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  • Hou Ji (Chinese mythology)

    Hou Ji, in Chinese mythology, Lord of Millet Grains, who was worshipped for the abundant harvests that he graciously provided for his people. The Chinese honoured him not only for past favours but in the hope that devotion to the deity would guarantee continued blessings. An old tradition explained

  • Hou Jin dynasty (Chinese history [936-946/947])

    Five Dynasties: …Asia, and Gaozu established the Hou (Later) Jin dynasty. When Gaozu’s son attempted to halt his tribute payments to the Khitan in 946, they reinvaded North China and carried him into captivity, thus ending the 10-year Hou Jin dynasty. The following year a former Hou Jin general who also bore…

  • Hou Liang dynasty (Chinese history [907-923])

    Five Dynasties: …the five dynasties was the Hou (Later) Liang, which was established by the rebel leader Zhu Wen after he usurped the Tang throne in 907. Zhu was murdered by his own son in 912, and the Hou Liang was overthrown by one of its generals, Zhuangzong (personal name Li Cunxu),…

  • Hou Liang dynasty (Chinese history [555-587])

    China: The Sui dynasty: …dethroned the emperor of the Hou (Later) Liang, the state that had ruled the middle Yangtze valley as a puppet of the Bei Zhou since 555. In 589 he overwhelmed the last southern dynasty, the Chen, which had put up only token resistance. Several rebellions against the Sui regime subsequently…

  • Hou Liang Taizu (emperor of Later Liang dynasty)

    Zhu Wen, Chinese general who usurped the throne of the last emperor of the Tang dynasty (618–907) and proclaimed himself the first emperor of the Hou (Later) Liang dynasty (907–923). Originally, Zhu Wen was a follower of the great Tang rebel Huang Chao (d. 884), but at an opportune time he

  • Hou Shu (ancient kingdom, China)

    China: The Shiguo (Ten Kingdoms): …Qian (Former) Shu (907–925), the Hou (Later) Shu (934–965), the Min (909–945), the Bei (Northern) Han (951–979), the Nan Han (917–971), and the Wu-Yue (907–978), the last located in China’s most rapidly advancing area—in and near the lower Yangtze delta.

  • Hou T’u (Chinese mythology)

    Hou Tu, in Chinese mythology, the spirit of the earth, first worshipped in 113 bce by Wudi, a Han-dynasty emperor. Hou Tu as sovereign earth became identified with the dual patron deity of the soil and harvest, Sheji, and so received sacrifices under this title. In any case, it was the god of the

  • Hou Tang dynasty (Chinese history)

    Five Dynasties: …Li Cunxu), who established the Hou (Later) Tang dynasty in 923. Although Zhuangzong and his successors ruled relatively well for 13 years, the Hou Tang was finally terminated when one of its generals, Gaozu (personal name Shi Jingtang), overthrew his master with the aid of the Khitan, a seminomadic people…

  • Hou Tu (Chinese mythology)

    Hou Tu, in Chinese mythology, the spirit of the earth, first worshipped in 113 bce by Wudi, a Han-dynasty emperor. Hou Tu as sovereign earth became identified with the dual patron deity of the soil and harvest, Sheji, and so received sacrifices under this title. In any case, it was the god of the

  • Hou Tu Nainai (Chinese mythology)

    Hou Tu: …woman who is known as Hou Tu Nainai.

  • Hou Xiaoxian (Taiwanese director)

    Hou Hsiao-hsien, Chinese-born Taiwanese director known for his film explorations of Taiwan’s history and family life, which emphasized realism through their subject matter and measured pace. Hou was born in mainland China, but his family fled the Chinese Civil War (1945–49) and settled in Taiwan,

  • Hou Yi (Chinese mythology)

    Hou Yi, in Chinese mythology, the Lord Archer whose prowess with a bow earned him undying fame. With his bow and arrow he saved the moon during an eclipse and rescued the country from a variety of plagues, one of which involved a wind monster who was wreaking havoc across the land. Hou Yi is also

  • Hou Yifan (Chinese chess player)

    Hou Yifan, Chinese chess player who was the youngest person to win the women’s world championship, in 2010; she also won the event in 2011, 2013, and 2016. Hou began playing chess when she was six years old. She began studying chess under Tong Yuanming, an International Master and a member of

  • Hou Zhou dynasty (Chinese history [951-960])

