• 0-9
  • a
  • b
  • c
  • d
  • e
  • f
  • g
  • h
  • i
  • j
  • k
  • l
  • m
  • n
  • o
  • p
  • q
  • r
  • s
  • t
  • u
  • v
  • w
  • x
  • y
  • z
  • Ḥāmmah, Al- (Tunisia)

    Gabès: …(Berber) olive growers, Al-Ḥāmmah (El-Hamma), which is a trading centre of the Beni Zid nomads, and several other important oases. Pop. (2004) town, 116,323.

  • Hammāmāt, Al- (Tunisia)

    Al-Hammāmāt, fishing port and beach resort in northeastern Tunisia, situated on the Gulf of Hammamet. Al-Hammāmāt (Arabic: “bathing places”) is located on the southeast coast of the Sharīk (Cape Bon) Peninsula, on the border of Al-Sāḥil (Sahel) region, and between the Roman sites of Siagum and

  • Hammamet (Tunisia)

    Al-Hammāmāt, fishing port and beach resort in northeastern Tunisia, situated on the Gulf of Hammamet. Al-Hammāmāt (Arabic: “bathing places”) is located on the southeast coast of the Sharīk (Cape Bon) Peninsula, on the border of Al-Sāḥil (Sahel) region, and between the Roman sites of Siagum and

  • Hammami, Said (Palestinian nationalist)

    Saʿīd Ḥammāmī, Palestinian nationalist who was the London representative of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). He was known for his moderate stance and willingness to negotiate with Israel. Ḥammāmī was born in Jaffa, but his family fled when fighting erupted following Israel’s declaration

  • Ḥammāmī, Saʿīd (Palestinian nationalist)

    Saʿīd Ḥammāmī, Palestinian nationalist who was the London representative of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). He was known for his moderate stance and willingness to negotiate with Israel. Ḥammāmī was born in Jaffa, but his family fled when fighting erupted following Israel’s declaration

  • Ḥammān (bathing establishment)

    Islāmic bath, public bathing establishment developed in countries under Islāmic rule that reflects the fusion of a primitive Eastern bath tradition and the elaborate Roman bathing process. A typical bath house consists of a series of rooms, each varying in temperature according to the height and s

  • Ḥammār, Hawr al- (lake, Iraq)

    Lake Ḥammār, large swampy lake in southeastern Iraq, south of the junction of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Fed by distributaries of the Euphrates, the lake (70 miles [110 km] long; 750 square miles [1,950 square km] in area) drains via a short channel into the Shaṭṭ al-ʿArab near Basra. It was

  • Ḥammār, Lake (lake, Iraq)

    Lake Ḥammār, large swampy lake in southeastern Iraq, south of the junction of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Fed by distributaries of the Euphrates, the lake (70 miles [110 km] long; 750 square miles [1,950 square km] in area) drains via a short channel into the Shaṭṭ al-ʿArab near Basra. It was

  • Hammarskjöld, Dag (Swedish statesman and secretary-general of the United Nations)

    Dag Hammarskjöld, Swedish economist and statesman who, as the second secretary-general (1953–61) of the United Nations (UN), enhanced the prestige and effectiveness of that organization. He was posthumously awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1961. The son of Hjalmar Hammarskjöld, prime minister

  • Hammarskjöld, Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl (Swedish statesman and secretary-general of the United Nations)

    Dag Hammarskjöld, Swedish economist and statesman who, as the second secretary-general (1953–61) of the United Nations (UN), enhanced the prestige and effectiveness of that organization. He was posthumously awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1961. The son of Hjalmar Hammarskjöld, prime minister

  • Hammarskjöld, Hjalmar (Swedish statesman)

    Hjalmar Hammarskjöld, statesman who, as prime minister of Sweden, maintained his country’s neutrality during World War I. After teaching civil law at Uppsala University (1891–95), Hammarskjöld worked in the Ministry of Justice and acted as head of that ministry in 1901–02. He was appointed

  • Hammarskjöld, Knut Hjalmar Leonard (Swedish statesman)

