• 0-9
  • a
  • b
  • c
  • d
  • e
  • f
  • g
  • h
  • i
  • j
  • k
  • l
  • m
  • n
  • o
  • p
  • q
  • r
  • s
  • t
  • u
  • v
  • w
  • x
  • y
  • z
  • Holy League (European alliance [1511])

    Holy League: …League, either of two European leagues sponsored by the papacy in the late 15th and early 16th centuries, formed for the purpose of protecting Italy from threatened French domination.

  • Holy Maid of Kent (English ecstatic)

    Elizabeth Barton, English ecstatic whose outspoken prophecies aroused public opinion over the matrimonial policy of King Henry VIII and led to her execution. A domestic servant on the estate of William Warham, archbishop of Canterbury, she fell ill and about 1525 began to experience trances and to

  • Holy Mosque (mosque, Mecca, Saudi Arabia)

    Great Mosque of Mecca, mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, built to enclose the Kaʿbah, the holiest shrine in Islam. As one of the destinations of the hajj and ʿumrah pilgrimages, it receives millions of worshippers each year. The oldest parts of the modern structure date to the 16th century. The

  • Holy Mother Shri Sarada Devi (Hindu religious teacher)

    Sarada Devi, Hindu religious teacher who was the wife and spiritual consort of the Indian saint Ramakrishna. At the age of five Saradamani was wed to Ramakrishna in an arranged marriage. (Because Ramakrishna had taken a vow of celibacy, the marriage was never consummated.) When she was 16 years

  • Holy Mother, The (Hindu religious teacher)

    Sarada Devi, Hindu religious teacher who was the wife and spiritual consort of the Indian saint Ramakrishna. At the age of five Saradamani was wed to Ramakrishna in an arranged marriage. (Because Ramakrishna had taken a vow of celibacy, the marriage was never consummated.) When she was 16 years

  • Holy Mountain (mountain, Greece)

    Mount Athos, mountain in northern Greece, site of a semiautonomous republic of Greek Orthodox monks inhabiting 20 monasteries and dependencies (skítes), some of which are larger than the parent monasteries. It occupies the easternmost of the three promontories of the Chalcidice (Khalkidhikí)

  • Holy Mountain, The (film by Jodorowsky [1973])

    Alejandro Jodorowsky: El Topo and The Holy Mountain: In The Holy Mountain (1973) a Thief climbs down from a cross and enters a town where tourists film public executions and a circus of toads and chameleons reenacts the Spanish conquest of Mexico. The Thief then encounters the Alchemist (Jodorowsky), who transmutes the Thief’s excrement…

  • Holy Name Society (Roman Catholic organization)

    Catholic Action: …Action organizations, such as the Holy Name Society or the Legion of Mary, are open to all Roman Catholics, or at least all of a given age. Specialized Catholic Action groups are limited to members of a given profession or interest group, such as workers, students, doctors, lawyers, or married…

  • Holy Name Technical School (university, Romeoville, Illinois, United States)

    Lewis University, private, coeducational university in Romeoville, Illinois, U.S., 30 miles (50 km) southwest of Chicago. Lewis University is operated by the Christian Brothers, a teaching order of the Roman Catholic Church. It was founded in 1932 by the Chicago archdiocese as Holy Name Technical

  • Holy of Holies (Judaism)

    Holy of Holies, the innermost and most sacred area of the ancient Temple of Jerusalem, accessible only to the Israelite high priest. Once a year, on Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, he was permitted to enter the square, windowless enclosure to burn incense and sprinkle sacrificial animal blood. B

  • Holy Office, Congregation of the (Roman Catholic Church)

    Benedict XVI: Early life and career: As prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, the Vatican office responsible for preserving Catholic doctrine and evaluating according to canon law the warrant for disciplinary action against clergy, Ratzinger earned a reputation as a hard-liner. He condemned liberation theology and suppressed more-liberal theologians such as…

