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  • Hoolock (primate genus)

    gibbon: …be divided into four genera: Hoolock, Hylobates, Nomascus, and Symphalangus. Molecular data indicate that the four groups are as different from one another as chimpanzees are from humans.

  • hoolock gibbon (primate species)

    gibbon: The hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) is found from Myanmar west of the Salween River into Assam, India, and Bangladesh. Adult males are black and females are brown, with colour changes similar to those seen in the concolor group. Both sexes have throat sacs and much harsher…

  • Hoolock hoolock (primate species)

    gibbon: The hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) is found from Myanmar west of the Salween River into Assam, India, and Bangladesh. Adult males are black and females are brown, with colour changes similar to those seen in the concolor group. Both sexes have throat sacs and much harsher…

  • höömii (music)

    Throat-singing, a range of singing styles in which a single vocalist sounds more than one pitch simultaneously by reinforcing certain harmonics (overtones and undertones) of the fundamental pitch. In some styles, harmonic melodies are sounded above a fundamental vocal drone. Originally called

  • hoop (toy)

    Hoop, circular toy adaptable to many games, children’s and adults’, probably the most ubiquitous of the world’s toys, after the ball. The ancient Greeks advocated hoop rolling as a beneficial exercise for those not very strong. It was also used as a toy by both Greek and Roman children, as graphic

  • hoop petticoat (clothing)

    Hoop skirt, garment with a frame of whalebone or of wicker or osier basketwork. Reminiscent of the farthingale (q.v.), the petticoat was reintroduced in England and France around 1710 and remained in favour until 1780. The French name panier (“basket”) was used for skirts distended at the sides r

  • hoop pine (plant)

    Moreton Bay pine, (Araucaria cunninghamii), large evergreen timber conifer of the family Araucariaceae. The Moreton Bay pine is native to the coastal rainforests of northern New South Wales to northern Queensland in eastern Australia and the Arfak Mountains of western New Guinea. The plant is

  • Hoop Roots: Basketball, Race, and Love (work by Wideman)

    John Edgar Wideman: …Race and Society (1994) and Hoop Roots: Basketball, Race, and Love (2001) as well as the novels The Cattle Killing (1996) and Fanon (2008).

  • hoop skirt (clothing)

    Hoop skirt, garment with a frame of whalebone or of wicker or osier basketwork. Reminiscent of the farthingale (q.v.), the petticoat was reintroduced in England and France around 1710 and remained in favour until 1780. The French name panier (“basket”) was used for skirts distended at the sides r

  • Hooper, Franklin Henry (American editor)

    Franklin Henry Hooper, U.S. editor in chief of Encyclopædia Britannica from 1932 to 1938, brother of the Britannica’s publisher Horace Everett Hooper. In 1899 Hooper joined the staff of the Britannica, in which his brother Horace, James Clarke, and others had acquired an interest. Franklin Hooper

  • Hooper, Fred William (American horse owner and breeder)

    Fred William Hooper, American thoroughbred horse owner and breeder (born Oct. 6, 1897, Cleveland, Ga.—died Aug. 4, 2000, Ocala, Fla.), was the indomitable head for 38 years of the Montgomery, Ala.-based Hooper Construction Co., one of the major contractors in the Southeast, and used his wealth f

  • Hooper, H. E. (American publisher)

    Horace Everett Hooper, U.S. publisher of Encyclopædia Britannica from 1897 until his death, a master salesman and an innovator in publishing. Hooper left school at the age of 16, clerked in bookstores for a time, and then went to Denver, Colo., where he organized the Western Book and Stationery

  • Hooper, Horace Everett (American publisher)

    Horace Everett Hooper, U.S. publisher of Encyclopædia Britannica from 1897 until his death, a master salesman and an innovator in publishing. Hooper left school at the age of 16, clerked in bookstores for a time, and then went to Denver, Colo., where he organized the Western Book and Stationery

  • Hooper, Marian (American socialite and photographer)

    Marian Adams, American social arbiter who was widely acknowledged for her wit, as an accomplished photographer in the early 1880s, and as the wife of historian Henry Adams. Marian Hooper—called Clover by family and friends—was the youngest child of Boston Brahmins. Her mother, Ellen Sturgis Hooper,

