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  • Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce (Canadian bank)

    Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce, major commercial banking company operating in Canada and other countries. Headquarters are in Toronto. The bank was established in 1858 as the Bank of Canada and reorganized in 1867 as the Canadian Bank of Commerce. The present name was assumed upon the merger in

  • Canadian Kennel Club (Canadian organization)

    dog: The breeds: …in the United States, the Canadian Kennel Club, the Kennel Club of England, and the Australian National Kennel Council, maintain pedigrees and stud books on every dog in every breed registered in their respective countries. The Foxhound Kennel Stud Book, published in England in 1844, was one of the earliest…

  • Canadian Labour Congress (Canadian trade union association)

    Canadian Labour Congress (CLC), nationwide association of labour unions in Canada, comprising both wholly Canadian “national” unions and “international” unions that are Canadian branches of unions based in the United States. The CLC was formed in 1956 through the merger of the Trades and Labour

  • Canadian literature

    Canadian literature, the body of written works produced by Canadians. Reflecting the country’s dual origin and its official bilingualism, the literature of Canada can be split into two major divisions: English and French. This article provides a brief historical account of each of these

  • Canadian Literature (Canadian magazine)

    George Woodcock: …well as innumerable essays on Canadian literature, many for the quarterly Canadian Literature, which he helped found in 1959 and edited until 1977. He published biographies of his friend George Orwell (1966), Mordecai Richler (1970), Herbert Read (1972), and others, as well as two volumes of autobiography: Letter to the…

  • Canadian Mercury (Canadian periodical)

    Montreal group: …Montreal, these poets founded the Canadian Mercury (1928–29), a literary organ for young writers, and subsequently founded, edited, and wrote for a number of other influential journals—e.g., the McGill Fortnightly Review and Canadian Forum.

  • Canadian Museum of Civilization (museum, Gatineau, Quebec, Canada)

    museum: New museums and collections: …Museum of Civilization (1989; now Canadian Museum of History) at Hull, Quebec, and the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao (1997) in Bilbao, Spain.

  • Canadian Museum of History (museum, Gatineau, Quebec, Canada)

    museum: New museums and collections: …Museum of Civilization (1989; now Canadian Museum of History) at Hull, Quebec, and the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao (1997) in Bilbao, Spain.

  • Canadian National Baptist Convention (Canadian religious organization)

    Southern Baptist Convention: A related Canadian organization, the Canadian National Baptist Convention, reported more than 10,000 members and 250 congregations in the first decades of the 21st century. Its headquarters are in Cochrane, Alberta.

  • Canadian National Exhibition (Canadian fair)

    Canadian National Exhibition (CNE), fair held annually since 1879 in Toronto. Generally lasting 18 days and ending on Labour Day (the first Monday in September), the event has historically showcased Canadian commercial and technological innovations, in addition to providing a wide variety of

  • Canadian National Railway Company (Canadian company)

    Canadian National Railway Company (CN), corporation created by the Canadian government in 1918 to operate a number of nationalized railroads (including the old Grand Trunk lines, the Intercolonial Railway, the National Transcontinental Railway, and the Canadian Northern Railway) as one of Canada’s

  • Canadian National Tower (building, Toronto, Ontario, Canada)

    CN Tower, broadcast and telecommunications tower in Toronto. Standing at a height of 1,815 feet (553 metres), it was the world’s tallest freestanding structure until 2007, when it was surpassed by the Burj Dubai building in Dubayy (Dubai), U.A.E. Construction of CN Tower began in February 1973 and

  • Canadian Northern Railway (Canadian railway)

    Canada: The Laurier era: …Mann, built or bought the Canadian Northern bit by bit with lavish subsidies from provincial governments. By 1914 Canada had one long, established, coast-to-coast railway (the Canadian Pacific) and two railway lines from Montreal to the Pacific toiling to complete their tracks in the Rocky Mountains. In such a wealth…

  • Canadian Pacific Railway Ltd. (Canadian company)

    Canadian Pacific Railway Ltd. (CP), privately owned company that operates one of Canada’s two transcontinental railroad systems. The company was established to complete a transcontinental railroad that the government had begun under the agreement by which British Columbia entered the confederation

  • Canadian Press (news agency)

    news agency: In Canada the Canadian Press is a cooperative news agency with headquarters in Toronto. The oldest and largest news agency operating exclusively in Britain is the Press Association, founded by provincial newspapers on a cooperative basis in 1868. It began active work on February 5, 1870, when the…

