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  • Amati family (Italian violin makers)

    Amati Family, a family of celebrated Italian violin makers in Cremona in the 16th and 17th centuries. Andrea (c. 1520–c. 1578), the founder of the Cremona school of violin making, was perhaps originally influenced by the work of slightly earlier makers from Brescia. His earliest-known violins are

  • Amati, Andrea (Italian violin maker)

    Amati Family: Andrea (c. 1520–c. 1578), the founder of the Cremona school of violin making, was perhaps originally influenced by the work of slightly earlier makers from Brescia. His earliest-known violins are dated about 1564. In essentials, they set the style for all the models made by…

  • Amati, Nicolò (Italian violin maker)

    Amati Family: …are known as the brothers Amati.

  • Amatique Bay (bay, Central America)

    Amatique Bay, inlet of the Gulf of Honduras in the Caribbean Sea, indenting eastern Guatemala and southeastern Belize. Extending northwestward for about 40 miles (64 km) from Santo Tomás de Castilla, it is some 15 miles (24 km) from northeast to southwest. Three rivers empty into Amatique Bay: the

  • Amatique, Bahía de (bay, Central America)

    Amatique Bay, inlet of the Gulf of Honduras in the Caribbean Sea, indenting eastern Guatemala and southeastern Belize. Extending northwestward for about 40 miles (64 km) from Santo Tomás de Castilla, it is some 15 miles (24 km) from northeast to southwest. Three rivers empty into Amatique Bay: the

  • Amatitlán, Lago de (lake, Guatemala)

    Lake Amatitlán, lake, south-central Guatemala, in the central highlands at 4,085 feet (1,248 metres) above sea level. The volcanic lake, 130 feet (40 metres) deep, is 7 miles (11 km) long and 2 miles (3 km) wide and has an area of about 6 square miles (15 square km). It is fed by the Villalobos

  • Amatitlán, Lake (lake, Guatemala)

    Lake Amatitlán, lake, south-central Guatemala, in the central highlands at 4,085 feet (1,248 metres) above sea level. The volcanic lake, 130 feet (40 metres) deep, is 7 miles (11 km) long and 2 miles (3 km) wide and has an area of about 6 square miles (15 square km). It is fed by the Villalobos

  • Amato, Giuliano (Italian politician)

    Italy: Emergence of the second republic: Socialist Prime Minister Giuliano Amato (1992–93), whose government had been rocked by the corruption scandal, resigned shortly after the passage of the referendum, and President Scalfaro asked Carlo Azeglio Ciampi to step in and form a government to implement the electoral reforms and stabilize the economy. The collapse…

  • amatol (chemical compound)

    explosive: Picric acid and ammonium picrate: …AN and TNT, known as amatol. Their principal advantages were that they made the supply of TNT go further and were considerably cheaper. In World War II the amatols were used in aerial bombs as well as artillery shells.

  • amatsukami (sacred power)

    kami: …Shintō the heavenly kami (amatsukami) were considered nobler than the earthly kami (kunitsukami), but in modern Shintō this distinction is no longer made. Kami are manifested in, or take residence in, symbolic objects such as a mirror (see shintai), in which form they are usually worshipped in Shintō shrines.…

  • Amauri (king of Jerusalem)

    Amalric I, king of Jerusalem from 1163 to 1174, a strong ruler who protected the rights of vassals and helped prevent Muslim unity around the Holy Land. Amalric, the son of King Fulk of Jerusalem, had been count of Jaffa and Ascalon before succeeding his elder brother Baldwin III on the throne in

  • Amauri de Lusignan (king of Jerusalem)

    Amalric II, king of Cyprus (1194–1205) and of Jerusalem (1197–1205) who ably ruled the two separated kingdoms. Amalric had been constable of Palestine before he was summoned by the Franks in Cyprus to become king there after the death of his brother Guy of Lusignan. Amalric planned a close alliance

  • amaurobiid (spider)

    spider: Annotated classification: Family Amaurobiidae 680 species common worldwide. Cribellum; 3 tarsal claws without brush of setae; tarsi with dorsal row of trichobothria; resemble Agelenidae; make an irregular funnel web between stones. Family Dictynidae About 560 species common in temperate areas. Cribellum; 3 tarsal claws; tarsi lack trichobothria and…