    Hjalmar Hammarskjöld, statesman who, as prime minister of Sweden, maintained his country’s neutrality during World War I. After teaching civil law at Uppsala University (1891–95), Hammarskjöld worked in the Ministry of Justice and acted as head of that ministry in 1901–02. He was appointed

  • Hammat (hot springs, Israel)

    Tiberias: …hot springs of Tiberias (Hebrew H̱ammat or H̱amei Teverya; from ḥam, “hot”), known for over 2,000 years for their supposed medicinal qualities, and the adjacent tomb of Rabbi Meir, 2nd-century Talmudic authority, known as Rabbi Meir Baʿal ha-Nes (Rabbi Meir the Miracle-Worker). The combination of warm winter climate, thermal baths,…

  • hammer (anatomy)

    ear bone: These are the malleus, or hammer, the incus, or anvil, and the stapes, or stirrup. Together they form a short chain that crosses the middle ear and transmits vibrations caused by sound waves from the eardrum membrane to the liquid of the inner ear. The malleus resembles a…

  • hammer (tool)

    Hammer, tool designed for pounding or delivering repeated blows. Varied uses require a multiplicity of designs and weights. Hand hammers consist of a handle and striking head, with the head often made of metal with a hole in the centre to receive a wooden handle. Sometimes the entire hammer is

  • hammer (piano)

    piano: The hammers that strike the strings are affixed to a mechanism resting on the far ends of the keys; hammer and mechanism compose the “action.” The function of the mechanism is to accelerate the motion of the hammer, catch it as it rebounds from the strings,…

  • hammer drill (tool)

    drilling machinery: Percussive drilling is slower than rotary drilling but has a number of special applications, such as for shallow holes. In percussive drilling, blows are applied successively to a tool attached to rods or a cable, and the tool is rotated so that a new portion…

  • Hammer Film Productions Limited (British production company)

    Hammer Films, British production company known for its low-budget, gothic horror feature films. In 1934 theatre owner Enrique Carreras and jewelry store owner William Hinds—who also performed in variety shows under the stage name of Will Hammer—joined forces to form the film distribution company

  • Hammer Films (British production company)

    Hammer Films, British production company known for its low-budget, gothic horror feature films. In 1934 theatre owner Enrique Carreras and jewelry store owner William Hinds—who also performed in variety shows under the stage name of Will Hammer—joined forces to form the film distribution company

  • Hammer of Thor (Swedish boxer)

    Ingemar Johansson, Swedish-born world heavyweight boxing champion. While an amateur boxer, Johansson was a member of the European Golden Gloves team in 1951. He was a member of the Swedish team at the Olympic Games in 1952 but was disqualified in his semifinal round against American Ed Sanders;

  • Hammer Studios (British production company)

    Hammer Films, British production company known for its low-budget, gothic horror feature films. In 1934 theatre owner Enrique Carreras and jewelry store owner William Hinds—who also performed in variety shows under the stage name of Will Hammer—joined forces to form the film distribution company

  • hammer throw (athletics)

    Hammer throw, sport in athletics (track and field) in which a hammer is hurled for distance, using two hands within a throwing circle. The sport developed centuries ago in the British Isles. Legends trace it to the Tailteann Games held in Ireland about 2000 bce, when the Celtic hero Cú Chulainn

  • hammer toe (pathology)

    Hammertoe, deformity of the second, third, or fourth toe in which the toe is bent downward at the middle joint (the proximal interphalangeal [PIP] joint), such that the overall shape of the toe resembles a hammer. Most cases of hammertoe involve the second toe, and often only one or two toes are

  • Hammer v. Dagenhart (law case)

    Hammer v. Dagenhart, (1918), legal case in which the Supreme Court of the United States struck down the Keating-Owen Act, which had regulated child labour. The act, passed in 1916, had prohibited the interstate shipment of goods produced in factories or mines in which children under age 14 were

  • Hammer Without a Master, The (work by Boulez)

    Pierre Boulez: …voice and six instruments (1953–55; The Hammer Without a Master) has florid decorative textures that flow into one another, with voice and instruments rising and falling with apparent spontaneity.

