Question: Which country’s name is derived from a phrase in Arabic meaning “land of the blacks”?
Answer: The name Sudan derives from the Arabic expression bilād al-sūdān (“land of the blacks”), by which medieval Arab geographers referred to the settled African countries that began at the southern edge of the Sahara.
Question: Which of these cities was known as Philadelphia in ancient times?
Answer: Amman is the capital of Jordan. It was conquered by Egypt's King Ptolemy II Philadelphus (reigned 285–246 BCE), who named it Philadelphia after himself; the name was retained through Byzantine and Roman times.
Question: Where was the first zoo in the United States opened?
Answer: Philadelphia Zoological Gardens, the first zoo in the United States, was opened in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1874 with an animal inventory of several hundred native and exotic specimens.
Question: Which modern Russian city was formerly known as Petrograd and Leningrad?
Answer: St. Petersburg, located in extreme northwestern Russia, was formerly known as Petrograd (1914–24) and Leningrad (1924–91).
Question: Which country was formerly known as Gold Coast?
Answer: Ghana was formerly known as Gold Coast. Gold Coast is a section of the coast of the Gulf of Guinea, in Africa. It extends approximately from Axim, Ghana, or nearby Cape Three Points, in the west to the Volta River in the east and is so called because it was an important source of gold.
Question: Yalta, the 1945 meeting place of the three chief Allied leaders (Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin), is located in what country?
Answer: Yalta is a city located in southern Ukraine. It faces the Black Sea on the southern shore of the Crimean Peninsula. The Yalta Conference (February 4–11, 1945), a major World War II conference of the three chief Allied leaders, President Franklin D. Roosevelt of the United States, Prime Minister Winston Churchill of Great Britain, and Premier Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union, took place there.
Question: Where would one most likely find people living in yurts?
Answer: A yurt is a nomad’s dwelling that originated in Central Asia (e.g., what is today Mongolia). It is erected on wooden poles and covered with skin, felt, or handwoven textiles in bright colours.
Question: What lies between the Pillars of Hercules?
Answer: The Strait of Gibraltar is a channel connecting the Mediterranean Sea with the Atlantic Ocean, lying between southernmost Spain and northwesternmost Africa. The strait's western extreme is 27 miles (43 km) wide between the capes of Trafalgar (north) and Spartel (south), and the eastern extreme is 14 miles (23 km) wide between the Pillars of Hercules, which have been identified as the Rock of Gibraltar (north) and Mount Hacho, just east of Ceuta, a Spanish enclave in Morocco (south).
Question: Where are the Chiltern Hills?
Answer: The Chiltern Hills are a range of chalk hills in southern England that extend some 70 miles (115 km) southwest to northeast through parts of Oxfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Hertfordshire, and Bedfordshire, forming a well-marked escarpment to the northwest and a gentle southeast slope to the River Thames.
Question: Svithiod is the ancient name of which country?
Answer: The name Sweden was derived from the Svear, or Suiones, a people mentioned as early as 98 CE by the Roman author Tacitus. Sweden's ancient name was Svithiod.
Question: Which city dominates Italy’s automotive industry?
Answer: Turin, situated on a broad, fertile plain east of the Alps, is one of Italy's most important industrial and communications centres. The city is preeminent in Italy's automotive industry.
Question: In what city is Rock Creek Park located?
Answer: Washington, D.C., has several parks, most notably Rock Creek Park, which is one of the largest natural parks within the boundaries of any city in the world.
Question: Which is the southernmost city in the world?
Answer: Ushuaia has the distinction of being the southernmost city in the world. Lying on the main island of the Tierra del Fuego archipelago, at the southern tip of South America, it is the capital and port of Tierra del Fuego provincia, Argentina, on the Beagle Channel.
Question: Which city was named for Zionist leader Theodor Herzl’s novel Altneuland, which was translated as the "Hill of Spring"?
Answer: Tel Aviv, Israel’s largest urban centre, was named after Theodor Herzl’s novel Altneuland, which was translated into Hebrew as Tel Aviv, or the "Hill of Spring."
Question: Which is Russia’s largest seaport?
Answer: St. Petersburg is the largest seaport and second largest city in Russia.
Question: Which of these cities is known as the “Lion City”?
Answer: The city of Singapore is known as the “Lion City.” It is the capital of the Republic of Singapore, though the city has come to so dominate Singapore Island as a whole that the republic has essentially become a city-state.
Question: Where are the cities of Novosibirsk, Omsk, and Krasnoyarsk located?
Answer: The largest cities of Siberia are Novosibirsk, Omsk, and Krasnoyarsk.
Question: What is the only place in the world where Angostura Bitters are produced?
Answer: Angostura Bitters, a mix for drinks, known around the world, is produced only in Port of Spain, the capital of Trinidad and Tobago. Its formula is a closely guarded secret.
Question: Which city’s name comes from the Spanish word for “many fish”?
Answer: Panama City, Panama, was originally an Indian fishing village. The name comes from the Spanish panama, which means “many fish.”
Question: The Tate galleries house art in which country?
Answer: The Tate galleries are art museums in the United Kingdom that house the national collection of British art from the 16th century onward and the national collection of international modern art. There are four branches: Tate Britain and Tate Modern in London, Tate Liverpool, and Tate St. Ives in Cornwall.
Question: Which city is located in the Ṣirāt Mountains?
Answer: Mecca lies in the Ṣirāt Mountains about 50 miles (80 km) inland from the Red Sea port of Jeddah in Saudi Arabia. It is the birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad, the founder of Islam.
Question: Where are the headquarters of the International Olympic Committee?
Answer: The headquarters of the International Olympic Committee are located in Lausanne, Switzerland.
Question: Which city’s name is said to mean “little fort”?
Answer: The name Kuwait is thought to be the Arabic diminutive of a Hindustani term, kut, meaning “fort.” Kuwait city is the capital of Kuwait.
Flags of the world. National flags. Country flags. Hompepage blog 2009, history and society, geography and travel, explore discovery

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