  • holy oil (religion)

    chrismation: …of the newly baptized with chrism (myron), a mixture of olive oil and balsam that is confected by the primates of the local churches, and says at each anointing, “The seal of the gift of the Holy Spirit.” The sacrament may also be administered to certain non-Orthodox Christians whose baptisms…

  • holy order (Christianity)

    Holy order, any of several grades in the ordained ministry of some of the Christian churches, comprising at various times the major orders of bishop, priest, deacon, and subdeacon and the minor orders of porter (doorkeeper), lector, exorcist, and acolyte. The term order (Latin: ordo, plural

  • holy orders (religion)

    Ordination, in Christian churches, a rite for the dedication and commissioning of ministers. The essential ceremony consists of the laying of hands of the ordaining minister upon the head of the one being ordained, with prayer for the gifts of the Holy Spirit and of grace required for the carrying

  • holy place

    Germanic religion and mythology: Worship: …Tacitus, took place in a sacred grove; other examples of sacred groves include the one in which Nerthus usually resides. Tacitus does, however, mention temples in Germany, though they were probably few. Old English laws mention fenced places around a stone, tree, or other object of worship. In Scandinavia, men…

  • Holy Roman Empire (historical empire, Europe)

    Holy Roman Empire, the varying complex of lands in western and central Europe ruled over first by Frankish and then by German kings for 10 centuries (800–1806). (For histories of the territories governed at various times by the empire, see France; Germany; Italy.) The precise term Sacrum Romanum

  • Holy Saturday (Christianity)

    Holy Saturday, Christian religious observance that ends the Lenten season, falling on the day before Easter Sunday. The observance commemorates the final day of Christ’s death, which is traditionally associated with his triumphant descent into hell. The early church celebrated the end of Lent with

  • Holy See (Roman Catholic government)

    Vatican City: The Holy See is the name given to the government of the Roman Catholic Church, which is led by the pope as the bishop of Rome. As such, the Holy See’s authority extends over Catholics throughout the world. Since 1929 it has resided in Vatican City,…

  • Holy Sepulchre (tomb, Jerusalem)

    Church of the Holy Sepulchre: …both the cross and the tomb.

  • Holy Sepulchre, Brotherhood of the (religious order)

    Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem: …and are drawn from the Brotherhood of the Holy Sepulchre, a body with monasteries in and near the holy places; this policy has been a cause of tension with the Arab population, from which the local married clergy is recruited. The liturgy is in Greek in the monasteries and in…

  • Holy Sepulchre, Church of the (church, Jerusalem)

    Church of the Holy Sepulchre, the church built on the traditional site of Jesus’ Crucifixion and burial. According to the Bible, his tomb was close to the place of the Crucifixion (John 19:41–42), and so the church was planned to enclose the site of both the cross and the tomb. The Church of the

  • Holy Shroud (relic)

    Shroud of Turin, a length of linen that for centuries was purported to be the burial garment of Jesus Christ. It has been preserved since 1578 in the royal chapel of the cathedral of San Giovanni Battista in Turin, Italy. Measuring 4.3 metres (14 feet 3 inches) long and 1.1 metres (3 feet 7 inches)

  • Holy Sinner, The (work by Mann)

    Thomas Mann: Later novels: …of his had done, and The Holy Sinner and The Black Swan, published in 1951 and 1953, respectively, show a relaxation of intensity in spite of their accomplished, even virtuoso style. Mann rounded off his imaginative work in 1954 with The Confessions of Felix Krull, Confidence Man, the light, often…

  • Holy Smoke (film by Campion [1999])

    Jane Campion: …Nicole Kidman and John Malkovich; Holy Smoke (1999), a dramedy that examines spiritual awakenings and deprogrammers and featured Kate Winslet; and the thriller In the Cut (2003). In 2009 Campion earned accolades for Bright Star, which chronicles the romance between poet John Keats and Fanny Brawne. She later cowrote and…

  • Holy Sonnets (poetry by Donne)

    Holy Sonnets, series of 19 devotional poems by John Donne that were published posthumously in 1633 in the first edition of Songs and Sonnets. The poems are characterized by innovative rhythm and imagery and constitute a forceful, immediate, personal, and passionate examination of Donne’s love for

