of Hartford, Hartford county, U.S., in the north-central part of the state. It is a major industrial and commercial centre and a port at the head of navigation on the Connecticut River, 38 miles (61 km) from Long Island

  • Hartford (county, Connecticut, United States)

    Hartford, county, north-central Connecticut, U.S. It is bordered to the north by Massachusetts and traversed (north-south) by the Connecticut River. Other waterways are the Farmington, Pequabuck, and Quinnipiac rivers and the Barkhamsted and Nepaug reservoirs. The terrain mostly consists of an

  • Hartford Art School (university, Connecticut, United States)

    University of Hartford, private, coeducational institution of higher learning in West Hartford, Conn., U.S. It consists of the Barney School of Business and Public Administration, the Hartt School (of music), the Hartford Art School, the Ward College of Technology, and colleges of education,

  • Hartford circus fire (circus fire, Hartford, Connecticut)

    Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus: World War II, the Hartford fire, and The Greatest Show on Earth: Train travel was restricted during World War II by the needs of the U.S. military and government, but, recognizing the relief from wartime tensions that the circus could provide for the American public, Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt…

  • Hartford Convention (United States history)

    Hartford Convention, (December 15, 1814–January 5, 1815), in U.S. history, a secret meeting in Hartford, Connecticut, of Federalist delegates from Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Vermont who were dissatisfied with Pres. James Madison’s mercantile policies and the

  • Hartford Courant (American newspaper)

    Connecticut: Cultural life: The Hartford Courant is the oldest continuously published city newspaper in the country; it began as a weekly paper in 1764 and became a daily in 1837. Yale University Press is a major academic publisher that is recognized throughout the world.

  • Hartford Whalers (American hockey team)

    Carolina Hurricanes, American professional ice hockey team based in Raleigh, North Carolina. The Hurricanes play in the Eastern Conference of the National Hockey League (NHL) and won the Stanley Cup in 2006. Founded in 1972 as the New England Whalers and based in Hartford, Connecticut, the

  • Hartford wits (American literary group)

    Hartford wit, any of a group of Federalist poets centred around Hartford, Conn., who collaborated to produce a considerable body of political satire just after the American Revolution. Employing burlesque verse modelled upon Samuel Butler’s Hudibras and Alexander Pope’s Dunciad, the wits a

  • Hartford, John (American musician)

    John Hartford, American musician and singer-songwriter (born Dec. 30, 1937, New York, N.Y.—died June 4, 2001, Madison, Tenn.), was a virtuoso banjoist, fiddler, and guitarist whose best-known song, “Gentle on My Mind” (1967), earned two Grammy Awards; the song was later recorded by Glen Campbell, E

  • Hartford, University of (university, Connecticut, United States)

    University of Hartford, private, coeducational institution of higher learning in West Hartford, Conn., U.S. It consists of the Barney School of Business and Public Administration, the Hartt School (of music), the Hartford Art School, the Ward College of Technology, and colleges of education,

  • Harthacnut (king of Denmark and England)

    Hardecanute, king of Denmark from 1028 to 1042 and of England from 1040 to 1042. Son of King Canute and Emma, daughter of Richard I, duke of Normandy, Hardecanute was made co-king of Denmark by Canute about 1030. On Canute’s death in 1035, a party led by Emma and Godwine, earl of Wessex, wished to

  • Hartigan, Grace (American painter)

    Grace Hartigan, an American painter best known for her Abstract Expressionist works of the 1950s, which gradually incorporated recognizable imagery. Her later paintings were sometimes identified with Pop art despite her distaste for that style. Hartigan was a latecomer to art, coaxed into taking

  • Hartington, Marquess of (British statesman)

    William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire, a leader of the parliamentary movement that sought to exclude the Roman Catholic James, duke of York (afterward James II), from succession to the British throne and that later invited the invasion of William of Orange. Cavendish was the eldest son of the

  • Hartington, Marquess of (prime minister of Great Britain)

    William Cavendish, 4th duke of Devonshire, prime minister of Great Britain from November 1756 to May 1757, at the start of the Seven Years’ War. Eldest son of William Cavendish, the 3rd Duke (1698–1755), he was elected to the House of Commons in 1741 and 1747, and in 1751 he moved to the House of

  • Hartlaub, Gustav F. (German art director)

    Neue Sachlichkeit: …was fashioned in 1924 by Gustav F. Hartlaub, director of the Mannheim Kunsthall. In a 1925 exhibition assembled at the Kunsthalle, Hartlaub displayed the works of the members of this group: George Grosz, Otto Dix, Max Beckmann, Georg Schrimpf, Alexander Kanoldt, Carlo Mense, Georg Scholz,

  • Hartle, James B. (American cosmologist)

    cosmology: Superunification and the Planck era: Hawking and the American cosmologist James B. Hartle have proposed that it may be possible to avert a beginning to time by making it go imaginary (in the sense of the mathematics of complex numbers) instead of letting it suddenly appear or disappear. Beyond a certain point in their scheme,…

  • Hartleben, Otto Erich (German writer)

    Otto Erich Hartleben, German poet, dramatist, and short-story writer known for his Naturalistic dramas that portray with ironic wit the weaknesses of middle-class society. Hartleben studied law and held minor judicial appointments and then, from 1890, lived a bohemian life as a free-lance writer.

  • Hartlepool (England, United Kingdom)

    Hartlepool, seaport and unitary authority, geographic and historic county of Durham, northeastern England, on the North Sea. The old town, occupying a limestone peninsula that sheltered a fishing harbour on the North Sea coast, enjoyed the patronage of the medieval prince-bishops of Durham, who

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