    Five Dynasties: …usurped the throne, founding the Hou (Later) Zhou dynasty. Although progress toward a more stable government began to be made during this time, the emperor died, leaving an infant on the throne. As a result, another general, Zhao Kuangyin (Taizu), seized the throne, founding the more long-lived Song dynasty, thus…

  • Houakhong (Laos)

    Louang Namtha, town, northwestern Laos. The town is situated about 10 miles (16 km) south of the Chinese border and about 50 miles (80 km) east of the border with (Myanmar) Burma, in the upper Tha River valley. It is linked to eastern Myanmar and Louangphrabang (95 miles [153 km] southeast) by

  • Houbraken, Arnold (Dutch painter and writer)

    Arnold Houbraken, Dutch painter and art writer noted for his three-volume biographical study of Netherlandish painters, De groote Schouburgh der Nederlantsche Konstschilders en Schilderessen (1718–21). Houbraken was a competent if rather uninspired academic painter, but his De Groote Schouburgh is

  • Houbraken, Jacobus (Dutch engraver)

    Jacobus Houbraken, the leading portrait engraver in 18th-century Holland. The son of the painter and art writer Arnold Houbraken, he settled in Amsterdam in 1707, and during his lifetime he engraved 400 portraits after paintings by contemporary Dutch

  • Houd-den-bek (novel by Brink)

    André Philippus Brink: …later works include Houd-den-bek (1982; A Chain of Voices), which recounts through many points of view a slave revolt in 1825; Die kreef raak gewoond daaraan (1991; An Act of Terror); Anderkant die stilte (2002; The Other Side of Silence); Bidsprinkaan (2005; Praying Mantis); and Philida (2012). He also wrote…

  • Houdenc, Raoul de (French author and trouvère)

    Raoul de Houdenc, French trouvère poet-musician of courtly romances, credited with writing one of the first French romances, told in an ornate, allegorical style. Little is known of Raoul’s life. His name could have originated from a dozen cities. Certain passages in his writings suggest that he

  • Houdetot, comtesse d’ (French aristocrat)

    Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Years of seclusion and exile: …relationship—at once passionate and platonic—with Sophie d’Houdetot, a noblewoman who lived near him at Montmorency. He himself asserted in the Confessions that he was led to write the book by “a desire for loving, which I had never been able to satisfy and by which I felt myself devoured.” Saint-Preux’s…

  • Houdetot, Sophie d’ (French aristocrat)

    Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Years of seclusion and exile: …relationship—at once passionate and platonic—with Sophie d’Houdetot, a noblewoman who lived near him at Montmorency. He himself asserted in the Confessions that he was led to write the book by “a desire for loving, which I had never been able to satisfy and by which I felt myself devoured.” Saint-Preux’s…

  • Houdin, Jean-Eugène (French magician)

    Jean-Eugène Robert-Houdin, French magician who is considered to be the father of modern conjuring. He was the first magician to use electricity; he improved the signalling method for the “thought transference” trick; and he exposed “fakes” and magicians who relied on supernatural explanations for

  • Houdini (film by Marshall [1953])

    Tony Curtis: …his performances in George Marshall’s Houdini (1953), as Harry Houdini; Carol Reed’s Trapeze (1956), as an Italian aerialist; and Sweet Smell of Success (1957), as an unprincipled press agent. In The Defiant Ones (1958), set in the racially segregated South, his portrayal of an

  • Houdini, Harry (American magician)

    Harry Houdini, American magician noted for his sensational escape acts. Houdini was the son of a rabbi who emigrated from Hungary to the United States and settled in Appleton, Wisconsin. He became a trapeze performer in circuses at an early age, and, after settling in New York City in 1882, he

  • Houdon, Jean-Antoine (French sculptor)

    Jean-Antoine Houdon, French sculptor whose religious and mythological works are definitive expressions of the 18th-century Rococo style of sculpture. Elements of classicism and naturalism are also evident in his work, and the vividness with which he expressed both physiognomy and character places

  • Houdry process (petroleum refining)

    J. Howard Pew: …(in 1937) to use Eugene Houdry’s catalytic-cracking process, instead of thermal cracking, to make its gasoline.

  • Houellebecq, Michel (French author)

    Michel Houellebecq, French writer, satirist, and provocateur whose work exposes his sometimes darkly humorous, often offensive, and thoroughly misanthropic view of humanity and the world. He was one of the best-known, if not always best-loved, French novelists of the early 21st century.

