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  • glory-lily (plant genus)

    Gloriosa, genus of tuberous-rooted plants of the family Colchicaceae, native to tropical Africa and Asia. There are about six species, from about 1 to 2.4 m (3 to 8 feet) tall. These plants, variously known as climbing lilies or glory-lilies, are grown in greenhouses or outdoors in the summer. They

  • glory-of-the-seas cone (marine snail)

    cone shell: The glory-of-the-seas cone (C. gloriamaris) is 10 to 13 cm (4 to 5 inches) long and coloured golden brown, with a fine net pattern. Throughout most of the 19th and 20th centuries, it was known from fewer than 100 specimens, making it the most valuable shell…

  • glosa (Spanish poetic form)

    Canadian literature: Modern period, 1900–60: …Grey Flies, 1981) to the glosa, a Spanish poetic form (Hologram: A Book of Glosas, 1994).

  • gloss (surface lustre)

    papermaking: Optical properties: Gloss refers to surface lustre and connotes a generally pleasing aspect. Glare is used for a more intense reflection and a more unpleasant effect. Calendering and coating are important paper-treating methods that affect gloss. Gloss of paper is determined by measuring percent reflectance at a…

  • gloss (explanatory note)

    Romance languages: Romance glosses to Latin texts: …enough to prompt scribes to gloss little-known words in earlier Latin texts with more familiar terms. Though the glosses often reflect Romance forms, however, they are usually given in a Latinate form, and one gains the impression of a few superficial adjustments to archaic but fundamentally comprehensible texts. The best-known…

  • Glossa magna (work by Accursius)

    legal glossator: This compilation, the Glossa ordinaria, supplemented by the annotations of Accursius himself, was known as the Glossa magna (Great Gloss). For nearly a century its authority was no less than that of the original Roman texts.

  • Glossa magna in Pentateuchum (work by Oshaia)

    death: Judaism: In his Glossa magna in Pentateuchum (ad 210), Rabbi Oshaia had affirmed that there was a bone in the human body, just below the 18th vertebra, that never died. It could not be destroyed by fire, water, or any other element, nor could it be broken or…

  • Glossa Ordinaria (biblical work)

    biblical literature: The medieval period: …was greatly influenced by the Glossa Ordinaria, a digest of the views of the leading fathers and early medieval doctors (teachers) on biblical interpretation. This compilation owed much in its initial stages to Anselm of Laon (died 1117); it had reached its definitive form by the middle of the 12th…

  • Glossa ordinaria (work by Accursius)

    legal glossator: This compilation, the Glossa ordinaria, supplemented by the annotations of Accursius himself, was known as the Glossa magna (Great Gloss). For nearly a century its authority was no less than that of the original Roman texts.

  • Glossarium ad Scriptores Mediae et Infimae Graecitatis (work by Cange)

    Charles du Fresne, seigneur du Cange: …and Low Latin”) and the Glossarium ad Scriptores Mediae et Infimae Graecitatis (1688; “A Glossary for Writers of Middle and Low Greek”). These works were of major significance because in them he attempted to develop a historical perspective on the two languages; i.e., he tried to distinguish the medieval Latin…

  • Glossarium ad Scriptores Mediae et Infimae Latinitatis (work by Cange)

    Charles du Fresne, seigneur du Cange: …combined in his masterworks, the Glossarium ad Scriptores Mediae et Infimae Latinitatis (1678; “A Glossary for Writers of Middle and Low Latin”) and the Glossarium ad Scriptores Mediae et Infimae Graecitatis (1688; “A Glossary for Writers of Middle and Low Greek”). These works were of major significance because in them…

  • glossary

    dictionary: …book, is often called a glossary. When a word list is an index to a limited body of writing, with references to each passage, it is called a concordance. Theoretically, a good dictionary could be compiled by organizing into one list a large number of concordances. A word list that…

  • Glossary of Greek Birds, A (book by Thompson)

    Sir D'Arcy Wentworth Thompson: …on classical scholarship, such as A Glossary of Greek Birds (1895, new ed. 1936), and he also contributed many papers and reports on fishery statistics and oceanography. He was knighted in 1937.