  • Amaurobiidae (spider)

    spider: Annotated classification: Family Amaurobiidae 680 species common worldwide. Cribellum; 3 tarsal claws without brush of setae; tarsi with dorsal row of trichobothria; resemble Agelenidae; make an irregular funnel web between stones. Family Dictynidae About 560 species common in temperate areas. Cribellum; 3 tarsal claws; tarsi lack trichobothria and…

  • amaurotic familial idiocy (medical disorder)

    Tay-Sachs disease, hereditary metabolic disorder that causes progressive mental and neurologic deterioration and results in death in early childhood. The disease is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait and occurs most commonly among people of eastern European (Ashkenazic) Jewish origin. In i

  • Amaury (king of Jerusalem)

    Amalric I, king of Jerusalem from 1163 to 1174, a strong ruler who protected the rights of vassals and helped prevent Muslim unity around the Holy Land. Amalric, the son of King Fulk of Jerusalem, had been count of Jaffa and Ascalon before succeeding his elder brother Baldwin III on the throne in

  • Amaury (lord of Montfort)

    Montfort Family: Montfort-l’Amaury took its name from Amaury, or Amalric (d. c. 1053), the builder of the castle there, whose father had been invested with the lordship by Hugh Capet. Amaury’s grandson Simon (d. 1181 or later) married Amicia, ultimately the heiress of the English earldom of Leicester, and it was through…

  • Amaury de Lusignan (king of Jerusalem)

    Amalric II, king of Cyprus (1194–1205) and of Jerusalem (1197–1205) who ably ruled the two separated kingdoms. Amalric had been constable of Palestine before he was summoned by the Franks in Cyprus to become king there after the death of his brother Guy of Lusignan. Amalric planned a close alliance

  • Amauta (Peruvian journal)

    César Vallejo: …Peru by publishing articles in Amauta, the journal founded by his friend José Carlos Mariátegui, founder of the Peruvian Communist Party.

  • amauta (Inca scholar)

    education: The Incas: …respected encyclopaedic scholars known as amautas. After the completion of this education, the pupils were required to pass a series of rigorous examinations in order to attain full status in the life of the Inca nobility.

  • Amāvatura (work by Guruḷugōmī)

    South Asian arts: Sinhalese literature: 10th century ad to 19th century: …rather than literary, is the Amāvatura (“Flood of the Ambrosia”), by Guruḷugōmī, which in 18 chapters purports to narrate the life of the Buddha, with specific emphasis on one of his nine virtues—his capacity to tame recalcitrant people or forces. In a similar vein is the literature of devotion and…

  • Amaxíkhi (Greece)

    Leucas: The chief town, Levkás, lies at the northeastern corner, which in antiquity was separated by a marshy isthmus. It was formerly called Amaxíkhi or Santa Maura; the latter is also the Venetian name for the island. Most of the population inhabit the wooded east coast and its valleys.

  • Amaya Amador, Ramón (Honduran author)

    Ramón Amaya Amador, Honduran author known for his social novels, many of them historical in nature, and his politically charged nonfiction works. Amaya Amador grew up outside of the Standard Fruit Company’s banana plantations in his native department of Yoro. As an adult, he spent time as a

  • Amaziah (king of Judah)

    biblical literature: Amos: …of the shrine at Bethel, Amaziah, resented Amos’ incursion on his territory and told him to go back to his home in the south. In reply to Amaziah, Amos prophesied the bitter end of Amaziah’s family. Another vision in chapter 8, that of a basket of ripe fruit, pointed to…

  • Amazigh (people)

    Berber, any of the descendants of the pre-Arab inhabitants of North Africa. The Berbers live in scattered communities across Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Mali, Niger, and Mauritania. They speak various Amazigh languages belonging to the Afro-Asiatic family related to ancient Egyptian.

