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  • Cavell, Stanley (American philosopher)

    American literature: Theory: Stanley Cavell and critic Richard Poirier found a native parallel to European theory in the philosophy of Emerson and the writings of pragmatists such as William James and John Dewey. Emulating Dewey and Irving Howe, Rorty emerged as a social critic in Achieving Our Country…

  • Cavendish (unincorporated community, Prince Edward Island, Canada)

    Cavendish, unincorporated rural community, Queens county, on the central northern coast of Prince Edward Island, Canada, 24 miles (39 km) northwest of Charlottetown. It lies near a sandy beach (called Penamkeak by the Micmac Indians and now a popular recreational area) at the western end of Prince

  • Cavendish (English whist player)

    Henry Jones, English surgeon, the standard authority on whist in his day, who also wrote on other games. Jones was educated at King’s College School (1842–48) and studied at St. Bartholomew’s Hospital. He practiced as a surgeon from 1852 to 1869. Jones learned whist from his father, who was an avid

  • Cavendish banana (banana variety)

    Panama disease: Its replacement, the modern Cavendish, has been threatened with a strain of the disease known as Tropical Race (TR) 4 since the 1990s; in 2019 TR 4 was confirmed in Colombia, marking the first appearance of the strain in the Americas.

  • Cavendish experiment (physics)

    Cavendish experiment, measurement of the force of gravitational attraction between pairs of lead spheres, which allows the calculation of the value of the gravitational constant, G. In Newton’s law of universal gravitation, the attractive force between two objects (F) is equal to G times the

  • Cavendish Laboratory (research centre, Cambridge, England, United Kingdom)

    J.J. Thomson: Discovery of the electron: …head of the highly successful Cavendish Laboratory. (It was there that he met Rose Elizabeth Paget, whom he married in 1890.) He not only administered the research projects but also financed two additions to the laboratory buildings primarily from students’ fees, with little support from the university and colleges. Except…

  • Cavendish of Bolsover, Baron (English commander)

    William Cavendish, 1st duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Royalist commander during the English Civil Wars and a noted patron of poets, dramatists, and other writers. The son of Sir Charles Cavendish, he attended St. John’s College, Cambridge, and through inheritances and royal favour became immensely

  • Cavendish of Hardwick, Baron (prime minister of Great Britain)

    William Cavendish, 4th duke of Devonshire, prime minister of Great Britain from November 1756 to May 1757, at the start of the Seven Years’ War. Eldest son of William Cavendish, the 3rd Duke (1698–1755), he was elected to the House of Commons in 1741 and 1747, and in 1751 he moved to the House of

  • Cavendish of Hardwick, Baron (British statesman)

    William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire, a leader of the parliamentary movement that sought to exclude the Roman Catholic James, duke of York (afterward James II), from succession to the British throne and that later invited the invasion of William of Orange. Cavendish was the eldest son of the

  • Cavendish, Elizabeth (British noble)

    Ralph Montagu, 1st duke of Montagu: In 1692 he married Elizabeth Cavendish, wealthy widow of the 2nd Duke of Albemarle. Allegedly mad, she had sworn to marry only a crowned head, so Montagu wooed her disguised as the emperor of China. In 1705 he became Duke of Montagu.

  • Cavendish, George (English courtier and writer)

    George Cavendish, English courtier and writer who won a minor but lasting reputation through a single work, his Life of Cardinal Wolsey, a landmark in the development of English biography, an important document to the student of Tudor history, and a rare source of information on the character of

  • Cavendish, Henry (British physicist)

    Henry Cavendish, natural philosopher, the greatest experimental and theoretical English chemist and physicist of his age. Cavendish was distinguished for great accuracy and precision in research into the composition of atmospheric air, the properties of different gases, the synthesis of water, the

  • Cavendish, Lord Frederick Charles (British politician)

    Lord Frederick Charles Cavendish, British politician, protégé of William Ewart Gladstone, who was murdered by Fenian extremists the day after his arrival in Dublin as chief secretary of Ireland and as a goodwill emissary from England, at the height of the Irish crisis in 1882. The second son of the