  • Holy Spirit (Christianity)

    Holy Spirit, in Christian belief, the third person of the Trinity. Numerous outpourings of the Holy Spirit are mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles, in which healing, prophecy, the expelling of demons (exorcism), and speaking in tongues (glossolalia) are particularly associated with the activity

  • Holy Spirit Association for the Unification of World Christianity

    Unification Church, religious movement founded in Pusan, South Korea, by the Reverend Sun Myung Moon in 1954. Known for its mass weddings, the church teaches a unique Christian theology. It has generated much controversy, and its members are commonly derided as “Moonies.” Born in 1920, Moon was

  • Holy Spirit Movement (rebel organization)

    Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), militant group led by Joseph Kony that has waged a war of attrition against the government and peoples of Uganda and nearby countries since the late 1980s. Unlike most antistate terrorists, the LRA has been largely devoid of any national vision or unifying social

  • Holy Spirit, Cathedral of the (cathedral, Guildford, England, United Kingdom)

    Guildford: …Stag Hill is the modern cathedral (1936–68) designed by Sir Edward Maufe, the second newly sited Anglican cathedral built in England since the Reformation. The new diocese was separated from Winchester in 1927. Nearby are the buildings of the University of Surrey (incorporated 1966).

  • Holy Spirit, gifts of the (Christianity)

    Christianity: Conflict between order and charismatic freedom: As the uncontrollable principle of life in the church, the Holy Spirit considerably upset Christian congregations from the very outset. Paul struggled to restrict the anarchist elements, which are connected with the appearance of free charismata (spiritual phenomena), and, over against these, to…

  • Holy Stairs (stairs, Rome, Italy)

    Rome: San Giovanni in Laterano: …(the papal chapel) and the Scala Santa (“Holy Stairs”) were preserved. The Scala Santa had been the principal ceremonial stairway of the palace, but about the 8th or 9th century it began to be identified popularly as having been brought from Jerusalem by St. Helena, Constantine’s mother, reportedly from Pontius…

  • Holy State, the Profane State, The (work by Fuller)

    Thomas Fuller: …most interesting work is probably The Holy State, the Profane State (1642), an entertaining collection of character sketches important to the historian of English literature.

  • Holy Synod (Russian Orthodox Church)

    Holy Synod, Ecclesiastical governing body created by Tsar Peter I in 1721 to head the Russian Orthodox Church, replacing the patriarchate of Moscow. Peter created the Synod, made up of representatives of the hierarchy obedient to his will, to subject the church to the state, and appointed a secular

  • Holy Synod (Serbian Orthodox Church)

    Serbian Orthodox Church: …of the Serbian church, the Holy Synod, is composed of all its bishops, who meet once a year. There is also a standing synod of four members who administer the day-to-day affairs of the church, which is estimated to have about 8,000,000 adherents. Nearly 70,000 reside in the United States…

  • Holy Terrors, The (novel by Cocteau)

    Jean Cocteau: Influence of Radiguet: The novel Les Enfants terribles, written in the space of three weeks in March 1929, is the study of the inviolability of the character of two adolescents, the brother and sister Paul and Elisabeth. In 1950 Cocteau prepared the screenplay for a film of this work, and…

  • Holy Thursday (Christianity)

    Ascension: The Feast of the Ascension ranks with Christmas, Easter, and Pentecost in the universality of its observance among Christians. The feast has been celebrated 40 days after Easter in both Eastern and Western Christianity since the 4th century. Prior to that time, the Ascension was commemorated as a part…

  • Holy Thursday (religious holiday)

    Maundy Thursday, the Thursday before Easter, observed in commemoration of Jesus Christ’s institution of the Eucharist during the Last Supper. The name is thought to be a Middle English derivation taken from a Latin anthem sung in Roman Catholic churches on that day: “Mandatum novum do vobis” (“a

  • Holy Trinity (Christianity)

    Trinity, in Christian doctrine, the unity of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit as three persons in one Godhead. The doctrine of the Trinity is considered to be one of the central Christian affirmations about God. It is rooted in the fact that God came to meet Christians in a threefold figure: (1) as

