Industry, a group of productive enterprises or organizations that produce or supply goods, services, or sources of income. In economics, industries are customarily classified as primary, secondary, and tertiary; secondary industries are further classified as heavy and light.
Browse Subcategories

Industry Encyclopedia Articles

Featured Articles

Clothing and footwear industry
Clothing and footwear industry, factories and mills producing outerwear, underwear, headwear, footwear, belts, purses, luggage, gloves, scarfs, ties, and household soft goods such as drapes, linens, and slipcovers. The same raw materials and equipment are used to fashion these different end...
Encyclopedia / Industry
Pharmaceutical industry
Pharmaceutical industry, the discovery, development, and manufacture of drugs and medications (pharmaceuticals) by public and private organizations. The modern era of the pharmaceutical industry—of isolation and purification of compounds, chemical synthesis, and computer-aided drug design—is...
Encyclopedia / Industry
Lister, Joseph
Aerospace industry
Aerospace industry, assemblage of manufacturing concerns that deal with vehicular flight within and beyond Earth’s atmosphere. (The term aerospace is derived from the words aeronautics and spaceflight.) The aerospace industry is engaged in the research, development, and manufacture of flight...
Encyclopedia / Industry
Orville Wright in first controlled flight, 1903
Automotive industry
Automotive industry, all those companies and activities involved in the manufacture of motor vehicles, including most components, such as engines and bodies, but excluding tires, batteries, and fuel. The industry’s principal products are passenger automobiles and light trucks, including pickups,...
Encyclopedia / Industry
A Volkswagen manufacturing plant in Slovakia.
Materials testing
Materials testing, measurement of the characteristics and behaviour of such substances as metals, ceramics, or plastics under various conditions. The data thus obtained can be used in specifying the suitability of materials for various applications—e.g., building or aircraft construction,...
Encyclopedia / Industry

Industry Subcategories

subcategory placeholder Chemical Products
Chemical industry, complex of processes, operations, and organizations engaged in the manufacture of chemicals and their derivatives.
  • Detergent
  • Explosive
    chemical product
  • Gasoline
  • (Left) S- and (right) Z-twist yarns. Natural Products
    Living a “natural life” was the only option for people before the advent of plastics and other manmade compounds. Recently there has been a move towards using natural, unprocessed—or minimally processed—products for daily necessities that can certainly help reduce not only the environmental impact but also make a positive difference in the home and surroundings. Innovation and wise resource management have made natural forms of fiber, construction materials, and food preservatives more readily available.
  • Cotton
    fibre and plant
  • Essential oil
    plant substance
  • Felt
  • Industry Encyclopedia Articles

    Your preference has been recorded
    Check out Britannica's new site for parents!
    Subscribe Today!