  • Hooper, Stephen (English inventor)

    windmill: In 1789 Stephen Hooper in England utilized roller blinds instead of shutters and devised a remote control to enable all the blinds to be adjusted simultaneously while the mill was at work. In 1807 Sir William Cubitt invented his “patent sail” combining Meikle’s hinged shutters with Hooper’s…

  • Hooper, Thomas George (British director, writer, and producer)
  • Hooper, Tom (British director, writer, and producer)
  • hoopoe (bird)

    Hoopoe, (Upupa epops), strikingly crested bird found from southern Europe and Africa to southeastern Asia, the sole member of the family Upupidae of the roller order, Coraciiformes. About 28 centimetres (11 inches) long, it is pinkish brown on the head and shoulders, with a long, black-tipped,

  • Hoorn (Netherlands)

    Hoorn, gemeente (municipality), northwestern Netherlands, on the IJsselmeer (lake). Founded about 1300 and chartered in 1357, it was the capital of medieval West Friesland. Its horn-shaped harbour (for which it is named) was one of the principal ports of the Netherlands until the Zuiderzee silted

  • Hoorn, Kaap (cape, Chile)

    Cape Horn, steep rocky headland on Hornos Island, Tierra del Fuego Archipelago, southern Chile. Located off the southern tip of mainland South America, it was named Hoorn for the birthplace of the Dutch navigator Willem Corneliszoon Schouten, who rounded it in 1616. False Cape Horn (Falso Cabo de

  • Hoorne, Filips van Montmorency, count van (Dutch statesman)

    Filips van Montmorency, count van Horne, stadtholder of Gelderland and Zutphen, admiral of the Netherlands, and member of the council of state of the Netherlands (1561–65), who sought to preserve the traditional rights and privileges of the Netherlands and to end the Spanish Inquisition. A

  • Hoorne, Filips van Montmorency, graaf van (Dutch statesman)

    Filips van Montmorency, count van Horne, stadtholder of Gelderland and Zutphen, admiral of the Netherlands, and member of the council of state of the Netherlands (1561–65), who sought to preserve the traditional rights and privileges of the Netherlands and to end the Spanish Inquisition. A

  • Hoosac Tunnel (tunnel, Massachusetts, United States)

    Hoosac Tunnel, the first major rock tunnel built in the United States. The tunnel runs through Hoosac Mountain of the Berkshire Hills, east of North Adams, Mass., and was built to provide a rail connection between Boston and upper New York state. Though only 4.75 miles (7.6 km) long, the tunnel

  • Hoosier School-Master, The (novel by Eggleston)

    The Hoosier School-Master, regional novel by Edward Eggleston, first serialized in Hearth and Home in 1871 and published in book form the same year. The novel is primarily of interest for its naturalism, its setting in rural Indiana, and its extensive use of Hoosier dialect. The novel is based

  • Hoosier State (state, United States)

    Indiana, constituent state of the United States of America. The state sits, as its motto claims, at “the crossroads of America.” It borders Lake Michigan and the state of Michigan to the north, Ohio to the east, Kentucky to the south, and Illinois to the west, making it an integral part of the

  • Hoosiers (film by Anspaugh [1986])

    Gene Hackman: …the 1980s included Reds (1981), Hoosiers (1986), and No Way Out (1987), and he was once again nominated for a best actor Oscar for his performance in Mississippi Burning (1988). He won the Academy Award for best supporting actor for his portrayal of Little Bill Daggett in Clint Eastwood’s revisionist…

  • hootenanny (entertainment)

    Pete Seeger: …fostering the growth of the hootenanny (a gathering of performers playing and singing for each other, often with audience participation) as a characteristically informal and personal style of entertainment. Among the many songs that he wrote himself or in collaboration with others were “Where Have All the Flowers Gone,” “If…

  • Hooton, Earnest A. (American anthropologist)

    Earnest A. Hooton, American physical anthropologist who investigated human evolution and so-called racial differentiation, classified and described human populations, and examined the relationship between personality and physical type, particularly with respect to criminal behaviour. He established

  • Hooton, Earnest Albert (American anthropologist)

    Earnest A. Hooton, American physical anthropologist who investigated human evolution and so-called racial differentiation, classified and described human populations, and examined the relationship between personality and physical type, particularly with respect to criminal behaviour. He established

  • Hoover Commission (United States government)

    Hoover Commission, (1947–49, 1953–55), either of two temporary advisory bodies, both headed by the former president Herbert Hoover. They were appointed to find ways to reduce the number of federal government departments and increase their efficiency in the post-World War II and post-Korean War