  • Hammer’s phantom shadow (physics)

    Thermionic emission, discharge of electrons from heated materials, widely used as a source of electrons in conventional electron tubes (e.g., television picture tubes) in the fields of electronics and communications. The phenomenon was first observed (1883) by Thomas A. Edison as a passage of

  • Hammer, Armand (American businessman)

    Armand Hammer, American petroleum executive, entrepreneur, and art collector. The son of a doctor, Hammer had made his first $1,000,000 through his enterprising ventures in his father’s pharmaceutical company before receiving a medical degree from Columbia University in 1921. Journeying to Soviet

  • Hammer, Mike (fictional character)

    Mike Hammer, fictional character, a brawling, brutal private detective who is the protagonist of a series of hard-boiled mystery books (beginning with I, the Jury, 1947) by Mickey Spillane and of subsequent films and television

  • Hammer, William J. (American engineer)

    Thomas Edison: The electric light: In 1881–82 William J. Hammer, a young engineer in charge of testing the light globes, noted a blue glow around the positive pole in a vacuum bulb and a blackening of the wire and the bulb at the negative pole. This phenomenon was first called “Hammer’s phantom…

  • hammer-beam roof (architecture)

    Hammer-beam roof, English medieval timber roof system used when a long span was needed. Not a true truss, the construction is similar to corbeled masonry (see corbel) in that each set of beams steps upward (and inward) by resting on the ones below by means of curved braces and struts. The roof of

  • hammer-headed stork (bird)

    Hammerhead, (Scopus umbretta), African wading bird, the sole species of the family Scopidae (order Ciconiiformes or Pelecaniformes). The hammerhead ranges over Africa south of the Sahara and occurs on Madagascar and in southwestern Arabia. It is about 60 cm (2 feet) long, nearly uniform umber or

  • Hammer-Purgstall, Joseph von (Austrian author)

    Islamic arts: Modern criticism: Austrian scholar Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall recognized this as early as 1818, though his own translations from the three great Islamic languages are nevertheless failures.

  • Hammerclavier Sonata (work by Beethoven)

    keyboard instrument: Keyboard size and range: …built before 1800, and Beethoven’s Hammerclavier Sonata, Opus 106 (completed 1818), requires 6 12 octaves from C′ to f″″. A seven-octave range was reached before 1830, and the usual modern piano keyboard consisting of 88 keys provides the only slightly greater range of seven octaves and a third, from A″…

  • Hammerfest (Norway)

    Hammerfest, town, on the barren island of Kvaløya, in Sørøy Sound, off the northwestern coast of Norway. Chartered in 1789, it was bombarded and destroyed by two English brigs in 1809. Between 1816 and 1852 Norway, Sweden, and Russia conducted surveys in the area to establish a meridian arc

  • hammerhead (bird)

    Hammerhead, (Scopus umbretta), African wading bird, the sole species of the family Scopidae (order Ciconiiformes or Pelecaniformes). The hammerhead ranges over Africa south of the Sahara and occurs on Madagascar and in southwestern Arabia. It is about 60 cm (2 feet) long, nearly uniform umber or

  • hammerhead crane (engineering)

    cantilever: …on either side; the big hammerhead cranes (up to 300-ton capacity) used in working on ships that have proceeded from the yards to fitting-out basins have a fixed tower and revolving pivot reaching down to rotate the cantilever in a circle.

  • hammerhead shark (fish)

    Hammerhead shark, (family Sphyrnidae), any of 10 shark species belonging to the genera Sphyrna (9 species) and Eusphyrna (1 species), which are characterized by a flattened hammer- or shovel-shaped head, or cephalofoil. Hammerhead sharks, or sphyrnids, are perhaps the most distinctive and unique of

  • Hammerin’ Hank (American baseball player)

    Hank Greenberg, American professional baseball player who, as one of the game’s best hitters, won two American League (AL) Most Valuable Player (MVP) awards (1935, 1940) and became the sport’s first Jewish superstar. After a standout high-school baseball career, Greenberg was offered a contract by

  • hammering (metalwork)

    metalwork: General processes and techniques: …was familiar, for example, with hammering, embossing, chasing, inlaying, gilding, wiredrawing, and the application of niello, enamel, and gems.

