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  • Anderson, Marian (American singer)

    Marian Anderson, American singer, one of the finest contraltos of her time. Anderson displayed vocal talent as a child, but her family could not afford to pay for formal training. From the age of six, she was tutored in the choir of the Union Baptist Church, where she sang parts written for bass,

  • Anderson, Mary (American actress [1859-1940])

    Mary Anderson, American actress whose popularity rested in great part on her exceptional beauty and highly successful publicity. Anderson early decided upon a career on the stage, and at age 16 she made her debut as Juliet in Louisville, Kentucky. She subsequently toured cities of the South and

  • Anderson, Max Leroy (American balloonist)

    Maxie Anderson, balloonist who, with Ben Abruzzo and Larry Newman, made the first transatlantic balloon flight and, with his son Kristian, made the first nonstop trans-North American balloon flight. Anderson entered the Missouri Military Academy, Mexico, Mo., at the age of eight and throughout his

  • Anderson, Maxie (American balloonist)

    Maxie Anderson, balloonist who, with Ben Abruzzo and Larry Newman, made the first transatlantic balloon flight and, with his son Kristian, made the first nonstop trans-North American balloon flight. Anderson entered the Missouri Military Academy, Mexico, Mo., at the age of eight and throughout his

  • Anderson, Maxwell (American playwright)

    Maxwell Anderson, prolific playwright noted for his efforts to make verse tragedy a popular form. Anderson was educated at the University of North Dakota and Stanford University. He collaborated with Laurence Stallings in the World War I comedy What Price Glory? (1924), his first hit, a

  • Anderson, Michael (American director)

    The Dam Busters: Production notes and credits:

  • Anderson, Michael P. (American astronaut)

    Michael P. Anderson, American astronaut (born Dec. 25, 1959, Plattsburgh, N.Y.—died Feb. 1, 2003, over Texas), was the payload commander and a mission specialist on the space shuttle Columbia. Anderson was educated at the University of Washington and at Creighton University, Omaha, Neb., where he e

  • Anderson, Murphy (American artist)

    Zatara and Zatanna: Writer Gardner Fox and artist Murphy Anderson introduced Zatara’s daughter, Zatanna, in Hawkman no. 4 (November 1964) with the premise that Zatara had mysteriously disappeared and that Zatanna had embarked on a quest to find him. Like her father, Zatanna was a stage magician who had real magic powers, which…

  • Anderson, Orville (American military officer)

    balloon flight: Balloons reach the stratosphere: Stevens and Capt. Orville Anderson, both of the U.S. Army Air Corps, going to 22,065 metres (72,395 feet) on November 11, 1935. The flight was sponsored by the National Geographic Society and the U.S. Army Air Corps. Stevens and Anderson used a 100,000-cubic-metre (3,700,000-cubic-foot) rubberized-cotton balloon carrying…

  • Anderson, P. T. (American screenwriter and director)

    Paul Thomas Anderson, American screenwriter and director whose character-driven films, set mostly in the American West, were recognized for their ambitious and engaging storytelling. Anderson briefly attended film school at New York University but dropped out to pursue a screenwriting and directing

  • Anderson, Patrick (Canadian poet)

    Patrick Anderson, English-born Canadian poet whose writings, characterized by a rapid juxtaposition of contrasting images, reflect the influence of Dylan Thomas, W.H. Auden, and T.S. Eliot and register his response to Canadian landscapes and history. Educated at the University of Oxford and

  • Anderson, Patrick John MacAllister (Canadian poet)

    Patrick Anderson, English-born Canadian poet whose writings, characterized by a rapid juxtaposition of contrasting images, reflect the influence of Dylan Thomas, W.H. Auden, and T.S. Eliot and register his response to Canadian landscapes and history. Educated at the University of Oxford and

  • Anderson, Paul Thomas (American screenwriter and director)

