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  • hydrops (medical disorder)

    Edema, in medicine, an abnormal accumulation of watery fluid in the intercellular spaces of connective tissue. Edematous tissues are swollen and, when punctured, secrete a thin incoagulable fluid. This fluid is essentially an ultrafiltrate of serum but also contains small amounts of protein. Minor

  • hydrops fetalis (pathology)

    erythroblastosis fetalis: Hydrops fetalis, which is characterized by extreme edema (abnormal accumulation of serous fluid) and congestive heart failure, is the most severe form of the disease in newborns. Usually the infant dies, unless an exchange transfusion in which the Rh-positive blood of the infant is replaced…

  • Hydroptilidae (insect)

    caddisfly: General features: …family (Hydroptilidae), commonly known as microcaddis, are only 1.5 millimetres in length, with anterior wings of 2 to 5 millimetres. Caddisfly wings either are covered with hairs or have hairs on the veins. The posterior wings are often broader than the anterior wings.

  • hydroquinone (chemical compound)

    Hydroquinone, colourless, crystalline organic compound formed by chemical reduction of benzoquinone. See

  • Hydroscaphidae (insect)

    coleopteran: Annotated classification: Family Hydroscaphidae (skiff beetles) Size about 1.5 mm; found in algae on rocks in streams; sometimes placed in Staphylinoidea; generic example Hydroscapha; widely distributed. Family Lepiceridae (toadlet beetles) A few Central American species. Family Sphaeriusidae (

  • hydrosilation (chemistry)

    organometallic compound: Hydrometallation: …hydrometallation reactions are hydroboration and hydrosilation, illustrated, respectively, by the following examples.

  • hydroskeleton (invertebrate anatomy)

    animal: Types of skeletons and their distribution: Hydrostatic skeletons are the most prevalent skeletal system used by animals for movement and support. A minimal hydroskeleton resembles a closed container. The walls are two layers of muscles (antagonists) oriented at right angles to one another; the inside contains an incompressible fluid or gel.…

  • hydroskimming refinery (industry)

    petroleum refining: Topping and hydroskimming refineries: …results in a more flexible hydroskimming refinery, which can also produce desulfurized distillate fuels and high-octane gasoline. Still, these refineries may produce up to half of their output as residual fuel oil, and they face increasing economic hardship as the demand for high-sulfur fuel oils declines.

  • hydrosol (chemistry)

    sol: …colloid may be called a hydrosol; and if air, an aerosol. Lyophobic (Greek: “liquid-hating”) sols are characterized by particles that are not strongly attracted to molecules of the dispersion medium and that are relatively easily coagulated and precipitated. Lyophilic (“liquid-loving”) sols are more stable and more closely resemble true solutions.…

  • hydrosphere (Earth science)

    Hydrosphere, discontinuous layer of water at or near Earth’s surface. It includes all liquid and frozen surface waters, groundwater held in soil and rock, and atmospheric water vapour. Water is the most abundant substance at the surface of Earth. About 1.4 billion cubic km (326 million cubic miles)

  • Hydrostachyaceae (plant family)

    Hydrostachyaceae, plant family in the order Cornales, composed of a single genus (Hydrostachys) of some 20 species. Most members of the family are aquatic herbs native to central and southern Africa and Madagascar. The leaves form rosettes that can be highly divided and usually have small scaly or

  • Hydrostachys (plant genus)

    Hydrostachyaceae: …of a single genus (Hydrostachys) of some 20 species. Most members of the family are aquatic herbs native to central and southern Africa and Madagascar. The leaves form rosettes that can be highly divided and usually have small scaly or fringed appendages. The unisexual flowers are very small and…

  • hydrostatic balance (meteorology)

    climate: Characteristics: The atmosphere is mainly in hydrostatic balance, or equilibrium, between the upward-directed pressure gradient force and the downward-directed force of gravity. This circumstance is expressed in the following relationship: ∂p/∂z = –ρg (1) where ∂p/∂z is the partial derivative of p with respect to z, p is the pressure,

  • hydrostatic concept (physiology)

    human ear: Detection of angular acceleration: dynamic equilibrium: …Friedrich Goltz formulated the “hydrostatic concept” in 1870 to explain the working of the semicircular canals. He postulated that the canals are stimulated by the weight of the fluid they contain, the pressure it exerts varying with the head position. In 1873 Austrian scientists Ernst Mach and Josef Breuer…

  • hydrostatic equation (physics)

    ocean current: Pressure gradients: This is called the hydrostatic equation, which is a good approximation for the equation of motion for forces acting along the vertical. Horizontal differences in density (due to variations of temperature and salinity) measured along a specific depth cause the hydrostatic pressure to vary along a horizontal plane or…

  • hydrostatic film

    bearing: …this is known as a hydrostatic film.

