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  • cantaloupe (plant)

    melon: Cantalupensis group, the true cantaloupes, which are characterized by a rough warty rind and sweet orange flesh. They are common in European markets and are named for Cantalupo, Italy, near Rome, where these melons were early grown from southwestern Asian stock. Inodorus group, the winter melons, which are large,…

  • Cantalupo, James Richard (American businessman)

    Jim Cantalupo, (James Richard Cantalupo), American businessman (born Nov. 14, 1943, Oak Park, Ill.—died April 19, 2004, Orlando, Fla.), established the McDonald’s Corp. as an international presence and revived the slumping fast-food giant during his second term as the company’s CEO. A graduate of t

  • Cantalupo, Jim (American businessman)

    Jim Cantalupo, (James Richard Cantalupo), American businessman (born Nov. 14, 1943, Oak Park, Ill.—died April 19, 2004, Orlando, Fla.), established the McDonald’s Corp. as an international presence and revived the slumping fast-food giant during his second term as the company’s CEO. A graduate of t

  • cantar (Spanish literature)

    Cantar, in Spanish literature, originally, the lyrics of a song. The word was later used for a number of different poetic forms. In modern times it has been used specifically for an octosyllabic quatrain in which assonance occurs in the even-numbered lines and the odd-numbered lines are unrhymed

  • Cantar de Mio Cid (Spanish epic poem)

    Cantar de Mio Cid, (English: “Song of My Cid”, ) Spanish epic poem of the mid-12th century, the earliest surviving monument of Spanish literature and generally considered one of the great medieval epics and one of the masterpieces of Spanish literature. The poem tells of the fall from royal favour

  • cantares de gesta (literature)

    Spanish literature: The rise of heroic poetry: Folk epics, known as cantares de gesta (“songs of deeds”) and recited by jongleurs, celebrated heroic exploits such as the Cid’s. Medieval historiographers often incorporated prose versions of these cantares in their chronicles, Latin and vernacular; it was by this process that the fanciful Cantar de Rodrigo (“Song of…

  • Cantares del subdesarrollo (album by Blades)

    Rubén Blades: …political appointment ended, Blades released Cantares del subdesarrollo (2009), an acoustic album that pays tribute to Cuban music and culture. He then collaborated again with Seis del Solar for a two-volume concert recording, Todos vuelven live (2010).

  • Cantares gallegos (work by Castro)

    Rosalía de Castro: …for her poetry, contained in Cantares gallegos (1863; “Galician Songs”) and Follas novas (1880; “New Medleys”), both written in her own language, and En las orillas del Sar (1884; Beside the River Sar), written in Castilian. Part of her work (the Cantares and some of the poems in Follas novas)…

  • cantata (music)

    Cantata, (from Italian cantare, “to sing”), originally, a musical composition intended to be sung, as opposed to a sonata, a composition played instrumentally; now, loosely, any work for voices and instruments. The word cantata first appeared in the Italian composer Alessandro Grandi’s Cantade et

  • Cantata for a Summer’s Day (work by Musgrave)

    Thea Musgrave: …a Scottish BBC performance of Cantata for a Summer’s Day. These and other early works were chiefly diatonic and suggestive of Scottish or medieval themes. Soon she turned to chromaticism and, later, serialism, producing the Piano Sonata (1956), String Quartet (1958), and other chamber works.

  • Cantatrice chauve, La (play by Ionesco)

    The Bald Soprano, drama in 11 scenes by Eugène Ionesco, who called it an “antiplay.” It was first produced in 1950 and was published in 1954 as La Cantatrice chauve; the title is also translated as The Bald Prima Donna. The play, an important example of the Theatre of the Absurd, consists mainly of

  • cante jondo (music)

    Cante jondo, (Andalusian Spanish: “deep song,” or “grand song”), the most serious and deeply moving variety of flamenco, or Spanish Gypsy song. The cante jondo developed a distinctive melodic style, the foremost characteristics of which are a narrow range, a predilection for the reiteration of one

  • Cântecul omului (work by Davidescu)

    Romanian literature: The 20th century: …poet Nicolae Davidescu, whose epic Cântecul omului (1928–37; “The Song of Man”) aimed at re-creating world history.