  • Hougang (ancient site, China)

    China: 5th millennium bce: Hougang (lower stratum) remains have been found in southern Hebei and central Henan. The vessels, some finished on a slow wheel, were mainly red-coloured and had been fired at high heat. They include jars, tripods, and round-bottomed, flat-bottomed, and ring-footed bowls. No pointed amphorae have…

  • Hough, Julianne (American dancer, actor, and singer)

    Apolo Anton Ohno: …with his professional dance partner, Julianne Hough; he also competed on the show in 2012. After returning to skating, he quickly regained his winning form. At the 2008 short-track world championships in Kangnung, South Korea, he captured the 500-metre and overall world titles.

  • Houghton (Michigan, United States)

    Houghton, city, seat (1852) of Houghton county, northwestern Upper Peninsula of Michigan, U.S. It lies along Portage Lake and the Keweenaw Waterway, opposite Hancock. It was settled in 1851 and named for Douglass Houghton, a state geologist. The discovery of nearby rich copper lodes between 1855

  • Houghton of Great Houghton, Richard Monckton Milnes, 1st Baron (English poet)

    Richard Monckton Milnes, English politician, poet, and man of letters. While at Trinity College, Cambridge (1827–30), Milnes joined the socially and artistically progressive Apostles Club, which included among its members the poets Alfred Tennyson and Arthur Henry Hallam. From 1837 to 1863 he

  • Houghton, Douglass (American geologist)

    Houghton: …in 1851 and named for Douglass Houghton, a state geologist. The discovery of nearby rich copper lodes between 1855 and 1870 resulted in an economic boom that lasted until after World War I. Houghton is now a distribution centre for manufactures, including wood materials, and for dairy and poultry farming.…

  • Houguan (China)

    Fuzhou, city and capital of Fujian sheng (province), southeastern China. It is situated in the eastern part of the province on the north bank of the estuary of Fujian’s largest river, the Min River, a short distance from its mouth on the East China Sea. The Min gives the city access to the interior

  • houguan (musical instrument)

    guan: The houguan of southern China is a larger version. Some modern guan have a loosely attached, flaring bell at the end of the instrument.

  • Houhan-shu (Chinese text)

    eclipse: Chinese: For example, the Houhanshu (“History of the Later Han Dynasty”) contains the following account under a year corresponding to 119–120 ce:

  • Houk, Ralph George (American baseball manager)

    Ralph George Houk, (“The Major”), American baseball manager (born Aug. 9, 1919, Lawrence, Kan.—died July 21, 2010, Winter Haven, Fla.), as manager (1961–63, 1966–73; general manager 1964–65) of Major League Baseball’s New York Yankees, won the World Series in his first two seasons and the pennant

  • Houllier, Benjamin (French inventor)

    cartridge: Houllier, patented the first cartridge, capable of being fired by the blow of the gun’s hammer. In one type, a pin was driven into the cartridge by the hammer action; in the other, a primer charge of fulminate of mercury was exploded in the cartridge…

  • Hoult, Nicholas (British actor)

    Nicholas Hoult, British actor who was perhaps best known for playing Hank McCoy (“Beast”) in the X-Men series of movies and Nux in Mad Max: Fury Road (2015). Hoult was the great nephew of British stage and screen star Dame Anna Neagle. His father was a commercial pilot, his mother taught piano, and

  • Hoult, Nicholas Carandoc (British actor)

    Nicholas Hoult, British actor who was perhaps best known for playing Hank McCoy (“Beast”) in the X-Men series of movies and Nux in Mad Max: Fury Road (2015). Hoult was the great nephew of British stage and screen star Dame Anna Neagle. His father was a commercial pilot, his mother taught piano, and

  • Houlton (Maine, United States)

    Houlton, town, seat (1839) of Aroostook county, northeastern Maine, U.S. It lies along the Meduxnekeag River 120 miles (193 km) northeast of Bangor. Settled in 1805 and named for one of its founders, Joseph Houlton, it soon developed as a lumbering town and was incorporated in 1831. From 1828 to

  • Houma (people)
  • Houma (Louisiana, United States)

    Houma, city, seat (1834) of Terrebonne parish, southeastern Louisiana, U.S., situated about 50 miles (80 km) southwest of New Orleans. It lies along Bayou Terrebonne and the Intracoastal Waterway and is connected to the Gulf of Mexico by the Houma Navigation Canal, 36 miles (58 km) long. In the

