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  • Applied Semantics (American company)

    Google: Advertising growth: …spent $102 million to acquire Applied Semantics, the makers of AdSense, a service that signed up owners of Web sites to run various types of ads on their Web pages. In 2006 Google again paid $102 million for another Web advertisement business, dMarc Broadcasting, and that same year it announced…

  • Applied Social Research, Bureau of (research project, Princeton, New Jersey, United States)

    Paul Felix Lazarsfeld: …served as director of the Office of Radio Research, a Rockefeller project at Princeton University (1937–40), and, when the project was transferred to Columbia University in 1940 (it was later renamed the Bureau of Applied Social Research), he continued as its director and was appointed to the sociology department of…

  • Applied Sociology (work by Ward)

    Lester Frank Ward: …with James Quayle Dealey), and Applied Sociology (1906), which concerns his ideas of “social telesis,” sociocracy, and social planning.

  • Appling, Luke (American baseball player)

    Chico Carrasquel: …took over for the popular Luke Appling, who had been the White Sox shortstop for 20 seasons. Although Chicagoans were at first reluctant to accept Appling’s replacement, Carrasquel’s grace and agility soon won them over, and he was the White Sox regular shortstop for the next six years. Carrasquel led…

  • appliqué (pottery)

    pottery: Impressing and stamping: …separately modeled decoration, known as applied ornament (or appliqué), such as knops (ornamental knobs) or the reliefs on Wedgwood jasperware, came somewhat later. The earliest known examples are found on Mediterranean pottery made at the beginning of the 1st millennium. Raised designs are also produced by pressing out the wall…

  • appliqué (clothing and linens)

    Appliqué, sewing technique in which fabric patches are layered on a foundation fabric, then stitched in place by hand or machine with the raw edges turned under or covered with decorative stitching. From the French appliquer, “to put on,” appliqué is sometimes used to embellish clothing or

  • appoggiatura (music)

    Appoggiatura, (from Italian appoggiare, “to lean”), in music, an ornamental note of long or short duration that temporarily displaces, and subsequently resolves into, a main note, usually by stepwise motion. During the Renaissance and early Baroque, the appoggiatura was of moderate length,

  • Appointment in Samarra (work by O’Hara)

    John O'Hara: His first novel, Appointment in Samarra (1934), explored the disintegration and death of an upper-class inhabitant of a small city; the book was highly acclaimed. In 1956 he received a National Book Award for Ten North Frederick (1955; film version, 1958). Although awarded few honours for his fiction,…

  • Appointment with Danger (film by Allen [1951])

    Lewis Allen: The two men reteamed for Appointment with Danger (1951), a film noir in which Ladd played a postal inspector who calls on a nun (Phyllis Calvert) to help him infiltrate a mob of airmail crooks.

  • Appomattox Court House (building, Appomattox, Virginia, United States)

    Appomattox Court House, in the American Civil War, site in Virginia of the surrender of the Confederate forces to those of the North on April 9, 1865. After an engagement with Federal cavalry, the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia was surrounded at Appomattox, seat of Appomattox county,

  • Appomattox Court House, Battle of (American Civil War [1865])

    Battle of Appomattox Court House, (April 9, 1865), one of the final battles of the American Civil War. After a weeklong flight westward from Richmond and Petersburg, Virginia, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee briefly engaged Union Gen. Ulysses S. Grant before surrendering to the Union at Appomattox

  • Apponyi, Albert, Gróf (Hungarian statesman)

    Albert, Count Apponyi, Hungarian statesman whose political philosophy blended the conservative traditions of his background with Hungarian nationalism. Born into an ancient and famous family, he was the son of Count György Apponyi, who was leader of the Progressive Conservatives and chancellor from

  • apport (occultism)

    Apport, in occultism, a material object that arrives suddenly and mysteriously through the powers of a medium. Often the arrival of an apport may require its passage through other material objects. Apports usually occur during a séance (q.v.) and may involve living or inanimate objects. The

  • apportionment (government)

    Legislative apportionment, process by which representation is distributed among the constituencies of a representative assembly. This use of the term apportionment is limited almost exclusively to the United States. In most other countries, particularly the United Kingdom and the countries of the

