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  • Hareh, Mount (mountain, Egypt)

    Mount Sinai, granitic peak of the south-central Sinai Peninsula, Janūb Sīnāʾ (South Sinai) muḥāfaẓah (governorate), Egypt. Mount Sinai is renowned as the principal site of divine revelation in Jewish history, where God is purported to have appeared to Moses and given him the Ten Commandments

  • Harel, Isser (Israeli intelligence director)

    Isser Harel, (Isser Halperin), Israeli spymaster (born 1912, Vitebsk, Belorussia, Russian Empire [now in Belarus]—died Feb. 18, 2003, Petah Tiqwa, Israel), directed the abduction from Argentina of Adolf Eichmann, the Nazi official responsible for carrying out the “final solution,” the e

  • Harel, Yossi (Israeli Zionist and intelligence officer)

    Yossi Harel, (Yosef Hamburger), Israeli Zionist and intelligence officer (born Jan. 4, 1918?, Jerusalem, British Palestine [now in Israel]—died April 26, 2008, Tel Aviv, Israel), commanded the ship Exodus 1947, which sailed from the port of Sète (near Marseille) in July 1947, carrying more than

  • harelip (congenital disorder)

    Cleft lip, relatively common congenital deformity in which the central to medial upper lip fails to fuse properly during the second month of prenatal life, resulting in a fissure in the lip beneath the nostril. Once colloquially known as harelip, cleft lip may be unilateral or bilateral. It may

  • harem

    Harem, in Muslim countries, the part of a house set apart for the women of the family. The word ḥarīmī is used collectively to refer to the women themselves. Zanāna (from the Persian word zan, “woman”) is the term used for the harem in India, andarūn (Persian: “inner part” [of a house]) in Iran.

  • Harem, The (work by Picasso)

    Pablo Picasso: The move to Paris and the Rose Period: …of the earth itself (The Harem [1906]). Picasso seems to have been working with colour in an attempt to come closer to sculptural form, especially in 1906 (Two Nudes; La Toilette). His Portrait of Gertrude Stein (1906) and a Self-Portrait with Palette (1906) show that development as well as…

  • Haremhab (king of Egypt)

    Horemheb, last king (reigned 1319–1292 bce) of the 18th dynasty of ancient Egypt; he continued the restoration of the traditional Amon religion that a previous ruler, Akhenaton, had replaced with the worship of the god Aton. Having served as commander of the army under Tutankhamen, Horemheb came to

  • Hārer (Ethiopia)

    Hārer, city, eastern Ethiopia, in the Ch’erch’er Mountains, at an elevation of 6,000 feet (1,800 metres). Probably founded in the 7th century ad by immigrants from Ḥaḍramawt in southern Arabia, Hārer became the capital of the Muslim state of Adal. Conflict with Christian Ethiopians and the Oromo,

  • Hareri (people)

    Hārer: The population includes the local Hareri (Adere), who speak a Semitic language and have a literature written in Arabic script, as well as the Amhara, Oromo, and Somalis. The Hārer Military Academy is situated in the town. A wildlife refuge is located to the south, and the ʿAlem Maya (Alemaya)…

  • Hareri language

    Ethio-Semitic languages: …Ethiopia and central Eritrea; Argobba; Hareri; and Gurage. Although some scholars once considered the so-called Ethiopic languages to be a branch within Semitic, these languages are now referred to as Ethio-Semitic. They are generally grouped together with the dialects of the South Arabic language as Southern Peripheral Semitic or South…

  • Harfleur, Siege of (European history)

    Battle of Agincourt: Henry V and the resumption of the Hundred Years’ War: …siege to the city of Harfleur. The city capitulated within six weeks, but the siege was costly. It lasted longer than Henry had anticipated, and his numbers were significantly diminished as a result of casualties, desertions, and disease. Departing from Harfleur on October 8, Henry marched northward toward the English-held…

  • Harford (county, Maryland, United States)

    Harford, county, northeastern Maryland, U.S., bounded by Pennsylvania to the north, the Susquehanna River to the east, Chesapeake Bay to the south and southeast, and the Gunpowder River to the southwest. The county is bracketed in the west by portions of Gunpowder Falls State Park and in the east