  • Amazigh languages

    Berber languages, family of languages in the Afro-Asiatic language phylum. As they are the most homogeneous division within Afro-Asiatic, the Berber languages have often been referred to as a single language in the past (especially in the tradition of French scholarship). Berber languages are

  • Amazin’ Mets (American baseball team)

    New York Mets, American professional baseball team based in Flushing, Queens, New York. The Mets have won two World Series championships (1969, 1986) and five National League (NL) pennants. The Mets trace their roots to the proposed Continental League, whose formation was announced in 1959 by New

  • Amazin’ Software (American company)

    Electronic Arts, Inc., American developer and manufacturer of electronic games for personal computers (PCs) and video game consoles. Established in 1982 by William M. (“Trip”) Hawkins, Electronic Arts (EA) now has a product line that includes the popular franchises The Sims, Command & Conquer, and

  • Amazing Adventures of Kavalier and Clay, The (novel by Chabon)

    Michael Chabon: Chabon’s third novel, The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier and Clay (2000), was the sprawling tale of two Jewish cousins who, at the cusp of the comic book phenomenon that began in the mid-1930s, devise a superhero and shepherd him to fame in the pages of their own serial.…

  • Amazing Dr. Clitterhouse, The (film by Litvak [1938])

    John Huston: Early work: >The Amazing Dr. Clitterhouse (1938), and William Dieterle’s Juarez (1939) before directing his father in A Passage to Bali on Broadway in 1940.

  • Amazing Grace (film by Pollack and Elliott [2019])

    Aretha Franklin: The documentary Amazing Grace, which chronicles her recording of the 1972 album, premiered in 2018.

  • Amazing Grace (work by Newton)

    common metre: The song “Amazing Grace” by John Newton is an example of common metre, as can be seen in the following verse:

  • Amazing Grace (film by Apted [2006])

    Benedict Cumberbatch: Early life and career: …major film role was in Amazing Grace (2006), a historical treatment of politician William Wilberforce’s antislavery efforts, in which Cumberbatch played Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger.

  • Amazing Grace (album by Franklin)

    Aretha Franklin: Amazing Grace (1972), a live recording of her performance with a choir at the New Temple Missionary Baptist Church in Los Angeles, is considered one of the great gospel albums of any era. By the late 1970s disco cramped Franklin’s style and eroded her popularity.…

  • Amazing Marriage, The (novel by Meredith)

    George Meredith: Mature works.: The final novel, The Amazing Marriage (1895), repeats the theme of Lord Ormont—that a wife is free to leave a husband who does not recognize her as an equal.

  • Amazing Race, The (American television program)

    Jerry Bruckheimer: …dramas and the reality series The Amazing Race—that brought the high production standards and intricate story lines of movies to the small screen. In 2005–06 he made television history as the first producer to have 10 shows air in a single season.

  • Amazing Spider-Man 2, The (film by Webb [2014])

    Jamie Foxx: …and the villain Electro in The Amazing Spider-Man 2 (2014). Foxx next portrayed a New York City mayoral candidate who takes a shine to the titular orphan in a remake (2014) of the classic musical Annie (1976). His film credits from 2017 included Sleepless, in which he played an undercover…

  • Amazing Spider-Man, The (film by Webb [2012])

    Emma Stone: …Stacy, in the superhero movies The Amazing Spider-Man (2012) and The Amazing Spider-Man 2 (2014), and she took another turn as Gosling’s love interest in the widely panned crime flick Gangster Squad (2013). She also costarred with Colin Firth in Woody Allen’s romantic comedy Magic in the Moonlight (2014).

  • Amazing Spider-Man, The (comic book)

    Spider-Man: Origins and development in the comics: …comic series that began with The Amazing Spider-Man (abbreviated ASM), vol. 1, no. 1, in March 1963. The eponymous character immediately became integral to the ever-burgeoning “Marvel universe” as well, interacting (and sometimes exchanging blows) with such mainstays as the Fantastic Four, that group’s Human Torch (another teen hero), Daredevil,…

  • Amazing Stories (American magazine)

    Hugo Gernsback: In 1926 Gernsback began publishing Amazing Stories, one of the first magazines devoted exclusively to what he referred to as “scientifiction.” The stories were often crudely written, but the very existence of the magazine and its successors, including Wonder Stories, encouraged the development and refinement of the genre. His contribution…

  • Amazins (American baseball team)

    New York Mets, American professional baseball team based in Flushing, Queens, New York. The Mets have won two World Series championships (1969, 1986) and five National League (NL) pennants. The Mets trace their roots to the proposed Continental League, whose formation was announced in 1959 by New