  • Houmet es-Souk (Tunisia)

    Jerba: Ḥawmat al-Sūq is the principal town and chief market centre, and Ajīm is the main port. The population is mostly Amazigh (Berber) in origin; there also remains a portion of the island’s once significant Jewish community, which was one of the oldest in the world.…

  • hound (hunting dog)

    Hound, Classification of hunting dogs that is more general than setter, retriever, pointer, or other sporting dog categories. Most hounds were bred and trained to track by scent or sight. Scent hounds (e.g., bloodhound, dachshund) are trained to scent in the air or on the ground. Sight hounds

  • Hound Dog (song by Leiber and Stoller)

    Leiber and Stoller: …Los Angeles; when their “Hound Dog” was recorded by Willie Mae (“Big Mama”) Thornton in 1952, they also became producers. Major success followed with their series of novelty story-songs—including “Black Denim Trousers and Motorcycle Boots” (performed by the Cheers), “Young Blood” and “Yakety Yak” (by the Coasters), and “Love…

  • Hound Dog (missile)

    rocket and missile system: Matador and other programs: …Force produced and deployed the Hound Dog cruise missile on B-52 bombers. This supersonic missile was powered by a turbojet engine to a range of 400–450 miles. It used the guidance system of the earlier Navaho. The missile was so large, however, that only two could be carried on the…

  • Hound Dog (American disc jockey)

    George (“Hound Dog”) Lorenz: Music lovers in more than a dozen states along the Eastern Seaboard in the 1950s tuned in to “the Sound of the Hound,” George (“Hound Dog”) Lorenz, who broadcast on 50,000-watt WKBW in Buffalo, New York. Lorenz began in Buffalo radio in the late 1940s;…

  • Hound of the Baskervilles, The (film by Fisher [1959])

    The Hound of the Baskervilles, American mystery-detective film, released in 1959, that was adapted from Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s classic novel of the same name. It served as Hammer Studios’ attempt to revive the Sherlock Holmes character and to begin a new movie franchise with Peter Cushing as

  • Hound of the Baskervilles, The (film by Lanfield [1939])

    The Hound of the Baskervilles, American mystery-detective film, released in 1939, that was adapted from Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s classic novel of the same name. It is noted for Basil Rathbone’s debut as Sherlock Holmes, a role that would define his career. Victorian-era detective Holmes and his

  • Hound of the Baskervilles, The (novel by Doyle)

    The Hound of the Baskervilles, one of the best known of the Sherlock Holmes novels, written by Arthur Conan Doyle in 1901. The novel was serialized in The Strand Magazine (1901–02) and was published in book form in 1902. It was the first Sherlock Holmes tale since the detective’s shocking “death”

  • hound’s-tongue (plant)

    Hound’s-tongue, any of 75 species of the plant genus Cynoglossum, in the family Boraginaceae, including the bright-blue-flowered Chinese forget-me-not (C. amabile), native in mostly temperate areas of the New World and Old World. They are named for their usually rough, tongue-shaped leaves. Two

  • Hounds of Love (album by Bush)

    Kate Bush: …commercial apex with the lush Hounds of Love (1985). Its moody otherworldly single “Running Up That Hill” even provided a breakthrough for Bush in the United States, although her following there ultimately remained limited. The greatest-hits collection The Whole Story (1986) and the single “Don’t Give Up” (1986), a duet…

  • houngan (Haitian religion)

    Oungan, in Vodou, a male priest who serves as a leader of rituals and ceremonies. A woman of the same position is referred to as a manbo. It is believed that oungans obtain their positions through dreamlike encounters with a lwa (spirit). During such visions, individuals are chosen to be servants

  • Houni (people)

    Hani, an official nationality of China. The Hani live mainly on the high southwestern plateau of Yunnan province, China, specifically concentrated in the southwestern corner. There are also several thousands of Hani or related peoples in northern Thailand, Laos, and Vietnam and in eastern Myanmar

  • Hounsfield, Sir Godfrey Newbold (British engineer)

    Sir Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield, English electrical engineer who shared the 1979 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with Allan Cormack for his part in developing the diagnostic technique of computerized axial tomography (CAT), or computerized tomography (CT). In this technique, information

  • Hounslow (borough, London, United Kingdom)

