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  • Honda Toshiaki (Japanese scholar)

    Honda Toshiaki, one of the first Japanese scholars to undertake a thorough investigation of Western thought and customs and to advocate the adoption by Japan of many Western techniques and ideas. A well-known mathematician, with his own school at the age of 24, Honda began his study of the Dutch

  • Hondawake no Mikoto (emperor of Japan)

    Ōjin, semilegendary 15th emperor of Japan, who according to tradition flourished in the 3rd–4th century. Ōjin is believed to have consolidated imperial power, spearheaded land reform, and actively promoted cultural exchanges with Korea and China. It is said that highly skilled weaving techniques

  • Hondecoeter, Melchior de (Dutch painter)

    Melchior de Hondecoeter, Baroque painter of the Dutch school who specialized in bird studies. Hondecoeter was the grandson of Gilles and the son of Gijsbrecht de Hondecoeter, as well as the nephew by marriage of Jan Baptist Weenix, all of whom were painters of animals and still lifes. Hondecoeter

  • honden (architecture)

    Japan: The establishment of warrior culture: …is built in the Japanese shinden style (a style of mansion construction developed in the Heian period) in its first and second stories, while its upper story is in the kara (“Chinese”) style of the Zen school. Thus Kitayama culture, while absorbing new Zen influences from China, retained much of…

  • Honderich, Beland (Canadian publisher and editor)

    Beland Honderich, Canadian publisher and editor (born Nov. 25, 1918, Kitchener, Ont.—died Nov. 8, 2005, Vancouver, B.C.), transformed the Toronto Star from a sensationalistic newspaper of the working class to the largest and most influential paper in the country. He recruited a higher quality of w

  • Hondius, Jodocus (Dutch cartographer)

    map: Maps of the discoveries: …son Cornelis) de Jode; and Jadocus Hondius. Early Dutch maps were among the best for artistic expression, composition, and rendering. Juan de la Cosa, the owner of Columbus’ flagship, Santa María, in 1500 produced a map recording Columbus’ discoveries, the landfall of Cabral in Brazil, Cabot’s voyage to Canada, and…

  • Hondo (film by Farrow [1953])

    John Farrow: Films of the 1950s: In 1953 Farrow also directed Hondo, which was shot in 3-D and adapted from a Louis L’Amour novel. It featured John Wayne as a cavalry scout trying to save a widow (Geraldine Page) and her son from the Apache. A Bullet Is Waiting (1954) was a western with Rory Calhoun…

  • Hondo (Japanese dialect)

    Japan: Languages: …the two major dialects of Hondo and Nantō. The Hondo dialect is used throughout Japan and may be divided into three major subdialects: Eastern, Western, and Kyushu. The Eastern subdialects were established in the 7th and 8th centuries and became known as the Azuma (“Eastern”) language. After the 17th century…

  • Hondo (American basketball player)

    John Havlicek, American collegiate and professional basketball player who came to be regarded as the best “sixth man” (bench player) in the history of the National Basketball Association (NBA) while a member of the Boston Celtics. He was the first player to compile 16 consecutive 1,000-point

  • Hondo (island, Japan)

    Honshu, largest of the four main islands of Japan, lying between the Pacific Ocean (east) and the Sea of Japan (west). It forms a northeast–southwest arc extending about 800 miles (1,287 km) and varies greatly in width. The coastline extends 6,266 miles (10,084 km). Honshu has an area of 87,992

  • Hondo River (river, Central America)

    Belize: Drainage and soils: …the New River, and the Hondo River (which forms the northern frontier with Mexico). Both the New and the Hondo rivers drain into Chetumal Bay to the north. South of Belize City the coastal plain is crossed by short river valleys. Along the coast is the Belize Barrier Reef, the…

  • Hondt, Victor d’ (Belgian politician)

    election: Party-list proportional representation: …named after its Belgian inventor, Victor d’Hondt, the average is determined by dividing the number of votes by the number of seats plus one. Thus, after the first seat is awarded, the number of votes won by that party is divided by two (equal to the initial divisor plus one),…

  • Honduran white bat (mammal)

    ghost bat: …(see sheath-tailed bat), whereas another New World ghost bat, also known as the Honduran white bat (Ectophylla alba), is a leaf-nosed bat. The Australian ghost bat (see false vampire bat) is a larger, grayish bat of the family Megadermatidae.