  • Hammerklavier (work by Beethoven)

    fugue: History of the fugue: …the enormous finale of the Piano Sonata in B-flat Major, Opus 106 (1817–18; Hammerklavier); and in the Grosse Fuge in B-flat Major for string quartet, Opus 133 (1825–26; Great Fugue). In the Hammerklavier fugue Beethoven calls not only for multiple stretti (overlapping entrances; see below), melodic inversion (moving in the…

  • Hammerling, Rupert Johann (German poet)

    Robert Hamerling, Austrian poet remembered chiefly for his epics. After studying in Vienna, he became a teacher in Trieste (1855–66). He wrote several popular collections of lyrics, including Ein Schwanenlied der Romantik (1862; “A Swan Song of the Romantic”), which have some attractive rhythms but

  • Hammersberg, Lois (American author)

    Veronica Roth: …of the works of writer Lois Lowry, especially of Lowry’s The Giver (1993), often cited as the original young-adult dystopian novel. When Roth reached high school, she became a practicing Christian. Her path to religion was a theme that she often referenced in her novels. Prior to graduating (2010) from…

  • Hammerschmidt, Andreas (Austrian-Bohemian composer)

    Andreas Hammerschmidt, Austro-Bohemian composer whose work became an important source of music used in the Lutheran service of worship. Nothing is known of his early life, but in 1633 he was in the service of Count Rudolf von Bünau. In 1635 Hammerschmidt was organist at the Peterskirche in

  • Hammershaimb, Venceslaus Ulricus (Faroese linguist)

    Faroe Islands: History: …Faroese language by the folklorist Venceslaus Ulricus Hammershaimb. Nationalist agitation hastened the restoration of the old Faroese Lagting (a combined jury and parliament) in 1852 and the end of the trade monopoly in 1856. A Home Rule Party was formed in 1906. During World War II Great Britain controlled the…

  • Hammersmith (borough, London, United Kingdom)

    Hammersmith and Fulham, inner borough of London, England, part of the historic county of Middlesex. It lies north of the River Thames and west of Kensington and Chelsea. It was created a borough in 1965 by the amalgamation of the former metropolitan boroughs of Fulham and Hammersmith. The present

  • Hammersmith and Fulham (borough, London, United Kingdom)

    Hammersmith and Fulham, inner borough of London, England, part of the historic county of Middlesex. It lies north of the River Thames and west of Kensington and Chelsea. It was created a borough in 1965 by the amalgamation of the former metropolitan boroughs of Fulham and Hammersmith. The present

  • Hammerstein, Oscar, II (American lyricist, librettist and producer)

    Oscar Hammerstein, II, U.S. lyricist, musical comedy author, and theatrical producer influential in the development of musical comedy and known especially for his immensely successful collaboration with the composer Richard Rodgers. The grandson of the opera impresario Oscar Hammerstein, he studied

  • hammerstone (tool)

    hand tool: Hammers and hammerlike tools: …by other names, such as pounder, beetle, mallet, maul, pestle, sledge, and others. The best known of the tools that go by the name hammer is the carpenter’s claw type, but there are many others, such as riveting, boilermaker’s, bricklayer’s, blacksmith’s,

  • hammertoe (pathology)

    Hammertoe, deformity of the second, third, or fourth toe in which the toe is bent downward at the middle joint (the proximal interphalangeal [PIP] joint), such that the overall shape of the toe resembles a hammer. Most cases of hammertoe involve the second toe, and often only one or two toes are

  • Hammett (film by Wenders [1982])

    Wim Wenders: …went to Hollywood to direct Hammett, a tribute to American detective fiction writer Dashiell Hammett. Disputes between Wenders and executive producer Francis Ford Coppola resulted in the release of only a truncated version some years later. The difficulties Wenders encountered with Hammett served as inspiration for Der Stand der Dinge…