    Hounslow, outer borough of London, England, on the western periphery of the metropolis. It is part of the historic county of Middlesex and lies in the valley of the River Thames. The borough was created in 1965 by the amalgamation of the former metropolitan boroughs of Brentford and Chiswick and

  • Houphouët, Dia (president of Côte d’Ivoire)

    Félix Houphouët-Boigny, politician and physician who was president of Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) from independence in 1960 until his death in 1993. Under his rule it became one of the most prosperous nations in sub-Saharan Africa. The son of a wealthy Baule chief, Houphouët-Boigny worked as a

  • Houphouët-Boigny, Félix (president of Côte d’Ivoire)

    Félix Houphouët-Boigny, politician and physician who was president of Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) from independence in 1960 until his death in 1993. Under his rule it became one of the most prosperous nations in sub-Saharan Africa. The son of a wealthy Baule chief, Houphouët-Boigny worked as a

  • hour (unit of time)

    Hour, in timekeeping, 3,600 seconds, now defined in terms of radiation emitted from atoms of the element cesium under specified conditions. The hour was formerly defined as the 24th part of a mean solar day—i.e., of the average period of rotation of the Earth relative to the Sun. The hour of

  • hour angle (astronomy)

    Hour angle, in astronomy, the angle between an observer’s meridian (a great circle passing over his head and through the celestial poles) and the hour circle (any other great circle passing through the poles) on which some celestial body lies. This angle, when expressed in hours and minutes, is

  • hour circle (astronomy)

    Hour circle, in astronomy, any great circle (similar to longitude) on the celestial sphere that passes through the celestial poles—i.e., is perpendicular to the celestial equator. The declination of a celestial object is measured along its hour circle. The hour circle that at any moment is passing

  • Hour of Spain, 1560-1590, An (work by Azorín)

    Azorín: …hora de España 1560–1590 (1924; An Hour of Spain, 1560–1590) carefully and subtly reconstruct the spirit of Spanish life, directing the reader’s sensibility by the suggestive power of their prose. Azorín’s literary criticism, such as Al margen de los clásicos (1915; “Marginal Notes to the Classics”), helped to open up…

  • Hour of the Furnaces, The (film by Getino and Solanas [1968])

    Third Cinema: …hora de los hornos (1968; The Hour of the Furnaces), one of the best-known Third Cinema documentary films of the 1960s, in their manifesto “Hacia un tercer cine” (1969; “Toward a Third Cinema”).

  • Hour of the Gun (film by Sturges [1967])

    John Sturges: Later films: Hour of the Gun (1967), a ponderous sequel to Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, starred Garner as Earp, Jason Robards as Holliday, and Ryan as vengeance-obsessed Ike Clanton. Sturges then made Ice Station Zebra (1968), which featured an all-male cast (headed by Rock Hudson, Jim…

  • Hour of the Wolf (film by Bergman [1968])

    Ingmar Bergman: Life: …included Persona (1966), Vargtimmen (1968; Hour of the Wolf), Skammen (1968; Shame), and En passion (1969; A Passion, or The Passion of Anna), all dramas of inner conflicts involving a small, closely knit group of characters. With The Touch (1971; Beröringen), his first English-language film, Bergman returned to an urban…

  • Hourani, Albert Habib (British historian)

    Albert Habib Hourani, British historian (born March 31, 1915, Manchester, England—died Jan. 17, 1993, Oxford, England), was a foremost authority on the Middle East, director (from 1958) of the Middle East Centre at St. Antony’s College, Oxford, and author of the popular best-seller A History of t

  • hourglass (time-measuring device)

    Hourglass, an early device for measuring intervals of time. It is also known as a sandglass or a log glass when used in conjunction with the common log for ascertaining the speed of a ship. It consists of two pear-shaped bulbs of glass, united at their apexes and having a minute passage formed

  • houri (Islam)

    Houri, in Islām, a beautiful maiden who awaits the devout Muslim in paradise. The Arabic word ḥawrāʾ signifies the contrast of the clear white of the eye to the blackness of the iris. There are numerous references to the houri in the Qurʾān describing them as “purified wives” and “spotless

  • Hours of Idleness (collection of poems by Byron)

    Hours of Idleness, first collection of poems by Lord Byron, published in 1807 when he was 19 years old. The poems are generally regarded as commonplace at best. The date of each poem’s composition was noted in the book. A sneering review published in The Edinburgh Review in 1808 dismissed his

  • Hours of Jeanne d’Évreux (prayer book by Pucelle)