    Paul Thomas Anderson, American screenwriter and director whose character-driven films, set mostly in the American West, were recognized for their ambitious and engaging storytelling. Anderson briefly attended film school at New York University but dropped out to pursue a screenwriting and directing

  • Anderson, Philip W. (American physicist)

    Philip W. Anderson, American physicist and corecipient, with John H. Van Vleck and Nevill F. Mott, of the 1977 Nobel Prize for Physics for his research on semiconductors, superconductivity, and magnetism. Educated at Harvard University, Anderson received his doctorate in 1949. From 1949 to 1984 he

  • Anderson, Philip Warren (American physicist)

    Philip W. Anderson, American physicist and corecipient, with John H. Van Vleck and Nevill F. Mott, of the 1977 Nobel Prize for Physics for his research on semiconductors, superconductivity, and magnetism. Educated at Harvard University, Anderson received his doctorate in 1949. From 1949 to 1984 he

  • Anderson, Poul (American writer)

    Poul Anderson, prolific American writer of science fiction and fantasy, often praised for his scrupulous attention to scientific detail. Anderson published his first science-fiction story while an undergraduate at the University of Minnesota and became a freelance writer following his graduation

  • Anderson, Poul William (American writer)

    Poul Anderson, prolific American writer of science fiction and fantasy, often praised for his scrupulous attention to scientific detail. Anderson published his first science-fiction story while an undergraduate at the University of Minnesota and became a freelance writer following his graduation

  • Anderson, Regina M. (American librarian and playwright)

    Regina M. Anderson, American librarian, playwright, and patron of the arts whose New York City home was a salon for Harlem Renaissance writers and artists. Anderson attended several colleges, including Wilberforce University in Ohio and the University of Chicago. She received a Master of Library

  • Anderson, Reid (Canadian ballet dancer and artistic director)

    Stuttgart Ballet: …when she was succeeded by Reid Anderson.

  • Anderson, Richard Heron (American general)

    Richard Heron Anderson, Confederate general in the American Civil War. Anderson graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in 1842 and won the brevet of first lieutenant in the Mexican War, becoming first lieutenant in 1848 and captain in 1855; he took part in the following year in the

  • Anderson, Robert (American mountaineer)

    Mount Everest: The end of an era: Led by American Robert Anderson, it included just four climbers who had no Sherpa support and used no supplemental oxygen. British climber Stephen Venables was the only member of this expedition to reach the summit, on May 12, 1988. After a harrowing descent, during which Venables was forced…

  • Anderson, Robert (American army officer)

    American Civil War: Prelude to war: Robert Anderson surrendered his command of about 85 soldiers to some 5,500 besieging Confederate troops under P.G.T. Beauregard. Within weeks, four more Southern states (Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina) left the Union to join the Confederacy.

  • Anderson, Robert Orville (American oil tycoon)

    Robert Orville Anderson, American oil tycoon (born April 13, 1917, Chicago, Ill.—died Dec. 2, 2007, Roswell, N.M.), was a savvy wildcatter who parlayed a small oil refinery that he purchased (1941) in Artesia, N.M., into the Atlantic Richfield Oil Co. (ARCO), which by 1986 had become the sixth

  • Anderson, Robert Woodruff (American playwright, screenwriter, and novelist)

    Robert Woodruff Anderson, American playwright, screenwriter, and novelist (born April 28, 1917, New York, N.Y.—died Feb. 9, 2009, New York City), enjoyed major success on Broadway with his 1953 play Tea and Sympathy, which ran for some two years after its debut and was made into a high-profile 1956

  • Anderson, Roberta Joan (Canadian singer-songwriter)

    Joni Mitchell, Canadian experimental singer-songwriter whose greatest popularity was in the 1970s. Once described as the “Yang to Bob Dylan’s Yin, equaling him in richness and profusion of imagery,” Mitchell, like her 1960s contemporary, turned pop music into an art form. Mitchell studied

  • Anderson, Sherwood (American author)