  • Holy Trinity (monastery, Greece)

    Metéora: Nikolas (Áyios Nikolaos), Holy Trinity (Áyia Triada), and St. Stephen (Áyios Stéfanos). Some still serve a religious function, though they are now only sparsely populated by monks and nuns. Since the construction of paved roads through the area in the 1960s, it has been visited annually by thousands…

  • Holy Trinity Adored by Sir Edward Bonkil (work by Goes)

    Hugo van der Goes: It appears in the Holy Trinity Adored by Sir Edward Bonkil and The Royal Family of Scotland, panels that were probably designed as organ shutters (c. 1478–79), and culminates in the Death of the Virgin, executed not long before van der Goes’s death. The unearthly colours of this work…

  • Holy Trinity, Church of the (church, Salzburg, Austria)

    Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach: Early career in Italy and Austria.: …elegant concave facade of the Dreifaltigkeitskirche (Church of the Holy Trinity), for example, contrasts to and heightens the effect of the sober front of the adjoining seminary buildings. The almost geometric forms of the Kollegienkirche (University Church) surmounted by the undulating forms of its towers crown the university complex, providing…

  • Holy Trinity, Feast of the (Christianity)

    Feast of the Holy Trinity, Christian feast in honour of the Trinity, celebrated in Western liturgical churches on the Sunday following Pentecost (the 50th day after Easter). It is known that the feast was celebrated on this day from as early as the 10th century. Celebration of the feast gradually

  • Holy Trinity, The (painting by Masaccio)

    Masaccio: The Trinity: The Trinity, a fresco in the Church of Santa Maria Novella, also presents important pictorial innovations that embody contemporary concerns and influences. Painted about 1427, it was probably Masaccio’s last work in Florence. It represents the Trinity (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit) set…

  • Holy Virgin Mary, The (painting by Ofili)

    Charles Saatchi: …the display of Chris Ofili’s Holy Virgin Mary, a painting of the Madonna that included the artist’s signature balls of elephant dung. A further controversy arose in the art community over the appropriateness of a public museum displaying the contents of a private collection, particularly as some of the objects…

  • Holy Virgin, Cathedral of the (cathedral, Antwerp, Belgium)

    Antwerp: The city layout: This area contains the Cathedral of Our Lady, begun in the 14th century and restored in the 19th and 20th centuries; it is one of the nation’s finest Gothic buildings. The 19th-century city, with broader and substantially right-angled streets, stretches beyond the old city and merges with some of…

  • holy war (religious concept)

    Holy war, any war fought by divine command or for a religious purpose. The concept of holy war is found in the Bible (e.g., the Book of Joshua) and has played a role in many religions. See crusade;

  • Holy War, The (allegory by Bunyan)

    The Holy War, allegory by John Bunyan, published in 1682. It unfolds the story of the town of Mansoul, which is besieged by the hosts of the devil, is relieved by the army of Emanuel, and is later undermined by further diabolic attacks and plots against his rule. The metaphor works on several

  • holy water (Christianity)

    Holy water, in Christianity, water that has been blessed by a member of the clergy and is used in baptism and to bless individuals, churches, homes, and articles of devotion. A natural symbol of purification, water has been used by religious peoples as a means of removing uncleanness, either ritual

  • Holy Week (Christianity)

    Holy Week, in the Christian church, the week between Palm Sunday and Easter, observed with special solemnity as a time of devotion to the Passion of Jesus Christ. In the Greek and Roman liturgical books, it is called the Great Week because great deeds were done by God during this week. The name

  • Holy Well, The (work by Katayev)

    Valentin Katayev: …printed his Svyatoy kolodets (1967; The Holy Well), a remarkable lyrical-philosophical account of dreams experienced while the author is under anaesthesia for surgery. Clearly reflecting the influence of Marcel Proust, James Joyce, and Franz Kafka, Katayev weaves scenes of his family, friends, and lovers, events of Soviet history, and his…