  • Canadian Radio-Television and Telecommunications Commission (Canadian agency)

    Canada: Broadcasting: …broadcasting is regulated by the Canadian Radio-Television and Telecommunications Commission, which was established in 1968. It authorizes the establishment of networks and private stations and specifies how much of the broadcast content must be Canadian in origin. The CBC, which broadcasts high-quality music, drama, and documentary programs, has played an…

  • Canadian Rangers (Canadian paramilitary organization)

    Canadian Rangers, organization within the Canadian Armed Forces created to provide a paramilitary presence in the North of Canada and in other remote areas using mainly local aboriginal populations. The original Ranger organization was created in British Columbia during World War II and was known

  • Canadian Red Ensign (emblem)

    flag of Canada: …civil ensign (later called the Canadian Red Ensign) for Canadian vessels. On land, that defaced ensign was used, without authorization, as an unofficial national flag combining Canadian patriotism and loyalty to Britain. Perhaps in imitation of the stars added to the United States flag whenever a new state joined the…

  • Canadian Reform Conservative Alliance (political party, Canada)

    Canadian Alliance, former Canadian populist conservative political party, largely based in the western provinces. The Canadian Alliance traced its roots to the Reform Party, which formed in 1987 as a populist and conservative expression of western Canadian frustration with the governing Progressive

  • Canadian River (river, United States)

    Canadian River, river that rises in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains, northeastern New Mexico, U.S., and flows southward across the Las Vegas Plains, cutting a gorge nearly 1,500 feet (450 m) deep in the Canadian escarpment before turning eastward. It continues through the Texas Panhandle in a deep,

  • Canadian Rockies (mountains, Canada)

    Canadian Rockies, segment of the Rocky Mountains, extending southeastward for about 1,000 miles (1,600 km) from northern British Columbia, Canada, and forming nearly half the 900-mile (1,500-km) border between the provinces of British Columbia and Alberta. The Mackenzie and Selwyn mountains farther

  • Canadian Rugby Football Union (Canadian sports organization)

    gridiron football: Football in Canada: …1880; the final one, the Canadian Rugby Union (CRU), formed in 1891. Provincial unions were likewise formed in Ontario and Quebec in 1883, but football developed later in the West, with the Western Canadian Rugby Football Union not forming until 1911. The top senior clubs—the Big Four of Quebec and…

  • Canadian Rugby Union (Canadian sports organization)

    gridiron football: Football in Canada: …1880; the final one, the Canadian Rugby Union (CRU), formed in 1891. Provincial unions were likewise formed in Ontario and Quebec in 1883, but football developed later in the West, with the Western Canadian Rugby Football Union not forming until 1911. The top senior clubs—the Big Four of Quebec and…

  • Canadian Security Intelligence Service (Canadian organization)

    Canada: Police: In 1984 the Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS) was created to replace the security service previously provided by the RCMP. The CSIS’s purpose is to conduct security investigations within Canada related to subversion, terrorism, and foreign espionage.

  • Canadian serviceberry (plant)

    serviceberry: Common species: …(10 feet); the Canadian, or shadblow, serviceberry (A. canadensis), which reaches up to about 8 metres (26 feet); and the Allegheny serviceberry (A. laevis), which is similar to A. canadensis but is taller and has more nodding flower clusters. The downy serviceberry (A. arborea) is also similar to A. canadensis…

  • Canadian Shield (shield, North America)

    Canadian Shield, one of the world’s largest geologic continental shields, centred on Hudson Bay and extending for 8 million square km (3 million square miles) over eastern, central, and northwestern Canada from the Great Lakes to the Canadian Arctic and into Greenland, with small extensions into

  • Canadian Space Agency (Canadian government organization)

    Canadian Space Agency (CSA), Canadian government organization founded in 1989 that coordinates spaceflight activities. Its headquarters are in Longueuil, Que. The chief executive of the CSA is the president, who is assisted by a senior vice president and the directors of four branches: Space

  • Canadian thistle (plant)

    thistle: Canadian thistle (Cirsium arvense) is a troublesome weed in agricultural areas of North America, and more than 10 species of sow thistle (Sonchus) are widespread throughout Europe. Some species of globe thistle (Echinops) are cultivated as ornamentals. The thistle is the national emblem of Scotland.