    Sherwood Anderson, author who strongly influenced American writing between World Wars I and II, particularly the technique of the short story. His writing had an impact on such notable writers as Ernest Hemingway and William Faulkner, both of whom owe the first publication of their books to his

  • Anderson, Signe (American singer)

    the Jefferson Airplane: ), Signe Anderson (b. September 15, 1941, Seattle, Washington, U.S.—d. January 28, 2016, Beaverton, Oregon), Skip Spence (b. April 18, 1946, Ontario, Canada—d. April 16, 1999, Santa Cruz, California), Jack Casady (b. April 13, 1944, Washington, D.C.), and Bob Harvey. Later members included Grace Slick (original…

  • Anderson, Sir John (British officer)

    20th-century international relations: Allied economic management: …single Lord President’s Committee under Sir John Anderson. Within 18 months Anderson organized the most centralized and complete war mobilization of any nation. It included controls on trade, foreign exchange, wages and prices, and raw materials. The National Service Act of December 1941 outdid even the U.S.S.R. by making every…

  • Anderson, Sparky (American baseball manager)

    Sparky Anderson, American professional baseball manager who had a career record of 2,194 wins and 1,834 losses and led his teams to three World Series titles (1975, 1976, and 1984). Anderson spent six years playing in baseball’s minor leagues before being called up to the majors to play second base

  • Anderson, Sylvia (British television writer and producer)

    Sylvia Anderson, (Sylvia Beatrice Thomas), British television writer and producer (born March 27, 1927, London, Eng.—died March 16, 2016, Bray, Berkshire, Eng.), was best known as the cocreator (with her third husband, Gerry Anderson), writer, and producer of the phenomenally popular children’s

  • Anderson, Tom (American entrepreneur)

    Myspace: Tom Anderson and Chris DeWolfe, employees of the Internet marketing company eUniverse (later Intermix Media), created Myspace in 2003. It quickly distinguished itself from established social networking sites by allowing—and in fact encouraging—musical artists to use the site to promote themselves, earning Myspace a hip…

  • Anderson, Viv (British football player)

    Viv Anderson, professional football (soccer) player and the first person of African descent (his parents were from the West Indies) to play for England’s national football team (1978). Anderson, 1.85 metres (6 feet 1 inch) tall, was known as “Spider” for his long legs and his ability as a defender

  • Anderson, Vivian (British football player)

    Viv Anderson, professional football (soccer) player and the first person of African descent (his parents were from the West Indies) to play for England’s national football team (1978). Anderson, 1.85 metres (6 feet 1 inch) tall, was known as “Spider” for his long legs and his ability as a defender

  • Anderson, Wes (American director and screenwriter)

    Wes Anderson, American director and screenwriter known for the distinctive visual aesthetic of his quirky comedies and for his collaboration with screenwriter and actor Owen Wilson. Anderson and Wilson met while both were students at the University of Texas at Austin, and their working relationship

  • Anderson, Wesley Wales (American director and screenwriter)

    Wes Anderson, American director and screenwriter known for the distinctive visual aesthetic of his quirky comedies and for his collaboration with screenwriter and actor Owen Wilson. Anderson and Wilson met while both were students at the University of Texas at Austin, and their working relationship

  • Anderson, William (surgeon and naturalist)
  • Anderson, William R. (American military officer)

    William Robert Anderson, commander (ret.), U.S. Navy, and American politician (born June 17, 1921, Bakerville, Tenn.—died Feb. 25, 2007 , Leesburg, Va.), piloted the world’s first nuclear-powered submarine, the Nautilus, beneath the North Pole on Aug. 3, 1958. The historic voyage under the polar

  • Andersontown (Indiana, United States)

    Anderson, city, seat (1828) of Madison county, east-central Indiana, U.S. It lies along the White River, in a corn- (maize-) and wheat-producing region, 39 miles (63 km) northeast of Indianapolis. Founded in 1823 on the site of a Delaware Indian village, it was named Andersontown for a subchief,