  • Holy Willie’s Prayer (monologue by Burns)

    English literature: Burns: …hypocrisy, of which the monologue Holy Willie’s Prayer (written 1785) is an outstanding example. His work bears the imprint of the revolutionary decades in which he wrote, and recurrent in much of it are a joyful hymning of freedom, both individual and national, and an instinctive belief in the possibility…

  • Holy Wisdom, Church of the (cathedral, Istanbul, Turkey)

    Hagia Sophia, cathedral built at Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey) in the 6th century ce (532–537) under the direction of the Byzantine emperor Justinian I. By general consensus, it is the most important Byzantine structure and one of the world’s great monuments. The Hagia Sophia was built in

  • Holy Year (religious celebration)

    Year of Jubilee, in the Roman Catholic Church, a celebration that is observed on certain special occasions and for 1 year every 25 years, under certain conditions, when a special indulgence is granted to members of the faith by the pope and confessors are given special faculties, including the

  • Holyfield, Evander (American boxer)

    Evander Holyfield, American boxer, the only professional fighter to win the heavyweight championship four separate times and thereby surpass the record of Muhammad Ali, who won it three times. As an amateur boxer, Holyfield compiled a record of 160–14 and won the national Golden Gloves championship

  • Holyhead (Wales, United Kingdom)

    Holyhead, port and resort community on Holy Island (Ynys Gybi), Isle of Anglesey county, historic county of Anglesey (Sir Fon), northwestern Wales. Holyhead and Holy Island, just off the west coast of Anglesey island, bear many traces of prehistoric, Celtic, and Roman occupation. In 1801 Holyhead

  • Holyhead Mountain (mountain, Wales, United Kingdom)

    Isle of Anglesey: …point in the county is Holyhead Mountain, with an elevation of 720 feet (219 metres), on Holy Island. Anglesey island has low relief, with a series of low ridges and valleys running from northeast to southwest. Llangefni is the administrative centre for the county.

  • Holyoake, Sir Keith Jacka (prime minister of New Zealand)

    Sir Keith Jacka Holyoake, farmer and politician who served twice as prime minister (1957, 1960–72) and was the first politician to be appointed governor general of New Zealand (1977–80). A member of Parliament (1932–38, 1943–77), he was also vice-president of the Dominion Council of the Farmers

  • Holyoke (Massachusetts, United States)

    Holyoke, city, Hampden county, west-central Massachusetts, U.S. It lies on the Connecticut River just north of Chicopee and Springfield. Settled in 1725 as part of Springfield, it was included in West Springfield in 1774 until incorporated as a separate township in 1850. It was named either for an

  • Holyoke, Edward (American educator)

    Edward Holyoke, 10th president of Harvard College, who liberalized and strengthened its academic program. Born into a distinguished Massachusetts family, Holyoke attended the most prestigious schools in Boston before entering Harvard, from which he was graduated with high honours in 1705. He stayed

  • Holyrood (abbey, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom)

    Edinburgh: Holyrood: Away from the crowded buildings, at the lower end of the Royal Mile, is Holyrood. The Augustinian abbey, built on the first available expanse of solid ground at the foot of the volcanic crag and tail, was founded in 1128 and rebuilt about 1220.…

  • Holyroodhouse, Palace of (palace, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom)

    Edinburgh: Holyrood: The Palace of Holyroodhouse, which shouldered the abbey aside, comprises an early 16th-century wing, built by French and Scottish masons in the reign of James V (1513–42), and a 17th-century quadrangle court and facing wing. It is the British sovereign’s official residence in Scotland. Facing the…

  • Holywell (Wales, United Kingdom)

    Holywell, town, historic and present county of Flintshire, northeastern Wales. It is situated near the River Dee estuary. The holy well for which the town is named is on the spot where in the 7th century the head of the Celtic St. Winifred (Gwenffrwd) is said to have fallen when she was