  • glossator, legal (medieval jurist)

    Legal glossator, in the Middle Ages, any of the scholars who applied methods of interlinear or marginal annotations (glossae) and the explanation of words to the interpretation of Roman legal texts. The age of the legal glossators began with the revival of the study of Roman law at Bologna at the

  • glossematics (linguistics)

    Glossematics, system of linguistic analysis based on the distribution and interrelationship of glossemes, the smallest meaningful units of a language—e.g., a word, a stem, a grammatical element, a word order, or an intonation. Glossematics is a theory and system of linguistic analysis proposed by

  • glosseme (linguistics)

    glossematics: …the distribution and interrelationship of glossemes, the smallest meaningful units of a language—e.g., a word, a stem, a grammatical element, a word order, or an intonation. Glossematics is a theory and system of linguistic analysis proposed by the Danish scholar Louis Hjelmslev (1899–1965) and his collaborators, who were strongly influenced…

  • Glossina (insect)

    Tsetse fly, (genus Glossina), any of about two to three dozen species of bloodsucking flies in the housefly family, Muscidae (order Diptera), that occur only in Africa and transmit sleeping sickness (African trypanosomiasis) in humans and a similar disease called nagana in domestic animals. Tsetse

  • Glossina morsitans (insect)

    tsetse fly: …in dense streamside vegetation, and G. morsitans, which feeds in more open woodlands. G. palpalis is the chief carrier of the parasite Trypanosoma brucei gambiense, which causes sleeping sickness throughout western and central Africa. G. morsitans is the chief carrier of T. brucei rhodesiense, which causes sleeping sickness in the…

  • Glossina palpalis (insect)

    tsetse fly: …vectors of sleeping sickness are Glossina palpalis, which occurs primarily in dense streamside vegetation, and G. morsitans, which feeds in more open woodlands. G. palpalis is the chief carrier of the parasite Trypanosoma brucei gambiense, which causes sleeping sickness throughout western and central Africa. G. morsitans is the chief carrier…

  • Glossisphonia (leech genus)

    annelid: Annotated classification: …20 cm; examples of genera: Glossisphonia, Piscicola, Pontobdella. Order Arhynchobdellida Pharynx with 3 toothed jaws or none, noneversible; terrestrial or freshwater; bloodsuckers or carnivorous; size, minute to 20 cm; examples of genera: Hirudo,

  • glossitis (pathology)

    Glossitis, inflammation of the tongue characterized by loss of the surface papillae, a condition that gives the affected area a smooth, red appearance. Glossitis may be the primary disease, or may be a symptom of one of several hereditary and acquired conditions (such as certain forms of anemia,

  • Glossographia: or, A Dictionary Interpreting All Such Hard Words…As Are Now Used in Our Refined English Tongue (work by Blount)

    pall-mall: Thomas Blount’s Glossographia (1656) described it as

  • glossography

    St. Isidore of Sevilla: …of the chief landmarks in glossography (the compilation of glossaries) and was for many centuries one of the most important reference books.

  • glossolalia (religion)

    Glossolalia, (from Greek glōssa, “tongue,” and lalia, “talking”), utterances approximating words and speech, usually produced during states of intense religious experience. The vocal organs of the speaker are affected; the tongue moves, in many cases without the conscious control of the speaker;

  • Glossop, Peter (British opera singer)

    Peter Glossop, British opera singer (born July 6, 1928, Wadsley, Sheffield, Yorkshire, Eng.—died Sept. 7, 2008, Rousdon, Devon, Eng.), was a powerful onstage presence with a robust, well-placed voice that made him one of the leading interpreters of Giuseppe Verdi great baritone roles; in 1965 he