  • Honduras

    Honduras, country of Central America situated between Guatemala and El Salvador to the west and Nicaragua to the south and east. The Caribbean Sea washes its northern coast, the Pacific Ocean its narrow coast to the south. Its area includes the offshore Caribbean department of the Bay Islands. The

  • Honduras rosewood (plant)

    rosewood: …most important commercially are the Honduras rosewood, Dalbergia stevensoni, and the Brazilian rosewood, principally D. nigra, a leguminous tree up to 125 feet (38 metres) called cabiúna, and jacaranda in Brazil. Jacaranda (q.v.) also refers to several species of Machaerium, also of the Fabaceae (or Leguminosae) family, and a source…

  • Honduras, flag of

    horizontally striped blue-white-blue national flag with five central blue stars. The width-to-length ratio of the flag is 1 to 2.On July 1, 1823, Central America proclaimed its independence after two years under Mexican rule and formed the United Provinces of Central America. In 1838 Honduras

  • Honduras, Gulf of (gulf, Caribbean Sea)

    Gulf of Honduras, wide inlet of the Caribbean Sea, indenting the coasts of Honduras, Guatemala, and Belize. It extends from Dangriga (formerly Stann Creek), Belize, southeastward to La Ceiba, Hond., a straight-line distance between the two localities of about 115 miles (185 km). The gulf receives

  • Honduras, history of

    Honduras: History: The following history of Honduras focuses on events since European settlement. (For regional treatment, see pre-Columbian civilizations: Mesoamerican civilization; Latin America, history of; and Central America.)

  • Honduras, Republic of

    Honduras, country of Central America situated between Guatemala and El Salvador to the west and Nicaragua to the south and east. The Caribbean Sea washes its northern coast, the Pacific Ocean its narrow coast to the south. Its area includes the offshore Caribbean department of the Bay Islands. The

  • Honduras, República de

    Honduras, country of Central America situated between Guatemala and El Salvador to the west and Nicaragua to the south and east. The Caribbean Sea washes its northern coast, the Pacific Ocean its narrow coast to the south. Its area includes the offshore Caribbean department of the Bay Islands. The

  • Hone, William (English journalist)

    William Hone, English radical journalist, bookseller, publisher, and satirist, notable for his attacks on political and social abuses. He is remembered primarily for his struggle for the freedom of the English press. Hone taught himself to read from the Bible and became a solicitor’s clerk. A

  • Honecker, Erich (German politician)

    Erich Honecker, communist official who, as first secretary of East Germany’s Socialist Unity Party of Germany (Sozialistische Einheitspartei Deutschlands, or SED), was East Germany’s leader from 1971 until he fell from power in 1989 in the wake of the democratic reforms sweeping eastern Europe. The

  • Honegger, Arthur (French composer)

    Arthur Honegger, composer associated with the modern movement in French music in the first half of the 20th century. Born of Swiss parents, Honegger spent most of his life in France. He studied at the Zürich Conservatory and after 1912 at the Paris Conservatory. After World War I he was associated

  • Hōnen (Buddhist priest)

    Hōnen, Buddhist priest, founder of the Pure Land (Jōdo) Buddhist sect of Japan. He was seminal in establishing Pure Land pietism as one of the central forms of Buddhism in Japan. Introduced as a student monk to Pure Land doctrines brought from China by Tendai priests, he stressed nembutsu

  • Hōnen Shōnin (Buddhist priest)

    Hōnen, Buddhist priest, founder of the Pure Land (Jōdo) Buddhist sect of Japan. He was seminal in establishing Pure Land pietism as one of the central forms of Buddhism in Japan. Introduced as a student monk to Pure Land doctrines brought from China by Tendai priests, he stressed nembutsu

  • Hōnen shōnin eden (Japanese art)

    Japanese art: Painting: Such works as the Hōnen shōnin eden and the Ippen shōnin gyojo eden present biographies of the priests Hōnen, founder of the Pure Land sect, and Ippen, beloved charismatic who founded an Amidist subgroup, the Ji sect. In vitality of defining brushwork, rich palette, and lavish depiction of the…

  • Honesdale (Pennsylvania, United States)

    Honesdale, borough (town), seat of Wayne county, northeastern Pennsylvania, U.S., at the confluence of the Lackawaxen and Dyberry rivers, 24 miles (39 km) northeast of Scranton. Settled in the early 1800s, it was named for Philip Hone, who pioneered construction of the Delaware and Hudson Canal

  • Honeslaw (borough, London, United Kingdom)