  • Cavendish, Spencer Compton, 8th Duke of Devonshire (British statesman)

    Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th duke of Devonshire, British statesman whose opposition to the Irish Home Rule policy of his own Liberal Party caused him to assume (1886) the leadership of the Liberal Unionist Party and to become increasingly identified with the Conservatives. On three occasions

  • Cavendish, Spencer Compton, 8th Duke of Devonshire, marquess of Hartington, earl of Devonshire, Baron Cavendish of Hardwick (British statesman)

    Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th duke of Devonshire, British statesman whose opposition to the Irish Home Rule policy of his own Liberal Party caused him to assume (1886) the leadership of the Liberal Unionist Party and to become increasingly identified with the Conservatives. On three occasions

  • Cavendish, Thomas (English navigator and explorer)

    Thomas Cavendish, English navigator and freebooter, leader of the third circumnavigation of the Earth. Cavendish accompanied Sir Richard Grenville on his voyage to America (1585) and, upon returning to England, undertook an elaborate imitation of Sir Francis Drake’s circumnavigation. On July 21,

  • Cavendish, William, 1st duke of Devonshire (British statesman)

    William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire, a leader of the parliamentary movement that sought to exclude the Roman Catholic James, duke of York (afterward James II), from succession to the British throne and that later invited the invasion of William of Orange. Cavendish was the eldest son of the

  • Cavendish, William, 2nd Earl of Devonshire (British statesman)

    Thomas Hobbes: Early life: Through his employment by William Cavendish, the first earl of Devonshire, and his heirs, Hobbes became connected with the royalist side in disputes between the king and Parliament that continued until the 1640s and that culminated in the English Civil Wars (1642–51). Hobbes also worked for the marquess of…

  • Cavendish, William, 4th Duke of Devonshire (prime minister of Great Britain)

    William Cavendish, 4th duke of Devonshire, prime minister of Great Britain from November 1756 to May 1757, at the start of the Seven Years’ War. Eldest son of William Cavendish, the 3rd Duke (1698–1755), he was elected to the House of Commons in 1741 and 1747, and in 1751 he moved to the House of

  • Cavendish-Bentinck, William Henry, Lord Bentinck (British government official)

    Lord William Bentinck, British governor-general of Bengal (1828–33) and of India (1833–35). An aristocrat who sympathized with many of the liberal ideas of his day, he made important administrative reforms in Indian government and society. He reformed the finances, opened up judicial posts to

  • Cavendish-Scott-Bentinck, William George Frederick, Lord Bentinck (British politician)

    Lord George Bentinck, British politician who in 1846–47 articulately led the protective-tariff advocates who opposed the free-trade policy of Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel. The second son of the 4th Duke of Portland, Bentinck served in the army before entering (1828) the House of Commons.

  • Caventou, Joseph-Bienaimé (French chemist)

    Pierre-Joseph Pelletier: …in collaboration with the chemist Joseph-Bienaimé Caventou, he isolated chlorophyll, the green pigment in plants that is essential to the process of photosynthesis. His interests soon turned to a new class of vegetable bases now called alkaloids, and he isolated emetine. With Caventou he continued his search for alkaloids, and…

  • cavern (geology)

    Cave, natural opening in the earth large enough for human exploration. Such a cavity is formed in many types of rock and by many processes. The largest and most common caves are those formed by chemical reaction between circulating groundwater and bedrock composed of limestone or dolomite. These

  • cavern (geology)

    Appalachian Mountains: Physiography: The chief caverns lie within or border the Great Valley region of Pennsylvania, Maryland, West Virginia, Virginia, and Tennessee. Caverns of the Shenandoah Valley in Virginia provide well-known and dramatic examples of underground passages, rooms, watercourses, formations, and other cave features that honeycomb much of the land…

  • Cavern, The (club, Liverpool, England, United Kingdom)

    The Cavern: In the early 1960s Liverpool, England, was unique among British cities in having more than 200 active pop groups. Many played youth clubs in the suburbs, but some made the big time in cellar clubs such as the Cavern (on Mathew Street) and the Jacaranda…