  • hydrostatic pressure (physics)

    fluid mechanics: Basic properties of fluids: …arises when adjacent layers of fluid slip over one another. It follows that the shear stresses are everywhere zero in a fluid at rest and in equilibrium, and from this it follows that the pressure (that is, force per unit area) acting perpendicular to all planes in the fluid is…

  • hydrostatic skeleton (invertebrate anatomy)

    animal: Types of skeletons and their distribution: Hydrostatic skeletons are the most prevalent skeletal system used by animals for movement and support. A minimal hydroskeleton resembles a closed container. The walls are two layers of muscles (antagonists) oriented at right angles to one another; the inside contains an incompressible fluid or gel.…

  • hydrostatics (physics)

    Hydrostatics, Branch of physics that deals with the characteristics of fluids at rest, particularly with the pressure in a fluid or exerted by a fluid (gas or liquid) on an immersed body. In applications, the principles of hydrostatics are used for problems relating to pressure in deep water

  • hydrosulfuric acid (chemical compound)

    chemical compound: Acids: …water are called hydrocyanic and hydrosulfuric acids, respectively.

  • hydrotherapy (medicine)

    Hydrotherapy, external use of water in the medical treatment of disease and injury. Its primary value is as a medium for application or reduction of heat. Wet heat helps relieve pain and improves circulation; it also promotes relaxation and rest and, in some mental disturbances, may be used to

  • hydrothermal metamorphism (geology)

    metamorphism: …than one metamorphic event; and hydrothermal metamorphism, the changes that occur in the presence of water at high temperature and pressure which affect the resulting mineralogy and rate of reaction.

  • hydrothermal mineral deposit (geology)

    Hydrothermal mineral deposit, any concentration of metallic minerals formed by the precipitation of solids from hot mineral-laden water (hydrothermal solution). The solutions are thought to arise in most cases from the action of deeply circulating water heated by magma. Other sources of heating

  • hydrothermal ore deposit (geology)

    Hydrothermal mineral deposit, any concentration of metallic minerals formed by the precipitation of solids from hot mineral-laden water (hydrothermal solution). The solutions are thought to arise in most cases from the action of deeply circulating water heated by magma. Other sources of heating

  • hydrothermal solution (geology)

    mineral deposit: Hydrothermal solution: Hydrothermal mineral deposits are those in which hot water serves as a concentrating, transporting, and depositing agent. They are the most numerous of all classes of deposit.

  • hydrothermal vent (geology)

    Deep-sea vent, hydrothermal (hot-water) vent formed on the ocean floor when seawater circulates through hot volcanic rocks, often located where new oceanic crust is being formed. Vents also occur on submarine volcanoes. In either case, the hot solution emerging into cold seawater precipitates

  • Hydrothyria venosa (lichen)

    fungus: Basic features of lichens: …frequent rainfall; two foliose lichens, Hydrothyria venosa and Dermatocarpon fluviatile, grow on rocks in freshwater streams of North America. Fruticose (stalked) thalli and filamentous forms prefer to utilize water in vapour form and are prevalent in humid, foggy areas such as seacoasts and mountainous regions of the tropics.

  • hydrotreating (chemical process)

    petroleum refining: Hydrogen treatment: Hydrogen processes, commonly known as hydrotreating, are the most common processes for removing sulfur and nitrogen impurities. The oil is combined with high-purity hydrogen, vapourized, and then passed over a catalyst such as tungsten, nickel, or a mixture of cobalt and molybdenum oxides supported on an alumina base. Operating temperatures…

  • hydrotropism (biology)

    tropism: …chemotropism (response to particular substances), hydrotropism (response to water), thigmotropism (response to mechanical stimulation), traumatotropism (response to wound lesion), and galvanotropism, or electrotropism (response to electric current). Most tropic movements are orthotropic; i.e., they are directed toward the source of the stimulus. Plagiotropic

  • hydrous mica (mineral)