  • Hammett, Dashiell (American writer)

    Dashiell Hammett, American writer who created the hard-boiled school of detective fiction. (See detective story; hard-boiled fiction). Hammett left school at 13 and worked at a variety of low-paying jobs before working eight years as a detective for the Pinkerton agency. He served in World War I,

  • Hammett, Samuel Dashiell (American writer)

    Dashiell Hammett, American writer who created the hard-boiled school of detective fiction. (See detective story; hard-boiled fiction). Hammett left school at 13 and worked at a variety of low-paying jobs before working eight years as a detective for the Pinkerton agency. He served in World War I,

  • Hammid, Alexander (Czech filmmaker)

    Maya Deren: …her dance troupe, Deren met Alexander Hammid, a Czech filmmaker. Deren and Hammid married the next year, and in 1943 they codirected Meshes of the Afternoon. They shot the film in their own home, with Hammid serving as cinematographer and Deren playing the central character (Hammid appears in a smaller…

  • Hamming code (communications)

    telecommunication: The Hamming code: Another simple example of an FEC code is known as the Hamming code. This code is able to protect a four-bit information signal from a single error on the channel by adding three redundant bits to the signal. Each sequence of seven bits…

  • Hamming, Richard Wesley (American mathematician)

    Richard Wesley Hamming, American mathematician. Hamming received a doctorate in mathematics from the University of Illinois. In 1945 he was the chief mathematician for the Manhattan Project. After World War II, he joined Claude E. Shannon at Bell Laboratories, where in 1950 he invented Hamming

  • hammock (furniture)

    Central American and northern Andean Indian: Traditional culture patterns: The hammock apparently originated in this area and was widespread; little other furniture was used. Houses varied considerably in size and shape, although virtually all had palm-thatched roofs and walls of thatch or adobe. A wide variety of baskets was made, usually by women; bark cloth…

  • Hammond (Indiana, United States)

    Hammond, city, Lake county, northwestern Indiana, U.S. It is located in the Calumet industrial complex between Chicago and Gary, on the Grand Calumet River, near Lake Michigan. It was founded in 1869 when George Hammond, a pioneer in the shipping of refrigerated beef, established with Marcus Towle

  • Hammond Clock Company (American company)

    Laurens Hammond: …1937, later (1953) becoming the Hammond Organ Company. Although he was not a musician, Hammond became fascinated early in 1933 with the sounds emanating from the phonograph turntables in his laboratory. He and his engineers began to explore the possibilities of producing conventional musical tones by electric synthesis. By the…

  • Hammond Innes, Ralph (British author)

    Ralph Hammond Innes, English novelist and traveler known for adventure stories in which suspense and foreign locations are prominent features. Hammond Innes began his career in teaching and publishing. He worked for the newspaper Financial News from 1934 to 1940 and served in the British Royal

  • Hammond Instrument Company (American company)

    Laurens Hammond: …1937, later (1953) becoming the Hammond Organ Company. Although he was not a musician, Hammond became fascinated early in 1933 with the sounds emanating from the phonograph turntables in his laboratory. He and his engineers began to explore the possibilities of producing conventional musical tones by electric synthesis. By the…

  • Hammond organ (musical instrument)

    electronic organ: …the electronic organs is the Hammond organ, a sophisticated instrument having two manuals, or keyboards, and a set of pedals operated by the feet. It was patented by its American inventor Laurens Hammond in 1934. Unlike most other instruments of its type, it produces its sound through a complex set…

  • Hammond Organ Company (American company)

    Laurens Hammond: …1937, later (1953) becoming the Hammond Organ Company. Although he was not a musician, Hammond became fascinated early in 1933 with the sounds emanating from the phonograph turntables in his laboratory. He and his engineers began to explore the possibilities of producing conventional musical tones by electric synthesis. By the…

  • Hammond, Albert, Jr. (American musician)

    the Strokes: Guitarist Albert Hammond, Jr. (b. April 9, 1980, Los Angeles, California)—the son of British singer-songwriter Albert Hammond—and bassist Nikolai Fraiture (b. November 13, 1978, New York City) joined shortly thereafter, solidifying the Strokes as a quintet in 1999.