  • apposition eye (biology)

    photoreception: Apposition eyes: Apposition eyes were almost certainly the original type of compound eye and are the oldest fossil eyes known, identified from the trilobites of the Cambrian Period. Although compound eyes are most often associated with the arthropods, especially insects and

  • apprehension

    Perception, in humans, the process whereby sensory stimulation is translated into organized experience. That experience, or percept, is the joint product of the stimulation and of the process itself. Relations found between various types of stimulation (e.g., light waves and sound waves) and their

  • Apprenti sorcier, L’  (work by Dukas)

    Paul Dukas: …dazzling, ingenious L’Apprenti sorcier (1897; The Sorcerer’s Apprentice).

  • Apprentice, The (American television program)

    Mark Burnett: …found success in 2004 with The Apprentice. The program revolved around ambitious candidates competing for a full-time job with billionaire real-estate tycoon Donald Trump. It was popular with viewers—as was Trump’s “You’re fired” catchphrase—and in 2008 Burnett created The Celebrity Apprentice, which featured well-known entertainers and other public figures, such…

  • Apprentices, Statute of (England [1563])

    United Kingdom: The Tudor ideal of government: The Statute of Apprentices of 1563 embodied this concept, for it assumed the moral obligation of all men to work, the existence of divinely ordered social distinctions, and the need for the state to define and control all occupations in terms of their utility to society.…

  • apprenticeship

    Apprenticeship, training in an art, trade, or craft under a legal agreement that defines the duration and conditions of the relationship between master and apprentice. From the earliest times, in Egypt and Babylon, training in craft skills was organized to maintain an adequate number of craftsmen.

  • apprenticeship novel

    Apprenticeship novel, biographical novel that concentrates on an individual’s youth and his social and moral initiation into adulthood. The class derives from Goethe’s Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre (1795–96; Wilhelm Meister’s Apprenticeship). It became a traditional novel form in German literature,

  • Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz, The (film by Kotcheff)

    Richard Dreyfuss: …ambitious, self-destructive young entrepreneur in The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz (1974) remains one of his most-praised performances. For director Steven Spielberg, Dreyfuss starred in two of the most popular films of the decade: first as scruffy young marine biologist Matt Hooper in Jaws (1975), and then as a family man…

  • Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz, The (novel by Richler)

    Canadian literature: Fiction: and Paris, Mordecai Richler’s novels The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz (1959), St. Urbain’s Horseman (1971), Joshua Then and Now (1980), Solomon Gursky Was Here (1989), and Barney’s Version (1997) satirize the condition and hypocrisy of modern society through black humour.

  • Appressamento della morte (poem by Leopardi)

    Giacomo Leopardi: …bitterness in poems such as Appressamento della morte (written 1816, published 1835; “Approach of Death”), a visionary work in terza rima, imitative of Petrarch and Dante but written with considerable poetic skill and inspired by a genuine feeling of despair.

  • appressorium (fungal organ)

    fungus: Parasitism in plants and insects: …produce special pressing organs called appressoria, from which a microscopic, needlelike peg presses against and punctures the epidermis of the host; after penetration, a mycelium develops in the usual manner. Many parasitic fungi absorb food from the host cells through the hyphal walls appressed against the cell walls of the…

  • approach grafting (horticulture)

    mango: Inarching, or approach grafting (in which a scion and stock of independently rooted plants are grafted and the scion later severed from its original stock), is widely practiced in tropical Asia but is tedious and relatively expensive. In Florida, more efficient methods—veneer grafting and chip…

  • approach-approach conflict (psychology)

    conflict: …between two desired gratifications (approach-approach conflict), as when a youth has to choose between two attractive and practicable careers, may lead to some vacillation but rarely to great distress. A conflict between two dangers or threats (avoidance-avoidance conflict) is usually more disturbing. A man may dislike his job intensely…

  • approach-avoidance conflict (psychology)

    conflict: …of situation is termed an approach-avoidance conflict. Psychologically, a conflict exists when the reduction of one motivating stimulus involves an increase in another, so that a new adjustment is demanded.