  • Hoover Dam (dam, United States)

    Hoover Dam, dam in Black Canyon on the Colorado River, at the Arizona-Nevada border, U.S. Constructed between 1930 and 1936, it is the highest concrete arch dam in the United States. It impounds Lake Mead, which extends for 115 miles (185 km) upstream and is one of the largest artificial lakes in

  • Hoover Dam Bypass Project (bridge, Colorado, United States)

    Hoover Dam: …January 2005 on a long-planned Hoover Dam Bypass Project, and in October 2010 a concrete arch bridge with a 1,060-foot (322-metre) span—the longest in North America for that type of bridge—opened for through traffic within view of Hoover Dam. The old road along the crest is reserved for use by…

  • Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace (think tank)

    Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace, Think tank founded in 1919 (as the Hoover War Collection) by Herbert Hoover. It is located at, but has no institutional connection with, Stanford University, in Palo Alto, California. The Hoover Library and Archives house source materials on social

  • Hoover Lake (lake, California, United States)

    Theodore Jesse Hoover: In 1905 Hoover Lake in Santa Clara county, Calif., was named after him. He explored and mapped the area around the lake during the summers of 1904 and 1905 while serving as manager of the Standard Consolidated Mines. Also named in his honour is the Theodore J.…

  • Hoover War Collection (think tank)

    Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace, Think tank founded in 1919 (as the Hoover War Collection) by Herbert Hoover. It is located at, but has no institutional connection with, Stanford University, in Palo Alto, California. The Hoover Library and Archives house source materials on social

  • Hoover, Herbert (president of United States)

    Herbert Hoover, 31st president of the United States (1929–33). Hoover’s reputation as a humanitarian—earned during and after World War I as he rescued millions of Europeans from starvation—faded from public consciousness when his administration proved unable to alleviate widespread joblessness,

  • Hoover, Herbert Clark (president of United States)

    Herbert Hoover, 31st president of the United States (1929–33). Hoover’s reputation as a humanitarian—earned during and after World War I as he rescued millions of Europeans from starvation—faded from public consciousness when his administration proved unable to alleviate widespread joblessness,

  • Hoover, J. Edgar (United States government official)

    J. Edgar Hoover, U.S. public official who, as director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) from 1924 until his death in 1972, built that agency into a highly effective, if occasionally controversial, arm of federal law enforcement. Hoover studied law at night at George Washington

  • Hoover, John Edgar (United States government official)

    J. Edgar Hoover, U.S. public official who, as director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) from 1924 until his death in 1972, built that agency into a highly effective, if occasionally controversial, arm of federal law enforcement. Hoover studied law at night at George Washington

  • Hoover, Lou (American first lady)

    Lou Hoover, American first lady (1929–33), the wife of Herbert Hoover, 31st president of the United States. A philanthropist who was active in wartime relief, she was also the first president’s wife to deliver a speech on radio. Daughter of Charles Henry, a banker, and Florence Weed Henry, Lou

  • Hoover, Tad (American engineer, naturalist, and educator)

    Theodore Jesse Hoover, American mining engineer, naturalist, educator, and elder brother of U.S. Pres. Herbert Hoover. Hoover was the oldest of three children born to Jesse Clark Hoover, a village blacksmith and dealer in agricultural machinery, and Huldah Randall Minthorn Hoover, a teacher and

  • Hoover, Theodore Jesse (American engineer, naturalist, and educator)

    Theodore Jesse Hoover, American mining engineer, naturalist, educator, and elder brother of U.S. Pres. Herbert Hoover. Hoover was the oldest of three children born to Jesse Clark Hoover, a village blacksmith and dealer in agricultural machinery, and Huldah Randall Minthorn Hoover, a teacher and

  • Hooverball (game)

    Hooverball, medicine-ball game invented in 1929 by Adm. Joel T. Boone, physician to U.S. Pres. Herbert Hoover, in order to keep Hoover physically fit. The sport was nameless until 1931, when a reporter from The New York Times christened it “Hooverball” in an article he wrote about the president’s

  • hooves (anatomy)

    ungulate: hoofed mammal. Although the term is now used more broadly in formal classification as the grandorder Ungulata, in common usage it was widely applied to a diverse group of placental mammals that were characterized as hoofed herbivorous quadrupeds. The feature that united them, the hoof,…

  • hop (plant)

    Hop, either of two species of the genus Humulus, nonwoody annual or perennial vines in the hemp family (Cannabinaceae) native to temperate North America, Eurasia, and South America. The hops used in the brewing industry are the dried female flower clusters (cones) of the common hop (H. lupulus).