  • Hammond, Aleqa (prime minister of Greenland)

    Greenland: History: …Greenland’s first female prime minister, Aleqa Hammond, whose government placed a moratorium on granting licences for oil exploration and began requiring royalty payments from foreign concerns before they began mining. (Kleist’s government had planned to allow foreign firms to defer payments until some startup costs could be recouped.) Hammond’s government…

  • Hammond, Brean (professor)

    Double Falsehood: …has been thoroughly reviewed by Brean Hammond, a professor of English literature at the University of Nottingham, in his edition of Double Falsehood for The Arden Shakespeare (2010). In that volume Hammond expresses his conviction that Shakespeare was co-dramatist with Fletcher. At the same time, Hammond allows Double Falsehood to…

  • Hammond, James H. (American politician)

    John C. Calhoun: Legacy: After Calhoun’s death, his protégé, James H. Hammond, said that

  • Hammond, John (American recording executive)

    John Hammond, American record producer, promoter, talent scout, and music critic who discovered and promoted several major figures of popular music, from Count Basie and Billie Holiday in the 1930s to Bob Dylan and Bruce Springsteen during the rock era. A tireless crusader for racial integration in

  • Hammond, John Hays (American engineer)

    John Hays Hammond, U.S. mining engineer who helped develop gold mining in South Africa and California. In 1880 he was engaged by the U.S. Geological Survey for a study of the California goldfields; afterward, as a consulting engineer, he visited most of the countries of North and South America.

  • Hammond, John Hays, Jr. (American inventor)

    John Hays Hammond, Jr., U.S. inventor whose development of radio remote control served as the basis for modern missile guidance systems. Son of the noted U.S. mining engineer John Hays Hammond, he established the Hammond Radio Research Laboratory in 1911. By the beginning of World War I, he had not

  • Hammond, John Henry, Jr. (American recording executive)

    John Hammond, American record producer, promoter, talent scout, and music critic who discovered and promoted several major figures of popular music, from Count Basie and Billie Holiday in the 1930s to Bob Dylan and Bruce Springsteen during the rock era. A tireless crusader for racial integration in

  • Hammond, Laurens (American inventor)

    Laurens Hammond, American businessman and inventor of the electronic keyboard instrument known as the Hammond organ. Hammond’s early education took place in Europe, where the family had moved in 1898. Returning to the United States, Hammond attended Cornell University where he received a degree

  • Hammond, Philip (British politician)

    Philip Hammond, British Conservative Party politician who served as foreign minister (2014–16) under Prime Minister David Cameron and chancellor of the Exchequer (2016– ) under Prime Minister Theresa May. After graduating (1977) from University College, Oxford, with a first-class degree in

  • Hammond, Ralph (British author)

    Ralph Hammond Innes, English novelist and traveler known for adventure stories in which suspense and foreign locations are prominent features. Hammond Innes began his career in teaching and publishing. He worked for the newspaper Financial News from 1934 to 1940 and served in the British Royal

  • Hammond, Suzanne Janet (American neuroscientist)

    Suzanne Corkin, (Suzanne Janet Hammond), American neuroscientist (born May 18, 1937, Hartford, Conn.—died May 24, 2016, Danvers, Mass.), undertook a decadeslong study of “patient H.M.,” a man (Henry Molaison) who in 1953 underwent brain surgery that entailed the removal of portions of the medial

  • Hammond, Walter Reginald (English cricketer)

    Walter Reginald Hammond, English cricketer and former team captain (1939–46) who broke many records during his career as one of the country’s finest batsmen. He made his first appearance for Gloucestershire in 1920 and joined the English national team three years later. He scored 7,249 runs and

  • Hammondsport (New York, United States)