  • Cavero, Arturo (Peruvian singer and musician)

    Arturo Cavero, (“Zambo”), Peruvian folk singer and percussionist (born Nov. 29, 1940, Lima, Peru—died Oct. 9, 2009, Lima), was beloved in Peru for his rich, expressive voice and his captivating interpretations of traditional Creole, or Afro-Peruvian, songs; he made numerous recordings but was best

  • Caves du Vatican, Les (work by Gide)

    André Gide: Great creative period: Les Caves du Vatican (1914; The Vatican Swindle) marks the transition to the second phase of Gide’s great creative period. He called it not a tale but a sotie, by which he meant a satirical work whose foolish or mad characters are treated farcically within…

  • Caves of Steel, The (work by Asimov)

    Horace L. Gold: …Monte Cristo; and Isaac Asimov’s The Caves of Steel (1953), a mystery in which a human and a robot detective investigate a murder in the overpopulated underground New York of the future. In 1953 Gold shared the first Hugo Award for best professional magazine with John W. Campbell, Jr., the…

  • Caves of the Great Hunters, The (work by Baumann)

    children's literature: War and beyond: , The Caves of the Great Hunters, 1954; rev. ed., 1962), is a minor classic. Mention should be made of Fritz Mühlenweg, a veteran of the Sven Hedin expedition of 1928–32 to Inner Mongolia and the author of Grosser-Tiger und Kompass-Berg (1950; Eng. trans., Big Tiger…

  • Caves, Monastery of the (monastery, Kiev, Ukraine)

    Anthony of Kiev: …for the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra (Monastery of the Caves), an institution that later acquired a reputation as the cradle of Russian monasticism. Reverting to his Athonite training, he sent to Constantinople (modern Istanbul) for architects to construct the new monastery complex at the mountain.

  • cavesson (part of bridle)

    horsemanship: Aids: …nose, may be either a cavesson, with a headpiece and rings for attaching a long training rein, or a noseband with a headstrap, only necessary if a standing martingale is used. A variety of other nosebands are intended for horses that pull, or bear, on the reins unnecessarily.

  • Cavett, Frank (American screenwriter)
  • cavetto molding (architecture)

    molding: Single curved: (1) The cavetto is a concave molding with a profile approximately a quarter-circle, quarter-ellipse, or similar curve. (2) A scotia molding is similar to the cavetto but has a deeper concavity partially receding beyond the face of the general surface that it ornaments. (3) A flute is…

  • Cavia (rodent genus)

    guinea pig: …nondomesticated members of the genus Cavia that are also called guinea pigs: the Brazilian guinea pig (C. aperea) found from Colombia, Venezuela, and the Guianas south to northern Argentina; the shiny guinea pig (C. fulgida), inhabiting eastern Brazil; the montane guinea pig (C. tschudii), ranging from Peru to northern Chile…

  • Cavia aperea (rodent)

    guinea pig: …also called guinea pigs: the Brazilian guinea pig (C. aperea) found from Colombia, Venezuela, and the Guianas south to northern Argentina; the shiny guinea pig (C. fulgida), inhabiting eastern Brazil; the montane guinea pig (C. tschudii), ranging from Peru to northern Chile and northwestern Argentina; the greater

  • Cavia fulgida (rodent)

    guinea pig: … south to northern Argentina; the shiny guinea pig (C. fulgida), inhabiting eastern Brazil; the montane guinea pig (C. tschudii), ranging from Peru to northern Chile and northwestern Argentina; the greater guinea pig (C. magna), occurring in southeastern Brazil and Uruguay; and the Moleques do Sul guinea pig (C. intermedia), which…

  • Cavia magna (rodent)

    guinea pig: …Chile and northwestern Argentina; the greater guinea pig (C. magna), occurring in southeastern Brazil and Uruguay; and the Moleques do Sul guinea pig (C. intermedia), which is limited to an island in the Moleques do Sul archipelago off the southern coast of Brazil. Breeding and molecular studies suggest that the…

