• 0-9
  • a
  • b
  • c
  • d
  • e
  • f
  • g
  • h
  • i
  • j
  • k
  • l
  • m
  • n
  • o
  • p
  • q
  • r
  • s
  • t
  • u
  • v
  • w
  • x
  • y
  • z
  • Gimie, Mount (mountain, Saint Lucia)

    Saint Lucia: Relief and drainage: …mountains, the highest point being Mount Gimie (3,145 feet [959 metres]). Many streams flow from the mountains through fertile valleys. In the southwest are the Gros and Petit Pitons (2,619 feet [798 metres] and 2,460 feet [750 metres], respectively), two immense pyramids of rock rising sharply from the sea and…

  • gimlet (tool)

    hand tool: Drilling and boring tools: Drills, gimlets, and augers, however, have cutting edges that detach material to leave a hole. A drilled hole is ordinarily small and usually made in metal; a bored hole is large and in wood or, if in metal, is usually made by enlarging a small hole.…

  • gimlet (alcoholic beverage)

    gin: …cocktails as the martini and gimlet and such long drinks as the Tom Collins and the gin and tonic.

  • Gimme Danger (film by Jarmusch [2016])

    Jim Jarmusch: …the Stooges in the documentary Gimme Danger (2016). That year he also wrote and directed Paterson, which presents a week in the life of a bus driver. The contemplative dramedy received widespread acclaim. Jarmusch then offered his wry take on the zombie movie genre with The Dead Don’t Die (2019).

  • Gimme Shelter (film [1970])

    George Lucas: Early work: …a portion of the documentary Gimme Shelter (1970), about the violent Rolling Stones concert at the 1969 Altamont Festival, for Albert and David Maysles and Charlotte Zwerin.

  • Gimpel the Fool (story by Singer)

    Gimpel the Fool, short story by Isaac Bashevis Singer, published in 1945 in Yiddish as “Gimpl tam.” A translation by Saul Bellow published in Partisan Review in 1953 introduced a large audience of English-speaking readers to Singer’s fiction. The story was later published in Singer’s collection

  • Gimpel, René (French art dealer)

    art market: Paris: …father-and-son partnership of Ernest and René Gimpel, and Jacques Seligmann. For Wildenstein and the Gimpels, the core business was initially in 18th-century French fine art, though both firms (which sustained a partnership, E. Gimpel and Wildenstein, in New York from 1902 to 1919) later became important purveyors of Impressionist works.…

  • Gimpl tam (story by Singer)

    Gimpel the Fool, short story by Isaac Bashevis Singer, published in 1945 in Yiddish as “Gimpl tam.” A translation by Saul Bellow published in Partisan Review in 1953 introduced a large audience of English-speaking readers to Singer’s fiction. The story was later published in Singer’s collection

  • GIMPS (mathematical project)

    Mersenne prime: The Great Internet Mersenne Prime Search (GIMPS) in particular has enlisted more than 150,000 volunteers, who have downloaded special software to run on their personal computers. An added inducement for searching for large primes comes from the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF), which established prizes for the…

  • Gimson, Ernest (British designer)

    Ernest Gimson, English designer of furniture, one of the Cotswold school of designers who sought to combine the traditions of rural craftsmanship with the theories and practice of William Morris. From 1902 Gimson worked at Daneway House, Sapperton, Gloucestershire, where he was intermittently

  • gin (liquor)

    Gin, flavoured, distilled, colourless to pale yellow liquor made from purified spirits usually obtained from a grain mash and having the juniper berry as its principal flavouring ingredient. It includes both the malty-flavoured and full-bodied Netherlands types and the drier types, characterized by

  • gin (ancient unit of measurement)

    measurement system: The Babylonians: …units; 300 qa equaled 60 gin or 1 gur. The gur represented a volume of almost 303 litres (80 U.S. gallons).