  • Canadian waterweed (plant)

    Elodea: Canadian waterweed (Elodea canadensis), for example, has naturalized in Asia, Africa, Australia, and Europe and is an obstacle to lake navigation in many areas.

  • Canadian whisky (distilled spirit)

    whiskey: The Canadian whisky industry began in the early 19th century. Canadian whiskys are light in body and flavour and are always blends of both highly flavoured and neutral grain whiskys. They are made from mashes composed of combinations of corn, rye, wheat, and barley malt prepared…

  • Canadian wild ginger (herb)

    wild ginger: Canadian wild ginger, or snakeroot (A. canadense), grows about 15 to 30 cm (6 to 12 inches) tall in shady woods in eastern North America. It usually bears two heart-shaped, downy leaves and a single inconspicuous cup-shaped flower. The flower develops in the angle between…

  • Canadian Zone (region, New Mexico, United States)

    New Mexico: Plant and animal life: The Canadian Zone, covering 4,000 square miles (10,000 square km) at elevations of 8,500 to 9,500 feet (2,600 to 2,900 metres), contains blue spruce and Douglas fir. The Hudsonian and Arctic-Alpine zones, above 9,500 feet, are too small in area and too sparsely covered to be…

  • Canadian-American Challenge Cup (auto-racing trophy)

    Canadian-American Challenge Cup, trophy of a series of automobile races that took place annually from 1966 to 1975 and from 1977 to 1986. It was sponsored jointly by the Sports Car Club of America (SCCA) and the Canadian Automobile Sports Committee (CASC). Entries were two-seater sports and r

  • Canadian-Greenland Shield (shield, North America)

    Canadian Shield, one of the world’s largest geologic continental shields, centred on Hudson Bay and extending for 8 million square km (3 million square miles) over eastern, central, and northwestern Canada from the Great Lakes to the Canadian Arctic and into Greenland, with small extensions into

  • Canadians of Old, The (novel by Gaspé)

    Philippe Aubert de Gaspé: …wrote Les Anciens Canadiens (The Canadians of Old). A French Canadian classic, it is a romantic historical novel set in Canada at the time of the British conquest (1760). Its idealization of the “good old days,” the farmer’s loyalty to the soil, and distrust of English Canada influenced the…

  • Canadien errant, Un (song by Gérin-Lajoie)

    Antoine Gérin-Lajoie: …college years, Gérin-Lajoie composed “Un Canadien errant” (“A Wandering Canadian”), a song that invoked those exiled after the rebellions of 1837–38. He also wrote an early French Canadian play, the tragedy Le Jeune Latour (1844; “The Young Latour”). While on the staff of the Montreal newspaper La Minerve, of…

  • Canadien, Le (Canadian newspaper)

    Canadian literature: After the British conquest, 1763–1830: …later, French-language newspapers such as Le Canadien (1806) and La Minerve (1826) offered the only medium of mass communication, of contact with Europe and the United States, and of political expression at home. The first scattered indications of literature (anecdotes, poems, essays, and sermons) appeared in their pages, as did…

  • Canado-Americaine (people)

    Canada: The Quebec question: …Canadian province where citizens of French origin are in the majority, has developed a distinctive culture that differs in many respects from that of the rest of Canada—and, indeed, from the rest of North America. Although there are many in Quebec who support the confederation with the English-speaking provinces, many…

  • canahua (plant)

    South America: Food crops: …environments, such as quinoa and canahua, both small grains used as cereals, and tuberoses such as ullucu and oca. Squashes and pumpkins are pre-Columbian crops that have spread throughout the world, as is the tomato, indigenous to South America’s west coast. Cashews, cultivated in most tropical countries, and Brazil nuts,…

  • Canaima (novel by Gallegos)

    Rómulo Gallegos: …singer of the Llanos, while Canaima (1935; Eng. trans. Canaima) is a story of the tropical forest, named after the evil spirit that pervades the jungle.