  • glossopalatine nerve (anatomy)

    human nervous system: Facial nerve (CN VII or 7): The intermediate nerve contains autonomic (parasympathetic) as well as general and special sensory fibres. Preganglionic autonomic fibres, classified as general visceral efferent, project from the superior salivatory nucleus in the pons. Exiting with the facial nerve, they pass to the pterygopalatine ganglion via the greater petrosal…

  • glossopharyngeal nerve (anatomy)

    human nervous system: Glossopharyngeal nerve (CN IX or 9): The ninth cranial nerve, which exits the skull through the jugular foramen, has both motor and sensory components. Cell bodies of motor neurons, located in the nucleus ambiguus in the medulla oblongata, project as special visceral efferent fibres to…

  • glossopharyngeal neuralgia (pathology)

    neuralgia: Glossopharyngeal neuralgia is a relatively rare disorder characterized by recurring severe pain in the pharynx, tonsils, back of the tongue, and middle ear. The onset of the disease usually occurs after the age of 40; males are affected more frequently than females. Pain may begin…

  • Glossopsitta porphyrocephala (bird)

    lorikeet: …of southern Australia, breathtakingly colourful purple-crowned lorikeets (Glossopsitta porphyrocephala) gather in small nomadic flocks to eat fruit, pollinating the flowering mallee in the process. Along with a deep purple cap, the head has red-and-yellow cheek pads. The chin and chest are sky blue, and the green wings are ornamented with…

  • Glossopteris (fossil plant genus)

    Glossopteris, genus of fossilized woody plants known from rocks that have been dated to the Permian and Triassic periods (roughly 300 to 200 million years ago), deposited on the southern supercontinent of Gondwana. Glossopteris occurred in a variety of growth forms. Its most common fossil is that

  • glossy abelia (shrub)

    Caprifoliaceae: Major genera and species: The glossy abelia (A. ×grandiflora) has pinkish white blooms and is evergreen in warm climates.

  • glossy buckthorn (shrub)

    Alder buckthorn, (Rhamnus frangula), woody shrub or small tree, of the buckthorn family (Rhamnaceae), native to western Asia, Europe, and northern Africa. It has been introduced into North America and other regions, where it is often cultivated as an ornamental. The plant grows rapidly, reaching a

  • glossy cutworm (insect)

    owlet moth: , the glossy cutworm [Crymodes devastator]) live underground and feed on plant roots. The larvae of Pseudaletia unipuncta, called armyworms, travel along the ground in large groups, destroying corn, small grains, sugarcane, cotton, and other crops. (The name armyworm is also generally applied to caterpillars of several…

  • glossy ibis (bird)

    ibis: The glossy ibis (Plegadis falcinellus) and its close relative the white-faced ibis (P. chihi) are small forms with dark reddish brown and glossy purplish plumage. As a group they are found throughout the warmer regions of the world.

  • glossy privet (plant)

    privet: Glossy privet (L. lucidum), from eastern Asia, is a 9-metre tree in areas with mild winters. It has 25-centimetre (10-inch) flower clusters in summer. Japanese privet (L. japonicum), about 4.7 m tall, has very glossy leaves. It also requires mild winters, as does the smaller…

  • Gloster E.28/39 (aircraft)

    military aircraft: The jet age: …before its British equivalent, the Gloster E.28/39, on May 15, 1941. Through an involved chain of events in which Schelp’s intervention was pivotal, Wagner’s efforts led to the Junkers Jumo 004 engine. This became the most widely produced jet engine of World War II and the first operational axial-flow turbojet,…

  • Gloster Meteor (military aircraft)

    aerospace engineering: Aeronautical engineering: …until 1944, when the British Gloster Meteor became operational, shortly followed by the German Me 262. The first practical American jet was the Lockheed F-80, which entered service in 1945.