  • Hargeisa (Somalia)

    Hargeysa, city, northwestern Somalia, and the capital of the Republic of Somaliland, a self-declared independent state without international recognition. Hargeysa is located in an enclosed valley of the Galgodon (Ogo) highlands, at an elevation of 4,377 feet (1,334 metres). During the Somalian

  • Hargeysa (Somalia)

    Hargeysa, city, northwestern Somalia, and the capital of the Republic of Somaliland, a self-declared independent state without international recognition. Hargeysa is located in an enclosed valley of the Galgodon (Ogo) highlands, at an elevation of 4,377 feet (1,334 metres). During the Somalian

  • Harghita (county, Romania)

    Harghita, județ (county), north-central Romania, occupying an area of 2,563 square miles (6,639 square km). It is dominated by the Eastern Carpathian mountain ranges of Baraolt, Gurghiu, and the volcanic Harghita. Settlement areas lie in intermontane valleys, including the Ciuc and Gurge

  • Harghita Mountains (mountains, Romania)

    Carpathian Mountains: Physiography: …volcanoes in the Călimani and Harghita ranges have, to some extent, kept their original conical shape; the highest peaks of these ranges are 6,890 feet and 5,906 feet, respectively. Fringing the true Eastern Carpathians runs a narrow zone called the sub-Carpathians, which is made up of folded Cenozoic rocks superimposed…

  • Hargis, Billy James (American evangelist)

    Billy James Hargis, American evangelist (born Aug. 3, 1925, Texarkana, Texas—died Nov. 27, 2004, Tulsa, Okla.), founded the Christian Crusade, an international ministry with a special interest in battling communism. He built a powerful media empire, reaching millions through television, radio, b

  • Hargitay, Mickey (American athlete)

    physical culture: Bodybuilding: Universe Mickey Hargitay, best known as a member of Mae West’s traveling troupe of musclemen and the husband of actress Jayne Mansfield.

  • Hargobind (Sikh Guru)

    Hargobind, sixth Sikh Guru, who developed a strong Sikh army and gave the Sikh religion its military character, in accord with the instructions of his father, Guru Arjan (1563–1606), the first Sikh martyr, who had been executed on the order of the Mughal emperor Jahāngīr. Up to the time of

  • Hargrave box kite

    Hargrave box kite, kite designed, built, and flown by the aeronautical pioneer Lawrence Hargrave in the 1890s. Hargrave began his experiments with kites in 1893. His goal was to build a kite so efficient that it would advance into the wind. While his efforts to draw propulsive force from the wind

  • Hargrave, Lawrence (British aeronautical engineer)

    Lawrence Hargrave, English aviation pioneer and inventor of the box kite. Born and educated in England, Hargrave immigrated to Australia, where he began work in 1866 as a draftsman. He participated in expeditions to New Guinea in 1872, 1875, and 1876, and in 1878 he accepted a position as an

  • Hargraves, James (English inventor)

    James Hargreaves, English inventor of the spinning jenny, the first practical application of multiple spinning by a machine. At the time he devised the machine, he was a poor, uneducated spinner and weaver living at Stanhill, near Blackburn, Lancashire. About 1764 Hargreaves is said to have

  • Hargreaves, Alison (British mountaineer)

    Alison Hargreaves, British mountaineer who died in a blizzard while descending from an apparently successful assault on the Himalayan peak K2 only weeks after she had become the first woman to scale Mt. Everest alone and without bottled oxygen (b. Feb. 17, 1962--d. Aug. 13,

  • Hargreaves, James (English inventor)

    James Hargreaves, English inventor of the spinning jenny, the first practical application of multiple spinning by a machine. At the time he devised the machine, he was a poor, uneducated spinner and weaver living at Stanhill, near Blackburn, Lancashire. About 1764 Hargreaves is said to have

  • Hargreaves, Roger (British cartoonist)

    Roger Hargreaves, British cartoonist who created whimsical characters best known in the popular “Mr. Men” series of books for children. Hargreaves was a creative director in an London advertising firm when he began to market his potato-shaped doodles in the early 1970s. The simple figures were