  • Gin Act (Great Britain [1751])

    United Kingdom: Domestic reforms: The Gin Act of 1751 was designed to reduce consumption of raw spirits, regarded by contemporaries as one of the main causes of crime in London. In 1752 Britain’s calendar was brought into conformity with that used in continental Europe. Throughout the continent, the calendar reformed…

  • gin and tonic (alcoholic beverage)

    gin: …the Tom Collins and the gin and tonic.

  • Gin Game, The (play by Coburn)

    The Gin Game, two-act play by American dramatist D.L. Coburn, produced in 1976. It was Coburn’s first play, and it won the Pulitzer Prize for drama in 1978, the year it was published. The Gin Game centres on the lives of two lonely residents of a retirement home. While playing a series of gin rummy

  • Gin Lane (engraving by Hogarth)

    gin: …in William Hogarth’s engraving “Gin Lane.”

  • gin rummy (card game)

    Gin rummy, card game of the rummy family that became an American fad in the 1940s. Two play, using a 52-card deck; each player is dealt 10 cards facedown, one at a time, beginning with the nondealer. The remainder of the deck, placed facedown, forms the stock, the top card of which is turned up

  • gin, cotton (machine)

    Cotton gin, machine for cleaning cotton of its seeds, invented in the United States by Eli Whitney in 1793. The cotton gin is an example of an invention directly called forth by an immediate demand; the mechanization of spinning in England had created a greatly expanded market for American cotton,

  • Ginącemu światu (work by Kasprowicz)

    Jan Kasprowicz: Ginącemu światu (1901; “To a Dying World”) is a cycle of poems that expresses his concern with humanity’s sufferings and metaphysical longings. The cycle used techniques that anticipate the early poetry of T.S. Eliot: free verse, quotations, and a style that progresses by associations, rather…

  • Ginastera, Alberto (Argentine composer)

    Alberto Ginastera, a leading 20th-century Latin-American composer, known for his use of local and national musical idioms in his compositions. Ginastera was musically talented as a child and studied in Buenos Aires at the Conservatorio Williams and the National Conservatory. He received a

  • Ginastera, Alberto Evaristo (Argentine composer)

    Alberto Ginastera, a leading 20th-century Latin-American composer, known for his use of local and national musical idioms in his compositions. Ginastera was musically talented as a child and studied in Buenos Aires at the Conservatorio Williams and the National Conservatory. He received a

  • Giner de Los Ríos, Francisco (Spanish philosopher)

    Francisco Giner de Los Ríos, Spanish philosopher, literary critic, and educator who became the most influential exponent of krausismo, a liberal educational and philosophical movement prominent in Spain during the 19th century, emphasizing the development of the individual and based on the

  • Ginestra (poem by Leopardi)

    Giacomo Leopardi: …among other works, he wrote Ginestra (1836), a long poem included in Ranieri’s posthumous collection of his works (1845). The death that he had long regarded as the only liberation came to him suddenly in a cholera epidemic in Naples.

  • Ginevra (canton, Switzerland)

    Genève, canton, southwestern Switzerland. The canton lies between the Jura Mountains and the Alps and consists mainly of its capital, the city of Geneva (Genève). It is one of the smallest cantons in the Swiss Confederation. Bordering on Vaud canton for 3.5 miles (5.5 km) in the extreme north, it

  • Ginevra (Switzerland)

    Geneva, city, capital of Genève canton, in the far southwestern corner of Switzerland that juts into France. One of Europe’s most cosmopolitan cities, Geneva has served as a model for republican government and owes its preeminence to the triumph of human, rather than geographic, factors. It

  • Ginga (African queen)

    Matamba: …1630–32 it was conquered by Njinga Mbande (often referred to simply as Njinga, also spelled Nzinga, Jinga, or Ginga; also known by her Christian name, Ana de Sousa), ruler of the neighbouring Ndongo kingdom, when she was expelled from some of her domains by rivals and their Portuguese allies. Matamba…

  • Gingee (fortress, India)

    Jinji, site of an almost inaccessible fortress constructed by the Hindu rulers of the Vijayanagar empire (c. 1347–1642). It is located about 80 miles (130 km) southwest of Chennai (Madras) in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. In 1638 the fortress was captured from the Maratha chief Shahji by the