  • Canteloube de Malaret, Marie-Joseph (French composer)

    Joseph Canteloube, French composer, pianist, and folk-song collector best known for his compositions that evoke the landscape of his native region. Cantaloube studied with Vincent d’Indy from 1901; under this influence he traveled through France collecting folk songs, making arrangements of many of

  • Canteloube, Joseph (French composer)

    Joseph Canteloube, French composer, pianist, and folk-song collector best known for his compositions that evoke the landscape of his native region. Cantaloube studied with Vincent d’Indy from 1901; under this influence he traveled through France collecting folk songs, making arrangements of many of

  • Cantelupe, Saint Thomas de (English saint)

    Saint Thomas de Cantelupe, ; canonized 1320, feast day October 3), reformist, educator, English church prelate, bishop, and defender of episcopal jurisdiction who played an important role in the Barons’ War. Thomas was of noble birth; after being ordained at Lyon, c. 1245, he continued his studies

  • Cantelupe, Thomas of (English saint)

    Saint Thomas de Cantelupe, ; canonized 1320, feast day October 3), reformist, educator, English church prelate, bishop, and defender of episcopal jurisdiction who played an important role in the Barons’ War. Thomas was of noble birth; after being ordained at Lyon, c. 1245, he continued his studies

  • Cantemir, Antioch Dmitrievich (Russian poet)

    Antiokh Dmitriyevich Kantemir, distinguished Russian statesman who was his country’s first secular poet and one of its leading writers of the classical school. The son of Dmitry Kantemir, he was tutored at home and attended (1724–25) the St. Petersburg Academy. Between 1729 and 1731 he wrote

  • Cantemir, Dimitrie (Russian statesman)

    Dmitry Kantemir, statesman, scientist, humanist, scholar, and the greatest member of the distinguished Romanian-Russian family of Cantemir. He was prince of Moldavia (1710–11) and later adviser of Peter the Great of Russia. The son of Prince Constantin Cantemir of Moldavia, Kantemir early won the

  • canter (animal locomotion)

    Canter, a three-beat collected gait of a horse during which one or the other of the forelegs and both hind legs lead practically together, followed by the other foreleg and then a complete suspension when all four legs are off the ground. Essentially a slow, collected gallop that averages from

  • Canterbury (regional council, New Zealand)

    Canterbury, regional council, east-central South Island, New Zealand, centred on the Canterbury Plains. The region borders the Pacific Ocean to the east, extends southward from the vicinity of Kaikoura to the Waitaki River, and includes the city of Christchurch and Banks Peninsula. Canterbury’s

  • Canterbury (district, England, United Kingdom)

    Canterbury: The city, a district within the administrative county of Kent, includes the town of Canterbury, the surrounding countryside, and an area extending to the Thames estuary, including the seaside towns of Whitstable and Herne Bay.

  • Canterbury (England, United Kingdom)

    Canterbury, historic town and surrounding city (local authority) in the administrative and historic county of Kent, southeastern England. Its cathedral has been the primary ecclesiastical centre of England since the early 7th century ce. The city, a district within the administrative county of

  • Canterbury and York, Convocations of (religious meeting)

    Convocations of Canterbury and York, in the Church of England, ecclesiastical assemblies of the provinces of Canterbury and of York that meet two or three times a year and, since the mid-19th century, have been concerned particularly with the reform of the canons of ecclesiastical law. Their origin

  • Canterbury bell (plant)

    bellflower: Canterbury bell (C. medium), a southern European biennial, has large pink, blue, or white spikes of cup-shaped flowers. Peach-leaved bellflower (C. persicifolia), found in Eurasian woodlands and meadows, produces slender-stemmed spikes, 30 to 90 cm (12 to 35 inches) tall, of long-stalked outward-facing bells. Rampion…

  • Canterbury Cathedral (cathedral, Canterbury, England, United Kingdom)

    crypt: At Canterbury the crypt (dating from 1100) forms a large and complex church, with apse and chapels, and the extreme east end, under Trinity chapel, is famous as the original burial place of Thomas Becket. The earlier (late 11th century) crypts of Winchester, Worcester, and Gloucester…

  • Canterbury earthquakes (New Zealand)

    Christchurch earthquakes of 2010–11, series of tremors that occurred within and near the city of Christchurch, New Zealand, and the Canterbury Plains region from early September 2010 to late December 2011. The severest of those events were the earthquake (magnitude from 7.0 to 7.1) that struck on

  • Canterbury gallop (horsemanship)

    canter: …to be derived from the Canterbury gallop, a pace set by horseback-riding monks on their way to Canterbury.