  • Hargrove, Mike (American baseball player and manager)

    Cleveland Indians: Under manager Mike Hargrove, the Indians reemerged and won five straight AL Central Division titles (1995–99), advancing to the World Series twice during their run (the Indians lost in both World Series appearances). The success of those teams—which featured Manny Ramírez, Omar Vizquel, and Jim Thome, among…

  • Harī (river, Central Asia)

    Harīrūd, river, Central Asia. It rises on the western slopes of the rugged Selseleh-ye Kūh-e Bābā range, an outlier of the Hindu Kush mountains, in central Afghanistan. Flowing west past Chaghcharān and the ancient city of Herāt (whence its name is derived), then north, it forms sections of the

  • Hari Krishen (Sikh Guru)

    Hari Krishen, eighth Sikh Guru, who was installed at five years of age and reigned for only three years. He is said to have possessed vast wisdom and to have amazed visiting Brahmans (Hindu priests) with his great knowledge of the Hindu scripture Bhagavadgita. Many wondrous feats are attributed to

  • Hari Singh (maharaja of Kashmir)

    Kashmir: The Kashmir problem: Hari Singh, the maharaja of Kashmir, initially believed that by delaying his decision he could maintain the independence of Kashmir, but, caught up in a train of events that included a revolution among his Muslim subjects along the western borders of the state and the…

  • hari-giri (plant)

    Araliaceae: Hari-giri, or castor aralia (Acanthopanax ricinifolius), is used in Japan in building and in furniture making.

  • Hari-hara (Hindu deity)

    Harihara, in Hinduism, a deity combining the two major gods Vishnu (Hari) and Shiva (Hara). Images of Harihara (also known as Shambhu-Vishnu and Shankara-Narayana, variants of the names of the two gods) first appeared in the classical period, after sectarian movements, which elevated one god as

  • Haribhadra (Indian author)

    Haribhadra, noncanonical author of treatises on the Indian religion Jainism, known for his authoritative works in Sanskrit and Prakrit on Jain doctrine and ethics. Scholars are still uncertain of the extent to which he should be differentiated from a 6th-century Jain author of the same name.

  • Harichandra line (Gurjara-Pratihara dynasty)

    Gurjara-Pratihara dynasty: The line of Harichandra ruled in Mandor, Marwar (Jodhpur, Rajasthan), during the 6th to 9th centuries ce, generally with feudatory status. The line of Nagabhata ruled first at Ujjain and later at Kannauj during the 8th to 11th centuries. Other Gurjara lines existed, but they did not take…

  • haricot bean (vegetable)

    Green bean, widely cultivated, edible-podded legume of the species Phaseolus vulgaris. See

  • Haridwar (India)

    Haridwar, city, northwestern Uttarakhand state, northern India. Haridwar lies along the Ganges (Ganga) River, at the boundary between the Indo-Gangetic Plain (south) and the Himalayan foothills (north). It is the site of the headworks of the Ganges Canal system. Haridwar is one of the seven sacred

  • Harihara (Indian poet)

    South Asian arts: Period of the Tamil Cōḷa Empire (10th–13th century): Inspired by these lyrics, Harihara, in the late 12th century, wrote some 120 ragaḷe (blank verse) biographies of the Śaiva saints, including the Vīraśaiva (or Liṅgāyat) and the earlier Tamil Nāyaṉārs. In the early 13th century, his disciple and nephew, Rāghavāṅka, wrote, in ṣaṭpadis (six-line stanzas), of the lives…

  • Harihara (Hindu deity)

    Harihara, in Hinduism, a deity combining the two major gods Vishnu (Hari) and Shiva (Hara). Images of Harihara (also known as Shambhu-Vishnu and Shankara-Narayana, variants of the names of the two gods) first appeared in the classical period, after sectarian movements, which elevated one god as

  • Harihara I Saṅgama (Vijayanagar ruler)