  • hop tree (plant)

    Hop tree, (Ptelea trifoliata), tree or shrub of the rue family (Rutaceae), native to eastern North America. The hop tree is cultivated as an ornamental and is attractive to butterflies. The hop tree has a rounded crown and often features one or more crooked trunks with intertwining branches. The

  • Hop, Hendrik (South African explorer)

    Orange River: Study and exploration: …led by the Afrikaner explorer Hendrik Hop; Robert Jacob Gordon, a Dutch officer; William Paterson, an English traveler; and the French explorer François Le Vaillant. They explored the river from its middle course to its mouth, and Gordon named it in honour of the Dutch house of Orange. Mission stations…

  • hop, step, and jump (athletics)

    Triple jump, event in athletics (track and field) in which an athlete makes a horizontal jump for distance incorporating three distinct, continuous movements—a hop, in which the athlete takes off and lands on the same foot; a step, landing on the other foot; and a jump, landing in any manner,

  • hop-hornbeam (plant genus)

    Hop-hornbeam, any of about seven species of ornamental trees constituting the genus Ostrya of the birch family (Betulaceae), native to Eurasia and North America. A hop-hornbeam has shaggy, scaling bark and thin, translucent, green leaves with hairy leafstalks. The hoplike, green fruits are

  • hopak (dance)

    Hopak, Ukrainian folk dance originating as a male dance among the Zaporozhian Cossacks but later danced by couples, male soloists, and mixed groups of dancers. In western Ukraine, as the hopak-kolo, it is danced in a closed circle. The hopak has no fixed pattern of steps. Men competitively

  • Hopalong Cassidy (film by Bretherton [1935])

    William Boyd: …in 1935 in the film Hopalong Cassidy. With his tall stature and white hair, Boyd was a distinctive figure; wearing a black hat and costume and riding a white horse, he quickly became identified by the public with the screen hero. Boyd played the role in subsequent films until the…

  • Hopalong Cassidy (American television series)

    Television in the United States: Developing genres: Early filmed westerns such as Hopalong Cassidy (NBC, 1949–51; syndicated, 1952–54) and The Lone Ranger (ABC, 1949–57), crime shows such as Martin Kane, Private Eye (NBC, 1949–54) and Man Against Crime (CBS/DuMont/NBC, 1949–56), and game shows such as Stop the Music (ABC, 1949–56) and Groucho Marx’s

  • Hopalong Cassidy (American radio program)

    William Boyd: …it for the radio show Hopalong Cassidy (1948–52) as well as for a television series, likewise called Hopalong Cassidy (1952–54).

  • hopbush (shrub)

    Hopbush, common name for certain tropical and subtropical bushes and trees of the genus Dodonaea, within the soapberry family (Sapindaceae), in particular D. viscosa—also called akeake—a widely distributed shrub or small tree. D. viscosa grows to about 4.5 metres (15 feet) tall and is somewhat

  • Hopcroft, John Edward (American computer scientist)

    John Edward Hopcroft, American computer scientist and cowinner of the 1986 A.M. Turing Award, the highest honour in computer science, for “fundamental achievements in the design and analysis of algorithms and data structures.” In addition, Hopcroft made major contributions to automata theory and

  • Hope (album by Masekela)

    Hugh Masekela: …in South Africa, Masekela released Hope (1994), his South African band’s revival of his biggest hits over the decades. He followed that with Johannesburg (1995), a departure from his previous work because it featured American-sounding rap, hip-hop, and contemporary urban pop selections. Masekela’s own contribution was limited to jazzy trumpet…

  • hope (Christianity)

    Hope, in Christian thought, one of the three theological virtues, the others being faith and charity (love). It is distinct from the latter two because it is directed exclusively toward the future, as fervent desire and confident expectation. When hope has attained its object, it ceases to be hope

  • Hope (Arkansas, United States)

    Hope, city, seat (1939) of Hempstead county, southwestern Arkansas, U.S., about 35 miles (56 km) northeast of Texarkana. It was founded in 1852 as a station on the Cairo and Fulton (now Union Pacific) Railroad and was named for the daughter of James Loughborough, a railroad land commissioner who