    Hydrous mica, any of the illite group of clay minerals, including illite, bramallite (a sodium illite), and glauconite. They are structurally related to the micas; glauconite is also a member of the common-mica group. The hydrous micas predominate in shales and mudstones, but they also occur in

  • hydroxamic acid (chemical compound)

    carboxylic acid: Related compounds: hydroxamic acids, and acyl azides. These compounds are formally derived from carboxylic acids and, respectively, hydrazine (NH2NH2), hydroxylamine (NH2OH), and hydrazoic acid (HN3). Imides are compounds with two RCO groups on a single

  • hydroxide (chemical compound)

    Hydroxide, any chemical compound containing one or more groups, each comprising one atom each of oxygen and hydrogen bonded together and functioning as the negatively charged ion OH-. The positively charged portion of the compound usually is the ion of a metal (e.g., sodium, magnesium, or

  • hydroxide ion (chemistry)

    acid–base reaction: Hydrogen and hydroxide ions: …associated with the presence of hydroxide ions (OH−) in aqueous solution, and the neutralization of acids by bases could be explained in terms of the reaction of these two ions to give the neutral molecule water (H+ + OH− → H2O). This led naturally to the simple definition that acids…

  • hydroxide mineral

    mineral deposit: Oxides and hydroxides: Oxides and hydroxides are a large and diverse group of ore minerals. The major ore minerals of the geochemically abundant metals aluminum, iron, manganese, and titanium are either oxides or hydroxides, while the oxide-forming scarce metals are chromium, tin, tungsten, tantalum, niobium, and uranium.…

  • hydroxy acid (chemical compound)

    carboxylic acid: Hydroxy and keto acids: The 2-, 3-, 4-, and 5-hydroxycarboxylic acids all lose water upon heating, although the products are not the same. The 2-hydroxy acids form cyclic dimeric esters (formed by the esterification of two molecules of the acid) called lactides, whereas the 3-…

  • hydroxy group (chemistry)

    alcohol: Physical properties of alcohols: …properties because water molecules contain hydroxyl groups that can form hydrogen bonds with other water molecules and with alcohol molecules, and likewise alcohol molecules can form hydrogen bonds with other alcohol molecules as well as with water. Because alcohols form hydrogen bonds with water, they tend to be relatively soluble…

  • β-hydroxyacyl coenzyme A (enzyme)

    metabolism: Fragmentation of fatty acyl coenzyme A molecules: The product, called a β-hydroxyacyl coenzyme A, can again be oxidized in an enzyme-catalyzed reaction [24]; the electrons removed are accepted by NAD+. The product is called a β-ketoacyl coenzyme A.

  • hydroxyapatite (mineral)

    Hydroxylapatite, phosphate mineral, calcium hydroxide phosphate [Ca5(PO4)3OH], that forms glassy, often green crystals and masses. It is seldom pure in nature but often occurs mixed with fluorapatite, in which fluorine substitutes for the hydroxyl (OH) group in the molecule. This mixture, called a

  • hydroxybenzene (chemistry)

    Carbolic acid, simplest member of the phenol family of organic compounds. See

  • β-hydroxybutyraldehyde (chemical compound)

    aldehyde: Aldol reaction: Another important reaction of a carbon nucleophile with an aldehyde is the aldol reaction (also called aldol condensation), which takes place when any aldehyde possessing at least one α-hydrogen is treated with sodium hydroxide or sometimes with another base. The product of an…

  • β-hydroxybutyryl-S-ACP (chemical compound)

    metabolism: Fatty acids: …for example, undergoes reduction to β-hydroxybutyryl-S-ACP (reaction [65]); the reaction is catalyzed by β-ketoacyl-ACP reductase. Reduced NADP+ is the electron donor, however, and not reduced NAD+ (which would participate in the reversal of reaction [24]). NADP− is thus a product in [65].

  • hydroxychloroquine (drug)

    chloroquine: Chloroquine is closely related to hydroxychloroquine, another type of quinoline derivative. Hydroxychloroquine is also used in the treatment of malaria and inflammatory rheumatic diseases. Hydroxychloroquine has many of the same side effects as chloroquine, including an elevated risk of retinopathy, but generally is considered to be less toxic.