  • Canterbury Plains (region, New Zealand)

    Canterbury Plains, lowland area of east-central South Island, New Zealand. The plains cover an area of 150 by 45 miles (240 by 70 km) bordering on the Pacific Ocean. The Rangitata, Rakaia, and Waimakariri are the principal rivers, flowing east from the Southern Alps to cross the plains, which have

  • Canterbury Tales, The (work by Chaucer)

    The Canterbury Tales, frame story by Geoffrey Chaucer, written in Middle English in 1387–1400. The framing device for the collection of stories is a pilgrimage to the shrine of Thomas à Becket in Canterbury, Kent. The 30 pilgrims who undertake the journey gather at the Tabard Inn in Southwark,

  • Canterbury, archbishop of

    Archbishop of Canterbury, in the Church of England, the primate of all England and archbishop of the ecclesiastical province of Canterbury, which approximately includes the area of England south of the former counties of Cheshire and Yorkshire. In addition to a palace in Canterbury, the archbishop

  • Canterbury, Convocations of (religious meeting)

    Convocations of Canterbury and York, in the Church of England, ecclesiastical assemblies of the provinces of Canterbury and of York that meet two or three times a year and, since the mid-19th century, have been concerned particularly with the reform of the canons of ecclesiastical law. Their origin

  • Canterbury, Quitclaim of (Scottish history)

    Scotland: David I’s successors: …his kingdom’s independence by the Quitclaim of Canterbury (1189), though it should be emphasized that this document disposed of the Treaty of Falaise and not of the less-precise claims of superiority over Scotland that English kings had put forward over the previous century. William’s son, Alexander II (1214–49), subdued Argyll…

  • Canterbury, Sir Thomas (English official)

    Bertrand du Guesclin: After fighting a duel with Sir Thomas Canterbury at the successful defense of the city of Rennes against an English siege in 1356–57, du Guesclin was awarded a pension by the Dauphin (the future king Charles V) in December 1357. Appointed captain of Pontorson, he remained in the service of…

  • Canth, Minna (Finnish author)

    Minna Canth, novelist and dramatist, a late 19th-century leader of the revival of the Finnish vernacular and Realist movement. In 1863 she entered the seminary at Jyväskylä, where she married her teacher, J.F. Canth, in 1865. Widowed in 1879, with seven children, she went into business at Kuopio

  • Canth, Ulrika Vilhelmina (Finnish author)

    Minna Canth, novelist and dramatist, a late 19th-century leader of the revival of the Finnish vernacular and Realist movement. In 1863 she entered the seminary at Jyväskylä, where she married her teacher, J.F. Canth, in 1865. Widowed in 1879, with seven children, she went into business at Kuopio

  • Cantharellaceae (biology)

    mushroom: The cantharelloid fungi (Cantharellus and its relatives) are club-, cone-, or trumpet-shaped mushroomlike forms with an expanded top bearing coarsely folded ridges along the underside and descending along the stalk. Examples include the highly prized edible chanterelle (C. cibarius) and the horn-of-plenty mushroom (Craterellus cornucopioides). Puffballs…

  • Cantharellales (order of fungi)

    fungus: Annotated classification: Order Cantharellales (incertae sedis; not placed in any subclass) Saprotrophic; basidia have unusual shapes; hyphae may be thin-walled or thick-walled, with or without clamp connections; example genera include Cantharellus, Botryobasidium, Craterellus, and Tulasnella. Order Corticiales (incertae sedis; not placed in any subclass)