  • Andersonville (Georgia, United States)

    Andersonville, village in Sumter county, southwest-central Georgia, U.S., that was the site of a Confederate military prison from February 1864 until May 1865 during the American Civil War. Andersonville—formally, Camp Sumter—was the South’s largest prison for captured Union soldiers and was

  • Andersonville National Cemetery (cemetery, Andersonville, Georgia, United States)

    Andersonville National Historic Site: …and its environs and includes Andersonville National Cemetery, containing some 18,000 graves, including those of prisoners who died at the camp. The cemetery continues to be used as a burial site for U.S. military veterans. The U.S. National Park Service has conducted archaeological excavations at the site, and a portion…

  • Andersonville National Historic Site (historic site, Andersonville, Georgia, United States)

    Andersonville National Historic Site, Confederate military prison for captured Union soldiers during the American Civil War, located in Andersonville, southwest-central Georgia, U.S. It was established as a national historic site in 1970 to honour all U.S. prisoners of war. The site preserves the

  • Anderssen, Adolf (German chess player)

    Adolf Anderssen, chess master considered the world’s strongest player from his victory in the first modern international tournament (London, 1851) until his defeat (1858) by the American Paul Morphy in match play and, again, after Morphy’s retirement (c. 1861) until his defeat by the Austrian

  • Anderssen, Karl Ernst Adolf (German chess player)

    Adolf Anderssen, chess master considered the world’s strongest player from his victory in the first modern international tournament (London, 1851) until his defeat (1858) by the American Paul Morphy in match play and, again, after Morphy’s retirement (c. 1861) until his defeat by the Austrian

  • Andersson, Arne (Swedish athlete)

    Arne Andersson, Swedish athlete (born Oct. 27, 1917, Trollhätten, Swed.—died April 1, 2009, Vänersborg, Swed.), set world records in both the 1,500-m and mile distances, especially in races against his rival and countryman Gunder Hägg; between 1941 and 1945, in the run-up to the famed one-mile time

  • Andersson, Benny (Swedish musician and songwriter)

    ABBA: …included songwriter and keyboard player Benny Andersson (b. December 16, 1946, Stockholm, Sweden), songwriter and guitarist Björn Ulvaeus (b. April 25, 1945, Gothenburg, Sweden), and vocalists Agnetha Fältskog (b. April 5, 1950, Jönköping, Sweden) and Anni-Frid Lyngstad (b. November 15, 1945, Narvik, Norway).

  • Andersson, Bibi (Swedish actress)

    Bibi Andersson, Swedish actress noted primarily for her appearance in films by Ingmar Bergman. Andersson studied acting at Stockholm’s highly regarded Royal Dramatic Theatre, the school that had earlier produced Greta Garbo. She had made a few small film appearances and was acting on stage when

  • Andersson, Birgitta (Swedish actress)

    Bibi Andersson, Swedish actress noted primarily for her appearance in films by Ingmar Bergman. Andersson studied acting at Stockholm’s highly regarded Royal Dramatic Theatre, the school that had earlier produced Greta Garbo. She had made a few small film appearances and was acting on stage when

  • Andersson, Dan (Swedish author)

    Dan Andersson, poet and prose writer, an early practitioner of working-class literature who became one of the few popular Swedish poets. Born to a poor family headed by a devoutly religious father, Andersson was a woodsman and charcoal burner before he became a temperance lecturer. His first two

  • Andersson, Daniel (Swedish author)

    Dan Andersson, poet and prose writer, an early practitioner of working-class literature who became one of the few popular Swedish poets. Born to a poor family headed by a devoutly religious father, Andersson was a woodsman and charcoal burner before he became a temperance lecturer. His first two

  • Andersson, Harriet (Swedish actress)
  • Andersson, Johan Gunnar (Swedish archaeologist and geologist)