  • Canaima National Park (national park, Venezuela)

    South America: Human influences on wildlife: …to the establishment (1962) of Canaima National Park in the Guiana Highlands, which with an area of nearly 11,600 square miles is the largest park on the continent. Overall, South America has about 58,000 square miles of parks, but the inviolability of many of those sanctuaries against the pressures of…

  • Canaima, Parque Nacional (national park, Venezuela)

    South America: Human influences on wildlife: …to the establishment (1962) of Canaima National Park in the Guiana Highlands, which with an area of nearly 11,600 square miles is the largest park on the continent. Overall, South America has about 58,000 square miles of parks, but the inviolability of many of those sanctuaries against the pressures of…

  • Çanak incident (European history)

    Winston Churchill: During World War I: …a small British force at Chanak (now Çanakkale). Churchill was foremost in urging a firm stand against them, but the handling of the issue by the cabinet gave the public impression that a major war was being risked for an inadequate cause and on insufficient consideration. A political debacle ensued…

  • Çanak, Treaty of (United Kingdom-Ottoman Empire [1809])

    Treaty of Çanak, (Jan. 5, 1809), pact signed between the Ottoman Empire and Great Britain at Çanak (now Çanakkale, Tur.) that affirmed the principle that no warships of any power should enter the Straits of the Dardanelles and the Bosporus. The treaty anticipated the London Straits Convention of

  • Çanakkale (Turkey)

    Çanakkale, city, northwestern Turkey. It is located at the mouth of the Koca River (the ancient Rhodius River), on the Asian side of the Dardanelles. Originally a 15th-century Ottoman fortress called Kale-i Sultaniye, it had by the 18th century developed a reputation for its pottery, whence its

  • Çanakkale Bŏgazi (strait, Turkey)

    Dardanelles, narrow strait in northwestern Turkey, 38 miles (61 km) long and 0.75 to 4 miles (1.2 to 6.5 km) wide, linking the Aegean Sea with the Sea of Marmara. The city of Dardanus in the Troad (territory around ancient Troy), where Mithradates VI (king of Pontus) and Sulla (the Roman general)

  • canal (waterway)

    Canals and inland waterways, natural or artificial waterways used for navigation, crop irrigation, water supply, or drainage. Despite modern technological advances in air and ground transportation, inland waterways continue to fill a vital role and, in many areas, to grow substantially. This

  • Canal (film by Wajda)

    Andrzej Wajda: …together with Kanał (1957; “Canal”) and Popiół i diament (1958; Ashes and Diamonds), constituted a popular trilogy that is considered to have launched the Polish film school. The movies deal in symbolic imagery with sweeping social and political changes in Poland during the World War II-era German occupation, the…

  • Canal Colony (district, Pakistan)

    Pakistan: Traditional regions: Referred to as the Canal Colony, that area now forms the richest agricultural region of the country.

  • Canal du Centre (canal, France)

    Emiland-Marie Gauthey: …of the Charolais Canal, or Canal du Centre, which united the Loire and Saône rivers in France, thus providing a water route from the Loire to the Rhône River.

  • Canal du Languedoc (canal, France)

    Midi Canal, historic canal in the Languedoc region of France, a major link in the inland waterway system from the Bay of Biscay of the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea. It was built in the 17th century at a time when France was the centre of civil engineering excellence. The Midi Canal

  • Canal du Midi (canal, France)

    Midi Canal, historic canal in the Languedoc region of France, a major link in the inland waterway system from the Bay of Biscay of the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea. It was built in the 17th century at a time when France was the centre of civil engineering excellence. The Midi Canal

  • Canal du Nord (canal, France)

    canals and inland waterways: Major inland waterways of Europe: The Canal du Nord was completed in 1965, and a bottleneck was removed on the Oise Lateral Canal with the building of two locks to accommodate through convoys to Paris.

  • Canal Latéral à la Garonne (canal, France)

    Midi Canal: …with the building of the Canal Latéral à la Garonne. The locks on both canals were shorter, at 30 metres (98 feet), than the standard French dimensions of 38.5 metres (126 feet) introduced in 1879 by Charles de Freycinet, the minister of public works, and the maximum weight a barge…

  • Canal Messier (fjord, Chile)

    fjord: …m (4,290 feet) deep, and Canal Messier in Chile is 1,270 m (4,167 feet). The great depth of these submerged valleys, extending thousands of feet below sea level, is compatible only with a glacial origin. It is assumed that the enormous, thick glaciers that formed in these valleys were so…

  • canal of Rosenthal (anatomy)

    human ear: Organ of Corti: …osseous spiral lamina, called the canal of Rosenthal. The bipolar cell bodies of these neurons constitute the spiral ganglion. Beyond the ganglion their distal processes extend radially outward in the bony lamina beneath the limbus to pass through an array of small pores directly under the inner hair cells, called…