  • Cantharelle (biology)

    mushroom: The cantharelloid fungi (Cantharellus and its relatives) are club-, cone-, or trumpet-shaped mushroomlike forms with an expanded top bearing coarsely folded ridges along the underside and descending along the stalk. Examples include the highly prized edible chanterelle (C. cibarius) and the horn-of-plenty mushroom (Craterellus cornucopioides). Puffballs…

  • cantharelloid fungus (biology)

    mushroom: The cantharelloid fungi (Cantharellus and its relatives) are club-, cone-, or trumpet-shaped mushroomlike forms with an expanded top bearing coarsely folded ridges along the underside and descending along the stalk. Examples include the highly prized edible chanterelle (C. cibarius) and the horn-of-plenty mushroom (Craterellus cornucopioides). Puffballs…

  • Cantharellus cibarius (mushroom)

    Chanterelle, Highly prized, fragrant, edible mushroom (Cantharellus cibarius) in the order Cantharellales (phylum Basidiomycota). It is bright yellow in colour and is found growing on forest floors in summer and autumn. Its similarity to the poisonous jack-o-lantern (Clitocybe illudens, order

  • Cantharidae (insect)

    Soldier beetle, any member of the approximately 3,500 species of the widely distributed insect family Cantharidae (order Coleoptera). These slender, soft-bodied beetles are brown or black and trimmed like a soldier’s uniform—with red, yellow, or orange. The adults range between 5 and 15 mm (0.2

  • cantharides (chemical compound)

    aphrodisiac: These are, principally, cantharides and yohimbine, both of which stimulate sexual arousal by irritating the urinary tract when excreted. Cantharides, or cantharidin, consists of the broken dried remains of the blister beetle (q.v.) Lytta vesicatoria. It has been a traditional sexual stimulant fed to male livestock to facilitate…

  • cantharidin (chemical compound)

    aphrodisiac: These are, principally, cantharides and yohimbine, both of which stimulate sexual arousal by irritating the urinary tract when excreted. Cantharides, or cantharidin, consists of the broken dried remains of the blister beetle (q.v.) Lytta vesicatoria. It has been a traditional sexual stimulant fed to male livestock to facilitate…

  • Cantharis vesicatoria (insect)

    blister beetle: …species Lytta vesicatoria, commonly called Spanish fly. Cantharidin is used medically as a topical skin irritant to remove warts. In the past, when inducing blisters was a common remedy for many ailments, cantharidin was commonly used for this purpose. It was also a major ingredient in so-called love potions. Blister…

  • cantharos (cup)

    Kantharos, drinking cup in Attic Greek pottery from the period of the red-figure and black-figure styles. The kantharos is in the form of a deep cup, with loop-shaped handles arising from the bottom of the body and extending high above the

  • Canthigaster (fish genus)

    puffer: …fishes, which comprise the genus Canthigaster and the family Canthigasteridae, are found throughout the world. They are small fishes with rather long, pointed snouts and, unlike the puffers, inconspicuous nostrils. They are brightly coloured and no more than about 20 centimetres long. Like some puffers, they are sometimes kept in…

  • canthus (anatomy)

    human eye: The eyelids: …the nose is the inner canthus, and the other is the outer canthus. The lid may be divided into four layers: (1) the skin, containing glands that open onto the surface of the lid margin, and the eyelashes; (2) a muscular layer containing principally the orbicularis oculi muscle, responsible for…

  • canti carnascialeschi (Italian music)

    Carnival song, late 15th- and early 16th-century part song performed in Florence during the carnival season. The Florentines celebrated not only the pre-Lenten revelry but also the Calendimaggio, which began on May 1 and ended with the Feast of St. John on June 24. An essential part of the

  • Canti di Castelvecchio (work by Pascoli)

    Giovanni Pascoli: …volume, usually considered his best, Canti di Castelvecchio (1903, definitive ed., 1907; “Songs of Castelvecchio”), a collection of moving evocations of his sad childhood and celebrations of nature and family life. Subsequent volumes include the classically inspired and more formal Poemi conviviali (1904) and two collections influenced by Virgil’s Georgics,…

  • Canti di liberazione (work by Dallapiccola)

    Luigi Dallapiccola: …basis for much of his Canti di liberazione (1955; Songs of Liberation), a triptych for chorus and orchestra, celebrating the liberation of Italy from Fascist control. An opera, Volo di notte (Night Flight), was first performed in Florence in 1940.