    Johan Gunnar Andersson, Swedish geologist and archaeologist whose work laid the foundation for the study of prehistoric China. In 1921, at a cave near Chou-k’ou-tien in the vicinity of Peking, on the basis of bits of quartz that he found in a limestone region, he predicted that a fossil man would

  • Andersson, Ove (Swedish rally race car driver and manager)

    Ove Andersson, Swedish rally race car driver and manager (born Jan. 3, 1938, Dannemora, Swed.—died June 11, 2008, George, S.Af.), transformed Toyota’s rally car team into a world-championship racing organization. During Andersson’s stint (1972–99) as team manager, Toyota garnered four world rally

  • Andersson, Wilhelm Carl Emil (Swedish sculptor)

    Carl Milles, Swedish sculptor known for his expressive and rhythmical large-scale fountains. Milles studied and worked in Paris from 1897 to 1904. He won public recognition in 1902 through the competition for a monument honouring the Swedish regent Sten Sture at Uppsala (completed 1925). In his

  • Anderton (England, United Kingdom)

    canals and inland waterways: Boat lifts: …were constructed in 1875 at Anderton, Eng., with a 50-foot lift for 60-ton vessels; in 1888 lifts were constructed at Les Fontinettes, Fr., for 300-ton vessels and at La Louvière, Belg., for 400-ton vessels. Similar hydraulic lift locks were constructed at Kirkfield and Peterborough in Ontario, Can.; the latter, completed…

  • Andes Mountains (mountain system, South America)

    Andes Mountains, mountain system of South America and one of the great natural features of the Earth. The Andes consist of a vast series of extremely high plateaus surmounted by even higher peaks that form an unbroken rampart over a distance of some 5,500 miles (8,900 kilometres)—from the southern

  • Andes virus (infectious agent)

    hantavirus: …and Argentina, caused by the Andes virus (carried by Oligoryzomys longicaudatus, a species of pygmy rice rat); and Central America, caused by the Choclo virus (carried by Oligoryzomys fulvescens, another pygmy rice rat).

  • Andes, Army of the (South American history)

    Army of the Andes, military force of 3,500 soldiers organized by the South American independence leader José de San Martín. In 1817 San Martín led the soldiers from Argentina across the Andes Mountains to liberate Chile from Spanish colonial rule. San Martín’s challenge was to coordinate the

  • Andes, Cordillera de los Andes (mountain system, South America)

    Andes Mountains, mountain system of South America and one of the great natural features of the Earth. The Andes consist of a vast series of extremely high plateaus surmounted by even higher peaks that form an unbroken rampart over a distance of some 5,500 miles (8,900 kilometres)—from the southern

  • Andes, Los (mountain system, South America)

    Andes Mountains, mountain system of South America and one of the great natural features of the Earth. The Andes consist of a vast series of extremely high plateaus surmounted by even higher peaks that form an unbroken rampart over a distance of some 5,500 miles (8,900 kilometres)—from the southern

  • Andes, The (mountain system, South America)

    Andes Mountains, mountain system of South America and one of the great natural features of the Earth. The Andes consist of a vast series of extremely high plateaus surmounted by even higher peaks that form an unbroken rampart over a distance of some 5,500 miles (8,900 kilometres)—from the southern

  • andesine (mineral)

    plagioclase: Andesine, less common, occurs in many granular and volcanic rocks with intermediate silica content, as in Marmato, Colombia, and Bodenmais, Bavaria, Germany. The rarest plagioclase is bytownite, which occurs in basic igneous rocks and in stony meteorites.