    Jean Pucelle: 1325), and in the Hours of Jeanne d’Evreux (c. 1325–28), a private prayer book. The latter was done as a royal commission to Jeanne d’Evreux, the queen of France. This work is a reflection of the artist’s synthesis of sources that influenced his style. Pucelle makes excellent use of…

  • hours, canonical (Christian service)

    Divine office, in various Christian churches, the public service of praise and worship consisting of psalms, hymns, prayers, readings from the Fathers of the early church, and other writings. Recurring at various times during the day and night, it is intended to sanctify the life of the Christian

  • hours, liturgy of the (Christian service)

    Divine office, in various Christian churches, the public service of praise and worship consisting of psalms, hymns, prayers, readings from the Fathers of the early church, and other writings. Recurring at various times during the day and night, it is intended to sanctify the life of the Christian

  • Hours, The (film by Daldry [2002])

    Philip Glass: …dozen films, notably the dramas The Hours (2002) and Notes on a Scandal (2006) and the Errol Morris documentaries A Brief History of Time (1991) and The Fog of War: Eleven Lessons from the Life of Robert S. McNamara (2003).

  • Hous of Fame (poem by Chaucer)

    Geoffrey Chaucer: Diplomat and civil servant: …work of the 1370s was Hous of Fame, a poem of more than 2,000 lines, also in dream-vision form. In some ways it is a failure—it is unfinished, its theme is unclear, and the diversity of its parts seems to overshadow any unity of purpose—but it gives considerable evidence of…

  • Housatonic (United States ship)

    H.L. Hunley: …successfully attacked the Union sloop Housatonic with a spar torpedo on February 17, 1864, sinking the vessel. The Hunley, however, was lost shortly after the attack, along with its eight crewmen.

  • Housatonic River (river, United States)

    Housatonic River, river in southwestern New England, rising in the Berkshire Hills, near Pittsfield, Mass., U.S. It flows southward for 148 miles (238 km) through Massachusetts past Pittsfield, Lee, and Great Barrington; and then through Connecticut past New Milford, Derby, and Shelton to enter

  • house (dwelling)

    basketry: Uses: …roof or stored in the house, particularly in Mediterranean regions; for preserving cereals they are sometimes caulked with clay.

  • House (sociology)

    Efik: …what is known as a House (not a structural reference), whose leader is chosen for ability rather than age. Related Houses occupy the wards into which settlements are divided.

  • house (music)

    House, style of high-tempo, electronic dance music that originated in Chicago in the early 1980s and spread internationally. Born in Chicago clubs that catered to gay, predominantly black and Latino patrons, house fused the symphonic sweep and soul diva vocals of 1970s disco with the cold futurism

  • house (gambling)

    gambling: Chances, probabilities, and odds: Depending on the bet, the house advantage (“vigorish”) for roulette in American casinos varies from about 5.26 to 7.89 percent, and in European casinos it varies from 1.35 to 2.7 percent. The house must always win in the long run. Some casinos also add rules that enhance their profits, especially…

  • house (theatre)

    Mansion, scenic device used in medieval theatrical staging. Individual mansions represented different locales in biblical stories and in scenes from the life of Christ as performed in churches. A mansion consisted of a small booth containing a stage with corner posts supporting a canopy and d

  • House (American television program)

    Hugh Laurie: …in the American television drama House. Laurie—whose American accent on the show was so convincing that people often thought he was joking around when he spoke with his natural British accent—garnered two Golden Globe Awards (2006 and 2007) for his role and gained extraordinary popularity in the United States.

  • House (sculpture by Whiteread)

    Rachel Whiteread: …her most iconic work is House (1993; now destroyed), a lengthy project for which she applied her techniques on a three-story house that was about to be torn down. She applied the same principles in much of her later work, notably in her memorial to the victims of the Holocaust…

  • house (game of chance)

    Bingo, game of chance using cards on which there is a grid of numbers, a row of which constitute a win when they have been chosen at random. Bingo is one of the most popular forms of low-priced gambling in the world. To play bingo, which is a form of lottery, each player purchases one or more c

  • house (astrology)

    House, in astrology, 1 of the 12 sectors, or divisions, of the celestial sphere. See

  • house arrest (law)

    House arrest, court-ordered confinement in one’s own home. The sentence is viewed as an important alternative to standard incarceration at various stages of the criminal justice process. It is employed by criminal justice systems around the world and often entails very diverse requirements. There

  • House at Pooh Corner, The (work by Milne)

    Eeyore: in Winnie-the-Pooh (1926) and The House at Pooh Corner (1928). A melancholy misanthrope, Eeyore frequently makes bitter, self-deprecating comments that make him an excellent foil for Winnie-the-Pooh, the affectionate, bumbling Bear of Very Little Brain.