  • hydroxyethyl moiety (chemistry)

    metabolism: The oxidation of pyruvate: The hydroxyethyl moiety formed in [34] is immediately transferred to one of the two sulfur atoms (S) of the coenzyme (6,8-dithio-n-octanoate or lipS2) of the second enzyme in the complex, dihydrolipoyl transacetylase (enzyme 2). The hydroxyethyl group attaches to lipS2 at one of its sulfur atoms,…

  • hydroxyl (chemistry)

    alcohol: Physical properties of alcohols: …properties because water molecules contain hydroxyl groups that can form hydrogen bonds with other water molecules and with alcohol molecules, and likewise alcohol molecules can form hydrogen bonds with other alcohol molecules as well as with water. Because alcohols form hydrogen bonds with water, they tend to be relatively soluble…

  • hydroxyl group (chemistry)

    alcohol: Physical properties of alcohols: …properties because water molecules contain hydroxyl groups that can form hydrogen bonds with other water molecules and with alcohol molecules, and likewise alcohol molecules can form hydrogen bonds with other alcohol molecules as well as with water. Because alcohols form hydrogen bonds with water, they tend to be relatively soluble…

  • hydroxyl radical (chemistry)

    alcohol: Physical properties of alcohols: …properties because water molecules contain hydroxyl groups that can form hydrogen bonds with other water molecules and with alcohol molecules, and likewise alcohol molecules can form hydrogen bonds with other alcohol molecules as well as with water. Because alcohols form hydrogen bonds with water, they tend to be relatively soluble…

  • hydroxylamine (chemical compound)

    Hydroxylamine, (NH2OH), an oxygenated derivative of ammonia, used in the synthesis of oximes from aldehydes and ketones. Oximes are reduced easily to amines, which are used in the manufacture of dyes, plastics, synthetic fibres, and medicinals; the oxime of cyclohexanone can be converted to its

  • hydroxylapatite (mineral)

    Hydroxylapatite, phosphate mineral, calcium hydroxide phosphate [Ca5(PO4)3OH], that forms glassy, often green crystals and masses. It is seldom pure in nature but often occurs mixed with fluorapatite, in which fluorine substitutes for the hydroxyl (OH) group in the molecule. This mixture, called a

  • hydroxylation (chemical process)

    industrial glass: From the gaseous state: …making of silica glass by hydroxylation. In the hydroxylation technique, vapours of silicon tetrachloride (SiCl4) are reacted at high temperatures with steam (H2O), causing a “soot” of silica (SiO2) to deposit on cooler substrates. The soot is subsequently sintered to a dense glass. (A practical application of this technique involving…

  • hydroxylysine (chemical compound)

    Hydroxylysine, glycogenic amino acid uniquely found in collagen, the chief structural protein of mammalian skin and connective tissue, and in some similar structural plant proteins. The hydroxyl group of hydroxylysine forms a chemical bond with sugars, attaching galactose monosaccharides and

  • hydroxymethoxybenzaldehyde (biochemistry)

    chemical compound: Aromatic hydrocarbons (arenes): vanillin, for example, have pleasant aromas.

  • hydroxynaphthalene (chemical compound)

    Naphthol, either of two colourless, crystalline organic compounds derived from naphthalene and belonging to the phenol family; each has the molecular formula C10H7OH. Both compounds have long been identified with the manufacture of dyes and dye intermediates; they also have important uses in other

  • hydroxyproline (chemical compound)

    Hydroxyproline, an amino acid formed upon hydrolysis of connective-tissue proteins such as collagen (about 14 percent by weight) and elastin but rarely from other proteins. First isolated (1902) from gelatin, a breakdown product of collagen, hydroxyproline is one of several so-called nonessential

  • α-hydroxypropionic acid (chemical compound)

    Lactic acid, an organic compound belonging to the family of carboxylic acids, present in certain plant juices, in the blood and muscles of animals, and in the soil. It is the commonest acidic constituent of fermented milk products such as sour milk, cheese, and buttermilk. First isolated in 1780 by

  • hydroxysodalite (mineral)

    sodalite: hydroxysodalite (hydroxide substitutes for chloride), nosean (containing sulfide and water), and haüynite (containing sulfide and having calcium partially replacing sodium). Nosean, found as gray, brown, or blue rounded grains containing inclusions, is a common constituent of volcanic ejecta. Haüynite (haüyne) varies in colour from white…

  • hydroxytryptamine (biochemistry)

    Serotonin, a chemical substance that is derived from the amino acid tryptophan. It occurs in the brain, intestinal tissue, blood platelets, and mast cells and is a constituent of many venoms, including wasp venom and toad venom. Serotonin is a potent vasoconstrictor and functions as a