    Hounslow, outer borough of London, England, on the western periphery of the metropolis. It is part of the historic county of Middlesex and lies in the valley of the River Thames. The borough was created in 1965 by the amalgamation of the former metropolitan boroughs of Brentford and Chiswick and

  • Honest Abe (president of United States)

    Abraham Lincoln, 16th president of the United States (1861–65), who preserved the Union during the American Civil War and brought about the emancipation of the slaves. Among American heroes, Lincoln continues to have a unique appeal for his fellow countrymen and also for people of other lands. This

  • Honest John (rocket)

    rocket and missile system: Postwar: Army began deployment of the Honest John in western Europe, and from 1957 the Soviet Union built a series of large, spin-stabilized rockets, launched from mobile transporters, given the NATO designation FROG (free rocket over ground). These missiles, from 25 to 30 feet long and two to three feet in…

  • Honest Leadership and Open Government Act (United States [2007])

    John Cornyn: …of open government, championing the OPEN Government Act (2007), a program that revised the Freedom of Information Act to ensure more timely action on the part of government agencies being petitioned. He also proposed legislation that would prohibit Congress from enacting bills that did not have an accompanying statement of…

  • honestiores (social class)

    ancient Rome: Developments in the provinces: …law as “the more honourable,” honestiores, was minutely subdivided into degrees of dignity, the degrees being well advertised and jealously asserted; the entire stratum, however, was entitled to receive specially tender treatment in the courts. The remaining population was lumped together as “the more lowly,” humiliores, subject to torture when…

  • honesty (plant genus)

    Honesty, (genus Lunaria), genus of three species of plants in the mustard family (Brassicaceae), native to Europe. Two of the species, annual honesty (Lunaria annua) and perennial honesty (L. rediviva), are widely grown for their fragrant flowers and papery seedpod partitions, which are used in

  • Honey (film by Ruggles [1930])

    Wesley Ruggles: The sound era: Honey (1930) was a musical that had been a hit on Broadway; its high point was the “Sing You Sinners” number performed by Lillian Roth. Ruggles then directed Cimarron (1931), which in its day was one of the most expensive films ever made, with an…

  • honey (food product)

    Honey, sweet, viscous liquid food, dark golden in colour, produced in the honey sacs of various bees from the nectar of flowers. Flavour and colour are determined by the flowers from which the nectar is gathered. Some of the most commercially desirable honeys are produced from clover by the

  • honey ant (insect)

    Honey ant, any member of several different species of ant (family Formicidae; order Hymenoptera) that have developed a unique way of storing the honeydew, a by-product of digestion that is gathered mainly from the secretions of aphids and scale insects. A worker ant, fed by the others, is called a

  • honey badger (mammal)

    Ratel, (Mellivora capensis), badgerlike member of the weasel family (Mustelidae) noted for its fondness for honey. Ratels live in covered and forested regions of Africa and southern Asia. The adult stands 25–30 cm (10–12 inches) at the shoulder and has a heavily built, thick-skinned body about

  • honey bear (mammal)

    Kinkajou, (Potos flavus), an unusual member of the raccoon family (see procyonid) distinguished by its long, prehensile tail, short muzzle, and low-set, rounded ears. Native to Central America and parts of South America, the kinkajou is an agile denizen of the upper canopy of tropical forests. The

  • honey bear (mammal)

    Sloth bear, (Melursus ursinus), forest-dwelling member of the family Ursidae that inhabits tropical or subtropical regions of India and Sri Lanka. Named for its slow-moving habits, the sloth bear has poor senses of sight and hearing but has a good sense of smell. Various adaptations equip this

  • honey bear (mammal)

    Sun bear, smallest member of the family Ursidae, found in Southeast Asian forests. The bear (Helarctos, or Ursus, malayanus) is often tamed as a pet when young but becomes bad-tempered and dangerous as an adult. It weighs only 27–65 kg (59–143 pounds) and grows 1–1.2 m (3.3–4 feet) long with a

  • honey bee (insect)

    Honeybee, (tribe Apini), any of a group of insects in the family Apidae (order Hymenoptera) that in a broad sense includes all bees that make honey. In a stricter sense, honeybee applies to any one of seven members of the genus Apis—and usually only the single species, Apis mellifera, the domestic

  • honey bell (plant)