  • Holywell Street (street, London, United Kingdom)

    pornography: …than 50 pornographic shops on Holywell Street (known as “Booksellers’ Row”) in London. Pornography continued to flourish during the Victorian Age in Britain and in the United States despite—or perhaps because of—the taboos on sexual topics that were characteristic of the era. The massive and anonymous autobiography My Secret Life…

  • Holzbauer, Ignaz (German composer)

    Mannheim school: …inspired conductor of the orchestra; Ignaz Holzbauer; Franz Xaver Richter; and Carlo Giuseppe Toeschi. These men established the supremacy of the Mannheim school and, in their orchestral works, initiated many of the effects that were to popularize it. The composers of the second generation are Anton Filtz; Johann Christian Cannabich,…

  • Hölzel, Johann (Austrian singer and songwriter)

    Falco (Johann Hölzel), Austrian rock singer and songwriter who was the number one national pop star and achieved international fame in the 1980s with the hits "Der Kommissar" and "Rock Me Amadeus" (b. Feb. 19, 1957, Vienna, Austria--d. Feb. 6, 1998, Puerto Plata, Dom.

  • Holzer, Hans (Austrian-born American parapsychologist)

    Hans Holzer, Austrian-born American parapsychologist (born Jan. 26, 1920, Vienna, Austria—died April 26, 2009, New York, N.Y.), was a globetrotting investigator into supernatural phenomena but was perhaps best known for his research pertaining to the house in Amityville, N.Y., where Ronald DeFeo

  • Holzer, Jenny (American conceptual artist)

    Jenny Holzer, American installation and conceptual artist who utilized original and borrowed text to create works that explored and questioned contemporary issues. She is best known for her flashing electronic LED sign sculptures that display carefully composed yet fleeting phrases that act as

  • Holzing-Berstett, Marie Luise von (German author)

    Marie Luise Kaschnitz, German poet and novelist noted for the hopeful and compassionate viewpoint in her numerous writings. After completing her education, Kaschnitz became a book dealer in Rome. She then traveled widely with her archaeologist husband, and the awareness of the classical past she

  • Holzkamp, Erhard (German chemist)

    Karl Ziegler: Polyethylene: …Martin, and two graduate students, Erhard Holzkamp and Heinz Breil, discovered the cause of the chain-ending reaction. Holzkamp reacted isopropylaluminum and ethylene in a stainless-steel autoclave at 100 to 200 atmospheres and 100 °C (212 °F). They expected to produce an odd-numbered alkene (an organic compound with a double carbon…

  • Holzman, Red (American basketball coach)

    Red Holzman, American basketball coach who led the New York Knicks to their only National Basketball Association championships, in 1970 and 1973 (b. Aug. 10, 1920, Brooklyn, N.Y.--d. Nov. 13, 1998, New Hyde Park,

  • Holzman, William (American basketball coach)

    Red Holzman, American basketball coach who led the New York Knicks to their only National Basketball Association championships, in 1970 and 1973 (b. Aug. 10, 1920, Brooklyn, N.Y.--d. Nov. 13, 1998, New Hyde Park,

  • Holzmeister, Clemens (Austrian architect)

    Austria: The arts: Clemens Holzmeister, perhaps the best-known 20th-century Austrian architect, had considerable influence on modern church design and was responsible for the two major festival theatres in Salzburg. The designs of Adolf Loos, Roland Rainer, Erich Boltenstern, and Carl Auböck had an impact on housing and office…

  • Holzwarth, Hans (German inventor)

    gas-turbine engine: Developments of the early 20th century: …the “explosion” turbine developed by Hans Holzwarth of Germany, whose initial experiments started in 1905. In this system, a compressor introduced a charge of air and fuel into a constant-volume combustion chamber. After ignition, the hot, high-pressure gas escaped through spring-loaded valves into nozzles directed against the blading of a…

  • homage (religion)

    worship: Variations or distinctions within the act of worship: …be shown lesser forms of veneration because of their special relationship to the divine.