  • Canti di prigionia (work by Dallapiccola)

    Luigi Dallapiccola: …triptych Canti di prigionia (1938–41; Songs of Prison) marked him as a mature composer; this work, for chorus with an orchestra of percussion, harps, and pianos, was a protest against Fascist doctrine and was based in part on the chant “Dies Irae” (“Day of Wrath”) from the mass for the…

  • canti, I (work by Leopardi)

    Italian literature: Opposing movements: The Poems of Leopardi), first published in 1831. Some were patriotic and were once very popular; but the most memorable came from deeper lyrical inspiration. Among them were “L’infinito,” a meditation on infinity; “A Silvia,” on the memory of a girl who died when he…

  • canticle (hymn)

    Canticle, (from Latin canticulum, diminutive of canticum, “song”), a scriptural hymn text that is used in various Christian liturgies and is similar to a psalm in form and content but appears apart from the book of Psalms. In the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) there are at least a dozen such hymns

  • Canticle for Leibowitz, A (novel by Miller)

    Anthony Boucher: Miller’s A Canticle for Leibowitz (1960; first serialized 1955–57), which describes the post-nuclear-holocaust efforts of a Catholic religious order to preserve knowledge. After McComas left F&SF in 1954, Boucher edited the magazine alone until 1958. From 1961 to 1968 he reviewed operas for Opera News. The…

  • Canticle of Brother Sun (work by Francis of Assisi)

    St. Francis of Assisi: The Franciscan rule: In his “Canticle of the Creatures” (less properly called by such names as the “Praises of Creatures” or the “Canticle of the Sun”), he referred to “Brother Sun” and “Sister Moon,” the wind and water, and even “Sister Death.” He nicknamed his long and painful illnesses his…

  • Canticle of Canticles (biblical canticle)

    Song of Solomon, an Old Testament book that belongs to the third section of the biblical canon, known as the Ketuvim, or “Writings.” In the Hebrew Bible the Song of Solomon stands with Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, and Esther and with them makes up the Megillot, five scrolls that are read on

  • Canticle of Mary (biblical canticle)

    Magnificat, in Christianity, the hymn of praise by Mary, the mother of Jesus, found in Luke 1:46–55. The Magnificat has been incorporated into the liturgical services of the Western churches (at vespers) and of the Eastern Orthodox churches (at the morning services). In Scripture, the hymn is found

  • Canticle of the Creatures (work by Francis of Assisi)

    St. Francis of Assisi: The Franciscan rule: In his “Canticle of the Creatures” (less properly called by such names as the “Praises of Creatures” or the “Canticle of the Sun”), he referred to “Brother Sun” and “Sister Moon,” the wind and water, and even “Sister Death.” He nicknamed his long and painful illnesses his…

  • Canticle of the Sun (work by Francis of Assisi)

    St. Francis of Assisi: The Franciscan rule: In his “Canticle of the Creatures” (less properly called by such names as the “Praises of Creatures” or the “Canticle of the Sun”), he referred to “Brother Sun” and “Sister Moon,” the wind and water, and even “Sister Death.” He nicknamed his long and painful illnesses his…

  • Canticle of the Sun (work by Sowerby)

    Leo Sowerby: His Canticle of the Sun for chorus and orchestra (1944), based on Matthew Arnold’s translation of a canticle by St. Francis, won the Pulitzer Prize in 1946. His orchestral works include tone poems, notably Prairie (1929), and four symphonies (1921, 1927, 1940, and 1947). He also…

  • Cántico (work by Guillén)

    Spanish literature: The Generation of 1927: …lifelong poetic effort, Cántico (Cántico: A Selection), first published in 1928 and repeatedly enlarged in successive editions, constitutes a disciplined hymn to the joys of everyday reality. Later works (Clamor [1957–63; “Clamour”] and Homenaje [1967; “Homage”]) displayed keener awareness of suffering and disorder.