  • andesite (rock)

    Andesite, any member of a large family of rocks that occur in most of the world’s volcanic areas. Andesites occur mainly as surface deposits and, to a lesser extent, as dikes and small plugs. Many of the deposits are not normal lava flows but rather flow breccias, mudflows, tuffs, and other

  • Andesite Line (geological feature, Pacific Ocean)

    Pacific Ocean: Islands: …of the Pacific is the Andesite Line, a region of intense volcanic and seismic activity. In the northern and western Pacific the Andesite Line follows close to seaward the trend of the island arcs from the Aleutians southward to the Yap and Palau arcs, thence eastward through the Bismarck, Solomon,…

  • andesitic magma (geology)

    igneous rock: Origin of magmas: andesitic magmas are generated at convergent plate boundaries where the oceanic lithosphere (the outer layer of Earth composed of the crust and upper mantle) is subducted so that its edge is positioned below the edge of the continental plate or another oceanic plate. Heat will…

  • Andfjorden (fjord, Norway)

    And Fjord, fjord, in the Norwegian Sea, indenting northwestern Norway, located between the islands of And (west) and Senja (east). The fjord, which is divided between Nordland and Troms fylker (counties), penetrates into the offshore island of Hinn in the south, where it is called Gulles Fjord. Its

  • Andhaa Kanoon (film by Rao [1983])

    Rajnikanth: …1983, with a role in Andhaa Kanoon, a film that paired him with Bollywood megastar Amitabh Bachchan. He acted with Bachchan in two other Hindi films, including Mukul Anand’s Hum (1991).

  • Andhra (state, India)

    Telangana, constituent state of south-central India. It is bordered by the states of Maharashtra to the north, Chhattisgarh and Odisha to the northeast, Andhra Pradesh to the southeast and south, and Karnataka to the west. The area of what is now Telangana constituted the north-central and

  • Andhra (people)

    India: The Andhras and their successors: The Andhras are listed among the tribal peoples in the Mauryan empire. Possibly they rose to being local officials and then, on the disintegration of the empire, gradually became independent rulers of the northwestern Deccan. It cannot be ascertained for certain…

  • Andhra Pradesh (state, India)

    Andhra Pradesh, state of India, located in the southeastern part of the subcontinent. It is bounded by the Indian states of Tamil Nadu to the south, Karnataka to the southwest and west, Telangana to the northwest and north, and Odisha to the northeast. The eastern boundary is a 600-mile (970-km)

  • Andhra University (university, Waltair, India)

    Visakhapatnam: …bay, is the site of Andhra University (founded 1926). The area surrounding the suburbs is dominated on the west by the well-forested Eastern Ghats and farther east is drained by numerous rivers, among them the Godavari and the Indravati. The Visakhapatnam Special Economic Zone is a more than 500-acre (200-hectare)…

  • Andhradesha (art school, India)

    South Asian arts: Indian sculpture in the 2nd and 1st centuries bce: relief sculpture of Andhradesha: Besides the schools of northern India, a very accomplished style also existed in southeast India; the most important sites are Jaggayyapeta and Amaravati, activity at the latter site extending well into the 2nd century ce. The early remains are strikingly similar to those at…

  • Andi languages (Caucasian language subgroup)

    Caucasian languages: The Avar-Andi-Dido languages: …are the Avar language; the Andi subgroup of languages, including Andi, Botlikh, Godoberi, Chamalal, Bagvalal, Tindi, Karata, and Akhvakh; and the Dido subgroup, including Dido (Tsez), Khvarshi, Hinukh, Bezhta, and Hunzib.

  • Andigena (bird genus)

    toucan: …but the mountain toucans (Andigena) move seasonally up and down the Andes Mountains in search of fruit. Like manakins of the forest understory, toucans contribute to the maintenance of tropical forest diversity because they consume and disperse seeds of many plant species.