  • Cavia porcellus (rodent)

    Guinea pig, (Cavia porcellus), a domesticated species of South American rodent belonging to the cavy family (Caviidae). It resembles other cavies in having a robust body with short limbs, large head and eyes, and short ears. The feet have hairless soles and short sharp claws. There are four toes on

  • Cavia tschudii (rodent)

    guinea pig: fulgida), inhabiting eastern Brazil; the montane guinea pig (C. tschudii), ranging from Peru to northern Chile and northwestern Argentina; the greater guinea pig (C. magna), occurring in southeastern Brazil and Uruguay; and the Moleques do Sul guinea pig (C. intermedia), which is limited to an island in the Moleques do…

  • caviar (food)

    Caviar, the eggs, or roe, of sturgeon preserved with salt. It is prepared by removing the egg masses from freshly caught fish and passing them carefully through a fine-mesh screen to separate the eggs and remove any extraneous bits of tissue and fat. At the same time, 4–6 percent salt is added to

  • Cavic, Milorad (Serbian swimmer)
  • Caviidae (rodent)

    Cavy, (family Caviidae), any of 14 species of South American rodents comprising guinea pigs, maras, yellow-toothed cavies, mountain cavies, and rock cavies. All except the maras have robust bodies, short limbs, large heads and eyes, and short ears. There are four digits on the forefeet but three on

  • Cavill, Charles (Australian athlete)

    swimming: Strokes: The brothers Syd and Charles Cavill of Australia popularized the stroke in Europe in 1902 and in the United States in 1903. The crawl was like the old sidestroke in its arm action, but it had a fluttering up-and-down leg action performed twice for each arm stroke. Early American…

  • Cavill, Syd (Australian athlete)

    swimming: Strokes: The brothers Syd and Charles Cavill of Australia popularized the stroke in Europe in 1902 and in the United States in 1903. The crawl was like the old sidestroke in its arm action, but it had a fluttering up-and-down leg action performed twice for each arm stroke.…

  • cavitation (physics)

    Cavitation, formation of vapour bubbles within a liquid at low-pressure regions that occur in places where the liquid has been accelerated to high velocities, as in the operation of centrifugal pumps, water turbines, and marine propellers. Cavitation is undesirable because it produces extensive

  • Cavite (Philippines)

    Cavite, city, southern Luzon, Philippines. Cavite occupies a peninsula on the southern shore of Manila Bay and is primarily a residential centre for commuters to Manila, which lies to the northeast. In 1872 the city was the site of the Cavite Mutiny, a brief and unsuccessful uprising of Filipino

  • Cavite Mutiny (Filipino history)

    Cavite Mutiny, (January 20, 1872), brief uprising of 200 Filipino troops and workers at the Cavite arsenal, which became the excuse for Spanish repression of the embryonic Philippine nationalist movement. Ironically, the harsh reaction of the Spanish authorities served ultimately to promote the

  • cavity (technology)

    Mold, in manufacturing, a cavity or matrix in which a fluid or plastic substance is shaped into a desired finished product. A molten substance, such as metal, or a plastic substance is poured or forced into a mold and allowed to harden. Molds are made of a wide variety of materials, depending on t

  • cavity magnetron oscillator (electronics)

    Magnetron, diode vacuum tube consisting of a cylindrical (straight wire) cathode and a coaxial anode, between which a dc (direct current) potential creates an electric field. A magnetic field is applied longitudinally by an external magnet. Connected to a resonant line, it can act as an oscillator.