  • Hope (British Columbia, Canada)

    Hope, district municipality, southwestern British Columbia, Canada. It lies at the confluence of the Coquihalla and Fraser rivers in the forested Coast Mountains, near Mount Hope (6,000 feet [1,829 metres]), 90 miles (145 km) east of Vancouver. The Hudson’s Bay Company established Fort Hope on the

  • Hope (painting by Watts)

    George Frederick Watts: …of his later works, “Hope” (1886; version in the Tate Gallery, London), is ambiguous and may be ironic in meaning. Although he tended to despise portrait painting, Watts completed many shrewdly observed portraits of his famous contemporaries, notably that of Cardinal Manning (1882; National Portrait Gallery, London). The house…

  • HOPE Act (United States [2013])

    Dorry Segev: …helped draft legislation for the HIV Organ Policy Equity (HOPE) Act (2013), which made transplants between HIV-positive donors and HIV-positive recipients legal for the first time in the country since being banned in the 1980s.

  • Hope and Glory (film by Boorman [1987])

    John Boorman: Boorman left primeval nature for Hope and Glory (1987), a semiautobiographical story about a boy growing up in London during the air raids of World War II. He earned an Academy Award nomination for directing and another for his screenplay; the movie also received a best-picture nod.

  • Hope at the Hideout (album by Staples)

    Mavis Staples: …a concert album prior to Hope at the Hideout (2008), recorded at a small venue in her hometown of Chicago. Staples’s set list, grounded in civil rights anthems and freedom songs, could function as a sort of short course in African American history over the previous half century, and the…

  • Hope Diamond (gem)

    Hope diamond, sapphire-blue gemstone from India, one of the largest blue diamonds known. It is thought to have been cut from a 112-carat stone brought to France by the jewel trader Jean-Baptiste Tavernier and purchased by Louis XIV in 1668 as part of the French crown jewels. This stone, later

  • Hope Floats (film by Whitaker [1998])

    Forest Whitaker: …1992 novel by Terry McMillan; Hope Floats (1998); and First Daughter (2004). In addition, he played Erie in a brief 2016 Broadway revival of the short Eugene O’Neill play Hughie.

  • Hope Six Demolition Project, The (album by Harvey)

    PJ Harvey: …saw as American-made injustices on The Hope Six Demolition Project (2016), which she researched by touring Kosovo, Afghanistan, and parts of Washington, D.C.; the album was recorded in public behind one-way glass as part of an art installation. In 2013 she was named a Member of the Order of the…

  • Hope Springs (film by Herman [2003])

    Mary Steenburgen: …Sunshine State (2002), the romance Hope Springs (2003), and the Will Ferrell vehicle Elf (2003). During this time Steenburgen began making guest appearances on the cult favourite television show Curb Your Enthusiasm. She starred with Amber Tamblyn and Joe Mantegna in the 2003–05 TV series Joan of Arcadia. In addition,…

  • Hope Springs (film by Frankel [2012])

    Steve Carell: In the lighthearted Hope Springs (2012), he appeared as a marriage counselor to a couple played by Meryl Streep and Tommy Lee Jones. In 2013 Carell starred as a glitzy Las Vegas magician facing competition from a rival performer in The Incredible Burt Wonderstone and played an overbearing…

  • Hope Theatre (theatre, London, United Kingdom)

    Hope Theatre, London playhouse that served as both a theatre and an arena for bearbaiting and bullbaiting, located on the Bankside in Southwark in what had been the Bear Garden. Philip Henslowe and Jacob Meade built the theatre in 1613–14 for Lady Elizabeth’s Men. The contract for the Hope, dated

  • Hope, A. D. (Australian poet)

    A.D. Hope, Australian poet who is best known for his elegies and satires. Hope, who began publishing poems when he was 14 years old, was educated in Australia and at the University of Oxford. He taught at various Australian universities, including Sydney Teachers’ College and Melbourne University,

  • Hope, Alec Derwent (Australian poet)

    A.D. Hope, Australian poet who is best known for his elegies and satires. Hope, who began publishing poems when he was 14 years old, was educated in Australia and at the University of Oxford. He taught at various Australian universities, including Sydney Teachers’ College and Melbourne University,

  • Hope, Anthony (English author)