  • ginger (plant)

    Ginger, (Zingiber officinale), herbaceous perennial plant of the family Zingiberaceae, probably native to southeastern Asia, or its aromatic, pungent rhizome (underground stem) used as a spice, flavouring, food, and medicine. Its generic name Zingiber is derived from the Greek zingiberis, which

  • ginger ale (beverage)

    Ginger ale, a sweetened carbonated beverage, the predominating flavour and pleasant warmth of which are derived mainly from the underground stem, or rhizome, of ginger Zingiber officinale. Though originally carbonated by fermentation, modern ginger ales are artificially saturated with carbon

  • Ginger and Fred (film by Fellini [1986])

    Federico Fellini: Mature years: …On), Ginger e Fred (1985; Ginger and Fred), Intervista (1987; “Interview”), and La voce della luna (1990; The Voice of the Moon), his last feature film. Unified only by his flair for the fantastic, the films reflect with typically Fellinian irony on a variety of postmodern topics: the role of…

  • ginger beer (alcoholic beverage)

    Ginger beer, beverage, once popular in the United Kingdom, made by fermenting a mixture of ginger, water, sugar, cream of tartar, yeast, and water. Lemon peel and juice or citric acid may also be added. Ginger beer is bottled before fermentation is complete. It is carbonated and mildly alcoholic.

  • Ginger e Fred (film by Fellini [1986])

    Federico Fellini: Mature years: …On), Ginger e Fred (1985; Ginger and Fred), Intervista (1987; “Interview”), and La voce della luna (1990; The Voice of the Moon), his last feature film. Unified only by his flair for the fantastic, the films reflect with typically Fellinian irony on a variety of postmodern topics: the role of…

  • ginger family (plant family)

    Zingiberaceae, the ginger family of flowering plants, the largest family of the order Zingiberales, containing about 52 genera and more than 1,300 species. These aromatic herbs grow in moist areas of the tropics and subtropics, including some regions that are seasonably dry. Members of the family

  • ginger lily (plant)

    Ginger lily, any ornamental plant of the genus Hedychium, of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae). About 50 species occur in tropical and subtropical regions (e.g., India, southwestern China). The rhizomes (underground stems) are gingerlike (i.e., fleshy with a yellow or bluish interior). Several

  • Ginger Man, The (work by Donleavy)

    J.P. Donleavy: …author of the comic novel The Ginger Man (Paris, 1955; U.S., 1958), which introduced Dangerfield, a crass, comic antihero. Donleavy’s works are noted for their coarse sense of humour and for characters who remain deeply attached to life despite its flaws.

  • ginger order (plant order)

    Zingiberales, the ginger and banana order of flowering plants, consisting of 8 families, 92 genera, and more than 2,100 species. Members of Zingiberales are widely distributed in the tropics, particularly as shade plants in evergreen tropical regions, with several genera being of major economic

  • ginger pine (plant)

    false cypress: …species of false cypress, the Lawson cypress, Port Orford cedar, or ginger pine (C. lawsoniana), may be more than 60 metres (200 feet) tall and 6 metres (about 20 feet) in diameter. It is a very hardy tree; over 200 forms are cultivated as ornamentals in North America and Great…

  • Ginger Spice (British entertainer)

    Spice Girls: …were Ginger Spice (byname of Geraldine Estelle Halliwell; b. August 6, 1972, Watford, England), Sporty Spice (byname of Melanie Jayne Chisholm; b. January 12, 1974, Liverpool, England), Posh Spice (byname of Victoria Adams [later Victoria Beckham]; b. April 7, 1975, Hertfordshire, England), Scary Spice (byname of Melanie Janine Brown; b.…

  • Ginger, You’re Barmy (novel by Lodge)

    David Lodge: …Roman Catholics living in London; Ginger, You’re Barmy (1962), Lodge’s novelistic response to his army service in the mid-1950s; The British Museum Is Falling Down (1965), which uses stream-of-consciousness technique; and Out of the Shelter (1970), an autobiographical coming-of-age novel. How Far Can You Go? (1980; also published as Souls…

  • gingerbread (cake)

    baking: Cakes: …on the foam structure; and gingerbread, similar to yellow cake but containing large amounts of molasses and spices.