  • appropriation (art)

    Jeff Koons: …was an early pioneer of appropriation, which called for reproducing banal commercial images and objects with only slight modifications in scale or material. By the 21st century he was best known for his fabricated objects from commercial sources—primarily inflatable pool toys and balloon animals—in highly polished and coloured stainless steel…

  • Appropriations Committee (United States government)

    government budget: The United States: …among the subcommittees of the Appropriations Committee. Each subcommittee is concerned with a particular organizational unit. There is virtually no consideration of the budget as a whole by the committee as a whole. Revenues fall under the jurisdiction of the Ways and Means Committee of the House and are considered…

  • approximant (phonetics)

    Approximant, in phonetics, a sound that is produced by bringing one articulator in the vocal tract close to another without, however, causing audible friction (see fricative). Approximants include semivowels, such as the y sound in “yes” or the w sound in

  • Approximately Infinite Universe (album by Ono)

    Yoko Ono: …efforts, including Fly (1971) and Approximately Infinite Universe (1973), were acclaimed by some as exemplars of rock’s cutting edge, although Ono’s abrasive style alienated many listeners. Ono and Lennon retreated to private life following the birth of their son, Sean, in 1975, but collaborated again on Double Fantasy (1980), which…

  • approximation (mathematics)

    analysis: Approximations in geometry: …to a high degree of approximation. The idea is to slice the circle like a pie, into a large number of equal pieces, and to reassemble the pieces to form an approximate rectangle (see figure). Then the area of the “rectangle” is closely approximated by its height, which equals the…

  • APRA (political party, Peru)

    APRA, political party founded by Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre (1924), which dominated Peruvian politics for decades. Largely synonymous with the so-called Aprista movement, it was dedicated to Latin American unity, the nationalization of foreign-owned enterprises, and an end to the exploitation of

  • Apra Harbor (Guam)

    Apra Harbor, port on the west coast of Guam, one of the Mariana Islands, northern Pacific Ocean. It is the best anchorage on the island and is located just west of Hagåtña (Agana). It is the port of entry and site of a U.S. naval base. The Apra Harbor complex includes a naval station, naval supply

  • apramāṇa (Buddhist philosophy)

    Brahmavihāra, (Sanskrit: “living in the Brahman-heaven”), in Buddhist philosophy, the four noble practices of mental development through which men can attain subsequent rebirth in the Brahman heaven. These four practices are: (1) perfect virtue of sympathy, which gives happiness to living beings

  • apraxia (pathology)

    Apraxia, the inability to carry out useful or skilled acts while motor power and mental capacity remain intact. Apraxia is usually caused by damage to specific areas of the cerebrum. Kinetic, or motor, apraxia affects the upper extremities so that the individual cannot carry out fine motor acts,

  • Aprelskiye Tezisy (Russian history)

    April Theses, in Russian history, program developed by Lenin during the Russian Revolution of 1917, calling for Soviet control of state power; the theses, published in April 1917, contributed to the July Days uprising and also to the Bolshevik coup d’etat in October 1917. During the February R

  • Après le Cubisme (work by Le Corbusier and Ozenfant)

    Le Corbusier: Education and early years: …published together the Purist manifesto, Après le cubisme. In 1920, with the poet Paul Dermée, they founded a polemic avant-garde review, L’Esprit Nouveau. Open to the arts and humanities, with brilliant collaborators, it presented ideas in architecture and city planning already expressed by Adolf Loos and Henri van de Velde,…

  • Après moi (play by Bernstein)

    Henry Bernstein: Isräel (1908; “Israel”) and Après moi (1911; “After Me”) denounced anti-Semitism in France; riots followed the premiere of Après moi and forced its closing.

  • Après-midi d’un faune, L’  (ballet by Nijinsky)

    dance: Music: …in L’Après-midi d’un faune (1912; “Afternoon of a Faun”), used Claude Debussy’s music purely for atmosphere, permitting it to set the mood rather than influence the organization of movements.

  • Après-midi d’un faune, L’  (poem by Mallarmé)

    Stéphane Mallarmé: …1865, respectively, Hérodiade (“Herodias”) and L’Après-midi d’un faune (“The Afternoon of a Faun”), the latter being the work that inspired Claude Debussy to compose his celebrated Prélude a quarter of a century later.