  • cavity wall (architecture)

    Cavity wall, in architecture, a double wall consisting of two wythes (vertical layers) of masonry separated by an air space and joined together by metal ties. Cavity walls have a heat-flow rate that is 50 percent that of a solid wall. As a result, they are often used in colder climates. The cavity

  • Cavour, Camillo Benso, conte di (Piedmontese statesman)

    Camillo Benso, count di Cavour, Piedmontese statesman, a conservative whose exploitation of international rivalries and of revolutionary movements brought about the unification of Italy (1861) under the House of Savoy, with himself as the first prime minister of the new kingdom. The Cavours were an

  • Cavs, the (American basketball team)

    Cleveland Cavaliers, American professional basketball team based in Cleveland that plays in the Eastern Conference of the National Basketball Association (NBA) and has won one NBA title (2016). The Cavaliers began play as an NBA expansion team in 1970 under the ownership of the ambitious

  • cavy (rodent)

    Cavy, (family Caviidae), any of 14 species of South American rodents comprising guinea pigs, maras, yellow-toothed cavies, mountain cavies, and rock cavies. All except the maras have robust bodies, short limbs, large heads and eyes, and short ears. There are four digits on the forefeet but three on

  • Cawahíb (people)

    Kawaíb, South American Indian peoples of the Brazilian Mato Grosso. In the 18th and early 19th centuries they were driven out of their original home along the upper Tapajós River by the warlike Mundurukú and split into six isolated groups between the Teles Pires and the Madeira rivers. The P

  • Cawdor (Scotland, United Kingdom)

    Cawdor, village and castle in the Highland council area, historic county of Nairnshire, Scotland, south of Nairn, near Inverness. The local castle, according to a now discredited tradition perpetuated by Shakespeare, was the scene of the murder of King Duncan I by Macbeth, the thane of Cawdor, in

  • Cawdrey, Robert (English educator and lexicographer)

    dictionary: From 1604 to 1828: , by Robert Cawdrey, who had been a schoolmaster at Oakham, Rutland, about 1580 and in 1604 was living at Coventry. He had the collaboration of his son Thomas, a schoolmaster in London. This work contained about 3,000 words but was so dependent upon three sources that…

  • Cawl, Faarax Maxamed Jaamac (Somalian author)

    African literature: Somali: …first novel published in Somali—Faarax Maxamed Jaamac Cawl criticized the traditional past. He made use of documentary sources having to do with the struggle against colonialism in the early 20th century, when forces under the leadership of Maxamed Cabdulle Xasan fought, among others, the British colonial powers. The two…

  • Cawley, Charles (American entrepreneur)

    Charles Michael Cawley, American entrepreneur (born Aug. 15, 1940, Beverly, Mass.—died Nov. 18, 2015, Camden, Maine), founded (1982) MBNA Corp. as a subsidiary of Maryland National Bank and built it into the world’s largest independent issuer of credit cards. Cawley took a job in 1972 working for

  • Cawley, Charles Michael (American entrepreneur)

    Charles Michael Cawley, American entrepreneur (born Aug. 15, 1940, Beverly, Mass.—died Nov. 18, 2015, Camden, Maine), founded (1982) MBNA Corp. as a subsidiary of Maryland National Bank and built it into the world’s largest independent issuer of credit cards. Cawley took a job in 1972 working for

  • Cawley, Evonne Goolagong (Australian tennis player)

    tennis: The open era: …several net-rushing rivals: the Australian Evonne Goolagong, who won her first Wimbledon in 1971 at age 19, Billie Jean King, and Navratilova, whom Evert played in 13 Grand Slam finals in one of the game’s greatest rivalries. Evert, probably more than anyone, popularized the two-handed backhand, and she made a…

  • Cawnpore (India)

    Kanpur, city, southwest-central Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. It lies in the Lower Ganges-Yamuna Doab on the Ganges (Ganga) River, about 45 miles (72 km) southwest of Lucknow Kanpur was only a village when it and the surrounding territory were acquired in 1801 by the British, who made it one

  • Caxias (Brazil)

    Duque de Caxias, city, Rio de Janeiro estado (state), southeastern Brazil. It is a suburb of the city of Rio de Janeiro. Until 1931 it was known as Meriti Station, and from 1931 to 1943 it was Caxias. It became the seat of the district of Caxias in 1931 and seat of the municipality of Duque de

  • Caxias (Maranhão, Brazil)

    Caxias, city, east-central Maranhão estado (state), northeastern Brazil, lying on the Itapicuru River at 207 feet (63 metres) above sea level. Formerly known as São José das Aldeias Altas, it was renamed to honour Luis Alves de Lima e Silva, duque de Caxias, governor and military commander in

