Agriculture & Agricultural Technology

Agriculture, the active production of useful plants or animals in ecosystems that have been created by people. Agriculture has often been conceptualized narrowly, in terms of specific combinations of activities and organisms—wet-rice production in Asia, wheat farming in Europe, cattle ranching in the Americas, and the like—but a more holistic perspective holds that humans are environmental engineers who disrupt terrestrial habitats in specific ways.

Agriculture & Agricultural Technology Encyclopedia Articles

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Poultry farming
Poultry farming, raising of birds domestically or commercially, primarily for meat and eggs but also for feathers. Chickens, turkeys, ducks, and geese are of primary importance, while guinea fowl and squabs (young pigeons) are chiefly of local interest. This article treats the principles and...
Encyclopedia / Agriculture & Agricultural Technology
poultry farm
Collectivization
Collectivization, policy adopted by the Soviet government, pursued most intensively between 1929 and 1933, to transform traditional agriculture in the Soviet Union and to reduce the economic power of the kulaks (prosperous peasants). Under collectivization the peasantry were forced to give up their...
Encyclopedia / Agriculture & Agricultural Technology
Joseph Stalin
Agricultural technology
Agricultural technology, application of techniques to control the growth and harvesting of animal and vegetable products. Mechanical processing of soil so that it is in the proper physical condition for planting is usually referred to as tilling; adding nutrients and trace elements is called...
Encyclopedia / Agriculture & Agricultural Technology
contour farming; strip cropping
Livestock farming
Livestock farming, raising of animals for use or for pleasure. In this article, the discussion of livestock includes both beef and dairy cattle, pigs, sheep, goats, horses, mules, asses, buffalo, and camels; the raising of birds commercially for meat or eggs (i.e., chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese,...
Encyclopedia / Agriculture & Agricultural Technology
Hereford cattle
Beekeeping
Beekeeping, care and management of colonies of honeybees. They are kept for their honey and other products or their services as pollinators of fruit and vegetable blossoms or as a hobby. The practice is widespread: honeybees are kept in large cities and villages, on farms and rangelands, in forests...
Encyclopedia / Agriculture & Agricultural Technology
Body plan of a honeybee.
Farm machinery
Farm machinery, mechanical devices, including tractors and implements, used in farming to save labour. Farm machines include a great variety of devices with a wide range of complexity: from simple hand-held implements used since prehistoric times to the complex harvesters of modern mechanized...
Encyclopedia / Agriculture & Agricultural Technology
combine harvester

Agriculture & Agricultural Technology Encyclopedia Articles

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