    Honey bell, (Hermannia verticillata), a rambling shrub of the mallow family (Malvaceae), native to Africa. Widely cultivated indoors, chiefly as a basket plant, it grows up to 15 cm (6 inches) tall and bears, in pairs, fragrant yellow flowers that are about 1.5 cm (0.6 inch) long and have five flat

  • honey bush (plant)

    Honey bush, (Melianthus major), evergreen shrub, of the family Melianthaceae, native to southern Africa. Because of its sweet-scented flowers and handsome foliage, it is cultivated elsewhere, notably southern California. The plant, which grows to about 3 metres (10 feet) tall, has fragrant,

  • honey dog (mammal)

    marten: The yellow-throated marten (M. flavigula), of the subgenus Charronia, is also called honey dog for its fondness for sweet food. It is found in southern Asia. Its head-and-body length is 56–61 cm (22–24 inches), and its tail is 38–43 cm (15–17 inches) long. It has a…

  • honey gland (plant anatomy)

    angiosperm: Contribution to food chain: …flowers provide food from floral nectaries that secrete sugars and amino acids. These flowers often produce fragrances that attract pollinators which feed on the nectar. Nectar-feeding animals include many insect groups (bees, butterflies, moths, flies, and even mosquitoes), many mammal groups (bats, small

  • honey guide (bird)

    Honey guide, any of about 17 species of birds constituting the family Indicitoridae (order Piciformes). The honey guide gets its name from two African species, the greater, or black-throated, honey guide (Indicator indicator) and the scaly-throated honey guide (I. variegatus), that exhibit a unique

  • Honey in the Horn (work by Davis)

    H.L. Davis: …he stayed there to write Honey in the Horn (1935), which won a Pulitzer Prize in 1936. This novel secured Davis’ reputation as a novelist of the West whose slow-moving books explore the magic of landscape. Plot remains secondary to the quiet overall portrait of the era when the last…

  • Honey Island Swamp (swamp, United States)

    Pearl River: Honey Island Swamp, lying in the mid-delta area southwest of Picayune, is noted for its wildlife and fishing.

  • honey locust (tree genus)

    Honey locust, (genus Gleditsia), genus of 12 species of thorny trees or shrubs in the pea family (Fabaceae). Honey locusts are native to North and South America, tropical Africa, and central and eastern Asia. Some species are cultivated as ornamentals, and a number are useful for timber or as

  • honey mesquite (plant)

    desertification: Grazing lands: …in the southwestern United States, honey mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa) is a native shrub, but it can increase its range considerably when cattle overgraze grasslands. The resulting plant community supports few livestock and is a persistent one—that is, the extensive thickets of mesquite often prevent grasses from recolonizing their former range.

  • honey mushroom (fungus)

    Agaricales: Other families and genera: The edible honey mushroom (A. mellea) causes root rot in trees and can be a destructive forest pathogen. Its yellowish clusters are often found at the bases of trees and stumps, and black shoestringlike fungal filaments can be found in the decaying wood.

  • Honey Nut Cheerios (food)

    Ann Marie Fudge: …the development and introduction of Honey Nut Cheerios, one of the country’s best-selling breakfast cereals.

  • honey possum (marsupial)

    marsupial: The small honey possum (Tarsipes rostratus) is specialized to feed on the nectar of flowers, and other marsupials also may serve as important pollinators in that way. Few large carnivores have ever evolved in Australia, because of the low productivity of its environment. The most-recent large carnivorous…

  • Honey Pot, The (film by Mankiewicz [1967])

    Joseph L. Mankiewicz: Later films: …big screen until 1967, with The Honey Pot, a crime comedy that was an intermittently clever reworking of Ben Jonson’s Volpone; it starred Harrison and Susan Hayward. There Was a Crooked Man… (1970) was a western in which Kirk Douglas played a robber who is caught and sent to prison,…

  • honey stomach (anatomy)

    hymenopteran: Internal structure: …stomach into a crop, or honey stomach, which serves as a reservoir for liquids to be later regurgitated. In honey ant repletes, the crop may be greatly distended. In honeybees, it may contain as much as 75 milligrams (0.003 ounce) of nectar, which can be about one-third the insect’s total…

  • honey tree (plant and fruit)

    Raisin tree, (species Hovenia dulcis), shrub or tree, of the buckthorn family (Rhamnaceae), native to East Asia and sometimes cultivated in other regions. It is so-named because the fruit resembles a raisin in size and colour. The plant grows to about 7.5 m (about 25 feet) in height and has

  • Honey, Mount (mountain, New Zealand)

    Campbell Island: …1,867 feet (569 m) at Mount Honey, and gradually leveling off to the north. Cliffs border the west and south coasts, while the east is deeply indented by Perseverance and North East harbours. The island has a cold, humid, windy climate.