  • Caxias do Sul (Brazil)

    Caxias do Sul, city, northeastern Rio Grande do Sul estado (state), southern Brazil. It lies 2,490 feet (760 metres) above sea level on the range of hills separating the Antas and Caí river valleys. It was founded in 1875 by Italian colonists and given city status in 1910. Metallurgic

  • Caxias, Luiz Alves de Lima e Silva, duque de (Brazilian statesman)

    Luiz Alves de Lima e Silva, duke de Caxias, military hero and statesman who gave the military a prominent position in the government of the Brazilian empire. Caxias kept up his family’s tradition by joining the military service at age 14, and within a year he was promoted to second lieutenant. At

  • Caxton, William (English printer, translator, and publisher)

    William Caxton, the first English printer, who, as a translator and publisher, exerted an important influence on English literature. In 1438 he was apprenticed to Robert Large, a rich mercer, who in the following year became lord mayor of London. Large died in 1441, and Caxton moved to Brugge, the

  • cay (geography)

    Cay, small, low island, usually sandy, situated on a coral reef platform. Such islands are commonly referred to as keys in Florida and parts of the Caribbean. Sand cays are usually built on the edge of the coral platform, opposite the direction from which the prevailing winds blow. Debris broken

  • Cayambe Volcano (mountain, Ecuador)

    Ecuador: Relief: …volcanic or snow-covered; these include Cayambe (18,996 feet [5,790 metres]), Antisana (18,714 feet [5,704 metres]), Cotopaxi, which is one of the world’s highest active volcanoes (19,347 feet [5,897 metres]), Chimborazo (20,702 feet [6,310 metres]), Altar (17,451 feet [5,319 metres]), and Sangay (17,158

  • Cayapa (people)

    Chachi, Indians of the coastal lowlands of western Ecuador, one of the few aboriginal groups left in the region. The Chachi speak a Chibchan language somewhat related to the language of the neighbouring Tsáchila people. Like the Tsáchila, the Chachi believe themselves to be descended from peoples

  • Cayatte, André (French director)

    André Cayatte, motion-picture director best known for films on crime and justice. Cayatte abandoned a law practice to become a writer and in 1938 entered the motion-picture industry by selling a film script. Four years later he directed La Fausse Maîtresse (1942; “The False Mistress”). In a series

  • Cayatte, André-Jean (French director)

    André Cayatte, motion-picture director best known for films on crime and justice. Cayatte abandoned a law practice to become a writer and in 1938 entered the motion-picture industry by selling a film script. Four years later he directed La Fausse Maîtresse (1942; “The False Mistress”). In a series

  • Cayce, Edgar (American faith healer)

    Edgar Cayce, American self-proclaimed faith healer and psychic. A Sunday-school teacher with little formal education, Cayce began faith healing in the 1920s, using a combination of spiritual readings and homeopathic medicine; many of his cures were said to have been accomplished long-distance. In

  • Caydiid, Maxamed Farax (Somalian faction leader)

    Muhammad Farah Aydid, Somali faction leader. He received military training in Italy and the U.S.S.R. and served in posts under Mohamed Siad Barre (1978–89) before overthrowing him in 1991. He became the dominant clan leader at the centre of the Somalian civil war. Losing the interim presidency to

  • Cayenne (French Guiana)

    Cayenne, capital and Atlantic Ocean port of French Guiana. It is located at the northwestern end of Cayenne Island, which is formed by the estuaries of the Cayenne and Mahury rivers. Founded in 1643 by the French as La Ravardière, it was reoccupied in 1664 after destruction by the Indians and was

  • cayenne pepper (spice and cultivar, Capsicum annuum)

    Cayenne pepper, (Capsicum annuum), small-fruited pepper in the nightshade family (Solanaceae), the source of a very pungent spice of the same name. The cayenne pepper is a cultivar of Capsicum annuum and is said to have originated in Cayenne, French Guiana. The spice is produced by drying and