  • hydroxytyramine (chemical compound)

    Dopamine, a nitrogen-containing organic compound formed as an intermediate compound from dihydroxyphenylalanine (dopa) during the metabolism of the amino acid tyrosine. It is the precursor of the hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine. Dopamine also functions as a neurotransmitter—primarily by

  • hydroxyurea (drug)

    drug: Anticancer drugs: Hydroxyurea inhibits the enzyme ribonucleotide reductase, an important element in DNA synthesis. It is used to reduce the high granulocyte count found in chronic myelocytic leukemia. Asparaginase breaks down the amino acid asparagine to aspartic acid and ammonia. Some cancer cells, particularly in certain forms…

  • Hydrozoa (cnidarian class)

    Hydroid, any member of the invertebrate class Hydrozoa (phylum Cnidaria). Most hydroids inhabit marine environments, but some have invaded freshwater habitats. Hydroids may be either solitary or colonial, and there are about 3,700 known species. Hydroids have three basic life-cycle stages: (1) a

  • Hydruntum (Italy)

    Otranto, town and archiepiscopal see, Puglia (Apulia) region, southeastern Italy, on the east coast of the Salentine Peninsula (the “heel” of Italy), on the Strait of Otranto (40 miles [64 km] wide), opposite Albania. It is the easternmost town in Italy and is an old port of communication with

  • Hydrurga leptonyx (mammal)

    Leopard seal, (Hydrurga leptonyx), generally solitary, earless seal (family Phocidae) that inhabits Antarctic and sub-Antarctic regions. The only seal that feeds on penguins, young seals, and other warm-blooded prey, the leopard seal is a slender animal with a relatively long head and long,

  • Hydrus (Italy)

    Otranto, town and archiepiscopal see, Puglia (Apulia) region, southeastern Italy, on the east coast of the Salentine Peninsula (the “heel” of Italy), on the Strait of Otranto (40 miles [64 km] wide), opposite Albania. It is the easternmost town in Italy and is an old port of communication with

  • Hydrus (astronomy)

    Hydrus, (Greek: “Water Snake”) constellation in the southern sky at about 2 hours right ascension and 70° south in declination. Its brightest star is Beta Hydri, with a magnitude of 2.8. This constellation was invented by Pieter Dircksz Keyser, a navigator who joined the first Dutch expedition to

  • Hyele (ancient city, Italy)

    Elea, ancient city in Lucania, Italy, about 25 miles southeast of Paestum; home of the Eleatic school of philosophers, including Parmenides and Zeno. The city was founded about 535 bc by Phocaean Greek refugees on land seized from the native Oenotrians. Unlike other Greek cities in Italy, Elea was

  • Hyemoschus (mammal genus)
  • Hyemoschus aquaticus (mammal)

    chevrotain: The water chevrotain (Hyemoschus aquaticus), larger than the Asian forms, is found in western equatorial Africa. It inhabits thick cover on the banks of rivers and, when disturbed, seeks escape in the water. While some taxonomies place all Indian chevrotains in the species Moschiola meminna, others…

  • hyena (mammal)

    Hyena, (family Hyaenidae), any of three species of coarse-furred, doglike carnivores found in Asia and Africa and noted for their scavenging habits. Hyenas have long forelegs and a powerful neck and shoulders for dismembering and carrying prey. Hyenas are tireless trotters with excellent sight,

  • hyena dog (mammal)

    African wild dog, (Lycaon pictus), wild African carnivore that differs from the rest of the members of the dog family (Canidae) in having only four toes on each foot. Its coat is short, sparse, and irregularly blotched with yellow, black, and white. The African wild dog is about 76–102 cm (30–41

  • Hyenia (fossil plant genus)

    Hyenia, genus of herbaceous plants from the Middle Devonian Epoch (about 398 to 385 million years ago). Hyenia grew as a robust rhizome up to 5 cm (2 inches) in diameter and parallel to the soil surface. Upright branches up to 15 cm (about 6 inches) in height arose from the rhizome in a low spiral.