  • gingerbread (architecture)

    Gingerbread, in architecture and design, elaborately detailed embellishment, either lavish or superfluous. Although the term is occasionally applied to highly detailed and decorative styles, it is more often applied specifically to the work of American designers of the late 1860s and ’70s. During

  • Gingerbread Man, The (film by Altman [1998])

    Robert Altman: 1980s and ’90s: …so many of Altman’s films, The Gingerbread Man (1998) boasted a fascinating cast—including Kenneth Branagh, Tom Berenger, Robert Downey, Jr., Darryl Hannah, and Robert Duvall—but some critics questioned whether Altman had been the best choice to take on the thriller by John Grisham that was the film’s source. Better received…

  • gingham (fabric)

    Gingham, plain-woven fabric, originally made completely of cotton fibres but later also of man-made fibres, which derives its colour and pattern effects from carded or combed yarns. The name comes from the Malay word genggang, meaning “striped,” and thence from the French guingan, used by the

  • Gingi (fortress, India)

    Jinji, site of an almost inaccessible fortress constructed by the Hindu rulers of the Vijayanagar empire (c. 1347–1642). It is located about 80 miles (130 km) southwest of Chennai (Madras) in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. In 1638 the fortress was captured from the Maratha chief Shahji by the

  • gingipain (protein)
  • gingiva (anatomy)

    Gum, in anatomy, connective tissue covered with mucous membrane, attached to and surrounding the necks of the teeth and adjacent alveolar bone. Before the erupting teeth enter the mouth cavity, gum pads develop; these are slight elevations of the overlying oral mucous membrane. When tooth eruption

  • gingivae (anatomy)

    Gum, in anatomy, connective tissue covered with mucous membrane, attached to and surrounding the necks of the teeth and adjacent alveolar bone. Before the erupting teeth enter the mouth cavity, gum pads develop; these are slight elevations of the overlying oral mucous membrane. When tooth eruption

  • gingivitis

    Gingivitis, inflammation of the gums (gingivae). Symptoms include tender, sometimes swollen, gums that bleed easily. Areas of tissue destruction (necrosis) or ulceration may develop, and fever and halitosis may be present in severe disease. The most common cause of gingivitis is the accumulation

  • Ginglymostoma cirratum (fish species)

    nurse shark: …common Atlantic nurse shark (G. cirratum), the family includes the tawny nurse shark (N. ferrugineus) and the shorttail nurse shark (P. brevicaudatum). They are not related to the sand tiger shark (Carcharias taurus)—a type of sand shark inhabiting the waters above the continental shelves in most warm and temperate…

  • Ginglymostomatidae (fish family)

    Nurse shark, (family Ginglymostomatidae), common name for any shark in the family Ginglymostomatidae, which is made up of the genera Ginglymostoma, Nebrius, and Pseudoginglymostoma. In addition to the common Atlantic nurse shark (G. cirratum), the family includes the tawny nurse shark (N.

  • ginglymus joint (anatomy)

    joint: Hinge joint: The hinge, or ginglymus, joint is a modified sellar joint with each mating surface ovoid on its right and left sides. This modification reduces movement to a backward-forward swing like that allowed by the hinge of a box or a door. The swing…

  • Gingold, Hermione (British actress)

    The Music Man: Cast:

  • Gingold, Josef (American musician)

    Josef Gingold, Russian-born U.S. violinist and teacher (b. Oct. 28, 1909--d. Jan. 11,

  • Gingoog (Philippines)

    Gingoog, city and port, northern Mindanao, Philippines. It lies at the head of Gingoog Bay, which is an inlet of the Bohol Sea. It was founded in 1750 by Recollect missionaries of the order of Friars Minor. Located in an area that produces coffee and coconut, Gingoog is also an important logging

  • Gingrich, Arnold (American publisher)

    Esquire: …magazine, founded in 1933 by Arnold Gingrich. It began production as an oversized magazine for men that featured a slick, sophisticated style and drawings of scantily clad young women. It later abandoned its titillating role but continued to cultivate the image of affluence and refined taste.