  • Amazon (West African military corps)

    Benin: The kingdom of Dahomey: …female contingent (called the “Amazons” by Europeans) drawn from the king’s wives. The king’s authority was buttressed by an elaborate cult of the deceased kings of the dynasty, who were honoured by the offering of human sacrifices at yearly public ceremonies (the “annual customs”). Its rulers succeeded in uniting…

  • Amazon (Greek mythology)

    Amazon, in Greek mythology, member of a race of women warriors. The story of the Amazons probably originated as a variant of a tale recurrent in many cultures, that of a distant land organized oppositely from one’s own. The ascribed habitat of the Amazons necessarily became more remote as Greek

  • amazon (bird)

    psittaciform: lovebirds, amazons, macaws, and parrotlets (or parrolets), in addition to the lorikeets (including lories) as well as the kea and the kakapo of New Zealand. Members of the cockatoo

  • Amazon Basin (river basin, South America)

    plant: Plant geography: Amazon basin have evolved as a part of a river system whose water level fluctuates annually by as much as 15 metres (50 feet) or more along the middle and lower Amazon. There are substantial further differences in the quality of water. The Negro River,…

  • Amazon Cooperation Treaty (South America [1978])

    Amazon River: Exploration since 1900: The Amazon Cooperation Treaty, signed in Brasília in 1978 by representatives of all the basin’s countries, pledged the signatories to a coordinated development of the region on sound ecological principles. (In 1995 those countries created the Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization to strengthen and better implement the…

  • Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization (international organization)

    Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization (ACTO), international organization founded to promote the preservation of the Amazon basin and regulate Amazonian development through international cooperation. The Amazon Cooperation Treaty was drafted and signed on July 3, 1978, by Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia,

  • Amazon Lowlands (river basin, South America)

    plant: Plant geography: Amazon basin have evolved as a part of a river system whose water level fluctuates annually by as much as 15 metres (50 feet) or more along the middle and lower Amazon. There are substantial further differences in the quality of water. The Negro River,…

  • Amazon of the Seas (region, Pacific Ocean)

    Coral Triangle, large, roughly triangular-shaped marine region characterized by tremendous biodiversity and spanning approximately 6 million square km (2.3 million square miles) of the western Pacific Ocean. It is made up of the sea zones that touch the shores of Indonesia, Malaysia, the

  • Amazon parrot (bird)

    psittaciform: lovebirds, amazons, macaws, and parrotlets (or parrolets), in addition to the lorikeets (including lories) as well as the kea and the kakapo of New Zealand. Members of the cockatoo

  • Amazon Rainforest (region, South America)

    Amazon Rainforest, large tropical rainforest occupying the drainage basin of the Amazon River and its tributaries in northern South America and covering an area of 2,300,000 square miles (6,000,000 square km). Comprising about 40 percent of Brazil’s total area, it is bounded by the Guiana Highlands

  • Amazon red squirrel (rodent)

    squirrel: Natural history: … (Rubrisciurus rubriventer) and the northern Amazon red squirrel (Sciurus igniventris), nest at middle levels but travel and forage low in the understory or on the ground. The African palm squirrels (genus Epixerus) are long-legged runners that forage only on the ground. Certain species, such as the red-tailed squirrel (S. granatensis)…

  • Amazon River (river, South America)

    Amazon River, the greatest river of South America and the largest drainage system in the world in terms of the volume of its flow and the area of its basin. The total length of the river—as measured from the headwaters of the Ucayali-Apurímac river system in southern Peru—is at least 4,000 miles

  • Amazon river dolphin (mammal)

    river dolphin: The largest species is the Amazon river dolphin (Inia geoffrensis). Also called boto, bufeo, and pink dolphin, it is common in the turbid waters of the Amazon and Orinoco river basins. A male Amazon river dolphin can grow to over 2.4 metres (8 feet) and 160 kg (350 pounds); females…

  • Amazon river turtle (turtle)

    Arrau, large and somewhat flat freshwater turtle with a neck that does not retract but instead can be tucked to the side and concealed beneath the shell (see side-necked turtle). Of the several South American Podocnemis species, arrau generally refers to the largest, P. expansa of northern South