    Hammondsport, village, in the town (township) of Urbana, Steuben county, southern New York, U.S. It lies at the south end of Keuka Lake (one of the Finger Lakes), 20 miles (32 km) north-northwest of Corning. In 1829 a local resident, William Bostwick, planted the first grapevine in the area, which

  • Ḥammūda Bey (ruler of Tunisia)

    Ḥusaynid dynasty: Ḥammūda Bey (reigned 1782–1814) severed ties with Venice after its attacks on the Tunisian coastal towns of Sousse (1784) and La Goulette (1785). He also faced two Algerian invasions (1807; 1813) and a revolt of the Janissaries in 1811, which forced him to disband the…

  • Ḥammūdid dynasty (Berber dynasty)

    Ḥammūdid dynasty, in Spain, Muslim Berber dynasty, one of the party kingdoms (ṭāʾifahs) that emerged during the decline of the Umayyad caliphate of Córdoba early in the 11th century. The Ḥammūdids ruled Málaga (1022–57) and Algeciras (1039–58). In 1013 the Umayyad caliph Sulaymān al-Mustaʿīn

  • Hammurabi (king of Babylonia)

    Hammurabi, sixth and best-known ruler of the 1st (Amorite) dynasty of Babylon (reigning c. 1792–1750 bce), noted for his surviving set of laws, once considered the oldest promulgation of laws in human history. See Hammurabi, Code of. Like all the kings of his dynasty except his father and

  • Hammurabi, Code of (Babylonian laws)

    Code of Hammurabi, the most complete and perfect extant collection of Babylonian laws, developed during the reign of Hammurabi (1792–1750 bce) of the 1st dynasty of Babylon. It consists of his legal decisions that were collected toward the end of his reign and inscribed on a diorite stela set up in

  • Hammurapi (king of Babylonia)

    Hammurabi, sixth and best-known ruler of the 1st (Amorite) dynasty of Babylon (reigning c. 1792–1750 bce), noted for his surviving set of laws, once considered the oldest promulgation of laws in human history. See Hammurabi, Code of. Like all the kings of his dynasty except his father and

  • Hamon, Pierre (French calligrapher)

    calligraphy: Writing manuals and copybooks (16th to 18th century): In 1567 Pierre Hamon, secretary and royal writing master to Charles IX of France, published the first copybook printed from engraved metal plates, Alphabet de plusiers sortes de lettres (“Alphabet of Several Sorts of Letters”). Although this title echoes the title of Cresci’s 1560 book, the works…

  • Hamor the Hivite (biblical figure)

    Dinah: …Shechem, by Shechem, son of Hamor the Hivite (the Hivites were a Canaanitish people). Because Shechem then wished to marry Dinah, Hamor suggested to Jacob that their two peoples initiate a policy of commercial and social intercourse. Dinah’s brothers Simeon and Levi pretended to agree to the marriage and the…

  • Hamp (American musician)

    Lionel Hampton, American jazz musician and bandleader, known for the rhythmic vitality of his playing and his showmanship as a performer. Best known for his work on the vibraphone, Hampton was also a skilled drummer, pianist, and singer. As a boy, Hampton lived with his mother in Kentucky and

  • Hampden (county, Massachusetts, United States)

    Hampden, county, southwestern Massachusetts, U.S., bordered by Connecticut to the south. The county’s terrain is characterized by mountains in the west and by ridges and valleys in the east, bisected north-south by the Connecticut River. Other watercourses include the Chicopee and Westfield rivers

  • Hampden, John (English political leader)

    John Hampden, English Parliamentary leader famous for his opposition to King Charles I over ship money, an episode in the controversies that ultimately led to the English Civil Wars. A first cousin of Oliver Cromwell, Hampden was educated at the University of Oxford and the Inner Temple, London,

  • Hampden, Walter (American actor)

    Walter Hampden, American actor, theatre manager, and repertory producer. Hampden attended Harvard briefly but graduated from Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute. After a year’s study of singing, dancing, speech, and playing the cello in France, Hampden joined Sir Frank Benson’s company in England, where

  • Hampel, Anton (German musician)

    wind instrument: Trumpet-type aerophones: …thanks to the Bohemian hornist Anton Hampel, was later applied to the trumpet.