    Anthony Hope, English author of cloak-and-sword romances, notably The Prisoner of Zenda. Educated at Marlborough and at Balliol College, Oxford, he became a lawyer in 1887. The immediate success of The Prisoner of Zenda (1894), his sixth novel—and its sequel, Rupert of Hentzau (1898)—turned him

  • Hope, Bob (American actor and entertainer)

    Bob Hope, British-born American entertainer and comic actor known for his rapid-fire delivery of jokes and one-liners and for his success in virtually all entertainment media. He was also known for his decades of overseas USO tours to entertain U.S. troops, and he received numerous awards and

  • Hope, Claude (American horticulturalist)

    Claude Hope, American horticulturist (born May 10, 1907, Sweetwater, Texas—died July 14, 2000, Dulce Nombre de Jesús, Costa Rica), transformed North American gardens with the introduction of impatiens, flowering annuals that flourished in shady conditions and later became the number one bedding p

  • Hope, Frederic (American art director)
  • Hope, John (American educator)

    John Hope, American educator and advocate of advanced liberal-arts instruction for blacks at a time when the opposing views of Booker T. Washington for technical training held sway. Hope became the president of Atlanta University, the first graduate school for blacks, and he was one of the founders

  • Hope, Laura Lee (pen name for authors of “Bobbsey Twins”)

    Bobbsey Twins: …children’s books by American author Laura Lee Hope (a collective pseudonym for many writers, including Harriet S. Adams). The characters made their first appearance in The Bobbsey Twins; or, Merry Days Indoors and Out (1904). Many of the early books from the original series (which eventually ran to more than…

  • Hope, Leslie Townes (American actor and entertainer)

    Bob Hope, British-born American entertainer and comic actor known for his rapid-fire delivery of jokes and one-liners and for his success in virtually all entertainment media. He was also known for his decades of overseas USO tours to entertain U.S. troops, and he received numerous awards and

  • Hope, Lugenia Burns (American social reformer)

    Lugenia Burns Hope, American social reformer whose Neighborhood Union and other community service organizations improved the quality of life for blacks in Atlanta, Ga., and served as a model for the future Civil Rights Movement. Hope gained experience as an adolescent by working, often full time,

  • Hope, Party of (political party, Japan)

    Abe Shinzo: …apply for membership in the Party of Hope, an upstart reform party launched by Tokyo governor and former LDP member Koike Yuriko. Although preelection polling put the Party of Hope far behind the incumbent LDP coalition, Koike represented the strongest challenge to Abe’s government since his return to power in…

  • Hope, Thomas (English author and furniture designer)

    Thomas Hope, English author and furniture designer who was a major exponent of the Regency style of English decorative arts. Hope was a member of a rich banking family that had emigrated from Scotland to Holland. During his youth he studied architecture and traveled extensively in Mediterranean

  • Hope, Victor Alexander John (British statesman and viceroy of India)

    Victor Alexander John Hope, 2nd marquess of Linlithgow, British statesman and longest serving viceroy of India (1936–43) who suppressed opposition to British presence there during World War II. He succeeded to the marquessate in 1908. During World War I (1914–18) Linlithgow served on the western

  • Hope-Jones, Robert (British-American organ maker)

    Robert Hope-Jones, British-American organ builder who introduced several innovations into electric-organ construction and influenced organ development in the United States. A church organist as well as head electrician of the National Telephone Co., Hope-Jones established an organ-manufacturing

  • Hopefield (South Africa)

    Hopefield, town, Western Cape province, South Africa, north of Cape Town. The town was laid out in 1852 and was named for the two Cape Colony government officials who were responsible, named Hope and Field. Municipal status was granted in 1914. Hopefield is situated in a semiarid agricultural

  • Hopeh (province, China)

    Hebei, sheng (province) of northern China, located on the Bo Hai (Gulf of Chihli) of the Yellow Sea. It is bounded to the northwest by the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and by the provinces of Liaoning to the northeast, Shandong to the southeast, Henan to the south, and Shanxi to the west. Hebei

  • Hopetedia praetermissa (fossil plant)

    Hymenophyllaceae: …to Hymenophyllaceae is that of Hopetedia praetermissa, from the Triassic Period (251.9 million to 201.3 million years ago), discovered in North Carolina. Traditionally, the two principal genera of modern filmy ferns have been recognized as Hymenophyllum and Trichomanes, which differ in details of the soral morphology. The other most commonly…