  • Gingrich, Newt (American politician)

    Newt Gingrich, American politician, who served as speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives (1995–98); he was the first Republican to hold the office in 40 years. He later sought the party’s nomination for president in 2012. His parents divorced, and he later took the surname of his mother’s

  • Gingrich, Newton Leroy (American politician)

    Newt Gingrich, American politician, who served as speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives (1995–98); he was the first Republican to hold the office in 40 years. He later sought the party’s nomination for president in 2012. His parents divorced, and he later took the surname of his mother’s

  • Gini, Corrado (Italian statistician)

    Corrado Gini, Italian statistician and demographer. Gini was educated at Bologna, where he studied law, mathematics, economics, and biology. He was a statistics professor at Cagliari in 1909 and at Padua in 1913. After founding the statistical journal Metron (1920), Gini became a professor at the

  • Ginkaku-ji (building, Kyōto, Japan)

    Ashikaga Yoshimasa: …retirement he built the famous Silver Pavilion (Ginkaku-ji) in the Higashiyama, or Eastern Hills, area of Kyōto. There he practiced the Japanese tea ceremony, which he developed into a fine art, and sponsored many noted artists, potters, and nō (classical dance-drama) performers. Today the Higashiyama period, as this cultural era…

  • Ginkel, Godard van Reede, Heer van (Dutch soldier)

    Godard van Reede, 1st earl of Athlone, Dutch soldier in English service who completed the conquest of Ireland for King William III of England (William of Orange, stadtholder of the United Provinces) against the forces of the deposed king James II after the Glorious Revolution (1688–89). Van Reede’s

  • ginkgo (tree)

    Ginkgo, (Ginkgo biloba), deciduous gymnosperm tree (family Ginkgoaceae), native to China. Ginkgo has been planted since ancient times in Chinese and Japanese temple gardens and is now valued in many parts of the world as a fungus- and insect-resistant ornamental tree. It tolerates cold weather and,

  • Ginkgo biloba (tree)

    Ginkgo, (Ginkgo biloba), deciduous gymnosperm tree (family Ginkgoaceae), native to China. Ginkgo has been planted since ancient times in Chinese and Japanese temple gardens and is now valued in many parts of the world as a fungus- and insect-resistant ornamental tree. It tolerates cold weather and,

  • Ginkgo Petrified Forest State Park (park, Washington, United States)

    Ellensburg: Ginkgo Petrified Forest State Park (with numerous species of agatized wood and, at 7,469 acres [3,023 hectares], one of the world’s largest petrified forests) is 28 miles (45 km) east. Inc. town, 1883; city, 1886. Pop. (2000) 15,414; (2010) 18,174.

  • Ginkgoaceae (plant family)

    ginkgophyte: Classification: …order, Ginkgoales; a single family, Ginkgoaceae; a single extant genus, Ginkgo; 2 extinct genera, Ginkgoites and Baiera. Assorted Referencesannotated classification

  • Ginkgoales (plant order)

    ginkgophyte: Classification: …rancid butter; a single order, Ginkgoales; a single family, Ginkgoaceae; a single extant genus, Ginkgo; 2 extinct genera, Ginkgoites and Baiera. Assorted Referencesannotated classification

  • ginkgolide B (chemical substance)

    Elias James Corey: Other achievements: …the synthesis in 1988 of ginkgolide B, a substance found in trace amounts in the roots of the ginkgo tree that is responsible for the medicinal effects of a Chinese folk medicine employing ginkgo extract.