    India: Development of the state: …of Vijayanagar was founded by Harihara and Bukka, two of five brothers (surnamed Sangama) who had served in the administrations of both Kakatiya and Kampili before those kingdoms were conquered by the armies of the Delhi sultanate in the 1320s. When Kampili fell in 1327, the two brothers are believed…

  • Harihara II (Vijayanagar ruler)

    India: Consolidation: …the succession of Bukka’s son Harihara II (reigned 1377–1404) precipitated a repetition of the same action. A rebellion in the Tamil country at the beginning of his reign probably was aided by the disaffected sons and officers of Bukka’s deceased eldest son, Kumara Kampana, who were not ready to acknowledge…

  • Hariharalaya (ancient city, Cambodia)

    Jayavarman II: …Cham; then, moving northwards, at Hariharalaya, southeast of present-day Siĕmréab (Siem Reap); and then at Mahendraparvata, in the region just north of the Tonle Sap (Great Lake), not far from Angkor, the next seat of the Khmer empire, which remained its capital for 600 years.

  • Harijan (social class, India)

    Untouchable, in traditional Indian society, the former name for any member of a wide range of low-caste Hindu groups and any person outside the caste system. The use of the term and the social disabilities associated with it were declared illegal in the constitutions adopted by the Constituent

  • Harike Barrage (barrage, India)

    Indus River: Irrigation: The Harike Barrage, at the confluence of the Beas and Sutlej, channels water into the Indira Gandhi Canal, which runs for about 400 miles (640 km) to the southwest to irrigate some 1.5 million acres (607,000 hectares) of desert in western Rajasthan. The main canal was…

  • ḥarīm

    Harem, in Muslim countries, the part of a house set apart for the women of the family. The word ḥarīmī is used collectively to refer to the women themselves. Zanāna (from the Persian word zan, “woman”) is the term used for the harem in India, andarūn (Persian: “inner part” [of a house]) in Iran.

  • Harimandir Sahib (temple, Amritsar, India)

    Harmandir Sahib, the chief gurdwara, or house of worship, of Sikhism and the Sikhs’ most important pilgrimage site. It is located in the city of Amritsar, Punjab state, northwestern India. The first Harmandir Sahib was built in 1604 by Arjan, the fifth Sikh Guru, who symbolically had it placed on a

  • Haring Dam (dam, Netherlands)

    Haring Estuary: …sluices was completed at the Haring’s mouth in 1970. A large lock built as part of the Haring Dam allows the channel to remain open to shipping.

  • Haring Estuary (channel, Netherlands)

    Haring Estuary, freshwater channel, southwestern Netherlands. A distributary of the Hollands Diep, it ultimately (through other streams) has its origin in the Lower Rhine (Neder Rijn) River. The Haring flows for about 20 miles (32 km) between the joined islands of Voorne and Putten and the island

  • Häring, Bernhard (German theologian)

    Bernhard Häring, German Roman Catholic liberal theologian whose beliefs in pacifism, ecumenism, and freedom of conscience were set forth in some 80 books and 1,000 articles; his 1954 three-volume The Law of Christ was a best-seller in Germany and was translated into more than 12 languages (b. Nov.

  • Häring, Georg Wilhelm Heinrich (German writer)

    Willibald Alexis, German writer and critic best known for his historical novels about Brandenburg and Prussia. Alexis grew up in Berlin. After service as a volunteer in the campaign of 1815, he studied law at Berlin and Breslau but abandoned his legal career for writing after the success of his

  • Haring, Keith (American artist)

    Keith Haring, American graphic artist and designer who popularized some of the strategies and impulses of graffiti art. After a brief period studying at the Ivy School of Art in Pittsburgh, Haring moved to New York City in 1978 to attend the School of Visual Arts. With fellow artists Kenny Scharf

  • Haringey (borough, London, United Kingdom)

    Haringey, inner borough of London, England, part of the historic county of Middlesex. It is located north of Islington and Hackney and south of Enfield. Haringey was established in 1965 by the amalgamation of the former boroughs of Hornsey, Tottenham, and Wood Green. Haringey includes such

  • Haringhata (estuary, Bangladesh)

    Madhumati River: …km) wide, is called the Haringhata. The Madhumati is one of the largest of the Padma distributaries in the southern part of the Gangetic Plain, and it offers the best navigation conditions of any river at the head of the Bay of Bengal.