  • Cantico di Frate Sole (work by Francis of Assisi)

    St. Francis of Assisi: The Franciscan rule: In his “Canticle of the Creatures” (less properly called by such names as the “Praises of Creatures” or the “Canticle of the Sun”), he referred to “Brother Sun” and “Sister Moon,” the wind and water, and even “Sister Death.” He nicknamed his long and painful illnesses his…

  • Canticum Canticorum (biblical canticle)

    Song of Solomon, an Old Testament book that belongs to the third section of the biblical canon, known as the Ketuvim, or “Writings.” In the Hebrew Bible the Song of Solomon stands with Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, and Esther and with them makes up the Megillot, five scrolls that are read on

  • cantiga (Spanish music)

    Cantiga, genre of 13th-century Spanish monophonic, or unison, song, often honouring the Virgin Mary. The most famous collection is a manuscript, the Cantigas de Santa María, compiled by King Alfonso X the Wise of Castile and Leon in the second half of the century and preserved in three manuscript

  • cantiga de amigo (Spanish music)

    Portuguese literature: Poetry: …singing of problems of love), cantigas de amigo (“songs of the lover”; a male poet singing in a female voice to express a wide range of predicaments of love), and cantigas de escárnio e maldizer (“songs of mockery and vilification”). This body of lyrics shows the vitality of a school…

  • cantiga de amor (Spanish music)

    Portuguese literature: Poetry: …to the major categories of cantigas de amor (“songs of love”; a male voice singing of problems of love), cantigas de amigo (“songs of the lover”; a male poet singing in a female voice to express a wide range of predicaments of love), and cantigas de escárnio e maldizer (“songs…

  • cantiga de escárnio e maldizer (Spanish music)

    Portuguese literature: Poetry: …of predicaments of love), and cantigas de escárnio e maldizer (“songs of mockery and vilification”). This body of lyrics shows the vitality of a school of poetry in Galician-Portuguese, an early dialect spoken in Galicia and the north of Portugal. Lyrics of this school were inspired by the sophisticated Provençal…

  • Cantigas de Santa María (Spanish literature)

    Spain: Castilian institutions, society, and culture: The Cantigas de Santa María (“Songs to the Virgin”) is a collection of more than 400 poems written in Galician, a language considered appropriate for lyric poetry; the poems are generally assumed to be the work of Alfonso himself, and many of them constitute a royal…

  • Cantigny (recreation area, Wheaton, Illinois, United States)

    Wheaton: Cantigny, a 500-acre (200-hectare) recreation area, includes gardens, golf courses, the First Division Museum (military history), and the Robert R. McCormick Museum (1896), a home built by newspaper publisher Joseph Medill. Inc. village, 1859; city, 1890. Pop. (2000) 55,416; (2010) 52,894.

  • cantil (snake)

    moccasin: …moccasin (Agkistrodon piscivorus) or the Mexican moccasin (A. bilineatus). Both are pit vipers (subfamily Crotalinae), so named because of the characteristic sensory pit between each eye and nostril.

  • cantilena (vocal music)

    Cantilena, in late medieval and early Renaissance music, term for certain vocal forms as they were known in the 15th century; also a musical texture used widely in both secular and sacred compositions of that century. Cantilena style is characterized by a predominant vocal top line supported by

  • cantilever (architecture)

    Cantilever, beam supported at one end and carrying a load at the other end or distributed along the unsupported portion. The upper half of the thickness of such a beam is subjected to tensile stress, tending to elongate the fibres, the lower half to compressive stress, tending to crush them.