  • honeyballs (plant)

    Buttonbush, (genus Cephalanthus), genus of at least six species of shrubs or small trees of the madder family (Rubiaceae) native to Africa, Asia, and North America. Buttonbrush plants are named for their fragrant creamy white spherical flowers. They are sometimes used in landscaping and are a

  • honeybee (insect)

    Honeybee, (tribe Apini), any of a group of insects in the family Apidae (order Hymenoptera) that in a broad sense includes all bees that make honey. In a stricter sense, honeybee applies to any one of seven members of the genus Apis—and usually only the single species, Apis mellifera, the domestic

  • Honeybees and Colony Collapse Disorder

    In 2008 agricultural researchers sought to determine the cause of a mysterious disorder that was destroying colonies of Apis mellifera honeybees. The malady, called colony collapse disorder (CCD), was threatening honeybee populations across the United States, where they were essential for the

  • honeybush family (plant family)

    Geraniales: Melianthaceae, or the honey bush family, consists of 3 genera (Melianthus, Bersama, Greyia) and 11 species from tropical central and southern Africa. Melianthus and Bersama contain shrubs to small trees with pinnately compound leaves with serrate leaflet edges. Their monosymmetric flowers are arranged in a…

  • honeycomb (biology)

    beekeeping: Honeybees: …abdomen and mold it into honeycomb, thin-walled, back-to-back, six-sided cells. The use of the cell varies depending on the needs of the colony. Honey or pollen may be stored in some cells, while the queen lays eggs, normally one per cell, in others. The area where the bees develop from…

  • honeycomb monolith

    automotive ceramics: Catalytic converter substrates: Honeycomb monoliths have 1,000 to 2,000 longitudinal pores approximately one millimetre in size separated by thin walls. The material is commonly cordierite, a magnesium aluminosilicate (Mg2Al4Si5O18) known for its low thermal expansion. The extruded cordierite structure is coated with a wash of alumina, which in…

  • honeycomb moth (insect)

    pyralid moth: Other interesting pyralids include the greater wax moth (Galleria mellonella), also known as bee-moth, or honeycomb moth. The larvae usually live in beehives and feed on wax and young bees and fill the tunnels of the hive with silken threads. The larvae are particularly destructive to old or unguarded colonies…

  • honeycomb ringworm (pathology)

    ringworm: …or honeycomb, ringworm, also called favus, a ringworm of the scalp, characterized by the formation of yellow, cup-shaped crusts that enlarge to form honeycomb-like masses; and black dot ringworm, also a ringworm of the scalp, deriving its distinctive appearance and name from the breaking of the hairs at the scalp…

  • honeycomb sandwich (technology)

    aerospace industry: Working of materials: …notable example is the so-called honeycomb sandwich, which is far lighter than a metal plate of comparable thickness and has greater resistance to bending. The sandwich consists of a honeycomb core, composed of rows of hollow hexagonal cells, bonded between extremely thin metal face sheets. Aluminum is the most extensively…

  • honeycomb work (architecture)

    Stalactite work, pendentive form of architectural ornamentation, resembling the geological formations called stalactites. This type of ornamentation is characteristic of Islamic architecture and decoration. It consists of a series of little niches, bracketed out one above the other, or of

  • Honeycomb, The (work by Saint Johns)

    Adela Rogers St. Johns: She said in her autobiography, The Honeycomb (1969), that what she did not learn at school she had “learned from pimps, professional prostitutes, gamblers, bank robbers, poets, newspapermen, jury bribers, millionaire dipsomaniacs, and murderers.”

  • honeycreeper (bird)

    Honeycreeper, any of four species of tropical Western Hemisphere birds of the family Thraupidae, order Passeriformes. Many honeycreepers feed on nectar, and some are called sugarbirds. All honeycreepers are small, and many have thin, downcurved bills; the tongue is brushy and may be double-tubed.

