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France's New African Policy
During 1997 a gradual sea change in France’s policy toward Africa reached its culmination. Gone or going was France’s paternalism...
WATER CRISIS In THE MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA
Water availability has for millennia shaped the culture of the people in the part of the world now commonly referred to as...
The New World Disorder
My friend Flora Lewis summed up the year 1991 in these pages, with appropriate tentativeness, as "a time of transition."...
The Shrinking Ph.D. Job Market
Since the 1980s the market for new Ph.D.’s to fill tenure-track positions in U.S. colleges and universities has decreased...
Inventors and Inventions of the Industrial Revolution
Read about the people and machines that transformed Western society in the 18th and 19th centuries.
25 Decade-Defining Events in U.S. History
Which events were the most important in any given decade of U.S. history? This list tries to answer that question. See if...
Europe's Crumbling Social Network
The European welfare state suffered a year of crisis in 1997. In the years after World War II, generations of Europeans had...
6 Interesting Facts About Fidel Castro
From his famous beard to his ubiquitous cigar, learn more about Fidel Castro.
Don’t think there is anything to know about Cleveland? Take this quiz and see how wrong you are.
Why Does COVID-19 Disproportionately Affect African Americans, Hispanics, and Latinos?
As the COVID-19 pandemic has unfolded in the United States and increasing amounts of data have come in, it has become apparent...
English Language Imperialism
Seen in its simplest terms, language imperialism involves the transfer of a dominant language to other peoples. The transfer...
Racial Integration in Australia and New Zealand
By 1997 public opinion in Australia and New Zealand was demanding that a solution be found to the great gap in the standards...