  • cantilever arm (engineering)

    bridge: Cantilever: …central span rests on the cantilevered arms extending from the outer spans; it carries vertical loads like a simply supported beam or a truss—that is, by tension forces in the lower chords and compression in the upper chords. The cantilevers carry their loads by tension in the upper chords and…

  • cantilever bridge (engineering)

    bridge: Asian cantilever and arch bridges: Wooden cantilever bridges were popular in Asia. The basic design used piles driven into the riverbed and old boats filled with stones sunk between them to make cofferdam-like foundations. When the highest of the stone-filled boats reached above the low-water level, layers of logs were crisscrossed…

  • cantilever retaining wall (architecture)

    retaining wall: The cantilever retaining wall has cantilever footings, which have tie beams balancing the asymmetrical load. A counterfort retaining wall is a cantilever wall with counterforts, or buttresses, attached to the inside face of the wall to further resist lateral thrust. Some common materials used for retaining…

  • cantillation (music)

    Cantillation, in music, intoned liturgical recitation of scriptural texts, guided by signs originally devised as textual accents, punctuations, and indications of emphasis. Such signs, termed ecphonetic signs, appear in manuscripts of the 7th–9th century, both Jewish and Christian (Syrian,

  • Cantillon, Richard (Irish economist)

    Richard Cantillon, Irish economist and financier who wrote one of the earliest treatises on modern economics. Cantillon was an Irishman of Norman origins and Jacobite connections who spent much of his life in France. He took over the bankrupt banking business of an uncle of the same name in Paris

  • Cantilupe, Saint Thomas de (English saint)

    Saint Thomas de Cantelupe, ; canonized 1320, feast day October 3), reformist, educator, English church prelate, bishop, and defender of episcopal jurisdiction who played an important role in the Barons’ War. Thomas was of noble birth; after being ordained at Lyon, c. 1245, he continued his studies

  • Cantilupe, Thomas of (English saint)

    Saint Thomas de Cantelupe, ; canonized 1320, feast day October 3), reformist, educator, English church prelate, bishop, and defender of episcopal jurisdiction who played an important role in the Barons’ War. Thomas was of noble birth; after being ordained at Lyon, c. 1245, he continued his studies

  • Cantimpré, Thomas de (Dominican clergyman)

    encyclopaedia: Special interests: 1228–44) of the Dominican friar Thomas de Cantimpré. His aim was that of St. Augustine: to unite in a single volume the whole of human knowledge concerning the nature of things, particularly the nature of animals, with a view toward using it as an introduction to theology.

  • Cantinflas (Mexican actor)

    Cantinflas, one of the most popular entertainers in the history of Latin-American cinema. An internationally known clown, acrobat, musician, bullfighter, and satirist, he was identified with the comic figure of a poor Mexican slum dweller, a pelado, who wears trousers held up with a rope, a

  • canting arms (heraldry)

    heraldry: The nature and origins of heraldic terminology: Second, punning, or canting, arms are very common as, for example, trumpets for Trumpington, or a spear for Shakespeare. It is notable, however, that many armorial allusions that were formerly obvious now require research for elucidation. Other allusions have been lost entirely. Third, in grants of arms to…

  • Cantiones Ecclesiasticae (work by Aichinger)

    Gregor Aichinger: His Cantiones Ecclesiasticae (1607) was one of the earliest German examples of the use of basso continuo.

  • Cantiones Sacrae (work by Byrd)

    William Byrd: Life: …in that year—a collection of Cantiones sacrae dedicated to the queen; of the 34 motets, Tallis contributed 16 and Byrd 18.

  • Cantique de Jean Racine, Op. 11 (work by Fauré)

    Cantique de Jean Racine, Op. 11, (English: “Hymn of Jean Racine”) choral work by Gabriel Fauré, composed for four-part chorus and organ in 1865 and revised for chorus and chamber orchestra in 1906. The words sung by the chorus (“Verbe égal au Très-Haut”) are a translation by 17th-century French

  • Cantique des plaines (novel by Huston)

    Nancy Huston: …in English, under the title Plainsong, before translating it into French. Her subsequent novels include Virevolte (1994; Slow Emergencies), L’Empreinte de l’ange (1998; The Mark of the Angel), and Dolce agonia (2001; Eng. trans. Dolce Agonia). She won the Prix Femina again, for Lignes de faille (2006), a translation into…

  • Cantiques bretons (collection of medieval songs)