  • honeydew (insect secretion)

    beekeeping: Honeybees: Sometimes they collect honeydew, an exudate from certain plant-sucking insects, and store it as honey. The primary carbohydrate diet of bees is honey. They also collect pollen, the dustlike male element, from the anthers of flowers. Pollen provides the essential proteins necessary for the rearing of young bees.…

  • honeydew melon (fruit)

    melon: They include the honeydew, casaba, and Persian melons. Flexuosus group, the snake or serpent melons, which grow up to 7 cm (3 inches) in diameter and about 1 metre (3 feet) in length. The flesh is slightly acidic and cucumber-like. Conomon group, the Asian pickling melons, which have…

  • honeyeater (bird)

    Honeyeater, any of the more than 180 species in the songbird family Meliphagidae (order Passeriformes) that make up the bellbirds, friarbirds, miners, and wattlebirds. Honeyeaters include some of the most common birds of Australia, New Guinea, and the western Pacific islands. The birds range in

  • Honeyman, Gitta Sereny (Austrian-born British author)

    Gitta Sereny, (Gitta Sereny Honeyman), Austrian-born British author (born March 13, 1921, Vienna, Austria—died June 14, 2012, Cambridge, Eng.), investigated the origins and nature of evil in her books on Nazi war criminals and child murderers. Sereny displayed an unusual ability to extract

  • Honeyman, Susie (musician)

    the Mekons: …1959, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England), Susie Honeyman, Steve Goulding, Sarah Corina, Lu Edmonds, and Rico Bell (byname of Erik Bellis).

  • Honeymoon (novel by Modiano)

    Patrick Modiano: In a review of Honeymoon, the English translation of Modiano’s Voyage de noces (1990), one reviewer wrote, “At times he reads like a strange cross between Anita Brookner and the Ancient Mariner, forever buttonholing the reader with his own brand of exquisite angst.” Though they are usually set in…

  • Honeymoon in Vegas (film by Bergman [1992])

    Bruno Mars: …Elvis in the 1992 film Honeymoon in Vegas (billed as Bruno Hernandez). As a young teenager, he appeared in a local revue impersonating Michael Jackson, and he taught himself to play piano, guitar, bass, and percussion. After graduating from high school, he moved to Los Angeles to pursue a career…

  • Honeymooners, The (American television program)

    DuMont Television Network: …the sketches that evolved into The Honeymooners series on CBS.

  • Honeynet Project (computer science)

    zombie computer: …those associated with the German Honeynet Project, have begun creating fake zombies, which can enter into and interact with members of a botnet in order to intercept commands relayed by their operators. This information can then be used to help find and arrest the “masterminds.”

  • honeysuckle (plant)

    Honeysuckle, (genus Lonicera), genus of about 180 species of ornamental shrubs and climbers of the family Caprifoliaceae. Honeysuckles are native to temperate zones of both hemispheres, but they also grow in the Himalayas, southern Asia, and North Africa; the majority of species are found in China.

  • honeysuckle family (plant family)

    Caprifoliaceae, the honeysuckle family of the order Dipsacales, comprising about 42 genera and 890 species. The family is well known for its many ornamental shrubs and vines. It is primarily composed of north temperate species but also includes some tropical mountain plants. The phylogeny (history

  • Honeywell International Inc. (American corporation)

    Honeywell International Inc., American advanced-technology company that manufactures aerospace and automotive products; residential, commercial, and industrial control systems; specialty chemicals and plastics; and engineered materials. The present company was formed in 1999 through the merger of

  • Honeywood (building, Sutton, London, United Kingdom)

    Sutton: 1707), and Honeywood, a 17th-century house that was the home of the writer Mark Rutherford. Honeywood was designated the Sutton Heritage Centre in 1990. Green spaces in the borough include Nonsuch (in Cheam), Rosehill, and Beddington parks. Services are central to the economy, but there is also…

  • Honfleur (France)

    Honfleur, seaport, Calvados département, Normandy région, northern France. It lies on the southern bank of the Seine River estuary, opposite Le Havre and west of Rouen. A yachting, tourist, and small fishing centre, it has a picturesque 17th-century harbour ringed with 15th- and 16th-century

  • hong (Chinese guild)

    Cohong, the guild of Chinese merchants authorized by the central government to trade with Western merchants at Guangzhou (Canton) prior to the first Opium War (1839–42). Such firms often were called “foreign-trade firms” (yanghang) and the merchants who directed them “hong merchants” (hangshang).

  • Hong Bang dynasty (Vietnamese dynasty)

    Vietnam: Legendary kingdoms: …as the first of the Hung (or Hong Bang) kings (vuong) of Vietnam’s first dynasty; as such, he is regarded as the founder of the Vietnamese nation.