  • glottal chink (anatomy)

    Glottis, either the space between the vocal fold and arytenoid cartilage of one side of the larynx and those of the other side, or the structures that surround that space. See

  • glottal stop (phonetics)

    Glottal stop, in phonetics, a momentary check on the airstream caused by closing the glottis (the space between the vocal cords) and thereby stopping the vibration of the vocal cords. Upon release, there is a slight choke, or coughlike explosive sound. The glottal stop is not a separate phoneme

  • glottis (anatomy)

    Glottis, either the space between the vocal fold and arytenoid cartilage of one side of the larynx and those of the other side, or the structures that surround that space. See

  • glottochronology (linguistics)

    Glottochronology, the study of the rate of change occurring in the vocabularies of languages for the purpose of calculating the length of time (time depth) during which two related languages have developed independently. Glottochronology rests upon statistical comparison of the basic vocabulary

  • Gloucester (England, United Kingdom)

    Gloucester, city (district), administrative and historic county of Gloucestershire, England. It lies on the River Severn between the Cotswolds to the east and the northern part of the Forest of Dean to the southwest. A 16-mile (26-km) ship canal links Gloucester to Sharpness docks in the Severn

  • Gloucester (county, New Jersey, United States)

    Gloucester, county, southwestern New Jersey, U.S., bordered by Pennsylvania to the northwest (the Delaware River constituting the boundary), the Great Egg Harbor River to the east and southeast, and Oldmans Creek to the southwest. It consists of a lowland region drained by the Maurice and Great Egg

  • Gloucester (Massachusetts, United States)

    Gloucester, city, Essex county, northeastern Massachusetts, U.S. It lies on the southern shore of Cape Ann, facing Massachusetts Bay, about 30 miles (48 km) northeast of Boston. Gloucester Harbor was first visited and mapped by Samuel de Champlain in 1605–06, and the site (at Stage Fort Park) was

  • Gloucester and Berkeley Ship canal (canal, England, United Kingdom)

    canals and inland waterways: Great Britain: …the Severn Canal and the Gloucester and Berkeley Ship Canal from Sharpness on the Severn to Gloucester. Birmingham’s growth and industrial prosperity were stimulated because the city became the centre of a canal system that connected London, the Bristol Channel, the Mersey, and the Humber. The Caledonian Ship Canal across…

  • Gloucester candlestick

    metalwork: England: The Gloucester candlestick (see photograph), in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London, displays the power and imagination of the designer as well as an extraordinary manipulative skill on the part of the founder. According to its inscription, this candlestick, which stands about two feet (60 centimetres)…

  • Gloucester Cathedral (cathedral, Gloucester, England, United Kingdom)

    Gloucester: Although the cathedral originated in the abbey of 681, the present building was dedicated in 1100. The abbey was disbanded during the dissolution of the monasteries (1536–39) under Henry VIII but became the seat of a bishopric in 1541.

  • Gloucester, Cape (cape, New Britain Island, Papua New Guinea)

    World War II: The encirclement of Rabaul: …thereby distracting Japanese attention from Cape Gloucester, on the northwestern coast, where a major landing was made on December 26. By January 16, 1944, the airstrip at Cape Gloucester had been captured and defense lines set up. Talasea, halfway to Rabaul, fell in March 1944. The conquest of western New…

  • Gloucester, Earl of (fictional character)

    King Lear: The subplot concerns the Earl of Gloucester, who gullibly believes the lies of his conniving illegitimate son, Edmund, and spurns his honest son, Edgar. Driven into exile disguised as a mad beggar, Edgar becomes a companion of the truly mad Lear and the Fool during a terrible storm. Edmund…

  • Gloucester, Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of (English noble)

    Wales: The Edwardian settlement: …barons of the older March, Gilbert de Clare of Glamorgan and Humphrey de Bohun of Brecon, Edward showed a determination to assert the sovereignty of the crown over the March and to eradicate abuses of the Custom of the March such as the claim, defiantly expressed by Gilbert, to the…

  • Gloucester, Gilbert de Clare, 8th Earl of (Welsh noble)