  • Harington, James (British philosopher)

    James Harrington, English political philosopher whose major work, The Common-wealth of Oceana (1656), was a restatement of Aristotle’s theory of constitutional stability and revolution. Although Harrington was sympathetic to republicanism, he was a devoted friend of King Charles I and was briefly

  • Harington, Sir John (English author)

    Sir John Harington, English Elizabethan courtier, translator, author, and wit who also invented the flush toilet. Harington’s father enriched the family by marrying an illegitimate daughter of Henry VIII; his second wife was an attendant to the Princess Elizabeth, who stood as godmother for John.

  • Haringvliet (channel, Netherlands)

    Haring Estuary, freshwater channel, southwestern Netherlands. A distributary of the Hollands Diep, it ultimately (through other streams) has its origin in the Lower Rhine (Neder Rijn) River. The Haring flows for about 20 miles (32 km) between the joined islands of Voorne and Putten and the island

  • Hariot, Thomas (English mathematician and astronomer)

    Thomas Harriot, mathematician, astronomer, and investigator of the natural world. Little is known of him before he received his bachelor’s degree from the University of Oxford in 1580. Throughout his working life, he was supported by the patronage, at different times, of Sir Walter Raleigh and

  • Haripunjaya (historical kingdom, Thailand)

    Haripunjaya, an ancient Mon kingdom centred in the Mae Nam (river) Ping Valley in northwestern Thailand. It was founded in the mid-7th century by a queen of Lopburi, the capital of the Mon Dvaravati kingdom to the south. Although originally established as a colony of Dvaravati, Haripunjaya

  • harira (food)

    Morocco: Daily life and social customs: Harira, a thick and hearty lamb soup, is served to break the fast at Ramadan and is a national speciality. The national drink is mint tea. Morocco is a wine-producing country, but production had begun to decline by the early 21st century under religious pressure…

  • Ḥarīrī, al- (Islamic scholar)

    Al-Ḥarīrī, scholar of Arabic language and literature and government official who is primarily known for the refined style and wit of his collection of tales, the Maqāmāt, published in English as The Assemblies of al-Harîrî (1867, 1898). His works include a long poem on grammar (Mulḥat al-iʿrāb fī

  • Hariri, Rafiq al- (prime minister of Lebanon)

    Rafiq al-Hariri, Lebanese businessman, politician, and philanthropist who, as prime minister of Lebanon (1992–98; 2000–04), was instrumental in rebuilding the country after its protracted civil war. His assassination in 2005 fomented political tensions between Lebanon and Syria. Hariri, the son of

  • Ḥarīrī, Rafīq al- (prime minister of Lebanon)

    Rafiq al-Hariri, Lebanese businessman, politician, and philanthropist who, as prime minister of Lebanon (1992–98; 2000–04), was instrumental in rebuilding the country after its protracted civil war. His assassination in 2005 fomented political tensions between Lebanon and Syria. Hariri, the son of

  • Ḥarīrī, Rafīq Bahāʾ al-Dīn al- (prime minister of Lebanon)

    Rafiq al-Hariri, Lebanese businessman, politician, and philanthropist who, as prime minister of Lebanon (1992–98; 2000–04), was instrumental in rebuilding the country after its protracted civil war. His assassination in 2005 fomented political tensions between Lebanon and Syria. Hariri, the son of

  • Hariri, Saad al- (prime minister of Lebanon)

    Saad al-Hariri, Saudi-born Lebanese businessman and prime minister of Lebanon (2009–11; 2016–20). The son of former Lebanese prime minister Rafiq al-Hariri, Saad entered politics following his father’s assassination in February 2005. Hariri received his elementary education at the school of Frères

  • Ḥarīrī, Saʿd al- (prime minister of Lebanon)

    Saad al-Hariri, Saudi-born Lebanese businessman and prime minister of Lebanon (2009–11; 2016–20). The son of former Lebanese prime minister Rafiq al-Hariri, Saad entered politics following his father’s assassination in February 2005. Hariri received his elementary education at the school of Frères