  • Aprey faience (pottery)

    Aprey faience, tin-glazed earthenware produced by the factory of Jacques Lallemant de Villehaut, Baron d’Aprey, established in 1744 on his estate at Aprey, near Dijon, Fr. The early pieces, which are heavy and rather crude, recall blue-and-white earthenware in the Rouen style or have Rococo forms

  • Aprica Pass (pass, Italy)

    Valtellina: … (7,621 feet [2,323 m]), the Aprica (3,858 feet [1,176 m]), and the Umbrail (9,944 feet [3,031 m]).

  • apricot (tree and fruit)

    Apricot, (Prunus armeniaca), stone fruit of the family Rosaceae (order Rosales), closely related to peaches, almonds, plums, and cherries. Apricots are cultivated throughout the temperate regions of the world, especially in the Mediterranean. They are eaten fresh or cooked and are preserved by

  • Apries (king of Egypt)

    Apries, fourth king (reigned 589–570 bce) of the 26th dynasty (664–525 bce; see ancient Egypt: The Late period [664–332 bce]) of ancient Egypt; he succeeded his father, Psamtik II. Apries failed to help his ally King Zedekiah of Judah against the invading armies of Nebuchadrezzar II of Babylon, but

  • April (month)

    April, fourth month of the Gregorian calendar. Its name probably derives from the Latin aperire (“to open”), a possible reference to plant buds opening at this time of year in

  • April Fools’ Day (social custom)

    April Fools’ Day, in most countries the first day of April. It received its name from the custom of playing practical jokes on this day—for example, telling friends that their shoelaces are untied or sending them on so-called fools’ errands. Although the day has been observed for centuries, its

  • April Fools, The (film by Rosenberg [1969])

    Stuart Rosenberg: Early work: Rosenberg had less success with The April Fools (1969), a flat romantic comedy that offered the unlikely pairing of Jack Lemmon and Catherine Deneuve as illicit lovers who intend to run away together; the notable supporting cast included Charles Boyer and Myrna Loy.

  • April in Paris (work by Duke)

    Vernon Duke: …his most popular songs are “April in Paris” from the revue Walk a Little Faster (1932) and “I Can’t Get Started” from Ziegfeld Follies of 1936.

  • April Laws (Hungary [1848])

    March Laws, measures enacted by the Hungarian Diet at Pozsony (modern Bratislava) during the Revolution of 1848 that created a modern national Magyar state. After revolutions had broken out in Paris (Feb. 24, 1848) and in Vienna (March 13), liberal Hungarians, who dominated the lower house of the D

  • April Theses (Russian history)

    April Theses, in Russian history, program developed by Lenin during the Russian Revolution of 1917, calling for Soviet control of state power; the theses, published in April 1917, contributed to the July Days uprising and also to the Bolshevik coup d’etat in October 1917. During the February R

  • April Uprising (Bulgarian history)

    Bulgaria: National revolution: The April Uprising broke out prematurely on April 20 (May 2, New Style) and was violently put down. The atrocities committed against the civilian population by irregular Turkish forces, including the massacre of 15,000 Bulgarians near Plovdiv, increased the Bulgarian desire for independence. They also outraged…

  • Aprilov, Vasil (Bulgarian educator)

    Bulgaria: Spread of education: In 1835 Vasil Aprilov founded a Lancasterian school, based on the monitorial system of instruction, in Gabrovo. With the monk Neofit Rilski (Neophyte of Rila) as its teacher, it was the first school to teach in Bulgarian. Its work was facilitated by the appearance of a Bulgarian…

  • apriorism

    Rationalism, in Western philosophy, the view that regards reason as the chief source and test of knowledge. Holding that reality itself has an inherently logical structure, the rationalist asserts that a class of truths exists that the intellect can grasp directly. There are, according to the

  • Aprista movement (political party, Peru)

    APRA, political party founded by Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre (1924), which dominated Peruvian politics for decades. Largely synonymous with the so-called Aprista movement, it was dedicated to Latin American unity, the nationalization of foreign-owned enterprises, and an end to the exploitation of

  • Aprista Party (political party, Peru)