  • homage (feudalism)

    Homage and fealty, in European society, solemn acts of ritual by which a person became a vassal of a lord in feudal society. Homage was essentially the acknowledgment of the bond of tenure that existed between the two. It consisted of the vassal surrendering himself to the lord, symbolized by his

  • Homage to Catalonia (work by Orwell)

    Homage to Catalonia, autobiographical account by George Orwell of his experience as a volunteer for the Republicans in the Spanish Civil War, published in 1938. Unlike other foreign intellectual leftists, Orwell and his wife did not join the International Brigades but instead enlisted in the

  • Homage to Clio (verse by Auden)

    Homage to Clio, collection of light verse by W.H. Auden, published in 1960. The collection is known for its austere craftsmanship, stylistic variety, and ironic wit. Like many of Auden’s later collections of poetry, Homage to Clio is arranged around a theme—in this case, history. The book’s only

  • Homage to Manet (painting by Orpen)

    Sir William Orpen: …of group portraits such as Homage to Manet (1909), in which he portrayed members of the contemporary English art world sitting in conversation beneath a famous portrait by that artist. Orpen was the official painter of the Paris Peace Conference after World War I, for which he painted The Signing…

  • Homage to Mistress Bradstreet (poetry by Berryman)

    Homage to Mistress Bradstreet, long poem by John Berryman, written in 1948–53 and published in 1956. Noted for its intensity, it is a tribute to colonial poet Anne Bradstreet that also reveals much about the author. The poem examines the tension between Bradstreet’s personal life and her artistic

  • Homage to New York (sculpture by Tinguely)

    Jean Tinguely: …the 27-foot-high metamatic entitled “Homage to New York,” whose public suicide he demonstrated at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City. The event was a fiasco, with the complicated assemblage of motors and wheels failing to operate (i.e., destroy itself) properly; it had to be dispatched by…

  • Homage to Sextus Propertius (poem by Pound)

    Ezra Pound: Development as a poet: …most important poetical works, “Homage to Sextus Propertius,” in the book Quia Pauper Amavi (1919), and Hugh Selwyn Mauberley (1920). “Propertius” is a comment on the British Empire in 1917, by way of Propertius and the Roman Empire. Mauberley, a finely chiseled “portrait” of one aspect of British literary…

  • Homage to the Square (painting series by Albers)

    Josef Albers: His best-known series of paintings, Homage to the Square (begun in 1950 and continued until his death), restricts its repertory of forms to coloured squares superimposed onto each other. The arrangement of these squares is carefully calculated so that the colour of each square optically alters the sizes, hues, and…

  • homagium (feudalism)

    Homage and fealty, in European society, solemn acts of ritual by which a person became a vassal of a lord in feudal society. Homage was essentially the acknowledgment of the bond of tenure that existed between the two. It consisted of the vassal surrendering himself to the lord, symbolized by his

  • Homalozoa (fossil echinoderm)

    Carpoid, member of an extinct group of unusual echinoderms (modern echinoderms include starfish, sea urchins, and sea lilies), known as fossils from rocks of Middle Cambrian to Early Devonian age (the Cambrian Period began about 542 million years ago, and the Devonian Period began 416 million

  • Homarus (lobster genus)

    crustacean: Importance to humans: …probably the true lobster (Homarus species), although overfishing since the early 20th century has greatly diminished the catches of both the North American and the European species. Freshwater crustaceans include crayfish and some river prawns and river crabs. Many species have only local market value. It is probable that…

  • Homarus americanus (crustacean)

    crustacean: Size range and diversity of structure: …10,000 species) that includes the American lobster, which can reach a weight of 20 kilograms (44 pounds), and the giant Japanese spider crab, which has legs that can span up to 3.7 metres (12 feet). At the other end of the scale, some of the water fleas (class Branchiopoda), such…

  • homatropine (drug)

    atropine: Homatropine, for example, has a more transient action in the eye and little or no effect on the central nervous system; dicyclomine exerts direct relaxant effects on the gastrointestinal tract and is used in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome; and oxybutynin acts on the…

  • Hombori Tondo, Mount (mountain, Mali)

    Mali: Relief: …is the country’s highest point, Mount Hombori Tondo, which rises to a height of 3,789 feet (1,155 metres).