  • canal of Schlemm (anatomy)

    glaucoma: …into a circular channel, the canal of Schlemm, from which the aqueous humour flows (by way of vessels called aqueous veins) into blood vessels. Blockage of the aqueous humour flow causes increased pressure in the posterior chamber, and this pressure is transmitted by way of the vitreous to the optic…

  • canal ray (physics)

    Eugen Goldstein: …what he termed Kanalstrahlen, or canal rays, also called positive rays; these are positively charged ions that are accelerated toward and through a perforated cathode in an evacuated tube. He also contributed greatly to the study of cathode rays; in 1876 he showed that these rays could cast sharp shadows,…

  • Canal Zone (region, Panama)

    Canal Zone, historic administrative entity in Panama over which the United States exercised jurisdictional rights from 1903 to 1979. It was a strip of land 10 miles (16 km) wide along the Panama Canal, extending from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean and bisecting the Isthmus of Panama. It covered

  • Canal Zone Library and Museum (library and museum, Balboa Heights, Panama)

    Balboa Heights: The Canal Zone Library and Museum (founded 1914) in Balboa Heights exhibits relics and miniatures of important ships in Panama’s history.

  • Canal, Giovanni Antonio (Italian artist)

    Canaletto, Italian topographical painter whose masterful expression of atmosphere in his detailed views (vedute) of Venice and London and of English country homes influenced succeeding generations of landscape artists. Canaletto was born into a noble family whose coat of arms he occasionally used

  • Canal, Martino da (Italian author)

    Italian literature: The influence of France: …works, such as the Venetian Martino da Canal and the Florentine Brunetto Latini—authors of, respectively, Les estoires de Venise (1275; “The History of Venice”) and the encyclopaedic Livres dou trésor (c. 1260; “Books of the Treasure”)—were much better acquainted with French, while poets such as Sordello

  • Canale 5 (Italian television network)

    Silvio Berlusconi: Early life and first term as prime minister: In 1980 he established Canale 5, Italy’s first commercial television network, and by the end of the decade Berlusconi-created stations dominated Italian airwaves. Berlusconi also diversified his business holdings, acquiring department stores, movie theatres, publishing companies, and the AC Milan football team. He consolidated his empire under the umbrella…

  • Canale degli Angeli, Il (film by Pasinetti)

    Francesco Pasinetti: …budget, he directed the documentary Il Canale degli Angeli (“The Canal of the Angels”). For this film, Pasinetti visually captured a melancholy atmosphere, using the Laguna Veneta—the lagoon that surrounds Venice—as a backdrop. In 1936 he became a teacher of motion picture direction and screenwriting at the Centre for Experimental…

  • Canalejas y Méndez, José (prime minister of Spain)

    José Canalejas, Spanish statesman and prime minister whose anticlerical “Padlock Law” forbade the establishment of new religious orders and introduced obligatory military service. Canalejas’s political career began with his election to the Cortes (parliament) in 1881 for the district of Soria. In

  • Canalejas, José (prime minister of Spain)

    José Canalejas, Spanish statesman and prime minister whose anticlerical “Padlock Law” forbade the establishment of new religious orders and introduced obligatory military service. Canalejas’s political career began with his election to the Cortes (parliament) in 1881 for the district of Soria. In

  • Canalena (people)

    moiety system: Thus, the Canela of South America have four dual schemes: one to regulate marriage and three to organize people into ceremonial groups. Each of these schemes bisects the tribe in a different way, because each determines membership in a different way—for instance, by lineage, by the name…

  • Canaletto (Italian artist)

    Canaletto, Italian topographical painter whose masterful expression of atmosphere in his detailed views (vedute) of Venice and London and of English country homes influenced succeeding generations of landscape artists. Canaletto was born into a noble family whose coat of arms he occasionally used

  • Canaletto the Younger (Italian painter)

    Bernardo Bellotto, vedute (“view”) painter of the Venetian school known for his carefully drawn topographical paintings of central Italian and eastern European cities. Bellotto studied under his uncle, Canaletto, and was himself known by that name when painting outside Italy. Bellotto’s urban

  • Canali, Isabella (Italian actress and author)

    Isabella Andreini, Italian leading lady of the Compagnia dei Gelosi, the most famous of the early commedia dell’arte companies. In 1576 Flaminio Scala, a theatrical manager and scenario writer, engaged Isabella Canali to play the female lead in his company. There she met Francesco Andreini, and she

  • canalicular hepatitis (pathology)

    digestive system disease: Acute canalicular (cholestatic) hepatitis: Acute canalicular (cholestatic) hepatitis is most commonly caused by certain drugs, such as psychopharmacologics, antibiotics, and anabolic steroids or, at times, by hepatitis viruses. The symptoms are generally those of biliary obstruction and include itching, jaundice, and light-coloured stools. Drug-induced cholestasis almost…

  • canaliculi (anatomy)

    human digestive system: Microscopic anatomy: …perforated by small channels, called canaliculi, that are the terminal outposts of the biliary system, receiving bile from the hepatocyte. They eventually join with other canaliculi, forming progressively larger bile ducts that eventually emerge from the porta hepatis as the hepatic duct.