    Gilbert de Clare, 8th earl of Gloucester, Welsh nobleman whose belated support of King Henry III of England was a major factor in the collapse of the baronial rebellion led by Simon de Montfort. Gilbert married Alice of Angoulême, niece of King Henry III, succeeded his father (Richard de Clare) in

  • Gloucester, Gilbert de Clare, 8th Earl of, 9th Earl of Clare (Welsh noble)

    Gilbert de Clare, 8th earl of Gloucester, Welsh nobleman whose belated support of King Henry III of England was a major factor in the collapse of the baronial rebellion led by Simon de Montfort. Gilbert married Alice of Angoulême, niece of King Henry III, succeeded his father (Richard de Clare) in

  • Gloucester, Henry Stuart, Duke of (English noble)

    Henry Stuart, Duke of Gloucester, Protestant brother of Charles II of England. The third son of Charles I, he visited his father the night before his execution and for three years thereafter was confined by the Commonwealth regime. In 1652 Oliver Cromwell gave him permission to go abroad, and he

  • Gloucester, Humphrey Plantagenet, Duke of (English noble)

    Humphrey Plantagenet, duke of Gloucester, English nobleman who was the first notable patron of England’s humanists. He became known as the “good Duke Humphrey,” but many historians, pointing to his unprincipled and inept political dealings, have questioned the appropriateness of the title. The

  • Gloucester, Humphrey, duke of (fictional character)

    Henry VI, Part 1: …rivalry is between Henry’s uncle Humphrey, duke of Gloucester, the Lord Protector, and his great-uncle, Henry Beaufort, bishop of Winchester. The peace Henry V had established in France is shattered as Joan la Pucelle (Joan of Arc) persuades the newly crowned French king, Charles VII, to reclaim French lands held…

  • Gloucester, Richard de Clare, 7th Earl of (English noble)

    Richard de Clare, 7th earl of Gloucester, the most powerful English noble of his time. He held estates in more than 20 English counties, including the lordship of Tewkesbury, wealthy manors in Gloucester, and the great marcher lordship of Glamorgan. He himself acquired the Kilkenny estates in

  • Gloucester, Richard de Clare, 7th Earl of, 8th Earl of Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford (English noble)

    Richard de Clare, 7th earl of Gloucester, the most powerful English noble of his time. He held estates in more than 20 English counties, including the lordship of Tewkesbury, wealthy manors in Gloucester, and the great marcher lordship of Glamorgan. He himself acquired the Kilkenny estates in

  • Gloucester, Richard Plantagenet, duke of (king of England)

    Richard III, the last Plantagenet and Yorkist king of England. He usurped the throne of his nephew Edward V in 1483 and perished in defeat to Henry Tudor (thereafter Henry VII) at the Battle of Bosworth Field. For almost 500 years after his death, he was generally depicted as the worst and most

  • Gloucester, Richard, duke of (fictional character)

    Henry VI, Part 3: …this period of civil war, Richard, duke of Gloucester, the youngest brother of the new king Edward IV, emerges as a balefully ambitious schemer for power. He begins to reveal the accomplished villain who will emerge full-blown as the title figure in Richard III.

  • Gloucester, Robert, Earl of (English noble)

    Robert, earl of Gloucester, chief supporter of the royal claimant Matilda during her war with King Stephen of England (reigned 1135–54). The illegitimate son of King Henry I of England (reigned 1100–35), he was made Earl of Gloucester in 1122. After the death of Henry I and usurpation of power by

  • Gloucester, Statute of (England [1278])

    Edward I: Parliament and statutes: …in 1275, the statutes of Gloucester (1278) and of Quo Warranto (1290) sought with much success to bring existing franchises under control and to prevent the unauthorized assumption of new ones. Tenants were required to show “by what warrant” or right they held their franchises. Edward strove, unsuccessfully, to restore…

  • Gloucester, Thomas of Woodstock, Duke of (English noble)