  • Ḥarīrī, Saʿd al-Dīn Rafīq al- (prime minister of Lebanon)

    Saad al-Hariri, Saudi-born Lebanese businessman and prime minister of Lebanon (2009–11; 2016–20). The son of former Lebanese prime minister Rafiq al-Hariri, Saad entered politics following his father’s assassination in February 2005. Hariri received his elementary education at the school of Frères

  • Ḥarīrī, Tall al- (ancient city, Syria)

    Mari, ancient Mesopotamian city situated on the right bank of the Euphrates River in what is now Syria. Excavations, initially directed by André Parrot and begun in 1933, uncovered remains extending from about 3100 bc to the 7th century ad. The most remarkable of the discoveries was the great

  • Harīrūd (river, Central Asia)

    Harīrūd, river, Central Asia. It rises on the western slopes of the rugged Selseleh-ye Kūh-e Bābā range, an outlier of the Hindu Kush mountains, in central Afghanistan. Flowing west past Chaghcharān and the ancient city of Herāt (whence its name is derived), then north, it forms sections of the

  • Harīrūd Valley (region, Afghanistan)

    Herāt: The Harīrūd Valley is one of the nation’s richest agricultural areas, producing grain, cotton, fruit, and other crops. The province is not entirely agricultural, however; petroleum is produced at Tīr Pol, in the west, and there is some light industry at Herāt city. The people of…

  • Hariścandrakāvya (work by Rāghavāṅka)

    South Asian arts: Period of the Tamil Cōḷa Empire (10th–13th century): …his most mature work is Hariścandrakāvya, an unequalled reworking of an ancient Job-like story of Hariścandra, who suffered every ordeal for his love of truth. The Vīraśaiva saints’ lives and the vacana (“saying” or “prose poem”) literature were codified in a masterpiece called Śūnya Sampādane (“The Achievement of Nothing”), consisting…

  • Harischandra Range (mountain range, India)

    Harischandra Range, eastward-extending spur of the Western Ghats, in west-central India. The range lies between the Godavari and the Bhima rivers in the northwestern Deccan plateau. With an average elevation of about 2,000 feet (600 metres), its peaks decrease in elevation gradually to the

  • Harishcandra (Hindu mythology)

    Mahatma Gandhi: Youth: …mythology, such as Prahlada and Harishcandra—legendary embodiments of truthfulness and sacrifice—as living models.

  • Harishchandra (Indian writer)

    Harishchandra, Indian poet, dramatist, critic, and journalist, commonly referred to as the “father of modern Hindi.” His great contributions in founding a new tradition of Hindi prose were recognized even in his short lifetime, and he was admiringly called Bhartendu (“Moon of India”), an honorific

  • Ḥārith ibn Hammām, al- (literary character)

    al-Ḥarīrī: …the words of the narrator, al-Ḥārith ibn Hammām, his repeated encounters with Abū Zayd al-Sarūjī, an unabashed confidence artist and wanderer possessing all the eloquence, grammatical knowledge, and poetic ability of al-Ḥarīrī himself. Time and again, al-Ḥārith finds Abū Zayd at the centre of a throng of people in a…

  • Ḥārith ibn Ḥillizah, al- (Arab poet)

    Arabic literature: Lampoon: Al-Ḥārith ibn Ḥillizah’s contribution to the tribal and poetic joust between himself and ʿAmr ibn Kulthūm, recorded in Al-Muʿallaqāt, demonstrates one form of insult within such a context:

  • Ḥārith ibn Jabalah, al- (king of Ghassān)

    Ghassān: The Ghassānid king al-Ḥārith ibn Jabalah (reigned 529–569) supported the Byzantines against Sāsānian Persia and was given the title patricius in 529 by the emperor Justinian. Al-Ḥārith was a miaphysite Christian; he helped to revive the miaphysite Syrian church and supported miaphysite development despite the disapproval of Orthodox…

  • Ḥārith ibn ʿAmr, al- (Kindah king)