  • Andijan (Uzbekistan)

    Andijon, city, extreme eastern Uzbekistan. Andijon lies in the southeastern part of the Fergana Valley. The city, which stands on ancient deposits of the Andijon River, dates back at least to the 9th century. In the 15th century it became the capital of the Fergana Valley and, being on the Silk

  • Andijon (Uzbekistan)

    Andijon, city, extreme eastern Uzbekistan. Andijon lies in the southeastern part of the Fergana Valley. The city, which stands on ancient deposits of the Andijon River, dates back at least to the 9th century. In the 15th century it became the capital of the Fergana Valley and, being on the Silk

  • Andiparos (island, Greece)

    Páros: …is the once-attached island of Andíparos (Antiparos), the ancient Oliarus, whose limestone cavern is a tourist attraction. Pop. (2001) town, 4,463; municipality, 12,514; (2011) town, 4,326; municipality 13,715.

  • andiron (fireplace furnishing)

    Andiron, one of a pair of horizontal iron bars upon which wood is supported in an open fireplace. The oldest of fireplace furnishings, andirons were used widely from the Late Iron Age. The andiron stands on short legs and usually has a vertical guard bar at the front to prevent logs from rolling

  • Andisol (soil type)

    Andisol, one of the 12 soil orders in the U.S. Soil Taxonomy. Andisols are defined by the single property of having volcanic-ash parent material. Although these soils exist in all climatic regions, they account for less than 0.75 percent of all the nonpolar continental land area on Earth.

  • Andižan (Uzbekistan)

    Andijon, city, extreme eastern Uzbekistan. Andijon lies in the southeastern part of the Fergana Valley. The city, which stands on ancient deposits of the Andijon River, dates back at least to the 9th century. In the 15th century it became the capital of the Fergana Valley and, being on the Silk

  • Andizhan (Uzbekistan)

    Andijon, city, extreme eastern Uzbekistan. Andijon lies in the southeastern part of the Fergana Valley. The city, which stands on ancient deposits of the Andijon River, dates back at least to the 9th century. In the 15th century it became the capital of the Fergana Valley and, being on the Silk

  • Andkhui (Afghanistan)

    India: The Turkish conquest: …suffered a severe defeat at Andkhvoy (Andkhui) at the hands of the Khwārezm-Shah dynasty. News of the defeat precipitated a rebellion by some of the sultan’s followers in the Punjab, and, although the rebellion was put down, Muḥammad of Ghūr was assassinated at Lahore in 1206. The Ghūrids at the…

  • Andkhvoy (Afghanistan)

    India: The Turkish conquest: …suffered a severe defeat at Andkhvoy (Andkhui) at the hands of the Khwārezm-Shah dynasty. News of the defeat precipitated a rebellion by some of the sultan’s followers in the Punjab, and, although the rebellion was put down, Muḥammad of Ghūr was assassinated at Lahore in 1206. The Ghūrids at the…

  • Andō family (Japanese family)

    Japan: Decline of Kamakura society: When the Andō family raised a revolt in Mutsu province at the end of the Kamakura period, the bakufu found it difficult to suppress, partly because of the remoteness of the site of the uprising.

  • Andō Hiroshige (Japanese artist)

    Hiroshige, Japanese artist, one of the last great ukiyo-e (“pictures of the floating world”) masters of the colour woodblock print. His genius for landscape compositions was first recognized in the West by the Impressionists and Post-Impressionists. His print series Fifty-three Stations of the

  • Andō Katsusaburō (Japanese painter)

    Shiba Kōkan, Japanese artist and scholar of the Tokugawa period who introduced many aspects of Western culture to Japan. He was a pioneer in Western-style oil painting and was the first Japanese to produce a copperplate etching. Kōkan studied painting first with a teacher of the Kanō school, in

  • Andō Kichijirō (Japanese painter)

    Shiba Kōkan, Japanese artist and scholar of the Tokugawa period who introduced many aspects of Western culture to Japan. He was a pioneer in Western-style oil painting and was the first Japanese to produce a copperplate etching. Kōkan studied painting first with a teacher of the Kanō school, in

  • Andō Shōeki (Japanese philosopher)

    Andō Shōeki, Japanese philosopher considered to be one of the forerunners of the 19th-century movement to restore power to the emperor. He was also one of the first Japanese to study European thought. Andō was a native of Akita. He practiced medicine at Hachinohe, in the present Aomori prefecture,