  • Amazon River Valley (river basin, South America)

    plant: Plant geography: Amazon basin have evolved as a part of a river system whose water level fluctuates annually by as much as 15 metres (50 feet) or more along the middle and lower Amazon. There are substantial further differences in the quality of water. The Negro River,…

  • Amazon Valley (river basin, South America)

    plant: Plant geography: Amazon basin have evolved as a part of a river system whose water level fluctuates annually by as much as 15 metres (50 feet) or more along the middle and lower Amazon. There are substantial further differences in the quality of water. The Negro River,…

  • Amazon water lily (plant)

    water lily: …leaf margins of both the Amazon, or royal, water lily (V. amazonica, formerly V. regia) and the Santa Cruz water lily (V. cruziana) have upturned edges, giving each thickly veined leaf the appearance of a large, shallow pan 60 to 180 cm (about 2 to 6 feet) across and accounting…

  • Amazon Web Services (Internet service)

    Amazon.com: Beyond retailing: …in 2002 the company launched Amazon Web Services (AWS), which initially offered data on Internet traffic patterns, Web site popularity, and other statistics for developers and marketers. In 2006 the company expanded its AWS portfolio with its Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2), which rents out computer processing power in small or…

  • Amazon’s 20th Anniversary

    In the 20 years since Amazon.com’s founding in 1994, the company had grown from a garage-based bookseller, struggling to break into an emerging online marketplace, into one of the world’s largest retailers, boasting more than $74 billion in annual revenue. That two-decade journey was hardly smooth,

  • Amazon, The (painting by Brooks)

    Romaine Goddard Brooks: Brooks’s portrait of Barney, The Amazon (c. 1920), is among her finest works and, like most of her portraits, is characterized by dark, muted colours and an image or symbol strongly associated with the particular subject: in this case, Barney, who was an expert horsewoman, is accompanied by a…

  • Amazon.com (American company)

    Amazon.com, online retailer, manufacturer of electronic book readers, and Web services provider that became the iconic example of electronic commerce. Its headquarters are in Seattle, Washington. Amazon.com is a vast Internet-based enterprise that sells books, music, movies, housewares,

  • Amazona (bird)

    psittaciform: lovebirds, amazons, macaws, and parrotlets (or parrolets), in addition to the lorikeets (including lories) as well as the kea and the kakapo of New Zealand. Members of the cockatoo

  • Amazona aestiva (bird)

    parrot: Common in aviaries is the blue-fronted Amazon (A. aestiva) of Brazil; it has a blue forehead, a yellow or blue crown, a yellow face, and red shoulders. The yellow-crowned parrot (A. ochrocephala) of Mexico, Central America, and from Ecuador to Brazil has some yellow on the head and neck, a…

  • Amazona ochrocephala (bird)

    parrot: The yellow-crowned parrot (A. ochrocephala) of Mexico, Central America, and from Ecuador to Brazil has some yellow on the head and neck, a red wing patch, and a yellow tail tip.

  • Amazonas (state, Brazil)

    Amazonas, largest estado (state) of Brazil, situated in the northwestern part of the country. It is bounded to the northwest by Colombia, to the north by Venezuela and the Brazilian state of Roraima, to the east and southeast by the Brazilian states of Pará and Mato Grosso, to the south by the

  • Amazonas (political division, Colombia)

    Amazonas, departamento, southeastern Colombia, located in the warm, humid Amazon River basin. It is bounded on the northwest by the Caquetá River, on the northeast by the Apaporis River, on the east by Brazil, and on the south by Peru and the Putumayo River. Colombia’s only direct contact with the

  • Amazonas (state, Venezuela)

    Amazonas, estado (state), southern Venezuela. It is bounded on the north by the state of Bolívar, on the east and south by Brazil, and on the west by Colombia. The large but sparsely populated state lies within the drainage basins of the Orinoco River, which rises near the Brazilian border, and the

  • Amazonia (river basin, South America)

    plant: Plant geography: Amazon basin have evolved as a part of a river system whose water level fluctuates annually by as much as 15 metres (50 feet) or more along the middle and lower Amazon. There are substantial further differences in the quality of water. The Negro River,…

  • Amazonia Craton (geology)