  • canaliculus (anatomy)

    human digestive system: Microscopic anatomy: …perforated by small channels, called canaliculi, that are the terminal outposts of the biliary system, receiving bile from the hepatocyte. They eventually join with other canaliculi, forming progressively larger bile ducts that eventually emerge from the porta hepatis as the hepatic duct.

  • Cananaean, the (Christian Apostle)

    Saint Simon the Apostle, ; Western feast day October 28, Eastern feast day June 19), one of the Twelve Apostles. In the Gospels of Mark and Matthew, he bears the epithet Kananaios, or the Cananaean, often wrongly interpreted to mean “from Cana” or “from Canaan.” Kananaios is the Greek

  • Cananga odorata (plant)

    Ylang-ylang, (Cananga odorata), South Asian tree of the custard apple family (Annonaceae), in the order Magnoliales. A penetrating but evanescent perfume is distilled from its flowers. Ylang-ylang in Tagalog (a Philippine language) means “flower of flowers.” The slim smooth-barked evergreen reaches

  • cananga oil (essential oil)

    Magnoliales: Chemicals: Ylang-ylang, or cananga, oil is derived by simple distillation from the petals of fully opened flowers. Although the tree blossoms throughout the year, the flowers picked in May or June yield the highest amounts of cananga oil. Long known to the peoples of East Asia,…

  • canapé (food)

    appetizer: …foods, often highly seasoned, and canapés, small pieces of bread, crackers, or croutons with various toppings, are the classic appetizer categories.

  • canard (propaganda)

    Jacob Frank: …for the revival of the canard that the Jews use Christian blood for Passover rituals.

  • canard (aircraft part)

    airplane: Engine placement: (Both pusher propellers and canard surfaces were used on the Wright Flyer; these have now come back into vogue on a number of aircraft. Canards are forward control surfaces and serve to delay the onset of the stall. Some aircraft also have forward wings, which provide lift and delay…

  • Canareggio, Andrea di (Italian composer)

    Andrea Gabrieli, Italian Renaissance composer and organist, known for his madrigals and his large-scale choral and instrumental music for public ceremonies. His finest work was composed for the acoustic resources of the Cathedral of St. Mark in Venice. He was the uncle of Giovanni Gabrieli. In the

  • Cañari (people)

    Andean peoples: Political systems: …(like the Wanka or the Cañari) sided with Europeans against the Inca, were still easy to locate and identify in the 18th century. In isolated parts of Ecuador (Saraguro, Otavalo) and Bolivia (Chipaya, Macha) this can still be done today.

  • canarian bellflower (plant)

    Campanulaceae: Canarina, the canarian bellflower, from Africa and the Canary Islands, includes three species with tuberous roots that have six rather than five petal lobes and produce berries rather than capsules. Canarina canariensis—with solitary, dull-yellow, purplish-lined, bell-shaped flowers and long, scrambling stems to more than 2 12 metres…

  • Canarias, Islas (islands, Spain)

    Canary Islands, comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Spain, consisting of an archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean, the nearest island being 67 miles (108 km) off the northwest African mainland. The Canaries comprise the Spanish provincias (provinces) of Las Palmas and Santa Cruz de Tenerife,

  • Canaries Current (Atlantic Ocean)

    Canary Current, part of a clockwise-setting ocean-current system in the North Atlantic Ocean. It branches south from the North Atlantic Current and flows southwestward along the northwest coast of Africa as far south as Senegal before turning westward to eventually join the Atlantic North E

  • Canarina (plant)

    Campanulaceae: Canarina, the canarian bellflower, from Africa and the Canary Islands, includes three species with tuberous roots that have six rather than five petal lobes and produce berries rather than capsules. Canarina canariensis—with solitary, dull-yellow, purplish-lined, bell-shaped flowers and long, scrambling stems to more than 2 12 metres…