  • Ginkgophyta (plant division)

    Ginkgophyte, any member of the division Ginkgophyta, a group of gymnospermous plants of particular interest to paleobotanists. Two of the three genera of ginkgophytes, Ginkgoites and Baiera, are extinct. The third genus, Ginkgo, has only one member, Ginkgo biloba, commonly called the ginkgo tree.

  • ginkgophyte (plant division)

    Ginkgophyte, any member of the division Ginkgophyta, a group of gymnospermous plants of particular interest to paleobotanists. Two of the three genera of ginkgophytes, Ginkgoites and Baiera, are extinct. The third genus, Ginkgo, has only one member, Ginkgo biloba, commonly called the ginkgo tree.

  • Ginn, Greg (American musician)

    Black Flag: The original members were guitarist Greg Ginn (b. June 8, 1954, Tucson, Arizona, U.S.), bassist Chuck Dukowski (b. February 1, 1954), lead singer Keith Morris (b. September 18, 1955, Los Angeles, California), and drummer Brian Migdol. Later members included Henry Rollins (original name Henry Garfield; b. February 13, 1961, Washington,…

  • ginnala maple (plant)

    maple: campestre) and Amur, or ginnala, maple (A. ginnala) are useful in screens or hedges; both have spectacular foliage in fall, the former yellow and the latter pink to scarlet. The Japanese maple (A. palmatum), developed over centuries of breeding, provides numerous attractive cultivated varieties with varying leaf…

  • Ginnat egoz (work by Gikatilla)

    Joseph Gikatilla: …26-year-old Gikatilla wrote his seminal Ginnat eʾgoz (“Nut Orchard”), taking his title from the Song of Solomon 6:11. In Gikatilla’s lexicon, the nut is an emblem of mysticism itself, while Ginnat employs the initial letters of three different names for methods of esoteric exegesis. Gikatilla’s book greatly influenced his contemporary…

  • Ginnie Mae (American corporation)

    Fannie Mae: …Mortgage Association, better known as Ginnie Mae. To attract new investors to the secondary mortgage market, in 1981 Fannie Mae began selling mortgage-backed securities (securities collateralized by cash flows from pools of mortgage loans) with a guarantee of timely payment of principal and interest, whether or not the original borrowers…

  • Ginnungagap (Norse mythology)

    Ginnungagap, in Norse and Germanic mythology, the void in which the world was created. The story is told, with much variation, in three poems of the Elder Edda, and a synthesis of these is given by Snorri Sturluson in his Prose

  • Ginobili, Manu (Argentine basketball player)

    Gregg Popovich: …Parker and Argentine shooting guard Manu Ginobili, who, along with Duncan, were the linchpins for the Spurs as they beat the Detroit Pistons 4–3 to win the NBA championship in 2005 and swept the Cleveland Cavaliers 4–0 in the best-of-seven series championship in 2007.

  • Ginori, Lorenzo (Italian potter)

    Doccia porcelain: …the highly successful directorship of Lorenzo Ginori (1757–91). Doccia figures (some of which are very large) include Meissen-like figurines and Oriental figures, peasant and rustic groups, and versions of Baroque sculpture in both single figures and groups. Virtually the only Italian porcelain factory to prosper in the 19th century, Doccia…

  • Ginori, Marchese Carlo (Italian potter)

    Doccia porcelain: …factory near Florence founded by Marchese Carlo Ginori in 1735; until 1896 the enterprise operated under the name Doccia, since then under the name Richard-Ginori. After an initial experimental period, during which he imported Chinese porcelain samples, Ginori engaged two Viennese painters, J.C.W. Anreiter and his son Anton, with Gaspare…

  • Ginsberg, Allen (American poet)

    Allen Ginsberg, American poet whose epic poem Howl (1956) is considered to be one of the most significant products of the Beat movement. Ginsberg grew up in Paterson, New Jersey, where his father, Louis Ginsberg, himself a poet, taught English. Allen Ginsberg’s mother, whom he mourned in his long

  • Ginsberg, Asher (Zionist leader)