  • Cayes (Haiti)

    Les Cayes, town, southwestern Haiti, on the southern Caribbean shore of the southern peninsula. Founded in 1786, it was plagued by disease and pirates during colonial times. In 1815 the South American liberator Simón Bolívar visited the port to accept Haitian arms and a contingent of troops to aid

  • Cayey (Puerto Rico)

    Cayey, town, central Cayey Mountains, Puerto Rico. The town, at an elevation of 1,300 feet (400 metres), was founded in 1773 as Cayey de Muesas on the Spanish military highway linking San Juan with Ponce on the southern coast. Its cool summers made it a favourite Spanish military post. It is

  • Cayey, Sierra de (mountains, Puerto Rico)

    Cordillera Central: …and the lower Sierra de Cayey farther east, the peaks of which rise to 3,000 feet (900 m). The central mountains have more granitic outcrops than do the western mountains. The rivers of both the Cordillera Central and the Sierra de Cayey, notably the Arecibo, La Plata, and Loíza, are…

  • Cayley, Arthur (British mathematician)

    Arthur Cayley, English mathematician and leader of the British school of pure mathematics that emerged in the 19th century. The interested viewer may read an extract from the geometry article he wrote for the 9th edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1875–89). Although Cayley was born in England,

  • Cayley, Sir George (British inventor and scientist)

    Sir George Cayley, English pioneer of aerial navigation and aeronautical engineering and designer of the first successful glider to carry a human being aloft. Fascinated by flight since childhood, Cayley conducted a variety of tests and experiments intended to explore aerodynamic principles and to

  • Cayley, Sir George, 6th Baronet (British inventor and scientist)

    Sir George Cayley, English pioneer of aerial navigation and aeronautical engineering and designer of the first successful glider to carry a human being aloft. Fascinated by flight since childhood, Cayley conducted a variety of tests and experiments intended to explore aerodynamic principles and to

  • Caylus, Anne-Claude-Philippe de Tubières, comte de (French archaeologist)

    Anne-Claude-Philippe de Tubières, count de Caylus, French archaeologist, engraver, and man of letters. The only son of the Marquise de Caylus, he fought with distinction in the War of the Spanish Succession (1704–14). After the war he resigned his commission to travel to Italy, then to

  • cayman (reptile group)

    Caiman, any of several species of Central and South American reptiles that are related to alligators and are usually placed with them in the family Alligatoridae. Caimans, like all other members of the order Crocodylia (or Crocodilia), are amphibious carnivores. They live along the edges of rivers

  • Cayman Basin (basin, Caribbean Sea)

    Caribbean Sea: Physiography: The Cayman Basin, to the south, is partially separated from the Yucatán Basin by Cayman Ridge, an incomplete fingerlike ridge that extends from the southern part of Cuba toward Guatemala, rising above the surface at one point to form the Cayman Islands. The Nicaraguan Rise, a…

  • Cayman Brac (island, West Indies)

    Cayman Islands: …Grand Cayman, Little Cayman, and Cayman Brac, situated about 180 miles (290 km) northwest of Jamaica. The islands are the outcroppings of a submarine mountain range that extends northeastward from Belize to Cuba. The capital is George Town, on Grand Cayman.

  • Cayman Islands (islands, West Indies)

    Cayman Islands, island group and overseas territory of the United Kingdom in the Caribbean Sea, comprising the islands of Grand Cayman, Little Cayman, and Cayman Brac, situated about 180 miles (290 km) northwest of Jamaica. The islands are the outcroppings of a submarine mountain range that extends

  • Cayman Islands, flag of (British overseas territory flag)

    British overseas territory flag consisting of a dark blue field (background) with a Union Jack in the upper hoist quarter and a badge containing the Cayman Islands coat of arms in the centre of the fly end; the flag may be described as a defaced British Blue Ensign. The flag’s width-to-length ratio

  • Cayman Ridge (oceanic ridge, Caribbean Sea)