    Thomas of Woodstock, duke of Gloucester, powerful opponent of King Richard II of England (ruled 1377–99). The seventh son of King Edward III (ruled 1327–77), he was created Duke of Gloucester in 1385 and soon became the leader of a party opposed to Richard II, his young nephew. In 1386 Gloucester

  • Gloucestershire (county, England, United Kingdom)

    Gloucestershire, administrative, geographic, and historic county of southwestern England. It lies at the head of the River Severn estuary on the border with Wales. The administrative, geographic, and historic counties cover somewhat different areas. The administrative county comprises six

  • Gloux, Olivier (French writer)

    Gustave Aimard, French popular novelist who wrote adventure stories about life on the American frontier and in Mexico. He was the main 19th-century French practitioner of the western novel. At the age of 12 Aimard went to sea as a ship’s boy and subsequently witnessed local wars and conspiracies in

  • glove (baseball equipment)

    baseball: Gloves: Baseball was originally played bare-handed. Beginning in 1860, catchers, who attempt to catch every pitch not hit, became the first to adopt gloves. First basemen, who take many throws for putouts from the infielders, soon followed, and finally all players adopted gloves. All gloves…

  • glove (hand covering)

    Glove, covering for the hand with separate sections for the fingers and thumb, sometimes extending over the wrist or part of the arm. Fingerless gloves, called mitts in colonial America, have five holes through which the fingers and thumb extend. Well-formed linen gloves with a drawstring closure

  • glove puppet

    puppetry: Hand or glove puppets: …classified as follows: These have a hollow cloth body that fits over the manipulator’s hand; his fingers fit into the head and the arms and give them motion. The figure is seen from the waist upward, and there are normally no legs. The head is usually…

  • Glove, the (American basketball player)

    Gary Payton, American basketball player who is regarded as one of the most tenacious defenders in the history of the National Basketball Association (NBA). When Payton went into the NBA in 1990, he was part of a new generation of players: they were brash, flashy, unafraid to speak their minds, and

  • Glove, The (work by Klinger)

    Max Klinger: …the Theme of Christ and Fantasies upon the Finding of a Glove. Their daring originality caused an outburst of indignation; nonetheless, the Glove series, on which Klinger’s contemporary reputation is based, was bought by the Berlin National Gallery. These 10 drawings (engraved in three editions from 1881) tell a strange…

  • Glover Mansion (building, Nagasaki, Japan)

    Nagasaki: …Nagasaki-kō is offered by the Glover Mansion, the home of a 19th-century British merchant and reputed to be the site of Giacomo Puccini’s opera Madama Butterfly. Peace Park, on the Urakami-gawa, was established under the point of detonation of the bomb. The Roman Catholic cathedral of Urakami (built in 1959…

  • Glover, Danny (American actor)

    Charles Burnett: It starred Danny Glover as a mysterious visitor who insinuates himself into the family, who come to realize that he is the embodiment of evil. To Sleep with Anger gained widespread critical acclaim and was Burnett’s first film to enjoy a modicum of commercial success. The Glass…

  • Glover, Donald (American actor, writer, and musician)

    Rihanna: In 2019 she starred with Donald Glover in the musical Guava Island; it premiered at the Coachella Valley Festival before streaming on Amazon.

  • Glover, Donald McKinley (American actor, writer, and musician)

    Rihanna: In 2019 she starred with Donald Glover in the musical Guava Island; it premiered at the Coachella Valley Festival before streaming on Amazon.

  • Glover, Douglas (Canadian author)

    Canadian literature: Fiction: Douglas Glover’s Rabelaisian Elle (2003) chronicles the adventures of a young French woman marooned during Jacques Cartier’s 1541–42 voyage to Canada. Douglas Coupland spawned a new vocabulary with Generation X: Tales for an Accelerated Culture (1991).