  • Hyeniaceae (fossil plant family)

    Equisetopsida: Annotated classification: …leaves in whorls; 1 family: Hyeniaceae (now placed with the Polypodiopsida—true ferns—by some paleobotanists). †Order Pseudoborniales One family, Pseudoborniaceae, with a single extinct species, Pseudobornia ursina; 15 to 20 metres (50 to 65 feet) tall. †Order Sphenophyllales

  • Hyeniales (fossil plant order)

    Equisetopsida: Annotated classification: †Order Hyeniales (Protoarticulatae) Extinct shrublike plants, with short, forked leaves in whorls; 1 family: Hyeniaceae (now placed with the Polypodiopsida—true ferns—by some paleobotanists). †Order Pseudoborniales One family, Pseudoborniaceae, with a single extinct species,

  • Hyer, Martha (American actress)

    Some Came Running: …both “good girl” Gwen (Martha Hyer) and the fun-loving Ginnie (MacLaine). Hirsh ultimately marries Ginnie, but their happiness is short-lived, as her ex-boyfriend (Steven Peck) returns and fatally shoots her.

  • Hyères (spa, France)

    Hyères, oldest and most southerly resort and spa on the French Riviera, in the Var département, Provence–Alpes–Côte d’Azur région, east of Toulon. The new town of Hyères, sometimes called Hyères-les-Palmiers because of the beautiful palm trees in its wide avenues, is situated 3 miles (5 km) from

  • Hyesan (North Korea)

    Hyesan, city, capital of Yanggang do (province), northern North Korea. As a frontier city lying on the upper stream of the Yalu (Amnok) River, it was a fortress during the Chosŏn dynasty (1392–1910), under the name of Hyesanjin. In winter it is one of the coldest places in the country; a

  • Hygiea (asteroid)

    asteroid: Size and albedo: …km (320 miles), and (10) Hygiea at 410 km (250 miles). Three asteroids are between 300 and 400 km (190 and 250 miles) in diameter, and about 23 are between 200 and 300 km (120 and 190 miles). It has been estimated that 250 asteroids are larger than 100 km…

  • Hygieia (Greek goddess)

    Hygieia, in Greek religion, goddess of health. The oldest traces of her cult are at Titane, west of Corinth, where she was worshipped together with Asclepius, the god of medicine. At first no special relationship existed between her and Asclepius, but gradually she came to be regarded as his

  • hygiene

    Hygiene, the science of preserving health. The subject embraces all agencies affecting the physical and mental well-being of humans. It involves, in its personal aspect, consideration of food, water and other beverages; clothing; work, exercise and sleep; personal cleanliness; and mental health. In

  • hygiene hypothesis (immunology)

    immune system disorder: Deficiencies associated with limited environmental exposure: Strachan in his hygiene hypothesis. The hypothesis suggested that small family size and increased personal hygiene reduced childhood exposure to infections and thereby resulted in the development of allergic disorders. Building on the hygiene hypothesis, scientists later proposed that the continued increase in the prevalence of allergic disorders and…

  • Hyginus (bishop of Mérida)

    Priscillian: …church, which, led by bishops Hyginus of Mérida and Ithacius of Ossonoba, soon opposed the new movement.

  • Hyginus, Gaius Julius (Roman author)

    Gaius Julius Hyginus, Latin author and scholar who, according to Suetonius (De Grammaticis, 20), was appointed by Augustus superintendent of the Palatine library. He went to Rome from Spain or Alexandria as a slave or perhaps a prisoner of war and was freed by Augustus. Hyginus was a pupil of the

  • Hyginus, Saint (pope)

    Saint Hyginus, ; feast day January 11), pope from about 136 to about 140. Hyginus had been a philospher, possibly in Athens, before moving to Rome. The Liber Pontificalis credits him with organizing the hierarchy (ranks of the ruling body of clergy), but the same claim is made for Hormisdas. His

  • Hygrobiidae (beetle family)

    coleopteran: Annotated classification: Family Hygrobiidae A few species (Hygrobia) widely distributed; aquatic; produce sound. Family Noteridae (burrowing water beetles) Similar to Dytiscidae; small; larvae burrow. Family Rhysodidae (wrinkled bark beetles)

  • hygrometer (meteorological instrument)

    Hygrometer, instrument used in meteorological science to measure the humidity, or amount of water vapour in the air. Several major types of hygrometers are used to measure humidity. Mechanical hygrometers make use of the principle that organic substances (particularly finer substances such as

  • hygromycin (drug)

    anthelmintic: Nematode anthelmintics: Hygromycin is an antibiotic that may also be used as an anthelmintic in the form of a feed additive to eliminate or reduce ascarids, nodular worms (Oesophagostomum), and whipworms (Trichuris) of swine, and the large roundworms (Ascaridia) and cecal worms (Heterakis) of poultry.