    Aḥad Haʿam, (Hebrew: “One of the People”, ) Zionist leader whose concepts of Hebrew culture had a definitive influence on the objectives of the early Jewish settlement in Palestine. Reared in Russia in a rigidly Orthodox Jewish family, he mastered rabbinic literature but soon was attracted to the

  • Ginsberg, Harold Samuel (American biologist)

    Harold Samuel Ginsberg, American microbiologist (born May 27, 1917, Daytona Beach, Fla.—died Feb. 2, 2003, Woods Hole, Mass.), did pioneering work in virology; his research into adenoviruses showed how viral genes function in cells and how the viruses cause disease. When Ginsberg was stationed at a

  • Ginsberg, Irwin Allen (American poet)

    Allen Ginsberg, American poet whose epic poem Howl (1956) is considered to be one of the most significant products of the Beat movement. Ginsberg grew up in Paterson, New Jersey, where his father, Louis Ginsberg, himself a poet, taught English. Allen Ginsberg’s mother, whom he mourned in his long

  • Ginsburg, Charles David (American lawyer and government official)

    (Charles) David Ginsburg, American lawyer and government official (born April 20, 1912 , New York, N.Y.—died May 23, 2010, Alexandria, Va. ), as a prominent liberal lawyer, wrote national policies, advised presidents and Supreme Court justices, and defended such eminent clients as Henry Kissinger,

  • Ginsburg, Charles P. (American inventor)

    magnetic recording: In 1956 Charles P. Ginsburg and Ray Dolby of Ampex Corporation, a U.S. electronics firm, developed the first practical videotape recorder. Their machine revolutionized television broadcasting; recorded shows virtually replaced live telecasts with a few exceptions, such as coverage of sports events. Almost all programs are videotaped…

  • Ginsburg, Christian David (British biblical scholar)

    Christian David Ginsburg, Hebrew and biblical scholar who was the foremost authority in England on the Masorah (authoritative Jewish tradition concerning the correct text of the Hebrew Bible). Ginsburg, who was born a Jew, immigrated to England not long after his conversion to Christianity in 1846.

  • Ginsburg, David (American lawyer and government official)

    (Charles) David Ginsburg, American lawyer and government official (born April 20, 1912 , New York, N.Y.—died May 23, 2010, Alexandria, Va. ), as a prominent liberal lawyer, wrote national policies, advised presidents and Supreme Court justices, and defended such eminent clients as Henry Kissinger,

  • Ginsburg, Ruth Bader (United States jurist)

    Ruth Bader Ginsburg, associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1993. She was the second woman to serve on the Supreme Court. Joan Ruth Bader was the younger of the two children of Nathan Bader, a merchant, and Celia Bader. Her elder sister, Marilyn, died of meningitis at the

  • ginseng (herb)

    Ginseng, (genus Panax), genus of 12 species of medicinal herbs of the family Araliaceae. The root of Asian ginseng (Panax ginseng), native to Manchuria and Korea, has long been used as a drug and is made into a stimulating tea in China, Korea, and Japan. American ginseng (P. quinquefolius), native

  • ginseng family (plant family)

    Araliaceae, the ginseng family of flowering plants, in the order Apiales, comprising approximately 700 species centred in Southeast Asia and tropical America. Most members are shrubs or trees, though there are a number of climbers and a few herbs. The family has large, usually alternate, compound

  • Ginuwa (African mythological king)

    Itsekiri: Myths of origin establish that Ginuwa, the Itsekiri founder and first olu (king), was originally a prince of Benin, so that subsequent kings are descendants of the oba of Benin. Lesser chiefs once met as a council and advised the olu. Chieftaincy is being redefined in conformity with modern government,…

  • Ginza (district, Tokyo, Japan)

    Ginza, commercial zone, Chuo ward, Tokyo, the main shopping area of the city. The name comes from the words gin meaning “silver” and za meaning “guild”; in 1612 the Japanese government transferred its silver mint to this area. It is the most glamorous shopping district in Tokyo and one of the