    APRA, political party founded by Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre (1924), which dominated Peruvian politics for decades. Largely synonymous with the so-called Aprista movement, it was dedicated to Latin American unity, the nationalization of foreign-owned enterprises, and an end to the exploitation of

  • APRL hand (prosthetic device)

    prosthesis: After World War II the APRL hand (from U.S. Army Prosthetic Research Laboratory) was developed. This is a metal mechanical hand covered by a rubber glove of a colour similar to that of the patient’s remaining hand. Many attempts have been made to use electrical energy as the source of…

  • apron (airport)

    airport: Open apron and linear designs: …which aircraft park on the apron immediately adjacent to the terminal and passengers walk across the apron to board the aircraft by mobile steps. Frequently, the aircraft maneuver in and out of the parking positions under their own power. As airports grow, however, it is impossible to have large numbers…

  • apron conveyor (mechanical device)

    conveyor: Apron conveyors consist of endless chains with attached overlapping and interlocking plates to provide a continuous-carrying surface that forms a leakproof bed suitable for bulk materials without containers.

  • apron stage (theatre)

    theatre: The Restoration playhouse: …provided, in addition, a deep apron stage thrusting out from the proscenium, upon which most of the action took place. Thus, the actor played, as it were, in the auditorium and away from the scenic backing; the English, with their Shakespearean tradition, were loath to abandon the intimate contact between…

  • aprotic solvent (chemical compound)

    acid–base reaction: Nonaqueous solvents: …the reverse is true), and aprotic (in which both acidic and basic properties are almost entirely absent). Finally, concentrated aqueous acids are mentioned as an example—a particularly important one—of mixed solvents.

  • Aprutium (region, Italy)

    Abruzzi, regione, central Italy, fronting the Adriatic Sea and comprising the provincie of L’Aquila, Chieti, Pescara, and Teramo. Most of the region is mountainous or hilly, except for such intermontane basins as those of L’Aquila, Sulmona, and Fucino. The Apennines, the dominant physical feature,

  • APS (instrument)

    Glory: …two main science instruments: the Aerosol Polarimetry Sensor (APS) and the Total Irradiance Monitor (TIM). The APS would have used the polarization of light caused by the presence of aerosols such as soot and sulfates, which contribute to global warming, to measure their geographic distribution. The TIM would have used…

  • APS (chemical compound)

    organosulfur compound: Thiols: …process is the formation of adenosine phosphosulfate (APS), since direct reduction of sulfate itself is extremely difficult. The ―OSO2O1− group of APS is reduced to a sulfite ion (SO32−) or a protein-bound sulfite, which is then further reduced to hydrogen sulfide (H2S), a direct precursor of cysteine and other natural…

  • APS

    printing: Third generation of phototypesetters: electronic: Phototypesetters of this kind (called alphanumerical) have theoretical performance rates exceeding 3,000 characters per second, or more than 10,000,000 per hour, and should be able to approach 30,000,000. Speeds such as these exceed the production rate even of magnetic tape. Consequently, to work at its most efficient output, such a…

  • APS (particle accelerator)

    Argonne National Laboratory: Four of these facilities—the Advanced Photon Source (APS), the Intense Pulsed Neutron Source (IPNS), the Argonne Tandem Linear Accelerator System (ATLAS), and the High-Voltage Electron Microscope- (HVEM-) Tandem Facility—have been designated official U.S. Department of Energy National User Facilities.

  • APSA (American organization)

    Carole Pateman: …she was president of the American Political Science Association. She was a fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences in Australia (1980), the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1996), and the British Academy (2007). Her scholarship was recognized with many prestigious honours and awards, including the Johan Skytte Prize…

  • apsara (Indian religion and mythology)

    Apsara, in Indian religion and mythology, one of the celestial singers and dancers who, together with the gandharvas, or celestial musicians, inhabit the heaven of the god Indra, the lord of the heavens. Originally water nymphs, the apsaras provide sensual pleasure for both gods and men. They have

  • apse (astronomy)

    Apse, in astronomy, either of the two points on an elliptical orbit that are nearest to, and farthest from, the focus, or centre of attraction. The line of apsides, connecting the two points, is the major axis of the orbit. The point nearest the focus is the pericentre, or periapsis, and that

  • apse (church architecture)

    Apse, in architecture, a semicircular or polygonal termination to the choir, chancel, or aisle of a secular or ecclesiastical building. First used in pre-Christian Roman architecture, the apse often functioned as an enlarged niche to hold the statue of a deity in a temple. It was also used in the

  • Apse of Notre Dame, The  (etching by Méryon)

    Charles Méryon: The Apse of Notre Dame (1853–54), considered to be Méryon’s masterpiece, characterizes his great sensitivity to the effects of light and atmosphere.