  • Hämpfeli Lieder, E (work by Burckhardt)

    Jacob Burckhardt: Works: …Alemannic dialect may be noted: E Hämpfeli Lieder (1853; “The Jumping Jack Songs”).

  • Hampshire (county, England, United Kingdom)

    Hampshire, administrative, geographic, and historic county of south-central England. It is bounded to the west by Dorset and Wiltshire, to the north by Berkshire, to the east by Surrey and West Sussex, and to the south by the English Channel. The administrative, geographic, and historic counties

  • Hampshire (breed of sheep)

    Hampshire, breed of medium-wool, dark-faced, hornless sheep originating in Hampshire, England. It is large and blocky and, as a superior mutton breed, is noted for its early maturity. It is one of the most popular meat breeds in the United States, where it is raised extensively for market-lamb

  • Hampshire (breed of pig)

    Hampshire, breed of pig developed in the United States from the Wessex Saddleback and other varieties first imported from England around 1825; in the late 20th century it was one of the predominant breeds in the U.S. The trim, fine-coated Hampshire is black with a white saddle, which includes the

  • Hampshire (county, Massachusetts, United States)

    Hampshire, county, west-central Massachusetts, U.S. It consists of a mountainous, forested region adjoining Quabbin Reservoir on the northeast and bisected north-south by the Connecticut River. Other watercourses include The Oxbow (lake), Tighe Carmody Reservoir, and the Westfield and Chicopee

  • Hampshire Avon (river, southern England, United Kingdom)

    River Avon, river that rises 3 miles (5 km) east of Devizes, Wiltshire, England, on the north side of the Vale of Pewsey and flows generally southward for 48 miles (77 km) to the English Channel. The river shares the name Avon (derived from a Celtic word meaning “river”) with several other rivers

  • Hampshire Basin (marine basin, Europe)

    Tertiary Period: Sedimentary sequences: The marine Hampshire and London basins, the Paris Basin, the Anglo-Belgian Basin, and the North German Basin have become the standard for comparative studies of the Paleogene part of the Cenozoic, whereas the Mediterranean region (Italy) has become the standard for the Neogene. The Tertiary record of…

  • Hampshire Downs (hills, England, United Kingdom)

    West Berkshire: … on the north and the Hampshire Downs on the south; the Downs are composed of chalk and rise to elevations of 600 to 800 feet (185 to 245 metres). The Downs have occasional clumps of beech, and cereal grains (especially barley) are grown there. The Kennet valley itself is devoted…

  • Hampshire, Stuart (British philosopher)

    Sir Stuart Newton Hampshire, British philosopher (born Oct. 1, 1914, Healing, Lincolnshire, Eng.—died June 13, 2004, Oxford, Eng.), brought aesthetics, politics, and psychology to bear on the philosophy of mind. Hampshire was educated at Repton School and Balliol College, Oxford. He took a f

  • Hampson, Sharon (Canadian singer)

    Sharon, Lois & Bram: …of children’s performers: the singer Sharon Hampson (born March 31, 1943, in Toronto, Ontario), singer and pianist Lois Lilienstein (born July 10, 1936, in Chicago, Illinois; died April 22, 2015, in Toronto), and singer and guitarist Bram Morrison (born December 18, 1940, in Toronto). Thanks to the popularity of their…

  • Hampstead (area, London, United Kingdom)

    Camden: Hampstead was a village in Anglo-Saxon times; in the 10th century ce its manor was bestowed on the monastery at Westminster. In 1086 St. Pancras was held by St. Paul’s Cathedral and divided into the manors of Pancras, Tothele (Totenhall), and Rugmere and a portion…

  • Hampstead (film by Hopkins [2017])

    Diane Keaton: …starred in the romantic comedies Hampstead (2017) and Book Club (2018). In Poms (2019) she played a terminally ill woman who forms a cheerleading squad in her retirement community.

  • Your preference has been recorded
    Check out Britannica's new site for parents!
    Subscribe Today!