  • Ginzberg, Asher (Zionist leader)

    Aḥad Haʿam, (Hebrew: “One of the People”, ) Zionist leader whose concepts of Hebrew culture had a definitive influence on the objectives of the early Jewish settlement in Palestine. Reared in Russia in a rigidly Orthodox Jewish family, he mastered rabbinic literature but soon was attracted to the

  • Ginzberg, Louis (Lithuanian-American scholar)

    Louis Ginzberg, Lithuanian-born American Judaic scholar. Ginzberg studied the Talmud at several rabbinical schools, as well as philosophy, history, and Oriental languages at three universities, and received his Ph.D. from the University of Heidelberg in 1898. He moved to the United States in 1899.

  • Ginzberg, Mordecai Aaron (Lithuanian-Jewish author)

    Hebrew literature: Romanticism: … in the Ukraine and with Mordecai Aaron Ginzberg (Günzburg), in Lithuania. In the 1820s an orthodox reaction set in, coinciding with the rise of a Romanticist Hebrew school of writers. A.D. Lebensohn wrote fervent love songs to the Hebrew language, and his son Micah Judah, the most gifted poet of…

  • Ginzburg, Aleksandr Ilich (Russian journalist)

    Aleksandr Ilich Ginzburg, Russian journalist, dissident, and human rights advocate (born Nov. 21, 1936, Moscow, U.S.S.R.—died July 19, 2002, Paris, France), edited the literary journal Syntaksis (“Syntax”), often said to have been the first samizdat—a self-published underground work that c

  • Ginzburg, Leone (Italian publisher)

    Natalia Ginzburg: …Italian literary figure and patriot Leone Ginzburg, who operated a publishing house for a time, was arrested for antifascist activities, and died in prison in 1944. (She later remarried.) Her literary career began with the publication of short stories in the Florentine periodical Solaria. Her first novella, La strada che…

  • Ginzburg, Natalia (Italian author)

    Natalia Ginzburg, Italian author who dealt unsentimentally with family relationships in her writings. Ginzburg was the widow of the Italian literary figure and patriot Leone Ginzburg, who operated a publishing house for a time, was arrested for antifascist activities, and died in prison in 1944.

  • Ginzburg, Ralph (American publisher, author, and photojournalist)

    Ralph Ginzburg, American publisher, author, and photojournalist (born Oct. 28, 1929, New York, N.Y.—died July 6, 2006, New York City), was at the centre of two highly publicized 1960s court cases involving freedom of speech rights. As the publisher of Eros, a hardcover erotic-art quarterly m

  • Ginzburg, Vitaly (Russian physicist)

    Vitaly Ginzburg, Russian physicist and astrophysicist, who won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 2003 for his pioneering work on superconductivity. He shared the award with Alexey A. Abrikosov of Russia and Anthony J. Leggett of Great Britain. Ginzburg was also noted for his work on theories of radio

  • Ginzburg, Vitaly Lazarevich (Russian physicist)

    Vitaly Ginzburg, Russian physicist and astrophysicist, who won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 2003 for his pioneering work on superconductivity. He shared the award with Alexey A. Abrikosov of Russia and Anthony J. Leggett of Great Britain. Ginzburg was also noted for his work on theories of radio

  • Ginzburg-Landau coherence length (physics)

    superconductivity: Structures and properties: …the distance is called the superconducting coherence length (or Ginzburg-Landau coherence length), ξ. If a material has a superconducting region and a normal region, many of the superconducting properties disappear gradually—over a distance ξ—upon traveling from the former to the latter region. In the pure (i.e., undoped) classic superconductors ξ…

  • Gio (African people)

    Dan, an ethnolinguistic grouping of people inhabiting the mountainous west-central Côte d’Ivoire and adjacent areas of Liberia. The Dan belong to the Southern branch of the Mande linguistic subgroup of the Niger-Congo language family. They originated somewhere to the west or northwest of their

  • Check out Britannica's new site for parents!
    Subscribe Today!