  • Apsheron Bank (geological formation, Caspian Sea)

    Caspian Sea: Submarine features: The Abşeron Bank, a belt of shoals and islands rising from submerged elevations of older rocks, marks the transition to the southern Caspian, a depression covering about 57,570 square miles (149,106 square km). That depression is fringed by a shelf that is narrow to the west…

  • Apsheron Peninsula (peninsula, Azerbaijan)

    Abşeron Peninsula, peninsula in Azerbaijan that extends 37 miles (60 km) eastward into the Caspian Sea and reaches a maximum width of 19 miles (30 km). An eastern extension of the Caucasus Mountains, the Abşeron Peninsula consists of a gently undulating plain, in part dissected by ravines and

  • apsides (astronomy)

    Apse, in astronomy, either of the two points on an elliptical orbit that are nearest to, and farthest from, the focus, or centre of attraction. The line of apsides, connecting the two points, is the major axis of the orbit. The point nearest the focus is the pericentre, or periapsis, and that

  • apsides, line of (astronomy)

    apse: The line of apsides, connecting the two points, is the major axis of the orbit. The point nearest the focus is the pericentre, or periapsis, and that farthest from it is the apocentre, or apoapsis. Specific terms can be used for individual bodies: if the Sun…

  • apsis (astronomy)

    Apse, in astronomy, either of the two points on an elliptical orbit that are nearest to, and farthest from, the focus, or centre of attraction. The line of apsides, connecting the two points, is the major axis of the orbit. The point nearest the focus is the pericentre, or periapsis, and that

  • Apsu (Mesopotamian mythology)

    Lahmu and Lahamu: …created by the merging of Apsu (the watery deep beneath the earth) and Tiamat (the personification of the salt waters); this is described in the Babylonian mythological text Enuma elish (c. 12th century bc).

  • Apsu, Lord of (Mesopotamian deity)

    Ea, Mesopotamian god of water and a member of the triad of deities completed by Anu (Sumerian: An) and Enlil. From a local deity worshiped in the city of Eridu, Ea evolved into a major god, Lord of Apsu (also spelled Abzu), the fresh waters beneath the earth (although Enki means literally “lord of

  • Apswa (people)

    Abkhaz, any member of a Caucasian people living chiefly in the Abkhazia republic in northwesternmost Georgia. The Bzyb Abkhaz, who have a distinct dialect, are found around the Bzyb River; the Abzhui Abkhaz, on whose dialect the literary language is based, live near the Kodori River; and the Z

  • APT (computer language)

    automation: Development of robotics: …to the development of the APT (Automatically Programmed Tools) language for programming machine tools.

  • APT (information technology)

    Advanced persistent threat (APT), attacks on a country’s information assets of national security or strategic economic importance through either cyberespionage or cybersabotage. These attacks use technology that minimizes their visibility to computer network and individual computer intrusion

  • APT (chemical compound)

    tungsten processing: Ammonium paratungstate: Tungsten ores frequently occur in association with sulfides and arsenides, which can be removed by roasting in air for two to four hours at 800° C (1,450° F). In order to produce ammonium paratungstate (APT), an intermediate compound in production of the pure…

  • APT (international organization)

    East Asian Economic Group: …took the form of the ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) Plus Three (APT) framework. Though the APT framework preceded the Asian financial crisis (it emerged from the Asia-Europe meetings), most consider the APT framework “the EAEG by another name.”