    South America: The Precambrian: …old) are known in the Amazonia, Luis Alves, and São Francisco cratons, although precisely dated rock samples are scarce. Ages older than 3 billion years have been reported in the Imataca Complex of Venezuela and in the Xingu area of Brazil, both in the Amazonia craton. The oldest rocks found…

  • Amazonia National Park (national park, Brazil)

    Amazonia National Park, Park, north-central Brazil, about halfway between the cities of Manaus and Belém, along the Tapajós River. Established in 1974, it has gradually expanded to cover about 3,300 sq mi (8,600 sq km) and contains an immense diversity of flora and

  • Amazonian Indians

    South American forest Indian, indigenous inhabitants of the tropical forests of South America. The tribal cultures of South America are so various that they cannot be adequately summarized in a brief space. The mosaic is baffling in its complexity: the cultures have interpenetrated one another as a

  • Amazonian manatee (mammal)

    Amazon River: Animal life: …the giant sea cow, or manatee, is sought for its flesh and for oil. All are threatened by overhunting, and the manatee has been listed as an endangered species. Aquatic animals also include river dolphins (Inia geoffrensis); the semiaquatic capybara, the largest rodent in the world (weighing up to 170…

  • Amazonian Shield (geology)

    continental shield: …shield area is called the Amazonian Shield. It occupies much of the eastern bulge of the continent. Smaller areas of Precambrian rocks to the north and south of the Amazonian Shield are designated the Guiana and Platian shields, respectively.

  • Amazonis Planitia (region, Mars)

    Mars: Sparsely cratered plains: … (centred on 30° W longitude), Amazonis Planitia (160° W), and Utopia Planitia (250° W). The only significant relief in this huge area is a large ancient impact basin, informally called the Utopia basin (40° N, 250° W).

  • amazonite (mineral)

    Amazonstone, a gemstone variety of green microcline (q.v.), a feldspar mineral. Frequently confused with jade, amazonstone varies in colour from yellow-green to blue-green and may also exhibit fine white streaks; it is usually opaque and therefore is cut en cabochon (with a rounded and convex

  • Amazonomachy (painting by Micon)

    Micon: …Stoa Poikile, Micon executed the “Amazonomachy,” or the “Battle of Theseus and the Amazons,” placed to the right of Polygnotus’ work. This work apparently marked an important advance in the rendering of space, perspective, and distance by means of the placement of figures within a composition. The painting procured Micon…

  • amazonstone (mineral)

    Amazonstone, a gemstone variety of green microcline (q.v.), a feldspar mineral. Frequently confused with jade, amazonstone varies in colour from yellow-green to blue-green and may also exhibit fine white streaks; it is usually opaque and therefore is cut en cabochon (with a rounded and convex

  • Amb (former state, Pakistan)

    Amb, former princely state, northern Pakistan. It was located along the west bank of the Indus River. Amb became part of Pakistan in 1947 and was formally abolished and incorporated within the North-West Frontier Province in 1969. The royal status of the Amb rulers was officially terminated in the

  • Amba (people)

    Ruwenzori Range: The Amba and Konjo peoples of the lower eastern slopes are mainly cultivators of beans, sweet potatoes, and bananas.

  • amba (landform)

    Eritrea: Relief: …steep-sided, flat-topped tablelands known as ambas. Encouraged by the steady expansion of cultivation, soil erosion on the plateau has left few wooded areas.

  • Ambae (island, Vanuatu)

    Aoba, volcanic island of Vanuatu, in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, 30 miles (50 km) east of Espiritu Santo. With an area of 154 square miles (399 square km), the island is dominated by Manaro, a 4,907-foot (1,496-metre) volcanic peak with three lakes in its caldera. Aoba’s landscape inspired

  • Ambala (India)

    Ambala, city, northern Haryana state, northwestern India. It lies just east of the Ghaggar River, about 25 miles (40 km) south of Chandigarh. Ambala is a major grain, cotton, and sugar trade centre and is connected by road and rail with Delhi (south) and Amritsar (northwest; Punjab state). Other

  • amban (Chinese official)

    Amban, (Manchu: “minister”) Representative of China’s Qing emperor who lived in the territory of a tributary state or dependency. In 1793 the Qing emperor Qianlong changed the procedure for selecting the Dalai Lama, and the Tibetans had to persuade the amban that they had complied. In 1904, when

  • Ambani, Anil (Indian businessman)

    Dhirubhai Ambani: …his sons, Mukesh Ambani and Anil Ambani, in the mid-1980s but continued to oversee the company until shortly before his death in 2002.