  • Hopewell (Virginia, United States)

    Hopewell, city, administratively independent of, but located in, Prince George county, southeastern Virginia, U.S. Hopewell is an inland port at the confluence of the James and Appomattox rivers, 23 miles (37 km) southeast of Richmond. Settlement began in 1613 around a plantation called Bermuda

  • Hopewell culture (North American Indian culture)

    Hopewell culture, notable ancient Indian culture of the east-central area of North America. It flourished from about 200 bce to 500 ce chiefly in what is now southern Ohio, with related groups in Michigan, Wisconsin, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Pennsylvania, and New York. The name is derived

  • Hopewell Culture National Historical Park (park, Ohio, United States)

    Hopewell Culture National Historical Park, cultural history site encompassing several groups of monumental earthworks of the Hopewell culture, dating between 200 bce and 500 ce, in south-central Ohio, U.S. The park was established as a national monument in 1923; it has undergone substantial

  • Hopf, Eberhard (American mathematician)

    automata theory: Control and single-series prediction: mathematician, Eberhard Hopf, to solve what is now called the Wiener-Hopf integral equation, an equation that had been suggested in a study of the structure of stars but later recurred in many contexts, including electrical-communication theory, and was seen to involve an extrapolation of continuously distributed…

  • Hopf, Heinz (Swiss mathematician)

    Pavel Sergeevich Aleksandrov: …multivolume collaboration with Swiss mathematician Heinz Hopf.

  • Hophra (king of Egypt)

    Apries, fourth king (reigned 589–570 bce) of the 26th dynasty (664–525 bce; see ancient Egypt: The Late period [664–332 bce]) of ancient Egypt; he succeeded his father, Psamtik II. Apries failed to help his ally King Zedekiah of Judah against the invading armies of Nebuchadrezzar II of Babylon, but

  • hopi (North American Indian religion)

    Kachina, in traditional religions of the Pueblo Indians of North America, any of more than 500 divine and ancestral spirit beings who interact with humans. Each Pueblo culture has distinct forms and variations of kachinas. Kachinas are believed to reside with the tribe for half of each year. They

  • Hopi (people)

    Hopi, the westernmost group of Pueblo Indians, situated in what is now northeastern Arizona, on the edge of the Painted Desert. They speak a Northern Uto-Aztecan language. The precise origin of the Hopi is unknown, although it is thought that they and other Pueblo peoples descended from the

  • Hopi chipmunk (rodent)

    chipmunk: The Hopi chipmunk (T. rufus) lives among the buttes and canyonlands of the American Southwest and is remarkably adept at climbing sheer rock faces and overhangs. The Uinta chipmunk (T. umbrinus), which lives in montane forests of the western United States, is much like a tree…

  • Hopi language

    Hopi language, a North American Indian language of the Uto-Aztecan family, spoken by the Hopi people of northeastern Arizona. Hopi is of particular interest because of the way in which concepts of time and space are expressed in it: in its verb forms, for example, an event at a great distance from

  • Hôpital Saint-Jean (château, Angers, France)

    Angers: …monuments, of which the French Hôpital Saint-Jean (now housing an archaeological museum) is the most striking. The city’s massive, moated château, whose 17 towers are from 130 to 190 feet (40 to 58 metres) high, was built in 1230 on the site of earlier castles; it houses the late 14th-century…

  • Hôpital, L’ (national capital, Haiti)

    Port-au-Prince, capital, chief port, and commercial centre of the West Indian republic of Haiti. It is situated on a magnificent bay at the apex of the Gulf of Gonâve (Gonaïves), which is protected from the open sea by the island of La Gonâve. The city was laid out in a grid pattern in 1749 by the

  • Hôpital, Michel de L’ (French chancellor)

    history of Europe: Nation-states and dynastic rivalries: …monarch was Charles IX’s chancellor, Michel de L’Hôpital, but his reforms in the 1560s were frustrated by the anarchy of the religious wars. In France the middle class aspired to ennoblement in the royal administration and mortgaged their future to the monarchy by investment in office and the royal finances.…

  • Hopkins, Anthony (Welsh actor)

    Anthony Hopkins, Welsh stage and film actor of burning intensity, often seen at his best when playing pathetic misfits or characters on the fringes of insanity. Hopkins had early ambitions to be a concert pianist. He began acting at age 18 when he joined a YMCA dramatic club. He received a

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