  • Glover, John (United States naval officer)

    Marblehead: General John Glover (1732–97) was a native of Marblehead, where he raised his famous amphibious regiment, which ferried General George Washington and his soldiers across the Delaware River in 1776 to successfully attack British-allied Hessian troops in Trenton.

  • Glover, Jonathan (British philosopher)

    ethics: Abortion, euthanasia, and the value of human life: …defended by the British philosopher Jonathan Glover in Causing Death and Saving Lives (1977) and in more detail by the Canadian-born philosopher Michael Tooley in Abortion and Infanticide (1983).

  • Glover, Melvin (American rapper)

    Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five: September 8, 1989), Melle Mel (original name Melvin Glover), Kid Creole (original name Nathaniel Glover), Mr. Ness (also called Scorpio; original name Eddie Morris), and Raheim (original name Guy Williams).

  • Glover, Savion (American dancer)

    Savion Glover, American dancer and choreographer who became known for his unique pounding style of tap dancing, called “hitting.” He brought renewed interest in dance, particularly among youths and minorities. As a young child, Glover displayed an affinity for rhythms, and at age four he began

  • Gloversville (New York, United States)

    Gloversville, city, Fulton county, east-central New York, U.S. It is adjacent to Johnstown, on Cayadutta Creek, in the Mohawk River valley, 44 miles (71 km) northwest of Albany. Settled in the 1760s, it was first known as Stump City. Tanning and glove making (for which it was renamed in 1832) began

  • GLOW (American television series)

    Marc Maron: …dealing with everyday issues, and GLOW (2017– ), in which he portrayed a down-on-his-luck director who works on a women’s wrestling show. Maron was cast in a number of movies in 2019, including Sword of Trust, in which he starred as a pawnshop owner, and Joker, a gritty origin story…

  • glow discharge (electronics)

    plasma: Applications of plasmas: …application of plasma involves the glow discharge that occurs between two electrodes at pressures of one-thousandth of an atmosphere or thereabouts. Such glow discharges are responsible for the light given off by neon tubes and such other light sources as fluorescent lamps, which operate by virtue of the plasmas they…

  • glow lamp (lighting device)

    lamp: Modern electrical light sources: Glow lamps are very low-power electric discharge lamps, with large metal electrodes in an atmosphere of neon. The neon glows orange near the negative electrode, producing a dim light suitable for pilot or indicator lamps. Neon lamps for signs are also electric discharge lamps. The…

  • Glow Worm (song)

    the Mills Brothers: …One You Love” (1944), “Glow Worm” (1952), and “Opus One” (1952).

  • Głowacki, Aleksander (Polish writer)

    Bolesław Prus, Polish journalist, short-story writer, and novelist who was one of the leading figures of the Positivist period in Polish literature following the 1863 January Insurrection against Russian rule. Born to an impoverished gentry family, Prus was orphaned early in life and struggled

  • glowing avalanche (volcanism)

    Pyroclastic flow, in a volcanic eruption, a fluidized mixture of hot rock fragments, hot gases, and entrapped air that moves at high speed in thick, gray-to-black, turbulent clouds that hug the ground. The temperature of the volcanic gases can reach about 600 to 700 °C (1,100 to 1,300 °F). The

  • glowing cloud (volcanism)

    Pyroclastic flow, in a volcanic eruption, a fluidized mixture of hot rock fragments, hot gases, and entrapped air that moves at high speed in thick, gray-to-black, turbulent clouds that hug the ground. The temperature of the volcanic gases can reach about 600 to 700 °C (1,100 to 1,300 °F). The

  • glowlight tetra (fish)

    tetra: The glowlight tetra (Hemigrammus erythrozonus) is a hardy fish that grows up to 4.5 cm long and has a shining red stripe along each side of its body.