    Caribbean Sea: Physiography: …from the Yucatán Basin by Cayman Ridge, an incomplete fingerlike ridge that extends from the southern part of Cuba toward Guatemala, rising above the surface at one point to form the Cayman Islands. The Nicaraguan Rise, a wide triangular ridge with a sill depth of about 4,000 feet (1,200 metres),…

  • Cayman Trench (trench, Caribbean Sea)

    Cayman Trench, submarine trench on the floor of the western Caribbean Sea between Jamaica and the Cayman Islands. It extends from the Windward Passage at the southeastern tip of Cuba toward Guatemala. The relatively narrow trough trends east-northeast to west-southwest and has a maximum depth of

  • Caymanes (islands, West Indies)

    Cayman Islands, island group and overseas territory of the United Kingdom in the Caribbean Sea, comprising the islands of Grand Cayman, Little Cayman, and Cayman Brac, situated about 180 miles (290 km) northwest of Jamaica. The islands are the outcroppings of a submarine mountain range that extends

  • Caymmi, Dorival (Brazilian singer and songwriter)

    Dorival Caymmi, Brazilian singer and songwriter (born April 30, 1914, Salvador, Bahia state, Braz.—died Aug. 16, 2008, Rio de Janeiro, Braz.), became a national icon with his deep velvety voice and romantic lyrics that evoked the charm of Bahia’s fishing villages, beaches, and beautiful women.

  • Cayo (Belize)

    San Ignacio, town, west-central Belize. It lies along the Belize River near the Guatemalan border. San Ignacio and its sister town Santa Elena make up Belize’s second largest urban area. The two towns are separated by the Macal River and Belize’s only suspension bridge. With Benque Viejo del

  • Cayo Redondo (technology)

    Ciboney: …Ciboney of Cuba, called variously Cayo Redondo or Guayabo Blanco, was based on shell, while that of the Haitian Ciboney was based on stone. The typical artifact of Cayo Redondo was a roughly triangular shell gouge made from the lip of a Strombus shell, a tool also quite common in…

  • Cayor (historical state, Africa)

    Wolof empire: …which the most important was Cayor. During the 15th century Wolof was a powerful empire, on the border of which lay the tributary state of Sine-Solum, ruled by the Serer, a kindred people to the Wolof.

  • Cayor (region, Senegal)

    Senegal: Traditional geographic areas: …historical Wolof states of Dianbour, Cayor, Djolof, and Baol. Here the soils are sandy and the winters cool; peanuts are the primary crop. The population is as diverse as the area itself and includes Wolof in the north, Serer in the Thiès region, and Lebu on Cape Verde.

  • Cayrol, Jean (French author)

    Jean Cayrol, French poet, novelist, and essayist, who stood at the frontiers of the New Novel (nouveau roman), the avant-garde French novel that emerged in the 1950s. In World War II Cayrol was deported to a concentration camp after participating in the French Resistance, and that experience is at

  • Cayrol, Jean-Raphaël-Marie-Noël (French author)

    Jean Cayrol, French poet, novelist, and essayist, who stood at the frontiers of the New Novel (nouveau roman), the avant-garde French novel that emerged in the 1950s. In World War II Cayrol was deported to a concentration camp after participating in the French Resistance, and that experience is at

  • Cayuga (people)

    Cayuga, Iroquoian-speaking North American Indians, members of the Iroquois (Haudenosaunee) Confederacy, who originally inhabited the region bordering Lake Cayuga in what is now central New York state. (See also Iroquois.) Traditionally, Cayuga men hunted the abundant game, waterfowl, and fish of

  • Cayuga (county, New York, United States)

    Cayuga, county, central New York state, U.S., bounded by Lake Ontario to the north and Cayuga Lake to the southwest. It consists of a region of rolling hills in the Finger Lakes area of the state. Other lakes include Owasco, Duck, Otter, and Skaneateles. The principal streams are the Seneca River,

  • Cayuga, Lake (lake, New York, United States)

    lake: Internal seiches: …Lake Geneva, Lake Baikal, and Lake Cayuga (New York) are approximately 16, 96, 900 (binodal), and 65 hours, respectively.

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