  • ando soil

    clay mineral: Soils: …halloysite are dominant components in ando soils, which are the soils developed on volcanic ash. Smectite is usually the sole dominant component in vertisols, which are clayey soils. Smectite and illite, with occasional small amounts of kaolinite, occur in mollisols, which are prairie chernozem soils. Illite, vermiculite, smectite, chlorite, and…

  • Andō Tadao (Japanese architect)

    Andō Tadao, one of Japan’s leading contemporary architects. He is best known for his minimalist concrete buildings. Andō had various careers, including professional boxer, before he became a self-taught architect and opened his own practice in Ōsaka in 1969. In the 1970s and ’80s, he executed a

  • Andō Tokutarō (Japanese artist)

    Hiroshige, Japanese artist, one of the last great ukiyo-e (“pictures of the floating world”) masters of the colour woodblock print. His genius for landscape compositions was first recognized in the West by the Impressionists and Post-Impressionists. His print series Fifty-three Stations of the

  • Ando, Miki (Japanese figure skater)

    Miki Ando, At the 2011 International Skating Union (ISU) world figure skating championships, held in Moscow at the end of April, Japanese figure skater Miki Ando captured her second career world title with a dramatic come-from-behind victory over her rival Kim Yu-Na of South Korea. Ando trailed

  • Ando, Momofuku (Japanese executive)

    Momofuku Ando, Japanese food executive (born March 5, 1910 , Chiayi, Taiwan—died Jan. 5, 2007, Okeda, Japan), was the founder of Nissin Food Products Co. and the inventor of instant noodles; he introduced chicken ramen in 1958, debuted Cup Noodle in 1971, and in 2005 created a vacuum-packed portion

  • Andocides (Greek orator and politician)

    Andocides, Athenian orator and politician. Born into one of the most prominent Athenian families, Andocides was imprisoned on suspicion of having taken part in the mutilation of the sacred busts called herms shortly before the departure of Athens’ military expedition to Sicily in 415. These

  • Andong (South Korea)

    Andong, city and provincial capital, North Kyŏngsang (Gyeongsang) do (province), east-central South Korea. It lies 215 miles (345 km) from the mouth of the Naktong River, at the terminus of its navigable section, near a multipurpose dam. The city has existed, under various names, since the Three

  • Andong (China)

    Dandong, city, southeastern Liaoning sheng (province), northeastern China. Dandong is a prefecture-level municipality (shi), and the territory under its administration includes not only the municipal area but also several counties occupying the entire North Korean border zone of Liaoning. It is

  • Andoni-Ibeno (people)

    Ibibio: (Enyong), Southern (Eket), Delta (Andoni-Ibeno), Western (Anang), and Eastern (the Ibibio proper).

  • Andorra

    Andorra, small independent European coprincipality situated among the southern peaks of the Pyrenees Mountains and bounded by France to the north and east and by Spain to the south and west. It is one of the smallest states in Europe. The capital is Andorra la Vella. Andorra consists of a cluster

  • Andorra (play by Frisch)

    Max Frisch: Frisch’s later plays included Andorra (1961), with its theme of collective guilt, and Biografie (published 1967; Biography), which deals with social relationships and their limitations.

  • Andorra la Vella (national capital, Andorra)

    Andorra la Vella, (Catalan: “Andorra the Old”) town, capital of the independent coprincipality of Andorra. It lies near the confluence of the Valira and the Valira del Norte rivers in the narrow Gran Valira valley, on the southern slopes of the Pyrenees. Andorra la Vella long remained relatively

  • Andorra, flag of

    vertically striped blue-yellow-red national flag with a central coat of arms. It has a width-to-length ratio of approximately 2 to 3.An agreement in 1278 between the bishop of Urgel (now in Spain) and the count of Foix (now in France) gave them joint jurisdiction over this small community in the

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