  • Hygrophila (plant genus)

    Acanthaceae: (130), Lepidagathis (100), Hygrophila (100), Thunbergia (90), and Dyschoriste (80). The small genus Avicennia contains at least eight species of ecologically important mangroves.

  • hygroscopicity (physics)

    wood: Hygroscopicity: Wood can absorb water as a liquid, if in contact with it, or as vapour from the surrounding atmosphere. Although wood can absorb other liquids and gases, water is the most important. Because of its hygroscopicity, wood, either as a part of the living…

  • Hyksos (Egyptian dynasty)

    Hyksos, dynasty of Palestinian origin that ruled northern Egypt as the 15th dynasty (c. 1630–1523 bce; see ancient Egypt: The Second Intermediate period). The name Hyksos was used by the Egyptian historian Manetho (flourished 300 bce), who, according to the Jewish historian Flavius Josephus

  • Hyksos (ancient people)
  • Hyla (amphibian genus)

    Anura: Egg laying and hatching: …three South American species of Hyla build basinlike nests, 25 to 30 cm (10 to 12 inches) wide and 2 to 5 cm (1 to 2 inches) deep, in the mud of riverbanks. Water seeps into the basin, providing a medium for the eggs and young. Calling, mating, and oviposition…

  • Hyla arborea (amphibian)

    tree frog: gratiosa), the European green tree frog (H. arborea), whose range extends across Asia and into Japan, the gray tree frog (H. versicolor), the green frog (H. cinerea), and the Pacific tree frog (H. regilla). The smallest is the little grass frog (Pseudacris, or Limnoaedus, ocularis), which does…

  • Hyla cinerea (amphibian)

    tree frog: versicolor), the green frog (H. cinerea), and the Pacific tree frog (H. regilla). The smallest is the little grass frog (Pseudacris, or Limnoaedus, ocularis), which does not exceed 1.75 cm (0.69 inch) in length and is found in cypress swamps in the United States from Virginia to…

  • Hyla ebraccata (amphibian)

    Anura: From tadpole to adult: H. ebraccata, a small Central American tree frog, deposits its eggs in a single layer on the upper surfaces of horizontal leaves, just a few inches above the pond. Upon hatching, the tadpoles wriggle to the edge of the leaf and drop into the water.…

  • Hyla faber (amphibian)

    Anura: Breeding behaviour: The South American nest-building hylid, Hyla faber, has a long, sharp spine on the thumb with which males wound each other when wrestling. The small Central American Dendrobates pumilio calls from the leaves of herbaceous plants. Intrusion into a territory of one calling male by another results in a wrestling…

  • Hyla gratiosa (amphibian)

    tree frog: …species; better-known representatives include the barking tree frog (H. gratiosa), the European green tree frog (H. arborea), whose range extends across Asia and into Japan, the gray tree frog (H. versicolor), the green frog (H. cinerea), and the Pacific tree frog (H. regilla). The smallest is the little grass frog…

  • Hyla regilla (amphibian)

    tree frog: cinerea), and the Pacific tree frog (H. regilla). The smallest is the little grass frog (Pseudacris, or Limnoaedus, ocularis), which does not exceed 1.75 cm (0.69 inch) in length and is found in cypress swamps in the United States from Virginia to Florida and Alabama. Nonhylid tree frogs…

  • Hyla thorectes (amphibian)

    Anura: From tadpole to adult: The Mexican H. thorectes suspends 10 to 14 eggs on ferns overhanging cascading mountain streams. The phyllomedusine hylids in the American tropics suspend clutches of eggs from leaves or stems above ponds. Males call from trees; once a female has been attracted and amplexus takes place, the…

  • Hyla versicolor (amphibian)

    tree frog: …Asia and into Japan, the gray tree frog (H. versicolor), the green frog (H. cinerea), and the Pacific tree frog (H. regilla). The smallest is the little grass frog (Pseudacris, or Limnoaedus, ocularis), which does not exceed 1.75 cm (0.69 inch) in length and is found in cypress swamps in…

  • Hylacomylus (German cartographer)

    Martin Waldseemüller, German cartographer who in 1507 published the first map with the name America for the New World. Educated at Freiburg im Breisgau, Waldseemüller moved to Saint-Dié, where in 1507 he published 1,000 copies of a woodcut world map, made with 12 blocks and compiled from the

  • Hylaea (Russian art and literary group)

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