  • Hombre (film by Ritt [1967])

    Hombre, American western film, released in 1967, that was widely considered a classic of the genre. The revisionist western was the sixth and final movie that paired director Martin Ritt and star Paul Newman. John Russell (played by Newman) is a young man raised by Apaches. He reluctantly leaves

  • hombre (card game)

    Ombre, Anglicized version of the classic Spanish card game originally called hombre (meaning “man”) and now known as tresillo in Spain and South America. Three players each receive 10 cards from the Spanish suited 40-card deck lacking 10-9-8 in each suit; the remaining cards go facedown as a stock.

  • hombre deshabitado, El (play by Alberti)

    Spanish literature: Reform of the drama: In El hombre deshabitado (1931; “The Uninhabited Man”), a modern allegorical play in the manner of Calderón’s autos sacramentales, he created poetic, fatalistic myths out of realistic themes and folk motifs. The renovation of the drama attempted by Azorín, Valle-Inclán, Grau, and others of the Generation…

  • hombre que parecía un caballo, El (work by Arévalo Martínez)

    Rafael Arévalo Martínez: …title story of his collection El hombre que parecía un caballo (1920; “The Man Who Resembled a Horse”), which was once considered the most famous Latin American short story of the 20th century. First published in 1915, the story was so successful that Arévalo made other experiments in the same…

  • Hombres de maíz (work by Asturias)

    Miguel Ángel Asturias: In Hombres de maíz (1949; Men of Maize), the novel generally considered his masterpiece, Asturias depicts the seemingly irreversible wretchedness of the Indian peasant. Another aspect of that misery—the exploitation of Indians on the banana plantations—appears in the epic trilogy that comprises the novels Viento fuerte (1950; The Cyclone), El…

  • Hombres y engranajes (work by Sábato)

    Ernesto Sábato: …published nonfiction works such as Hombres y engranajes (1951; “Men and Gears”), examining the myth of progress and the use of machine technology as a model for social structures, and Heterodoxia (1953; “Heterodoxy”), on the problems of modern civilization and what Sábato saw as an attendant loss of earlier moral…

  • Homburg (Germany)

    Homburg, city, Saarland Land (state), southwestern Germany. It lies on the Erbach River, northeast of Saarbrücken. Chartered in 1330 and 1558, it belonged to the counts of Homburg, most of whose territory was divided in 1499 between the houses of Nassau-Saarbrücken and Pfalz-Zweibrücken. It became

  • Homburg, Battle of (German history)

    Germany: The discontent of the lay princes: …defeat the Saxon rebellion at Homburg near Langensalza in June 1075. But, when the life-and-death struggle with Rome opened only half a year later, the southern German malcontents deserted Henry and, together with the Saxons and a handful of bishops, entered into an alliance with Gregory VII. Few of them…

  • Home (novel by Robinson)

    Marilynne Robinson: Later fiction: Home was received enthusiastically and won the Orange Prize for Fiction (later the Baileys Women’s Prize for Fiction) in 2009. Lila is a prequel to Gilead, telling the story of John Ames’s wife, the eponymous Lila, who appears mostly in passing in earlier works. The…

  • Home (album by Dixie Chicks)

    Dixie Chicks: In 2003 Home (2002), a return to the Chicks’ acoustic roots that featured a popular cover of Fleetwood Mac’s “Landslide,” was named best country album at the Grammy Awards, and the songs “Long Time Gone” and “Lil’ Jack Slade” also received awards.

  • Home (novel by Morrison)

    Toni Morrison: In the redemptive Home (2012), a traumatized Korean War veteran encounters racism after returning home and later overcomes apathy to rescue his sister. In God Help the Child (2015), Morrison chronicled the ramifications of child abuse and neglect through the tale of Bride, a black girl with dark…

  • Home Again (film by Meyers-Shyer [2017])

    Nancy Meyers: Meyers produced the romantic comedy Home Again (2017), which was written and directed by her daughter Hallie Meyers-Shyer.

  • Check out Britannica's new site for parents!
    Subscribe Today!