  • Hong Chengchou (Chinese official)

    Hong Chengchou, leading Ming dynasty (1368–1644) official who became an important minister of the Qing (Manchu) dynasty (1644–1911/12) after he was captured by Manchu troops in 1642. Hong served the new government as grand secretary, the top ministerial position. He was responsible for influencing

  • Hong Duc code (Vietnamese history)

    Later Le Dynasty: …a new legal code, the Hong Duc code. This administrative system showed some Chinese influence but also contained distinctly Vietnamese elements.

  • Hong Gai (Vietnam)

    Ha Long, port city, northeastern Vietnam. Ha Long lies along Ha Long Bay of the Gulf of Tonkin, about 25 miles (40 km) northeast of Haiphong. It is an export centre for coal mined at nearby Quang Yen, the site of anthracite deposits that are the largest in Southeast Asia. Other economic activities

  • Hong gaoliang (film by Zhang [1987])

    Zhang Yimou: …first film, Hong gaoliang (Red Sorghum). The critically acclaimed epic—which won the Golden Bear at the Berlin film festival—starred Gong Li as a woman sold into marriage. Gong subsequently appeared in a number of Zhang’s films, including Ju Dou (1990), a drama about a woman in a loveless marriage…

  • Hong Jun-Pyo (South Korean politician)

    Liberty Korea Party: Hong Jun-Pyo, the Liberty Korea candidate in the May 2017 presidential election, finished a distant second to Democratic Party candidate Moon Jae-In, thus ending a decade of conservative rule in South Korea.

  • Hong Kong (administrative region, China)

    Hong Kong, special administrative region (Pinyin: tebie xingzhengqu; Wade-Giles romanization: t’e-pieh hsing-cheng-ch’ü) of China, located to the east of the Pearl River (Xu Jiang) estuary on the south coast of China. The region is bordered by Guangdong province to the north and the South China Sea

  • Hong Kong Academy for Performing Arts

    Hong Kong: Cultural milieu and the arts: …have been combined into the Hong Kong Academy for Performing Arts, offering full-time diploma courses in dance, drama, music, and technical arts.

  • Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation (British bank holding company)

    HSBC Holdings PLC, bank holding company based in London that originated as the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, Ltd., in 1865, with offices in Hong Kong, Shanghai, and London. It was established at a time of growing trade between China, India, and Europe. Before the close of the 19th

  • Hong Kong Disneyland (amusement park in Hong Kong)

    Hong Kong: Trade and tourism: Hong Kong Disneyland, a theme park based on the original Disneyland in California, opened in 2005 on Lantau Island and became a major amusement attraction.

  • Hong Kong flu of 1968 (pandemic)

    1968 flu pandemic, global outbreak of influenza that originated in China in July 1968 and lasted until 1969–70. The outbreak was the third influenza pandemic to occur in the 20th century; it followed the 1957 flu pandemic and the influenza pandemic of 1918–19. The 1968 flu pandemic resulted in an

  • Hong Kong flu pandemic of 1968 (pandemic)

    1968 flu pandemic, global outbreak of influenza that originated in China in July 1968 and lasted until 1969–70. The outbreak was the third influenza pandemic to occur in the 20th century; it followed the 1957 flu pandemic and the influenza pandemic of 1918–19. The 1968 flu pandemic resulted in an

  • Hong Kong flu virus

    1957 flu pandemic: …a new influenza A subtype, H3N2, which gave rise to the 1968 flu pandemic.

  • Hong Kong Harbour (strait, Hong Kong, China)

    Hong Kong: Relief: Victoria (Hong Kong) Harbour is well protected by mountains on Hong Kong Island that include Victoria Peak in the west, which rises to 1,810 feet (552 metres), and Mount Parker in the east, which reaches a height of about 1,742 feet (531 metres).

  • Hong Kong International Airport (airport, Hong Kong, China)

    airport: Evolution of airports: …Corporation’s cargo service, and the Hong Kong International Airport are the world’s largest cargo shippers, each of which handled nearly four million tons in 2007. In order to meet the increasing demand for air travel, large transport aircraft powered by multiple jet and turboprop engines have been built. Such aircraft…

  • Hong Kong International Film Festival

    Hong Kong: Cultural milieu and the arts: The Hong Kong International Film Festival, inaugurated in 1977, is a major event, especially for the display of Asian films. Hong Kong is also a regional as well as an international centre in fashion design and in the cutting and design of ornamental diamonds.

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