    Kindah: Ḥujr’s grandson, al-Ḥārith ibn ʿAmr, was the most renowned of the Kindah kings. Al-Ḥārith invaded Iraq and captured al-Ḥīrah, the capital of the Lakhmid king al-Mundhir III. About 529, however, al-Mundhir regained the city and killed al-Ḥārith, together with about 50 other members of the royal family—a…

  • Ḥārith, al- (Arab poet)

    Arabic literature: Lampoon: Al-Ḥārith ibn Ḥillizah’s contribution to the tribal and poetic joust between himself and ʿAmr ibn Kulthūm, recorded in Al-Muʿallaqāt, demonstrates one form of insult within such a context:

  • Hārītī (Buddhist character)

    Hārītī, in Buddhist mythology, a child-devouring ogress who is said to have been converted from her cannibalistic habits by the Buddha to become a protectress of children. He hid the youngest of her own 500 children under his begging bowl, and thus made her realize the sorrow she was causing o

  • Harivaṃśa (Indian literature)

    Krishna: … and its 5th-century-ce appendix, the Harivamsha, and the Puranas, particularly Books X and XI of the Bhagavata-purana. They relate how Krishna (literally “black,” or “dark as a cloud”) was born into the Yadava clan, the son of Vasudeva and Devaki, who was the sister of Kamsa, the wicked king

  • Harivamsha (Indian literature)

    Krishna: … and its 5th-century-ce appendix, the Harivamsha, and the Puranas, particularly Books X and XI of the Bhagavata-purana. They relate how Krishna (literally “black,” or “dark as a cloud”) was born into the Yadava clan, the son of Vasudeva and Devaki, who was the sister of Kamsa, the wicked king

  • Harivarman (Indian ruler)

    Ganga dynasty: …his successors, Madhava I and Harivarman, expanded their influence by marital and military alliances with the Pallavas, Chalukyas, and Kadambas. By the end of the 8th century a dynastic dispute weakened the Gangas, but Butuga II (c. 937–960) obtained extensive territories between the Tungabhadra and Krishna rivers, ruling from Talakad…

  • Harizi, Judah ben Solomon (Spanish-Jewish poet)

    Judah ben Solomon Harizi, man of letters, last representative of the golden age of Spanish Hebrew poetry. He wandered through Provence and also the Middle East, translating Arabic poetry and scientific works into Hebrew. His version of the Guide of the Perplexed of Maimonides is more artistic if

  • Härjedalen (province, Sweden)

    Härjedalen, landskap (province), northern Sweden, comprising the upper valley of the Ljusnan (river) in Norrland region. It is bounded by Norway on the west, the landskap of Jämtland on the north, those of Medelpad and Hälsingland on the east, and that of Dalarna on the south. It is included in the

  • Harjo, Joy (American author, academic, musician and artist)

    Joy Harjo, American poet, writer, academic, musician, and Native American activist whose poems featured Indian symbolism, imagery, history, and ideas set within a universal context. Her poetry also dealt with social and personal issues, notably feminism, and with music, particularly jazz. An

  • Harkarvy, Benjamin (American choreographer and artistic director)

    Benjamin Harkarvy, American dance teacher, choreographer, and artistic director (born Dec. 16, 1930, New York, N.Y.—died March 30, 2002, New York City), had an international reputation for his eclectic approach to dance education and for his leadership of a number of renowned dance companies. At t

  • Harken Energy Corporation (American corporation)

    George W. Bush: Governor of Texas: …Bush’s sale of all his Harken stock in June 1990, just days before the company completed a second quarter with heavy losses. An investigation by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) in 1991 into the possibility of illegal insider trading (trading that takes advantage of information not available to the…

  • Harken, Dwight Emary (American surgeon)

    history of medicine: Heart surgery: …by the remarkable record of Dwight Harken, who removed 134 missiles from the chest—13 in the heart chambers—without the loss of one patient.