    Celtic literature: The three major periods of Breton literature: A 17th-century collection, Cantiques bretons (1642), names several Breton airs. All the remaining works of the middle period were religious and mostly in verse. Three mystery plays were probably the most significant products of the period: Buez santez Nonn (“Life of St. Nonn”), Burzud bras Jesuz (“The Great…

  • canto (poetry)

    Canto, major division of an epic or other long narrative poem. An Italian term, derived from the Latin cantus (“song”), it probably originally indicated a portion of a poem that could be sung or chanted by a minstrel at one sitting. Though early oral epics, such as Homer’s, are divided into

  • Canto a Buenos Aires (work by Mujica Láinez)

    Manuel Mujica Láinez: Canto a Buenos Aires (1943), his first literary success, is a poetic chronicle of the foundation and development of the Argentine capital. He solidified his reputation in Argentina with a series of novels known as his Buenos Aires cycle; Los idolos (1953; “The Idols”), La…

  • canto carnascialesco (Italian music)

    Carnival song, late 15th- and early 16th-century part song performed in Florence during the carnival season. The Florentines celebrated not only the pre-Lenten revelry but also the Calendimaggio, which began on May 1 and ended with the Feast of St. John on June 24. An essential part of the

  • canto de las palomas, El (picture book by Herrera)

    Juan Felipe Herrera: …his picture books for children, Calling the Doves/El canto de las palomas (1995), which won the 1997 Ezra Jack Keats Book Award for children’s literature written by new children’s book authors. Calling the Doves is a bilingual telling of the author’s nomadic childhood among migrant farmworkers. His books of poetry…

  • Canto general (work by Neruda)

    Canto general, (Spanish: General Song) an epic poem of Latin America by Pablo Neruda, published in two volumes in 1950. Mixing his communist sympathies with national pride, Neruda depicts Latin American history as a grand, continuous struggle against oppression. Comprising more than 300 poems,

  • Canto novo (poetry by D’Annunzio)

    Gabriele D'Annunzio: The poems in Canto novo (1882; “New Song”) had more individuality and were full of exuberance and passionate, sensuous descriptions. The autobiographical novel Il piacere (1889; The Child of Pleasure) introduces the first of D’Annunzio’s passionate Nietzschean superman heroes; another appears in L’innocente (1892; The Intruder). D’Annunzio had…

  • cantometrics (music)

    Alan Lomax: His work in cantometrics (the statistical analysis of singing styles correlated with anthropological data), which he developed with Victor Grauer, is the most comprehensive study of folk song as yet undertaken. Cantometrics: A Handbook and Training Method appeared in 1976. Lomax also wrote and directed the documentary The…

  • Cantometrics: A Handbook and Training Method (work by Lomax)

    Alan Lomax: Cantometrics: A Handbook and Training Method appeared in 1976. Lomax also wrote and directed the documentary The Land Where the Blues Began (1985). In 1997 the Alan Lomax Collection debuted on Rounder Records. The series featured more than 100 albums of music recorded by Lomax.

  • Canton (Ohio, United States)

    Canton, city, seat (1808) of Stark county, northeastern Ohio, U.S. The city lies approximately 60 miles (100 km) south-southeast of Cleveland. It is the focus of a metropolitan area that includes the cities of North Canton and Massillon and the village of East Canton. Laid out in 1805, it was

  • canton (European government)

    Canton, political subdivision in France, Switzerland, and other European countries. In France the canton, a subdivision of the arrondissement, is a territorial division rather than a genuine unit of local government; it is only a convenient administrative subdivision for purposes of elections, tax

  • canton (heraldry)

    heraldry: Ordinaries: …one-fourth of the shield; the canton, smaller than the quarter, is one-third of the chief. Checky, or chequy, describes the field or charge divided into squares of two tinctures, like a checkerboard. Billets are oblong figures. If their number exceeds 10 and they are irregularly placed, the field is described…

  • Canton (South Dakota, United States)

    Canton, city, seat (1867) of Lincoln county, southeastern South Dakota, U.S. It lies along the Big Sioux River at the Iowa border, about 20 miles (30 km) southeast of Sioux Falls. It was founded in 1866 and was first called Commerce City but was renamed (1868) by settlers who believed that its

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