  • Canarios (people)

    Guanche and Canario: Canario, any of the aboriginal peoples inhabiting, respectively, the western and eastern groups of the Canary Islands when first encountered by the conquering Spaniards at the beginning of the 15th century. Both populations are thought to have been of Cro-Magnon origin and may possibly have…

  • Canaris, Wilhelm (German admiral)

    Wilhelm Canaris, German admiral, head of military intelligence (Abwehr) under the Nazi regime and a key participant in the resistance of military officers to Adolf Hitler. Having served in the navy during World War I, Canaris was a member of the military tribunal that sentenced the murderers of the

  • Canaris, Wilhelm Franz (German admiral)

    Wilhelm Canaris, German admiral, head of military intelligence (Abwehr) under the Nazi regime and a key participant in the resistance of military officers to Adolf Hitler. Having served in the navy during World War I, Canaris was a member of the military tribunal that sentenced the murderers of the

  • Canarium (nut)

    Pili nut, the nut of any tree of the genus Canarium (family Burseraceae), particularly the edible nut of the Philippine tree Canarium ovatum. In the South Pacific the pili nut is a major source of fat and protein in the diet. The densely foliated tropical tree grows to 20 metres (65 feet) in

  • Canarium commune (plant)

    Sapindales: Burseraceae: commune (Java almond) of Indo-Malaysia, a source of Manila elemi, also produce commercially valuable resins. The seed of the latter, which is cultivated in Australia, is edible, as are those of several other East Asian species, which also may be processed to produce cooking oil. The…

  • Canarius, Islas (islands, Spain)

    Canary Islands, comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Spain, consisting of an archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean, the nearest island being 67 miles (108 km) off the northwest African mainland. The Canaries comprise the Spanish provincias (provinces) of Las Palmas and Santa Cruz de Tenerife,

  • canary (bird)

    Canary, (species Serinus canaria), popular cage bird of the family Fringillidae (order Passeriformes). It owes its coloration and sustained vocal powers to 400 years of selective breeding by humans. Varieties called rollers trill almost continuously, the notes running together; choppers have a loud

  • canary creeper (plant)

    Canary creeper, (species Tropaeolum peregrinum), annual climbing herb, of the family Tropaeolaceae, native to northwestern South America and introduced to other regions as a cultivated garden plant. It grows to a height of 1.8–3 m (6–10 feet). The leaves are round and deeply five-lobed. The

  • Canary Current (Atlantic Ocean)

    Canary Current, part of a clockwise-setting ocean-current system in the North Atlantic Ocean. It branches south from the North Atlantic Current and flows southwestward along the northwest coast of Africa as far south as Senegal before turning westward to eventually join the Atlantic North E

  • canary grass (plant)

    peppergrass: Virginia peppergrass (L. virginicum), spread throughout North America, sometimes is known as canary grass because its seed stalks are fed to cage birds. Its leaves are used in salads. Lentejilla, or little lentil (L. armoracia), is native to Europe but has naturalized in Mexico, where…

  • Canary Islands (islands, Spain)

    Canary Islands, comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Spain, consisting of an archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean, the nearest island being 67 miles (108 km) off the northwest African mainland. The Canaries comprise the Spanish provincias (provinces) of Las Palmas and Santa Cruz de Tenerife,

  • Canary Islands chaffinch (bird)

    chaffinch: blue, chaffinch (F. teydea) is similar.

  • canary nasturtium (plant)

    Canary creeper, (species Tropaeolum peregrinum), annual climbing herb, of the family Tropaeolaceae, native to northwestern South America and introduced to other regions as a cultivated garden plant. It grows to a height of 1.8–3 m (6–10 feet). The leaves are round and deeply five-lobed. The

  • Canary Wharf (dockland area, London, United Kingdom)

    London: Financial districts: …was the business city of Canary Wharf, built by the Canadian Reichmann brothers in the derelict docks 1.5 miles (2.4 km) east of the Square Mile. The project bankrupted its developers but left London with an enduring memorial of the boom years of the financial services revolution.

  • canarybird flower (plant)

    Canary creeper, (species Tropaeolum peregrinum), annual climbing herb, of the family Tropaeolaceae, native to northwestern South America and introduced to other regions as a cultivated garden plant. It grows to a height of 1.8–3 m (6–10 feet). The leaves are round and deeply five-lobed. The

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