  • House by the Medlar Tree, The (novel by Verga)

    The House by the Medlar Tree, realist (verismo) novel of Sicilian life by Giovanni Verga, published in 1881 as I Malavoglia. The book concerns the dangers of economic and social upheaval. It was the first volume of a projected five-novel series that Verga never completed. The author’s objective

  • House by the Railroad (painting by Hopper)

    Edward Hopper: …loosely organized, vivacious paintings, his House by the Railroad (1925) and Room in Brooklyn (1932) show still, anonymous figures and stern geometric forms within snapshot-like compositions that create an inescapable sense of loneliness. This isolation of his subjects was heightened by Hopper’s characteristic use of light to insulate persons and…

  • House Carpenter, The (ballad)

    ballad: The supernatural: ” In “The House Carpenter,” a former lover (a demon in disguise) persuades a wife to forsake husband and children and come away with him, a fatal decision as it turns out. In American and in late British tradition the supernatural tends to get worked out of…

  • house cat (domesticated mammal)

    Cat, (Felis catus), domesticated member of the family Felidae, order Carnivora, and the smallest member of that family. Like all felids, domestic cats are characterized by supple low-slung bodies, finely molded heads, long tails that aid in balance, and specialized teeth and claws that adapt them

  • house centipede (arthropod)

    centipede: The 25-mm (1-inch)-long house centipede (order Scutigerida, or Scutigeromorpha) of Europe and North America is the only one common in dwellings. It has a short, striped body and 15 pairs of very long legs. Other centipedes have shorter, hooklike legs. In some species the last pair is pincerlike.

  • House Committee on Finance (United States government)

    government budget: The United States: …under the jurisdiction of the Ways and Means Committee of the House and are considered separately and possibly even at a different time from appropriations. The upper house of Congress, the Senate, plays a secondary role with respect to the budget. Its Appropriations Committee acts as a kind of court…

  • House Committee on Un-American Activities (United States history)

    House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC), committee of the U.S. House of Representatives, established in 1938 under Martin Dies as chairman, that conducted investigations through the 1940s and ’50s into alleged communist activities. Those investigated included many artists and entertainers,

  • house cricket (insect)

    cricket: …cricket (genus Gryllus) and the house cricket (Acheta, formerly Gryllus, domesticus) of the subfamily Gryllinae are stout-bodied and black or brown and often dig shallow burrows. They may feed on plants, animals, clothes, and each other. The field cricket (also called the black cricket) is common in fields and yards…

  • house crow (bird)

    crow: Other crows include the house crow (C. splendens) of the Indian subcontinent (introduced in eastern Africa); the pied crow (C. albus), with white nape and breast, of tropical Africa; and the fish crow (C. ossifragus) of southeastern and central North America. Other members of the genus Corvus not called…

  • House Divided, A (speech by Lincoln)

    Abraham Lincoln: The road to presidency: …(See primary source document: “A House Divided.”) He predicted that the country eventually would become “all one thing, or all the other.” Again and again he insisted that the civil liberties of every U.S. citizen, white as well as black, were at stake. The territories must be kept free,…

  • house finch (bird)

    rosefinch: The house finch (C. mexicanus), with red forehead band and streaked underparts, is a dooryard bird throughout western North America; it is often called linnet. This species was introduced (1940) on Long Island, N.Y., and is spreading along the Atlantic seaboard; it is also established in…

  • House for Mr. Biswas, A (novel by Naipaul)

    A House for Mr. Biswas, novel by V.S. Naipaul, published in 1961, in which a poor West Indian Hindu achieves his symbol of success and independence—owning his own house. The novel begins with the death of Mohun Biswas of heart disease at age 46. Mr. Biswas is a descendant of East Indians taken to

  • house geranium (plant)

    geranium: Zonal, house, or bedding geraniums (P. × hortorum, a complex hybrid largely derived from P. inguinans and P. zonale) are the familiar forms in garden culture and in pots indoors. Ivy, or hanging, geraniums (P. peltatum) are grown as basket plants indoors and out; they are also used…

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