  • glowworm (insect)

    Glowworm, any crawling, luminous insect that emits light either continuously or in prolonged glows rather than in brief flashes as do most fireflies. Principal types of glowworms are: (1) wingless adult females of certain beetles of the family Lampyridae, particularly the common European glowworm,

  • gloxinia (plant)

    Gloxinia, (Sinningia speciosa), perennial flowering plant of the family Gesneriaceae. Gloxinias are native to Brazil and are now widely cultivated as garden and house plants. They grow 15 to 30 cm (6 to 12 inches) in height and produce large, tubular or bell-shaped flowers surrounded by attractive

  • GLTP (land area, Africa)

    veld: Animal life: One such park is the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park, which links Kruger National Park in South Africa with Limpopo National Park in Mozambique and Gonarezhou National Park in Zimbabwe. The lion, leopard, cheetah, giraffe, elephant, hippopotamus, oryx, kudu, eland, sable antelope, and roan antelope survive only in or near such…

  • Glubb Pasha (British army officer)

    Sir John Bagot Glubb, British army officer who in 1939–56 commanded the Arab Legion, an army of Arab tribesmen in Transjordan and its successor state, Jordan. The son of a British army officer, Glubb attended the Royal Military Academy and then rose steadily in the British army. He served in Europe

  • Glubb, Sir John Bagot (British army officer)

    Sir John Bagot Glubb, British army officer who in 1939–56 commanded the Arab Legion, an army of Arab tribesmen in Transjordan and its successor state, Jordan. The son of a British army officer, Glubb attended the Royal Military Academy and then rose steadily in the British army. He served in Europe

  • glucagon (hormone)

    Glucagon, a pancreatic hormone produced by cells in the islets of Langerhans. Glucagon is a 29-amino-acid peptide that is produced specifically by the alpha cells of the islets. It has a high degree of similarity with several glucagon-like peptides that are secreted by cells scattered throughout

  • glucagon-like immunoreactive factor (hormone)

    human digestive system: Intestinal glucagon: Secreted by the L cells in response to the presence of carbohydrate and triglycerides in the small intestine, intestinal glucagon (enteroglucagon) modulates intestinal motility and has a strong trophic influence on mucosal structures.

  • glucagonoma (pathology)

    pancreatic cancer: Islet-cell tumours: …the glucagon-secreting tumour called a glucagonoma. Glucagonomas cause a “diabetes-dermatitis syndrome” that is characterized by mild diabetes, anemia, and a red blistering rash that appears in one area of the body and then fades, only to reappear at a different site. These patients have very high serum glucagon concentrations but…

  • glucinium (chemical element)

    Beryllium (Be), chemical element, the lightest member of the alkaline-earth metals of Group 2 (IIa) of the periodic table, used in metallurgy as a hardening agent and in many outer space and nuclear applications. atomic number4 atomic weight9.0122 melting point1,287 °C (2,349 °F) boiling point2,471

  • glucitol (chemical compound)

    carbohydrate: Chemical reactions: …carbon of d-glucose is called sorbitol (d-glucitol). d-Glucitol also is formed when l-sorbose is reduced. The reduction of mannose results in mannitol, that of galactose in dulcitol.

  • Gluck, Alma (American singer)

    Alma Gluck, Romanian-born American singer whose considerable repertoire, performance skills, and presence made her one of the most sought-after recital performers of her day. Fiersohn grew up on the Lower East Side of New York City and then worked as a stenographer until her marriage in 1902 to

  • Gluck, Christoph Willibald (German composer)

    Christoph Willibald Gluck, German classical composer, best known for his operas, including Orfeo ed Euridice (1762), Alceste (1767), Paride ed Elena (1770), Iphigénie en Aulide (1774), the French version of Orfeo (1774), and Iphigénie en Tauride (1779). He was knighted in 1756. Gluck’s paternal

  • Glück, Louise (American poet)

    Louise Glück, American poet whose willingness to confront the horrible, the difficult, and the painful resulted in a body of work characterized by insight and a severe lyricism. After attending Sarah Lawrence College in Bronxville, New York, and Columbia University in New York City, Glück taught

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