  • Ambani, Dhirajlal Hirachand (Indian businessman)

    Dhirubhai Ambani, Indian industrialist who was the founder of Reliance Industries, a giant petrochemicals, communications, power, and textiles conglomerate that was the biggest exporter in India and the first privately owned Indian company in the Fortune 500. Ambani was the third of five children

  • Ambani, Dhirubhai (Indian businessman)

    Dhirubhai Ambani, Indian industrialist who was the founder of Reliance Industries, a giant petrochemicals, communications, power, and textiles conglomerate that was the biggest exporter in India and the first privately owned Indian company in the Fortune 500. Ambani was the third of five children

  • Ambani, Mukesh (Indian businessman)

    Mukesh Ambani, Yemeni-born Indian business mogul who is the chairman and managing director of the Indian conglomerate Reliance Industries Limited (RIL), the foremost company of the Indian energy and materials conglomerate Reliance Group. Ambani was one of four children of Dhirubhai Ambani, who

  • Ambani, Mukesh Dhirubhai (Indian businessman)

    Mukesh Ambani, Yemeni-born Indian business mogul who is the chairman and managing director of the Indian conglomerate Reliance Industries Limited (RIL), the foremost company of the Indian energy and materials conglomerate Reliance Group. Ambani was one of four children of Dhirubhai Ambani, who

  • ambari (plant)

    Kenaf, (species Hibiscus cannabinus), fast-growing plant of the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae) and its fibre, one of the bast fibre group. It is used mainly as a jute substitute. The plant grows wild in Africa, where the fibre is sometimes known as Guinea hemp, and has been cultivated on

  • Ambarikhanera (India)

    Amer, former town, east-central Rajasthan state, northwestern India. Amer is now part of the Jaipur urban agglomeration. It is noted for its Amer (or Amber) Palace (also called Amer Fort), which is part of several other Rajput fortresses that collectively were designated a UNESCO World Heritage

  • Ambartsumian, Viktor Amazaspovich (Armenian astronomer)

    Viktor Amazaspovich Ambartsumian, Soviet astronomer and astrophysicist best known for his theories concerning the origin and evolution of stars and stellar systems. He was also the founder of the school of theoretical astrophysics in the Soviet Union. Ambartsumian was born of Armenian parents. His

  • ambassador (diplomat)

    Ambassador, highest rank of diplomatic representative sent by one national government to another. At the Congress of Vienna in 1815, ambassadors were one of the four classes of diplomatic agents who were formally defined and recognized. Ambassadors were deemed to represent the person and dignity

  • Ambassador Bridge (bridge, United States-Canada)

    bridge: Suspension bridges: …was soon exceeded by the Ambassador Bridge (1929) in Detroit and the George Washington Bridge (1931) in New York. The Ambassador links the United States and Canada over the Detroit River. Because of heavy traffic on the river, a wide clearance was necessary. The steel suspension bridge designed by Jonathan…

  • Ambassadors, The (novel by James)

    The Ambassadors, novel by Henry James, published in 1903. James considered it his best novel, and in the character of Lambert Strether, a middle-aged New Englander confronted with the social and aesthetic attractions of a beguiling Paris, he brought to perfection his style of first-person

  • Ambassadors, The (painting by Holbein the Younger)

    Western painting: Germany: …and Georges de Selve” (“The Ambassadors,” 1533; National Gallery, London), which depicts two French ambassadors to the English court, is probably the greatest tour de force of his years in England. The two sitters are rendered faithfully in a well-defined room and are surrounded by the trappings of 16th-century…

  • Ambassidae (fish, family Chandidae)

    Glassfish, any of about 24 small Indo-Pacific fishes of the family Chandidae (or Ambassidae, order Perciformes), most with more or less transparent bodies. Sometimes placed with the snooks and Nile perch in the family Centropomidae, glassfishes are found in freshwater and in the sea along coasts

  • Ambato (Ecuador)

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