  • Harker, Jonathan (fictional character)

    Jonathan Harker, fictional character, an English solicitor who travels to Transylvania on business and encounters the vampire Count Dracula in Dracula, the classic horror tale by Bram

  • Harkhuf (governor of Aswan)

    Harkhuf, governor of southern Upper Egypt who journeyed extensively throughout Nubia (the modern Sudan). As attested by his tomb biography, Harkhuf, a native of Elephantine, was appointed governor of the southern part of Upper Egypt and overseer of caravans under King Merenre, third king of the 6th

  • Harkin, Tom (United States senator)

    United States presidential election of 1992: The campaign: Tom Harkin running, the major Democratic candidates skipped the Iowa caucuses. The front-runner appeared to be Clinton, but other candidates, in particular former California governor Jerry Brown and former Massachusetts senator Paul Tsongas, hoped to secure the nomination. Just before the New Hampshire primary, Clinton’s…

  • Harkins, Paul (United States general)

    Vietnam War: The conflict deepens: The USMACV commander Paul Harkins and U.S. Ambassador Frederick Nolting in particular continued to assure Washington that all was going well.

  • Harkins, William Draper (American chemist)

    William Draper Harkins, American chemist whose investigations of nuclear chemistry, particularly the structure of the nucleus, first revealed the basic process of nuclear fusion, the fundamental principle of the thermonuclear bomb. Harkins received his Ph.D. (1908) from Stanford University, Calif.,

  • Harkness, Anna M. Richardson (American philanthropist)

    Anna M. Richardson Harkness, American philanthropist, perhaps best remembered for establishing the Commonwealth Fund, which continues as a major foundation focusing largely on health services and medical education and research. Anna Richardson married Stephen V. Harkness, a businessman, in 1854. In

  • Harkness, Ned (Canadian hockey and lacrosse coach)

    Ned Harkness, (Nevin D. Harkness), Canadian hockey and lacrosse coach (born Sept. 19, 1921, Ottawa, Ont.—died Sept. 19, 2008, Rochester, N.Y.), held the distinction of becoming the first coach to win national collegiate championships in two different sports. He led teams in both ice hockey and

  • Harkness, Nevin D. (Canadian hockey and lacrosse coach)

    Ned Harkness, (Nevin D. Harkness), Canadian hockey and lacrosse coach (born Sept. 19, 1921, Ottawa, Ont.—died Sept. 19, 2008, Rochester, N.Y.), held the distinction of becoming the first coach to win national collegiate championships in two different sports. He led teams in both ice hockey and

  • Harlan (Kentucky, United States)

    Harlan, city, seat of Harlan county, southeastern Kentucky, U.S., in the Cumberland Mountains, on the Clover Fork Cumberland River. It was settled in 1819 by Virginians led by Samuel Howard and was known as Mount Pleasant until renamed in 1912 for Major Silas Harlan, who was killed during the

  • Harlan, Christiane (German actress)

    Paths of Glory: Christiane Harlan, credited as Susanne Christian, played a German captive forced to serenade French soldiers in the film’s moving conclusion; she married Kubrick after the production.

  • Harlan, John Marshall (United States jurist [1899-1971])

    John Marshall Harlan, U.S. Supreme Court justice from 1955 to 1971. He was the grandson of John Marshall Harlan, who sat on the Supreme Court from 1877 to 1911. The younger John Marshall graduated from Princeton University in 1920, took his master’s degree from the University of Oxford in 1923, and

  • Harlan, John Marshall (United States jurist [1833-1911])

    John Marshall Harlan, associate justice of the United States Supreme Court from 1877 until his death and one of the most forceful dissenters in the history of that tribunal. His best known dissents favoured the rights of blacks as guaranteed, in his view, by the post-Civil War constitutional

  • Harland and Wolff (shipbuilding firm)

    Olympic: The Belfast firm of Harland and Wolff began construction of the Olympic on December 16, 1908, with the laying of the keel. After work finished on the hull and main superstructure, the Olympic was launched on October 20, 1910. At the time of its completion in 1911, the Olympic…

  • Harland, Mary (American author)

    Mary Virginia Hawes Terhune, American writer who achieved great success with both her romantic novels and her books and columns of advice for homemakers. Mary Hawes grew up in her hometown of Dennisville, Virginia, and from 1844 in nearby Richmond. She was well educated by private tutors and in her

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