  • Apte, Hari Narayan (Indian novelist)

    South Asian arts: Marathi: …Sthiti (1885; “Middle State”), of Hari Narayan Apte, began the novel tradition in Marathi; the work’s message was one of social reform. A high place is held by V.M. Joshi, who explored the education and evolution of a woman (Suśīlā-cha Diva, 1930) and the relation between art and morals (Indu…

  • Apted, Michael (British director)

    David Cronenberg: Other work: …To Die For (1995) and Michael Apted’s Extreme Measures (1996), and he played a reverend in the TV miniseries Alias Grace (2017). Cronenberg also penned the novel Consumed (2014), about a salacious pair of journalists investigating a philosopher who may have eaten his wife.

  • Aptenodytes (bird genus)

    penguin: Classification: Genus Aptenodytes 2 species: emperor and king. Genus Eudyptula (blue penguin) 1 species, also called little, or fairy, penguin. Genus Megadyptes

  • Aptenodytes forsteri (bird)

    Emperor penguin, (Aptenodytes forsteri), largest member of the penguin order (Sphenisciformes), which is known for its stately demeanor and black-and-white coloration. The species gathers together into approximately 40 colonies that settle on ice shelves and landfast ice along the coastline of

  • Aptenodytes patagonica (bird)

    King penguin, (Aptenodytes patagonicus), second largest member of the penguin order (Sphenisciformes), characterized by its dignified, upright posture, long bill, and vivid coloration. Although many ornithologists divide the species into two subspecies, Aptenodytes patagonicus patagonicus and A.

  • Aptenodytes patagonicus (bird)

    King penguin, (Aptenodytes patagonicus), second largest member of the penguin order (Sphenisciformes), characterized by its dignified, upright posture, long bill, and vivid coloration. Although many ornithologists divide the species into two subspecies, Aptenodytes patagonicus patagonicus and A.

  • apterium (avian physiology)

    feather: …areas of bare skin (apteria) between. The latter may contain the small soft feathers called down.

  • Apterygota (arthropod)

    Apterygote, broadly, any of the primitive wingless insects, distinct from the pterygotes, or winged insects. Used in this sense, the term apterygote commonly includes the primitive insects of the following groups: proturans, collembolans (springtails), diplurans, and species in the orders

  • apterygote (arthropod)

    Apterygote, broadly, any of the primitive wingless insects, distinct from the pterygotes, or winged insects. Used in this sense, the term apterygote commonly includes the primitive insects of the following groups: proturans, collembolans (springtails), diplurans, and species in the orders

  • Apteryx (bird)

    Kiwi, any of five species of flightless birds belonging to the genus Apteryx and found in New Zealand. The name is a Maori word referring to the shrill call of the male. Kiwis are grayish brown birds the size of a chicken. They are related to the extinct moas. Kiwis are unusual in many respects:

  • Apteryx australis (bird)

    kiwi: …of kiwis are recognized: the tokoeka kiwi (A. australis), which includes the Haast tokoeka, Stewart Island tokoeka, Southern Fiordland tokoeka, and the Northern Fiordland tokoeka; the little spotted kiwi (A. oweni); the great spotted kiwi (A. haasti); the Okarito brown kiwi (A. rowi), also called the Rowi kiwi; and the…

  • Apteryx haasti (bird)

    kiwi: oweni); the great spotted kiwi (A. haasti); the Okarito brown kiwi (A. rowi), also called the Rowi kiwi; and the brown kiwi (A. mantelli), also called the North Island brown kiwi.

  • Apteryx mantelli (bird)

    kiwi: mantelli), also called the North Island brown kiwi.

  • Apteryx oweni (bird)

    kiwi: …the Northern Fiordland tokoeka; the little spotted kiwi (A. oweni); the great spotted kiwi (A. haasti); the Okarito brown kiwi (A. rowi), also called the Rowi kiwi; and the brown kiwi (A. mantelli), also called the North Island brown kiwi.

  • Apteryx rowi (bird)

    kiwi: rowi), also called the Rowi kiwi; and the brown kiwi (A. mantelli), also called the North Island brown kiwi.

  • Aptheker, Herbert (American historian)

    Herbert Aptheker, American historian who wrote and lectured extensively on black history and on his Marxist political views. Aptheker graduated with a doctorate in history from Columbia University in 1943. Because of his membership in the Communist Party of the United States, which he joined in

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