Isooctane
chemical compound

Isooctane

chemical compound
Alternative Titles: 2,2,4-trimethylpentane

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hydrocarbons

  • Structures assumed by hydrogen (H) and carbon (C) molecules in four common hydrocarbon compounds.
    In hydrocarbon: Chemical reactions

    …material in the preparation of 2,2,4-trimethylpentane (isooctane), which is a component of high-octane gasoline.

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  • polymerization

  • Structures assumed by hydrogen (H) and carbon (C) molecules in four common hydrocarbon compounds.
    In hydrocarbon: Polymerization

    …suitable for subsequent conversion to 2,2,4-trimethylpentane (isooctane).

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  • preparation from alkylation

  • In alkylation

    …as alkylate, consists mainly of isooctane, a compound that lends excellent antiknock characteristics to gasolines.

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  • oil refinery
    In petroleum refining: Polymerization and alkylation

    …process for the manufacture of isooctane, a primary component in the blending of aviation gasoline.

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  • use in determining octane number

  • In octane number

    …blends of two reference fuels: iso-octane, which resists knocking, and heptane, which knocks readily. The octane number is the percentage by volume of iso-octane in the iso-octane–heptane mixture that matches the fuel being tested in a standard test engine. See also knocking.

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